the international character of the prob lem and in the desire of reaching some wise and practical solution of it. The British government has published a resume of th. steps taken jointly by the French ambassador in London and the special envoys of the Vailed States, wit* whom our ambassador in London actively co-operated in the presentation of this subject to her majesty’s government. This Mill be laid before congress. Our special .envoys have not made their final report, as further negotiations between the rep resentatives of this government and the governments of other countries are pend ing and in contemplation. They believe that the doubts which have been raised In certain quarters respec ting the possi bility of maintaining the stability of the rrity between the metals and kindred yestions may yet be solved by further igotiations. Meanwhile, it gives me satisfaction to lute that the special envoys have al- tady demonstrated their ability and fit- f ss to deal with the subject, and it is to be earnestly hoped that their labors may result in an international agreement which will bring about recognition of both gold and silver as money upon such terms and with such safeguards as will «ecure the use of both metals upon a basis which shall work no injuries to any class of citizens. 1 I I j • I ! I i H EC’II’ROCITY. R egro tinti«» li s Pene înK With Euro« l»*-uii ami American Governments. In order to execute as early as possible the provisions of the third and fourth sec tions of the revenue act approved July i 24, 1897, I appointed the Hon. John A. Kasson, of Iowa, a special commissioner plenipotentiary to undertake the requi site negotiations with foreign countries desiring to avail themselves of these pro visions. The negotiations are now proceed ing with several governments, both Euro pean and American. It is believed that by a careful exercise of the powers con ferred by that act, some grievances of cur own and of other countries in our mutual trade relations may be either re moved or largely alleviated, and that the volume of our commercial exchanges may toe enlarged with advantage to both con tracting parlies. THE MERCHANT .MARINE. Government Should Pouter This Liuiiiuisliing lud untry. Most desirable from every standpoint of national interest and patriotism is the effort io extend our foreign commerce. To this end our merchant marine should be improved and enlarged. We should do our full share of the carrying trade of the world. We do not do it now. We should not be laggard any longer. The inferi ority of our merchant marine is justly hu miliating to the national pride. The gov ernment, by every proper constitutional means, should aid in making our ships familiar visitors at every commercial port of the world, thus opening up new and valuable markets to the surplus products of the farm and factory. f SEALING <11 ESTI ON. KegotiatioiiN in I’roj^re«« for Preser vation of the Herd«. The efforts which have been made dur ing the two previous administrations by my predecessors to secure better protec tion to the fur seals in the North Pa cific ocean and Behring sea were renewed at an early date by this administration, and have been pursued with earnestness. Upon my invitation, the governments of Jtussia and Japan sent delegates to Wash ington, and an international conference was held during the months of October -and November last, wherein it was unani mously agreed that under the existing regulations this species of useful animals was threatened with extinction and that an international agreement of all inter ested powers was necessary for their adequate protection. The government of Great Britain did not see proper to be represented at this conference, but subsequently sent to Washington as delegates the expert com missioners of Great Britain and Canada, who had during the past two years visited the Pribyloff islands, and who met in con ference similar commissioners on the part of the United States. The result of this conference was an agreement on the im portant facts connected with the condi tion of the seal herd heretofore in dis pute, which should place beyond contro versy the duty of the government^ con cerned to adopt measures without delay for the preservation and restoration of the herds. Negotiations to this end are now in progress, the result of which I hope to be able to report to congress at an ©arly day. INTERN ATION AL ARBITRATION. Recent Events Strengthen the Presi dent’» VlewN. International arbitration cannot be omitted from the list of subjects claimin’, our consideration. Events have recently «erved to strengthen the general views on this question expressed in my Inaugural address. The best sentiment of the civil ized world is moving toward the settle ment of differences between the nations without resorting to the horrors of war. Treaties embodying these humane prin ciples on broad lines without in any way imperiling our interests or’our honor shall