The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904, September 24, 1897, Image 6

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    care of that. The actual worth of the
land improvements of Buskin Is esti-
mated at $60,600.
If there were any doubt as to the so­
cialistic sincerity of the Ruakinites, one
N THE heart of
a
Tennessee
valley, nt the
town of Ruskin,
the
Almighty
Hollar lias been
pulled
down
from Its high
plane and an al- i
tar has lieen set ,
up to work by
a community of |
socialists,
who
are trying to prove that universal Jus- I
tice may be u business success. They
started in on the text that ‘‘All labor
Is equal in value," and for three years
have faithfully lived up to It. By that
standaril a diligent president should!
ritorni s i i. u. itcnsoy.
of value by which all achievement Is
measured.
The prni'tlciil object of the com­
munity is Io see If the world cannot do
without the system of hire, by which
men are worked with no direct inter­
est lu the result. In Ruskin every­
thing belongs to everybody: tlie prolit
of tlie community Is tlie profit of each
man In It. mid lite honest endeavor of
every member helps the other two hun-
..irty Just ns much as It does
died and tllllT
himself, Each man owns the wealth
lie helps to make, and gets the profit
of his toll. I'lie plan has been tested
by three hard, struggling years, and
Its founders no longer regard it ns an
experiment, They have built n city
without avarice and in Its future lies
the solution of the bitter difficulties
that spilt the world into two angry
factions, known ns labor mid capital.
In Ruskin the government Is liter­
ally by the people and for the people.
It educates the children, pensions tlie
aged, provides for the sick mid gives a
home mid a good living to all. men and
women alike, who are willing to work
for the common good. The president
gets the same recompense as the butch­
er. and neither talent nor training can
alter tlie value of mi hour's lalsir.
A Journalist by the mime of Way-
l.'ind, who ran a labor paper In Greens­
burg, Ind., was the first starter of this
new I’topin. After firing all the so­
cialists In the country with Ids articles
on community property mid the equal­
ity of labor, he called for volunteers
who should build their own city and
control their own farms mid factories.
He looked nt various tracts of land,
mid finally sent mi ngeut to Inspect an
unbroken wilderness In Tennessee.
The advertised "farming land" was
covered with huge trees and Impene­
trable underbrush. The "town” was
a dark, sunless ravine, without f<xxl or
water. The “populous neighborhood"
wns peopled by a few forlorn. Indolent
natives and a number of tierce razor-
luicks
In spite of this report, how­
ever, Waylaud purchased the property
and lioonied it magnificently In Ills pa­
per. Koon the pioneers In tlie cause of
socialism Is'gnn to set out for thia new
Eden, which they knew vaguely as
“Ruskin, fifty miles west of Nash­
ville."
The first to arrive was E. R. Ixins-
bury, whose ardent socialism was con­
siderably dampened when he found
hlmeelf lu n mud cabin on a gloomy
| If he has a wife, she Is also entitled
THE FUTURE TELEGRAPHY.
' to earn fifty hour-checks a week, for
Every Man Will Prepare His Own
she is paid for working in her home.
Mersice «lip.
The children get tlielr living In return
An Increasing amount of attention
I for going to school and are allowed to
Is being given nowadays to the possi­
bilities of rapid telegraphy. By tlie
Wheatstone system, in which a pre­
viously punched strip of paper Is fed
into the transmitter, from 100 to 150
words a minute are now easily sent
over a single wire, a speed which Is
three or four tinier that of the opera­
tor who manipulates a Morse kty. By
the Rogers system, not yet In general
use. It Is claimed that 200 words a
minute can lie bandied and printed on
sidehill, with a dense Jungle on all
sides and no water within half a mile,
lie might have gone back forever to
capital and Inequality, but his wife
followed the next day, and a few days
later a socialistic shoemaker dawned
on the horizon and helped dig a well.
A month later that dismal valley con­
tained a carpenter, a machinist, a bar­
ber, a shoemaker, a butcher, a cooper,
a farmer, a wire nail operative, a far­
_
mer, a blacksmith anil a man in gen­
eral, who was put down as a laborer.
PRINCIPAL STREET IN RLsKIN.
