Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (April 15, 1898)
ïamhill County Reporter
ulatlon, to the estimated number of 300,- I of peace with the good offices of the In addition to the test imposed by pub nection is made to recent diplomatic cor-
lic law’ as the condition of the recognition I respondence.
ouo or more, was herded within the towns | president.
In addition, I asked the immediate revo- of the independence of a neutral state, I A dispatch from our minister to Spain
and their immediate vicinity, deprived of
to wit, that the revolted state shall “con 1 of the 26th ultimo contained that the
all means of support, rendered destitute
as to permit the people to return to their stitute in fact a body politic, having a
of shelter, left poorly clad and exposed farms and the needy to be relieved with government in substance as well as in Spanish minister for foreign affairs as
». H. BAHN II AKT. Publisher
to th© most unsatisfactory condition«.
provisions and supplies by the United name, possessed of the elements of sta sured him positively that Spain will do all
States, co-operating with the Spanish bility,” and forming de facto “if left to that the highest honor and justice re
Suffering;» of Reconcent rudos.
MsMINN VI l.LE
authorities so as to afford full relief. itself a state among the nations, rea
As the scarcity of food increased with The reply of the Spanish cabinet was re sonably capable of discharging the duties quire in the matter of the Maine.
The reply also referred to of »he 31st
th© devastation of the depeopled areas of ceived on the night of the 31st ultimo. It of a state, has Imposed for its own gov
production, destitution and want became offers as the means to bring about peace ernance in dealing with cases like these, ultimo also contained an expression of
to confide the preparation there the further condition that recognition of the readiness of Spain to submit to arbi
misery and starvation. Month by month in Cuba
all the differences which can arise
the death rate increased in alarming ra of to the Insular department, inasmuch an independent state is not due to a re tration matter, which is subsequently ex-
in this______ _
tio, and by March, 1898, according to con be the concurrence of that body would volted dependency until the danger of plained by the note of the Spanish minis
necessary to establish a final result, its being again subjugated by the parent
servative estimates from official Spanish it being however understood that the
of the 10th Inst., as
state has entirely passed away.” This ex
sources, the mortality among the recon powers reserved by the constitution to the treme test was, in fact, applied in the follows:
centrados from starvation and the dis central government are not lessened or di case of Texas.
"As to the question of
eases thereto incident exceeded 50 per minished. As the Cuban parliament does
The congress to whom President Jack- springs from the diversified views between
and the REPORTS OF THE COMMUTEES
son referred th© question as one probably
centum of the total number. No practical
Spanish government would not object, for
relief was accorded to the destitute. The its part, to accept at once a suspension leading to war, and therefore an appropri Spanish boards, Spain proposes that the
fact be ascertained by an impartial in
overburdened towns, already suffering of hostilities if asked for by the insur ate subject for a “previous understanding vestigation by experts, which decision
with that body by whom war can alone
from the general dearth, could give no gents through the general-in-chief, to be declared, and by whom all the provis Spain accepts in advance. To this I have Both Go Beyond the President’s Rec
aid. So-called zones of cultivation, estab whom it would pertain in such cases to ions for sustaining its perils must be fur made no reply.”
ommendation»—The Only Thing Now
lished within tho immediate area of effect determine the duration and conditions of nished, left the matter of recognition of
to Avert a Conflict Will Be Spain’»
Texas to the discretion of the executive,
ive military control, about the cities and the armistice.
Surrender of the Island.
