Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 14, 1894)
M’MINNVILLE, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1894
Entered at the Portoffice in McMinnville,
as Second-class matter.
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE S2.00 PER YEAR-
One Dollar if paid in advance, Single numbers five cents.
THE McMINN* IL1.E
National Bank The End of the World
Is IN'ot Yet
Paid up Capital, *50.000
And therefore its just as well that you should feel happy,
and this you can best <io by trying to make others happy.
Therefore go to
Transacts a Geiieni Banking Biuineas.
- - J. W COWLS.
Vice President, - LEE LAUGHLIN.
E. C. APPEKSON
W. S. LINK
Board of Directors:
J. W. COWL*.
A. J. APPERSON.
J L. KOGERS.
Sell Sight Exchange and Telegraphic Trans
fer» on New York, San Franeuco and Portland.
Deposits received subject to check. Interest paid
on Time Deposits. Loans money on approved
security Collections made on all accessible
Santa Claus Headquarters,
And decide upon a Christmas' gift for your friend or lowed
one. That’s the way to do it.
Hundreds of Beautiful things to Choose From.
Handsome Books, cloth bound, from 15 cents upward. Bibles,
Albums, Christmas Cards and Booklets. Dolls from 2 cents
upward. Set of Dickens’ works, 15 volumes, $7.50. Musical
Instruments bought in eastern markets at astonishingly low
prices. Handsome Christmas Cards from 2 cents upward.
GATES & HENRY, Props.
Special bargains in Silverware and Ladies’ Gold Watches.
E Street, north of Third. Everything New and
First elass Conveyance of Commercial Travel
er» a «penalty Board and stabling by the day or
month We solicit a fair share of tbe local pat
Mail orders promptly attenced to. Come in or send in your orders. Special
discount to teachers and Sunday schools.
3d Street in bloek tuest of Gook Hotel.
FHESH MEATS OF ALL KINDS.
CH0ICE8T IN THE MARKET.
South ride Third St. between H and C.
large : invoices
We invite the attention
Baths are new Aid first-class in every re
spect. Ladles' Baths and shampooing a special
ty. Employ none but first-class men. Don’t
forget the place. Three doors west of Hotel
ELSI A WRIGHT,
Manufactures and Deals in
BURNS & DANIELS
W. G. HENDERSON.
C ity S tables ,
(Third Street, between E and F.)
Brushes and sells them cheaper than
they can be bought any where else in
the Willamette Valley. Our ail home
made sets of harness are pronounced
unsurpassable by those who buy them
Proprietor of The McMinnville
Come and see them.
SADDLES, BRIDLES, SPURS,
JOHN F. DERBY,
new goods in our line.
Logan & Kutch, Prop’s.
For a Clean Shave or Fashionable Hair
Cut Give Us a Call.
plating the purchase
just IN I
WILSON & HENDERSON, Proprietors.
S. WILiSOH, manager.
——-------- 1|*||------------------ --------
Everything first-class. Horses boarded by day, week or month. Commercial
Travelers Conveyed to all points at most reasonable rates. Give us a call.
A WINTER’S ENTERTAINMENT !
Situated at th« South west corner of the Fair
AU sizes of first-claw Drain Tile kept constantly
on hand at lowest living prices.
OF THE WORLD
FOR A TRIFLE.
E. J. Qualey & Co •! THE NEW YORK WEEKLY TRIBUNE,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
« Twenty-page journal, is tbe leading; Republican family
paper of the United States. It is a NATIONAL FAMILY
PAPER. and gives all the general news of the United States.
It gives the events of foreign lands in a nutshell. Its AG
RICULTURAL department has no sup erior in the country.
Its Market Reports are recognized auth >ritv. Separate depart
ments for “T he FAMILY CIRCLE,”’ “OUR YOUNG
FOLKS." and “SCIENCE AND MECH. INICS." Its “HOME
AND SOCIETY" columns command th r admiration of wives
and daughter«. Its general political news, editorials and
discussions are comprehensive, brilliant azd exhaustive.
AND ALL KINDS OF
A SPECIAL CONTRACT enables us to offer this splendid
journal and the REPORTER for
ONE YEAR FOR ONL Y $1.25
All work Billy guaranteed to give perfect satis-
Mc'tion. Refers by permission to Wm. Me Chris
man. Mrs. L. E. Bewley, Mrs. E. D Fellows.
Holl's Old Jewelry Stand, 3d Street.
(The regular subscription for the two papers is $2 .00.)
Third St. 1 door W
Subscriptions may begin at any time.
