The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904, May 06, 1898, Image 6

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HAXZANA.
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:
X
block, and It is all under a single r«xf.
There are numberless booths in which
i are exposed for sale all the fruits of the
I tropics, sea fish. fresh water fish, meals,
game, leather goods, jewelry and such
I curios as only a swiport visited by the
I commerce of the world can pick up.
i There are seen men. women and chil­
dren of every nationality upon the
earth. Th»? wonder Is bow so small a
town can gather to Itself such a wide
range of humanity.
The population of Havana Is mixed
and Its morale Is very low. The condi­
tion of the tvomen remind a widely
traveled man of the women of the
Orient. They are closWtept and live In
tropical Idleness. Mlscegeneratlon is
common, and It Is no rare matter to find
a Culetn family of very good social po
sltlon ami of considerable wealth com
posed of persons that would l>e classed
ERRORS MADE BY PRINTERS.
Sotne Ludlcrons MistakeaCompotinded
iu the Composing-Room.
“What is this?” exclaimed a com­
positor who was expecting to be pr«>
nioted to u proofreadership shortly.
“ ‘Sermons iu atom's, books in the run­
ning brooks!’ Impossible! He means,
of course. ‘Sermons In books and stones
in th«' running brooks.’ ” And a new
AVANA, the capital of Cuba, Is the llv<-ly life of Havana. The city
reading of Shakspeare appeared next
Is a world-city, known wher­ has not been very businesslike under
morning.
A s;iortlng
compositor
ever the fame of cities lias Spanish rule. Most of the men are
thought “Cricket on the Hearth” must
readied, and deserving of its fame,
too,
worthless
and dissipated. They lounge
be a slip of the la'u. He made it
for like all great cities of Industry and in cafes ami look only to pleasure such
"Cricketthe Heath.” A writer on
art, it is unique. Cuba’s capital is as the Spaniard delights in—gambling,
angling had tlie Joy of seeing ills sen­
coeval with the Mediterranes«? conquest cock lighting, bull baiting. No thought
tence, “The young salmon are bi'glu-
of the Western hemisphere. The name of the morrow Is taken, and the result
nlng to run,” printed. “The young
of the city Is characteristic of the re­ is that a more Improvident population
salmon ar«? beginning to swim.” an­
ligious Latin races, for when Diego de «•an be found nowhere. Sunday Is Ha­
other thoughtful compositor having
Velasquez laid its foundations, in 1515. , vana’s holiday.
been at work. Happier was the trans­
he christened it San Cristobal de la 11a-
As for the church»*, thousands of
bana—St. Christopher of the haven or
formation of th«' sentence, “Bring me
harbor—in honor of Columbus, the dis­
my toga,” into “Bring me my togs.”
coverer of the island. This name, be­
There is a less subtle vein of humor
stowed upon the city by the conqueror
in the story of the editor who wrote
of the island, has remained unchanged,
during an election, “The battle is now
and it is still officially so called. Hut
opened.” The compositor spelled "bat­
its popular name has been shortened to
tle” with an “o,” and the other side
Habana In Spanish ami Havana in oth­
said, of course, that they had suspeeted
er tongue«. The city has a population
it from the first. It was by a similar
of about 200,000.
mistake that the late Baker Tasha,
Havana is sited on the west side of
who might fairly be described as a
the bay of its own name—one of the
“battle-scarred veteran” was called a
most la-autiful bodies of water of its
“battle-scared veteran.” tlie libel be-
kind found anywhere. The city stands
Ing by no means purged when the
on a sort of peninsula thut Is formed
newspaper called the gallant officer a
on one side by the waters of the bay.
