Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1895)
0. R. & N. CO
T1 a cjnn
E. McNEILL, Receiver.
GIVES THE CHOICE OF
It must open its eyes. It must wink
and blink and nap again. It must
stretch and yawn and complain. It is
as if a huge tortoise was trying to work
loose from its shell.
Banks was getting ready for his move.
DENVER Every report which Kenton received as
he neared the front went to assure him
the fact. He was on foot, dodging
from forest to forest and from field to
ST. PAUL KANSAS CY field and betraying himself only to a
few whom he knew conld be trusted.
LOW RATES.TO ALL
After the first day out he became satis
fied that he was being dogged by Reube
Parker. The latter must also have been
provided with a pass to take him
Leave Portland Every B Days through all Confederate lines, but
though he bung to Kenton’s trail he
• • FOR • •
did not betray his presence except by
accident. Everywhere along Banks’
front were evidences that a forward
move was on the tapis, and before Ken
ton’s work was finished he had secured
For full detail» call on
a pretty fair estimate of the Federal
C. A. WAl.LAt E, McMinnville, Or.
strength. Banka knew that Confederate
scouts and spies would be seeking in
W. If Hl Hl.Hl KT,
Gen. Paas. Agt.
formation, and he was guarding against
them as much as possible by covering
his front with scooting parties of cav
EAST AND SOUTH alry.
Just before sundown on the second
day of his scouting along the front Ken
ton came very near crossing a highway
op which a Federal scouting party were
qnietly riding in hopes to come upon
game of some sort. The rattle of a
trooper’s saber put him on his guard,
and he had just time to sink down in
the bushes to escape observation. Not
Express Trains Leave Portland Daily
SAN + FRANCISCO
The Shasta Route
SOOTHEM HACinC X COMPAH
Portland.......... 8 50 P M I San Francisco.. 10:45 A M
San Francisco.6:00 P M I Portland............ 8:10 A M
Above trains stop at East Portland, Oregon City,
Woodburn, Salem. Turner, Marion. Jefferson,
Harrisburg. Junction City, Irving, Eugene, Cres
well, Drains and all stations from Koseburg to
Koseburg .Hail Daily.
Portland.......... 8:30 A M I Roseburg......... 5.30 P M
Roseburg........ 8:00 A M | Portland..........4.40 P M
Salem Passenger Daily.
Portland.......... 4:00 P M I Salem........... 6:15 P M
Salem............... 8:00 A M | Portland
.10:15 A M
DINING CARS ON OGDEN ROUTE.
SECOND CLASS SLEEPING CARS.
Attached to all Through Trains.
;West Side Division.
Just time to sink down in the bushes to
Mail Train Daily, (Except Sunday.) so with the man who had been dogging
him. He was aiming to cross the road
ni» A M' Lv
Ar 6:20 P M
10:15 A M Lv
Lv 3:40 P M lower down, and as he stepped out a
1X15 P M Ar
Lv 1:35 P M dozen carbines were leveled at him, and
At Albany and Corvallis connect with he was a prisoner in an instant.
ton was too far away to hear what was
trains of Or. Central & Eastern Ry.
Express Train Daily, (Except Sunday.) said, but we can relate it. Reube Par
ker no sooner found himself in the hands
f<5 A Tv
Ar 8:25 A M of the enemy than he asked for the cap
7:15 P M Lv
Lv 5 58 A M
7Í25 P M Ar
Lv 5 50 A M tain in command and said:
“I don’t deny bein a scout, and yo’
Through Tickets to all points in Eastern see me yere in Confederate uniform
States, Canada and Europe can be obtained at
lowest rates from G. A. Wilcox. Agent, McMinn with a pass signed by Gineral Jackson.
E. P. ROGERS,
Thar’s two of us, and I reckon yo’
Asst. G. F. & P. A., Portland, Or.
might as well get the other one whilo
R. KOEHLER, Manager.
yo’r about it.”
"Do you mean that you were in the
company of another Confederate scout?’ ’
LOCAL DIRECTORY. asked the captain.
“That’s what I mean.”
“And where is he?”
“Round yere sumwhar, I reckon. If
B aptist —Services Sunday 11 a. m. and
7:30p. m ; Sunday school 9:50 a tn.; the yo’ll beat np the bushes purty lively,
young people's society 6:15p m
meeting Thursday 7:30 p. m. Covenant yo’ll be apt to uncover him.”
“I’ll have the locality searched, of
meeting first Sat each month 2:00 p. m.
course,” said the captain after a long,
E. B. P ack , Pastor.
hard look at Reube, “but it strikes
M ethodist E piscopal —Services every
Sabbath 11:00 a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Sunday me you are a mighty mean man to give
your comrade away.”
school 9:30 a in. Prayer meeting 7:00 p
J ohn B betts , Pastor.
“Yaas, I reckon it does,” imprudent
C urb . P bksbytkria N— Services every Sab ly drawled Reube, “and mebbe I’d bet
bath 11:00a m and 7:30 p. m. Sunday ter tell yo’ why. It’sbekase he un’san-
school 9:30 a. m. Y. P. C. E.. Sunday 6:30 other of yo’—a reg’larbo’n Yank who’s
p. m. Prayer meeting Thursday, 7:30 p. m.
mean ’nuff to sell out both sides if he
E E. T hompson , Pastor.
