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About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (March 11, 1898)
Cavalotti. the Italian Poet and Slate«,
Wauti to Know When the Report May
Object of a Newly Formed Syndicate of
Washington, March 7.—It was de
Chicago, March 7. — The Tribune
veloped this afternoon, through tele says: A syndicate to take the conces
graphic correspondence between Secre- sions granted the Maritime Company
tayr Long and Admiral Sicard, that the by the republics of Nicaragua and
court of inquiry is unable to fix even Costa Rica for the construction of the
an approximate date for the conclusion canal is in process of organization by
of its investigation into the disaster to E. F. Cramin, of this city, who is now
CONSIDERED AMERICAN SOIL
the Maine. Sharing in the general in New York negotiating the contracts
anxiety for information. Secretary Long by which the newownersof the conces
today, at the instance of the cabinet, sions granted by the Centra) American
Miner« Will Ke«i«t Payment of Duties at
telegraphed Admiral Sicard asking republics and for the work already ac
That Point—Warmer Weather C'auses
when it was probable that the report of complished will come into his posses
Kush From Dyea and Skagway.
the court would be made, and late to sion. T. E. Cooley, who has been as
Seattle, March 7.—Five steamers
night the following was received:
sociated with Mr. Cramin in the enter
arrived from Alaska today—the Uto
“Secretary of the Navy—I have prise, is also in New York, gathering
pia, Hueneme, Del Norte, Protection
talked with the president of the court material for the specifications, which
and Queen. The Queen left Skagway
of inquiry and agree with him that it will be within the next 10 days present
last Sunday. E. R. Knapp, of Boston,
is not yet possible to fix a date for the ed to contractors for bids on the differ
who came down on the Queen, author
finding, as so much depends upon the ent sections of the work.
izes the statement that the Canadian
The new syndicate for the construc
progress of the divers and wreckers,
authorities raised the British flag on
and the results they obtain. Every tion of the Nicaragua canal will soon
the summit of White pass on Saturday.
effort is being made to advance the in know within a few million dollars
February 26. This has heretofore been
quiry. The court intends to return to just how much it is going to cost, fin
considered American territory.
Havana this evening, having finished ished and ready for the passage of the
Knapp’s authority for the statement is
first ship. A rough estimate from the
the investigation at Key West.
the foreman of th« Humbert Trans
data at hand on the return of Mr.
portation Company’s pack train. He
Admiral Sicard’s message is regard Cramin and Mr. Cooley from their trip
reported the affair to Mr. Knapp, who
as disposing of the reports that the J over the canal a few weeks ago, placed
is connected with the company, jus:
has obtained positive or conclu the cost within $75,000,000.
before the latter left Skagway.
sive information beating on the subject
In reference to the report that mar
ther data was collected regarding the
tial law had been proclaimed at Skag
mean that upon the testimony or dis nature of the excavation over a part of
way, Mr. Knapp said that when he left
of the divers will depend the the route, the cost njight be cut down
last Sunday no such action had been
finding, the examination of the officers to $65,000,000. This is far inside the
taken; neither was it anticipated. Mr.
and crew having been insufficient to estimates which have been presented
Knapp also said that the reports of
enable the court to even form an idea to congress in the appeals of the Mari
deaths at Dyea, Skagway and on the
to what lines may be opened up from time Company for government aid.
trails had been very much exaggerated.
The preparation of the specifications
the investigation of the wreck itself.
He had made a personal examination,
of the contractors has been as thor
and ascertained that since November
somewhat of a disappointment, in leav ough as the data in existence permitted.
1 there had been 19 deaths at Skagway,
ing the termination of the inquiry as Mr. Cooley secured all the material col
and 13 at Dyea. This is not at all
much in doubt as ever, it was wel lected by the engineers for the Mari
large, considering the population of the
comed as practically setting at rest the time Company. He then took the re
reports as to the results of the invest ports of the commission from the
The report that two men from Daw
igation up to date. It is stated that Uidted States engineer corps and to
son had perished on Whtie pass, with a
the board, in all probability, will not these he added all the material to be
large amount of gold dust on them, is
return to Key West, the department had during his thorough inspection of
said by Mr. Knapp to have no founda
intimated that it was its desire the canal at the capitals of Nicaragua
Mounted Patrol for the Northern Part that the examination of the officers and and Costa Rica.
