Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1900)
THE HEART OF THE TREE.
What does he plant who plants a tree?
He plants a friend of sun and sky;
H <• plants the Hag of breezes free;
The shaft of beauty towering high;
He plants a home to heaven auigh
For song and mother-croon of bird
In hushed and happy twilight heard—
The treble of heaven’s harmony—
Tbf.-e things he [Hants who plants a tree.
What does lie plant who plants a tree?
He plants cool shade and tender rain,
And seed and bud of days to be,
And years that fade and Hush again;
He plant* the glory of the plain;
He plants the forest’s heritage,
The harvest of the coming age,
The joy that unborn eyes shall see—
These things he plants who plants a tree.
What does he plant who plants a tree?
He plants, in sap anil leaves and wood,
In love of home and loyalty.
And far-i-Hst thought of civil good —
His blessing on the neighborhood
Who in the hollow of his hand
Holds all the growth of all our land—
A nation's growth from sea to sea
Stirs in his heart who plants a tree.
A CULINARY TRIUMPH.
HEX Dorothy Griswold, after
a brief but blissful courtship,
beentue Mrs. Philip Marston, it
seemed to her that life could bold uo
more of happiness. But, alas, a cloud
appeared on the sky of eouuubial bliss
which increased in dimensions and
density every day. The fact of the
mailer Is this: Dorothy could not
cook not a little bit. Like too many
of the girls of the present period, she
was educated in anything and every
thing but the one .thing needful to a
housekeeper whose husband is a clerk
in a Chicago department store.
Dorothy awoke from her dream of
bliss to a realizing sense of her de
Uclencies. She discovered that burnt
steak, muddy coffee, soggy biscuit, und
dried-1111 roasts were not exactly the
right sort of fuel with which to feed
the flickering flame of domestic love.
1'hlllp was too much of a gentleman to
Indulge In unkind or sarcastic speeches
to the bride cf a few mouths, but he
lost his bright spirits, became serious
mid preoccupied in his manner, lost
his appetite, mid, horrors, began to get
Dorothy became anxious anil worried
him nearly to death with her solicitude.
When, one morning lie nunouueed to
her that Ids firm desired him to go to
SCENES IN THE WHEAT COUNTRY
F scarcely keep her face straight when
I Philip, carving the tender, Juicy roast
as If iu a dream, stared at the beauti
ful, snowy bread and the welj-cooked
vegetables iu amazed wonder.
His spirits rose visibly. By the time
all were served and be beheld bis
Cousin Jack attacking the viands be
fore him with great zest, his happiness
was complete. His relief was so great
when the dessert arrived that he be
came almbst hilarious In his apprecia
tion of bls cousin's Jokes and Dorothy’s
witty responses. He tried in vain to
eatcli her eye. She resolutely avoided
"You are the strangest fellow I ever
came across, Phil,” declared his plain-
spoken cousin, when Sinner was nearly
over. "You were as glum as a deaths-
bead before» dinner. Who could Im
agine that a full stomach would make
such a difference?” at which Philip
flushed guiltily and Dorothy laughed
When Jack was leaving he said,
heartily: "Cousin Dorothy, you are a
prime housekeeper. Phil Is a lucky dog
to get such a wife. Almost thou per
suades! me to become a benedict.”
"Do It,” said Phil, with ills arm
thrown across bls wife's shoulders and
Ids face glowing with pride and affec
tion “If you can find another like
Dolly.” and Jack went his way, de
lighted with his visit.
"What a hypocrite you are, Philip?’
cried Dorothy, her face bidden on her
husband s breast. “But you needn't
get your breakfast down-town any
more. I can cook lots of things"—she
was sobbing now—“b-b-beefsteak and
b-b-bacon and m-m-mu-muffins and—”
"Some Infernal fool had to tell you
that, 1 suppose,” growled Philip, with
his head laid on her yellow pompadour.
"I swear I'll never do it any more,
"You won't need to,” cried his wife,
triumphantly, lifting a tear-stained but
beaming face so near his that 1m did
what uuy young husband worthy the
name would do in bls place.—from
Whut to Eat.
tng. Indeed, was full of time-consuming
details, and in the end neither party
to a trade was likely to be satisfied.
As a consequence, the State govern
ment, or, In some primary markets, the
local chamber of commerce, stepped iu,
and assumed charge of the whole sys
tem of grading and inspection: and
now no portion of the great wheat bus
iness moves with more ease and effi
ciency, a degree of care and accuracy
simply amazing to the outsider being
At present the four great wheat ele-
vator centers are Minneapolis, Duluth.
