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About Lake County examiner. (Lakeview, Lake County, Or.) 1880-1915 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 9, 1905)
OLD DESERT JOURNEYS.
MODERS CIYIUZATIOX, TUN I FT
ASD A1WXDAXCE IX SAGE
Where Sunshine and Fertile Soil
Await the Coming of Canal-Borne
Water to Laugh Abundant liar
C J. Blanchard.
EL PASO, Tex. (Special). On the
Southeast border of the Great Ameri
can Desert, where our sister republic
Mexico touches the commonwealth of
Texas on the East and the progres
sive old-young territory of New Mex
ico on the North, stands the "largest
city in the largest Congressional diS'
trlct of the largest Slate of the great'
est Nation on the earth."
To the Easterner who first tislts this
charming city and enjoys the hospital
lty which its citizens know so well
how to extend, the question is upper
most, what makes a city here? After
Journeying more than 500 miles across
Western Kansas and the Fanhandle of
Texas, the short grass country, where
it is all one vast cattle raDge, down
Into the adobe hills ana sage brush
wastes of eastern New Mexico, there
is a reason for asking tnis question.
You naturally want to know from
whence comes all this hustle and bustle
with all thess evidences of progress
and substantial growth. All your no
RUINS OF OLD SPANISH CHURCH,
tions long held and regretfully let go
of, are that this sunny land of the
border is the land of uianauia, of to
morrow; that its day of awakening is
not yet come. Well, wake up! Life
is just as i eat. just as earnest and as
streauous in El Paso as in New York
or Chicago, and when you rub up in
busiaees against the El Pasoan you
neea all your shrewdness and business
The Old and The New.
El Paso Is old very old, and El
a'iso Is new, too very new. This de
lightful paradox is full of surprises
and charms. Right up against the old
panish dwelling of adobe wita long,
i )w windows, heavily Barred, and its
i atio ia the center, you are likely to
find a modern office building with ele
vators and electric ligats.
Something of a feeling of living In
the past comes over you when you ea
ter one of the old churches, down here
churches erected more than 300 years
a?o. The solemn silence of these
shaaoTy halls has been broken by the
orisons of countless thousands and
6oftly intoned aves were echoing here
long before the eyes of the Anglo-
iZaJi '.i.-.BIMk... -.
Saxon tad looked upon Plymouth
In the first half of the Sixteenth
Century the Spanish Conquistadores
seeking new fields of concjuebt for the
glory of Spain, swept up the Rio
Grande Valley. They found pastoral
settlements of Pueblo Indians prac
ticing agriculture through the aid of
irrigation, carrying the precious waters
of the Rio Granue out upon the desert
and i apisg iarvests from fiolds which
bad been in cultivation beyond the
traditions of the oldest members of the
tribe. Spanish settlements followed
the conquerers. With the ready adap
tability of the early explorers they
utilized the old irrigation systems.
Thresh by Trampling of Goats.
The unprogresslveness of the Span
lard is no where more strikingly re
vealed than in the Rio Grande Val
ley, where the descendonts of the early
Spanish explorers are to-day engaged
ia agriculture in just the same man
aer as their forefathers practiced it,
ass iadeed with methods strangely like
those in the days of Abraham. You
can see them reap with the sickle and
thresh by the trampling of goats.
Progressive Americans settling in the
upper reaches of the Rio Grande in
later years, showed small regard for
the settlers in tho lower valley. Soon
their long lines of broad canals began
to make sad inroads la the water sup
ply which was needed tot the old
I J- ;: ;
i ."T ".- ' .1- . - VV C
Site for the J f
Great j '
canals. Mexico, Texas and New Mex
ico were arrayed against Colorado
which robbed them of tlulr priceless
heritage and threatened to transform
thousands of acres of fruitage and
bloom into its original state that of
the desert. As the water grew scarce
there sprang up hostilities between the
citizens of the whole Kio Grande Val
ley. Neighbor began to be arrayed
against neighbor; there were even fam
ily rows over the water. For years
these conditions prevailed. Mexico
made respectful protest ncalnst the use
of the waters of the Rio Grande in
Colorado which deprived the ancient
canals of the Republic of their rights
long established. The Comity of Na
tions was threatened.
To Build a Huge Dam.
