yfib 0tt1ttjt L VOL. XXVI. LAKEVIEW, LAKE COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1905. NO. Hi. OFFICIAL INFORMATION Jnswcrs Given by the Department of the Interior to Questions Submitted Per taining to the Hondo Reservoir. (nil, nviiiii .iih'miIiiiih mnl huh- no law to prevent your entering Kin ,., V1. .,h.i, prepared by llii' !'- at firsl; t 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 m en I ry Is merely pre- irtn1,ni ,,( lln In1' 'I'lm- enliven- liui i un ry , mnl Will lie eut ilinvn In m-f in i-ft in cnrres"inicnls Hi. so, nr 1 JO m i-en, necnrdinn in )iv I,,, liri. Hii'lvini: inl'nnii.'i t inn i nn- plans llnnlly determined n m. The mill" I lie rn-l;i ma I inn la u atnl up- enl ry w ill lie subject In eeriaill lini- . , linns iiinler it . 1 1 in possi ble I lia I Itn I ions, charges, and terms, which Ih'juirt iin-ii t will modify nr re- cmiiml tie gi veil until Ihe contracts .ixKiillieiii tlienplllnlisgicli, and for Const ruction hiivclieen let. ,,.v miiKt lie considered ji sugges- O W ha t nsmirn nee is t here I ha t t he Hi,, rn'lici- than llnnl: l;lll'l " hu h I enler will lie irrigated? im.MiiHi i:.M i:n"I'iiii. A You ran have no assurance that .-In what way cull puhlic liiinl be the land will bo irrigated until iul- tken iiinler the rcclmiiiith.li law? lie notice has heen given. If ynii -The only way In which land can enter in advance of the public notice .. taken Is under the terms of the .Vou make a speculative entry, w holly at your own risk, and with out any guarantee or safeguard that water will he supplied, mid with a reasonable probability that nnifHti'iiil law, which reiUireH ac ini nettlei it and cultivation. -'un I take up a homestead under tin' nvlumiitioii law, and obtain liikuhlle I am earning a ll ing in a ; .vnu may Inse your homestead light, WATIMt I'SKUS ASSOCIATIONS. (J What arc the Witter Users' Asso ciations'.' A These are associations of Indi viduals owning or having claims to water and lands to which water may lie supplied by the works con structed by the government, ij Why are the assnciat ions formed. .'iirliy city? i-Ynii I'umiot oblain a homestead iiicKH yon live upon the laud and Hike It yuiir home. Icensiniial nb ni'i' in allowable, if some good 'Willi In kI veil, bul .voli caiiliot live .n'wliure mnl claim a hnmeslead. .'-Ik It necessary for me m live on ;n" iiuiil more ' t han oliee in six mlltlln'.' i-Yi'k; net ii ii I a ml emit iti in m . ivkI-I . Tin y are fnr med in order to ns "iii'c m reipiiri'd li.v Ihe law. a ud 'sure Ihe gn ver n men t that the land nil miiKt establibh your In one nil ow ners will apply for water from n'lnnd Mini live there for i lie full ii,,. ii'i'i-atiua works, and Unit they j A Mireetly by the water users them selves and through the officers eloe- ted liy them. U Mow much water will 1m- furnlsh i ed to each water user? 'A lie will receive his proportional i part of t he entire supply in the hands of the association, not In excess of ! the a mount necessary for t ho proper cultivation nf his land. Q What assurance has he of a suM'.- eient supply'.' A The association is required to limit the lands represented by its shares In Ihe area which thegovcrn , merit has determined can lie cultiva ted to the highest ellieiency. Q What will be the cost of the gov ernment. atef right? I A The smallest amount consistent (with permanent work. Steel and , concrete' will be used w herever re quired. The heaviest part of the cost. that is, the maintenance, which goes on forever, will be rc ; duced to a minimum. J IJ What Is the connection between i the association and the government, j A ISefore beginningconstruetion the I (ioveriimeiit will make a contract with the association, in which the latter will guarantee the payment ! and agree to enforce the collections I from its shareholders by means of the lien on their lauds if necessary. q Does the shareholder derive any j advantage from this lien'.' j . y,.H, it protects him against the This adjustment can be made by mutual agreement, or in tho courts. (J If a tract to bo subscrllied for, contains land which is not irrigable, how many acres should be Included? j A The subscription should include the entire tract. The Secretary of the Interior will, by careful and ex-1 pert examination, determine the lr- rlgable area, of each tract. The shares representing the lioiiirrigable lands will be cancelled, and the gov-' eminent will make no charge against them. Q ( 'an a man subscribe for a part nf his land and leave the rest out of the irrigation system? A No, the association will accept subscriptions only when they cover the entire body of land owned by the subscribed. Xo subscription should exceed 100 shares, but any person may make several such subscriptions if lie agrees to dispose of his excess nu n'iiiii'eil. -M list I iimve into tie laud at ii-Ynii are given hI months from time of taking out your first pa 'm tucHtuhlish a residence, and be nt' the cud of that Units you must knctuully living on the ground. Hh It Hiilliclent to erect an ordin ary Claim Hliunty with one door and e window? -Nu; the