Chicago and Buffalo. Iu the last-uumed
city some of the elevators have a stor
age capacity of from 100,900 to 2.500.-
OOO bushels, some of them built of steel, X
operated by electricity from Niagara
Falls, protected from tire by pneu
matic water systems, and having com
plete machinery for cleaning, drying
aud scouring tlie wheat, wheu that is
The elevators are provided with so-
called "legs," long spouts, containing
moving bucket-belts, which are lowered
into the hold of a grain laden vessel.
Here the wheat is shoveled by grimy
workmen, toiling in a cloud of dust,
into the pathway of huge stear-i »"ov
éis. which, in turn, draw the yellow
load—it looks from above like so much
sand—to the ends of the "legs." where
the buckets seize it and carry it up
wards into the elevator, and distribute
it among the various bins. A cargo of
ISo.tMM) bushels can thus be unloaded
In a few hours, while legs on the other
side of the elevator will reload it into
cars, six at a time in five minutes, or in
an hour till a canal boat.
The cost of all these operations has
been reduced to a ridiculously low fig
ure—the entire work of unloading,
storing and reloading rarely adding
more than one cent to the price of a
bushel of wheat.
Carriage to Seaboard.
BEAUTIFUL FEET ARE RARE.
I’reseii t-!>n y Footwear Bistorts the Ex
The transportation of wheat from the
West to the seaboard is a business of
almost inconceivable magnitude. It
means millions of dollars a year to
railroad and ship owuers. and duriug
the rush season of the late fall, so great
is the demand for transportation that
shippers find difficulty iu obtaining
enough ears and vessels.
Most of the wheat of the Northwest
uow goes by way of the lakes, through
the Sanlt Ste. Marie canal, to Buffalo,
where it is shipped by rail or canal to
New York, Boston. Baltimore and Phil
Few appreciate the magnitude of the
lake shipping interests, which have
been developed to a considerable extent
by the transportation of wheat. Du
luth-Superior is the second port in the
United States in point of tonnage, be
ing exceeded only by New York. The
Sanlt Ste. Marie Canal passes two and
a half times as much tonnage in eight
mouths as the Suez Canal passes in a
full year. Lake shipping furnishes,
moreover, the cheapest transportation
in tlie world, the rate being approxi""*
mutely three-quarters of a mill per ton
Some of tlie greater lake vessels car
ry enormous cargoes—up to 259,000
bushels of wheat in a single load. With
out comparisons, it is difficult to form ¿
any conception of tlie immensity of a
cargo of this size. In Duluth. 700 bush
els are estimated as a earload. At that
rate, a cargo of 252.000 bushels, which
lias actually been transported from Du
luth to Buffalo, would till 300 cars, or
nine trains of forty cars each, At tif-
teen bushels to the acre, this cargo
would represent the yield of 1(5,800
acres of land. Iu many localities a
farm of 100 acres is looked upon as a
large one. It would take 105 such farms
to raise enough wheat to furnish this
Until recently New York had the
lion's share of the wheat export bust
A man who denies that he js preju
diced, but claims that be is a good
judge of feminine beauty, declares that
there is scarcely a beautiful foot to be
found among the women of to-day.
The high heels, the exaggerated curve
nt the ball ol’ the foot, the stiff heel
stays and the pointed toes, lie declares,
have distorted the foot In,a painful
and ugly manner.
The ankles are misshapen In some
cases (lie bones are enlarged until they
bulge out so that every bone Is percep
tible. The weight of the body thrown
upon tlie toes lias caused them to
spread out. Crowded Into pointed toes,
they stick up in clusters of knotty |
The foot should be ns shapely as the
hand. Footwear should tit as a glove
fils the hand. The perfect foot is slen
der, with 'an arched Instep and toes
a ^ a S^
that lie smoothly and easily.
or fall, that the commissions of the
The first step toward acquiring a
local dealer have been scaled to tlie
pretty foot is to wear shoes that tit it
lowest notch. Indeed, in this day of
comfortably. The next Is to take ex
many railroads. If tlie small xibeat
ercises that will render the toes strong
grower Is dissatisfied with local prices.
and supple. Pegln by spreading out
he cau combine with his neighbors—a
tlie toes to the utmost extent; then hold T A Gigantic Industry Employing Millions of
not infrequent occurrence—and ship
four toes still ami attempt to move the
directly by carload lots to some city
Capital and Countless Hands.
remaining one. Every toe should be
man, who Is only too will
distinct and aide to move separately.
ing to buy his grain at tbh highest pos
Every nail should keep its shape. Just
as linger nails do. The big toe should
System of Elevators.
be straighter and shorter than the
At the present time the quantity of always a politician. Every morning
So fierce is the competition among
next one ntld the arch should be shape wheat which is sent abroad from the during the days of harvest he receives the wheat buyers that at some centers,
pol.l.v merit.v ciianoki » the plates .
ly and pliant.
