Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (April 27, 1894)
Entered at the P«rt<iffi<*e tn McMinnville,
as .Second-class matt r.
M’MINNVILLE, OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 27, 1894
SENATOR LODGE’S SPEECH.
Why Protection Is Needed tor the
Prosperity ot the Cnited Stales.
“Two questions are involved in
this bill. One is the effect upon our
business prosperity, the wages of our
workingmen and the welfare of
our people, of a given set of tariff
schedules and duties on imports. The
I other is a much wider and deeper
I question, and involves nothing less '
! than a conflict between two hostile
I theories of government, upon the
for Infants and Children
outcome of which is staked the social
and political fabric which embodies
HIRTY ynar»’ observation of Castoria with the patronage of
our modern civilization. The first
question is domestic and of the grav
million, uf persons, permit ns to speak of it withnat guessing.
est and most immediate importance.
It is unquestionably the best remedy for Infant» and Children
But it neither belittles nor under
rates it to say that it falls far short
the world has ever known. It 1« harmless. Children liko it. It
of the second in its scope and in its
gives them health It will ,avo their Jiva«. In it Brother» have
influence upou the fortunes of civil
something which i« absolutely safe and practically perfect a« a
“In what I sliull say I propose to
discuss the second and larger ques
Castoria destroys Wo™..
tion first, «for on that I think the
cause in which I believe most surely
Castoria allay» Feverishness.
rests. At the outset, iu treating of
Castoria prevent» vomiting Soar Curd.
protection and free trade, it is well
to clear our minds of cant. A tariff
Castoria rare. Dlarrhuc.v anil YVind Collo.
policy in its largest sense, as a part
Cantoria relieve« Toothing Troubles.
of a general theory and system of
Castoria cures Constipation and Flatulency.
government, and its farthest results
may affect a nation socially, morally
Castoria neutralizes the effects of carbonic acid gaa or poisonous air»
and politically; it may so modify the
Castoria doe* not contain morphine, opium, nr other narcotic property.
distribution of wealth as to give it a
wider and better scope, and may in
Castoria assimilates the food, regulates the stomach and bowels.
this way influence the whole arrange
giving healthy anil natural bleep.
ment and growth of society. On the
other hand, a tariff policy in the
Castoria input up in c.:io-»Do bottles only. It i» not «old in balk.
usual and narrow sense, and especial
Don’t allow any on«» to ¡»»41 yon anything else on the plea or promiaa
ly from the standpoint of the free
trader, is purely an economic matter,
that it is just as Rood ” and “ will answer every purpose»*/
a question of the pocket, of dollars
Seejthat you tret C*A~S-TwO-R*I-A.
and cents, and of the national method
of doiug business. In this latter
TL b ftxo-slzalle
aspect there is nothing sacred or
moral about a tariff system.
“The free trader, in the busy,
eager days of the nineteenth century,
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria
pulls out his little memorandum and
says: "’You cannot become rich by
taxing yourself any more than you
can lift yourself by your boot
straps,’ and so on, and so on. It is
very interesting to know that there
The Best Shoes
are men who really think that the
for the Least Money.
complex affairs of humanity can be
disposed of by a collection of epi-
gramatic half truths and watch pock-
and firmly believe
GEHTLEMEM. I that memoranda,
they can regulate the vast
mechanism of modern society with a
S5, 84 and $3.60 Dress Shot. latchkey, because that simple instru
$3.60 Police 8hoe, 3 Soles. ment suffees to open their own front
doors. They are interesting also in
$2-60, $2 for Workingmen. another way, for, to use the ex
$2 and $1.76 for Boys.
pressive slang of the day,‘They know
it all.’ The curious thing about it is
LADIES AND MISSES, ' that
they really do know it all, if by
$3, $2.60 $2, $1.76 ’it’ you mean free trade. It is possi
CAUTION—If any denial ble for anyone to know everything
offers you W. L. Douglas about free trade, because its doctrines
shoes at a red need price,
or says he has them with reached maturity fifty years ago and
out the name stamped have stood still ever since, untaught
on the bottom, put him
down as a fraud. by history and unchanged by facts.