Address all orders to
Silverware at Dielschneider’s
B. F. Blood of Carlton was in town
County warrants taken at their face by
Rev. Lee Thompson is in Salem assist
ing Rev. Shultz in revival meeting.
Leave your subscriptions for any news
paper or magazine at C. Grissen’s book
Home made French candies formas
at the social the 17th.
Mrs. Kate Weber of Portland was the
guest of Mrs. Wyatt Harris a number of
days this week.
For a nice lady’scloak see R. Jacobson.
You can buy it at bed rock price.
Assessor J. W. Bones attended the
state meeting of assessors in Salem this
New styles in jewelry and holiday
goods arriving daily at Wm. F. Diel-
uchueider’s, the jeweler.
The stage of the river is such that the
Toledo is enabled to make regular trips
to this city.
Fresh mince meat at Cook & Millsap’s
until after Christmas.
M rs . M aris .
Will Kuns and wife have been spend
ing the week in Portland, taking in the
exposition and buying goods for the hol
All persons indebted to R. Jacobson
will please call and settle as we have
waited patiently, and now are obliged to
make collections to meet obligations. t
Living pictures in full costume given
by the Y P. S. C. E. of the C. P. church
Tbe consignment of ladies’ cloaks ex
pected by Mr. Apperson was destroyed
by fire while en route, and no new order
will be made at present.
Some fortunate person is going to get a
fine French clock. For particulars see
the window of Wm. F. Dielschneider,
Charles Groening is doing the popular
thing by planting a hedge about hie resi
Col. J. C. Cooper came dewn from In
dependence and spent Sunday with his
The most value for your money is
what you want. F. Dielschneider is giv
ing it in footwear. Big cut in prices.
Arthur McPhillips has been issued a
The postoffice building at North Yam
hill was wrecked by the late gale so that
the door would not open. The large
windows in front were blown in.
The Sabbath evening services at the
Cumberland Presbyterian church will
begin a half hour earlier from this Sab
bath evening forward. Subject for this
Sabbath evening “The Mind.”
Arrangements have been made with
Santa Claus to come down the chimney
at the Christian church in the good old-
fashioned way. A fireplace of genuine
or imitation bricks ¡9 to be constructed
for his convenience.
No discount but prices below any of
them in footwear. Everything in the
store. Bring in your cash and see. F.
Dielschneider’s is the place. Sign of the
Senator J. F. Calbreath was in Salem
the first of tbe week, looking up accom
modations for himself during the coming
Peter Olson, aged 17 years, died near
Carlton on the 9th inst., of consumption.
Funeral services were conducted at his
home by Rev. W. E. McCutcheon.
Mr. E. M. Croisan, ex-sheriff of Mari
on county, was in the city Tuesday. He
was looking up endorsements for the po
sition of superintendent of the state pen
itentiary. He secured a number of good
ones here, and his chances are said to be
the brightest in the lot for getting the
The pupils of the high school have or
ganized a literary and debating society,
to meet every Friday evening in tbe Cook
building. The officers are: Will Arnett,
president; Irene Rummel, vice-presi
dent; Ina Stilwell, secretary; Clifford
Walker, treasurer; Alfred Weed, mar
shal ; Edith Hogg, critic.
A very enjoyable surprise was given
Miss Green by about forty of her pupils
on the evening of Dec. 6th, the occasion
being her birthday. She was the recipi
ent of several presents, and feels both
gratified and honored at being thus re
membered by her pupils. Miss Green
has taught in the schools of this city for
nine years, and her well-sustained popu
larity with pupils and patrons is un
doubtedly built upon merit
In unloading the steamer Toledo’s car
on a a pumai
to Geo. W. . Best,
ocbl , xvuum
Room 2, go during her first trip this winter a tank
Tribune Building, New York City, and a sample copy of The New York of coal oil consigned to Millsap & Cook
Weeklj- Tribune will be mailed to you.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS
was accidentally dropped into the river
in the darkness. The trucks, which also
Beat 23c Real in City.
went over, were recovered, hut it was
Choice Fruits. Confections, Nnts and Cigars.
thought the tank had sunk to the bot
The fallowing general forms are always in stock tom. The next morning the boat’s crew
OTICE is hereby given thist the undersigned,
the duly appointed. qualified and acting and for sale at the Reporter office:
were surprised when they overtook the
administrator of tbe estate of Beniamin Antrim,
Lemonade, Soda Pop, Etc.
Real Estate Mortgage
tank gently floating down stream a little
Boani by the Day or Week.
