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About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (April 14, 1899)
THE OCEAN CURRENTS
BURNINO OP THE WINDSOR HOTEL IN NEW YORK CITY.
TREND OF THOSE IN THE ARCTIC
TO BE DETERMINED.
PLiludelphla Geographical Society
Huke« an Arnault Upon the Problem
of DiacuveriiiK the North Pole—To
Liperiment with Floating Casks.
The Geographical Society of Phila
delphia is fairly embarked upon Its
latest assault upon the problem of dis
covering the north pole. This Is one of
the most important ventures in geo
graphical discovery Initiated In recent
years. It contemplates the determina
tion of the direction or trend of the
oceanic currents of the arctic region,
for the purpose of ascertaining the con
ditions of drift which there prevail.
The latest polar exploration origin
ated In the course of the 111 fated Jean
nette expedition and the later and more
successful drift of the Pram, under
command of Nansen In Ills farthest
north expedition. The present project
for the determination of polar drift
was conceived by Rear Admiral George
W. Melville, engineer in chief of the
United States navy, who was an officer
of the Jeannette expedition. After the
disaster that overtook the Jeannette
Melville was deputed to search for the
lost bodies on the shores of northern.
Siberia. The severe experiences of
Melville during these perilous expedi
tions were not without results that bld
fair to contribute Important knowledge
to the problem that lias thus far battled
the researches of geographical science
and coBt many lives during the past
BOO years. For Melville believes th it
through observation made then the
pole will be ultimately reached.
In a paper read before the Americau
Philosophical Society late In 1897 Rear the polar Hoe are about the size of an
Admiral Melville outlined his plan of ordinary beer keg, but with conical
search. He proposed the construction j rooded ends of brass. Each cask will
of small, strong casks, designed to l contain a glass tube. Into which will
meet the requirements of a long drift lie Inserted a memorandum of the lo
between arctic floes, possibly of three cality of the placing the casks in the
or four years’ duration. He suggested drift, with blank Instruction in sev
that these casks be built of heavy oak eral languages, requesting the tinder,
staves, with conical ends, and encircled wherever the casks may Is1 drifted, to
With steel bars, In order to resist the Inscribe on the memorandum the loca
Utmost pressure of Ice.
tion by latitude and longitude of the
The Geographical Society of Phila tind, and with the request to forward
delphia undertook to carry our Rear this Information to the nearest consular
Admiral Melivlle's novel proposal. For representative of the finder's country,
more than a year the society has been or direct to the Geographical Society
engaged upon the execution of the of Philadelphia. Each glass tube is In
plan. Fifty casks have been construct closed In a small wooden trough, which
ed In San Francisco, under the super- will be placed through the bungbole of
The Third Party.
He came lurching aionnd a corner
ind staggered up against a pedestrian
waiting for his car, and after getting
rettled down upon bis feet again he
“Be careful of yourself, old fellow
' ind not get run over.”
“But your are tiie one to be care
tui,” was tlie reply. “You’ve got a
¡ag on, while I’m perfectly sober.”
“That’s something I never could un-
lerstand,” observed the inebriated,
liter a pause. “The man wiio is tight
ilways thinks it is tlie sober man who
is drunk, and vice versa. Tell you
what I honestly believe.”
“We are botli sober, and that lamp
post over theie has got a|3 drunk on I”
serene atmosphere, but opposite to a
thin vaporous cloud, if a human being
stand on a high hill between them, a
wonderful image is seen on the cloud
curtain. moving as the man moves, at
one moment clear and the next fading
away. This is a kind of natural magic
lantern, where the cloud takes the
place of the white screen, and a man,
or men, of the slides. The highest peak
of tlie Hartz Mountains, called the
Brocken, is the place where this is
oftenest seen, so the linage is called the
spectre of tlie Brocken. But mountain
eers see it often on the high Alps. The
changing rays of the morning sun make
the giant shadows vanish and reapper,
and tlie moving cloud-screen gives
It Was a Fruitful Topic of Discussion
One Hundred Years Ago,
An Eye to Business. — ‘‘Bigsbee is a
terribly melodramatic fellow, isn’t he?