Not long after the founder of the com­
munity dropped In—and was wise remarkable fact in tlielr history would earn twenty hours' worth of labor
enough to leave without ostentation or remove it forever. The seventy-eight checks a week out of school hours.
farewells, lifter mooting their exasper- stockholders paid $500 apiece for their
The coin of the realm is in tlie form
ntod questions with a mild suggestion ••hares, which have now risen to a value of paper checks, which represent so
that the best thing to do was to put u|
if $861. The question of a dividend many hours of labor. The schoolmas­
ter. after teaching all the morning, re­
ceives a paper cheek which certifies
that he lias done three hours’ labor for
THE NEW TRANSMITNKK.
the community and Is entitled to an ex­
a
typewriter
automatically. What is
act equivalent. When outsiders come
to the store, as many of the neighbors called the Delany system Is still more
do, they pay for tlielr purchases in rapid. But all these achievements and
cash, as they would anywhere, but projects are surpassed by a plan de­
there is a separate price list for the scribed by Lieut. George Owen Squler
Ruskiuite, reading somewhat as fol­ of the Third United States artillery
and assistant professor of physics at
lows:
One pound of tea.. .
................11..hours Dartmouth. In some experiments
Three sticks of candy
.................. Mi hour conducted by Lieutenant Squler, in co­
One cut of tobacco..
.................. 2. hours operation with Prof. A. C. Crehore at
One pair of trousers.
. .............. 37. hours Fort Monroe, a speed of 1,200 words
One lemon.........
..................Vi . hour per minute was actually attained, and
One pair woman ihoet best. .52M j hours tlie assertion is made that from 3,000
One pound crackers... ............. 2% hours to 6,000 words a minute may be sent
One pound of coffee.. ................ 7 hours
< >ne gallon coni oil..., ............. oy2 hours by tlie same system between points as
One straw hat.............
.............. 15 hours far apart as New York and Chicago.
One great novelty about the new
One p.-iir best shoes
.............. 70 hours
One quart peanuts.............................. I hour plan is that it utilizes an alternating
One yard gingham............................ 2 hours current Instead of a constant one.
One gallon gasoline.......................... 6 hours Now, if an alternating current be in­
The first two years of the commu­ terrupted, and if the interruption oc­
nity’s existence were all struggle and curs at just tlie stage of an alteration
suffering mid discouragement, and it which is midway between a positive
needed the courage and heroism of the and a negative wave, there will be no
Pilgrim Fathers to keep the little baud spark, because the force which was
together. Socialism lived In a Tennes­ flowing in one direction subsides to
see wilderness is a very different thing zero before it begins to flow in the
from socialism read in a book or spoken other. AVhat Messrs. Squler and Cre-
from a platform, and many- a time the bore propose, then, is to interrupt
members would have gladly gone back their current and restore it at just
to theory and left the practice alone. such “zero points" in the oscillation as
GENERAL VIEW OF Bl SKIN,
Some dropped out, disheartened, but of tills. But the sparks will not disap­
manufactories and make themselves was brought up, but was voted down the thirty-five original members twenty pear unless the “make" and “break”
into a big city as quickly ns possible.
by the stockholders themselves, who still remain. The community- can now occur at precisely tlie right instant:
The community, left to Itself, decid­ preferred to devote the surplus to the show seventy-four heads of families, and thus a simple and valuable guide
ed that its one chance of a future lay general good, since tlielr object was and numbers 214 members in all. Mu­ Is afforded the operator in adjusting
in tlie erecting of a printing establish­ not personal wealth. When any one sic receives as much attention as art his apparatus. When he finds that
ment, so baker, barber, wire nail oper­ wants to join the Ruskin community and arithmetic and scroll sawing in the «parking lias ceased, lie knows that his
ator and all Joined the one carpenter he must pass a written examination on schools, and the department earns its transmitter interrupts and restores tlie
and put up the building. That, a little his principles. He must be able to do principal's labor checks for eighty flow at tlie zero stage, and is working
clearing and a few cottages, was all any useful labor assigned to him. he hours a we< k. It already possesses five In perfect harmony witli the particular
that was accomplished that summer, must believe in uniform compensation. pianos, seven organs, nine violins, five frequency of alternation employed.
and tlie winter brought hunger and
guitars, one bass viol, one banjo, three
Now, let us suppose that tlie Morse
cold mid utter desolation.
cornets, two flutes, oue fife, one pic­ alphabet, which is composed of dots
Lonslniry and eighteen others incor­
colo and one tuba.
and dashes, Is io be tried with this sys­
porated tlie colony under tlie law gov­
The people of Ruskin are all from the tem. In that case a break lasting from
erning the formation of mining and
laboring classes and many of them have the beginning of a positive wave until
manufacturing companies, laid out ave­
little education, but the greatest inter­ Its end might stand for tlie-dot, and a
nues, cut down trees mid were very
est is taken in that of the children. For break from the beginning of a positive
cold, hungry and uncomfortable. After
the smaller ones there is a kindergarten wave, but coni inning past its subsi­
a year of struggle they decided to move
held out of doors in ii beautiful grove dence through tlie rise and fall of the
to a more passable location.
of beech trees. In addition to the reg­
After some exploring a beautiful, fer­
ular school there is a class in fine arts,
tile valley was found. Five hundred
where drawing, painting, sculpture and
acres of magnificent soil are now de­
pptterymaklng are studied under Pro­
voted to oichard and vineyard, corn,
fessor Isaac Broome, a well-known
wheat mid oats and to the homes of the
sculptor, who was oue of New York's
colonists.
commissioners to tlie Paris Exposition.
