The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904, December 10, 1897, Image 3

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    the international character of the prob­
lem and in the desire of reaching some
wise and practical solution of it.
The British government has published a
resume of th. steps taken jointly by the
French ambassador in London and the
special envoys of the Vailed States, wit*
whom our ambassador in London actively
co-operated in the presentation of this
subject to her majesty’s government. This
Mill be laid before congress. Our special
.envoys have not made their final report,
as further negotiations between the rep­
resentatives of this government and the
governments of other countries are pend­
ing and in contemplation. They believe
that the doubts which have been raised
In certain quarters respec ting the possi­
bility of maintaining the stability of the
rrity between the metals and kindred
yestions may yet be solved by further
Meanwhile, it gives me satisfaction to
lute that the special envoys have al-
tady demonstrated their ability and fit-
f ss to deal with the subject, and it is to
be earnestly hoped that their labors may
result in an international agreement
which will bring about recognition of
both gold and silver as money upon such
terms and with such safeguards as will
«ecure the use of both metals upon a
basis which shall work no injuries to
any class of citizens.
R egro tinti«» li s Pene înK With
l»*-uii ami American Governments.
In order to execute as early as possible
the provisions of the third and fourth sec­
tions of the revenue act approved July i
24, 1897, I appointed the Hon. John A.
Kasson, of Iowa, a special commissioner
plenipotentiary to undertake the requi­
site negotiations with foreign countries
desiring to avail themselves of these pro­
visions. The negotiations are now proceed­
ing with several governments, both Euro­
pean and American. It is believed that
by a careful exercise of the powers con­
ferred by that act, some grievances of
cur own and of other countries in our
mutual trade relations may be either re­
moved or largely alleviated, and that the
volume of our commercial exchanges may
toe enlarged with advantage to both con­
tracting parlies.
Liuiiiuisliing lud untry.
Most desirable from every standpoint of
national interest and patriotism is the
effort io extend our foreign commerce. To
this end our merchant marine should be
improved and enlarged. We should do our
full share of the carrying trade of the
world. We do not do it now. We should
not be laggard any longer. The inferi­
ority of our merchant marine is justly hu­
miliating to the national pride. The gov­
ernment, by every proper constitutional
means, should aid in making our ships
familiar visitors at every commercial port
of the world, thus opening up new and
valuable markets to the surplus products
of the farm and factory.
KegotiatioiiN in I’roj^re«« for Preser­
vation of the Herd«.
The efforts which have been made dur­
ing the two previous administrations by
my predecessors to secure better protec­
tion to the fur seals in the North Pa­
cific ocean and Behring sea were renewed
at an early date by this administration,
and have been pursued with earnestness.
Upon my invitation, the governments of
Jtussia and Japan sent delegates to Wash­
ington, and an international conference
was held during the months of October
-and November last, wherein it was unani­
mously agreed that under the existing
regulations this species of useful animals
was threatened with extinction and that
an international agreement of all inter­
ested powers was necessary for their
adequate protection.
The government of Great Britain did
not see proper to be represented at this
but subsequently sent to
Washington as delegates the expert com­
missioners of Great Britain and Canada,
who had during the past two years visited
the Pribyloff islands, and who met in con­
ference similar commissioners on the part
of the United States. The result of this
conference was an agreement on the im­
portant facts connected with the condi­
tion of the seal herd heretofore in dis­
pute, which should place beyond contro­
versy the duty of the government^ con­
cerned to adopt measures without delay
for the preservation and restoration of the
herds. Negotiations to this end are now
in progress, the result of which I hope
to be able to report to congress at an
©arly day.
Recent Events Strengthen the Presi­
dent’» VlewN.
omitted from the list of subjects claimin’,
our consideration. Events have recently
«erved to strengthen the general views on
this question expressed in my Inaugural
address. The best sentiment of the civil­
ized world is moving toward the settle­
ment of differences between the nations
without resorting to the horrors of war.
Treaties embodying these humane prin­
ciples on broad lines without in any way
imperiling our interests or’our honor shall
have my constant encouragement.
Argument* for a Liberal Appropri­
ation by CongrrNN.