He said he’d drain his heart’s blood for
the woman he loved. Do you think he
meant it?” “Why, I guess so. Bigs-
oee is agent for a drain and sewer pipe
In a new jackscrew for raising heavy
bodies tlie spiral ribs inside the frame
ire replaced by a series of steel balls
which mesh in tiie grooves on the
beaded shaft and deciease the friction
is the shaft is turned.
ing his face to the south he would
say: “I am now 1,800 miles from the
city hall of New York.”
But if be had put tlie stone numbered
1 at the city hall, then the stone to bo
placed at one mile, from the said cor
ner would have been marked 2, and
the stone marked 1.800 only 1,799 miles
from New Y’ork. But placing the stono
marked 1 at the said corner would sure»
ly mislead the traveler in determina-i
tion of how far he was from New York,
for seeing 2 marked on tlie stone lie
“What’s an empty title, pa?” “An
would conclude that he had still two
miles to traverse to be at the New Y’ork smpty title is your mother’s way of
tailing me the l.ead of the house.”
An immense amount of discussion is
current as to the exact time when the
present century ends, and the next one
begins. Some very clever arguments
have been advanced on various phases
of the subject. The reader who fol ,
lows up all of these will be rewarded
witli a vast amount of curious informa
tion. With tlie great deal tliat is specu
lative and purely theoretical, some
most curious and bewildering proposi
tions are brought to the front. A good
deal of this is new to the person who
The man who first printed the im
lias not reflected over the matter be
A Sure Stand.
fore. All that is being gone over, how
The following story of a really smart mortal Declaration of Independence
ever. is old. thrashed material. As the retort is from “More Humors of Cleri- was John Dunlap, an Irishman from
t Strabane, County Tyrone, in which
place he was born in 1747.
Peculiarities of the Author of “Alice
lntciidcnce of Past Chief Engineer
George F. Kutz, U. S. N„ an officer
who Is well acquainted with Melville's
plans. S|H*eially prepared messages,
to be placed inside the casks, are now
en route across the continent. In •» few
days these messages will lie inclosed in
the casks and the northern Jou-my
will begin. Ity means of Pacific whal
ing fleets, whose co operation lias been
generously granted to the society, and
also by the United States cutter Bear,
acting for the United States hydro
graphic service, the casks will be
shipped northward. Of the fifty, twen
ty-tlve of them will lie curried by the
steam whalers of the Pacific Steam
Whaling Company, fifteen by the rev
enue cutter Bear an I ten by whalers
owned by George Siebers A Co. Dur
ing the next year It Is contemplated to
send fifty additional casks.
the cask and the hole will be securely
EWELL IN- A bl UMP.
Queer Living Quarters of Five Men
in eoutliern Australia.
Sometimes the rodents and the birds
make homes In tree stumps, but man
lias usually selected different quarters.
To Determine I’olar Drift».
The plan of operation, so far as can
lie determined at present. Is to de
posit these casks on let* floes, north of
both the American ami the Asiatic con
tlnents. fot the purpose of determining
the polar drifts These drifts are be
lieved by many gisigrapliera to pass In
opiHised diieitlon.i. one northwestward
from the Siberian coast, ami which Is
assumed to .correspond with the drift
of the Fratn; the other northeastward
from tlie archipelago lying north of
America nnd Issuing eastward lu the
sea that lies west of Greenland.
Henry G. Bryant, the present Presi
dent of the Geographical Society of
In the township of Wynnasty, South
Glppsland. Australia, however, tlve men
have converted a huge gumtree stump
Into a very habitable dwelling. This
queer home is two stories high, the up
per story being reached by a regular
stairway. A glance at the accompany
ing picture of the stump house will con
vince you that the tree must have been
a giant of its siiecfes.
Wonders of Nature.
Philadelphia, has generously contrib
uted to the society the funds needed
to carry this novel polar expedition
Into immediate execution
ant is a graduate of Princeton Uni
versity. He la an explorer of wide ex
perience and Is at present on an ex
tended voyage In the West Indies.
The casks which will be sent through
If two pieces of lookiug glass are
held on the opposite sides of a lighted
lamp or cantile, an endless series of
bright Hames may be seen at one time.
So, In the cold north, when the air is
full of mluute floating Ice-flakes, the
sun with Its halo Is reflected many
times, and the traveler sees two, four
or more tuock suns with crossing halo
rings of startilug patterns. In hilly
countries, w here the sun rises tn a
A Compliment tor the Scots.