have my constant encouragement. THE PARIS EXPOSITION. Argument* for a Liberal Appropri ation by CongrrNN. The acceptance by this government of tho invitation of the republic of France to participate In the universal exposition of 1900 at Paris was immediately followed by the appointment of a special commls- •ioner to represent the United States in the proposed exposition w’ith special ref erence to the securing of space for an ad equate exhibit on behalf of the United States. The special commissioner delayed his departure for Paris long enough to ascer tain the probable demand for space by American exhibitors. His inquiries de veloped an almost unprecedented Interest In the proposed exposition, and the infor mation thus secured enabled him to justi fy an application for a much larger al lotment of space for the American section than had been reserved by the exposition authorities. The result was particularly gratifying in view of the fact that tho United States was one of the last coun tries to accept the invitation of France. The reception accorded our special com missioner was most cordial, and he was given every reasonable assurance that the United States would receive a consid eration commensurate with the propor tions of our exhibit. The report of the special commissioner as to the magnitude of the coming expo sition and the demand for space for Amer ican exhibits supplies new arguments for a liberal and judiciou« appropriation by congress to the end that an exhibit fairly representative of the Industries and re sources of our country may be made in an exposition which will illustrate the world a progress during the 19th century. The exposition is Intended to be the most important and comprehensive of the long series of international exhibitions of which our own at Chicago was a brilliant example and it is desirable that th« United States should make a worthy ex hibit of American genius and skill, and their unrivaled- achievements in every branch of Industry. THE NAVAL ESTABLISHMENT. Armor for New Warmhlpa «nd More Drydock« Needed. The present immediate effective force of the navy consists of four battle-ships of the flrat class; two of the second class aad 41 other vessels, ranging from armored cruisers to torpedo-boats. There are under construction five battle-ships of the first class, 16 torpedo-boats and one submarine boat. No provision has yet been made for the armor of three of the five battle-ships, as it has been impossible to obtain it at the price fixed by congress. It is of great importance that congress provide tills armor, as until then the ships are of no fighting value. The pres ent naval force, especially in view of its increase by ships now under construc tion, while not as large as that of a few otlAr powers, is a formidable force; its vessels are the very best of each type; and with the increase that should be made to it from time to time in the future and careful attention to keeping it in a high state of efficiency and repair, it is well adapted to the necessities of the country. The great increase of the navy which has taken place in recent years was justi fied by the requirements of the naval de- fens© and has received public approba- tion. The time has now arrived, how ever, when this increase to which the country is committed should for a time take the form of increased facilities com- mensurate with the increase of our naval vessels. It is an tmfortunate fact that there is only one dock on the Pacific coast capable of docking our largest ships, and only one on the Atlantic coast, and the latter has for the last six or seven months been under repair and therefore incapable of use. Immediate steps should be taken to provide three or four docks of this capacity on the Atlantic coast, at least one on the Pacific coast, and a float ing dock on the Gulf. This is the recom mendation of a very competent board ap- pointed to investigate the subject. There should also be ample provision made for powder and projectiles and other munitions of war and for an increased number of officers and enlisted men. Some additions are. also necessary to our navy yards for the repair and care of the larger number of vessels. As there are now on the stocks five battle-ships of the largest class, which cannot be completed for a year or two. I concur with the recom mendation of the secretary of the navy for an appropriation authorizing the con struction of one battle-ship for the Pa cific coast, where there is at present only one in commission and one under con struction, while on the Atlantic there are three in commission and four under con struction, and also several torpedo-boats authorizes in connection with our general system of coast defense. ExiMtliiK Conditions Demand Change in the Laws. a The territory of Alaska requires I the prompt and early attention of congre The conditions now existing demand a material 1 change in the laws relating to the territory. The