C hristian —Preaching at 11 a. in. and at could! Reckon he’s got lots of news
7:3O p. in on the first and third Sundays; fur Gineral Jackson this time, and
on the second and fourth Sundays at 7:30 yo’ll git a prize if yo’ git hold o’ him!”
UUtil further notice
At Carlton on sec
ond and fourth Sundays at 11 a. m., and
Saturday evening before at 7:30. At No. 8
at 3 p. m on second and fourth Sundays.
J ames C ampbell , V. D. M.. Pastor
S t . J ames E piscopal C hcrch —Lay-Ser
vices every Sunday at 11 o’clock a. in.
S t . J ames C atholic —First st., between
O and H. Sunday school 2:30 p. m. Ves
pers 7:30. Services once a month.
T. B kiodv . Pastor.
K nowles C hapter N o , 12, O. E. S.—Meets a
Masonic hall the tirsi and third Monday evening
in each month. Visiting members cordial lv in
c. h mckinney , sec.
MRS. C. W. TALMAGE, W. M.
A. O. V. W — Charity Lodge No. 7 meets first and
third Friday» of each month. 7:30 p. m. Lodge
room in Union block.
H. C. BURNS, M. W.
J. D. BAK ER, Becorder.
Yambill Lodge No. 10 D. of H. meets in Union
ball second and fourth Friday evenings of each
C vster P ost N o . 9—Meets the second and fourth
Saturday of each month in Union hall at 7:30
Ji. m. on second Saturday and at 10:30 a. m. on
th Saturday. All members of the order are
cordially invited to attend our meetings.
J. B. S tilwell , Commander.
B. F. C lubine . Adjt.
W. C T. U.—Meets on every Fri
day at 3 p. nt., in reading room. Union
C lara G. EssoN.Pres.
J ennie G allentine , Sec’y
Oregon Central & Eastern
R. R. Co.
YAQUINA BAY ROUTE
Connecting at Yaquina Bay with the San
Francisco and Yaquina Bay Steam
A 1, and first-class in every respect.
Sails from Yaquina for San Francisco
about every eight days. Passenger ac
commodations unsurpassed. Shortest
route between the Willamette valley and
Fare from Albany or points west to
Steerage ... 1........................... 8.00
Cabin, round trip, good 60 days 18.00
For sailing dates apply to,
H. L. WALDEN,
Agent, Albany, Or.
EDWIN STONE, Manager,
CHAS. CLARK, Supt,. Corvallis, Or.
ARTHUR J. VIAL, M. D.
Physieian and Surgeon,
ROOMS IN UNION BLOCK
M c M innville , O regon .
Ike Baxter’s wife made her way to
the Percy mansion to find eveiything in
confusion. Every neighbor had fled,
and such friends as remained were ex
aggerating the results of Jackson’s de
feat and retreat. Reports were brought
in by this one aDd that one that Jack-
son himself intended to burn the town
and leave only desolation behind him
as he fell back. As a consequence,
though bravo enough during the early
part of the day, night came to find Ma
rian and her mother full of alarm. This
was added to by Mrs. Baxter's appear
ance. Her errand appeared to be to give
information of the servants who had
fled in terror, and in this way she
gained admission to the presence of the
ladies, though as she left the kitchen
Uncle Ben shook his head and muttered
“I nebber did like dem white trash
folks 'tall, an I can’t a-bearto bev ’em
around. I know dat man ob hers, an de
twoob’em together hain’t worf shucks!”
The Percys had heard a rumor that
several of the guards had been killed
or captured at Kernstown, but had no
reliable information. Mrs. Baxter gave
the number and their names. The last
name on her list was that of Royal Ken
ton, andshe added the information that
it was believed by all the surviving
guards that Kenton was to be held re
“I don’t see how,” quickly replied
Marian as a look of pain and surprise
came to hei face. “He braved danger
with the rest, and he was also made
“I’m sure I dunno, but I’m tellin
yo’what they all say,” remarked the
woman. “Didn’t know but Captain
Wyle had told yo’ all how it hap
“No. He has not been here.”
“Everybody’s cheerin and shakin
hands with he qd , ’cause he un was so
brave. He un killed 10 Yankees with
his sword in that fout. Gineral Jack-
son shook hands with him down at the
tavern befo’ all the people. Reckon he
un will be made a grand ossifer fur bein
She bad given Kenton a shot and
Wyle a lift, as she thought, and satis
fied for the time being she asked if she
could be of assistance duiing the ab
sence of the servants, adding that near
ly the entire colored population of the
town had fled, and that most of them
would probably be picked up by the
Federate and sent north. Under the
circumstances her offer was eagerly ac
cepted, and she had gained the point she
was seeking. While Marian and her
mother were nervous and upset over the
situation, they had no thought of flight.
It was certain that Jackson would re-
treat up the valley, and that Shields
would occupy Winchester, but they
were too sensible to fear tnat the town
would be given up to sack. They were
preparing to retire when they were
aroused by the call of a citizen acquaint
ance who had made all preparations lor
flight and felt it his duty to warn them
of the penis of the situation. He re
peated the story that the town was to be
burned and the valley laid waste, and
added that news had been received from
the front to the effect that the advancing
Federate were applying the torch and |
dealing out death as they advanced. He
advised them to lose no time in retreat
ing up the valley. This information
added the climax.