“bottle-scarred veteran.” Owing to an
und on the other by those of the gulf.
error iu printing the announcement, “A
In olden times it was one of the strong­
sailor, going to sea. his wife desires the
est of the places of the civilized world.
prayers of the congregation.” became
When ships of war were of wood and
“A sailor going to st*« his wife deserves
carried a few guns whose bullets were
the
prayers of the congregation.” It is
BLANCO’S PALACE.
repelled by granite masonry, Havana
not necessary to believe this in order
was impregnable. But the “oak levia- I women religiously attend. In Cuba the ns quadroons in America. Havana is to enjoy it. The statement, “Messrs
titans” and the “rock built cities” of ■ church and her children are a woman's a city of grand surprises for the foreign ----- ’s preserves cannot be beaten.” was
Lord Byron are now historical. On life. She soon loses her husband as her visitor. A political mite as it is in com­ rather vitiated as an advertisement by
the one hand the recent destruction of companion In the home. She does not parison with London, there are slums the omission of “b” in the last word.
the Maine Indicates the cause why read. She never heard of a new wom­ In Havana that cannot be matched In Innocently gay was the newspaper re­
granite walls are no longer needed, and an. She has her little circle of friends the metropolis of the world.
port which said that the London ex­
on the other it Is seen how the subma­ like herself, and some day dies. But
press had knocked down a cow nnd
As
Place
of
Residence.
rine mine and torpedo have developed she has been faithful to the church, and
cut it into “calves.”—Gesta Typograph­
grin powder, which enables a ship to the most striking thing al*out a service
Havana has infinite charms as a ic^.
stand miles without a harbor and land in the great cathedral Is th«' presence of place of residence. Its climate. Its veg­
ALTON’S EXPENSIVE BOY.
shells in a city's heart.
the women of Havana and the absence etation, the cheap rate at which one
Yet if it were not for Spanish poverty of the men. It is said here that most i can buy all the delicacies of the tab!'?, Taxpayers Put I’p Nearly $t,2OO a
and decline, Havana to-day might have ' men go to church but three times in ! the romance in the very air. tin? ease
Year for Ilia Schooling,
been as relatively strong as when, in their life—when baptized, when about with which a little labor will yield a
It costs the public of Alton, Ill.,
1585, It drove the fierce Sir Francis to 1»»“ married and when dead—and the large return, the proximity of the sea,
$1.1SG.O8 annually to educate one black
Drake away from its coasts. The fact church is as rigid in Its requirement of I its middle distance between the Invig­
Is that tile Spaniards have not kept step the first two visits as tho departed is to orating north and the tropical coun­ boy. This is the largest sum ever ex-
pended by the pub­
with the march of progress. The in­ be receiv»>d there at last.
tries of the southern continent, the pro­
lic
on the education
sanity of attempting to defend Havana
The cathedral is really one of the fusion of Its fruits and (lowers—all
of one simple indi­
with the same implements and methods finest edifices in Havana. It is built to these things make it a most desirable
vidual. His name is
Arthur Odey. For
him a teacher is
employed at $270
per annum, for him
a principal is en­
gaged at $315 per
annum, to keep his
AllTUUK OBEY.
school-rooms in or­
der a janitor is kept at a yearly expen­
diture of $135, and to prevent Arthur
from getting cold $50 is expended on
fuel. The interest on the $5,944 that
it cost to build tin» handsome two-story
brick schoolhouse iu which he is
taught amounts to $410.08. Thus the
total cost of the schooling of this one
child is $1,180.08.
Arthur is a quiet little chap of 8
years, as black as the fabled Egyptian
darkness, with big round eyes that
look out upon th«' world without the
least sign of astonishment or concern
of warfare that were successful three last for ages. In It are the remains of place to live, and there Is no doubt that
at the extravagance of his education.
centuries ago Is in perfect keeping with Christopher Columbus—that Is, the thousands of Americans had been there
That lie drinks iu knowledge at the
Spain's anachronism In civilization.
tomb Is there, beside the altar and the long ago were it not for the blighting
public expens«' at th«' rate of $30.41 per
The town, as lias already been said. Inscription. It is also duly authenti­ and repressing rule of Spain—a rule
week, or $G.t»8 per day, is no cause of
Is unique. It is not Spanish, it Is not cated that the remains nre there, too, that tends to ruin commerce and enter­
wonder to him. It has not been charg­
Oriental. It Is not European, nor does but even Spaniards nod doubtfully prise wherever it litis sway.
ed that his teachers quarrel over
it at all resemble anything in the Uni­ when asked, “Is It true?”