great influx of popula tion during the past summer and fall and the prospect of a still larger immigra- tion in the spring will not permit us to longer neglect the extension of civil au thority within the territory or pó st pone the establishment of a more thorough government, A general system of public surveys has not yet been extended to Alaska, and all entries thus far made in that district are upon special surveys. The act of congress extending to Alaska the miniwg laws of the United States con tained the reservation that it should not be construed to put in force the general land laws of the country. By an act approved March 3, 1891. au thority was given for entry of lands for townsite purposes, and also for the pur chase of not exceeding 160 acres then or purposes of occupied for thereafter pur- The manufacture, trade and thus far congress. as of pose only that has been expressed, such rights should apply to the territory as should be specifically named, It will be seen how much remains to be done for that vast, remote, and yet promising por tion of our country. Special authority was given to the pres ident by the act approved July 24. 1897. to divide that territory into two land dis tricts, and to designate the boundaries thereof, and to appoint registers and re ceivers of said land offices, and the prési dent was also authorized to appoint a surveyor-general for the entire district. Pursuant to this authority, a surveyor general and receiver have been appoint ed. with offices at Sitka. If in the ensu ing year the conditions justify it. the addi tional land district authorized by law will be established with an office at some point in the Yukon valley. No appropria- tion. however, was made for this pur- pose, and that is now necessary to done. The Military Pont. I concur with the secretary of war in his suggestions as to the necessity for a military force in the territory of Alaska for the protection of persons and prop erty. Already a small force consisting of 25 men and two officers, under com mand of Lieutenant-Colonel Randall, of the Eighth infantry, has been sent to St. Michaels to establish a military post. As it is to the interest of the government to encourage the development of the coun try and its duty’ to follow up its citizens there with the benefits of legal machin ery, I earnestly urge upon congress the establishment of a system of government of such flexibility as will enable it to ad just itself in the future to the needs at tendant upon a greater population. education they get is by private contribu tion. No provision for the protection of the life or property of these white citi zens is made by the tribal governments and courts. The secretary of the interior reports that leading Indians have ab sorbed great tracts of land to the exclu sion of the common people, and govern ment by an Indian aristocracy has been practically' established, to the detriment of the people. It has been found impos sible for the United States to keep its citizens out of ithe territory, and the con ditions contained in the treaties with the nations have for the most part become impossible of execution. Friends of the Indians have long believed that the best interest« of the Indians of the live civil ized tribes would be found in American citizenship with all the rights and privi leges which belong to that condition. The Duwea <'omml««fton. By section 16 of the act of March 3, 1893, the president was authorized to ap point three commissioners to enter into negotiations with the Cherokee, Choctaw. Chickasaw. Muskogee (or Cre< k) and 8« mi nóle nations, commonly known as the five civilized tribes in the Indian territory. Briefly, the purpose of the negotiations was the extinguishment of the tribal title to any land within that territory, now held by any and uii such nations or tribes, either by cession of the same or some part thereof to the United States, or by allotment or by’ division of the same in severalty among the Indians of such na tions or tribes respectively as may be en titled to the same, or by such other method as may be agreed upon between the several nations and tribes aforesaid or each of them with the United States, with a view to such an adjustment upon the basis of justice and equity as may, with the consent of the said nations of Indians so far as may’ be necessary, requisite and suitable, enable the ultimate creation of a state or states of the Union which shall embrace the lands within said Indian ter ritory. The commission met much oppo sition from the beginning. The Indians were very slow to act and those in con trol manifested a decided disinclination to meet with favor the propositions sub mitted to them. More than three years ago the commission affected an agreement with the Choctaw nation alone. The Chickasaws have refused to agree to its terms, and, as they have a common inter est with the Choctaws in the lands of said nations, the agreement with the