Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1901)
m pon um up
All San Francisco’s Water-Front
Workers Join in Strike.
NOT A BOAT CAN BE LOADED OR MOVED
Over 25,000 Men Are Now Out—A Gigantic
Struggle for Principles Between Em
ployers and the Unions.
San Francisco, Aug. 1.—The labor
trouble in this city reached a crisis
yesterday, and as a result maritime
traffic and labor along shore are at a
standstill and industry is almost en
The order for a general walkout of
the City Front Federation was made
effective this morning. The federa
tion comprises 14 unions and organiz
ations, with a full membership of
Three thousand of
these men are employed at sea or in
■other cities, and the strike order does
not apply to them until they return
to San Francisco. Twelve thousand
men obeyed the order today.
These unions which have just went
out, with the others already out, will
make a total of over 25,000 union
•workingmen who have stopped labor
since the middle of May.
The following resolution was adopt
ed by the federation.
“The full membership of the City
Front Federation refuses to work at
the docks of San Francisco, Oakland,
Port Costa and Mission Rock. The
steamers Bonita and Walla Walla,
with mail and passengers, now in the
stream, will be allowed to go to sea.”
When the news of the action of the
federation was sent to the various
headquartres of the unions, it was
greeted with cheers.
When the order to walk out went
into effect, all the big shipping com
panies, with one exception, were left
without a union man. By a special
agreement entered into some time
ago between the Pacific Coast Steam-
•ship Company and the Firemen’s
union, firemen remained on the ves
sels of that corporation. Three coast
ing steamers, a ship and a schooner
were the only vessels that went to
Union Principle at Stake.
It is claimed by the officers of all
the organizations involved that the
strike is not purely an expression of
sympathy with the union teamsters
■or any other body of workers who are
in dispute with their employers, but
is a taking up of the gauntlet thrown
down by the Employers’ Association.
In other words, the City Front Feder
ation is determined to defend the !
principle of unionism which the asso
ciated employers have announced
their intention to crush out.
Both sides seem determined to
carry the fight on, and ajl efforts on
the part of the mayor and others to
bring about a conciliatory settlement
have thus far proved unavailing. It
is reported authoritatively that seve
ral of the larger wholesale houses will
close down until the strike is settled.
Members of the Employres’ Associa
tion stated that they have fully con
sidered the cost of the strike and are
prepared to meet it. The steamship
managers will hold a meeting today
to consider their course.
not members of the Employers’ Asso
ciation, but will act in harmony with
it. They express the opinion that
they will be able to move ocean going
vessels, but will not discuss their
EDICT OF THE EMPEROR.
Chinese Foreign Office Is to Be Reorganized
and Advanced in Rank.
Pekin, Aug. 1.—The edict of the
emperor providing for the reorganiz
ation of the Chinese foreign office
has been received here. Its tone and
substance satisfy the ministes of the
The edict coincides with
their demands in the matter, formu
lated by the t’nited States special
commissioner, Mr. Rockhill, as a
condition of peace.
The edict de
clares that foreign affairs will here
after be the most important business
of the government, gives the foreign
office precedence over the six old
boards that previously outranked it.
and provides for the reception of the
ministers in the hall which here
tofore has been entered by only near '
relatives of the emperor.
It also |
provides for the entertainment of the
ministers by the emperor at occasional
The German minister, Dr. Mumm
von Schwarzenstein, is engaged in
drafting a protocol providing for the
punishment of Chinamen guilty of
participating in the Boxer movement.
A feature of this is that the number
of culprits has dwindled from 160
men originally named to 54. This is
due to the fact that in the majority
of the cases it has been found impos
sible to prove the guilt of the accused.
Affairs of Commission Wound Up.
Paris, Aug. 1. — Benjamin. D.
Woodward, assistant commissioner
of the United States at the Paris ex
position has wound up the affairs of
the commission and sails for New
York from Cherbourg Saturday on
the American liner St. Louis
Woodward was received in farewell
audience today by President Loubet,
who referred feelinlgv to the splendid
part taken by the United States in
the Paris exposition.