In 1550 the seat of Spanish official­
which shall instruct him, but it is a
ted States. It Is Cuban. The bay.
The lottery Is the curs«' of Havana. dom in Cuba was transferred from Sor­
ordinarily. Is one of the most vividly Out' of tin- first eric's heard on tile ting« de Cuba to Havana, an early rec­ known fact that he lias to furnish the
beautiful sights to be seen anywhere. street In tli«‘ morning Is th«' sehrlll voice ognition of the city’s 1 nqiortaiice. On,' excitement for the school, because he
Humboldt's description of the ap­ of a Cuban yelling that h«> has lottery year later pirates under the leailersliip is th«' only scholar in th«* new Lovejoy
proaches to Havana fails to do It jus­ tickets for sale. If is ofti'ii th«' last of the notorious Jacob Sores attacked school, erected solely for the colored
tice. and that distinguished traveler sound heard at night. It would seem the town, sacked its church ami the children.
| Gay and Picturesque Cuban Capital Has ♦
f
a Famous History.
♦
H
that all Cuba must gamble to support so
formidable a company of fakers.
All the storekeepers are courteous
and unobtrusive. A visitor experiences
gri'at difficulty in purchasing anything
characteristically Cuban In th«' stores,
but that is Ix'caus«' Cuba produces only
two things, sugar and tobacco, and
buys everything she uses—even buys
back her sugar retim'd.
Th«' easiest thing to buy Is cigars, and
they cost astonishingly l«'ss than tn the
States. There is an e.xi»erience in buy­
ing them, Iss-aus«' the great cigar fac­
tories of Havana, producing brands
that .are known to snickers all over th«'
world, are Interesting institutions. They
occupy buildings so nearly resembling
tli«' ordinary dwelling hous«> that they
would lie mistaken for them by a
stranger except for the odor.
dwellings of the wealthy and compelled
the commander of th«' fortress to sur­
render. Sores soon grew tired of the
place and withdrew. But his example
was frequently follow,si, and numer­
ous attempts were made by bueeinu'ers
to capture the city and loot it. Notable
among these efforts was that of the En­
glish buwnnt'er. Sir Francis Drake,
who assault,si Havana in 1585, but was
compelled to retire. Tho first scourge
of yellow fever appeared in th«' ship­
ping «luring the summer of 1701. In
1702 Admiral Pocock. with an English
squadron, attacked Havana and forred
It to capitulate. For two mouths th«'
city put up a brave defense. In 1703
Havana was restore«! to the Spanish by
th«' treaty of Paris.
Th«' tlrst newspaper published In Ha­
vana was La Gaceta de la Ilabana.
The Grave of Eve.
admits that the picture Is indescribable.
Cuba ami Havana have ways and
wards that are all their own.
Slaves to Precedent.
Havann Isa mystery to the European
and the American. The question, "Why
»Io you this ami do you thatis alw<tys
answered with, “We have always done
so; what else would you have us do?”
Why the farmers use a crooked stick
to plow with, why ladles sit In their
carriages while the dry goods clerks
bring out rolls of cloth for them to In-
B|M>ct; why dark women and even
black women powder their faces until
they look as if they had been tlnubetl
with flour; why houses nre built to a
line within two fe»-t of the curbing, so
that pedestrians cannot walk two
■breast; wliy the houses are all painted
in whatever vivid color pleases the
owner moat; why an unearthly clangor
of lwdls drives sli'ep from the city at
daybreak; why no one ever keeps an
npi*olntnumt «and never apologizes for
tlie offense». are questions that Havail-
es«> and Cubans do not explain or at­
tempt to explain.