latter nation could not have been made with out tiie consent of the for met. April 23, 1897, the commission effected an agree ment with both tribes—the Choctaws and Chickasaws. This agreement, it is under stood, has been ratified by' the constituted authorities of the respective tribes or na tions or parties thereto, and only’ requires ratification by congress to make it bind ing. On the 27th of September, 1897, an agreement was effected with the (’reek nation, but it is understood that the na tional council refused to ratify the same. Negotiations are yet to be had with the Cherokees, the most populous of the five civilized tribes, and with the Seminóles, the smallest in point of numbers and ter ritory. The provision of the Indian appropria tion act approved June 10, 1896. makes it the duty' of the commission to investigate and determine the rigtits of applicants for citizenship in the live civilized tribes. The commission is at present engaged in this work among the tribes, and has made arrangements for taking the census of these people up to and including the 30th of the present month. Should the agreement between the Choc taws and Chickasaws be ratified by con gress and should the other tribes fail to make an agreement with the commission, then some legislation must be had by con gress which, while just and honorable to the Indians, shall be equitable to the white people who have settled upon these lands by invitation of the tribal nations. Hon. Henry L. Dawes, chairman of the commission, in a letter to the secretary ot the interior under date of October 11, 1897, says: “Individual ownership is not in their (the commission’s) opinion absolutely' es sential to any permanent improvement in conditions, and the lack of it is the root of nearly all the evils which have so grievously' afflicted these people. Allot ment byr agreement is the only possible method, unless the United States courts are clothed with the authority to apportion the lands among the citizen Indians for whose use it was originally granted.” I concur with the secretary of the in terior that there can be no cure for the evils engendered by the perversion of these great trusts except by their resumption by the government Which created them. QUARANTINE LAWS. Appointment of a Bacteriological Coniminnlon Aino Recommended. The recent prevalence of the yellow fever in a number of cities and towns through out the South has resulted in much dis turbance of commerce and demonstrated the necessity of such amendments to our quarantine laws as will make the regula tions of the national quarantine authori ties paramount. The secretary of the treasury, in that portion of his report relating to the opera tion of the marine hospital service, calls attention to the defects in the present Relief for Starving’ K londi kers. quarantine laws, and recommends amend The startling though possibly exag ments thereto which will give the treas gerated reports from the Yukon river ury department the requusue authority to prevent the invasion of epidemic diseases country of the probable shortage of food for the large number of people who are from foreign countries, and in times of wintering there without the means of leav emergency, like that of the past summer, ing the country, are confirmed in such w’111 add to the efficiency of the sanitary measure as to justify bringing the matter measures for the protection of the people to the attention of congress. Access to and at the same time prevent unnecessary that country this winter can be had only restrictions of commerce. 1 concur in his by the passes from Dyea and vicinity, recommendation. In further effect to prevent the invasion which is a most difficult and perhaps im possible task. However, should these re of the United States by' yellow fever, the ports of the suffering of our fellow-citi importance of the discovery of the exact zens be further verified, every effort at cause of the disease, which up to the any cost should be made to carry them present time has been undetermined, has been obvious, and to this end a systematic relief. bacteriological investigation should be made. I therefore recommend that con INDIAN AFFAIRS. gress authorize the appointment of a New Regnlntfonn for Five Civilized commission by the president to consist of I four expert bacteriologists, to be selected Tribe« Are Imperative. i from the medical corps of the marine hos For a number of y«>ars it has been ap pital service, one to be appointed from parent that the condition of the five civil civil life, one from the medical corps of ized tribes in the Indian territory under the army and one from the navy. treaty provisions with the United States, with the right of self-government and THE BOND-AIDED ROADS. the exclusion of all white persons from within their borders, have undergone so To Protect the Government*« Inter complete a change as to render the contin est In the K hiirhs Pacific. uance of the