The rivalry between the towns of
men should be concluded at this sit his return from his trip of inspection a
Skagway and Dyea is characterized by
Port Towsned, Wash., March 8.—A ting. as they are needed for reassign force of engineers was set to work un
Mr. Knapp as being “at white heat,”
der his direction, bringing into form
heretofore unknown in the ment to other ships.
and is the reason, he thinks, that so
this mass of material.
Just prior to
many exaggerated stories of death and
his departure from New York, he inti
THE SOUND'S DEFENSES.
hardship are sent out. Each town is inaugurated. It consists of mounted
mated that the specifications were so
doing all it can to throw discredit ou inspectors, ami the first man appointed Contractors Are Offered Bonuses to nearly completed that in a short time
Expedite the Work.
they would go into the hands of the
It is feared that serious trouble will F. Plummer, of this place. Collector
Wash., March 7.— contractors for bids. Bonds will be re
grow out of the Canadians’ attempt to
It is reported here today that both firms quired with all bids, and when the
collect duty on the summit of White treasury department to establish a of contractors, now constructing fortifi figures have been added, for the first
and Chilkoot passes, ami the Americans
cations for the government at Marrow time in all the years that men have
will resist the payment of duties on boundary between Eastern Washington stone point and Admiralty head, have been trying to join the Atlantic and
what they consider American ground.
been offered bonuses to expedite the Pacific by ship canals it will be known
Another complication will result from ters at Northport. A mounted inspector work. An additional gun pit, not pre somewhere near the actual figures just
the various tramways which are being
viously provided on the estimates for how much the work is going to cost.
constructed to carry freight over the with 50 cents extra per day for horse this year’s work on Admiralty head, at
“The Nicaragua canal,” he said, “is
passes. The officials of these tram
the entrance of the straits opposite this being treated as a business proposition.
ways are reported to have declared that
city, will be commenced in a short time. Our people want to know where the
any interruption with their construc to 40 miles as often as possible.
The pit will be about 50 feet square, thing is going when they begin putting
tion work or any attempt to exercise
Fierce Street Battle.
sufficient to accommodate guns and the in their money. We are going to tell
any right of ownership will be resisted.
Texarkana, Ark., March 8.—A fierce machinery for operating them. In ad them. There is no great mystery in
It is thought at Dyea and Skagway street battle occurred here this after dition to the pit proper, there will he
canal-building that it should not be
that the next movement on the part of noon in which one man was killed out underground rooms for storing ammuni
determined approximately what a canal
the Canadian authorities will be to right, another mortally wounded and a tion.
is going to cost, if engineers are honest
claim sovereignty over those two places. third seriously injured. Vinson Gra-
The work of securing title to land to enough to estimate properly the work
Last Sunday the boundary line was at viani is mortally wounded, shot be used for the government fortifica
The construction of the
Lake Bennett, then at Lindemann, and through the breast, shoulder, arm and tions at Point Wilson is being pushed
Illinois drainage canal has educated the
now is at the summit of the mountains, leg. Pete Darigo is seriously wound as rapidly as possible, nnd the work of
contractors who did that work, and they
which is only about 20 miles from salt ed.
The participants were barbers. construction will be under way there know just what to expect on the Nica
S. A. Gingola and his son-in-law, Mike early in the coming summer.
Two days before the Queen left Skag Cannela, were about to come to blows,
have been over the ground, they have
way, the wind, which had blown from when the Graviani boys and Darrigo
Spain Bought Two Cruisers.
studied climatic conditions, learned
the north continuously for seven weeks, attempted to intrecede. Gingola and
London, March 7.—Spain has pur« what their labor would cost, can esti
shifted and began to blow from the Cannela turned upon theGravianis and chased two cruisers which the Arm
southwest, causing a general thaw to both sides drawing revolvers, the battle strongs have been building for Brazil, mate closely the cost of transportation
set in. The changed weather caused was soon in progress. More than 30 the Amazonus and her sister ship, no to the canal of their machinery and
hundreds of people who had been de shots were fired. Gingola and Cau- named, of 4,000 tons each, 23 knots mateiial. With the specifications in
their hands they can bid as intelli
tained by the severe cold to start over nela fled.
and 10 guns. Spain is also negotiat gently as if the work was in an Ameri
the trails from both Skagway and
ing for and will probably secure two can state.”