Olmypia, Wash., Aug. 1.—Survey
or General Kingsbury has received
Binger Hermann, at Washington, D.
C., to advertise for bids for the sur- |
vey of the Quinalt reservation in Che
halis county. The reservaiton, when
Seen as Allied Force« Leave, Which
surveyed, will be about 10 townships,
Will Be About August 15.
or between 225,400 and 250,000 acres,
which is to be thrown ojien for settle
ment, presumably in homesteads,
Pekin, Aug. 5.—The protocol com
after the survey is completed and ap mittee of the ministers of the powers
have virtually finished the draft, and
For several years various people submitted the same for approval to
have been working by petition with the other ministers. All questions
the federal government to have the will be signed in the course of a few
reservation thrown open, but the days, unless there should lie some dis
order for its survey comes somewhat agreement as to the phraseology, re
as a surprise, it not being expected so sembling the discussion that arose
soon. On this reserve there are about over the word "irrevocable” in the
200 Indians, and each one of these early stages of the negotiations.
will be alloted 80 acres for a home Should such a hitch occur the sign
stead. All the rest will be open for ing may be indefinitely postponed.
settlement through the United States
Sanctioned by Foreign Ministers.
land office at Olympia.
It will, in all probability, take sev
Berlin, Aug. 5.—A dispatch re
eral years for the completion of the ceived here today from Pekin says the
survey and its approval by the United
States general land office at Washing- ; foreign ministers have sanctioned
ton. Bids will be advertised for at the marching in of a division of
once, and let during the month of ' 3,000 Chinese troops to a camp situ
August, after which, according to ' ated a few li from Pekin about August
Surveyor General Kingsbury's inten 8, preparatory to the evacuation of
tion, work will be rushed so that as I the Chinese capital by the allied
much as possible will be finished this I troops on August 15.
The minimum time in i
German Squadron From China.
which the survey will be completed is '
placed at 18 months, with a maxi- I Cadiz, Aug. 5.—The German squad
mum of three or four years.
ron from China arrived here today.
Rear Admiral Geissler and his cap
OFFICERS MUST NOT TALK.
tains repaired on board the flag ship
of Prince Henry of Prussio. Prince
Enjoined From Making Public Statements Re Henry, in the name of Emperor
William, warmly welcomed the re
garding Schley Case.
turning officers in a brief speech. The
Washington, Aug. 1.—Secretary | squadron of Rear Admiral Geissler
Long has issued the following general and the one commanded by Prince
Henry of Prussia, which arrived some
“All persons in the naval service | days ago, will remain here for sev
are strictly enjoined to refrain from eral days.
British Evacuation of Pekin-
any public statement concerning the
subject matter of the court of inquiry
London, Aug. 5. — The under
requested by Rear Admiral W. S. secretary of the foreign office, Lord
Cranbourne, in the house of com
Secretary Long stated that if com mons today, announced that the offi
plaint against the language used in | cial date fixed for the evacuation of
the fifth specicffaton of the precept to j Pekin by the British troops was
the Schley court of inquiry was offi August 15, subject to a few days’ ex
cially made to him by Admiral tension, if necessary. The evacua
Schley, he would give the matter con tion of the other portions of China
sideration and the language might be depended on circumstances.
LOOKING FOR WAY OUT.
MADE BRITISH RUN.
San Francisco Employer« and Labor
Guns—All Day Fight.
The Late John Flake, Noted American
Historian and Lecturer,
Prof. John Fiske, the noted American
Terms of Peace With China Now historian ami lecturer, who died recent-
'jr at East Gloucester, Mass, was a re
In Hands of Ministers.
markable man. He
was born in Hart-
ford. Conn., In 1842,
GERMAN SQUADRON IS RETURING HOME
and began the
study of Latin
ChlasM Troop« Waiting to Return to Pekin ai
when only 6 years
B xrt Nearly Captured
A MANY-SIDED GENIUS.