In the Alleghany mountains to the
west, 50 miles away, was a rough but
comfortable house surrounded by a few
acres of land which Senator Percy had
owned for years before his death and
occupied with his family for several
weeks in summer. There he had found
good shooting and fishing and rest.
After receiving the latest "news” and
sitting down to wonder what they
should do, mother and daughter re
membered the place and its quiet loca
tion and soon determined that if flight
was necessary it should be in that di
rection. It was out of the track of the
armies,and they would not be disturbed,
and they might hope that after a few
weeks the Confederates would either re
gain permanent possession of the valley
or that war would be at an end. The
faith of the south in its soldiery was
sublime, and it never wavered until the
last gun was fired at Appomattox.
To decide was to act. While the la
dies set about packing whatever they
might need, Uncle Ben was told to have
a vehicle ready for a move at daylight.
When Mrs. Baxter was informed of the
contemplated move, she promptly vol
unteered to go along, and her offer was
as promptly accepted. It was not only
a part of her plan to maintain an es
pionage on Marian, but to be on hand
whet) opportunity might offer to favor
Captain Wyle’s cause. Such a flight
would bring mistress and servant closer
together. There was a grim determi
nation about the woman worthy of a far
better cause. She hated Royal Kenton
simply because she believed he stood in
the way of Ike’s advancement. She
would be faithful to Captain Wyle sim
ply because it would assist Ike. She
had always fretted because Ike had no
ambition to climb up. His excuse had
“Dod rot my infernal hide, but how’s
a feller goin to start? Show me a way
to climb, and 1’11 git tharordietryin!”
The war had opened a way. No mat
ter if Ike was regarded as the poorest
soldier in his company and the last one
who wonld deserve promotion, he had
made her believe that he was on the
road to military glory, and that on his
“success depended her opportunity to
become somebody.” She was ambitious
even if poor and ignorant. In some way
which she could not yet determine
Kenton was to disappear, Captain Wyle
was to wed Marian, and Ike was to be
come “a great gineral and ride around
on a critter.”
There was no sleep for any of them
during the remainder of the night.
Uncle Ben got a wagon ready to carry
provisions and clothing and a few ar
ticles of furniture and the family car
riage in which the women were to ride,
and as dawn was breaking a start was
made up the valley. They had company
on the road. Four or five farmers below
Winchester had set fire to their own
houses and barns and come into town,
and during the night artillery firing
had created a new panic among the resi
dents of the city. Marian had been
made anxious by the story told by Mrs.
Baxter the evening before—not that
she put any faith in the report, because
she had become aware that Kenton’s
position was a painful one, but because
she realized that the situation would
become still more grave. She worried
over his capture and feared he might
have been wounded, and she couldn’t
help but feel that, no matter how brave
and loyal he was, he would become a
victim of conspiracy and circumstance.
She was somewhat consoled, however,
when she went to the carriage house in
the gray of morning to notify Uncle Ben
that all was ready. His life service
in the family had given him certain
privileges, and on certain occasions be
did not hestitate to express his opinions.
“See yere, Miss Sunshine,” he began,
“what’bout dat white woman in de
“She’s to go with us,” was the reply.
“Den let me tell yo’ to look out for
her. Nose too sharp. Face too sharp.
Eyes jest like snaik’s. Walks aroun
jest like a cat!”
“Why, how can she hurt us?”
“About what or whom?”
“Look yere,” replied the old man,
dropping his voice and looking around,
"I’ze gettin purty ole, but I hain’t dun
blind or deaf. I knows all ’bout dat
Yankee Kenton an dat Captain Wyle.
I knows dey boaf wants to marry yo’ 1
“Wbv, Uncle Ben!” she reproachful
“It's jest like I tole yo’, leetle Sun
shine. 'Member when dat Ike Baxter
dun cum home on a furbelow ’bout six
“I believe I did hear be was home.”
“An all de time he was home he dun
’bused Mars Kenton up hill an down.
What fur? What he got to say ’bout
‘‘It's jest like I tole yo’, leetle Sunshine.”
his betters? What his wife ’buse Mars
Kenton fur? Why she mad at him? Yo’
know whar she libs?”
“In dat house jest beyan de cooper
shop. Yo' know who I dun saw go in
“Dat Captain Wyle! What he want
dar, hey? I know! He want her to cum
yere an tell yo’ whoppin big lies 'bout
de Yankee lawyer an praise hisself up
at de same time! I jest tell yo’ to look
out fur dat woman!”
Uncle Ben had taken a dislike to Mrs.