The propositions submitted by General
President Grant, in 1875, in discussing the
fortified camps, proved illusory as a rem Woodford and the reply of the Spanish providing merely for the sending of diplo
matic agents when the president should purposes of the Cuban contest as it then
edy for the suffering. The unfortunates, government were both in the form of
Washington, April 14.—The burden
President MoKinley Monday sent the being for the most part women and chil brief memoranda, the texts of which are be satisfied that the republic of Texas had appeared, and the hopeless and apparent
become an “independent state.”
indefinite prolongation of such event, said: of responsibility for the next move in
tallowing message to the congress of dren, with aged and helpless men, en before mentioned and substantially in the
It W’as so recognized by President Van “I am of the opinion that other nations
feebled by disease and hunger, could not language above given. The function of Buren, who commlssiaoned a charge d’af will be compelled to assume the responsi the Spanish crisis having been shifted
the United States:
March 7, 1837, after Mexico had bility which devolves upon them, and to
by the president’s message upon tho
Obedient to that precept of the consti have tilled- the soil without tools, seeds “preparing” peace and the manner of do abandoned an attempt to conquer the
seriously consider the only remaining
or shelter, for their own support or for ing so are not explained in the Spanish
Texas territory, and then there was at the measures possible—mediation and inter shoulders of congress, the capitol today
tution which oommands the president to the supply of the cities.
memorandum, but from General Wood time no bona fide contest going on be
rive from time to time the congress in
Reconcentration adopted avowedly as a ford’s explanatory reports of preliminary tween th© insurgent province and its for vention. Owing, perhaps, to the large ex became the storm center, with tire for
panse of water separating the island from
formation of the state of the Union and war measure, to cut off the resources of discussion preceding the final conference mer sovereign.
the peninsula, the contending parties ap eign affairs committees of the two
to recommend to its consideration such the insurgents, worked its predestined re it Is understood that the Spanish govern
Cuba Not Rightly a State.
pear to have within themselves no depos houses as the foci.
measures as he shall judge necessary and sult. As I said in my message of last congress full power to settle the terms of
I said in my message of December last: itory of common confidence to suggest
The struggle in each committee was
«■pedlent, it becomes my duty now to December, it was not civilized warfare; peace with the insurgents, whether by di “It is to be seriously considered whether wisdom when passion and excitement
it was extermination, and the only peace rect negotiation or indirectly by means of th© Cuban government possesses beyond have their sway, and thus assume the long and bitter, with this marked differ
address your body with regard to the
it could beget was that of the wilderness legislation does not appear. With this dispute the attributes of statehood, which part of peacemaker.”
ence between that at tire senate wing
grave condition that has arisen in the and the grave.
In this view in the early days of the con
last overture in the direction of immedi alono can, demand the recognition of bel
test, the good offices of the United States and that at the house end of the capi
ate peace and its disappointing reception ligerency, in its favor.”
relations of the United States and Spain,
i'roifres» of the War.
Th© same requirement must certainly as the mediator were tendered in good
Spain, the executive was brought to
by reason of the warfare that for more
be no less seriously considered when the faith without any selfish purpose in the tol.
Meanwhile the military situation in the
end of his efforts.
graver issue of recognizing Independence interest of humanity and sincere friend
In tire senate end, Democrats as well
than three years has raged in the neigh island has undergone a noticeable change.
RecoornitIon Not Warranted.
is in question, for no less positive test ship for both parties, but were at the time
boring Island of Cuba. I do so because of The extraordinary activity that charac
as Republicans participated, while at
terized the second year of the war, when
declined by Spain with the declaration,
the intimate connection of the Cuban the insurgents invaded even the hitherto I said:
the lesser, while on the other hand the nevertheless, that at a future time they the house end the task was to secure
“Of the untried measures there remain— influences and consequences of the strug would be indispensable. No intimation has harmonious aotion among the Republi
question with the state of our Union, and unharmed fields of Plnar del Rio and car
gle depending upon the internal policy of
because of the grave relations which the ried havoc and destitution up to the walls Recognition of the insurgents as bellig the recognizing state, which form impor been received that in the opinion of Spain cans, so as to present, if possible, a
of the city of Havana itself, had relapsed erents, recognition of the independence of
tant factors when the recognition of bel that that time has been reached: yet the
oourse which is incumbent upon the nation Into a dogged struggle in the central and
Cuba and intervention to end the war by ligerency is concerned, are secondary if strife continues with all its dread horrors solid front when the Democrats were
to adopt must needs bear to the tra eastern provinces. The Spanish army re
imposing a rational compromise between not rightly eliminable factors when the and its injuries to the United States and finally called in for action. Pressure
ditional policy of our government, If It gained a measure of control in Pinar del the contestants, or intervention in favor of real question is whether the community other nations. Each party seems quite
Rio and parts of Havana, but under the
from every quarter was brought to bear.
