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About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 16, 1901)
TUET GOT $».»
UPHELD MONROE DOCTRINE,
Ztlya Touched a Popular Chord in
AWFUL LOSS OF LIFE.
Thousands Drowned by
Flooding of Yangtse
New York, Aug. 8.—General San- Approval oi Federation of Labor
i toa Zelaya, president of Nicarauga, i
of Selby Refining Co.
Is Freely Given.
1 has touched a popular chord in his |
message to the Nicaraguan congress, !
1,200 POUNDS OF rURE GOLD BULLION just assembled, by advocating the THE TRUST MAKES AN IMPORTANT MOVE
Monroe doctrine and declaring his I
anxiety for the construction of the
Tunneled Under the Vault and Cut Through Nicaraguan canal by
the United Ordtrs Its Immense Plant at McKeesport to be
the Steel Floor—Escaped In a Boat.
Removed to Kiskiminetas Valley—
States, says the Managua, Nicaragua
correspondent of the Journal and Ad-
Leaving No Possible Clue.
Strikers Still Defiant.
J “At the head of our continent ap
San Francisco, Aug. 7.—The Selby pears,’’he said, “the grand republic
PITTSBURG. Aug. 12.—Tnere wero
Smelting & Lead Company has lieen of the United States, with the Mon gravely important developments in
robbed of $280,000 worth of gold bul roe doctrine on its forehead, the grand the strike situation today. The United
lion. The theft occurred some time international principle that forbids States Steel Corporation moved de
European colonization of American cisively in its strike campaign, with
last night, and was not discovered soil.
With that government the a peremptory order directing that the
until morning. The thieves tunneled friend and protector of the weak na Dewees-Wood plant, at McKeesport,
from outside the building under the tions of our continent, we maintain, be dismantled and removed to Kis
vault at the Selby Works, which are as is natural, close and cordial rela kiminetas Valley. President Gom-
located on the bay Bhore, about 30 tions.
pers, of the American Federation of
“We have, moreover, with the great Labor, after a two days' conference
miles from San Francisco.
' American republic,the common in
got away with nearly 1200 pounds of terest of our respective lands in the with President ShafTer and his asso
tine gold worth $20 an ounce without opening of the inter-ocean canal ciates, issued a formal statement to
night, specifically holding the Feder
leaving a trace of their identity.
through our territory, which to her ation to the moral and financial sups
The robbery is the most successful means the realization of her dear pur port of the Amalgamated. His writ
and remarkable ever accomplished pose to occupy among the nations of ten review of the tra.n of events
on the Pacific coast, and was evi the earth her proper position as a leading up to the industrial quarrel
maritime power of tho first class, and
dently the work of skilled mechanics. to us means the incalculable benefits sustains the course of the Amalga
The whole affair was most skillfully which we will obtain by our future mated Association, and declares that
planned and as skillfully executed. progress and aggrandizement If the nothing remains for labor but to bat
It is supposed that when the robbers realization of this is as it promises, tle for the cause of unionism.
The official announcement of the
secured their loot they loaded it into Nicaragua and the United States will
a boat that was waiting and disap come closer and travel united in the order to dismantle the Dewees-Wood
future, because of this wonderful link plant came this afternoon toward the
peared in the fog that had come over thsit entwines in a positive way their close of an otherwise uneventful day,
San Francisco bay.
and its importance was such that it
In their haste to get away they left
claimed the serious consideration of
two gold bars, worth nearly $50,000,
TUNG FUH S REBELLION.
either side of the great industrial
lying on the bank at the water’s
conflict now being waged here. Per-
edge. The police at all the bay cities Chinese Court Alarmed by the Rebels' Ap sifer F. Smith, district manager of
were notified of the crime, but all
the American Sheet S.eel Company,
proach Upon Singan.
they could discover were a few of the
made the formal announcement in
tools that the robbers had used.
Victoria, B. C. Aug. 8.—The steam the following statement:
The Selby Smelting & Lead Com er Queen Adelaide brings news that
“I have orders from Piesident Mc-
pany is the largest concern of its the Tien Chuan Lui rising is grow Murtric, of the American Sheet Steel
kind on the Pacific coast.
Ores are ing.