!?* t HEWOR^
“To the average free trader noth
ing has happened since. His mind
is as tightly shut to new ideas oixnew
facts as that of the average English
W. L. DOUCLAS Shoes are stylish, easy fitting, and give better man on the currency question, or as
•atlslaction at the price* advertised than any other make. Try one pair and be con a rock barnacle at low tide. He still
vinced. The stamping of 'V. I.. Douglas’ name and price on the bottom, which believes that his doctrine is not only
guarantees their value, saves thousands of dollars annually to those who wear them.
Dealers who push the sale of IV. I.. Douglas Shoes gain customers, which help* to as scientifically true as the law of
Increase the sales on their full line of gooes. They can aflord to sell at a less protit, gravitation, but that it is absolutely
•nJ we betlove you can save money bv busing nil vour footwear of the dealer advas» new, although it is wrinkled with
Used below. Ciatafogne tree upon application. W. L. DOUULAB. Brees ten, Mass.
age and bent by the failures of fifty
Foi salcbj R. JACOBSON. years.
W. L. DOUGLAS
FREE TRADE IN ENGLAND.
THE INTER OCEAN
“England took up free trade, not
because she was suddenly convinced
of its scientific truth and believed
that it ought, therefore, to prevail,
---------------------------------------------- jS the ----------------- - -----------
even if the heavens fell. She adopted
MOST POPULAR REPUBLICAN NEWSPAPER OE THE WEST
it as nations generally adopt an
economic policy, because she was
satisfied, after much discussion, that
HAS THE LARGEST CIRCULATION-
it would pay. It is important to us
to know under what conditions they
TERTIS BY 7vmiL:
adopted it, whether our conditions
DAILY (without Sunday) $6 per year.
are like hers, whether in the long
free trade has proved such a
SEMI-WEEKLY, $2 per- year. run
benefit to England as to make it ob
WEEKLY, $1 per year.
vious that it must be benificial to
A. . newspaper the INTER OCEAN keep. abreu-J ot the times in »11 respect. It £paies every other nation.
neither pains nor expense in securing all the nev. land the best of current liteiature
“First, a3 to the conditions. Eng
land is a small country with a limited
agricultural area and nogreat variety
D edited especially lot those who, on account of mail service or any other reason, do not take a of natural resources.
daily pup» r In its colninns are to be found the week's news of all the world condense»! and the
States is very large with an enormous
cream vi the literary features of the Dally.
agricultural area and an almost un-
AS A FAMILY PAPER IT EXCELS " ' iMs of EIGHT* FAGU, with eoualed variety of natural resources.
The population of England fifty years
A Supplement, Illustrated in Colors,
It is still more so
of Eight Additional rnges, making in all sixteen Pages. This Supplement, containing Six Pages oj ago was dense.
to day. The population of the United
Reading Matter and two Full I* ize ilhutrations. i- alone worth the price charged for the paper.
The Inter Ocean is publiiihrd in Chicago, the news and commercial center of all west of the
Alleghany Mountains and is better adapted to th< ne< iso( tbe people ol that sect ion than any paper States at large, tried by European
standards, is sparse. Thus we see at
fuither East It is in a .-ord
>i.b <>i rh.- \\ < ■. ( b.»th m Politic* and literature.
eord with the p peon
Ph‘a; e rvuu inber that
Tbr Wcrklv Inter Ocean is ONLY ONE DOLLAR PER theoutset that the natural conditions
that the price uf
those of population also in Eng
THE INTER OCEAN, Chicago. and
land and the United States are whol
The Weekly Inter Ocean and Yamhill County Reporter both One ly different.
Year for $1.25.