Is to accord with the precepts laid down existing conditions of the rurul country, one or the other party. I speak not of claiming recognition is or is not independ capable of working great injury and dam
age to the other as w’ell as to all the rela Radicals and conservatives strained
by the founders of the republic and re
tions and interests dependent on the exist
The vital point of the
ence of »eace in the island; but they every nerve.
ligiously observed by succeeding adminis productive situation. Even thus partial I thought of. That, by our code of mor
ly restricted, the revolutionists held their ality, would be criminal aggression.”
Nor from th© standpoint of expedience seem Incapable of reaching any agreement,
contest hinged upon whether the reso
trations to the present day.
own, and their submission, put forward
and both have thus far failed of achieving
Thereupon I reviewed these alternatives
by Si»aln as the essential and sole basis
lutions should go further than the presi
for this government to recognize at the
*1*110 Caban Revolution.
of peace, seemed os far distant as at the in tho light of President Grant s message present time the independence of the so- and success whereby one party shall pos dent had gone and declare for the in
The present revolution is but the suc outset.
In this stat© of affairs my ad in the words uttered in 1875, when after called Cuban republic. Such recognition sess and control the island to the exclu
sion of the other.
dependence of Cuba from Spanish
cessor of other similar insurrections which ministration found Itself confronted with several years of sanguinary, destructive is not necessary In order to enable the
Under the circumstances the agency of domination.
Tonight a compromise
have occurred In Cuba against the do the grave problem of Its duty. My mes and cruel barbarities in Cuba, he reached United States to intervene and pacify the others, either by mediation or by inter
sage of last December reviewed the sit
Island. To commit this country now to
minion of Spain, extending over a period uation and detailed the steps taken with the conclusion that the recognition of the the recognition of any particular govern vention, seems to be the only alternative proposition was certain to be reported
of nearly half a century, each of which, a view of relieving the acuteness and independence of Cuba was impracticable ment in Cuba might subject us to em which must sooner or later be involved at both ends of the capitol.
The seriate committee’s resolution
during its progress, has subjected the opening the way to some form of hon- and indefensible, and that the recognition barrassing conditions of interest obliga for the termination of the strife.
In the last annual message of my Im will be the more radical of the two. It
of belligerence was not warranted by the tion toward Th© organization so recog
United States to great effort and expense ora ble settlement.
facts according to the texts of public law. nized. In case of intervention, our con mediate predecessor during the pending will declare for immediate interven
SuKaNta's Vain I’roniiMP«.
In enforcing its neutrality laws, caused
duct will b© subject tn the approval or struggle, it was said:
enormous loss to American trade and
Th© assassination of the primo minis I commented especially upon that phase disapproval of such government.
general recognition of the
“When the inability of Spain to deal tion, a
•ommerce, caused irritation, annoyance ter, Canovas, led to a change of govern of the question, pointing out the incon would be required to submit to its direc successfully with the insurrection has be- rights of tire Cuban people to freedom
The former administra veniences and positive dangers of recogni tion and to assume to It the mere rela come manifest, and if demonstrated that and independence, and will demand the
and disturbance among our citizens, and ment in Spain.
by the exercise of cruel, barbarous and tion, which pledged subjugation without tion of belligerence, which, while adding tion of a friendly ally, When it shall her sovereignty is extinct in Cuba, for all withdrawal of the Spanish forces from
uncivilized practices of warfare, shocked concession, gave place to that of a more to the already onerous burdens of neu appear hereafter that there is within purposes of its rightful existence, and
the sensibilities and offended tho humane liberal party, committed long In advance trality without our own jurisdiction, could the island a government capable of per when a hopeless struggle for its re-estab
„1. _ the lishment has degenerated Into the strife
The Republicans of the house coin-
to a policy of reform involving the wider not in any way extend our influence or forming the duties and discharging
sympathies of our people.