The Corona Flouted.
Dyea, and when the steamer left, a gen
cruisers of a similar type which have
The terms by which the control of
eral exodus from both towns was taking
been building in France for Brazil. The
place. Both trails are reported in ex schooner Lakme, which arrived this af Amazonus is ready for launching, and the property and concessions of the
ternoon from Alaska, brings the news
Maritime Company has come into the
that the steamer Corona, which went her sister ship will soon be ready
hands of the new syndicate are not
on a rock at Lewis island, was floated
A Portland Man’s Opinion.
given out. Their arrangement was the
Portland, Or., March 7.—Northwest last Thursday evening. The Corona is deavoring to secure guns and large work of several months before the trip
territory officials have taken the initi considerably injured, the worst place | supplies of ammunition in England to Nicaragua was made.
ative in the contest for possession of being under the forward hatch, where i and the Continent for immediate use.
Who are back of the syndicate is not
The government of Spain seems to
Summit lake, by raising the Canadian she first Btruck the rock. At this i
given out by the promoters, but it is
flag on itsBhores. This lake, according point, her keel is turned over for 20 have funds, for it is understood to be claimed that the contractors have lieen
to Dr. Horace R. Littlefield, one of feet. This can be temporarily fixed paying a large part of the purchase satisfied of its financial stability. How
the best-posted men regarding Alaskan from the inside. After entering and money in cash, giving good security I much government aid and in what
affairs on the coast, is situated, as its clearing at Victoria, the Corona will for the balance, these being the only
shape will be asked are b I bo matters
name implies, at the summit of White be brought to Port Townsend, where terms upon which the Armstrongs
which neither Mr. Cramin nof Mr.
pass, about 16 miles from Skagway, her cargo will be unloaded. Captain
Cooley givee out for publication at the
Both the United States and Canada Goodall then expects to take her to San
Will Be Authorized.
present juncture. Mr. Cramin and Mr.
claim it, and the dispute regarding it Francisco without going into a drydock.
Washington, March 7.—The senate Cooley are expected to remain in New
has engendered bitter feelings between
Cruise of an Fight-Tonner.
committee on military affairs today de York about a week longer in the settle
Americans and Canadians in Alaska,
Port Townsend, March 8. — The cided to recommend the passage of a ment of the transfer of the canal from
which have rapidly increased in inten eight-ton schooner Anna Catharine put
joint resolution authorizing the aban the Maritime Company to tiie new
sity of late. The American claim to J into this place last night en route from
donment of the expedition for the re syndicate.
the lake is generally considered to be San Francisco to Alaska. When the
lief of the miners in the Klondike re
quite as well founded as that of Can schooner left the Golden Gate, nearly
ALASKA BILL PASSED.
gion,which was authorized last Decem
ada, and the action of the Dominion three months ago, she carried five
ber. There solution provides for the
officials is premature, if not wholly un persons, four men and one woman. On
sale of both the reindeer and the sup Conce««ionn Given Cannda in Lieu of
the way up the coast the little craft plies purchased for the expedition.
came near being
Suffering Is Terrible.
„ wrecked, and was
There was a suggestion that the rein
Washington, March 7.—After a de
Portland, Or., March 7.—Following forced to put into Tillamook,where the deer brought here from Norway could bate lasting several days, the r,enato
is an extract from a letter dated Febru- woman deserted and returned to San be utilized by the interior department, late this afternoon passed the bill ex
ary 21, from Rev. W. W. Warne, at Francisco. Fresh supplies were taken but the committee took the view that tending the homestead laws and pro
Haines mission, Chilkat, Alaska, re on her today, and the schooner headed the animals should be sold in prefer viding for right of way for railroads in
ence to holding them for any depart the district of Alaska. Comparatively
ceived by William Wadhams yesterday: for the north.
little discussion of general interest was
ment of the government.