Ono thousand acres of beautiful for­ he must be able to coherently define so­ Professor Broome has long been a the­
est land represents the stock farm. A cialism, communism and competition.
oretical socialist, and has played a
The machine by which messages are
three story building contains tlie co­ A ballot is taken on his answers. If in
prominent part in the community, sent with an alternating current, is
operative dining-room and the theater, his favor he pays down $5(10 and takes
though lie comes from a much higher very simple. A narrow wheel with a
and In the library there are more than possession of his cottage as a regular
walk of life than most of the members. flat, narrow periphery Is kept in rota­
l.otio books, chiefly or. socialism mid member of the colony. He is guaran­
He takes a leading part in the sympo­ tion at a rate which is rapid and Is
economics. Tlie whole place radiates teed work for every well day and pay
siums, as the weekly meetings for so­ equal to an integer number of cycles.
cheerfulness mid energy. It would be for every sick one. He has neither
cialistic discussion are called.
Let us Imagine, now, that the wire
hard to tii.d In the working classes of taxes nor rent to pay. nor doctor’s bills.
The chief claim of the ltuskinites is carrying the message is cut in two, and
that as common people they nave skill­ the adjacent ends are provided with
fully managed a great social and busi­ flexible metallic tips, or "brushes."
ness undertaking, and so far have and that these two brushes rest, side
made no serious mistakes. In one year by side, on the periphery of tlie wheel.
they have increased the value of their Obviously tlie current will flow from
holding by $32,055, and contentment one brush into the metal of the wheel,
and harmony pervade all they do. If and thence into the other brush, so
they could accomplish so much surely long as the wheel remains clean. If.
able, trained organizers could do much however, a little patch of paper or
more, and from that they argue that In other insulating material be attached
time the State, the country, the whole to the periphery at a certain point, ev­
world would be run on a communistic ery time it comes around it will break
basis. No personal capital, labor tlie tlie contact between one brush and tlie
standard of value: from these they de­ wheel, and thus open the circuit. As
duce a world without covetousness, soon as the patch is past tlie connec­
tion will be restored.
which is almost a world without sin.
This, however, was not the exact
plan really pursued. In practice a
A New “Ad" Scheme.
Advertising tnreatens to break out long, narrow strip of paper was kept
in a new place. Many barber shops in motion by the wheel, just as a belt
In this city have recently received from Is by a pulley. This strip lias been
a corporation, officered with men of dis­ previously perforated with holes of dif­
tinguished surnames, a circular pro­ ferent lengths, long or short, and care­
posing an ingenious enterprise. The fully spaced. One brush rested on top
company writes to obtain the privilege of it. and the other pressed upward
of posting advertisements on the walls against it from below, the two being
and ceilings of barber shops at such removed a short distance from the
points as shall come within the range wheel, and situated one directly above
qf vision of persons that submit them­ the other. So long as the brushes were
selves to the bands of the barber and separated by the paper strip no cur­
his assistants. It Is the hope of the rent would flow, but when a hole per­
company that the barbers will yield up mitted one to reach through and touch
their wall space In return for so many the other the current would lie restor­
shares of stock per chair in the com­ ed. The Interruption and restorations
pany. and the glittering hoi>e is held out of the current always occurred at the
that when the business is once well zero stage, between positive and nega­
established the stock at a par value of tive waves, so that no sparking result­
$10 will pay dividends of 50 per cent, ed after the brushes were once adjust­
annually. It is announced that the busi­ ed. The wheel P was geared to the
ness Is already establishes in 3.(MX) bar­ dynamo so as to make one revolution
ber shops lu Philadelphia.—New York to every 184 half-cycles. The perforat­
ed tape is Indicated nt T. The current
Sun.
wires are shown at W W, but the
brushes are hidden by the adjustable
Why Not Grow Herts?
NAW MILL AN I» CLIFF.
Germany has l.IXMJ.OOOacres of land support S. An actual speed of 1.200
in sugar beets, and France has 1,700, words a minute wns secured in this
any country sixty other families who nor school bills, nor washiug. Ills chil­ 000. Ten or twelve tons of beets can way, and three or four times that rate
are as well off as these, who fare so dren are given schooling, music, lan­ lie grown to the acre mid will yield a Is said to be entirely feasible.