The almost equatorial sun twat* do.vn
upon the atreets with terrifle heat dur­
ing the day. and none but business pro-
ph> and ‘flow p«>ple” are seen during
th«' early an«l middle «lay. When the
nun «Inks, however, the lazy inhabit­
ant« turn out. and the life of the night
TL i F rt)A,she sAyt jlje dorj}
ft go»
CAcije Stje's AtfAid, 1 guess.
An’50, las’ QigW3be WAS A-cryio’ so
Wfjen Jinj jAtd I jat açless
,
Sbe’d warjr to IjAve a cowAra for a $ot)
He'd l)3'''® îo,5°
1 I
Tb^t $eeiped‘j’dsl’l(keii$be oever would gei doge
B^t cric
wept- Away
’P waj . a la«J<y ¿Ly
,n>e;
CAJ> At} jo
' cried just like a $ iijoagl)
lovji) -frjere I
BJuf hA you know, he never $AÌd AWorJ,
he qoulâp'f fAlk.’.
B ut just sf)opk
wit^ Jing,like t^ij,real fjwa
Acj went to like a walk;
Ao’ binjeby lweof oar to fry ao ’ njeet'
Tlje kias.yoa kgow.AO’dq
Sometf)iÓ3,Ao’[>i.WAS WAlKirj’upftge street*
Ar)’1)e wXj tryiQ’foo!
Zèzf/y/r X.J7H/K oaj J.
WHERE WATER IS SCARCE.
A Disastrous Drouth Is Devastating
South Africa.
A most disastrous drought is devas­
tating South Africa, the worst known
■for many generations. Stock is perish­
ing in such vast numbers that farmers
are' being ruined whok'sale. The illus­
tration shows the process of boring for
Structure Which lias More than Com­
mon Interest for Masons.
BORING FOR WATER.
water. At a little expense the Cape
government provides an apparatus for
the us«» of the farming community and |
drilling operations are in progress in '
nearly all parts of tlie country. It is
generally believed that there is abund­
ance of water at a depth of from fifty
to it hundred feet, but the finds are few
ami weak. Vnllke Australia there are
no subterranean rivers to tap. The'
hopt> of the farmer lies in the conser­
vation of the rainfall, which, if not
stored in dams, quickly runs off into
the "slults” ami “spruits,” and leav‘*s
the parched earth but little refreshed.
In many places the drinking supplies !
regularly fall short and the farmers
are reduced to the thick, opaque con- '
tents of a dam. In the remoter dis-'
trlcts the Boers experience this acute­
ly. A Boer recently called at an En­
glishman’s house while on a journey
and asked for a drink. The English­
man had a good supply and gave him a
sparkling draught. The Dutchman was
greatly surpris, «1 and in his kitchen
“taal" express«?«! himself highly de- |
lighted with such a sweet drink, as j
he observed, "it had neither taste nor
smell.”
Atlv> rtisers Are Immortal.
Great advertisers live in tin' history
of the city and the prosperity of their
firms long after they themselves have
"shutlled off this mortal coil;" tlieir an­
nouncements in the newspapers contin­
ue to bear fruit after tlie advertisers
ar«' dead. On the other hand, the non­
advertising business man is dead to the
community long before he leaves this
life: and his business is more tliau apt
to di«' with him.--Savannah News.
HOTEL 1NGLATKRRA, RESORT OF FOR­
EIGNER«.
which apiwaretl in 1782. In 178!» the
Jesuits were expclleil from the city.
ami their church was convert,si Into
th«' eatlnxlral of th«' diocese. This Is
th«» church in which It is said the ashes
of Columbus were de]»oslte«l In the year
18f‘0. In 1818 Havana was opened to
the commerce of the world.