United States and Canada annually is the reports of the Board of Trade or most notably Minneapolis, vast sys
Tlie feminine foot of to-day renders ' about 250,000,000. Yet this, large as the Chamber of Commerce where bls tems of elevators have sprung up. each
New York to buy goods for his depai t
meat, she actually rejoiced, though it a graceful carriage an impossibility. It Is, will certainly be more than dou wheat is likely to be sold. He has also controlled by a powerful central house
would take aim from her for a time, And all because Dann* Fashion lias de- ’ bled witldn the next teu years.
ou his desk daily prices and a general at the terminal point. There are no
saying: "I mu glad, Phil, dear; the creed that a short, hlgli-lieeled, point
Sir William Crookes, the distinguish advisory letter front bls commission fewer than thirty-six elevator com-
change will do you good. I can slay ed-toe shoe Is tlie correct thing In ed president of the British Association men.
with Aunt Sarah, you know, while you dressy footgear, forgetting that there for the Advancement of Science, writ The primary movement of wheat Is
never was a human foot built that ing reeeutly of the proportion between the natural How to the local flour mill,
wheat production and wheat consump where it Is ground to feed the farmer’s
She put her flat In order, locked the way.
tion, ventured to name the year 1931 family, and toward the granary, where
doors, and betook herself to her mint's
Tit for Tat.
as a date when the world's bread-eat It is stored up for seed. The propor
house, which was a few blocks awav
It Is characteristic of those who are ers would cry for more wheat than the tion of wheat thus actually retained
A few questions from her aunt, who
noticed her troubled eyes, brought the severe on others that they cannot bear world's farmers could produce. This ami consumed in the country where It
severity. Deau Swift, the severest may lie an overestimate, yet the statis Is grown Is very large.
whole matter to light.
When the farmer has amply provided
"O. Aunt Sarah, I am so miserable,” satirist of bls day. was one day diuing tic» from which such prophecies are
soblH'd Dorothy, "and we were so with a company of gentlemen, one of : drawn show how very closely the con for himself, he begins to think of sell
wl^ini Im had made the butt of Ills ridi- j sumer treads upon the heels of the pro ing bls surplus—which In 181)8, for the
happy. What shall I do?"
"Do?" cried A tint Kara It. energetic rule, with repeated sallies. At last the ducer, and how Imperative Is the neces Vuited States and Canada, amounted
ally. "Why, learn to cook: that's all.” Deau poured u | mui a piece of duck some sity of distributing the crop—grown to the enormous total of 450,000,000
"But where, and how?” asked Dor gravy Intended to be eaten with a perhaps half a world away from the bushels. Of this, something less than
roasted goose. The unfortunate gentle centers of consumption—as soon as It half Is consumed in the cities of the
man. seeing this. Immediately said: Is shaken from the threshers in a mill United States and Canada, and some
"Here." said her aunt.
On tin afternoon of Philip's arrival, “My good dean, you surprise me—you ion fields. In order that every white thing more than half Is exported to
a busy little figure In a gingham apron eat a duck like a goose.” The company man shall have his loaf, and have it foreign countries, either as wheat or as
fitted through the rooms on household roared, and the poor dean was so con before his last supply has run out.
Great Britain eats her entire wheat
The wheat crop of the average year
duties Intent. Philip would not get fused and mortified that lie flew into a
Is. therefore, divided Into three more or
home until <1 o’clock In the evening. rage ami left the table.
she must be supplied Immediately with lees equal parts, the first being con
She bad planned a good plain dinner
the products of America or Central sumed by the farmer and his immedi
Benefit from Smudges.
with a few kickshaws as a treat Ev
A curious lift of adaptation to cir Russia or India, or else she must suffer. ate neighbors of the smaller towns and
ery article was of her own cooking, and
she felt as promt as a queen. Her cumstances may be seen In summer . If the United Kingdom be completely villages, the second going to supply the
blockaded, say by the ships of allies!
bread bad turned out beautifully white among the cattle of the swamp lands Europe, her |>opulatlou would probably concentrated masses of population in
the great cities, aryl the third Iveing ex
mid spongy and baked a Iteautlful
be totally extinguished by starvatlou
brown. Philip was so fond of home mid Septemlier blood-stocking Insects within three months. The like Is true ported as wheat or flour to fet'd the
LAKE VESSELS LOADING AT A CHICAGO ELEVATOR.
mosquitoes, flies, gnats and so on —
made bread when It was good. She
of every country in western Europe,
was so glad the pie was a success;
Mr. Ray Stannard Baker, in an article
although In some of them actual star
on the Movement of Wheat, In Mc panics In Minneapolis, controlling 1,802 ness: but latterly Boston. Baltimore.