Baxter at first sight and didn’t want
her to go along. He had not devoted a
minute to wondering if she bad a plan
or seeking to discover what it was. He
had fathomed it by that sense of intui
tion which is often strongest in the
most ignorant minds. More to qjiet
him than for any ether reason Marian
promised to be on her guard, but dur
ing the day she decided in her own mind
that there might be more in it than ap-.
peared on the surface. On two or three
occasions when Kenton's name was men
tioned she noticed the hard look which
came into Mrs. Baxter’s face and the
tinge of bitterness in her tones, and
these things had much to do with her
We follow Jackson up and down the
valley because his movements are
threads of our story, and he must be
driven away to introduce new charac
ters. Shields had scarcely ceased pur
suit when a Federal army under Banks
was sent into the valley. No one sup
posed Jackson had recovered fiom his
defeat when be suddenly moved an army
of 12,000 men down to New Maiket,
crossed the Shenandoah river and the
mountain range to the east and was in
the Luray valley before an alarm was
raised. There was a Federal force sta
tioned at Front Royal, and he was mov
ing to attack it.
An army in the march is a monster
serpent on the move. Far in advance
are cavalry scouts. Then follows a body
of troopers. After that comes the ad
vance guard of infantry. Then artil
lery, more infantry, more artillery, and
finally the wagon train. The highway
is packed with a living, moving mass
for miles and miles. Infantry and cav
alry overflow into the adjacent fields on
the right and left. Where there is a
bend in the road they cut across it.
Horses fall lame or sick and are aban
doned. Wagons break down and are
unloaded and set on fire. Guns and
caissons get mixed or upset in the
ditches, and a hundred men lend their
aid. Sore footed men stagger and limp
and finally throw themselves down and
declare they can go no farther. Here
and there a musket is accidentally dis
charged, followed by a shriek and a
fall, and half an hour later the victim
fills a grave by the roadside. The mass
advances a quarter of a mile and halts.
Another quarter of a mile and another
halt. Only in the case of a single regi
ment is there freedom to step out and
march at the rate of three or four miles
The trail of a marching army, even
in a country of friends, is a trail of ruin
and desolation. Every soldier is an en
gine of destruction. He has a feeling
that he must desolate and destroy.
Trees are felled and fences pulled down
to repair the roads, gardens are de
spoiled, crops are trampled under foot,
fruit trees denuded of their branches,
stacks and barns fired by accident or
design. It is as if a fierce cyclone had
passed over the country, followed by a
So Jackson’s army swept forward to
Front Royal. His command outnum
bered the Federal force four to one, and
his presence was not suspected until his
artillery began to thunder. The Fed
eral commander soon discovered the sit
uation, but he did not retreat without
a fight. He gathered his handful of
men, posted them to cover the town,
and for an hour they held Jackson at
bay. It was only when they were al
most surrounded that they gave way
and sought shelter in the passes of the
mountain. Jackson paused only long
enough to burn such Federal stores as
he could not handily carry away aud
then swept down the Luray, bent to the
left, and next day was before Winches
ter. He attacked and recaptured the
town and drove every Federal to the
Potomac and across it before he halted
Then the Federal government grasped,
the situation, and three different armies,
were dispatched to close in on Jackson
and destroy him. The battles of Cross
Keys and Port Republic followed, and
Jackson fell back to join Lee and take
part in the battle which was to sweep
McClellan from the peninsula. The
Shenandoah and the Luray were now in
possession of the Federate, to be held
till the close of the war, but only with
desperate fighting at intervals.
And now the gallant Custer, with his
command, reached the Shenandoah with
the army Gf occupation—a young man,
fresh from West Point, on whom the
volunteer officers looked with distrust,
but only waiting to prove his worth.
Custer belonged to Michigan. His first
command was the First, Fifth. Sixth
and Seventh cavalry regiments of that
state, known as the Michigan cavalry
brigade. While his fame was national,
while his sad death years after the war
in that terrible massacre touched the
heart of every American, it is in Michi
gan more than anywhere else that his
memory’ is reverenced. It will live
there until every soldier and soldier’s
son and grandson sleeps beneath the
sod. The plains of northern Virginia
were given up to fierce battles between
infantry, the valleys to desperate charges
and bloody conflicts between the oppos
ing cavalry forces.
Jackson had looked his last upon the
Shenandoah. He was to become Lee's
right arm and fight elsewhere until his
fall in the darkness on the bush lined
highway at Chancellorsville. Another
took his place, and the dead Ashby was
replaced by Stuart to lead the cavalry.
. Let us go back to Royal Kenton. We
left him just as Reube Parker had been
made prisoner by a Federal scouting
party. Reube basely sought to betray
him, but he failed of his purpose. The
Federal captain beat up the neighbor
hood as thoroughly as possible, but Ken
ton slipped through his fingers and re
turned to Jackson to make his report.
It was his information, seconded no
doubt by that of others, which decided
Jackson’s move to Front Royal. While
the general seemed pleased at Kenton’s
success, the latter could not fail to per
ceive that something was yet amiss. In
bis own mind he felt sure that he was
mistrusted, und it was easy to conclude
why. Not that he had failed in any one
particular to do his duty, but that the
officers and men of his own company,
for reasons already given, were seeking
his downfall. When he had finished
his report, he was ordered to his com
pany, and again he found only one man
to give him greeting. Steve Brayton
chuckled with satisfaction as he extend
ed bis hand and asked for particulars.
The others only gave him looks of dis
trust. When Kenton was asked regard
ing Reube Parker and had made his ex
planations, Steve grew thoughtful and
serious and finally replied:
“It’s a good joke on the captain, but
J’pi troubled as to how it will end up.
I jest reckon they ar’ mean ’nuff to
charge yo’ with killin Reube. They
can’t prove it, but it will get the gin
eral down on yo’ and make things wuss.