Satisfaction ot Mort.
Bond for Deed
below Dayton. It was brought up the
hill county, state of Oregon, and said court has
Transfer of Mortgage
set Saturday, the sth day of December, A. D. 18!M.
at the hour of one o’clock p. m . of said day as the
We cam- a large stock of stationery and are
time to hear said final account, and of objections
M c M innville
Marvin Thurber gives the readers of
prepared to do Job printing of every sort in the
thereto, and to the settlement thereof.
best style of the art and at low figures.
Dated Nov. Cth. ISM.
the R eporter the result of his experi
J. R. FORREST.
ence in feeding wheat to hogs. A year
Administrator of the Estate of Benj. Antrim,
ago he bought six pigs, paying $9 for the
same. They were run on grass with the
T. ». GALBREATH.
1. H. OOCCH1B.
B. E. COULTER, Prop.
benefit of house slop until harvest and
then turned on stubble until October 10.
Goodfl of all descriptions moved and
Calbreath & Goucher.
They then weighed about 100 pounds
careful handline guaranteed. Collections
apiece and were put in pen and fed 57
will be made monthly. Hauling of all
PHYSICIANS AND SÜRGEON8.
days on cooked wheat and oats, consum
kinds done cheap.
tt 'MlNNTIL t.K
ing 15 bushels of wheat and 25 of oats.
December 10th they were slaughtered
( Office otmt Braly’s bank. )
and sold, making 905 pounds of meat,
for which he received five cents a pound,
■ Always the best. Known
The R eporter job department has
J*™ of 2,1 acres, two and
■ everywhere. Ferry’s Seed
or $45.05. It does not require a great
*OU|.hwe’t of Ballston, in Polk just added another rapid press to its fa
F Annual for ISOS tells you
,cu. lu cultivation, balance in
'what, how, and when to plant.
deal of figuring to show that Mr. Thur
Sent Free. Get It. Address «/j
ir<xxl we“s- 0004 cilities. Its capacity for turning out fine
ber received a better price for his grain
*lbPer acre. One half cash
On on« J«“'» time to secure work is unexcelled outside of Portland.
than he could have got in the grain mar
juiw^, jfr1 0Q “ address undersigned at
Give us a trial and see what neat thing
we can do for you.
LEVI CONK ER.
of Burn» A Daniels
Truck and Dray Co.
FARM FOR SALE!
Hale of New Hampshire; Seward of
New York; Wade of Ohio; Baker
and Lane of Oregon; Simon Came-
. ron of Pennsylvania; Andrew John
son of Tennessee; Collamer and Foot
i of Vermont; Hunter and Mason of
Virginia, and Doolittle, of Wiscon
sin, and Representatives Logan,
Lovejoy and Washburne, of Illinois;
Colfax, English and Holman of Indi-
| ana; Henry Winter Davis of Mary-
land; Burlingame, Dawes, Eli Thay-
I er and Charles Francis Adams of
I Massachusetts; Windom of Minneso-
ity in the senate and the republicans i to; Lamar of Mississippi; Francis P.
in the house. John C. Breckinridge Blair, Jr., and John S. Phelps of
was vice-president, and Benjamin Missouri; Pennington of New Jersey;
Fitzpatrick of Alabama was president Conkling, Fenton and Sickles, of
pro tempore of the senate, while New York; Vance of North Carolina;
William Pennington of New Jersey Allen. Corwin, Cox. Bingham, Pen
was speaker. President Buchanan’s dleton, Sherman and Vallandigham
annual message was awaited by con of Ohio; Covode, Grow and Stevens,
gress and the country with the keen of Pennsylvania; Keitt of South
est interest, but it was a disappoint Carolina; Etheridge and Maynard of
ment to everybody. It was indecisive, Tennessee; Reagan of Texas; Mor
contradictory and illogical. Senator rill of Vermont, and Millson and
Hale of New Hampshire succinctly Pryor of Virginia.