It was the passage of the National
irrigation act which wroupht a won
drous clmiiKO in the conditions ami
knit together in one brotherhood all the
citizens of the lower valley, imbuing
them with a spirit of co-operation and
enthusiasm. The Reclamation Service
took hold of the project and worked
out a plan to store the vast Rio tSraude
floods which were annually a source
of much loss to the valley and which
were wholly unutilized. This plan the
people have accepted as a salvation.
One hundred miles above El Paso the
Kio Grande flows through a deep nar
row canyon. A dam 255 feet high
across its lower end will create the
largest artificial reservoir in this coun
try. It will make a lake 40 miles long.
li miles wide and from 100 to ITS
feet deep. It will contain water enough
to cover 2,000.000 acres a foot deep.
Into this vast reservoir the greatest
flood the Rio Grande has ever known
will quickly disappear and later when
needed by 200.000 thirsty acres in the
valley below will be released and led
through a net work of canals and
ditches through New Mexico into Tex
as, clear down Into Old Mexico.
The Settlers Pay tHe Cost.
It will cost mllllors to do this work.
$7,000,000 is the figure, but what of
that? The settlers will gladly pay for
it. Under the magic of irrigation Me
silla. La Palomas and El Paso val
leys, now only dotted here and there
with green verdure, will spring into
full fruitage, producing harvests unri
valled in quality and quantity. Ten
thousand new homes will cover the
desert plain, and El Paso, the central
point for transportation and the great
est market in the va":ley, will wax into
a city of 100,000 souls. Twenty thou
sand acres of irrigated land support a
splendid city now. What shall it be
when 200.000 acres are adJcd to the
crop producing area of El Paso terri
tory? THS IXTELLIGEXCEOF AXIMALS.
An English Naturalist Believes That
It May be Far Greater
Sir John Lubbock has brought more
popular attention to the subject of the
mental capacity of animals than any
other writer, ile has conducted many
careful investigations on the senses, in
stincts and intelligence of animals and
insects. An interesting query pro
pounded by the English scicutlst re
lates to the existence of other organs
of sense than ours.
"We find," he says, "in animals com
plex organs of sense, richly supplied
with nerves, but the function of which
vre are as yet powerless to explain.
There may be fifty other senses as dif
ferent from ours as sound is from
sight, and even within the boundaries
of our own senses there may be end-
less sounds which we cannot hear, and
colors as differt-iit as red from green.
Of which we ha ve no conception. These
and a thousand other question re
main for solution. The familiar world
which surrounds us may be a totally
different place to other animals. Jo
them It may be full of music which we
cannot Lear, of sensation we cannot
conceive. To place stuffed birds and
beasts in glass cases, to arrange In
sects in cabinets, and dried pluuts in
drawers, is merely the drudgery and
preliminary of study; to watch their
habits, to understand their relations to
one another, to study their instincts
and intelligence, to ascertain their
adaptations and their relations to the
forces of nature, to realize what the
world appears to them these con
stitute, as it seems to we, at least, the
true interests of natural history, and
may even give us the clue to senses
and perceptions of which at present
we have no conception."
Celebru Hag Belgian Independence.
Among the festivities organized for
the celebration of the seventy-fifth an
niversary of Belgium's independence
Is the faithful reproduction of one of
the tilting jousts given by Philip the
Good of Rurgundy in lir,2, in which
Philip's son broke the lances of six
teen opposing knights in the presence
of Isabella of Portugal, Duchess of
AS ACKXOWLEVGED TRAIT OF
J A PAX E SB MERC11AXTS,
They Have No Regard For a Con
tract - Striking Contrast With
With tho treaty of peaco, Japan baa
sccu tho accomplishment of a task
that has been tho ambition of the em
piro to hold front rnuk In the fam
ily of nations. This has been brought
about through Btich military achieve
ments as have ovoked tho mluitrntlou
of tho civilized powers, but now It
seems that Japan has still before her
a problem which means harder work
and a greater task than that which
she had before tho commencement of
tho Russian-Japanese war.