The acceptance by this government of
tho invitation of the republic of France
to participate In the universal exposition
of 1900 at Paris was immediately followed
by the appointment of a special commls-
•ioner to represent the United States in
the proposed exposition w’ith special ref­
erence to the securing of space for an ad­
equate exhibit on behalf of the United
The special commissioner delayed his
departure for Paris long enough to ascer­
tain the probable demand for space by
American exhibitors.
His inquiries de­
veloped an almost unprecedented Interest
In the proposed exposition, and the infor­
mation thus secured enabled him to justi­
fy an application for a much larger al­
lotment of space for the American section
than had been reserved by the exposition
authorities. The result was particularly
gratifying in view of the fact that tho
United States was one of the last coun­
tries to accept the invitation of France.
The reception accorded our special com­
missioner was most cordial, and he was
given every reasonable assurance that
the United States would receive a consid­
eration commensurate with the propor­
tions of our exhibit.
The report of the special commissioner
as to the magnitude of the coming expo­
sition and the demand for space for Amer­
ican exhibits supplies new arguments for
a liberal and judiciou« appropriation by
congress to the end that an exhibit fairly
representative of the Industries and re­
sources of our country may be made in
an exposition which will illustrate the
world a progress during the 19th century.
The exposition is Intended to be the most
important and comprehensive of the long
series of international exhibitions of
which our own at Chicago was a brilliant
example and it is desirable that th«
United States should make a worthy ex­
hibit of American genius and skill, and
their unrivaled- achievements in every
branch of Industry.
Armor for New Warmhlpa «nd More
Drydock« Needed.
The present immediate effective force of
the navy consists of four battle-ships of
the flrat class; two of the second class
aad 41 other vessels, ranging
armored cruisers to torpedo-boats. There
are under construction five battle-ships of
the first class, 16 torpedo-boats and one
submarine boat.
No provision has yet
been made for the armor of three of the
five battle-ships, as it has been impossible
to obtain it at the price fixed by congress.
It is of great importance that congress
provide tills armor, as until then the
ships are of no fighting value. The pres­
ent naval force, especially in view of its
increase by ships now under construc­
tion, while not as large as that of a few
otlAr powers, is a formidable force; its
vessels are the very best of each type;
and with the increase that should be made
to it from time to time in the future and
careful attention to keeping it in a high
state of efficiency and repair, it is well
adapted to the necessities of the country.
The great increase of the navy which
has taken place in recent years was justi­
fied by the requirements of the naval de-
fens© and has received public approba-
tion. The time has now arrived, how­
ever, when this increase to which the
country is committed should for a time
take the form of increased facilities com-
mensurate with the increase of our naval
It is an tmfortunate fact that
there is only one dock on the Pacific coast
capable of docking our largest ships, and
only one on the Atlantic coast, and the
latter has for the last six or seven months
been under repair and therefore incapable
of use.
Immediate steps should be
taken to provide three or four docks of
this capacity on the Atlantic coast, at
least one on the Pacific coast, and a float­
ing dock on the Gulf. This is the recom­
mendation of a very competent board ap-
pointed to investigate the subject.
There should also be ample provision
made for powder and projectiles and other
munitions of war and for an increased
number of officers and enlisted men. Some
additions are. also necessary to our navy­
yards for the repair and care of the larger
number of vessels. As there are now on
the stocks five battle-ships of the largest
class, which cannot be completed for a
year or two. I concur with the recom­
mendation of the secretary of the navy
for an appropriation authorizing the con­
struction of one battle-ship for the Pa­
cific coast, where there is at present only
one in commission and one under con­
struction, while on the Atlantic there are
three in commission and four under con­
struction, and also several torpedo-boats
authorizes in connection with our general
system of coast defense.
Change in the Laws.
The territory of Alaska requires I the
prompt and early attention of congre
The conditions now existing demand a
material 1 change in the laws relating to
the territory. The great influx of popula­
tion during the past summer and fall and
the prospect of a still larger immigra-
tion in the spring will not permit us to
longer neglect the extension of civil au­
thority within the territory or pó st pone
the establishment of a more thorough
government, A general system of public
surveys has not yet been extended to
Alaska, and all entries thus far made in
that district are upon special surveys.