Dod blast the fules anyway! Why can’t
they give vo’ a fa’r show even if yo’ be
The crisis came nejt ¿ay,
Parker had been carried into the Fed- |
eral camps as a prisoner, but owing to
the confusion and excitement was not
strictly gua.'ded and managed to make
his escape and arrive at Confederate
headquarters less than 24 hours after
Kenton. After a brief interview with
Captain Wyle the pair proceeded to
General Jackson's headquarters, aud
when they left it Royal Kenton was
sent for. General Jackson was a plain,
blunt spoken man. Even while plan- i
niDg the great campaign on which he
was to enter within three or four days
he had determined to give this matter
attention. Reube Parker had charged i
Kenton with bringing about his capture
for revenge. Captain Wyle had stated I
that he aud all his company distrusted
his loyalty. The general asked the scout '
for a statement of facts, and Kenton
gave it to him, concealing no occurrence I
from the date of his enlistment. The !
general listened attentively and without
interruption. Then Reube Parker, who
had been sent fcr and was in waiting,
was ushered in to confront Kenton. He
was a bad man, but not a nervy one. In
five minutes it was apparent that he had
lied, and be was dismissed. Then Ken
ton was asked to step out, and Steve i
Brayton, whom he had several times re- i
ferred to, was ushered in. He told a |
straight 6tory, and it was greatly to the
discredit of Captain Wyle. When Ken
ton again returned to the general’s pres
ence, the latter kindly said:
“It is a matter I very much regret,
and I do not see how I can mend it just
yet. I will, however, do what I think
is best for all. ”
That “best” resulted in both Kenton
and Brayton being detailed temporarily
to the quartermaster’s department.
When Jackson moved away for the Lu
ray valley, all the guards were mount-
“Dod rot ’em!” growled Steve.
ed, having been transferred to the cav- I
airy, but the pair were left behind in I
disgrace. So they considered it, and
they were further humiliated by the
jeers and flings from comrades as they
“Dod rot ’em, but this ’ere laughin [
match hain’t over yit!” growled Steve
as he shook his fist at the backs of his
comrades. “Yo’ ar’ doin the grinnin
jest now, but it’ll be our turn bimeby!
Befo’ this fuss Is over with the southern
confederacy will be powerful glad ot
every man it kin rake and scrape into
Kenton had nothing to say. He was
even secretly glad that the machinations
of his enemies had resulted in nothing
worse. In his pocket at that very hour
he had a letter from Marian detailing
the family flight from Winchester, in
forming him of their destination and
counseling him to do his duty as a sol
dier and not be disturbed over the plots
of bis enemies. She knew that he was
being maligned and vilified for her
sake, so she wrote, but she honed to be
worthy of all the sacrifices he might be
compelled to make.
“Say, Kenton,” exclaimed Steve as
he suddenly turned on him, “why don’t
yo’ rip and cuss and tear an show yo’r
“We have both been wronged,” slow
ly replied KeDton, “but time will make
all things right if we do our duty loy
ally and faithfully.”
“I reckon so,” said Steve as he turn
ed away, “but yo’ Yanks is a durned
cur’us lot o’ critters jest the same!”
While Jackson was pressing on to
join Lee most of his cavalry was de
tached and left in the valley. The Shen
andoah guards, which had dropped the
title when transferred to the cavalry,
were a portion of Imboden’s command.
The Federate poured into the Shenan
doah and Luray from the north and re
captured everything and pressed the
Confederates slowly back to Staunton.
Neither side was strong enough to pos
sess and hold the valley. The Confed
erate occupation defended one of the
roads to Richmond. The Federal occu
pation defended one of the roads to
Washington. There were scouting and
raiding and clashing of sabers, but noth
ing like a general battle resulted. Both
commanders had been instructed to
avoid this and watch the mighty move
ments developing elsewhere.
What is a battle like—-a battle in
which 10,000 men fall in their tracks
to die with the roar of the guns still
sounding in their ears and as many
more lie there for hours cursing and
groaning and praying with the pain of
their wounds? McClellan was on both
sides of the Chickahominy, with the
spires of Richmond in view. His front
was miles long and defended by rifle
pits, earthworks, felled trees and nat
ural obstructions. More than 100,000
Federate faced Lee along this line. Be
hind them were campsand wagon trains
and field hospitals and supplies cumber
ing the ground for miles and miles.
McClellan was about to attack. He
was even writing his order when Lee
fell upon his wing at Mechanicsville.
That was a feint. The fight at Meadow
Bridge, directly in front of his center,
was a piece of strategy. The assault
upon his wing at Cold Harbor was
meant to annihilate him. The battle
ground was made up of swamps, cleared
fields, patches of forest, timber covered
hills and old fields grown up to bushes
and briers. McClellan had two and
three lines of earthworks here, and here
his guns were planted as thickly as men
could work them. Longstreet and Hill
attacked here. They knew the strength
of the position; they had counted the
odds. There was no skirmishing, no
waiting. On a front three miles long
the Confederates suddenly appeared and
rushed forward to the attack. Had
they numbered five times as many they
would have been beaten back. They
were repulsed again aud again by the
fire which seemed to burn them off the
face of the earth, but those who lived
came back again more desperate than
before. Only their leaders knew why
this terrible sacrifice was being offered
up to the god of war. Lee had planned
with Jackson. Jackson had left the val
ley by way ot Brown's gap to fall upon
McClellan’s flank at Cold Harbor. The
sacrifice in front was to give Jackson
time and to mask bis movement,
And so Longstreet and Hill advanced
again and again to the sacrifice until
their dead and wounded outnumbered
the living. The afternoon sun was sink
ing lower and lower. By and by it was
only an hour high. Then the roar of
battle along the front suddenly ceased.