That task. Is to redeem the conimicr
clal reputation of her traders, a repu
tation which Is not enviable. Joseph
Walton, a member of the Eagllsh par
liament, a nau who has spent much
time in travel and knows the people of
the East thoroughly, says ia his book
on the Orient;
"Japanese traders are not special
ly distinguished for honesty, particu
larly in their business relations with
foreigners. We have la this a most
striking proof that the character of
the people Is largely formed by tho
nature of their surroundings. For hun
dreds of years the trading class in
Japan has occupied a very low place
in the social scale. In thelast thirty
years, since the feudal system has
oeen abolished, the position of tho
traders has greatly changed, and now
some of those who were nobles are en
gaged in trade; and I aw told there
is reason to hope that shortly busi
ness affairs In Japan will be conducted
on more honest lines."
Peculiar Business Dishonesty.
The progress which the Japanese
have made ia the past fifty years
shows them to be a people self
reliant and determined to keep en ad
vancing towards the highest plane at
tainable, yet travelers is the East
have been surprised that the traders
of the Occident are se notoriously dis
honest, for while the Japaaese are far
superior to the Chinese as regards
achievement of national strength and
perseverance, yet the reverse is true
in the matter of commercial honesty.
It appears that the Japanese mer
chants have no regard for a contract.
It is said that the most prosperous
commercial houses of Japaa are man
aged not by Japanese hut hy Chinese.
The average Chinese merchant is high
'y esteemed the world over for his hon
esty; in fact a president of one of the
.argest corporations of the United
States once said that he would not he
afraid to ship a barrel of gold coin to
a Chinese merchant with instructions
to make use of it in trade, but at the
end of the year he would receive a de
tail statement of where every coin
went, but If this were done to a Jap
anese merchant, he would consider
himself lucky to get back the empty
It is believed that the hard task
accomplished by the Japanese la the
war just happily brought to an end
will be a beginning to bring out the
genius for which the Japanese have
been noted ia war to a utilization of
peaco and commercialism.
. this is your fifth Urth-
day party. W
hom do you love beet,
your father or
rou loved me
you said yesterday that
Yes; but I'v
e slept over ft. and I
realize that w
o men must stick to-
THE MEERSCHAUM PIPE.
Almost Impossible to Select a
A story Is told of a smoker who Fpent
eight of the best years of his life trying
to color a mecrs liaum pipe, keeping it
enclosed most of the time in a case sas
to prevent it getting scratched and its
lini.sh beinsr dulled by the oil and moist
ure from his hands, only to find at the
end of that period that he bad been
tenderly nursing an imitation instead
of tho genuine "eeume de nier." The
best imitation is composed of the par
ings of genuine meerschaum, combined
with a mineral clay. These composi
tions can usually be determined from
the genuine meerschaum by their
greater weight, but there Is no abso
lutely certain test for distinguishing
the counterfeit. One method of test is
to look for slight Imperfections. Com
position bowls never exhibit these
slight blemishes, which result from the
presence of foreign bodies in the natur
al meerschaum ; however, as the blem
ishes do not usually manifest them
selves until after the bowl has been
used for some time, the test Is not of
much value in buying new pipes.
Meerschaum is a silicate of magnesia,
and preparatory to carving it is soaked
in a compositiwu of wax uud oil. The
wax and oil ubsorbed by the meer
schaum are the cause of the coloring
of the pipe due to smoking, and in cou-
Ttut'tnn U'ith fllt-tlm,. oiuinpritlnn ft
nicotine. Where meerschaums have
been smoked for some time without
having acquired a good color, they can
freauentlv be lmoroved bv rubblnir.
when warm, with beeswax.
W'euknesB of English Colonies.
The new commonwealth of Aus
tralia does not seem to be getting on
very well. The population in the ten
years ending with l'JOl was 3.771,715,
the increase being &'J7,402.- The whole
island continent has less population
than the city of Greater New York.
Long a dependent upon England, It
has not de eloped Internally. "Were
Australian ports," says the Sydney
Hulk-tin, "shut by hostile warships
to-morrow, the commonwealth would
be without guns or cartridges for Its
troops, without ships or the means of
making them, without fabrics for
clothing, without -machinery for mine
or railway, without even paper on
which to print its journals, Australia
would have to beseech the grace of
some master, crawl to the band of
whatever power Was for the time most
strong, or lapse Into savagery,"
COSSIP OF THE DIPLOMATS.
Foreign and Washington Notes.