“At the time of the free trade
movement, England had been living
and had built up her industries and
her merchant marine under a system
of high protection, which Lad en
•I dured for centuries. All the indus
tries practically which she could
hope for were firmly established,and
Wholesale and Bétail Dealers In
the skilled labor necessary to carry
on bad been developed. We on
the other band have had protection
of a varying kind and with some long
Paid up Capital, $.10.000
intervals of low tariff for less than a
Transacts a General Banking Business.
century. Many of our industries
are not yet firmly established, nor
- >/. II WHITX.
the necessary labor for them fully
fice President, - LEE Lin/HM.V.
developed, and many others to the
H >' 1 IS K
flourisiiing existence of which there
AND ALL KINDS OF
are no natural obstacles do not exist
at all. England invented the steam
Board of Directors:
engine, and in 1840 had carried the
J. W. COWLES,
A. J. APPEK8ON.
FURNISHINGS application of steam power to in
J. L. ROGERS.
dustrial production far beyond the
point reached at that time by any
Sell Sight Exchange and Telegraphic Trans
other nation. This lead in the appli
fers on New York, san Fnui«i.s>'<> ami Portland
Deposits received subject to check. Interest paid
ti.ci. Reti-rs by permission to Wm. McCbrts- cation of steam power gave her an
on Time Deposits Loans money on approved fa.
enormous advantage in cheapness of
security. Collections made on all »iccsslbh man, Mrs. L. E. Bewley, Mrs. E. D. Fellows.
Holl's Old Jewelry Stand, 3d Street. production, and put her far beyond
the reach of competition. We today
J. F GALBREATH.
K. «. «0VCM1R
i have no such advantage, for the ap
of steam power to indus-
JOHN F. DERBY, i plication
Calbreath & Goucher.
trial production is at the equal com
mand of all the great civilized na
Proprietor of The McMinnville
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS.
M c M innth . i.r -
“The most important difference,
however, still remains to be collid
(Oifice over Knly’a bank.)
ed. England today and fifty years
ago was unable to feed herself. She
situated at the Southwest corner of the Fair
?d to import food pi
her people. At the same ?
All sizes of first-class Drain Tile kept constantly time she had corn laws, which levied
>n Land at lowed living pi ices.
a heavy tax on the great food sta
'This tax benefited only the
landowners of England, a small and
COULTER <!t WRIGHT. Prop s.
in the main an aristocratic and very
COI NTY TREASl RF.R’S .NOTICE. rich class. It put a heavy burden
Goods of all descriptions moved and
upon all the people of England, and
is money on hand to pay all warrants especially upon the industrial class
careful handling guaranteed. Collections T 1 ’HERF.
endorsed prior to Jan. 1st, JsH. Interest
The great popular agitation
will be made monthly. Hauling of all will cease J. after
C. PENNINGTON, County Treasurer.
which ended with the establishment
April 13, 1W4.
kinds done cheap.
THE WEEKLY INTER OCEAN
E. J. Qualey & Co
Truck and Dray Co
of free trade began in the attack ou
the corn laws, and at the time the
repeal of the corn laws was regarded
as the leading feature of the free
trade movement. In reality that
repeal was demanded and would be
demanded today as part of the policy
SUBSCRIPTION' PRICE «2.00 PER YEAR.
One Dollar if paid in advance, single numbers nve cents.
the American products with which the shock of changes which it world
we shall pay for these increased im be difficult to portray. I have ao
portations from Europe? Obviousiv tear of the ultimate result. I believe
I not the great staples, for we now that the mighty forces that have
sell all that Europe can take. Obvi brought the great races of man to
ously, again,not manufactured goods
o---- their present position will not cease *
for Europe has a large . surplus - pro-1 to operate. 1 feel sure in the end
duction of those already.
____ „ i we
J. • * 1 Nothing
shall not ______
cast aside the policies
practically remains, then,but money;. which are to protect us from the low
“The protectionist theory is to dis
that is, our coin reserves _ atid
2 the ering
" and deadly competition of races
criminate by duties in favor of every
product of our mines, to pay for with lower standards* of living than
article which can be grown or man
increased importations which have our own.
ufactured in the protected country
replaced American goods.