A report reached the French Company, to at once tear down the
sent from all over the Western coun force in Pekin from Cheng Ting Fu Dewees-Wood plant at McKeesport
try to be smelted and refined, and to the effect that a large number of and remove the same to Kiskiminetas
the gold is then turned over to the defeated soldiers of Tung Fuh Siang, Valley. Tnis I shall proceed to do
A steamer makes special combined with Lian Chwang Hui, immediately.”
The publication of the order was a
trips between San Francisco and the have unfurled in the government great
and McKeesport re
works, carrying the ores one way and premises of Shen Chow many banners ceived surprise
it at first with doubt. Actual
bringing back the refined gold.
with the motto, “Sweep China and preparations were made later in the
This morning when the workmen destroy the aliens.”
day for the dismantling of the plant,
entered the vault to prepare the gold
“On receipt of a report that Tung and there is little doubt but that it
for loading on the steamer the rob Fuh Siang has started a rebellion and will be torn down. The strikers heard
bery was discovered. The thieves had is marching upon Singan.” says a the order in a spirit of defiance. They
taken the precaution of fastening Shanghai paper, “the Chinese court simply said that it showed the steel
was convinced that it
the door of the vault from the inside, has enlisted braves in order to prevent corporation
could not reopen the plant in the face
so that it would be difficult to open him, the number of the present im of the opposition of the Amalgamated
from the outside in case they were perial bodyguard being inadequate to Association. Strike leaders here said
interrupted in their work.
meet this for. e. The braves of the that the order was a bluff that had
Probably preparatory engineering two provinces of Shen Si and Ho Nan been worked unsuccessfully before,
extending over several weeks was done have now gathered, and their number and declined to take it seriously.
l>efore the robbery could be accom has reached 15 or 16 battalions, but President Shaffer refused to discuss
plished. Close to the wall of the build they are devoid of good weapons. the matter.
The steel officials declined to give
ing in which the vault is located a The governors and other officials of any
reason for the order, but it is
shaft was sunk below the foundation. the two provinces are therefore or stated here that the pro ounced sym
Then a tunnel was run ' to the dered by the court to procure arms pathy of citizens and city officials at
vault, and holes were bored in the I for them at once.”
McKeesport with the strikers is re
Great loss of life occurred in Japan sponsible for it. It is also said that
iron floor until a hole sufficiently
large to admit a man was made. It ' because of floods. In one colliery 69 the plant of the National Tube Com-
was then easy work to pass down the J were drowned, and loss of life is also panj at McKeospoit will be at
and the old Carnegie plan for
treasure into the tunnel and load it reported from many places, as well doned
a tube plant at Co.ineaut, O., re
into a boat. The robbers sprinkled as destruction of property.
red pepper in the tunnel to make
things as uncomfortable as possible
G< m urs Pledges Support
for anyone who might attempt to
President Gompers, of the American
All Union Mtn In the Employ of the Steel
Federation of Labor, war closeted
There were four fine gold bricks in
Trust Are Called Out-
with the advisory board of the Amal
the vault which the robbers looted.
gamated Association for more than
Each was 10 inches long, five inches
three hours. This evening he gave
wide and four inches in height.
out the following statement:
In addition to this there was stolen
"Since the arrival of Secretary Mor
from the bullion vault crude gold in steel trust and the thousands of men rison, of the American Federation of
all shapes and sizes, and some of it in
Labor, and myself, we have been in
Amalgamated Association of Iron, almost
continual conference with the
bars of different lengths.
Steel <fc Tin Workers is fairly on. advisory board of the Amalgamated
The long talked of general strike Association of Iron. Steel and Tin
PROTOCOL NOT SIGNED.
order has been issued by President Workers. We made a thorough in
I Shaffer, to take effect after the last vestigation of the present strike, of
England Delays Settlement of the Chinese turn of the mills August 10.
What the causes which led to the strike,
the result will be no man can fore the present situation of the country,
and wre unhesitatingly declare our
Pekin, Aug. 8.—The foreign min tell, but, judging by the expressed judgment that the position of the
determination of both parties to the Amalgamated Association is absolute
isters had arranged to sign the settle controversy, the battle will be waged
ly justified and essential to its con
ment protocol today, but the British to the very last ditch. Much money tinuance
and effectiveness as a union
minister, Sir Ernest Satow, yesterday will be lost, thousands upon thous of the workers in the trade, as well as
evening notified his colleagues that ands of men will be idle, great suffer the protection of the rights and in
of its members.