system thus inaugurated The Union Pacific railway, main line, practically impossible. The total number of the five civilized tribes, as shown by was sold under decree of the United the last census, is 45.484. and this number States court for the district of Nebraska has not materially increased, while the on November 1 and 2, this year. The white population is estimated at from amount due the government consisted of 20),000 to 250,000, which, by permission of the principal of the subsidy bonds, $27,- the Indian government, has settled in the 236,512. and the accrued interest thereon, territory. The present area of the Indian $31.211.711 75, making the total indebtedness territory is 25.564,546 acres, much of which $a8.448,223 75. The bid at the sale covered the first is very fertile land. The United States citizens residing in the territory, most of mortgage lien and the entire mortgage ! claim of the government (less interest). whom have gone there by invitation or The sale of the subsidized portion of the with the consent of the tribal authorities, Kansas Pacific line, upon which the gov have made permanent homes for them selves. Numerous towns have been built, ernment holds a second-mortgage lien, I has been postponed at the Instance of the in which from 1000 to 5000 white people [ government to December 16, 1897. The now* reside. debt of this division of the Union Pa Valuable residence and business houses cific railroad to the government, Novem have been erected in many of them and ber 31, 1897, was the principal of the sub large business enterprises are carried on sidy bonds. $6.303,000, and the unpaid and Jn which vast sums of money are em accrued interest. $6,626.690 33, making a ployed, and yet these people, who have total of $12,929,690 33. The sate of this road Invented their capital in the development was originally advertised for November of the productive resource« of the coun 4. For the purpose of securing the most try, are without title to the land they oc publie notice of the event, it was post cupy and have no voice whatever In the poned until December 16, and a second government of the nations or tribe«. advertisement of the sal« was made. By Thousands of their children who were the decree of the court, the upset price born in the territory are of school age, at th« «al« of the Kansas Pacific must but the doors of the schools of the sec yield to the government th« sum of tions are shut against theta and what 12,500,009 over all prior liens and charges. If no other or netter bid is made, this AGAIN IN SESSION, dum is ail that the government will re ceive on its c.laim of nearly $13,000,000. The government has no information as ! First Regular Meeting of the Fifty-Fifth to whether there will be other bidders or Cong re««. another bid than the maximum amount At noon Monday the first regular ses herein stated. The question presented, i therefore, is whether the government sion of the 55th congress was launched | shall, under the authority given it by the I act of March 23, 1894, purchase or redeem i upon the unknown seas of legislation. the road in the event that a bid is,not Simultaneously at both ends of the Cap I made by private parties covering the en- itol, Speaker Heed in the house and ; tire government claim. Vice-President Hobart in the senate, To enable the government to bid at the | sale ^ill require a deposit of $900.000, as dropped their gavels and ealled to or follows: In the government cause, $500,000, der the bodies over which they preside, and in each of the first mortgage causes, The sun shone brightly from a cloudless $200,000, and in the latter, the deposit sky. making a glorious bright Decem must be in cash. Payments at the sale are to be as follows: Upon acceptance ber day, with a tine of frost in the air, of the bid a sum which, with the amount and a breeze just strong enough to keep already' deposited, sh.ll equal 15 per cent the stars and stripes snapping from of the bid, the balance in installments the flagstaffs. of 25 per cent, 30, 40 and 50 days after the At the eapitol crowds swarmed into confirmation of the sale. The lien on the Kansas Pacific, prior the corridors at an early hour and to that of the government on July 30. choked the marine steps as they ascend 1897, principal and interest, amounted to $7,421,088 11. The government, therefore, ed to the galleries from which they As is usual on should it become the highest bidder, will were to view the show. have to pay the amount of the first-mort such occasions, the reserved galleries gage lien. 1 believe that under the act were carefully guarded, admission be of 1887 it has authority’ to do this, and in the absence of any action by con ing only by card, anil the public had gress 1 shall direct the secretary of the great difficulty wedging itself into the treasury’ to make the necessary deposit, limited space set aside for it. as required by’ the court’s decree, to qualify as a bidder