summed up Buchanan’s position in
Committees to frame compromise
these words: “If I understand the measures were at once formed—a
meaning of the message it is this— committee of thirteen in the senate
South Carolina has just cause for se to represent the original states, and
ceding from the union. That is the one of thirty-three in the house to
first proposition. The second is, she represent the number then in the
has no right to secede. The third is, union. The senate committee, from
we have no right to prevent her se which most was expected by the
ceding." This is a tolerably fair country, was composed of five repub
summary of Buchanan’s argument licans—Seward, Collamer, Wade,
on the secession question. He had Doolittle and Grimes—all from the
a scheme to prevent secession, how north; five members from the slave
ever, and that was an “explanatory holding states—Crittenden, Powell,
amendment” of the constitution, the Hunter, Toombs and Davis—all dem
object of which, as he said, was to ocrats, except the old Whig, Critten
“recognize the rights of the southern den, who was then classed as a
states in the territories.” He ap Know-nothing or American, with
pealed to the northern states to re three northern democrats—Douglas,
peal their personal liberty laws and Bigler and Bright—as mediators be
yield prompt obedience to the fugi tween the extremists. The commit
tive slave act. “Unless this is done,” tee’s first work was the passage of a
he said, “it is impossible for any resolution providing that no propo
human being to save the union.”
sition should be reported as adopted
It was on December 3 that the unless it was sustained by a majority
message was read in congress. On of each of the three classes into
December 10 the veteran Lewis Cass, which the committee was divided.
secretary of state, disgusted at Bu Its second task was to consider a
chanan’s nervelessness and failure to joint resolution presented by Critten
reinforce Maj. Anderson in Charles den, and known in political history
ton ■ harbor, resigned.
Attorney as the Crittenden compromise, which
General Jeremiah S. Black was put proposed several amendments to the
in his place, and Edwin M. Stanton, constitution.
who was afterward to win imperish- extended the Missouri compromise
able glory as the nation’s great war line—the 36 degrees 30 minutes par
minister, was made attorney general. allel—onward to the Pacific ocean;
Some of the other cabinet offices prohibited any interference by con
were held by southern conspirators. gress with slavery south of that line;
Howell Cobb, secretary of the treas prevented congress from abolishing
ury, went to his home in Georgia and slavery in the District of Columbia
afterward entered the confederate so long as it remained in existence
service, Philip F. Thomas, and sub in Maryland and Virginia; declared
sequently John A. Dix, being put at that no future amendment to the
the head of the treasury. It was two constitution should ever be passed
or three weeks after entering this affecting the amendments protecting
office that Secretary Dix issued that slavery, and in other ways favored
famous order about the flag which the slave holders and intrenched
electrified the loyal states then and slavery in the organic law. All the
later. The order was sent out on republican members of the committee
January 29, 1861, and was tele and Davis and Toombs from the
graphed to W H. Jones, a special south, rejected the Crittenden
agent of the treasury department at scheme. Tbe republicans did this
New Orleans. Jones had previously because it surrendered too much to
been directed to tell Capt. Bresh- slavery, and the others because it
wood, commander of the revenue surrendered too little. The commit
cutter Robert McClellan, to obey any tee then reported a disagreement,
orders he might receive from Jones and its labors ended.
concerning the vessel, and directing
The house committee, of which
him to bring it to New York so as to Corwin was chairman, was more suc
secure it from seizure by the seces cessful. A minority of the commit
sionists. Breshwood, who designed tee favored the Crittenden compro
to turn the boat over to the conspir mise, but the majority went farther
ators, refused to obey the order. in the way of concession than even
Jones informed Dix, and Dix wired that agreement demanded. The ma
this command, the last fifteen words
jority’s scheme provided, among oth
of which became historic, to Jones: er things, for the abolition of all the
Tell Lieut. Caldwell to arrest Capt. personal liberty laws of the northern
Breshwood, assume command of the states; for the admission of New
cutter, and obey the order I gave Mexico, which then included what is
through you. If Capt. Breshwood, now Arizona, as a slave state,o for
after arrest, undertakes to interfere the amendment of the fugitive slave
with the command of the vessel, tell law so that the right to freedom of
Lieut. Caldwell to consider him a an alleged fugitive should be deter
mutineer, and treat him accordingly. mined by a court in the state from
If any one attempts to haul down the
which he was accused of fleeing, in
American flag, shoot him on the stead of by a court in the free state,
where he was caught, and for an
John B. Floyd, secretary of war, amendment to the constitution pro
and Jacob Thompson, secretary of viding that no subsequent amend
the interior, also stepped down and ment ‘ ’having for its object any in
cast their fortunes with the confeder terference with slavery shall origi
acy. Postmaster General Joseph nate with any state that does not
Holt, whose death occurred recently, recognize that relation within its
succeeded Floyd, Horatio King tak own limits, or shall be valid without
ing Holt’s place, while Thompson’s the assent of every one of the states
place was left unfilled until Lincoln composing the union.”
went into power. All these cabinet
The last-named proposition, that
changes occurred in periods ranging
the constitutional amendment,
from a week to four or five weeks af
made the most amazing con
ter the meeting of congress on De
to the slave power ever
cember 3, 1860, and tbe receipt of
in the halls of congress from
President Buchanan’s message on
the beginning of the government on
the same day.