“But however confident I may feel
in sufficient quantities for the use of
j “But let us go still farther into of the ultimate result, I do not wish
the people, and everything which
j this matter. By replacing American to see my country go through the
cannot be grown or manufactured in
I products with foreign products we wretchedness which even a tempora
sufficient quantities, according to the
I throw the labor normallj' employed ry abandonment of these policies
SOUTH AMERICAN TRADE.
protectionist, should be placed upon
in making those American products will cause. It is too great a risk to
the free list. Corn could not be
“Such in outline have been the re
“Under republican rule we en out of employment. That labor must take, too high a price to pay. Any
raised in England in sufficient quan sults of free trade in the only coun tered upon a policy intended to give go somewhere. The free trader says great industrial change, no matter
tities to feed her people. There was try which has adopted it. Let us us a shate of the South American that it will find its way into those how fair its promises, is a grave per
no ground for giving a bounty, as see now what it promises and what market. Wc proposed by reciproci employments where we have a natu il and sure to entail greivous losses.
has been done so largely by Euro rewards it offers when it asks for ty to get the South American coun ral superiority and where it is most
THE PRESENT BILL DENOUNCED.
pean nations, to stimulate the pro adoption in the United States. No tries and West India islands to ad profitable. As usual, he stops short
“The democratic party has under
duction of sugar, for it was a physical one will deny that under protection, mit us to their markets on better on a half truth, for this is not all.
impossibility to raise corn and wheat and especially during the last thirty terms than other nations by offering This labor, by going into fields al taken to make revolutionary change
beyond certain well defined limits. years, this country has enjoyed a them in return the free admission to ready occupied, increases the supply m our industrial system. Yet the
A certain proportion of food pro great prosperity, and that its pro our markets of certain of their pro of labor in that field and reduces democrats have lost heart as they
ducts had to be imported, there was gress and material development have ducts which we arc bound to import wages. The more you concentrate have proceeded. One concession has
no possibility of lowering the prices been littlo short of marvelous. in any event from some country, be labor in a few fields of employment followed another until it would be
by developing a home competition, When we are asked to lay aside a cause we did not produce them our and the more you narrow its oppor mockery to call this bill the expres
and the duties imposed for this rea system under which we have been so selves. In other words, we paid tunities and diminish the diversifica sion of any economic doctrine, still
son became a direct tax, which no successful the inducement ought to them for admission to their markets tion of industry, the greater will be more so to represent it as carrying
out the principles declared by the
one could escape.
be very great and the reward very with a preference over our compet the reduction of wages.
party at Chicago. A
“Therefore, according to the pro sure.
In coming to a decision so itors by favorable admission to our
“But there is still another side to democratic
policy of free trade
tectionist theory, better understood momentous and a change so far own. The policy was sound in theo this. Instead of narrowing the op
today than it was then, the English reaching, we ought to understand ry and had begun to produce good re portunities of labor, we can prevent might be defended. It would at
least have meaning and could be un
corn laws ought to have been swept well what we are tn gain by it. Free sults.
increased importations by making derstood.
But a bill which wrecks a
away long beforeitwas actually done. trade as its name implies, makes
But.’ unfortu protective policy
“As reciprocity of this sort can them unprofitable.
only to put in its
There is no defense for their exist trade of the first importance as a not exist without protection, the nately, the only way we can make
ence in protection. If it is possible condition of natural wealth and democratic party proposes to de them unprofitable is by making out- place a set of schedules which
to defend a tax upon food products prosperity.
It starts, therefore, stroy it, as they do not seem to care own costs lower than those of the slaughter some industries and give
premiums to others is wholly inde
which cannot be raised in the coun
for any extension of trade where the foreigners, and there is no way to
try in sufficient quantities for its
“The true and lasting source of foreign country is obliged to make lower costs except bj' lowering fensible. To replace a protective
system with free trade is at least in
needs, that defense is not to be found wealth is production, and trade, concessions to us.