Confer—Strike May Be Called Off.
had read Rollin,
~s h a~^ '
Josephus and Gold-
i * bof . fiske .
smith's Greece. Be
fore he was 8 he had read the whole
of Shakspeare and a good deal of Mil
ton, Bunyan and Pope. He began Greek
at 9. By 11 he had read Gibbon. Rob
ertson and Prescott, and most of Frois
sart. and at the same age wrote from
memory a chronological table from
1000 B. C. to 1820 A. D„ tilling a quarto
blank book of sixty pages. At 13 he
had read all the great Latin writers
and at the same age had gone through
Euclid, plane and spherical trigonom
etry, surveying and navigation, and an
alytic geometry, and was well on Into
the differential calculus. At 15 he could
read Plato and Herodotus at sight and
was beginning German. Within the
next year he was keeping his diary in
Spanish and was reading French, Ital
ian and Portuguese. He began Hebrew
at 17 and took up Sanskrit the next
year. Meanwhile be was delving in sci
ence, getting his knowledge from books
and not from his laboratory or the field.
He averaged twelve hours’ study daily,
twelve months In the year, before he
was 16, and afterward nearly fifteen
hours daily, working with persistent
energy; yet he maintained the most ro
bust health and entered with enthusi
asm into out of door life.
In 1865 he graduated from the Har
vard Law School. He had already be
gun to write for magazines and re
views, and soon depended on bis pen to
support himself and the wife he had
married while in the law school. His
studies of philosophy led to his giving a
course of lectures on Positive Philoso
phy at Harvard in 1869. and the follow
ing year he was an instructor in history
there. From 1872 to 1879 be was assist
ant librarian of the college. Since 1879
lie liad been a member of the Board of
Overseers of the university. Since 1884
he had tilled a non-resident professor
ship of American history in Washing
ton University. St. Louis.
It was as a public lecturer on histori
cal themes that Prof. Fiske became
most widely known, both in this coun
try and In Great Britain. In both his
tory and philosophy he contributed
many works of permanent literary
I’rof. Fiske disregarded the usual
rules of health. He always sat in a
draught when he could find one and
worked in a temperature of from 55 to
60 degrees. He worked the greater por
tion of the twenty-four hours and night
and flay were alike to him. He ate
whenever he was hungry, disregarding
meal hours. He rarely drank wine, but
w O l T reading
Hntne-Ma le Milk Cooler.
On every dairy farm, large or small,
there should be some arrangement
made for cooling the milk. The Illus
tration shows a home-made milk cool
er which has been in operation on a
large dairy farm for several years. The
size cau be varied accordlug to circum
A shows the little box In
which the Ice is placed. Tills Is hinged
at the end so that the cover can be
thrown entirely back and not Interfere
in any way with the person who is
putting in the Ice. B shows the height
in the box to which tlie water can go
before it reaches the overflow pipe
which goes out of the box Into a
trough, shown at C. and thence is enr-
rled to an.v point desired. This over-
flow pipe is a piece of rubber hose.
The larger box In which the cans of
milk are set has a cover on either side
that are to go to market as soon at
they are large enough will need a ilb-
eral quantity of cracked corn and
wheat placed In a trough where they
cau get at It easily; do this every other
day. The chicks will not over-eat for
they will get enough exercise on the
range to counterbalance any heavy
feeding. The grains named, together
with what the chicks will pick up on
the range, will constitute nearly a per
fect balanced ration.
Filling the Hilo.
It used to be thought that rapid fill
ing of the silo was all Important. It
must be filled so fast that no layer of
fodder could wilt before It was covered
with another, and thus the fermenta
tion beginning at the bottom must
gradually work up through the mas*
until it reached tlie surface, where oxi
dization or rotting began, which again
worked downward until the decayed
matter on the surface prevented any
more air from going down. Naturally
we accepted this Idea, as It was sent
out by learned chemists and selentlfla
men, but opinions have changed since
those days In the light of positive facts.