“Winter set in four or five days ago
Mounting Gun« at Point Loma.
by the bill. Section 13, pro
and now we are experiencing all the
San Diego, Cal., March 8.—Lieuten
Proctor Saw a Fight.
viding for certain bonding concessions
rigors of an Alaska winter. The suf ant Humphreys, commanding battery
New York, March 7.—The Herald’s to Canada, in lieu of privileges to be
fering of some of the newcomers is ter D, Third artillery, stationed at this
rible. The Perry Humbert expedition, place, has received orders to eend his Havana correspondent says that in his extended by the Dominion government
stationed here,is going to lose 130 head company of artillery at once to Point I recent excursions Senator Proctor saw to this country, however, induced a
of horses and oxen in a day or two Loma to mount the three 10-inch rifles a lively engagement lietween a band of rather lively debate, as it brought into
more if they cannot get feed. I have recently delivered there by the United 250 insurgents and an equal number of the controversy the old fisheries ques
loaned them all I had; now we are all States government for the defense of Spanish infantry. This took place al tion on the New England coast, which
most within eight of Matanzas, in the has been pending between the United
out, except a few sacks of grain I kept this harbor.
streets of which city the senator was States and Great Britain for 100 years.
Ruola Takes a Slice.
later approached by a messenger from The statement was marie on the floor
“There is not a bale of hay to be had
London, March 8.—The Peking cor General Gomez, who openly proclaimed of the senate that there was every rea
in the country, and all of the grain is
son to believe that by the passage of
gone. Mr. Smith is now feeding 1,000 respondent of the Times says: “Russia1 his identity and mission.
the bill the fisheries question could lie
sacks of flour to try and tide over the has demanded that China surrender to
Marine« Sent Went.
settled without great effort, as assur
storm. They have a little rice they her all sovereignty over Port Arthur
Atlanta, Ga., March 7.—The navy ances to that effect had been received
will feed next. They cannot keep the and Talien Wan for the same jieriodi
poor animals either tied or blanketed, and on the same conditions as given ' department is transferring marines from a large and influential element in
Germany at Kiao Chon.
from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. Canada.
as they chew everything up.
For three days a party of two or three
One Engl inhinan’• Opinion.
“There have been several cases of
Tn the Hon«e.
London, March 8.—The Daily Mai), marines have passed through Atlanta
freezing before this on the passes, and
Two more appropriation bills were
I expect when the storm is over and discussing the "probability that the 1 each Jav on their way to the Pacific
time elapses for people to get out and United States may goad Spain into de- ' coast. The marines come from Norfolk sent to the president today, the pension
bill and the consular and diplomatic
back, there will be a good many dead daring war as a late desperate move,” j and are all going to Vallejo, Cal.
bill, both of which went through their
bodies brought in. So far as I have says:
“In America’s unprepared condition
final stage in the house today. This
learned, no bodies have l>een recovered
Washington, March 7. — Senator was private bill day. The most im
yet from the ill-fated Clara Nevada. Spain could inflict appalling damage.
Winter is a terrible thing up here. I Neither could conquer the other, and Morgan said today it was his pur|«iee portant action taken was acquiescence
don’t see what possesses people to the utmost America could gain would to introduce a resolution at an early in an agreement to make the bill ap
come. My heart aches for their fool be the equivocal triumph of securing ( date making a second call upon the propriating about $1,300,000 for war
They should at least wait Cuban independence. If Spain takes « president for consular correspondence claims, approved by the court of claims,
until spring, when the trails are open the first step, America will have herself ' bearing upon the condition of affaire under the provisions of the Bowman
act, a special order for next Friday.
and the weather not so severe.”
Canadians Raise British Flag
on White Pass.