clulin shanty and noin iiiil ftuldence which may have sulllc- v ill so adjust the existing claims to die use of water Unit the adminis tration of all the water available for lands in private ownership, w hether from private or government irriga tion works shall be under one con trol, viz: that of the water users themselves. This organization is necessary in order that there may be Hiiuervislou over the distribution of ! water to the lands In private owner- ''liiireil. H an I enler Mo acres me '" partM nf if.' '-Von nu, ,lit n in title to ; iwuf IhihI niilv. which I liel) sell ship, contemplated by section 5 of Ihe reclamation Act. I under Hiune conditions, will not ! (.J What is the form of organiza- ' milticli.iit on the Irrigable land, j tion? Uiui'timl home, where you sleep and ; ATm, (()I.m uf organization may 'ke.vour meals habitually, will be ' , . .,,,. artsof the country, in accordance with the local needs. iieiieral form has been prepared, preliminary to approval by the Sec cci ta n j ivti,.y ,,f the Interior, which can be ""l-Dtir Hill acres, and you cannot ltH ,im'ipes have been approved by ",IV('J' miy title to this, ,,r to any ,a. secretary of the Interior. '""Hunof it, until j-oi, jmvo lived ! (JWi,at iH ,viuired of persons joiu- -uni ,ne years. 1 mi may be 1 1,,,.-such associations? A'J) Theyngiveto turn over to the inuuageineut of the association 11m water which they have hereto fore appropriated, to be administer ed in connection with the additional water supply furnished from the government irrigation system. (2) They agree to make their former water right, as well as Ihe govern ment water rights, appurtenant to . i... i...U Iri'iealed. Ii!) They agree "j'"'! entry you iniist ciu.'!y with',,, ,,.,v the charges for the water U'r"" ,t the homestead law. ; rights' ivqiili'iMl by the Keclaiualli-n "fXc-UM) will be accepted because I A,.( ( ) They tign-ethat I heir land llllf In . "-iinquisii or give up a por '" "I It. tnd in that event some ""-'r I'WHoii can make a new home entry, hut you can not trans "r, I'liu any rights or privileges, ""I !' muHt l..Ki,j his term of resl !ww from the time ,o makes his nirv. "Ht I live on the la..,'. 'l'r 1,1 ""t available? 11('h; aft I lie wa- .voii make imr linuie- '"aekaf ..1 "uve nodi,! , , . , . , i ii,, ,i. mich i - uii-r iiie i 1 i 1 1 1 ii hi ii i j'lia.rge lor wini'i, "" " U'r L,ri'"(lJ' for their us. ; If lands (.lia,..Vfi Hhall bo u Hen on the land 'iteri!d upon before water Is i icli the 0sN-iatIou may enforce if tbcic H u imcm,,,,,,!!,,,, that ' 4i..... .1,. n.i. imiv for the water. ') They agree to dispose of the lauds they own which are in excs of the limit of land- In private ownership permitted to apply fur , l,,t8 from t he iioveriiinent system. '"k,r H"ul conditio;,- there ls,()-llow ibtlieasscK-uitioinumiaged? water, as it Is net desired Lha.il be securil V for t lie government lift r., - 1(r ou """vlng tho nary does it teculatlvo purposes, rut her than ' "'""'toul home. ,hJIU""nM:' 1'ln,, ' ""ler at possibility of being required to pay for a shifllei-s neighbor's water right, for without the lien the asso ciation would be required to assess .each member for any deficiency. (j Mow soon must a man dispose of i his excess land? 1 , lie will not be required to do so j before the government is ready to furnish the water, thus gaining the benefits of advanced prices resulting from the large expenditures of the government, and the sure prospect of water, and having, without es pouse, a good market for his laud that he could have had under no other conditions. q What Is done to moke certain that such excess lauds are sold? A The owuer must agree that if he does not sell them to a properly qualllied person by the time the gov ernment water is ready, the associa tion shall have power to do so. (J Will the lands be sacrificed by the association? A No, every ollicer and member of ),,. Mn.'iit inn is a laud owner, and a depreciation of land values is against his Interest. The demand for laud w ill probably be so great, as construction approaches com pletion, that largo prices can be easily realized by the owuer himself, ti Mow are former water rights af fected by joining the association? A The Keclanmtion Act expressly protects vested water rights. 15y joining the association the owner of such rights puts them iu the care of the association aud tho water is to be delivered to him as before, being Included lu the complete supply fur nished from the government system. Mis priority of water reinaius intact, is protected by tho Articles of the Association aud may be re-asserted if ever there should be a shortage of water In the future. () Mow are such lights to bo pro tected If tho need should aiioO fifty years hence? A These lights must be detluately ascertained and made a matter of record as soou us the association can take the matter up after tho government construction has beguu. lands located under the system, i What Is the form of organizat ion, contemplated by section (! of t lie Act, to which the manage nent and operation of the irrigation system is to bo