The farmers who have not been able
to fill their silos as rapidly as they
wished to, or have been obliged to
wait for help, for weather or for some
later field to attain maturity, or those
who from lack of facilities for rapid
handling have been obliged to fill slow
ly, have found that their ensilage was
In no way Inferior to that which was
all put In practically at one time, or
without pause excepting for the night’s
rest. And some have learned that it
does not Injure It If a part of the water
In It dries out before It Is cut The
moisture Is enough unless the fodder
has become dry before cutting by rea
son of being overripe, suffering from
drought, or being frost-bitten. Either
of these causes may make fodder so
dry that It will be benefited by a wet
ting before It Is pressed Into thp silo.—
New England Homestead.
The Colorado Beetle.
If those who desire to kill the beetle«
and slugs on their potato and tomato
ROOD MILK COOLKH.
of tlie Ice chest, these covers being vines would mix their parts green
raised and thrown back against the lee with an equal amount of slaked lime,
chest when open. The cans of milk are or one pound of It to two pounds of
placed In this large box In the water.— land plaster, and dust the vines with
the mixture wtien they are a llttlo
damp from dew or rain, they would de
For Deatroyin« Grasshoppers.
stroy the Insects better thnn they do by
By all odds the best method for de spraying with the parts green in water.
stroylug grasshoppers after they be* The poison would not wash off as eas
come half grown Is the use of tbe
— ily In a shower, and It would be easy to
"hopper dozer,” or kerosene pan. which . tell when It washed off, without wait
is shown herewith. This is made of | ing to learn it by seeing the vines half
stovepipe Iron by turuing up the sides eaten up and no slugs killed. The lime
and ends about four Inches so as to or plaster would, like the lime In Bor
make a long, flat pan about four Inches deaux mixture, prevent Injury to the
in depth. This is then mounted on foliage, and they are also supposed to
runners varying in height according to have some effect in preventing blight.
requirements. On tlie frame back of In the days before the Colorado beetle
the pan is stretched a piece of cloth to! came around almost every farmer used
prevent the Insects from Jumping over to put plaster on his pototo and squash
the pan. When ready to begin work,1 vines, first to keep off the little striped
the pan is partially filled with water, ■quash or cucumber bug. next to pre
and some coal oil Is added. If the vent blight, and not least because It
ground Is level, no crosspieces are nec- ’ wns supposed to attract moisture to the
essnry, but if the pan is to be used on hill. Probably the fact was that it ab
sloping ground it should be made as in sorbed some of the ammonia that was
dicated in tlie Illustration to prevent escaping from the “shovelful of ma
the oil and water from running to one nure in the hill.” which most of them
end. The height of the runners will used for growing potatoes, and they
necessarily vary from two to eight or used to talk about growing "a peck in
ten InclieRj according to the crop to be a hill” then, but we never saw such a
protected nncl the age of the Insects to bill.
be captured. The machine may be of
San Francisco, Aug. 5.—Confer
Durban, Natal, Aug. 1.—Details ences have been held today with a
received here of what seemed at first 1 view of bringing the pending local
to be a skirmish, between the Boers strikes to a close. While no appre
and a British column near Mauta, | ciable result has l>een gained, Mayor
July 28, shows that an all day fight ! Phelan, who is laboring hard to bring
occurred, in which the British nar-1 about an adjustment, expresses con
rowly escaped the loss of a gun of the fidence that the controversy will end
Sixty-seventy field battery.