Rome, March 8.—Signor FelTce
Carlo Cavalotti, the poet, dramatist,
publicist and well-known radical mem
ber of the chamber of deputies for Cor-
telona, was killed here this afternoon
in a duel with swords with Signor Ma
cula, member of deputies ami editor of
the Gazzetta di Venezia The encoun-
| ter was the outcome of a press polem
ics in the columns of the Milan Secolo
at un unfrequented spot outside the
Porta Magore. Signor Macula’s sec
onds were Deputies Signor Guido Fu-
sinato, a professor at the university of
Turin and member of Foltre, and
Signor Bizzoni, the publicist, and
Signor Tassi, member of the chamber
Shortly before the meeting, Signor
Cavalotti seemed in excellent spirits,
and even joked with his seconds.
When the word was given, he attacked
bis opionent vigorously.
two engagements were without result,
but in the third, Signor Cavalotti re
ceived a thrust in the throat that
severed his jugular vein.
At first, it was thought he was only
slightly injured, but the gravity of the
wound was soon perceived on his put
ting his hand to his mouth. He with
drew it covered with blood and could
not utter a word. The doctors and his
seconds carried him to Zellino, and
laid him in a bed in the residence of
the Countess Celiro. There, tracheot
omy was performed, and artificial
breathing attempted, but all efforts
were useless. Signor Cavalotti expired
in 10 minutes, without speaking again.
Signor Macola did not receive a scratch.
The news, on reaching the city,
caused a great sensation. Numerous
| deputies and friends hurried to the
1 scene, and there is universal regret over
the death of Cavalotti.
Wheat—Walla Walla, 74@76c; Val
ley and Bluestem, 77 @ 78c per bushel.
Flour—Best grades, $3.85; graham,
$3.40; superfine, $2.35 per barrel.
Oats—Choice white, 36 @ 37c; choice
gray, 38 @ 34c per bushel.
Bariev—Feed barley, $19@20; brew
ing, $20 per ton.
Millstuffs—Bran, $18 per ton; mid
dlings, $23; shorts, $18.
Hay—Timothy. $12.50; clover. $10
@11; California wheat, $10; do out,
$11; Oregon wild hay, $9@10 per ton.
Eggs—Oregon, 10c per dozen.
* > 50@55c;
fair to good, 45@50c; dairy, 35 @ 40c
Cheese—Oregon full cream, 12lac;
Young America, 13@14c.
Poultry—Chickens, mixed, $3.00@
3.50 per dozen; hens, $3 firstname.lastname@example.org;
geese, $6.00@$7.00; ducks, $5.00@
6.00 per dozen; turkeyB, live, 11 @ 12c
Potatoes—Oregon Burbanks, 40@50c
per sack; sweets, $1.75@2 per cental.
Onions—Oregon, $email@example.com per
Hops—14@16c per pound for new
crop; 1896 crop, 4@6c.
Wool—Valley, 14@16c per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 7@12c; mohair, 20@
22c per pound.
Mutton—Gross, best sheep, wethers
and ewes, 4c; dressed mutton, 7c;
spring lambs, 5 lae per pound.
Hogs—Gross, choice heavy, $4.25;
light and feeders, $firstname.lastname@example.org; dressed,
$email@example.com per 100 pounds.
|Beef —Gross, top steers, $3.50@
3.75; cows, $4.00; dressed beef, 6’a
@ 7c per pound.
Veal—Large, 6@6'ac; email, 7@8c
Potatoes—Yakimas, $14 per ton;
natives, $11 @ 13; sweets, 2c per pound;
box of 60 pounds, $1.
brick, 27c; ranch, 22 @ 23c; dairy, 18
@22c; Iowa fancy creamery, 25c.
Cheese—Native Washington, 12@
13c; Eastern cheese, 12J^c.
Eggs—Fresh ranch, 15o; California
Meats—Choice dressed beef steers,
8c; cows, 7@7 *-jc; mutton, 81^c; pork,
7c; veal, small, 8c.
Poultry—Chickens, live, per pound,
hens, 11 @ 12e; dressed, 14c; turkeys,
live, 12c; dressed, 16c.
Fresh Fish—Halibut, 6@7c; steel
heads, 6@7c; salmon trout, 10c; floun
ders and sole, 3@4o; tom cod, 4c; ling
cod, 4@5c; rock cod, 5e; smelt, 2)^@
4c; herring, 3o.