The act of congress extending to Alaska
the miniwg laws of the United States con­
tained the reservation that it should not
be construed to put in force the general
land laws of the country.
By an act approved March 3, 1891. au­
thority was given for entry of lands for
townsite purposes, and also for the pur­
chase of not exceeding 160 acres then or
such rights should apply to the territory
as should be specifically named, It will
be seen how much remains to be done for
that vast, remote, and yet promising por­
tion of our country.
Special authority was given to the pres­
ident by the act approved July 24. 1897. to
divide that territory into two land dis­
tricts, and to designate the boundaries
thereof, and to appoint registers and re­
ceivers of said land offices, and the prési­
dent was also authorized to appoint a
surveyor-general for the entire district.
Pursuant to this authority, a surveyor­
general and receiver have been appoint­
ed. with offices at Sitka. If in the ensu­
ing year the conditions justify it. the addi­
tional land district authorized by law
will be established with an office at some
point in the Yukon valley. No appropria-
tion. however, was made for this pur-
pose, and that is now necessary to
The Military Pont.
I concur with the secretary of war in
his suggestions as to the necessity for a
military force in the territory of Alaska
for the protection of persons and prop­
Already a small force consisting
of 25 men and two officers, under com­
mand of Lieutenant-Colonel Randall, of
the Eighth infantry, has been sent to
St. Michaels to establish a military post.
As it is to the interest of the government
to encourage the development of the coun­
try and its duty’ to follow up its citizens
there with the benefits of legal machin­
ery, I earnestly urge upon congress the
establishment of a system of government
of such flexibility as will enable it to ad­
just itself in the future to the needs at­
tendant upon a greater population.
education they get is by private contribu­
tion. No provision for the protection of
the life or property of these white citi­
zens is made by the tribal governments
and courts. The secretary of the interior
reports that leading Indians have ab­
sorbed great tracts of land to the exclu­
sion of the common people, and govern­
ment by an Indian aristocracy has been
practically' established, to the detriment
of the people. It has been found impos­
sible for the United States to keep its
citizens out of ithe territory, and the con­
ditions contained in the treaties with the
nations have for the most part become
impossible of execution. Friends of the
Indians have long believed that the best
interest« of the Indians of the live civil­
ized tribes would be found in American
citizenship with all the rights and privi­
leges which belong to that condition.
The Duwea <'omml««fton.
By section 16 of the act of March 3,
1893, the president was authorized to ap­
point three commissioners to enter into
negotiations with the Cherokee, Choctaw.
Chickasaw. Muskogee (or Cre< k) and 8« mi­
nóle nations, commonly known as the five
civilized tribes in the Indian territory.
Briefly, the purpose of the negotiations
was the extinguishment of the tribal title
to any land within that territory, now
held by any and uii such nations or tribes,
either by cession of the same or some
part thereof to the United States, or by
allotment or by’ division of the same in
severalty among the Indians of such na­
tions or tribes respectively as may be en­
titled to the same, or by such other
method as may be agreed upon between
the several nations and tribes aforesaid or
each of them with the United States, with
a view to such an adjustment upon the
basis of justice and equity as may, with
the consent of the said nations of Indians
so far as may’ be necessary, requisite and
suitable, enable the ultimate creation of a
state or states of the Union which shall
embrace the lands within said Indian ter­
ritory. The commission met much oppo­
sition from the beginning. The Indians
were very slow to act and those in con­
trol manifested a decided disinclination
to meet with favor the propositions sub­
mitted to them. More than three years
ago the commission affected an agreement
with the Choctaw nation alone.
Chickasaws have refused to agree to its
terms, and, as they have a common inter­
est with the Choctaws in the lands of said
nations, the agreement with the latter
nation could not have been made with­
out tiie consent of the for met. April 23,
1897, the commission effected an agree­
ment with both tribes—the Choctaws and
Chickasaws. This agreement, it is under­
stood, has been ratified by' the constituted
authorities of the respective tribes or na­
tions or parties thereto, and only’ requires
ratification by congress to make it bind­
On the 27th of September, 1897, an
agreement was effected with the (’reek
nation, but it is understood that the na­
tional council refused to ratify the same.