The Sultan of Turkey seme short
time since, granted an audience to
Senaor Bacon, et Georgia, nod was se
much charmed with that genial Amer
ica grntleman that he conferred upwn
hla the grand cerdeu ef the Chef coat,
and presented Mrs. Bacon with a lot
Of porcelain manufactured in tho Im
perial petterles. It remains to he seen
whether the Georgian Senator will ask
permission from Congress te he per
mitted to accept the order of the
Mrs. Wu Ting Fang, wife of the for
raer Chinese Minister to this country,
has dctlcd the time honored traditions
of her native land, by relurnlug to
China with her "feet enlarged" to a
normal size. When she came to thU
country w ith her famous husband, Mrs.
Wu had her feet tightly bouud, ns U
the custom among women of her rank
la China, While In this couutry nho
had a surgical operation performed. In
creasing her foct to tho size nature
MADAME WU TIXU FA NO.
Intended them to he. Mrs. Wu'o Wash
ington friends, with whom she keeps
up a steady correspondence, state that
she is able to walk now with com
fort By the will of tho lato Corman
Field Marshal, Count von Walderseo,
commander of the allied troops during
the Roxer uprising In China, Ms in
signia of the Order of the Hlack ICaiiM.
set with diamonds, was sold for th.'
benefit of the needy soldiers In hU old
regiment. Count von Waldcrsoe's wifo
is a Miss Ie, of New York, and as
serts a most powerful Inlluenco at tho
Berlin Court where ti succeeded m
securing promotion after promotion for
Dr. Wallason. tbo Czar's American
dentist, lires In St. Petersburg In a
palace in a quarter reserved for Grand
Dukes and Ambassadors, it Is furnish
ed with such exquisite things that each
room represents a fortune In itself.
Wherever the Czar or Czarina or the
Grand Dukes are. they always send
for Dr. Wallason, and he Is kept busy
traveling from ono end of the big Rus
Bineniptre to the other.
In the same way. Dr. Thomas, an
American dentist at Vienna, has been
for many years an Intimate friend ol
the Emperer, and has nver betrayed
the Emperor's confidence hy a Single
The German Emperor's American
dentist not such a very long time
since committed suicide.
Each Earl of Orford, at his burial Is
driven in his hearse three tines round
the church before bis remains are tin
ally laid to rest. The origin of this
queer custom, according to family and
looal tradition, is that Horatio, second
earl of Orford, destroyed the tomb
of the Scalmers, former possessors of
Mannington Hall, in Norfolksblre, and
one of the unhappy ladies of this fam
ily, finding no rest, still haunts the
churchyard, always searching for the
remains of her relations. It Is to mol
lify her spirit that this weird drlvo of
the hearse round the churchyard takes
place on the occasion of the obsequies
of every Karl of Orford. The present
Iord Orford, whose wife Is Louise
Corbln, daughter of I). C. Corbln, and
niece of the great railroad magnate
of that name, Is at present traveling
in this country. van Calava.
The liartboldl Fountain.
Among art work displayed In
one of the public reservations In the
Immediate shadow of the Capitol, is
the Iiartholdl Fountain, which plays
in the National Botanical Garden. Its
-IV f fjjt
rtiJls , '
BARTUOLDI FOUNTAIN IN WINTER
designer and sculptor was the man who
made the Statue of Liberty, which
France presented to the United States
and which stands in New York harbor.
The Bartholdl Fountain performed its
first service in' this country at the Phil
adelphia exposition, at the close of
which it was brought to Washington.
Cheerful During Trouble.
Mamma had told Dorothy that she
could, not go out again. The little
maiden made one more plea. "Please,
mamma ,it Isn't very wet, and I won't
go on the grass."
"No, you cannot, Dorothy," said
mamma, smiling at the 'little one's per
"Well, anyway, mamma, It seems to
me that you're yery. cheerful about
,LV ESGl KIM AS 117 Til lil'MOR.
How He Held III I IrM Johaml More
over Got a Maine In Wnges.
Herbert Kelecy. ono of the lending"
nctor of the present time. U an
.. '., . - !... till. llHUIll tilt'
l.ngiixuuiiiii, win, u.'v --
from the llnu hn deP "' r
humor, lu speaking of nw ursi virn v
this country, he describe hi exper
ience something like this:
"Yes. 1 was u bit gr.cii when I ci no
over to thl couutry. and I 'ad to tike
banvtblnk In the v y of ft Job. I got
started lu n department UI1
avenue, and tho tloorwalker s'y to un
8 ""'Now, 'Arry, we'll give you three
trials, mid If you let three people get
away without selling thctn, we ll nve
to lHiuneo you.'