and to bid at the sale In the Upper House. a sum which will at least equal the prin The senate chamber at 'the opening cipal of the debt due to the government, but suggest, in order to remove all con session was a veritable conservatory. troversy, that an amendment to the law The floral display was beautiful. Pre be immediately passed explicitly giving such powers and appropriating in general cisely at 12 o’clock the gavel of Vice- terms whatever hum is sufficient therefor. President Hobart fell, and the senate In so important a matter as the govern was oalled to order. An invocation ment becoming the probable owner of the was delivered by Rev. Milburn, the railroad property, which it perforce must conduct and operate, I feel constrained blind chaplain. Seventy-seven senators to lay’ before congress these facts for its responded on roll-call. consideration and action before the con The venerable Mr. Morrill, of Ver summation of the sale. It is clear to my mont, was first recognized by the vice- mind that the government should not He offered a resolution, permit the property’ to be sold at a pnee president. which will yield less than one-half the which was passed, in the usual form, principal of its debt and less than one- that the secretary inform the house fifth of its debt, principal and interest. The government, rather than accept less that the senate was in session and than its claim, should become a bidder ready to proceed to business. and thereby the owner of the property, Allison of Iowa presented a resolu and 1 submit this to congress for action. tion that a committee of two senators CONGRESSIONAL LIBRARY. Hero in in en <1 n That Co ng re«» Con tinue to Develop It. The congressional library, provided for by the act of congress approved April 17, 1896. has been completed and opened to the public. It should be a matter of con gratulation that through the foresight and munificence of congress the nation pos sesses this noble treasure-house of knowl edge. It Is earnestly to be hoped that, having done so much toward the »cause of education, congress will continue to de velop the library’ in every phase of re search, to the end that it may not only be one of the most magnificent, but among the richest and must beautiful libraries in the world. THE CIVIL SERVICE. for Further Improvement, Which Will Be Made. The important branch of our govern ment known as the civil service, the prac tical Improvement of which has long been a subject ot earnest discussion, has of late years received increased legislative and executive approval. During the past few months, the service has been placed on a still firmer basis of business meth ods and personal merit. While the right of our veteran soldiers to reinstatement in deserving cases has been asserted, dis missals for merely political reasons have been carefully guarded against, the exam inations for admittance to the service enlarged and at the same time rendered less technical and more practical, and a distinct advance has,been made by giving a hearing before dismissal upon aft case« where incompetency is charged or a de mand is made for removal of officials in any of the departments. This order has been made to give the ac cused his right to be heard without in any way impairing the power of removal, which should always be exercised in cases of inefficiency or incompetency, and which is one of the safeguards of the civil ser vice reform system, preventing stagna tion and deadwood and keeping every employe keenly alive to the fact that se curity of tenure depends not on favor, but on his own tested and carefully watched record of service. Much, of course, still remains to be accomplished before the system can be made reasonably perfect for our needs. There are places now in the classified service which ought to be exempted and others unclassified may properly be included. I shall not hes itate to exempt cases which I think have been improperly included in the classified service or include those which, in my judg ment, will best promote the public ser vice. The system has the approval of the people and it will be my endeavor to up hold and extend it. I am forced by the length of this mes sage to omit many important references to affairs of the government with which congress will have to deal at the present session. They are fully discussed in the departmental reports, to all of which 1 invite your earnest attention. The estimates of the expenses of the government by the several departments Should have your careful scrutiny. While congress may find it an easy task to re duce the expenses of the government, it should not encourage their Increase. These expenses will, in my judgment, ad mit of a decrease in many branches of thegovernment without injury to the pub lic service. It is a commanding duty to keep the appropriations within the re ceipts of the government and thus prevent a deficit. WILLIAM McKINLEY. Executive Mansion, Dec. 6, 