The work of compromise which to that time, was not made by a
the president suggested became the slaveholder, or even by a citizen of a
chief task of congress at the outset slave state. It was made by the
in the session. It was a mighty distinguished republican, Charles
problem which presented itself, but Francis Adams, an old Free Soil
that body, in ability, experience and leader, a life-long foe of slavery, and
character, was worthy cf the work a representative of a district of the
submitted to it. Let us take a glance state which had always been the
at some of the more notable names head and front of tbe hostility to
on its roll. Among its members who slavery—the state of Massachusetts.
were then or who afterward became The Adams proposition was not re
known to fame were Senators James jected unanimously by the commit
A. Bayard, and Willard Saulsbury tee, or rejected at all. It actually
of Delaware; Toombs of Georgia; received the votes of thirty members
Douglas and Trumbull of Illinois; of that body. The only members
Grimes and Harlan, of Iowa; Bright who voted against it were William
of Indiana; Crittenden and Powell of Kellogg of Illinois; M. W. Tappan
Kentucky; Benjamin and Slidell, of of New Hampshire, and C. C. Wash
Louisiana; Fessenden and Hamlin, burne of Wisconsin, all republicans.
But below this depth of northern
of Maine; Sumner and Wilson, of
there was a lower deep
Massachusetts; Chandler, of Michi
gan; Jefferson Davis of Mississippi; yet to be touched, and another dis-
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov’t Report
The period between December 3,
1860, and March 4, 1861, is a dark
episode in American political histo
ry. The time between those two
dates covers the second session of
the thirty-sixth congress. The pop
ular branch of this congress was
chosen in 1858, around the middle of
Buchanan’s term in the presidency,
and this session covered the last
three months of his service. It be
gan about a month after Lincoln’s
election and ended on the eve of his
accession to power. The designation
dark episode in political history that
we apply to this period is given for
several reasons. It is dark because
the period, though one of the most
trying and critical in all American
history, has never received intelli
gent and adequate treatment from
historians, and also because the rec
ord of the period, so far as it has
been written, has been effaced, as it
were, from the popular knowledge by
the mighty and dramatic events of
the next few years. Finally, and in
a totally different sense, is is a dark
period because of the abject and hu
miliating concessions and surrenders
of principle proposed by anti-slavery
men in congress in the vain hope of
conciliating the secessionists and
averting war. Frederic Bancroft, in
the November issue of the Atlantic
Monthly, has an article entitled
“Seward's Attitude Toward Compro
mise and Secession in 1861-2,” but be
touches on only a minor episode in
the chronicle of the period. Of the
half a score or more distinct propo
sitions in senate and house to disarm
secession by conceding everything
that the secession element demanded,
and, in some cases, more than it ever
thought of demanding, lie makes no
An attempt will be made here to
tell the story briefly of the attitude
of the executive aud legislative de
partments of the government toward
secession from the opening to the
close of the short session of the 36th
congress, as this record is revealed
by the Congressional Globe and the
files of some of the ¡leading newspa-
pers of the time, supplemented by
the side lights which may be obtained
from the histories dealing with that
epoch. In order that the story may
be clearly intelligible, a few events of
the preceding half year will have to
be mentioned. The democratic par
ty was split into two factions in na
tional conventions held in April and
May, I860, the northern end of the
party nominating Stephen A. Doug
las for president and Herschell V.
Johnson for vice-president, and the
southern end putting up John C.
Breckinridge for president and Jo-
seph Lane for vice-president, An
element calling itself the Constitu
tional Union party, and consistingof
the remains of the old Know-nothing
party, and of the debris of the de
funct Whig organization, which had
not yet allied itself with either the
republican or democratic parties,
nominated John Bell and Edward
Everett for first and second places,
Respectively, on its ticket. Lincoln
and Hamlin were the republican nom
inees, and were elected. Lincoln got
180 electoral votes, Breckinridge 72,
Bell 39 and Douglas 12. In the pop
ular vote, however, this was the or
der of the candidates: Lincoln,
Douglas, Breckinridge, Bell. All of
Lincoln’s electoral vote was from the
north, and all of Breckinridge’s from
the south. The whole north declared
for Lincoln except New Jersey,
which gave him four of her electoral
votes and cast the other three for
Douglas. In addition to these three
votes Douglas got Missouri’s nine
votes. Bell carried Virginia, Ken
tucky, and Tennessee. Although
Lincoln had 1,866,352 popular votes,
a large plurality, tbe two democratic
factions combined had nearly 400,-
000 more than him, and then there
were 589,581 which were cast for
Bell and Everett. The fact that Lin
coln was, in a certain sense, a “mi
nority” president prompted some of
the secessionist leaders to call him a
“usurper,” and helped them to carry
on their propaganda. Immediately
after his election was assured a con
vention was calledoin South Carolina
to pass an ordinance of secession.