Had the remnants of regiments and
brigades become panic stricken at the
Rgabe awful waste of life and fled from the
Some of the Strange and Startling Feat»
That They Perform.
WE ARE GREAT LITIGANTS.
More Civil Lawsuits Here Than In A Ay
Other Country In the World.
A man of ingenious mind aud appar
ently ample leisure has gone to the
trouble of figuring out the number of
lawsuits brought in each country in a
year, and he has reached the conclusion
that the United States is a better coun
try for attorneys and counselors than any
other civilzed land under the sun. He
figures as lawsuits civil actions only, i
taking into no account proceedings of a
criminal character brought by the pub- !
lie authorities against individuals. He
has ascertained that, taking the figures
for the last ten years as a fair average, j
there are 1,250,000 lawsuits brought in
England every year, 750,000 in France, J
1,400,000 in Italy, 3,800,000 in Ger
many and 5,500,000 in the United
It is not to be inferred from this that
the people of one country are much more
prone to litigation than are the people
of another, but the explanation is to be
found in the fact that the conditions of '
litigation vary exceedingly. Going to
law in England is very expensive busi
ness, for it entails outlays in the form [
of costsand expenses so large that many
of the courts are practically closed to
persons of modest means, and a long
litigation unsuccessfully pursued ends
often in bankruptcy. In France the
number of lawsuits is kept down through ,
the general practice of “arbitration,” '
as many as 100,000 cases in a year,
especially those arising from disputes
over wages, being settled by this agency
without onerous cost to either party. In
Germany a great majority of eases are
petty ones, involving a small amount of
money and due, many of them, to cus
toms or usages which are not sufficiently
defined to be, in all cases, similarly un
derstood by both parties to an agree
ment. This is especially the case in the
farming districts of Germany, and there
are many legal disputes in the manu
facturing districts too.
The number of cases credited to the
United States seems enormous, but it
is probably accurate. There are, for ex
ample, 11 district courts for the disposal
of civil cases in New York city. In one '
of these courts, by recent report, the
number of actions brought in a year 1
was shown to be 9,100. These courts
have before them each year, on tho
average, 75,000 cases. The cases brought
in the state courts of New York amount
in a year to about 150,000, and of those
brought in the federal courts New York
furnishes a very large number. Taking
the whole country through, it is seen
that the average number of cases per
thousand of population is in the neigh
borhood of 75 to 85. The number of
lawyers in the United States is material
ly larger than in any other country in
the world, and the amounts in dispute
here are much greater than elsewhere.
—New York Sun.
Argentine's Capital Is the Queen of the
The omniscient Whitaker, under the |
heading “British Possessions In Aus- j
tralasia,” states that Melbourne, with
its suburbs, contained on Dec. 81, 1894, :
an estimated population of 444,882 in
habitants, “being the most populous i
city in the southern hemisphere.” We
have always understood Rio de Janeiro
and Buenos Ayres to be also in the
southern hemisphere,and, oddly enough,
Whitaker himself gives larger figures
for both of these cities than for Mel
bourne. The remark is probably one
that has been at some time true and has
been carried on from year to year.
In any case, the results of the census
establish incontestably the claim of
Buenos Ayres to be the greatest city of
South America and of the southern
hemisphere. With allowance for imper
fections in the execution of the census,
inseparable from the way in which it
was carried out, the figure 655,688 may
be taken as practically correct, and no
other city in this half of the world can
lay claim to possessing within 100,000
of this number of inhabitants.
The population of Buenos Ayres is
thus larger than that of any city of the
United Kingdom, except London and
Glasgow. It is considerably larger than j
that of Liverpool or Birmingham, and
it is only about 50,000 less than the
combined populations of Manchester and
Salford. Of the great cities of Europe
only Paris, Berlin, Vienna, St. Peters
burg, Constantinople and Moscow sur
pass Buenos Ayres, and in North Amer
ica only New York, Brooklyn, Chicago
and Philadelphia. Our city is the second
city of the Latin world, surpassing Mad
rid, Naples and Rome in Europe and
Rio Janeiro, Santiago, Lima and Mex
ico in the new world. The rate of
growth is no less remarkable than the
actual size, for in the last eight years
Buenos Ayres has increased about 50
per cent. —Buenos Ayres Review.
New York’s Kiver Tunnel.
There is a big hole under North river.
Some day it will be a tunnel connect
ing this city and Hoboken. No work
has been done for four years, but the
owners of the hole are now trying to
raise money in London to complete their
tunnel before a bridge can be built over
North river. Only 1,230 feetremain to
connect the two holes bored from either
shore, each of which is now full of wa
ter. This water has simply soaked I
through since work was abandoned on ]
the death of the principal backer. So
far $3,000,000 has been poured into the
hole, and only $500,000 will be required
to complete it.—New York Letter.