Negotiations are yet to be had with the
Cherokees, the most populous of the five
civilized tribes, and with the Seminóles,
the smallest in point of numbers and ter­
The provision of the Indian appropria­
tion act approved June 10, 1896. makes it
the duty' of the commission to investigate
and determine the rigtits of applicants for
citizenship in the live civilized tribes.
The commission is at present engaged in
this work among the tribes, and has made
arrangements for taking the census of
these people up to and including the 30th
of the present month.
Should the agreement between the Choc­
taws and Chickasaws be ratified by con­
gress and should the other tribes fail to
make an agreement with the commission,
then some legislation must be had by con­
gress which, while just and honorable to
the Indians, shall be equitable to the
white people who have settled upon these
lands by invitation of the tribal nations.
Hon. Henry L. Dawes, chairman of the
commission, in a letter to the secretary ot
the interior under date of October 11, 1897,
“Individual ownership is not in their
(the commission’s) opinion absolutely' es­
sential to any permanent improvement in
conditions, and the lack of it is the root
of nearly all the evils which have so
grievously' afflicted these people. Allot­
ment byr agreement is the only possible
method, unless the United States courts
are clothed with the authority to apportion
the lands among the citizen Indians for
whose use it was originally granted.”
I concur with the secretary of the in­
terior that there can be no cure for the
evils engendered by the perversion of these
great trusts except by their resumption by
the government Which created them.
Appointment of a Bacteriological
Coniminnlon Aino Recommended.
The recent prevalence of the yellow fever
in a number of cities and towns through­
out the South has resulted in much dis­
turbance of commerce and demonstrated
the necessity of such amendments to our
quarantine laws as will make the regula­
tions of the national quarantine authori­
ties paramount.
The secretary of the treasury, in that
portion of his report relating to the opera­
tion of the marine hospital service, calls
attention to the defects in the present
Relief for Starving’ K londi kers.
quarantine laws, and recommends amend­
The startling though possibly exag­ ments thereto which will give the treas­
gerated reports from the Yukon river ury department the requusue authority to
prevent the invasion of epidemic diseases
country of the probable shortage of food
for the large number of people who are from foreign countries, and in times of
wintering there without the means of leav­ emergency, like that of the past summer,
ing the country, are confirmed in such w’111 add to the efficiency of the sanitary
measure as to justify bringing the matter measures for the protection of the people
to the attention of congress.
Access to and at the same time prevent unnecessary
that country this winter can be had only restrictions of commerce. 1 concur in his
by the passes from Dyea and vicinity, recommendation.
In further effect to prevent the invasion
which is a most difficult and perhaps im­
possible task. However, should these re­ of the United States by' yellow fever, the
ports of the suffering of our fellow-citi­ importance of the discovery of the exact
zens be further verified, every effort at cause of the disease, which up to the
any cost should be made to carry them present time has been undetermined, has
been obvious, and to this end a systematic
bacteriological investigation should be
made. I therefore recommend that con­
gress authorize the appointment of a
New Regnlntfonn for Five Civilized commission by the president to consist of
I four expert bacteriologists, to be selected
Tribe« Are Imperative.
i from the medical corps of the marine hos­
For a number of y«>ars it has been ap­ pital service, one to be appointed from
parent that the condition of the five civil­ civil life, one from the medical corps of
ized tribes in the Indian territory under the army and one from the navy.
treaty provisions with the United States,
with the right of self-government and
the exclusion of all white persons from
within their borders, have undergone so To Protect the Government*« Inter­
complete a change as to render the contin­
est In the K hiirhs Pacific.
uance of the system thus inaugurated
The Union Pacific railway, main line,
practically impossible. The total number
of the five civilized tribes, as shown by was sold under decree of the United
the last census, is 45.484. and this number States court for the district of Nebraska
has not materially increased, while the on November 1 and 2, this year. The
white population is estimated at from amount due the government consisted of
20),000 to 250,000, which, by permission of the principal of the subsidy bonds, $27,-
the Indian government, has settled in the 236,512. and the accrued interest thereon,
territory. The present area of the Indian $31.211.711 75, making the total indebtedness
territory is 25.564,546 acres, much of which $a8.448,223 75.