Four ' within a week. Labor leaders and
A WOflAN BLACKSHITH.
hundred Boers repeatedly rushed the
British position. Two British offi prominent merchants are alike hope
James Gilson, of Gardner. Me.,
ful that tomorrow at the latest will
cers and five men were killed.
see peace restored, and the striking is lier husband’s assistant in his black
workmen will return to their former smith shop. She fills a man’s place at
ffow Boer« in the Field Get New«.
the forge, and her prowess at the anvil
Lonndon, Aug. 1.—IIow Boers in
Mayor Phelan has in his possession is known for miles. As she appears on
the field get news is explained by dis a letter from the City Front Federa
patches to the Daily Mail from Lou- tion asking for more light upon feat
renco Marquez and Amsterdam, from ures of the terms of peace upon which
which it appears that the Boers main the employers insist.
tain a regular service of dispatch
riders. Cables are receievd and filed Association and numerous confer
ences held. Whatever decision is
at Lourenco Marquez.
reached will not directly affect the
striking iron workers, who are not
Chicago Machinists’ Strike Is Over.
included in the City Front Federa
Chicago. Aug. 1.—Local officials of tion of unions.
The new features of the day in
the local organization of machinists
announced today that the strike in volved Oriental labor. The Japanese
Labor Union voluntarily called upon
Chicago was practcally over, and that Japanese employed on the water front
the nine hour day, so far as this city to stand in with the strikers, and
was concerned, has been firmly estab the Chinese crew of the steamer
lished. Seventy-seven firms, out of Coptic was prohibited from working
a total of 95, have conceded the de ashore by the Federal authorities, in
▲ HOI’PKR DOZKR.
mands of the union, while 18 firms, pursuance of the exclusion act. In
any length desired up to sixteen or
some of which have not resumed response to a protest by labor leaders
If small, it can be
operations, are still standing out. that the Chinese crew of the Coptic the street or at her place in church no eighteen feet.
The officials say 1,500 men have re was doing work ashore,
Chief one would suppose that she was a wom drawn by band, but when larger a
turned to work under union condi Chinese Inspecotr Dunn received an of sinew, lint her bleeps are so de horse or two Is desirable. When full,
tions, leaving about 500 still fighting instructions from Assistant Secretary veloped that she is capable of swinging the insects can be removed, a little
Taylor and Commissioner Powderly tlie heaviest hummer in the shop with more oil added and the machine start
to order the crew back to the Coptic ease. She was born in Calais iu 1872, l'd afresh. In this way a number of
bushels of hoppers can be captured and
and to prevent and further infrac and has been married twelve.
Brunswick at Port Townsend.
; destroyed in a single day. The cost of
tions of the law.
Port Townsend, Wash., Aug. 1.—
Eight or nine vessels were working Tenacity of Purpose Brings Hucccss. running this machine is trifling and the
The steam schooner Brunswick ar on the water front today, an increase
in scarcely anything do we need wis remedy very effectual. — Nebraska
rived last evening, 18 days from Nome over yesterday. At the Pacific mail dom more than in the matter of influ | Farmer.
via Dutch Harbor, having in tow the dock the remainder of the freight and encing tlie nature of our children's ac
Alfalfa for Horae*.
disabled steamer Ruth.
The Bruns baggage was placed aloard the Coptic, tivity. Indeed, with children who are Concerning the action of alfalfa hay
aide and clever, advice and Influence
wick brought down 27 passengers. and she left on schedule time.
must be Indirect rather than personal. j on horses, a farmer says In Breeder's
The voyage was made without inci
Put opportunities in their way and then j Gazette: For more than fifteen years
dent, the weather being favorable
I have had experience in raising horses
during the entire run down.
New York, Aug. 5.—It is stated at leave them to themselves. In order to from birth to sale, from youth to age,
the Brooklyn navy yard that the idea
m alfalfa pasture and hay. except may
of destroiyng the old frigate Vermont, er of ¡»erslstency It is well to interimse be giving them some variety in winter,
An Alleged Gigantic Swindle.
slight obstacles in their path once in
Chicago, Aug. 1. — George H. which for the past 40 yeais has done a while. Tenacity of purpose is the bed consisting of corn fodder and straw.