Under their wages. Thus we come back at ev
in protection, but in free trade, even though it enhances the value of scheme nothing is to be exacted from ery turn of the free trade policy to a telligible. but to destroy by threats
which in England today taxes coffee the product, is at the same time a the foreigners, but we are to give reduction of wages, and every free of industrial revolution such a pros
and tea. Hence it follows that the tax upon production on account of i everything. The price which we are trader who knows anything of his perity as we enjoyed under the pro
repeal of the corn laws, which es the cost of transportation. A na to pay is not a limited admission to subject and is not talking for politic tective system in 1892 is as wanton
as it is ignorant and cruel.
tablished free trade in England, has tion without trade may be perma our markets, but our market itself. al effect will admit this to be true.
are to have protection, let us have it
absolutely no bearing on the ques nently rich and prosperous, but a They promise us an opportunity to
for every interest, equal and fair to
tion now before us, except as an ex nation without production and de compete, not for the markets of the
If we are to have free trade, let
ample of the soundness of the pro pending solely on trade holds riches world, but for a limited number of most important point to be consider
us have the real thing, and have it
Moreover, it and prosperity by a frail tenure.
foreign markets, with nations hav ed. Whether under free trade goods for everybody, for that at least will
must be remembered that we are in
“Trade is really valuable only as a ing lower labor Costs than ours. In would be cheaper aud the purchasing be fair. But an ignorant mixture of
no way dependent, as England was, means of giving a wider circulation return they ask us to abandon reci
of a dollar increased, it is cer these two systems is as impossible as
on outside supplies of food products. to products. In this capacity it is procity, which is increasing our ex power
tain that the price of labor would be it is unjust.
We not only raise all we need and of very great importance, but in no ports of manufactured products, and greatly
reduced. Now, the labor
“I turn from this printed deformi
all we ever shall be likely to need, other, and the cost of transportation to throw our own market open to cost is the
to the broad principle which the
but we are large exporters.
is a tax which production pays for , those same nations as well- as to all the whole cost in everything we party to whom we owe this bill pre
“There is still another side to this this wider circulation. It is of the i others.
The price is certain and
All our railroads and facto tended to advocate, and which 1 have
matter, which must not be passed utmost importance that a nation enormous, while the vague promise, have.
built, our farms already discussed. That is the prin
over, as it has an important bearing should pay this tax to itself and not I even if fulfilled, is as nothing to it, cleared, our been
at a ciple of let alone in the government,
upon the action of England. The to’ others. We suffer from the fact and when we add to all this the fact certain labor cost. develoned
Reduce sudden the refusal to use the power of the
English manufacturer had reached that we pay the cost of transporta | just shown, that our exports have ly the value of labor by free trade state
wisely to benefit the communi
the point where the miseries of the tion of our imports and exports increased faster than those of Eng- and the whole of our vast industrial ty. Protection
rests on the broad
industrial population were such that largely to other nations, and we i land, it seems incredible that any ! and transportation plant will be re-
that the power of the com
it was necessary to raise wages or shall continue to do so until we give I one can be found to even attempt to . duced in value. It must come down doctrine
munity can be wisely used in certain
run the risk of revolution, which was | our foreign commerce the. same pro- argue that we shall enlarge our ! to the level of the new and lower la- cases
for the benefit of the whole
foreshadowed in the Chartist move | lection which other nations give to market by free trade.
We not only I bor costs at which future competitors body ]>olitic. There is no magic iu
ment. The English manufacturer I theirs, and which we have extended sacrifice our home market, but sac I could be constructed.
We leave to the free trader tint
raised wages by repealing the corn i to our domestic industries and to I rifice it for a system that increases mean a revolution in the value of all it.
of claiming that he has a
laws, and thus cheapening the food i our coastwise trade.
exports less than protection.
the machinery of industry and trans panacea for all human ills in a pat
supply. The manufacturer raised
“We have protected the ship I
portation and would involve a vast I ent tariff policy. We uphold a sys
HOME MARKET CONSUMPTION.
his wages at the expense of the Eng i builder but not the shipowner, and
liquidation and gigantic losses, com-! tem of tariff protection because we
' an incomplete system can not do I “And what a vast sacrifice the ing as this change would come, with 1 believe it is one important method of
“Thus it was that the manufac otherwise that fail. We Lave re home market would be. Our own such a sudden shock. The loss to defending the standards of living in
turers of England, with practical fused protection to our commerce at market is the best in the world, be business and capital of such a rapid the United States from a fatal and
unanimity, petitioned parliament for the precise point where England has cause we are the richest people, with change would be incalculable, and degrading competition.