Great Britain was unable to sign. ing is looked for, and even bloodshed terests
“Organized labor advances or re
He cave no reasons and the meeting
never stands still. It, there
The strike includes practially all cedes,
fore, follows that if the trust, by its
was indefinitely postponed.
Amalagmated men in the United great
wea’th, can prevent the exten
Mr. Rockhill and Mr. Mumm von States Steel Corporation’s employ not sion and
growth of the Amalgamated
have telegraphed now on strike.
Association, it encompasses its dis
integration and destruction. The only
Chang Chih Tung and Liu Kun Yi,
FRANCE AND THE PORTE.
powers then standing between the
the Hankow and Nankin viceroys,
trust and the workers as a protector
requesting them to use their influ
are the tender mercies of its directors.
French Ambassador at Constantinople Is
Against such a calamity the sense of
ence with the government not to
Said to Have Demanded Recall.
justice and humanity revolt, and
raise objections to the protocol. All
it we s lemnly protest.
the ministers of the powers except
Paris, Aug. 8.—The foreign office against
“We shall stand by the Amalga
Sir Ernest Satow are anxious to finish here refuses either to confirm or deny mated
tn the present con
up the business. The British delay the advices from Constantinople say flict to Association
the fu 1 extent of our power,
is not explained, and causes some ing the French Ambassador there, M. both morally and financially; wc shall
General Voyron, the I Constans, has handed over the ques aid in every lawful way the men on
French commander, and his staff, tion of the right of a French com strike or who may come out on str'A:o
have departed, and the French troops pany, known as the Quays company, to maintain the workers in »h i- rl ht
to enjoy rights claimed under a con to oreanlze aid the extension of their
London, Aug. 8. — Lord Lans vention with his government, at the organization.”
downe, the foreign secretary, reply same time recommending his own re
Philippine Imports of Silk.
ing in the house of lords today to a call and that the passports of the
WASHINGTON. Aug. 12—A com
question of Earl Spencer, Liberal, Turkish ambassador at Paris, Sahib
said the Chinese negotiations had re Bey, be delivered to him.
The parative statement giving the Lmports
cently made rapid and satisfactory Temps says there is reason to believe of silk manufactures In the Philip
The indemnity question the foreign office is considering the pines during the years of 1898. 1899
was disposed of, with the exception recall of M. Constans and giving the and 1900 has been prepared in the
of a few minor points. Great Britain Turkish ambassador his passports. Division of Insular Affairs of the War
was still in favor of the open door The Française thinks that instead of Department. The total imports of
throughout China. The foreign sec breaking diplomatic relations with manufacturers of silk into the Phil
retary also said that the final strength Turkey the French foreign office will ippines during the year 1900 amount
to $385.984, as against $183.000 for
of the legation guards at Pekin will suspend them by giving Constans an ed
1899, an increase in favor of 1900 of
probably be 1,800 men, and that an unlimited leave of absence. An im 111 per cent. The imports of this
additional force of 3,000 men will be mediate decision is impossible, as M. commodity from the United States,
distributed at important points along Celcasse and other cabinet officers are while comparatively small. Increased
from $361 in 1899 to $1,140 in 1900.
the route to the sea.
absent on their holiday vacations.
Victoria, B. C., Aug. 9.—Great
floods caused by the overflowing of
the Yangtze, have caused the death
of many thousands in China. The
river has risen 40 feet, and for hun
dreds of miles the country is a great
lake, with only the tops of trees and
an occasional roof showing.
Anking the town is flooded, some of
the houses to their roofs. At Kiu
Kiang, the native town is flooded,
and two feet of water stands in the
the river towards Wuliu, the destruc
tion was greater, and boatmen esti
mate that 20,000 were drowned in
that district. Chong Teh was wiped
away by the flood, and 10,000 were
drowned there and many other points
have been inundated, involving awful
loss of life and great destruction to
property. It was feared the embank
ments built by Chong Cheli Tung,
near Wu Chang, would break, and if
they did, the flood would drown
hundreds of thousands.
The Hong Kong police seized, in
house in Queen’s road. West, many
hundreds oi new Mausers, old ham
mer and needle guns, several hundred
revolvers and Chinese horse pistols
with ammunition of every kind and
reloading and recapping tools. A
Chinese junk owner said his vessel
had been chartered by Europeans to
land the arms secretly in Samai.