duty there as a receiving and training
Phillips, the corn king, today report ship, has been abandoned. All that rock of success in any career, and we All animals and man like a variety In
ed to the postal authorities his discov is of value on the vessel will be re- j want to find out if our child has It. diet. I feed no grain except to horses
In harness, and my horses are noted for
ery of an alleged attempt at a gigan moved and the hull preserved as a If he returns again and again to a their size, strength and beauty. I sold
tic swindle. The country, Mr. Phil
two Percheron eolts In March, 3 and 4
lips told the inspector, has been made of the ship will be decided by J tracted. and patiently conquers diffi years old, weighing 1,700 and 1,800
flooded with circulars emanating from the authorities at Washington. At culties. we may be sure that he Is made pounds, that did not know the taste of
New York, asking for subscriptions present she is infested with water of the right stuff. It augurs well for grain. I have wintered horsea from
to a 12,000,000 fictitious pool for a bugs and fleas, and is believed to\ the destiny of a child If he dries his the city, aa many as twenty-five at
tears after a mishap and seta to work tltnea, exclusively on alfalfa to the per
deal in September corn.
to repair the disaster. When he grows fect satisfaction of the owners. I have
Mr«. Nation Pardoned.
up and fronts the greater failures of never noticed nor known any Injurious
Nicaragua Friendly to America.
Topeka, Kan., Aug. 1.—Mrs. Car
Managua, Nicaragua, Aug. 5.—The life he will not be one of those who effect from well cured, good hay cut
rie Nation, who is serving a sentence congress of Nicaragua assembled to is continually calling out upon his "bad at first bloom.
in the county jail here for joint night, when President Zelava read a luck.” Instead of attempting to mend It
— Woman's Home Companion.
smashing, was today pardoned by
Feeding Half-Grown Chick*.
Governor Stanley. She would not at message advocating the Monroe doc
The usual custom of turning young
first accept the pardon, because the trine, welcoming the assistance of the
a love affair. “It's my heart” chicks on to the range to shift for them
fine and costs were not remitted, but United States against European col about
said; “I reckon I have a right ■elves as soon as they are large enough
afterward decided to do so. The onization in South America, and set to do what
to leave their mother Is not conducive
I please with It”
county commissioners will allow her ting forth that Nicaragua ia anxious
to the best results. For chicks that
to pay the fine and costa, amounting for the construction of the Nicaragua
There Is nothing equal to a good op are to form the layers In the late fall
to |150, in installments of |5 a
era for sharpening the feminine appe and winter this plan will do very well
canal by tne United States.
If they are grain fed once a day Chlcka
Evolution of the Apple.
Apples are new In the economy of th*
world’s use and taste. At the begin
ning of the last century few varieties
were known, and we can go back in
history to a time when all apples were
little, sour nml puckery—crab apples
and nothing else. Tlie crab apple wa«
and Is In Its wildness nothing but a
rosebush. Away back In time the wild
rose, with Its pretty blossoms that turn
to little red balls, apple flnvored, and
the thorny crab had the same grand
General Farm Note*.
Dig out the peach tree borers and Jar
Bono Is the thing to use on pench
trees every time, says one grower.
In orchards badly Infested with can
kerworm Into spraying with some form
of arsenic, which is most safely used In
bordeaux mixture, may do good if the
worm 1» still feeding.
Cultivate the sweet potato ridges af
ter rains to break tlie crust and keep
the aotl mellow. Making the ridges
naryow the last cultivation will cause
them to mature early.
For field culture for the canneries
good strong tomato plants should be
ready for the field from the middle to
the latter part of June, the time which
they are usually set In New Jersey and
A great deal depends upon how wat
er Is put on. If you begin your Irriga
tion before It is very dry. you don’t
need so much water, but If you let your
ground get very dry and then put on
your water you need a great deal mor«
Often on the farm, harvest or thrash*
Ing hands find If ImiMissible to be at
home for dinner, and It Is a vexing
problem how to haul dinner on th«
wagon without jolting It Into a mush.
If the dinner bucket is placed In a
grain sack, anil each end of the sack :«
booked or fastened in some way under
the hay rigging, so that the sack will
hang loosely, swing back and forth,
the dinner will jar very little, though
carried on the wagon all the forenoon