the removal of all protective duties. bestowed it with lavish hand. Now i lie largest purchasing power. If the further loss to labor which this
"We believe in maintaining, de
These English manufacturers did I we are asked to give up the system the statistics of Mulhall are correct, destruction to capital would cause fending
and uplifting the standards
not take these steps because they under which our industries and our 7(1,000,000 equal in consumption would be more incalculable still.
of living of the American people,
thought that a scientific truth coastwise trade have flourished, and 700,000,000, or half the population of
“The wealth of a country is in because upon those standards rests
ought to prevail, but because they replace it by that under which our the world outside our boundaries. production and the strength of a our
civilization and the onward
believed it to be for their own best foreign carrying trade has been ru- This great home market is now our country is in its producers.
It is march of our race. Men have strug
interests in the direction of a money i ined
own The free trader proposes to worse than idle to talk about consu gled up from the darkness which
profit. Their opinion deserved to
abandon it and throw it open to oth mers as if they were a vast propor shrouds their beginnings by slow
MARKETS GF THE WORLD.
be and was regarded by parliament
er nations from whom he asks noth- tion of the population who ought
strenuous endeavor. They have
Contrast their attitude with that of
“When a free trader is asked what > ing iu return, and merely promises alone to be considered. The mere and
fought their way to the light through
our own manufacturers today. Our our immediate advantage is to be that we Ehall have a chance to com consumers constitute uot only an in many defeats and with much sore la
manufacturers, with practical unani from the adoption of this policy he pete on equal terms for the markets significant but wholly unimportant bor. They have not done it by any
mity. favor protection and are op glibly replies, ‘The markets of the j which we are already getting uuder fraction of the community. Every doctrine of 'laistes faire’ or ‘let alone,"
posed to free trade, and their opin world.’ and feels,after the manner of reciprocity in the West Indies and in body is a consumer and at the same but by united and unresting effort.
ion ought to bo regarded by us as of his school, that the whole matter is ' South America. As a business prop time a producer, or dependent upon i The same force which has created
great importance in the wisest busi settled by a well sounding phrase. osition no madder scheme was ever production
for his support
The | great nations has created civilization,
ness settlement of this question. Unfortunately we cannot stop there. proposed and no more insane policy first object of our policy, therefore, and great nations are the denial of
The reply to this always is that our We must go further and have some was ever urged upon an intelligent should be to do what is best for the the let alone theory. Laistes faire,'
manufacturers sustain protection thing more satisfying than a glitter j people. Wc are gravely asked to i producer, because production means supply and demand, one begins to be
because they are selfish and make ing generality, the favorite hiding ■ give up the American market, the i both wealth and wages, and con weary of all that. Leave all to ego
The ‘markets of , most valuable material possession on sumption depends upon the capacity ism, ravenous greed of money, of
money bv it.
It is undoubtedly i place of delusions
true that the manufacturer sus j the world’ sound delightful, but the face of the earth, and we are not for production. If, in a search for pleasure, of applause. It is the gos
tains protection because he hopes to , what markets? At this point the even offered a definite price. We are other markets, we give up our own. pel of despair.
| free trader gives out, and yet it is ! : promised nothing but the vague re we lose more than we gain, and in
| the very essence of the whole ques- sult of a doubtful theory, and if Eng stead of widening we narrow the
LABOR DEPENDENT ON CAPITAL.
lish experience may be trusted, a circulation of our products and
“That is the object of business, ! tioii.