The bid at the sale covered the first
is very fertile land. The United States
citizens residing in the territory, most of mortgage lien and the entire mortgage
! claim of the government (less interest).
whom have gone there by invitation or
The sale of the subsidized portion of the
with the consent of the tribal authorities,
Kansas Pacific line, upon which the gov­
have made permanent homes for them­
selves. Numerous towns have been built, ernment holds a second-mortgage lien,
I has been postponed at the Instance of the
in which from 1000 to 5000 white people [ government to December 16, 1897. The
now* reside.
debt of this division of the Union Pa­
Valuable residence and business houses
cific railroad to the government, Novem­
have been erected in many of them and
ber 31, 1897, was the principal of the sub­
large business enterprises are carried on
sidy bonds. $6.303,000, and the unpaid and
Jn which vast sums of money are em­
accrued interest. $6,626.690 33, making a
ployed, and yet these people, who have
total of $12,929,690 33. The sate of this road
Invented their capital in the development was originally advertised for November
of the productive resource« of the coun­ 4. For the purpose of securing the most
try, are without title to the land they oc­ publie notice of the event, it was post­
cupy and have no voice whatever In the
poned until December 16, and a second
government of the nations or tribe«. advertisement of the sal« was made. By
Thousands of their children who were the decree of the court, the upset price
born in the territory are of school age,
at th« «al« of the Kansas Pacific must
but the doors of the schools of the sec­ yield to the government th« sum
tions are shut against theta and what 12,500,009 over all prior liens and charges.
If no other or netter bid is made, this
dum is ail that the government will re­
ceive on its c.laim of nearly $13,000,000.
The government has no information as ! First Regular Meeting of the Fifty-Fifth
to whether there will be other bidders or
Cong re««.
another bid than the maximum amount
At noon Monday the first regular ses­
herein stated. The question presented, i
therefore, is whether the government sion of the 55th congress was launched
| shall, under the authority given it by the
I act of March 23, 1894, purchase or redeem i upon the unknown seas of legislation.
the road in the event that a bid is,not Simultaneously at both ends of the Cap­
I made by private parties covering the en- itol, Speaker Heed in the house and
; tire government claim.
Vice-President Hobart in the senate,
To enable the government to bid at the |
sale ^ill require a deposit of $900.000, as dropped their gavels and ealled to or­
follows: In the government cause, $500,000, der the bodies over which they preside,
and in each of the first mortgage causes, The sun shone brightly from a cloudless
$200,000, and in the latter, the deposit sky. making a glorious bright Decem­
must be in cash. Payments at the sale
are to be as follows: Upon acceptance ber day, with a tine of frost in the air,
of the bid a sum which, with the amount and a breeze just strong enough to keep
already' deposited, sh.ll equal 15 per cent the stars and stripes snapping from
of the bid, the balance in installments
the flagstaffs.
of 25 per cent, 30, 40 and 50 days after the
At the eapitol crowds swarmed into
confirmation of the sale.
The lien on the Kansas Pacific, prior the corridors at an early hour and
to that of the government on July 30. choked the marine steps as they ascend­
1897, principal and interest, amounted to
$7,421,088 11.
The government, therefore, ed to the galleries from which they
As is usual on
should it become the highest bidder, will were to view the show.
have to pay the amount of the first-mort­ such occasions, the reserved galleries
gage lien. 1 believe that under the act were carefully guarded, admission be­
of 1887 it has authority’ to do this, and
in the absence of any action by con­ ing only by card, anil the public had
gress 1 shall direct the secretary of the great difficulty wedging itself into the
treasury’ to make the necessary deposit, limited space set aside for it.
as required by’ the court’s decree, to
qualify as a bidder and to bid at the sale
In the Upper House.
a sum which will at least equal the prin­
The senate chamber at 'the opening
cipal of the debt due to the government,
but suggest, in order to remove all con­ session was a veritable conservatory.
troversy, that an amendment to the law The floral display was beautiful.
be immediately passed explicitly giving
such powers and appropriating in general cisely at 12 o’clock the gavel of Vice-
terms whatever hum is sufficient therefor. President Hobart fell, and the senate
In so important a matter as the govern­ was oalled to order.