Industrious Robbers Loot Vault
Te Ward Off Bubonic Plague.
List Is Complete.
Victoire. B. C., Aug. 7.—On ac
count of the prevalence of bubonic
plague in Hong Kong, Dr. Watt,
superintendent of Williams Head
quarantine station, has received in
structions from Ottawa to use every
precaution in passing Orient steam
ers to prevent the introduction of the
disease here. All vessels arriving
are thoroughly fumigated before they
are allewed to come to the dock*.
Washington, Aug. 8.—The vacan
cy in the Schley court of inquiry
caused by the inability of Rear Ad- 1
mirai Kimberly to serve on ccount |
of ill health has been filled by the se- i
lection of Rear Admiral Henry L. !
Howison, whose appointment was an
nounced by Assistant Secretary Hack- ‘
At the same time it was
announced that this appointment
i would be agreeable to Admiral Schley.
Kruger's Mental Condition.
LONDON. Aug. 12 — A special dis
patch from Rotterdam says the men
tal condition of Mr. Kruger Is arous
ing serious apprehension. A special
ist in nervous diseases has beei sum
moned by telegraph from Berlin.
Drouth in Russie.
ST. PETERSBURG. Aug 12—The
continued drouth has extended the
area of crop damage, which includes
the Baltic provinces. In the West
Siberia and Volga provinces, an al
most total crop failure is expected.
Value of Irrigation.
The universal use of Irrigation In the
West lias practically revolutionized
farm values lu many regions. These
methods of supplying the crops with
water are many, but they all show an
amount of adaptation to conditions that
proves the exlsteuee of Yankee genius
here yet. There are more varieties of
windmills for pumping up water than
one could describe in a week. These
windmills are uot expensive affairs, but
in most cases are built of ordinary arti
cles picked up on the farm or in sec
ond-hand shops. They perform the
work required of them satisfactorily,
and that is all one cau ask of them.
Tlie construction of a good working
windmill on any farm, and a pumplug
attachment, with irrigation cauals and
reservoir, adds a hundred or two per
cent to the value of a farm In a region
where summer droughts are heavy
drawbacks to farming. With a little
extra work during the ivluter season
it is au easy matter to make such im
provements ou almost any farm. The
system can be enlarged and extended
CLOUDBURSTS IN UTAH.
season by season, and the farm grad
Caused Loss of Two Lives and Damaged ually enhanced la value.
A farm that lias a fair home-made ir
rigation plant Is practically independ
Salt Lake. Aug. 9.—Cloudbursts ent of the weather. The farmer is
and heavy rains in various parts of then sure of ills crop no matter how hot
Utah last night caused the loss of two or dry the season may prove. The great
lives and resulted in considerable lienetit derived from an irrigation plant
damage to railroad and other prop is so apparent that it seems strange
erty. Hundreds of miners are idle at that so few are in existence. It is not
Winter Quarters, the railroad tracks always necessary to build a windmill
being swept away, necessitating a i for irrigation, for there are often nat
temporary suspension of mine opera ural advantages which any farmer can
avail himself of. When brooks flow
At Ereka, Utah, the flood swept through farms they furnish In the win
through the principal street of the ter and spring seasons an abundance of
town, flooding cellars of business water, but when summer advances
houses and doing other damage. they often dry up and prove of no
Both the Rio Grande and the Short earthly good. The question of import
Line tracks were washed away for a ance is how can such a stream be con
considerable distance, causing a sus verted into use for irrigating the plants.
pension of traffic for several hours.
It would not !><• so difficult if a reser
A landslide near Morgan, Utah, de voir was dug and built on the farm, so
layed train service on the Union Pa that tlie water could be stored. Such a
cific for over four hours.
reservoir could easily lie increased In
Salt Lake’s water supply was great size each year, and with the water
ly curtailed today, owing to a land stored in it. what would prevent dig
slide in Parley’s Canyon, which sup ging ditches to carry tlie water to the
plies a portion of the city’s water.
fields when needed? Some will say
Shortly before midnight a severe that such work represents an Immense
electrical storm broke over the city, amount of labor; but If the farmer In
seriously interfering with the tele tends to live permanently on ills farm,
graph and telephone service. The will it not pay him to do a little toward
plant of the electric light company tlie Improvement each year, even
was disabled soon after the storm though It may take ten years to com
commenced, the city being left in plete the Job? He can rest assured that
he Is increasing the value of his farm
fully 10 per cent every year, a fact
MAY BE INVESTIGATED.
which he will realize when he cotnes
to sell it.—Professor James S. Doty,
Charges Likely to Be Made Against Judge
Humphreys, of Hawaii.