“Let us run over briefly these i consequent diminution of exports.
and the number of persons who are
thereby diminish their value and
in business with any other purpose markets of the world and see just i “This is literally all that free trade limit production.
is, I think, extremely small. If, how what they are. To Europe we now offers to the people of the United
“Our first object should be to hold
ever, the American manufacturer sell cotton and wheat and a few States in the direction of a wider cir- our own market, because it is the In time to any irregularity uf the
does not make money it is quite cer
largest and best, and that being Stomach, Liver, or Bowels may
tain that he will not employ labor, she must and no more, and the same however, on the domestic side anoth done and our own market securely
and, therefore, the workingmen will is true of the continent. No change er promise They tell us that if we guarded, our next object should be
not make money either Our manu of tariff policy would enlarge our i ■ throw our market open to the world to increase our outside markets by
we shall be able to buy cheaper, or, an}' possible device. By means of
facturers believe that under free
Our great and fa- , in other words, that our purchasing invention and protection we have
trade they must either go out of i food products
business or reduce labor costs.
been enabled thus far to maintain
\ ness, and ver-
They naturally do not care to do the i ality declining seriously owing to the ; | sumes that rates of wages will re high rates of wages in the United
main unchanged, for you cannot en States, while lowering the price of
former, for that is ruin, and they are
' certain f u n c -
very unwilling to try the latter, be
the necessaries or comforts of life
cause reducing labor costs means
and raising the standard of living.
ments, the best
lowering wages, which means iu practically controlled. This situa minish the original purchasing power If we abandon protection we shall
turn vast industrial disturbances, tion cannot be affected by free Irade j from other causes in an equal or probably in many directions increase
which is Ayer’s
and that is ruin, too, or something or protection, because the markets greater ratio.
prices by withdrawing American
“To put it a little more plainly, if competition from the competition of Pills.
very near it. How widely different from which we are being driven are
is our situation today from that of not our own. Barter does not enter , a man earns i2 a day. and by cheap- the world and thereby raising the coated, easy to take aud quick to
England fifty years ago, so far as the into it, for we do not take bread- 1 i ening what lie buys you enable him world’s price. In any event we shall assimilate, this is the ideal family
manufacturers are concerned. Most stuffs from any one. We are simply : to get for $1 what now costs him lower wages. Protection does not medicine—the most popular, sale,
striking of all these differences, being pushed out of foreign markets ¿1.50, you have increased his purch make high wages, but it helps to aud useful aperient in pharmacy.
moreover, is the fact that while the for breadstuffs by the competition of asing power; but if while you cheap prevent their reduction. We have Airs. M. A. B rockwell , Harris,
English parliament listened to Eng a labor so cheap that we canuot en the article purchased you lower liigh wages in the United States, Tenn., says:
hir. wages from ¿2 to $1 a day, the and our labor costs are consequently
lish manufacturers a majority of the meet it.
*' Ayer’s Cathartic Pills cured me or sick
“It is apparent that we cannot net result is a diminution of his pur high. So far as natural resources headache
American congress not only turns a
aud tny husband ot neuralgia We
deaf ear to American manufacturers,
go, we are more richly endowed by I think there is
but treats them as if they were ene breadstuffs, much less enlarge it; vation. It is too often forgotten that nature than any other country in the
No Better Medicine,
and it is also true that, with the ex two things go to make up purchasing ' world. It is only when we take from
mies of their country.
“We find that England does not ception of pork and other meat pro power. One is the amount earned;. the earth its manifold gifts and touch and tiave induced many to use it.”
Thirty-five years ago this Spring, I was
hesitate to apply protection where ducts, there is practically no market the other is the cost of the thing them with the hands of labor that
run down by hard work and a succession of
she thinks it profitable. She gives in Europe or in England, so far as purchased. The first is the more im- i they become higher priced than else colds,
which made me so feeble Urat it sis
vast subsidies, which are protective we are concerned, for anything else. portant aud is generally neglected by where. The entire difference between an effort
for me to walk. 1 consulted the
bounties, to her shipping. She has
our pricesand those of Europe, when doctors, but kept siuking lower until I had
just imposed import duties in India, turing countries with large surplus power really rests on the power to I such difference exists, really lies in given up ail hope of ever being better.
but she has excepted cotton goods production, and all except Great earn—that is, upon production. If the labor costs.