An old 8cotch lady in Detroit is «
little bit prouder of her nationality
1 than of anything else io which she
tan lav claim, and never misses a
lhance to boast of what her countrymen
| have accomplished. She never tires
j >f telling what they have done, dwell
ing particularly upon Scott, Burns.
tVallaee, Bruce and Ian Maclaren.
“Mother,” said her son, aRer she had
heen discoursing upon her favorite
¡heme the other day, ‘‘you honestly
reein to think that no good can come
ixcept out of Scotland. 1 fear it’s he
mming a eort of mania with you.
You'll be claiming yet, mother, that
Dewey and all the best of our greatest
Itnen in modern times, were born in
Scotland.” “Weel, I’m nae so sure
>• that, Jamie, but there be ane tiling
I do ken o’ the gude men ye name,
laddie, a’m >st a’ o’ tliim had intellect
1 much to be Scotchmen.”—Detroit
J Free Press._________________ _
8. D. Collingwood, In the Century, de
scribes some of the odd ways of Lewis
Carroll, the author of "Alice in Won’
That he was, In some respects, eccen
tric cannot be denied; for instance, he
never wore an overcoat, and always
wore a tall hat, whatever might be the
climatic conditions. He would wear
only cotton gloves. In these small per
sonal matters he had a great fear of
extravagance. At dinner In Ills rooms
small pieces of cardboard took the
place of table-mats; they answered tlie
purpose perfectly well, he said, and to
buy anything else would be a mere
waste of money.
On the other hand, when purchasing
books for himself, or giving treats to
the children lie loved, lie never seemed
to consider expense at all.
When making tea for Ills friends lie
used in order, 1 suppose, to expedite
the process—to walk up and down the
room waving tlie teapot about, and tell
ing meanwhile those delightful nnec-
dotes of which lie had an Inexhaustible
He had a strong objection to staring
colors In dress, ids favorite combina
tion being pink and gray. One little
girl who came to stay with him was ab
solutely forbidden to wear a red frock,
of a somewhat pronounced hue, while
out In his compauy.
At meals he was always very abstem
ious, wlille lie took nothing In the mid
dle of the day except a glass of wine
and a biscuit. Under these circum
stances It Is not very surprising that
the heal’.fty appetites of his little
friends filled him with wonder, aud
even with alarm.
When lie took a certain one of them
out with liini to a friend’s house to din
ner lie used to give the host or hostess
a gentle warning, to tlie mixed amaze
ment nnd Indignation of tlie child:
"Please lie careful, because she eats a
good deal too much.”
Two Valid Excuses.
Last week, late in the afternoon, a
case was called by Judge Sutherland In
"I would like to ask. your Honor,
that this ease go over until to-morrow,"
said one of the attorneys.
"On what ground?" said the Judge.
“Yea. your Honor. I have hvtl nrgn-
Ing a case all day lu Part II. and 1 am
really too fatigued to go ou with this
"Very well, let the case go over. Call
the next case.”
The next ease was called and another
"May it please your Honor. I would
like to ask this case to go over."
"For what reason?"
"1 am too tired.”
"Y'ou. too? What makes you tired?"
"I hare been listening all day to my
learned friend iu Part II."—Rochester
When a girl of sixteen, who Is pretty,
aud has good clothes, gets a sail look
in her eyes. It means that she has heard
It Is becoming; nothing more.
The Bible tells us God created man
In His own image and nearly every
uiali thinks hr is the one referred to.
Under Henry V, an act of parlia
ment ordered all tlie geese in England
to be counted, and tlie sheriffs of the
sounties were required to furnish six
trrow-feathers from each goose.
There was a young man from Lenore,
Who boldlv went off to tiie war;
The "beef” made him sick,
He recovered quite quick
By the prompt use of old Jesse Moore.
Somehow we always expect the fel
low who gets mad first to come out of
tlie argument second best.
, Mothers will tind Mrs. Winslow's Sooth
ing Syrup the best remedy to use for their
ihildren during the teething period.
Naming a battleship George Wash
ington is all right, but could a ship
with that name lie at anchor?
flT® Permanently Cured. No ntsor nervousnea
rilO after first day’s use of Dr. Kline's Great
Nerve Restorer. Send for FKl.K Scl.OO trial
bottle anti treatise. DR. R. H. Kr.INK Ltd., 930
Arch street, Philadelphia, Pa.