Washington, Aug. 9.—Judge A. H.
Humphreys, of the First circuit
United States court, Hawaii, today
had a conference with Attorney Gen
Some time ago the bar
association of Hawaii filed a com
plaint with Judge Humphreys, al
leging, among other things, arbitrary
and unjust treatment of members of
the ba* and specifying the arrest of
three well known attorneys upon a
charge of contempt of court.
sentence, however, was not executed,
and subsequently the accused were
pardoned by the governor On the
other hand, it is said a large number
of letters have been received here tes
tifying to the uprightness and integ
rity of Judge Humphreys, and other
testimony bearing upon the case is
expected very soon. It is expected
that the Bar Association of Hawaii
will follow its complaint by formal
charges and then the matter will be
taken up by the department of justice
and disposed of. It is intimated by
persons in a position to have know
ledge on the subject that the com
plaints against Judge Humphreys are
a result of the antagonism that has
existed for some time between the
new federal officials and the old
regime. Judge Humphreys will re
main some days.
Pouttrv Hon.i for L.rce Chicks.
When the chicks are about one-quar
ter grown and have left the mother
ben they should be provided with some
GOOD POULTRY HOUSB.
sort of a shelter for night use and for
use on stormy days. A coop for these
chicks may be built for very little
money. One side of the coop Is formed
by the side of a building or a fence,
ami at the lower end comes within
two Inches of the ground. The roof of
rough boards Is covered with tarred or
waterproof paper. An opening Is cut
In one side next to the fence or wall.
Inside, roosts are arranged, and in one
corner Is placed a dust bath. The roosts
will have to be put In before the roof
Is put on, as the house Is not designed
in any way so that one can even reach
Ordered to Colon.
the Inside except through the small
Washington, Aug. 9.—The navy de hole provided for the entrance of the
partment has ordered the gunboat chicks.
Machias, now at Boston, to proceed
Indigestion In Horses.
to Colon to look after American in
It Is difficult to give causes of Indi
terests there. This is in connection
with the reports of disturbances and gestion In horses, for it may come from
interruption of traffic at the isthmus. improper water, as from Improper
foods, although the latter are usually
The Brooklyn at Manila.
at the bottom of the trouble. A proper
Manila, Aug. 9.—The United States variety In the foods will do much to
cruiser Brooklyn flying the flag of keep the digestive organs In good con
Rear Admiral Remey, has arrived dition, particularly If In the variety
here from Australia, where the vessel there Is considerable green food of a
took part in the celebrations attend succulent nature, as most root crops
ing the opening of the first Austral are. When Indigestion la caused by
Improper water, It is usually the case
that the water la foul In some way,
Gold Strike in Georgia.
although very hard water often pro
Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 9.—Samples of duces Indigestion, or, what Is worse,
ore, accompanied by attested affida stone in the kidney or bladder, the lat
vits, have been received in Atlanta ter being a disease quite common
showing a remarkably rich strike of among horses in districts where the
gold in Wilks county, near Washing water Is hard. If the food Is of the
proper kind and hard water Is being
used, attention should be given It be
To Save the Vermont
fore a valuable animal Is lost. If pos
New York, Aug. 8.—According to sible. give rain water, but If this Is not
the Tribune the latest proposition convenient add a small quantity of
concerning the old training ship caustic potash to the hard water, which
Vermont, which comes as a result of a will materially Improve It.
number of protests to the navy de
Feed Instead of Breed.
partment against the conversion, on
The famous dairy expert. Black-
sanitary grounds, of the old boat into well, once gave ten rules for the care
junk, is to establish a naval museum of dairy cows, and of thia numtier six
or trophy room. The room now used referred In some manner to the feed
as a museum is small and it is need given them, showing that. In his mind
ed for offices.
at least, feed was much more import
ant than anything else in the handllac
of the dairy. Much complaint is being
made by dairymen that some of
their, cows are not profltable, and
while, In many eases, the trouble
is due entirely to some poor In
dividuals In the herd which may be
discovered by weighing the milk of
each cow aud keeping a record of It,
there la no doubt but that poor feeding
Is at the bottom of the trouble In many
cases. It is frequently found that an
animal which Is a loss lu the hands of
Brown Is profitable when Jones gets
bqld of the cow. In such cases It is
evident that the method of feeding or
the foot! Itself was wrong In the first
case. Dairymen who are complaining
of their cows and thinking of bringing
about Improvement by changing the
breed will do well to study the ques
tion of feed anil see If they are not
makiug some mistakes In that direc
Four Horse Kvener.