1
;
i
Is your coffin.—Rory of the Hills.” Tho
men who issui-d the posters were im­
prisoned for their offenses, but the
country was placard«! as daringly dur­
ing their imprisonment as before. Now
a copy of one of these posters is as
scarce as hen’s teeth, and, though not
a bit artistic, they are treasured by
lKuster collectors as If they were print-
«1 in letters of gold after a design by’
some master draughtsman.
HOUSE WITH A HISTORY
At Jiddah iu Arabia, th«' Mohamme­
dans locate the grave of Eve. A small
temple, utterly out of proportion to tlie
Moslem conception of tli«' first woman
(they claim she was 200 feet tall) is
erected above the ashes. Tin* structure
is in l ad repair, and if it rained often
in Arabia, Mother Eve would have a
rather damp resting place. As it is, a
big palm tree has forced its way
through the room. The spot is the
uieeca of a seven-year pilgrimage.
MESSAGE THAT MEANT DEATH.
Oil June 3, which is alleged to be the
anniversary of tin» death of Abel, the The Famous “No Rent” Poster Which
doors of the temple remain open all
Landed Many Irishmen in Prison.
night. On tiint night tlie spirit of Eve
Here is a relic of a time made excit­
mourns for th«' loss of her murdered ing by “agitation" in Ireland. It is the
sou. In fear and trembling the pil­ famous “No Rent" poster, which was
grims listen to awful sounds of la­ one of the features of the movement of
mentation emanating from the tomb.
1.881 that lamled so many ardent Irish­
Tlier«' are usually in the throng one men in prison.
or two scoffers, who claim to recognize
The National League of Ireland, the
the voices of th,' priests in the doleful
wails, but their opinions do not carry
weight with the majority.
Qunirit Cuban Houses.
The Culian house of the Is'tter class Is
of th«' ordinary, typical «instruction. It ■
Is enormously heavy, built of adobt* or |
soft stone, to withstand earthquakes
and to resist heat. Th«* rooms nr«> enor­
mous, with ceiling from fifteen t<» twen­
ty or twenty tlv«> feet high, all fl«»ors. I
«•ven in tin' bedrooms, being of stone, I
and tli«' windows covered with great
iron bars.
Tlie lions,>s of th,' lower class look no
different from without, but are awful
within, and tliere tit«' call-«' of Havana's
swurg«* of yellow fever Is at «me«' ap- I
parent. The city Is badly drained. Th«'
Imy. with no fr,s' coins«' of water, ami
comparatively littl»> tide, 1* a reservoir,
nticleans,si, of the city’s offal. It bre,'d*
,lls«-ase. and in squalor where personal
uncli'anllness is added to tlie perils in- '
cm-red by municipal neglect, th,' houses
of th,' |*M>r have becoim* th«' IncuKators
of pestilence. Havana has many hean-
tlful parks, squares and public places.
Th«' squares are all ornament,si with
royal palms ami here and tlu're an or- 1
atige or lianana tree, and here ami tliere
an Indian laurel.
No city in the world is furnish,si with
such an abumlam'e an«l variety of foods
as is Havana, with th«» possible excep­
tion of San Francisco. Th«' earth and
the sea give to its people all the Ixret of
their fruits. Tho great market of Ila-1
vnna Is without an equal. surpassing. |
as it doe«, the fanusl French mark,"t of
New Orleans. This market covers an
area equal to that of aai American
e'j $o«rf dowrj To ft'
ihe soldiers çter sùr-t, aq ‘ <ee!
They’ll 4o
' -
^T a joir ja$T line Ap’licenjAQ.'foo
/S tfie'Zil
fke folks what ifiey CAO rlo,
Sever«' Attack of I’iety.
Th«' IMg-faeed Boy—The Human Os­
trich appears to be getting very relig­
ious.
Th«' Albino Girl—Yes. he wouldn't eat
j
anything but stain«l cathedral glass
FAMOfS “NO RENT ' rOsTk.ll.
for his dinner—New York Evening
World.
____________________
executive
committee of which issued i
Col. Hawkins—Vnel«' Mose, I hear j
you and your wife had a littl«' dispute !