People who talk most- about others’
leltishness are frequently tlie worst.
“I DO MY OWN WORK.”
So Says Mrs. Mary Rochietto of
Lindon, New Jersey, In this
Letter to Mrs. Pinkham.
end of each century approaches the
old. old question is mooted, people get
thinking and naturally the same ideas
that presented to their great grand
grandparents appeal to them witli the
first blush of something original.
A century since, as the year 1800 ap
proached, the prints then current were
tilled with a good deal of discussion as
to whether 1800 or 1801 signalized the
beginning of a new century. One of
the most entertaining and interesting
papers on tills subject Is comprised in
a letter written by Gen. Philip Schuy
ler of historic fame. Feb. 11, 1779. It
Is addressed to his eldest daughter.
Mrs. Angelica Church, aud was in
dited to set at rest in her mind the I
bnffilug pros aud cons concerning tlie |
century-end! ng Ideas. At that time
men of sound sense, and of such can
dor as to be incapable of subterfuge i
which cavilling about words affords,
held antagonistic views as stubbornly
as though millions were involved.
Gen. Schuyler premised everything
on the fact that the birth of Christ, be
ginning at tne first minute of the first
day of January, computation com
mences with a cipher 0. Some theor
ists placed 1 at the birth of Christ. In
stead of at the end of the year from
his bir’h. rejecting, he claimed, one en- (
tire year out of the series composing
the Christian era. Here is his quaint,
practical proposition to Illustrate:
Suppose, he says, a surveyor was di
rected to begin at the city liall. New
York, to measure on a due north
course. 1,800 miles, and at the end of a
mile to set up a stone to indicate how-
far that stone was from the city hall,
wbat mark would he place upon it?
Surely be would mark It with the num
tier 1. If he should proceed one mile
farther, and set up another stone, this ,
be would mark with the numh>r 2. and
proceeding thus, when he had run
1.800 times eighty chains he would set
up a stoue and mark it 1,800, and. turn
cal Life,” and Is told in connection with
a church in one of the eastern counties
The church possessed a valuable
Bible, which was used only ou Sun
days. During the week It was kept In
a box which rather curiously formed
the stand upon which the reader of the
lessons stood. Ou one occasion, when
this was being shown to a visitor, tlie
remark was made that It did not seem
very reverent for even a clergyman to
tread upon tlie Bible.
“Pardon me.” the old verger replied.
"In this church, sir, we take our stand
U[xin the Scriptures.”
Sitt ng Bull's Grave.
A broken wooden headboard and a
neglected mound of earth In the Fort
Yates, N. D„ military cemetery mark
the resting place of Sitting Bull the
great Sioux medicine man whose wily
brain planned the deathtrap of the
Little Big Horn into which General
Custer’s command fell. On the broken
headlsiard is written: “No. 54. Sit
ting Bull. Indian.” Relic hunters have
cut most of the headboard away.
The Devil in a Candlestick,
An odd candlestick is in brouze of
the brilliant flaming red always as
sumed by Mephistopheles iu masquer
ade. It represents his satnnic majesty
in all the familiar brilliancy, with
liorus and cloven foot the latter serv
ing as a standard. The tail Is curved
Into a loop handle for the candlestick
and the candle Itself, of the same flam
ing red wax. fits tietween the horns.
When the sons of a great church
worker show no inclination to study
for the ministry, she begins to build
her hopes on one of her daughters mar
rying a preacher.
Love finds the way In. but it has to be
•* I was bothered with a flow which
would be quite annoying at times, and
at others would almost stop.
“ I used prescriptions given me by my
“ After a
time I was
that I was
keep my bed
gave up my doc
tor. and began
taking your medi
cine. and have certainly been greatly
benefited by its use.
"Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound has Indeed been a friend to me.
" I am now able to do my own work,
thanks toyour wonderful medicine. I
was as near death I believe as I could
be. so weak that my pulse scarcely beat
and my heart had almost given out. I
Could not have stood it one week more,
I am sure. I never thought I would
be so grateful to any medicine.
“ I shall use my influence with any
one suffering as I did, to have them
use Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Every womah that is puzzled about
ker condition should secure the sympa
thetic advice of a woman who under-
ttands. Write to Mrs. Pinkham al
Lynn. Mass., and tell her your ill*
* Pfun der sw