principle of home rule for Cuba and Porto effective offices in the territory of hostili functions of a nation, and having, as a which means nothing more than the use mittee practically united upon a reso-
Since the present revolution began, tn Rico.
matter of fact, the proper forms and at less sacrifice of human life ar.d the utter
February, 1895, this country has seen tho
tributes of nationality, such government destruction of the very subject-matter of lution which also directs immediate in
Th© overtures of this government mad©
be promptly and readily recognized the conflict, a situation will be presented in tervention (in that respect going be
fertile domain at our threshold ravaged through its new envoy, General Wood
by fire and sword in the course of a ford, and loklng to an immediate effective my view in this regard, and I recognize and the relations and Interests of the w’hich our obligations to the sovereignty yond the president’s recommendation),
struggle unequaled in the history of the amelioration of the condition of the as fully now as then that the issuance of United States with such nation adjusted. of Spain will be superseded by higher ob and for tire establishment of a “firm
ligations which we can hardly hesitate to and stable
Island, and rarely paralleled as to the island, although not accepted to th© ex a proclamation of neutrality, by which
government” in Cuba.
tent of admitted mediation in any shape,
There remain the alternative forms of recognize and discharge.”
number of the combatants and the bltter- were met by assurances that home rule process the so-called recognition of bellig
Smith of Michigan Btood out stubbornly
ness of the contest by any revolution of in an advanced phase should be forthwith erency is published, could, of Itself and impartial neutrality, by imposing a ra cember last, speaking to this question, I for a recognition of independence, but
modern times, w’here a dependent peoplo offored to Cuba, without waiting for the unattended by other action, accomplish tional compromise between the contest said!
the committee did not yield. When
striving to be free have been opposed by war to end, and that more humane meth- nothing toward the one end for which we ants or as the active ally of the one party
“Tho near future» w’ill demonstrate the resolutions were submitted to the
th© power of the sovereign state. Our cxls shoqld thenceforth prevail in the con labor, the Instant pacification of Cuba, and or the other, As to the first, it is not to whether the indispensable condition of a
duct of hostilities.
the last righteous peace, just alike to the Cubans Republican steering committee, they
the cessation of the misery that afflicts be
people have beheld a once prosperous
Incidentally with theso declarations th© the island.
the and Spain, as well as equitable to all our insisted that unless the words “and in
community reduced to comparative want. new government of Spain continued and
United Bt&tes has virtually been one Interests, so intimately Involved in the dependent” before “government” were
A Precedent Cited.
Its commerce virtually paralyzed, its ex completed th© policy already begun by
of friendly intervention in many wrays, welfare of Cuba, is likely to be attained.
Turning to the question of recognizing each not of Itself conclusive, but all tend If not. other action by the United States inserted, so as to read, “firm, stable
ceptional productiveness diminished, its its predecessor of testifying friendly re
fields laid waste, its mills in ruins and gard for this nation by releasing Ameri at this time the independence of the pres ing to the exertion of a potential influ will remain to be taken; whAi that time and independent government,” they
ent insurgent government in Cuba, wo
Its people perishing by tens of thousands can citizens held under one charge or find safe precedents in our history from ence tow’ard an ultimate pacific result, comes the action will be determined In the would decline to accept it. Finally,
another connected with tho insurrection,
just and honorable to all interests con line if Indisputable right of duty; it will
from hunger and destitution.
so that, by th© end of November, not a an early day. They are well summed up cerned. The spirit of all our acts hither be faced without misgiving or hesitancy assurances that this would be conceded
DHmnge to American Interest*.
to has been an earnest, unselfish desire in the light of the obligation this govern were given, and in those words plain'
national protection remained in u Spanish gresa December 21, 1836, on the subject of for peace and prosperity in Cuba, untar ment ow’es to Itself, to the people who con sailing and harmonious action seems
We have felt ourselves constrained, tn prison.
the recognition of the independence of nished by differences between the United fided the protection of their interests and
probable. The Democrats of the com
tfie observance of that strict neutrality
Texas. He said:
The Relief Movement.