Make Clothing For Dogs.
It is well known (hat there are den
tists in London and in Paris whose
specialty it is to fit lapdogs with a set of
false teeth. It now appears from a Pa-
risian monthly magazine of fashions
that there are tailors and fashion plates
for dogs. The list of garments includes
mackintoshes, Jaeger vests, comforters
and respirators, side pockets with a lace
handkerchief inside, fur collars, small
silk umhrellas, which dogs are taught to
carry over the head.—Chicago Tribune.
Thos. F. Oakes, Henry C. 1‘aj iie. Henry C.
field? Had they sullenly refused to obey
orders to advance again? Had Lee
given up all hope of success and with
drawn from that front? For five min
utes scarcely a musket was discharged. !
Then from the heavy forest directly on
the flank of the position Jackson ap
peared. The flank of an army is its
weak spot. Even if attacked in the rear
it can face about and fight with hope
of success, but if the flank gives way I
disaster follows. Jackson's coming was
a surprise. His attack was as sudden
as the stroke of a bell. It dumfounded
and dismayed the Federal flank, but
only for a few minutes. McClellan was
not far away. He had fathomed Lee’s
plans and discovered his true object.
The flank gave back until it had a front
of a mile long, and then it halted and
battled to save that great army. What
was to be done must be done right there.
Re-enforcements were ordered up, guns
advanced, and for an hour there was
such fighting as war had never witnessed
To be Continued.
Chinese jugglers and Indian fakirs
have pretty much the same “stock in |
trade.” Here is an account of some
tricks performed by a Chinese:
When the conjurer asked the specta
tors what they wanted to see, some one
called for a pumpkin.
“A pumpkin,” answered the conjur
er; “that is impossible. Pumpkins are
out of season.’'
However, he was«onlv talking, for
presently he took a pumpkin seed aud
planted it in the earth. Then, having
made his little son, 4 or 5 years old, lie
down, he thrust a knife into his throat
The blood poured out into a vessel, and
with it the man moistened the spot
where the seed had been planted.
Next he covered the corpse with a
cloth aud placed a wooden bell over the
seed. In a few moments a sprout was
seen rising from the soil. It grew and
grew and burst into flower. The flower
fell, the pumpkin showed itself and in
creased in size with extraordinary ra
As soon as it was ripe the man picked
it from the stalk, showed it to the pub
lic and took up a collection, after
which, of course, he lifted the cloth
and found the boy perfectly unharmed.
The second feat, by a different per
former, was even more startling. A
peach was called for by one of the spec
“It is March,” said the magician.
“The laud is still icebound. Peaches
are not to be obtained uow except in
“Oh, well,” answered the spectators,
“you are a sorcerer and ought to be
able to bring a peach down from heav
The conjurer grumbled, but finally
consented to see what he could do. He
began by weaving a roll of ribbon,
which he cast into the air. It took at
once the shape of a ladder, which went
np to a tremendous height. On it he
placed a child, and the little fellow ran
up the rungs like a monkey. Up, up he
went till he vanished in the clouds.
Some moments passed, then a peach
dropped from the sky. The magician
picked it up, cut it into slices and of
fered it to the bystanders. It was a real
Then a horrible thing happened. The
head of the child dropped out of the
sky and was followed by the trunk and
then the legs. With tears in his eyes the
man picked them up and placed them
in a box. But after much show of grief
and after the sympathetic spectators had
taken up a collection for his benefit he
opened the box and said, “Come forth,
my child, and thank these kind gentle
men. ” At the word out leaped the child,
alive and well.—Philadelphia Times.
Pi dim: 111
THROUGH TICKETS TO
BOSTON AND ALL
POINTS EAST and SOUTH
For information, time cards, maps or
tickets, call on or write
C. H. FLEMING. Agent.
M c M innville .
255 MORRISON S t .. COR
Caked & Inflamed Udders.
Bruises and Strains,
Harness & Saddle Sores,
All Cattle Ailments,
All Horse Ailments,
All Sheep Ailments,
A POINTER FOR THE CARELESS.
Some men with valuable unused rail
way tickets on their hands sell them to
scalpers, while others go to the railway
company that issued them and obtain
their value in money. Most men, how
ever, do neither, and accept the loss
when the ticket is worth less than a dol
lar. Indeed, many men do not realize
that railway companies stand ready to
redeem unnsed tickets even of small
value, so that the companies must be
richer by many thousands of dollars
per year by reason of this neglect or ig
Every railway ticket bears the name
of the general passenger agent of the
road issuing the same. It is a simple
matter to inclose the ticket with a let
ter directed to the general passenger
agent asking him to refund the money
paid and explaining the reason why
the ticket is left unused in the hands of
the purchaser. It is courteous to inclose
a stamped envelope in which the money
may be returned.
When all these things have been done
the company usually acknowledges the
receipt of the ticket holder’s communi
cation and promises to investigate the
matter. The investigation consists in
the proper identification of the ticket
and a little bookkeeping to set all right
in the accounts. Then the purchaser re
ceives from the company a check for the
amount due, along with a letter request
ing acknowledgment on the part ot the
recipient. That closes the transaction
and there is no material loss on either
side.—New York Sun.