turned over, when the pay ments have been made for the ma jor portion of the laud irrigated? A This cannot be decided until such period approaches In the first pro ject to be completed. The form of Water Users' Association already discussed cau be readily adapted to meet the necessary requirements. Organizations of this form will re: quire few if any changes to meet the conuitions contemplated iu section C. I. AMIS IN J'MVATK O W KliNIII 1 i If I own a tract of land to which water may be brought by a govern ment ditch, how shall I obtain a water right? A It will be necessary to become a member of the local Water Users' Association, and subscribe to all tho requirements of membership in the association. (j For what amount of laud can water bo had? A Section 5, of the law states that no right to the use of water for j lands In private ownership' shall be sola for a tract exceeding 100 acres to any one laud owner. Q Caii I obtain water for a full tract of 100 acres? A This matter is left to the discre tion of tho Secretary of the Interior and the acreage may be reduced to 1J0, SO or 40 acres, according to the surrounding conditions. Q Can I, while residing in some other locality where 1 am earning a living, obtain water for a tract of laud. A You cannot obtain water light for your laud unless you are an actual bona fide resident on such laud, or occupant thereof residing In the neighborhood. (J What Is nieaiit by "the neighbor hood?" A It Is probable that It will bo held that a person must live within such distance of tho land that hecau dally cultivate or care for It. This provis ion relating to an occupant residing iu the neighborhood was drawn originally with reference to the con ditions In Utah, where the farmers live lu small communities, aud cul tivate farms surrounding tho villa ges, lu this case tho farms are all within au easy drive of the homes of tho owners. (J For how much laud cau 1 obtain water? A For au area of 40, 80. l'JO or lo'O acres, according to a rule to bo es tablished lu each locality by tho Sec retary of the Iuterlor. ThU amouut Is to be determined by the quantity of irrigable land which may reason ably lie required for the support of the family. (J Why can not water be had for larger acreage? A The object of the law is, not merely to reclaim the land, but to furnish homes for the greatest mini- ' beri.f persons and to bring about an extensive cultivation of the soil. 1 1 is necessary to cut i.'oai) the land holdings to such a point as will enable a large nu mber of families to make a comfortable living. Q If I have a farm of over 100 acres for which f want water, what must I do? A You can,, by joining the Water Users' Association, secure water for 1U0 acres or less, as the rule may be; but the remainder of the lund cannot have water unless it Is conveyed by a recorded deed to some other per son. Q Can I convey this to a relative or friend, and can he obtain water and then transfer the title back to me? A To secure a title to water will necessitate the land leing conveyed by actual recorded deed, and remain In the ownership of some other per son for 5 or possibly 10 years or more. Such person must also be an actual bona fide resident on the land, or an occupant thereof residing in the, neighborhood. Q If I own a piece of laud and put a tenant upon it, will not this com ply with the requirements of the law? A No, the law is explicit in that the land owner shall be an actual bona fide resident. It Is not t lie purpose of the law to encourage landlordism or tenantry. Q If there are several children lu the family, cau the laud be deeded In separate tracts to each of these children aud water thus secured? A This might be done if each Indi vidual is competent to be an inde pendent land owner, but ho must have a title of record In fee and have an actual residence on the land or in the vicinity. (i What can be done iu case of a man owning several hundred, or thousand acres or Trust Company having largo tracts? A Unless the person is an actual resident aud occupant of the soil, he cannot obtain any water rights and the land must bo left without any water supply unless It is conveyed to au actual bona tide resident and cultivator. ( Cau not any arrangements be made pending the time of disposal of the land? A Subscriptions will bo received by the local Water Users' association, and au understanding reached that the land cau ultimately receive water when properly transferred. (J How cau these lands bo sold? A The owuer can sell at his own discretion, but he must by trust deed to tho association give It power to sell ultimately lu small tracts to actual settlers who uro qualilied to comply with tho lteclamatlon act. Q In the case of railroad lands what arrangements cuu bo made? A Tho railroads, as a rule, have agreed to put their lands on tho market in small tracts, at u price of fl.25 or 12.50 per acre, to be sold on long time payments, and subject to all of tho conditions of government laud adjoining, title not to be passed until all of tho terms have Iven com plied with. (Com i. union Ox Last 1'a.gk.) f: I.