1'hlllp doted on apple pie. Then then In danger of their lives. So are people vation could be much longer averted.
country elevators with a combined ca Philadelphia. New Orleans. Galveston
was a Charlotte Busse, mid a mold of unless they make smudges that Is to
Wheu a European thinks of food he Clure's Magazine, tells of the manner
lemon Jelly to go with it for dessert. say. tires so thickly smothered they All thinks in terms of wheat. He Is the In which the wheat crop Is disposed of pacity of nearly 30,000,1)00 bushels of and Montreal have been large exporters.
For the fiscal year 1899 New York took
Everything was ready for the salad, the air with clouds of smoke—and thus greatest of bread eaters. Y'et In the by the wheat farmer.
There are three general methods by
A single company controls 115 coun only 28.8 per cent, while New Orleans
the dressing made, the lobster pre drive away the pests. The cattle soon best of years Europe never produces
pared. and the lettuce crisp and cool. learn the use and value of the smudges. enough, even Including the crops from which this Is done. In the prolific try elevators having a ca;>aclty of 4.- and Galveston had 10.9 per cent. each.
Boston 12. Baltimore 9.4. and Philadel
Twenty minutes to <> the I m *1I rang
the vast fl el < Is of Russia, to supply her Northwest, where large numbers of 780,000 bushels of wheat. And the
Boy Without a <'bailee.
farmers are cultivating from 3,000 to head of this company is also the head phia 6 per cent., the remainder l>elng
1 tolly flew to the door, expecting to see
Little George, who Ilves In a hand
only her liege lord. What was tier some house on a flue avenue, had been ly dependent on the United States. 10,000 acres of wheat a year, where of other companies there, having lines scattered between Montreal. Portland.
surprise to tiud with him a stranger, reading the biographies of Horace Canada. India, Australia and Argen the various farm buildings are con of elevators In Minnesota and the Da Norfolk and Newport News.
To quote again from Mr. Baker, the
nected by telephone, where the plough kotas with a comlrined storage capacity
w hom he presented as his cousin. Jack
Greeley. Abraham Lincoln. George Pea tine.
ing is done by complicated machinery, of nearly 10.009.000 bushels. He also average yield of wheat per acre is grad
Reynolds, from New York. She had body ami Gen. Grant. Laying down
I'rogrtMlr» Wheat Growers.
ually creeping up. In 1890 it was only /-
often heard her hnslmnd apeak of this
The American and Canadian farmer, where the farmer owns from two to has lines of elevator« in Nebraska ami 11.1 bushels to the acre: in 1*95 it was
enitslii. however. ami received him cor the Itook with great Impatience he ex and particularly the Northwestern ten threshing machines, from twenty Kansas.
claimed: "If we were only Just poor
Perhaps no one thing so simplifies 13.7 bushels; while in 1898 it bad reach
whwit farmer, who ploughs and reaps to fifty reapers and hundreds of cattle
"A real stroke of good lu< k. Cousin there might be some chance for me."— and threshes by machinery without so and horses, the sale of a crop becomes and facilitates the movement of wheat ed 15.3 bushels. By the use of maehlu-^
Dorothy.” said this young tnan, pro Detroit Free Press.
as the present rigid system of inspec ety. combined with cheaper rates of
much as touching bls product with his a large business proposition.
ceeding to make hliuaelf at home at
Rut the great mass of smaller farm tion and grading. In former times a transportation for supplies, the fanner
hands, is becoming pre-eminently a
once, "my running against Phil Just
Jink*- There’s one good thing about man of business. The Governments ers, especially throughout the winter load of grain must needs be carefully can produce a larger yield more cheap
a* he got off the train. He could not spoiled children.
have supplied colleges for educating wheat districts, still sell In the old- examined by every prospective pur ly than ever before, so that, although
■ scape me. though I believe he tried,"
him. and they send him regular bulle ♦ fashioned way, to the local elevator chaser. were he miller or commission the farm prices for wheat do not aver
age higher from year to year, the farm
wlikb was truer than lie thought.
Jinks—One never has them in one's tins containing the results of longcon man or buyer. They keep themselves man; and If this buyer sold again, a er’s profits are larger.
The soup was g<s>d and was followed own house - New York Weekly.
tinued experiments conducted by the so thoroughly Informed, however, as second examination became necessary.
bv raw oysters, celery, and olive«, with
Department of Agriculture. He Is a to the reigning prices In the great wi*i Its attendant disagreement as to
outward laugh ofttimes conceal*
Ih>gs are uot dent Utt but they some «Ids reader, sometimes a thinker, and marts and the probabilities as to rise quality. The business of wbeaf buy au An
delicate soda Macillt. I billy deftly
'■Hanged the plate«, and ah« could times msert levlU.
-= — -
the wheat crop .?