Membrane and Tissue
Quickly to the Very
Seat of Pain and
Ousts it in a Jiffy.
Rub in Vigorously.
Mustang Liniment conquer«
Makes flan or Beast well
A City Built In a Cherry Seed.
At the time of the French Crystal
Palace exposition a Nuremberg toy mak
er exhibited a cherry stone within the
cavity of which he had built a perfect
plan of the city of Sevastopol, streets,
railway approaches, bridges, etc.
A powerful microscope was used in
exhibiting this wonderful miniature
city, and it is estimated that not less
than 500,000 people took a peep at the
results of the toymaker’s toil. Each of
these 500,000 sightseers deposited a
franc piece in the hands of the ingen
ious workman, the total of the cash
thus taken in netting him a snug little
fortune. —St. Louis Republic.
Geo. Schonewald, Manager.
Luxury, Good Cheer, Hospitality,
Delightful and Healthful Pastimes,
Matchless Mountain Scenerv.
SWEET BRIER CAMP.
Established ia»t year in a romantic dell
of the Sacramento Canyon, jubt below and
in full view of grand old Shasta It wii
a great hit, and promises even more en
couraging results for the present vear
T. J. L oftis , at Castella, is still in eliarge
and will answer all inquiries.
A new candidate for public favor this
SHASTA VICINO CAMP
She Knew Whit That Meant.
Sally—Au after we are married will
gou keep on lovin me?
Rube—I’ll love you till—till the cows
tome home, as the feller says.
Sally—Yaas, an then go down to the
grocery an let me do all the milkin. —
Beat the Law.
Up at Hampden Park, in Springfield,
when the Massachusetts antipool law
was rigidly enforoed a few years ago,
Uncle Ed Morse and other pool sellers
cleverly evaded it by putting up for sale
at “auction” cards having printed on
them the picture of a horse. “How
much am I offered for this picture of
Prince Wilkes?” was the query. “Sold
tor $100 to Mr. X. Prince Wilkes sold
for $100, what do I hear for this pic
ture of Patron?” It was easy enough.
All the change was that the auctioneer
bad to say a few more words.—Hart
Also in the Shasta region.about a mile and
a half from Dunsmuir. It is a genuine
paradise for huntera, fishers and seekers
of health and pleasure. Easy to reach
(near the railroad), sightly, and all the
necessities of camp life easily procurable.
All Inquiries about Shasta Vicino Camp,
if addressed to W. C. Gray, box 4. Duns
muir, Cal., will receive prompt attention.
CAMPING IN THE
SANTA CRUZ MOUNTAINS
Alma, Wright«. Laurel, Glenwood, Felton,
Ben Lomond, Boulder Creek.
During the Camping season will be
made by the
SOUTHERN PACIFIC CO.
For full particulars address
E. P. ROGERS, Asst. Gen. Pass. Agent
notice of finae setticemì at .
The man who does not overcome ennni
by occupying himself soon tries to fly
from it by intemperance. The idle man
is almost necessarily vicious.
0 Castle Crags
Z Opens June I, 1895
Wiggles—If anybody inquires for me
| within ten minutes, will you tell them
that I’ll be right back?
Waggles—No; I’ll tell 'em you said
you would.—Somerville Journal
How Caused Railway Tickets May Be Re
deemed at Slight Cost.
A very convenient mucilage, says In
vention, can be made out of onion juice
by any one who wishes to use it. A
good sized Spanish onion, after being
boiled for a short time, will yield, on
being pressed, quite a large quantity of
very adhesive fluid. This is used ex
tensively in various trades for pasting
paper on to tin or zinc or even glass, aud
:he tenacity with which it holds would
turprise any one on making the first at
tempt. It is a cheap and good mucilage
ind answers as well as the more costly
Some one says that, although it is sad I
The sound of a bell which car be
heard 45,200 feet in the water can be to see family relics sold at auction, the
most painful thing under the hammer is ’
heard only 456 feet in the air.
generally ong’g thumb naiL
In the matter of the estate ot J. R. .Sanders, rir.,
insolvent. J. J. Henderson, assignee, and the
estate of A. M. Sanders, insolvent, J. J Hen
derson, assignee, and the estate of F. J. Marlin,
insolvent, J. J. Henderson, assignee, and of the
estate of Martin A Sanders, partners, insolvent,
J. J. Henderson, assignee.
"VTOTICE is hereby given that the undersigned
xl as the assignee of the above-named t states
has filed in the circuit court of the state of Ore
gon for Yambill county, his final account as such
assignee of said several estates, and said final
account will come up for hearing in said court at
the hour of one o’clock p. in. of the 14th day of
October, A. D. 1895, at the circuit court room at
the court house at McMinnville, Yamhill coun
ty, Oregon, together with any and all objections
thereto, if any there be.
Now, therefore,all persons interested in said
estates are hereby notified and required to appear
at said time and place and show cause, if any
rhere be, why said final account should not be
allowed, said estates finally settled, and said as
Dated this the 4tb day of September, A. D.
J. J HENDERSON,
Assignee of said Estate«.
RAMSEY A FENTON.
Attorneys for said Assignee,