An invocation
ment becoming the probable owner of the was delivered by Rev. Milburn, the
railroad property, which it perforce must
conduct and operate, I feel constrained blind chaplain. Seventy-seven senators
to lay’ before congress these facts for its responded on roll-call.
consideration and action before the con­
The venerable Mr. Morrill, of Ver­
summation of the sale. It is clear to my
mont, was first recognized by the vice-
mind that the government should not
He offered a resolution,
permit the property’ to be sold at a pnee president.
which will yield less than one-half the which was passed, in the usual form,
principal of its debt and less than one- that the secretary inform the house
fifth of its debt, principal and interest.
The government, rather than accept less that the senate was in session and
than its claim, should become a bidder ready to proceed to business.
and thereby the owner of the property,
Allison of Iowa presented a resolu­
and 1 submit this to congress for action. tion that a committee of two senators
Hero in in en <1 n That
Co ng re«» Con­
tinue to Develop It.
The congressional library, provided for
by the act of congress approved April 17,
1896. has been completed and opened to
the public. It should be a matter of con­
gratulation that through the foresight and
munificence of congress the nation pos­
sesses this noble treasure-house of knowl­
edge. It Is earnestly to be hoped that,
having done so much toward the »cause
of education, congress will continue to de­
velop the library’ in every phase of re­
search, to the end that it may not only
be one of the most magnificent, but
among the richest and must beautiful
libraries in the world.
Further Improvement,
Which Will Be Made.
The important branch of our govern­
ment known as the civil service, the prac­
tical Improvement of which has long been
a subject ot earnest discussion, has of
late years received increased legislative
and executive approval. During the past
few months, the service has been placed
on a still firmer basis of business meth­
ods and personal merit. While the right
of our veteran soldiers to reinstatement
in deserving cases has been asserted, dis­
missals for merely political reasons have
been carefully guarded against, the exam­
inations for admittance to the service
enlarged and at the same time rendered
less technical and more practical, and a
distinct advance has,been made by giving
a hearing before dismissal upon aft case«
where incompetency is charged or a de­
mand is made for removal of officials in
any of the departments.
This order has been made to give the ac­
cused his right to be heard without in
any way impairing the power of removal,
which should always be exercised in cases
of inefficiency or incompetency, and which
is one of the safeguards of the civil ser­
vice reform system, preventing stagna­
tion and deadwood and keeping every
employe keenly alive to the fact that se­
curity of tenure depends not on favor,
but on his own tested and carefully
watched record of service.
Much, of
course, still remains to be accomplished
before the system can be made reasonably
perfect for our needs. There are places
now in the classified service which ought
to be exempted and others unclassified
may properly be included. I shall not hes­
itate to exempt cases which I think have
been improperly included in the classified
service or include those which, in my judg­
ment, will best promote the public ser­
vice. The system has the approval of the
people and it will be my endeavor to up­
hold and extend it.
I am forced by the length of this mes­
sage to omit many important references
to affairs of the government with which
congress will have to deal at the present
session. They are fully discussed in the
departmental reports, to all of which 1
invite your earnest attention.
The estimates of the expenses of the
government by the several departments
Should have your careful scrutiny. While
congress may find it an easy task to re­
duce the expenses of the government, it
should not encourage their Increase.
These expenses will, in my judgment, ad­
mit of a decrease in many branches of
thegovernment without injury to the pub­
lic service. It is a commanding duty to
keep the appropriations within the re­
ceipts of the government and thus prevent
a deficit.
Executive Mansion, Dec. 6, 1897.
From all Parts of the New
and Old World.
Comprehensive Review of the Import*
ant Happening« of the Cur­
A French expedition is re|X>rted mas­
I The Chinese are endeavoring to settle
matters with Germany.
The Chickasaw and Cherokee Indians
are to colonize iu Mexico.
A vessel has sailed from Portsmouth,
N. H., for the Klondike.
The National Guard asks for an ap­
propriation of (2,000,000.
There is a possibility of a rate war
between Western railroads.
A party has left San Francisco to
survey a new route to the Klondike.
San Francisco merchants are being
prosecuted for selling adulterated olive
| oil.
At Salinas, Cal., two burglars clever­
ly jailed the jailer and a deputy
I sheriff.