States and Spain and unstained by the honor and to humanity.
“In all the contests that have arisen blood of American citizens. The forcible
Which our laws enjoin and which the laws
“Sure of the right, keplng free from all mittee have agreed to antagonize the
While these negotiations were In progress
of nations command, to police our own tho Increasing destitution of the unfor- out of th© revolutions t of France, out of Intervention of the United States as a neu offense ourselves, actuated by upright majority report with one declaring for
waters and watch our own seaports in ' túnate reconcentrados and the alarming tho disputes relating to Portugal and tral to stop the war according to the and patriotic considerations, moved nelth- independence of the island and imme
Spain, out of the separation of the Amer
prevention of any unlawful act in aid of mortality among them claimed* earnest at ican possessions of both from the Eu large dictates of humanity and following er by passion nor selfishness, the govern diate armed intervention.
ment will continue its watchful care over
Cuba. Our trade has suffered; tho capi tention. Tho success which had attended ropean governments, and out of the nu the historical precedents wherein the
United States has interfered to check the the rights and property of American citi mate independence of the island, with
tal Invested by our citizens in Cuba has I tho limited measure of relief extended to merous and constantly recurring strug hopeless sacrifice of life by internecine zens, and will abate none of its efforts out the recognition of the independence
been largely lost, and th© temper and for ¡ the suffering American citizens among gles for dominion in Spanish-American conflicts beyond their borders, is justifi to bring about by peaceful agencies a of the existing government, is the step
the Judicious expenditure, countries, so wisely consistent with able on national grounds. It Involves, peace which shall be honorable and endur
bearance of our peoplo have been so them by
which both committees are to take be
sorely tried as to beget a perilous unrest through tho consular agencies, of the Just principles has been the action of our however, hostile constraint upon both par ing. If It shah hereafter appear to be a
money appropriated expressly for their government that we have under the most
yond the president’s recommendation.
gmong our own citizens, which has Inevi succor by the Joint resolution approved critical circumstances avoided all censure ties to the contest, as well as to enforce duty imposed by our obligations to our
selves, to civilization and to humanity
A significant feature of the day in
tably followed its expression from time May 24, 1897, prompted the humane ex- and encountered no other evil than that a truce as to end the eventual settle to intervene with force, it shall be without
ment. The grounds for such intervention
connection was the delcaration of
to time In the national legislature so that i tension of a similar scheme to that great produced by a transient estrangement may be briefly summarized as follow’s:
fault on our part and only because the
Issues wholly external to our body poli body of sufferers. A suggestion to this of good will in those against whom we
necessity foi such action will
so clear General Grosvenor, of Ohio, the ad
First—In the cause of humanity and to as
-------- .... the
support ana approval ministration’s spokesman, made during
tic engross attention and stand in the way end was acquiesced in by the Spanish au- have been, by force of evidence, com- put an end to the barbarities, bloodshed,
! thoritiee. On the 24th of December I pelled to decide.
starvation and horrible miseries now’ ex of the civilized world.”
the debate in the house, that the presi
of more close devotion to domestic ad | caused to be Issued an appeal to the
“It has thus been made known to the isting there and which the parties to the
vancement that becomes a self-contented American people, Inviting contributions in world that the uniform policy and practice
dent’s recommendations must be inter
Intervention the Only Hope.
conflict are either unable or unwilling to
commonwealth, whose primal maxim has money or in kind for the succor of the of the United* States is to avoid all inter stop or mitigate. It is no answer to say
The long trial has proved that the ob preted as a declaration for the inde
ference in disputes which merely relate this is all in another country, belonging
been the avoidance of all foreign en starving sufferers In Cuba.