"Well. 1 came down Jolly early on
Monday, took my pllee be'lud tho
counter nnd Wind for customer.
Pretty soon n Inly walked up and
nl;wd mo where she should tlki Hi
tram for New Uoehello. I didn't know,
and she went nw'y. I looked at lh
tloorwall.er nnd the floorwalker o
looked lit inc. That inldo one." hold
ing up n lean foretlnger. "Then it man
came along and stopped to nrsk yu
where V could buy n 'at I told mi
where the 'at counter wa, nnd V went
Tl,,. tnl.t.i two. JollV Poor
luckwasn't It now? I looked at tho
floorwalker, and that noorwnmr.
1. w vl iii 1 nt tint ill:. i VII but what could
I do? Then another lidy came along
as 'ad n large piece of goods to match,
and she wauted another yard of tho
ni inn I lixi V ll nnd nulled out hevery-
think on the shelve, but there wu no
more or it left. I wa lu n bit or n
.t,,,, i. ,., f,. if l l..t Vr co without
tnlklug ft sale I would lose my Ji I
"'Wlte ft bit, lldy; I'll see If we are
any upstairs.' I went up. aud neeiug
there was no more there, either. I Ju
cut n yard off her own goods an.
brought the two piece down, rolled
them up, took the luoury, and sb
went nw'y. I nd plenty of eiistoin-r
after that, but I didn't feel just com
fortable, doii't you know.
"The same afternoon sbo came back
nnd nked for the tloorwalker.
"'Ere,' sey, she, 'I brought flv
yard of good 'ere to match thl
morning and bought u yard more, but
when I got home I found oidy fur
yards In mv own piece. Cau you ex
plain that, please V"
"I Vmiiied an' 'awed nnd tried to
measure the goods and Uattempted to
tell the lldy that she must bo mistaken
about er own pleee. but she oi.!y
glared nt me, nnd In a JIlTy ho wu
hup to the iloorwalker d'nlif the
eondltl n of affairs. 'Fr tone blndl
cated that she wa mad, and I said to
rues. df. '"Arry. you're a dead 'un."
"The floorwalker culled me bout,
I I ':kI to t !1 'I'u all iiLout It. 'ow
the first party wanted ft tram car. a:i I
lie- IK'U a 'at, and this one vaut-.l
r:inre goods w In n we 'ndn't any. I
'ml to s.'ll Vr soine'ow, or lost, my J.b.
so I give Vr n bit from Vr own pleee.
The tl.xirwalker looked so blooinln'
mad for a bit that I thought my tliu
wa come for sure, but then o
Mnrt.'d to lnrf,- nn I V larfed till 1
thought Vd bust. Then 'e se.. 'Arry,'
se e' "I guet-s we'll 'ave to kwp you,
and ralne jour wages.' And 'e did."
Wonder Work of the Auelculs.
Modern quarry machinery caa handle
single stones larger than any of the
monoliths of ancient Egypt. The really
surprising thing, howevur. Is how 414
i he ancients bundle their monoliths
v.ith only their crude luacblnes.
'To Canvass for tbe
i NOW PUCLISHED.
The Issue contains portraits of the
two from each State in the Uulon. This
i '.iiicuun was luailo frwtu recent exclusive
aitiiiigs lur tho
12 x 8 inchesl n size
are protected by copyriKht and ran not be
repruUuced legally cowui-re, 1 lie Kuup
forms tliu iiiotl valuable colli'ctiuu of hlitlca
inen ever offered to tlie Ameru:n people.
The number will be u4 unrivalled valuo to
iudivuluuia, scliools auJ UUiwuNt.
Price SO Cents Delivered
For terms and other particulars address
The Budget Company,
H S20 Wusblngton Street, (
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NATIONAL PHOTOGRAPHIC CHEMICAL COMPANY
llth St. and Penn Ave.. - VTashlntfton, D. C.
'the tt Ate
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Widowi cliiims a specialty.
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'" " i nil immmimmm