A tremendous rich gold strike is re­
ported on Dog creek, a tributary of the
The son of a New York millionaire
' died in the county hospital in San
The Georgia senate wants to send
state convicts to Cuba to tight for th»
.be appointed to join a like committee
Senator Perkins has introduced a
from the house to inform the president joint resolution authorizing the presi­
that congress was in session, and pre­ dent to appoint a committee to draft a
pared to receive any communication he code of laws for the territory of Alaska.
might desire to make. The resolution
The man who helped hang Frank
was passed, and tl»,c vice-president
named Allison and Gorman as a senate Butler, the “murderer of the moun­
tains,” in Australia, was arrested in
By resolution of Cullom of Illinois, San Francisco, accused of larceny of a
the time of the daily meetings of the coat.
One of tiie most horrible lynchings
'senate was fixed at noon.
On motion
of Hale of Maine, a recess was then ever known in Nevada has occurred at
Genoa, 14 miles from Carson. Aram
taken until 1 o’clock.
At 1:30 the senate reassembled and Uber, who last week shot and killed
the committee, headed by Gorman, re- jlans Anderson in a Millerville saloon,
ix>rted. The president’s message was was taken by a mob of masked men and
presented by Mr. Pruden at 1:30 hanged to a cottonwood tree half a
o'clock, and was laid before the senate mile from the jail. When taken from
liis cell, the victim had nothing on but
and read.
a shirt. -This was torn off by th»
In the Lower Houne.
lynchers, and tiie nude body was left
The house of representatives present­ dangling in the air for six hours. As
ed an animated appearance long before the body was being pulled up the mob
noon. The surrounding corridors were riddled it with bullets. When satis­
filled with jostling, moving crowds be­ fied that the man wus dead the vigil­
fore 11 o’clock.
The galleries which antes dispersed and returned to their
overlook the floor were black with peo­ homes.
ple. Floral tributes for members were
E. L. Hewes, the Wichita mountain,
numerous, and in some instances im­
boomer, who has been at Wichita for
three weeks trying to organize a party,
As the hands of the clock pointed to
has left for Olkahoma City without »
12 Speaker Reed, attired in a blaclf
single follower.
At different times he
cutaway coat, and wearing a red tie,
claimed to have from 500 to 1,000
ascended the rostrum.
The crack of
boomers ready to follow his lead into
the gavel subdued the din on the floor
the country.
and conversation in the galleries.
Torn Hoshi, envoy extradonlinary and
the deep silence which followed the
calling of the assemblage to order, minister plenipotentiary from Japan to
prayer was offered by the eminent the United States, was a passsenger
divine, Rev. Chalies A. Boney, of from the Orient on the City of Peking,
England, who delivered an invocation wlych I as just arrived in San Fran­
cisco. He will leave for Washington
solemn and impressive.
The speaker then directed the clerk nt oii'ln carrying with him instructions
to call the roll.
The roll call showed in reference to the Hawaiian treaty of
the presence of 301 members. There annexation which will be considered
were 55 vacancies from death or resig­ by the United States senate.
nation during the recess, and the cre­
When the German reinforcement»,
dentials of the members-elect were read consisting of four companies of ma­
by direction of the speaker, who then rines, numbering 23 officers and 1,200
administered the oath of office to them. men, and a company of naval artillery,
On motion of Dingley a resolution was arrive at Kiao Chan bay, for whieh
adopted for the appointment of a com­ jxiint, as already cabled, they will soon
mittee of three to join the senate com­ set out, they will bring the German
mittee to wait upon the president and force tiiere up to 4,566 men, the lar­
inform him that congress was ready to gest body Germany has ever sent be­
receive any communication lie desired yond Eropean waters. It is understood
to make. The speaker named Dingley, that the reserves had to be drawn upon.
Grosvenor and Bailey for this honor.
Surgeon-Genera I Wyman, of the
On motion of Henderson of Iowa daily
sessions to begin at noon each day were marine hospital service, has submitted
The house then took a short his annual report to Secretary Gage. It
shows that during the fiscal year ended
When the house ' reassembled the June 30, 1897, the total nuinbet of
committee appointed to wait upon the patients treated at hospitals mid th»
president reported, hnving perfected its i dispensm ies connected with the servia»
Mr. Pruden, who had fol­ was 54,477. Although the total num­
lowed the committee into the hall, im­ ber of patients treated was 673 in ex­
mediately presented the message,which, cess of those treated during the pre­
by direction of the speaker, was read at vious fiscal year, the ex|>endituree were
(538,536, which is (21,090' less than
the clerk’s desk.
the previous year.