ject' for w’hich Spain has W’aged war pendence of the island from Spanish
Following this, on the 8th of January, to the internal government of other na to another nation, and Is therefore none
tanglements. All this must needs awaken
cannot be attained. The fire of insur dominion.
knd has indeed aroused the utmost con- was a similar public announcement of the tions, and eventuully to recognize the au of our business. It is explicitly our duty, rection may flame or may smolder with
There is a strong impression tonight
formation of a central Cuban relief com thority of the prevailing party without ref for it is right at our door.
oern on the part of this government as mittee, which had headquarters in New erence to our particular Interests and
Second—We owe it to our citizens in varying seasons, but it has not been and that the debate in the house will be
well during my predecessor’s as dur- York city, composed of members rep views or to the merits of the original
Cuba to afford them that protection and it is plain that it cannot be extinguished made short to prevent undue criticism,
Ing my own admlnistratlon.
resenting the national Red Cross and the controversy. But in this, as in every indemnity for life and property which no by present methods. The only hope of re
of the administration. Many of the
A Prrvlon« Effort to Restore Pence.
government there can or will afford, and
In to that end terminate the conditions that lief and repose from a condition w’hich Republicans are in favor of no debate
The efforts of that com- rigid adherence to these principles.
In April, 1896, the evils from which our community.
mtttee have been untiring and have accom the contest between Spain and the revolt
at all, contending that the passage of a
country suffered through the Cuban war plished much. Arrangements for free ing colonies we stood aloof and waited deprive them of legal protection.
pacification of Cuba.
Third—The right to intervene may be
resolution without debate would
became so enormous that my predecessor transportation to Cuba have greatly aided not only until the ability of the new’ states
justified by the very serious injury to the
to protect themselves was fully estab commerce, trade and business of our peo of civilization. In behalf of endangered strengthen our position
made an effort to bring about peace the charitable work.
Tho president of the American Red Cross lished, but until the chance of their being ple and by the wanton destruction of prop
through the mediation of the government
In any way that might tend to an honor and representatives of other contributory
erty and devastation of the Island.’
In the senate, it is impossible to pre
right and the duty to speak and to act,
organizations have generally visited Cuba away. Then, and not until then, were
Fourth—And which is of foremost im the war in Cuba must stop; in view’ of dict how long the debate will run.
able adjustment of the contest between and co-operated with the consul-general they recognized. Such was our course in
Spain and her revolting colony on the ba and tho local authorities to make effective regard to Mexico herself. It Is true that portance. the condition of affairs in Cuba these facts, and these considerations, 1
There is a general feeling in Wash
lls of some effective scheme of self- distribution of the relief collected through with regard to Texas the civil authorities is a constant menace to our peace, and ask congress to authorize and empower ington tonight among public men that
entails upon this government enormous ex
government for Cuba, under the flag
pense. With such a conflict w’aged for the president to take measures to se- the action of congress, as foreshadowed
and sovereignty of Spain.
It failed, ly 9200,000 In money and supplies has army defeated, the chief of the republic years in an island so near us and with w’hich cure a full termination of hostilities be-
in tho resolutions, renders the situation
himself captured, and all present power
through the refusal of the Spanish gov
coming. The supplies are admitted duty to control the newly organized govern our people have such trade and business tween the government of Spain and the
ernment then In power to consider any free, and transportation to the interior ment of Texas annihilated within its con relations—when the lives and liberty of people of Cuba, and to secure in the extremely critical, and conseiavtive
form of mediation or indeed any plan has been arranged so that the relief at fines. But. on the other hand, there is. in our citizens are In constant danger, their island the establishment of a stable gov leaders of both parties consider war in
of settlement which did not begin with first necessarily confined to Havana and appearance at least, an Immense dispar property destroyed and themselves ruined— ernment capable of maintaining order evitable as a result of their adoption,
when our trading vessels are liable to seiz
unless Spain makes a final and com
the actual submission of the insurgents tho larger cities is now extended through I ity of physical force on the side of Texas.