"Nope.” said Mr. Rockwell, as he and signed this remarkable «locument. ;
again last night. Which came out wiped his glasses. “I'm afraid John's was opposing landlordism by «mereing j
ahea«t this time? Vncle Mos«' (dubious­ college «alueatlon ain't goln’ to do him tlie tenantry into not paying rent. Such
ly feellug a lump on the back of his , much g«vd, after all." “Why. Sllao,” tenants as were known to intend t«>
head»—l‘s pow«'rful gla«l to say <lat I his anxious wife cried, “what makes defy the National League and to pay [
kirn out ahead, boss; Ixtt «he mighty , you say that?" “He admitted iu the had these “no rent" posters nailed to
nigh overtook me.—Harper's Bazar.
store yesterday that there was still a the «loors. In rhe corners were certain 1
few things 1 knew more alswit than terrifying sentences. “Your fate 1« cer-1
We want it understmsl right now I him."—Clevelaml Leader.
tain If you pay rent.—Capt. Moon-
that we never count ourselves among I
lignt," was the sentiment in one. while
Cupid introduces more house bills the other show«! a coffin bearing be­
"the friends of the family who want
than all our Congressmen.
to see the remains."
neath it the cheeriug Inscription, “This
In Canton, N. Y., stands a house
which lias more than a common inter­
est for the masons of tlie country. It
shows, iu tlie first place, “the royal
arch,” which seems to be a shape of
mystic meaning to tlie order. And in
tli«' second place, it was built to tiaunt
the principles of its builder, Paul Boyn­
ton, in the fact’s of his enemies, the
anti-Masons.
Boynton came to Canton in 1831 ami
was prominently identified witli tlie
Masonic order. About that time a cru-
sa«le against tlie organization started;
there were pamphlets published on
“Masonry Exposrel” and the like. In
tlie exeltenn'iit one prominent opjionent
of the Masons disappeared and his
comrades alleged foul play. Boynton's
house was burned in tlie trouble that
followed.
Boynton forthwith built another
house. It is the "royal arch house.”
BOYNTON’S ROYAI. ARCH HOUSE.
which Is still standing. Along the cor­
nice over each arch there are charac­
ters carved unknown to any but royal'
arch Masons.
Precious Document.
A good story is told at the expense
of the custodian of tlie foreign docu­
ments department of th«' French Na­
tional Library. The New York Times
is authority for the anerelote.
During the visit of Klug Chulalong­
korn. of Siam, a highly prize«! paper
that no one had been able to decipher
satisfactorily, l>eeause of the mixture
of Slanies«' and Chinese characters, was
unearthed and shown to the Siamese
visitor.
Tlie King gl.anc«! at the precious
paper and then laughisl heartily, after
which he went on to explain that this
carefully guarded and highly prized
«locument was merely a tire* insurance
policy drawn up for a Chinese ciMnpany
by some Siamese firm, and that his own
signature, which it bore, was such as
all similar documenta contain. It was.
moreover, written by one of his secre­
taril's detailed for that work.
That d«x?ument is not so highly prized
as it was.
Definition < f Eternity.
Her«' is a schoollioy’s definition of
eternity: “When our ships all come in;
when the sea gives up her dead; when
Father Time bangs up his scythe: when
the heavens are rolled up like a scroll;
when Gabriel blows th«' ram’s horn;
when the solar system collapses; when
we find th«' lost Charlie Ross and the
man who struck Billy Patterson: when
Johnny g«*ts his gun; when society l>e-
comes pure; ami 'after the bnll is over*
—then will be eternity.“—New Orleans
Tlmes-I>emoerat.
“Cooper's works T’ replied the shop­
man. "Yes, madam; here the the
‘Lentherstocking Tales.' ” “I don’t
think I want them." replied the sbop-
per. "Hasn't Mr. Cooper written any
■Goif-Stocking Tales' yet?“—Harpers
B oom .