Happening to be iu a store, one day, where
and yarns, nearly half the imports, Britain have protective tariffs. Aus we do not produce we do not earn,
medicines were sold, the proprietor noticed
THE DISTRESS OF TO-DAY.
my weak and sickly appearance, aud alter
thus’giving a protective discrimina tralia is protected and so is Canada. and if we do not earn it is of very little i
“Protection is one feature of a a few questions as to my health, recom
tion in those vast possessions in fa There remain, then, the countries of consequence Vhether the things we
vor of the Lancashire mills, proving ! the east and of South America, val- desire to purchase are cheap or dear. ' great policy of self - preservation mended me to try Ayer's Pills. I had little
wnten I 1 believ
Deiieve to be essential to the faith in these or auy other medicine, but
in this way that her eagerness to i uable markets, I have no doubt, but
THE FREE TRADER S ARGUMENT.
at last, to take his advice and tr y
future of this republic. To abandon concluded,
have other nations adopt free trade 1 of limited purchasing power, and, as
box. Before I had used them all, 1 was
The progosition of the free trader i it is to enter on changes which will a very
is simply that she may have markets ' Mr. Reed said in the house, “with
much better, aud two boxes cured iue.
that are now closed to her. We three generations of Englishmen, that, by the removal of duties, we go to the very bottom of our social 1 atn now so years old; but I believe that
I and political fabric
Look at this it it had not been for Ayer'. Pills. 1 should
have found also that wages have
been declining in England under : possession of every avenue of trade.” volves of necessity increased impor . country since the threat of free trade have been in my grave long ago. 1 buy 6
free trade during a period of twenty The markets, of the world, therefore, tations and a corresponding decrease has hung closely over it. Look at boxes every year, which make 210 boxes up
years. By the tables of exports we | come down to this, that under free either in the amount or the prices of the miseries and losses and wage re- to this time, and I would no more be with
learn that exports increase faster trade we are to have an opportunity, the home product. If we increase | ductions of the past year. If this is out them than without bread.” —H. II.
under American protection than un according to the free trader, a better importations, just so far do we re the result of the menace, what will Ingraham, Rockland, Me.
der British free trade.
the reality be?
“We see from other statistics that struggling with England, France of foreigners and just so far do we
“The reduction of wages thus far Prepared by Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell,
she has 23 paupers to every 1,000 and Germany for entrance into the proportionately narrow the opportu made is trifling to what will come if
against li in the United States. | eastern and South American mark nities for American labor Here, of this bill becomes law and men seek Every Dose Effective »
We know that the stream of emigra ets; that is, of competing with cer course, the free trader is ready with i to adjust themselves to the new con-
tion flows from England to the tain limited! foreign markets against i an answer. ‘You forget,’ he says, I ditions. Such a lowering of wages
W. J. CLARK,D.D.S
United States; we know in one word nations whose labor costs and stand the great principle of barter -U wc is not to be contemplated
i plated withou.
that wages are better here, the ards of living are lower than our buy foreign goods, where we former ’ the deepest alarm. The country is
Graduate (.'Diversity ot Mich.
standard of living higher and the own. This does not seem a very ly bought American goods, we pay agitated and frightened as at no
opportunities of life larger than in magnificent opportunity, even as I j lor them with other products, and so previous time.
There is darkness
Has opened an office in Union Block. Room 6,
England. All this we are asked to have stated it, and yet I have made of course, the sum of production re before and danger’s voice behind.’ ! and
Is prepared to do all work in the dental line,
abandon in order to try the free no reference to the price which free mains the same.’ Having thus com While we debate rates of ddties, the
trade system, which the British col trade proposes to make us pay for pleted his phrase, he stops just as he ' ■ threat of this bill is really breaking
onies have thrown aside, and about this privilege, although the price does with ’the markets of the world.’ down an important part of a broad 1 CROWN AND BRID&E WORK A SPECIALTY,
the merit of which England herself must be considered before the case But we cannot stop there.
1 general policy on which we must re-I
“We must look further. What are > I ly unless we are prepared to meet' LATter M ethod or P aihless E mtbactio *.
is hesitating today.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov’t Report.