ure and are seized at our very* door by war and observing its international obliga
to the mother country and then only on most. If not all, of tho towns where suf The Mexican republic again is rallying its ships of a foreign nation, the expeditions tions, insuring peace and tranquillity and plete surrender by giving up Cuba.
fering exists. Thousands of lives have I forces under a new leader and menacing
such terms as Spain herself might see lit already been saved.
The situation is regarded as so critical
a fresh Invasion to recover its lost do of filibustering that we are powerless to the security of its citizens as well as
prevent altogether, and the irritating ques our own. and to use the military and that Republicans on the ways and
The necessity for a change In the con main.
“Upon the Issue of this threatened in tions and entanglements thus arising—all naval force of the United States as may means committee, as a result of private
dition of the reconcentrados is recognized
Weyler*« Inhuman Policy.
by tho Spanish government. Within a | vasion. the Independence of Texas may these and others are a constant menace to
be necessary for these purposes and in conferences, have reached an agreement
The war continued unabated, The re
few days past the orders of General Wey- be considered as suspended, and were our peace and tend to keep us on a war
listanee of Insurgents was in no wise ler have been revoked, the reconcentra there nothing peculiar in the relations be footing with that nation with which we are the Interest of humanity, and to aid in as to the method of raising 1100,000,-
preserving the lives of the starving peo 000 additional revenue annually for
diminished. The efforts of Spain were In- do» are. It is said, to bo permitted to re tween the United State« and Texas, our at peace.
ple of the island I recommend that the the prosecution of the war by increasing
creased, both by the dispatch of fresh turn to their homes, and aided to resume acknowledgment of Its Independence at
TT»e Maine Incident.
levies to Cub« and by additions to the the self-supporting pursuits of peace; pub- | such a crisis could scarcely be regarded
These elements of danger and d’.«order distribution of food and supplies be con the tax on beer and tobacco, and plac
horrors of the strife. Tho new and In lie works have been started to give them as consistent with the prudent reserve already pointed out have been strikingly tinued and that an appropriation be made
ing a tax on tea and coffee. They also
employment, and a sum of IGOO.OUO has been , with which we have httnerto held our illustrated by a tragic event which has
human phase, happily unprecedented In appropriated for their relief.
selves bound to treat all similar ques deeply and justly moved the American out of the public treasury to supple agreed to authorize the issue of a popu
ment the charity of our citizens.
the modern history of civilized Christian
people; I have already transmitted to con
The issue is now with congress: It Is lar loan of $500,000,000, and the issue
people, the policy of devastation and con
Thereupon Andrew Jackson proceeded
Tho war In Cuba is of such a nature to consider the risk that there might be gress the reuort of the naval court of in a solemn responsibility: I have exhausted of certificates of indebtedness to meet
centration. Inaugurated by the captain
general’s ban of October 21, 1896, In th© that, short of subjugation or extermina- ! imputed to the United States motives of Maine tn the harbor of Havana during the every effort to relieve the Intolerable con the emergencies.
province of Plnar del Rio, was thence tlon, a final military victory for the other selfish Interests In view of the former night of the 15th of February. The de dition of affairs which is at our doors.
Modesto, Cal., April 14. — Rev. P.
side seems Impracticable. The alternative claim on our part to the territory of
extended to embrace all of the Island to lies in the physical exhaustion of the one Texas, and of the avowed purpose of the struction of that noble vessel has filled Prepared to execute every obligation im
Smith, a priest of St. Stanislaus cathe
which the power of the Spaniards was or tho other party, or perhaps both, a con- , Texans in seeking recognition of inde the national heart with inexpressible hor- posed upon me by the constitution and
dral, dropped dead of heart disease
able to reach by occupation or by mili dltion which In effect ended the 10 years' pendence as an Incident to the incorpora ror: 258 brave sailors and marines and law, I await your action.
officers of our navy, reposing in the fan-
while celebrating mass this morning.
tary operations. The peasantry, Includ war by the truce of Zan Jon. The pros tion of Texas In the Union, concluding cied security of a friendly harbor have
Spain's I,ast Snbterfnge.