Olympia oysters, per sack, $firstname.lastname@example.org.
Wheat—Feed wheat, per ton, $23.
Oats—Choice, per ton, $23.
Corn—Whole, $23; cracked, per ton,
$23; feed meal. $23 per ton.
Barley—Rolled or ground, per ton,
$23; whole, $22.
Flour—Patents, per barrel, $4.25@
brands, $4.65; Dakota brands, $5.40@
$5.75; buckwheat flour, $6.
Millstuffs—Bran, per ton,$17; shorts,
per ton, $18@ 19.
Feed—Chopped feed, $18 @20 per
ton; middlings, per ton, $24; oil cake
meal, per ton, $35.
Hay—Puget Sound, new, per ton,
$12@ 14; Eastern Washington timothy,
$18; alfalfa, $12; straw, $7.
Ban Francisco Market.
Wool—Nevada, ll@13c; Oregon, 13
@14c; Southern coast lambs, 7@8c.
Hops—12 @17!^o per pound.
Millstuffs— Middlings, $email@example.com;
California bran, $16.50@ 17.00 per ton.
Eggs—Store, 10 @ lie; ranch, 11 @
Cheese—Fancy mild, new, 10c; old,
8t^@9c per pound.
Butter—Fancy creamery, 18c; do
seconds, 17Jxc; fancy dairy, 17c; good
to choice, 15 @ 16c per pound.
Freeh Fruit—Apples, 40c@$1.25 per
large box; grapes, 25@40c; Isabella,
60@75o; jieaches, 50c@$1; pears, 75c
@$1 i>er box; plums, 2O@85c.
Potatoes—Early RoBe, 65@75c.
Citrus Fruit—Oranges, navels, $1.25
@8.00; Mexican limes, $firstname.lastname@example.org;
California lemons, choice, $2.25; do
common, 75c@ $1 .25 per box.
Hay—Wheat, $16@ 18.50; wheat and
oat, $16@17; oat, $14.50@ 16.50; best
barley, $I3.50@15; alfalfa, $10.50@
11; clover, $11 @13.
Old Romance Recalled.
A Washington correspondent writes
to the the Chicago Tribune: Madame
Bahkmeteff, who visits her mother,
Mrs. Beale, every year, is again in the
city. She is a sister of Mrs. John R.
McLean and widow of a former Rus
sian charge d’affaires in Washington.
A romantic story of their first meeting
is told. It was in this way: Miss
Beale was sitting on the door step of
her mother’s house, one of the col
onial edifices of Lafayette square, when
her little pet dog, seeing the count
gazing admiringly at his mistress, en
tered a barking protest. The young
lady called the dog off, the count apolo
gised and the acquaintance began which
subsequently led to their marriage.
Engllnh Petroleum Ge«.
The natural gas from the well which
was struck about a year ago at Weldron,
in Sussex, is being analyzed, and is
pronounced to be probably of petroleum
origin. The Americans would have
analyzed it and lighted the town with
it long ago, as the supply is ample.
Miss Florence Hudson, of Baltimore,
Md., has a tooth of solid gold, with a
diamond in the center of it. The orna
ment cost her over $150.
The postal authorities of Paris are
said to be about to introduce motor
cars and omnibuses for the use of car
riers in the delivery of the mails.
The Smithsonian institute has just
come into possession of the Hallett
Phillips collection of Indian imple
ments ami antiquities from the Po
Interesting Report of a Government
OMr-lal on the Klondike.
Located in Circle City, 180 miles
northwest of Dawson, which all the
river traffic to and from the Klondike
passes, is the man whom the United
States government has sent out to
gather information regarding the Klon
dike which the public may know is ac
curate—Samuel C. Dunham.
Dunham is under the direct jurisdic
tion of the commissioner of labor at
All the long winter
months he has lived in a room in a
$20,000 house at Circle City, a house
that is made of logs and boards, and
whose real worth seems preposterous.
Mr. Dunham has sent some valuable
information to Washingion—or to the
United States, as he puts it. While
Alaska is a part of the United States
you never would think so if you lived
there and heard the people talk. They
always refer to the rest of the nation
as: “Back in the States.”