1897. Room From all Parts of the New and Old World. BRIEF AND INTERESTING ITEM8 i Comprehensive Review of the Import* ant Happening« of the Cur rent Week. A French expedition is re|X>rted mas sacred. I The Chinese are endeavoring to settle matters with Germany. The Chickasaw and Cherokee Indians are to colonize iu Mexico. A vessel has sailed from Portsmouth, N. H., for the Klondike. The National Guard asks for an ap propriation of (2,000,000. There is a possibility of a rate war between Western railroads. A party has left San Francisco to survey a new route to the Klondike. San Francisco merchants are being prosecuted for selling adulterated olive | oil. At Salinas, Cal., two burglars clever ly jailed the jailer and a deputy I sheriff. A tremendous rich gold strike is re ported on Dog creek, a tributary of the Yukon. The son of a New York millionaire ' died in the county hospital in San Francisco. The Georgia senate wants to send state convicts to Cuba to tight for th» insurgents. .be appointed to join a like committee Senator Perkins has introduced a from the house to inform the president joint resolution authorizing the presi that congress was in session, and pre dent to appoint a committee to draft a pared to receive any communication he code of laws for the territory of Alaska. might desire to make. The resolution The man who helped hang Frank was passed, and tl»,c vice-president named Allison and Gorman as a senate Butler, the “murderer of the moun tains,” in Australia, was arrested in committee. By resolution of Cullom of Illinois, San Francisco, accused of larceny of a the time of the daily meetings of the coat. One of tiie most horrible lynchings 'senate was fixed at noon. On motion of Hale of Maine, a recess was then ever known in Nevada has occurred at Genoa, 14 miles from Carson. Aram taken until 1 o’clock. At 1:30 the senate reassembled and Uber, who last week shot and killed the committee, headed by Gorman, re- jlans Anderson in a Millerville saloon, ix>rted. The president’s message was was taken by a mob of masked men and presented by Mr. Pruden at 1:30 hanged to a cottonwood tree half a o'clock, and was laid before the senate mile from the jail. When taken from liis cell, the victim had nothing on but and read. a shirt. -This was torn off by th» In the Lower Houne. lynchers, and tiie nude body was left The house of representatives present dangling in the air for six hours. As ed an animated appearance long before the body was being pulled up the mob noon. The surrounding corridors were riddled it with bullets. When satis filled with jostling, moving crowds be fied that the man wus dead the vigil fore 11 o’clock. The galleries which antes dispersed and returned to their overlook the floor were black with peo homes. ple. Floral tributes for members were E. L. Hewes, the Wichita mountain, numerous, and in some instances im boomer, who has been at Wichita for posing.' three weeks trying to organize a party, As the hands of the clock pointed to has left for Olkahoma City without » 12 Speaker Reed, attired in a blaclf single follower. At different times he cutaway coat, and wearing a red tie, claimed to have from 500 to 1,000 ascended the rostrum. The crack of boomers ready to follow his lead into the gavel subdued the din on the floor the country. and conversation in the galleries. In Torn Hoshi, envoy extradonlinary and the deep silence which followed the calling of the assemblage to order, minister plenipotentiary from Japan to prayer was offered by the eminent the United States, was a passsenger divine, Rev. Chalies A. Boney, of from the Orient on the City of Peking, England, who delivered an invocation wlych I as just arrived in San Fran cisco. He will leave for Washington solemn and impressive. The speaker then directed the clerk nt oii'ln carrying with him instructions to call the roll. The roll call showed in reference to the Hawaiian treaty of the presence of 301 members. There annexation which will be considered were 55 vacancies from death or resig by the United States senate. nation during the recess, and the cre When the German reinforcement», dentials of the members-elect were read consisting of four companies of ma by direction of the speaker, who then rines, numbering 23 officers and 1,200 administered the oath of office to them. men, and a company of naval artillery, On motion of Dingley a resolution was arrive at Kiao Chan bay, for whieh adopted for the appointment of a com jxiint, as already cabled, they will soon mittee of three to join the senate com set out, they will bring the German mittee to wait upon the president and force tiiere up to 4,566 men, the lar inform him that congress was ready to gest body Germany has ever sent be receive any communication lie desired yond Eropean waters. It is understood to make. The speaker named Dingley, that the reserves had to be drawn upon. Grosvenor and Bailey for this honor. Surgeon-Genera I Wyman, of