He hail just preached an eloquent ser
ing all dwelling in the open agricultural pect of such a protraction and conclu thus:
“Prudence, therefore, seems to dictate
Yesterday and since the preparation of mon on the necessity of being prepared
Interior, were driven Into the garrisoned sion of the present strife is a contingency
hardly to be contemplated with equa that we should stand aloof and maintain
the foregoing message, official information
towns or Isolated places held by the Span nimity by the civilized world, and least of our present attitude, if not until Mexico nation.
was received by me that the latest decree tor death.
The naval court of Inquiry, which. It Is of the queen regent of Spain directs Gen
ish troops. The raising of provisions of all by the United States, affected and itself or one of the great powers shall
The Knockout Proved Fatal.
all kinds was Interdicted.
Fields were objected as we are deeply and intimately recognize the independence of the new
eral Blanco. In order to prepare and facil
O., April 14.—George
government, at least until the lapse of
itate peace, to proclaim a suspension of
laid waste, dwellings unroofed and l^ed, by its very existence.
of Philadelphia, who waa
time or the course of events shall have imous in its conclusion that the destruc hostilities, the duration and details of Stout,
mills destroyed, and. In short, everything
An Offer of Mediation.
proved beyond cavil or dispute the ability tion of the Maine wws caused by an ex
knocked out by Oscar Gardner, thes^j
Realising this. It appeared to be my of the people of that country to maintain terior explosion, and also by a submarine which have not yet been communicated
that cou.u desolate the land and render It
to me. This fact with every other point Omaha Kid, in a fight last night, died
duty, in a spirit of true friendliness, no their separate sovereignty and to uphold mine. It did not assume to place the re
unfit for human habitation or support
In consideration will, I am sure, have
was commanded by one or the other con less to Spain than to the Cubans, who the government constituted by them. sponsibility. That remains to be fixed. In your careful and just attention In the from the effects of the blow this morn
It was in the 12th round that
tending parties and executed by all the have so much to lose by the prolongation Neither of the contending parties can any event, the destruction of the Maine, solemn deliberations upon which you are ing.
of the struggle, to seek to bring about Justly complain of this course. By pur by whatever exterior cause, is a patent and about to enter. If this measure attains a the fatal jolt was deliverer), Stout fall
powers at their disposal.
an immediate termination of the war To suing It we are but carrying out the long- impressive proof of a state of things in successful result, then our aspirations as
ing heavily and never regaining con
By the time the present administration this end I submitted, on the 27th ultimo, established policy of our government, a Cuba that is intolerable. That condition
a Christian, peace-loving people will be sciousness.
He was taken to a hospi
took office a year ago. reconcentration— as a result of much representation and policy which has secured to us respect is thus shown to be such that the Spanish I
realized; if It falls. It will be only another
go called—had been effective over the bet correspondence through the United States and Influence abroad and inspired confi government cannot assure safety and se justification for our contemplated action. tal, but nothing could be done for him.
curity to a vessel of the American navy
ter part of four central and western prov minister at Madrid, propositions to the dence at home.”
william M c K inley
Spanish government looking to an armis
These are the words of Andrew Jackson. In the harbor of Havana on a mission of
inces. Santa Clara. Matansas. Havana
Executive Mansion, Washinffton, April
The kangaroo readily leaps from
tice until October 1. for the negotiation They ar© evidence that the United 8tates, peace, and rightfully reference tn thia con-
and Plnar del Rio. The agricultural pop
sixty to seventy feet.
The Freedom oí Cuba
A Practical Declaration
oí War With Spain.