Appropriatlon« Recommended,
Secretary Gage Monday, transmitted
to congress estimates of the appropria­
Prof. Walter T. Scheele, a scientist of tions required for the fiscal year ending
Rahway, N. J., has sounded what he June 30, 1HUV, as furnished by several
The total
claims is the death knell of the mos­ executive departments.
quito, and It is to be hoped for the amount called for in the estimates is
sake of a long suffering people that his (462,647,885, which is about (32,000,-
claim Is correct. Living as he does in 000 in excess of the appropriations for
New Jersey, famed in the funny papers 1898, including deficiencies and miscel­
as the home of the largest and most laneous expenses, and alaiut (41,000,-
warlike members of the mosquito tribe, 000 more than was estimated for 1898.
he has had ample opportunity to study Under the head of public works the
treasury department,among other items,
the Insects, and at the same time plen«
for (100,000 for the erection of a
ty of Incentive, in the shape of attacks
courthouse, penitentiary, etc., at Sitka,
from the pests, to work toward their
Alaska, and (50,000 for continuation
destruction. It Is well known that mos­
of the work on the public building at
quitoes breed on the surface of the wa­
Portland, Or.
ter In swampy places, and the profes­
Hayti Read* to l*«y.
sor's idea Is to kill the eggs while still
A dispatch to the Frankfurter Zei-
on the water and before they are hatch
ed. To do this he throws Into the wa­ tnng of Berlin from Washington says
ter a small quantity of permanganate Hayti is ready to pay Germany the in­
of potash, aud when this dissolves It demnity demanded for the alleged ille­
instantly destroys the life in all the gal arrest and imprisonment of Herr
egga lying on the doctored water. He Emil Lueders, a German subject.
has made experiments In his la Oratory
Fatal Hotel Fire.
and found that with one small pinch
of permanganate he can kill all the
Fire broke out in the Lake honse in
mosquitoes in a l.OOOgallon tank of Milwaukee, Wis. Sixty people were
water. On this basis, be aays, two or asleep in the iiostiery at the time.
three ounces will be sufficient to treat Charles Patterson, a dock
a ten acre ares. If the professor knows lost his life, being overcome by smoke,
what he Is talking about, the exter­ and five others were injured. The pe­
mination of th« annoying insectsabonld cuniary loss is small.
*ot be a very difficult matter.
A model bMabaad lata Ms wtfa bars
her own way, even whsa be known •
la not good for bar.
The annual report of James H. E' kle»,
controller of the currency, for the year
ended October 31, 1897, opens with a
brief resume of the history of the legi»-
lation which constitutes the present
National-bank net, and invites The at-
tention of congress to amendments to
the law recommended in former report»^
without specifically repealing them.
The controller renews Ins recommend­
ation of last year, urging that national
bank examiners be paid mi annual sal­
ary instead of fees, as now.
Further information from Washing­
ton respecting the proposed canal and
locks for the channel at the dalles in to
the effect that it is profiosed to push
the work with a deal of rapidity. The
contract system and modern methods of
excavation and building have made it
clear that years need not lie spent upon
a work of this character. If the con­
tract for improving tiie Columbia by a
small channel at the dalles is adopted
| it will no doubt be stipulated that the
work must be done witii rapidity.
The insurgents have literally wiped
out the Spanish town of Guisa of 80V
I inhabitants.
Senator McBride of Oregon, ban in-
' traduced a hill in the senate to aid in
; the constriction of an aerial tramway
! and railway lino from Dyea to Lak»
Three thoausand horses,worth (SOff,-
Antl-Hebrew Riot Quelled.
000, lie lieneath the »now on tho Whit»
An anti-Hebrew riot which started
1 paws trail. Six hundred campers rep-
in Budapest}! has finally been quelled
I resent an investment of (500,000 for
by the police who made 100 arresta
outfits and provisions.