the On motion of Henderson of Iowa daily sessions to begin at noon each day were marine hospital service, has submitted ordered. The house then took a short his annual report to Secretary Gage. It shows that during the fiscal year ended recess. When the house ' reassembled the June 30, 1897, the total nuinbet of committee appointed to wait upon the patients treated at hospitals mid th» president reported, hnving perfected its i dispensm ies connected with the servia» mission. Mr. Pruden, who had fol was 54,477. Although the total num lowed the committee into the hall, im ber of patients treated was 673 in ex mediately presented the message,which, cess of those treated during the pre by direction of the speaker, was read at vious fiscal year, the ex|>endituree were (538,536, which is (21,090' less than the clerk’s desk. the previous year. Appropriatlon« Recommended, Secretary Gage Monday, transmitted to congress estimates of the appropria Prof. Walter T. Scheele, a scientist of tions required for the fiscal year ending Rahway, N. J., has sounded what he June 30, 1HUV, as furnished by several The total claims is the death knell of the mos executive departments. quito, and It is to be hoped for the amount called for in the estimates is sake of a long suffering people that his (462,647,885, which is about (32,000,- claim Is correct. Living as he does in 000 in excess of the appropriations for New Jersey, famed in the funny papers 1898, including deficiencies and miscel as the home of the largest and most laneous expenses, and alaiut (41,000,- warlike members of the mosquito tribe, 000 more than was estimated for 1898. he has had ample opportunity to study Under the head of public works the treasury department,among other items, the Insects, and at the same time plen« asks for (100,000 for the erection of a ty of Incentive, in the shape of attacks courthouse, penitentiary, etc., at Sitka, from the pests, to work toward their Alaska, and (50,000 for continuation destruction. It Is well known that mos of the work on the public building at quitoes breed on the surface of the wa Portland, Or. ter In swampy places, and the profes Hayti Read* to l*«y. sor's idea Is to kill the eggs while still A dispatch to the Frankfurter Zei- on the water and before they are hatch ed. To do this he throws Into the wa tnng of Berlin from Washington says ter a small quantity of permanganate Hayti is ready to pay Germany the in of potash, aud when this dissolves It demnity demanded for the alleged ille instantly destroys the life in all the gal arrest and imprisonment of Herr egga lying on the doctored water. He Emil Lueders, a German subject. has made experiments In his la Oratory Fatal Hotel Fire. and found that with one small pinch of permanganate he can kill all the Fire broke out in the Lake honse in mosquitoes in a l.OOOgallon tank of Milwaukee, Wis. Sixty people were water. On this basis, be aays, two or asleep in the iiostiery at the time. three ounces will be sufficient to treat Charles Patterson, a dock laborer, a ten acre ares. If the professor knows lost his life, being overcome by smoke, what he Is talking about, the exter and five others were injured. The pe mination of th« annoying insectsabonld cuniary loss is small. *ot be a very difficult matter. A model bMabaad lata Ms wtfa bars her own way, even whsa be known • la not good for bar. NEWS OF TIIE WEEK I I I I The annual report of James H. E' kle», controller of the currency, for the year ended October 31, 1897, opens with a brief resume of the history of the legi»- lation which constitutes the present National-bank net, and invites The at- tention of congress to amendments to the law recommended in former report»^ without specifically repealing them. The controller renews Ins recommend ation of last year, urging that national bank examiners be paid mi annual sal ary instead of fees, as now. Further information from Washing ton respecting the proposed canal and locks for the channel at the dalles in to the effect that it is profiosed to push the work with a deal of rapidity. The contract system and modern methods of excavation and building have made it clear that years need not lie spent upon a work of this character. If the con tract for improving tiie Columbia by a small channel at the dalles is adopted | it will no doubt be stipulated that the work must be done witii rapidity. The insurgents have literally wiped out the Spanish town of Guisa of 80V I inhabitants. Senator McBride of Oregon, ban in- ' traduced a hill in the senate to aid in ; the constriction of an aerial tramway ! and railway lino from Dyea to Lak» Bennett. Three thoausand horses,worth (SOff,- Antl-Hebrew Riot Quelled. 000, lie lieneath the »now on tho Whit» An anti-Hebrew riot which started 1 paws trail. Six hundred campers rep- in Budapest}! has finally been quelled I resent an investment of (500,000 for by the police who made 100 arresta outfits and provisions.