A correspondent sends to Iowa
Homestead a sketch of a four horse
evener for a binder which, he says. Is
tn almost universal use
In Ills section of the
country: Take a com
mon evener off from
your disk, buy a 15-
cent pulley and about
ten feet of stout rope
or chain, which will
cover all the expense.
Take a piece of 2 by
6 and bolt on tongue
A FOUR HOUSE EVENER.
with one bolt where the evener goes to
serve as prop for the evener, pass the
rope through the pulley and tie on each
end of the evener. This gives free
play to both sides of the evener. There
is no side draft, but put the heaviest
team on the outside. This device can
be used on either a right or left hand
binder and gives perfect satisfaction.
The illustration Is self explanatory.
There should also be a clevis from tlie
center of the evener to fasten the even
er to the outer end of the prop.
Protect the Farm Well.
Tests made at experiment stations
show that water from farm wells is
frequently contaminated with some Im
purity drawn from surrounding stables,
pens, etc., nnd a lack of drainage to
carry off surface water. Wash and
dishwater, both filled with animal mat
ter, Is thrown around the house, year
In and out, until the ground Is alive
with the poison, which eventually finds
Its way Into the well. The fields are
tiled to produce healthy nnd abundant
crop life, but seldom»ls a tile or ditch
put down around the house to protect
When the water begins to run low In
the well that Is not driven below rock.
Is the time to begin to boll It for drink
ing purposes. Heat of water or sun
destroys the typhoid bacillus. Enough
water should be boiled at a time to
allow It to stand several hours before
drinking. It la the heat driving the air
out of It makes It so sickening to taste.
In a few hours the air will again get
Into It and restore the taste. Put It In
jugs, and set the Jugs upon the cellar
floor, or In a cave prepared for this pur
If you have lee, put It around the vea-
sels, but never In them. There are high
and specialized forms of life that Ice
will not kill, and some of the lower
forms It preserves In all force, it seems.
The contents of slop bowls from the
room of the patient sick with typhoid
had. If the sun Is shining hot, better
by far be thrown upon the ground than
burled. A log heap Is the proper dis
infectant In these cases, kept burning
night and day as long ns there Is any
thing from the sick room to throw Into
Imperfect I turn Bloeeom«.
Fruit growers have met with a diffi
culty In the successful cultivation of
the native plum In the fact that soma
varieties are self-sterile; that In, they
do uot fertilize themselves. Isolated
trees and large orchards of Wild Goos«
aud Miner have proved ally bearers,
while when planted Intermingled with
other varieties blooming at the sumo
time nnd furnishing an abundance of
pollen they have borne many crops.
Hence It Is Important to determine the
most suitable list of varieties for an
orchard so as to Insure the most perfect
pollenation of all the blossoms. New
man Is considered a good pollenlzer for
Wild Goose, while De Soto. Wolf, and
Forest Garden are regarded as good
fertilizers for Miner. Isolated trees of
the self-sterile varieties may tie made
fruitful by top grafting some of the
limbs with suitable varieties, or by
planting trees of these sorts adjacent.
Mixed planting of self-fertile and Im
portant varieties In hedge-llke rows or
In alternate rows Is now advocated and
practiced by our best growers. Some
growers prefer to confine their choice
of varieties to those that are self-sterile.
A good dairy thermometer costs less
than $1. and tons of butter go Into the
grease vats every year liecause thou
sands of farmers’ wives do not use a
thermometer In churning. A noted dairy
Instructor once told the writer that he
firmly believed that the avenge prlceof
all the butter sold In the United Statea
could be Increased at least 2 cents per
pound In two years If the thermometer
was u»ed at every churning and the
cream churned at the proper tempera
ture.—Land and a Living.