It Is thought that a telegraph com­
One million acre« of
well, have as many comforts and can guages and industrial training for ton of sugar.
give as much time to reading ami mu­ nothing. He Is entitled to draw checks sugar beets give a crop worth $30.000,- pany of the future will fulfill a some­
sic. There is a newspaper, whose week­ for fifty hours’ work each week. If ho tX(O. One million acres In corn at pres­ what different function from the pres­
ly circulation comes to more than 80.- does more it is not paid for. and so Is a ent prices give a crop worth $6.230,000. ent ones. The company will own its
000, and so brings up the salary of the gratuitous present to the community. Why not grow sugar beets?—Leaven­ own wires and rights of way as now,
but the tendency of the offices proper
ltuskln Postmaster to a figure unusual There Is no taskmaster to watch him. worth Times,
will be to transmit and receive letters
In so small a town. There is a mort­ but he Is not expected to shirk. Three
gage of $•1,000 on the farm, but 503 who attempted It were promptly sus­
Some people save money by not pay already prepared, rather than to un-
s-»rt*ke the preparation of the letters
acres of fertile land can easily take pended from the community
Ing tlielr bills.
as well. When the system comes Into
general use, IlUolutsHt unices will have
tneir own perforators, and It will be­
come necessary for the operator to
learn the telegraph alphabet as a part
of his preparation as a stenographer
and typewriter. The three-key pel»
forating machine is comparatively in­
expensive, but undoubtedly a machine
could be devised at an early date, as an
attachment to tlie present typewriter,
for the purpose of perforating letters
at the same time that they are lieing/
written by tlie typewriter In the usual
way. These perforated strips of paper
will be carried to the telegraph office,
as letters are now delivered at the post­
office, and the telegraph operator will
slip the strip on the machine, and off
will go the message.
BROTHER OF THE NOVELIST.
W. H. I>. Hairord the New British
Minister to Caracas.
W. II. I). Haggard, the new British
minister resident at Caracas lu Vene­
zuela, Is a brother of the famous nov­
elist, Rider Haggard. He Is the first
diplomatic agent to be sent to the
South American country in many years.
The relations of the two nations have
not been such as to permit the presence
of a British minister in Caracas. Now
that these relations have made way for
a more cordial feeling the Intercourse
has been resumed. Mr. Haggard is one
of the oldest men in the service. He
lias been in the consular department
for full thirty years and has filled many
minor offices. Since 1894 he has been
W. H. D. HAGGARI».
British consul general at Tunis. His
mission to Caracas is in the way of pro­
motion. Mr. Haggard will be succeeded
at Tunis by Sir Henry’ Johnston.
A TURKISH COUNTRESS.
Once an American Girl, Ehe Is Now
the Wife of a Pasha.
The Countess Djemil. the beautiful v
wife of Gen. Hassan Djemil I’asha, ■
one of the most distinguished of the
Turkish commanders that took part lu
the recent triumphant
campaign
against the Greeks, is an American
woman, and a few years ago was a so­
ciety belle of San Francisco. She was
formerly Miss Eva Taaffee, a grand­
daughter of the late AV. T. Taaffee,
who was prominent in business circles
in early days. Miss Taaffee went to
Paris five years ago. entered the con-
seravtory there, and attained quite a
reputation as a singer. Gen. Hassan
Pasha is n Belgian by birth and enter­
ed the military service of the Sultan
twenty’ years ago. He adopted the
Mohammedan faith with tlie privilege
COUXTRESS n.TEMIT..
of taking but one wife.
Tlie Count
and Countess Djemil reside in one- of
tlie handsomest mansions in Con­
stantinople. presented to tlie Count by
the Sultan as a token of regard for
his military services.
For Dead and Mourner.
City life tends to make the funeral»
of its people less and less elalxtrate.
Business keeps friends from attending
the last ceremonies, till each year finds
fewer and fewer of the deceased's
companions accompanying tlie body
to Its last resting-place. This state of
NEW FVXKRAb CAR.
affairs has led to the Introduction in
New Y’ork of a combination vehicle
for funerals. In which the coffin la
placed at the top. with seats under­
neath for friends who wish to go to
the graveyard. There is a special par­
titioned apartment for the relatives of
the dead.
Density of l»eep Water.
So dense is the water In the deepest
parts of the ocean that an Ironclad, if
It were to sink, would never reach the
bottom.
Cupid steals a base every time lover»
look at the moon.