throughout the country. Everybody
felt that a crisis was at hand.
That was the situation of affairs
when congress met on December 3,
1860. The democrats were a major-
“As old »8
the hills” aud
ed. “ Tried
and proven ”
id ’F is the verdict-
jjj 0 f millions.
^ator “ t^e
r\0TlPj* only Liver
a -/ Cz
C / and Kidney
can pin yout
faith for a
on the Liver
neys. Try it.
Sold by all
Druggists in Liquid, or in Powder
to be taken dry or made into a tea.
The King of Liver Medicines.
“ I have used yourSlmmons Liver Regu
lator aud can consclenciously say it 1» the
king of all liver medicines, I consider it a
medicine chest In itself.—G bo . W. J ack -
son , Tacoma, Washington.
Has the Z Stamp in red on wrappesv
tinguished republican, Thomas Cor
win of Ohio, led the way in reaching
it. When the house, in considering
the majority report of Corwin’s
committee, came to the Adams
amendment Corwin proposed a sub
stitute declaring that ‘ no amend
ment shall be made to the constitu
tion which will authorize or give to
congress the power to abolish or in
terfere, within any state, with the
domestic institutions thereof, includ
ing that of persons held to labor or
service by the laws of said state.”
This was to be the thirteenth amend
ment to the constitution. To see
this humiliating abjuration of prin
ciple in all its hideousness, and at
the same time to realize how far the
pendulum of the popular courage
and conscience swung in a little more
than four years we have to contrast
this shameful surrender with the
grand declaration—“Neither slavery
nor involuntary servitude, except as
a punishment for crime, whereof the
party shall have been duly convicted,
shall exist within the United States,
or any place subject to their juris
diction”—which was put in the na
tional charter in 1865 as the thir
proposition passed both branches of
congress—the house by a vote of
133 to 65, and the senate by a vote of
24 to 12. Of course had it been rati
fied by a sufficient number of states
slavery would be buttressed in the
constitution so securely that it could
never be dislodged save by each
slave state by itself, except by a rev
olution which would subvert the con
stitution. The sixty-five members
against the Corwin proposition were
all republicans, but many members
of that party, including Colfax,
Adams, Sherman and Windom, were
among the 33 who declared in favor
of it. Among the republicans who
voted against it were Conkling, Love
joy, Burlingame, Grow, Bingham and
Thaddeus Stevens. Almost all the
twelve votes cast against the propo
sition in the senate were by republi
cans, but some republicans voted for
it, and others who remained silent
without being paired, consented to
its adoption. Maryland and Ohio
were the only states which ratified
the proposed amendment. Some of
the other states rejected it, and oth
ers still took no notice of it, the war
quickly destroying all concession
Yet the republicans who were so
vigilant and courageous when the
compromise questions were up were
strangely destitute of these qualities
on another occasion in the congress
ional session in that fateful winter of
1860-61, when the acts were passed
organizing the territories of Colora
do, Dakota and Nevada. The ques
tion of slavery in the territories had
been the subject of violent discussion
ever since the Mexican war had add
ed to our western domain, and oppo
sition to slavery extension in the
territories was the corner-stone of
the edifice on which the republican
party was built. In the laws, how
ever, organizing Colorado, Dakota
and Nevada into territories there
was no prohibition of slavery, yet
the republicans quietly allowed the
acts, which had been introduced by a
democrat, to pass without any slav
ery restriction. Surrenders more
extended and abject than Webster
made in 1850 in his celebrated “Sev
enth of March’’ speech- were made
eleven years later by many men who
had been most vigorous and eloquent
in denouncing him.
But, of course, it would be grossly
unfair to judge the conduct of con
gressmen in the winter of 1860-61 by
standards set up in our own day. The
situation was new and the outlook
appalling. Allowance must be mad«
for the horrors of civil war, which
all men naturally desired to avert,
even at some temporary sacrifice of
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