It is safe to say that of the thousands
already en route to the new Eldorado
only a small percentage are actually
aware of the real conditions that exist
in the land of their destination. As
gorgeous pictures of wealth have been
painted for their edification as imagin
ation could devise, and that is why
the oold facts that have come to us by
the ijid of carrier, dog and sledge, and
finally the United States mail, create
something of a feeling of astonishment.
Mr. Dunham tells us that there is
not work for the people who are al
ready in the Klondike, and that before,
the spring rush is half over the coun
try will teem with the destitute and
homeless. However, the destitution
is not now so great as it was imagined
would be the case, and this because it
has been found possible for the differ
ent camps to help one another.
When Mr. Dunham’s report, which
is now on its way, reaches Washington,
it will be sent to congress at once,
but owing to the fact that the report is
not likely to reach the department be
fore March, after the Klondike emigra
tion has passed flood tide, Mr. Dunham
has deemed it best to forward the more
important facts here presented. In
hie latest letter to the Commissioner oi
Labor Mr. Dunham says:
“I am making fair progress on my
report, and have reached a point where
I can give an outline of its practical
features. I have completed an intro
duction, giving a short sketch of the
stampede us I saw it from the other side
of the mountains; a chapter on the
Klondike containing the first accurate
account of the original discovery and
the development of the mines, and
what I hope will prove an approxi
mately correct statement of the output
(an exceedingly hard subject to handle);
a chapter on Dawson and its surround
ings, giving full information relative
to wages, cost of living, opportunities
for employment, etc., and ending up
with an account of the food famine and
the exodus, and a chapter on navigation
of the Yukon.
“I have well under way a chapter on
Cirole City and the Birch Creek dis
trict, and have all necessary data for
one on mining laws and local regula
tions, incidentally touching on the only
form of government that has been
known here previous to the present
to these I shall give considerable space
to the trails and the best means of get
ting here, ex|>ense, eto.; the best routes '
for railroads, which we assume are
bound to come within a few years, al
though we do not know what is going
on outside; the possibilities in agricuP'
ture, which are considerable in the
Yukon valley, as wheat, oats, and veg
etables of many kinds can be grown
here successfully; the outlook from the
commercial point of view, etc.
"A thousand pages could be written
on the situation without exhausting the
subject or the reader; but I shall stop
short of 400 typewritten pages.
exceedingly difficult to get information
here, on account of the great distances
and the unsettled condition of the pub
lic mind on the food question.
hard to work when one hears constant
ly on every hand stories of starvation
and death from exposure.
the situation grave, but not desperate.
There is food at Fort Yukon for 600
more men than are wintering there,
and this can be freighted to Dawson
or part of Dawson can go to it. It may
be that the transportation companies
can feed the population next year, but
it is doubted here.
“I have secured an accurate state
ment of the amount of freight landed
in Dawson by the steamers during the
season, made up from the manifests of
the boats and from information obtained
from the agents of the companies.
Less than 2,700 tons reached there, and
between 700 and 800 tons of this con
sisted of furniture, whisky, hardware,
etc.—less than 2,000 tons for 5,000 men,
and much of it was consumed during
the summer. Prices are increasing in
Dawson, flour selling for $150 a hun
dred and many more other staples in
proportion. Luxuries are not quoted,
simply commanding what a man feels
dis|>osed to pay for them. Dogs have
sold as high as $500 apiece there, and
$300 has been offered and refused here.
"Our mail carrier is still here,
stranded—without dogs or provisions to
The government pays $600
for a trip that costs $2,500.
blames the poor carrier, but everybody
damns the government and the con
tractors. I send this out by privets
"I am well and strong, The weaihei
is fine, the coldest to date Iteing 26 he-
Two feet of «now on the
ground. The sun rises at 10 and sets
at 2, giving us seven or eight hours
daylight. Moon swings in the heavens
all night, giving a light by which one
could read a newepader if it was to be
had. The trails are open and men are
starting out in every direction with
their dog teams—to Fort Yukon for
freight; to Birch creek mine«, to drift,
•nd to Dawson and thence to Juneau.”