IMOBU. À i- o., X y i «EÌII-WKEKLY w ‘«ken wlth , a,<-'oinpW|eii‘ h,k «i very U1Ufc u“1*' /Sí LU UCK'» r,“ih '■“rt 0“e olí! ',ut' TELEPHONE MINNVILLE, OREGON, MARCH 11, 1881 1 -“t* SAWjg^ re.'l‘»i»»ofut. je r last re>li ’Uisjeiently" !" SAID. Frederick th. «»tiling^ A, * ‘'rce8“G0|4. he most '¡d '»y in. char- '*”•> will cn- '■"P’-y, kidar, utiar , the contran !>' ’ rai eable to hy which blood is mads J'. " hich htt overrim w¡U ■in Hayti. THE o MIC ~ lie Nene», »TOffOn, MH ’ Weak B,wk i Almont in- it highly n. «ay» “I -pure Blood rs: “I han e with most est tomo io ST SIDE 'TELEPHONE. PRECIOUS STONES. ----- Issued------ ,-jRY TUESDAY AND FRIDAY —ui— MANY OF THEM THAT ARE LITTLE KNOWN BUT VERY VALUABLE. lonTisois BnilO. McMlmille, Oregon, --BY — alma fife Ac Turner, Fsblishsrs and Proprietors. How Diamonds Ar« Classified — The Agate, the Amethyst and the Emerald. Garnet and Bloodstone—A Long List of Valuable Gema. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: ..............................................................................»? 00 “Our people have to be educated in the matter of appreciating certain valuable stones. The people of London and Now rceaiouths........................... "¿1....................... 3 York are thoroughly posted on the sub tiered iu the Poatoflice at McMinnville. Or., ject of stones, and therefore they know ‘ as second-class matter. the value ot them. Out here the diamond ia looked upon as the most valuable—in the only really precious stone that y. V. JOHNSON, M. D. fact, there is. As a consequence we labor un der a disadvantage, as compared with Xorthweit corner of Second and B street», dealers in tlie east. Of course, I know OREGON. tliat there are some hero who are informed (XXV1LLB ou the subject of precious stones, but I , hr tyin l at bl. uffiue wh.u nut abwat ou pro- mean that as a class our people have much to learn. For instance, if I were to usk almost anybody that came in here if LITTLEFIELD & CALBREATH, he would like to buy an Alexandrite he would not know what I meant. ’ ’ “Tell ine something about gems. What lysicians and Surgeons, is an Alexandrite?” M c M innville , oregon . “It is dark green in color by daylight and dark rod at night. It is named after Office over Braly’s Bank. the czar of Russia, and owes its celebrity to its prominent hues of red and green, the chosen emblematic colors of that S. A. YOUNG, M. D. empire’s flag." I “Ls it true that you can’t break a dia mond?" Physician and Surgeon, * ‘A diamond will crack or break as any IIXNVILLE - • - OREGON. other stone, but tho cracking will reduce Ice and re’¡deuce oh D street. All call» promptly $1,003 to nothing, spite of the vulgar cred day or night. tradition that you ‘can’t break a ilia- i mond. ’ Only about one iu ten ls royal, the others lxjing black or colored (useful dr . g . f . tucker , iu the arts).” DEATIST, VALUATION OF DIAMONDS. “How do you get at ths value of dia [1NNVILLE - - • OREGON. monds ?” “The valuation of gems is arbitrary, Ice-Two doors east of Biughaiu’s furniture depending on many considerations. Among ughing gas administered for painless extraction. them is ‘water.’ If perfectly limpid, like a drop of the purest water, it is classed ‘first water. ’ Color comes PRICE, next. Colorless ranks highest, whit ish next, while tle merest suspicion of green or blue rather heightens the rank ot white stone3. Rose comes next, aud then yellow or amber, but they must all be perfect in water and flawless UpStairs in Adams’ Building, to rank among the first class. OREGON I minnville “What about agates?” “They are translucent to transparent— all colors. Agates are built up layer on layer, hundreds to the inch. STER POST BAND, Those sometimes stained by mangmmese or iron in moss like figures and veins (moss agates), The Best in the State. sometime« closely resembling persons and prepared to furnish munic for all occasion» at reason things, command very high prices.” able rate». Address “Can you give me a chapter on the ” i. J. KOWLANI), amethyst? “It is transparent, purple or violet in Business Manager, McMinnville. color. A cluster as mined generally con tains other crystals of blue, green, yellow, M’MINN VILLE red, gray and white. The red crystals are properly rose quartz, the clouded ones smoky quartz; the green aro prase, the yellow ‘false topaz’ and the perfectly clear Corner Third and D streets, McMinnville are rock, crystals. The finest rock crys tals are found in great numbers near Hot Springs, Ark., in ‘Diamond mountain.’” GAN BROS. & HENDERSON, “What is a hard stone aside from the diamond?” Proprietors. “The aquamarine—a transparent beryl of greenish blue. It is a lovely stone-sis 'he Best Rigs in the City. Orders ter of tho emerald, and very hard. It will cut all the amethysts, but not the topaz, imptly Attended to Day or Night, and is not affected by acids. The chryso beryl (cat’s eye) is very hard, but ranks below sapphires, rubies, etc. It is trans parent to translucent green in many shades. Tlie chrysoprase is apple green, aud some stones are very beautiful and BILLIARD HALL. highly valued.” “How does the emerald rank?” “The translucent or subtransparent and A Strictly Temperance Resort. green variety of the beryl, just as the aquamarine is the transparent and blue go«d(f) Church members to the contrary not variety, but it Ls very much more highly wit L standing. prized. Emeralds rank next to tlie dia mond, ruby and finer sapphire. Oriental is the green sapphire—very rare, Orphans’ Home” emerald very beautiful and very valuable.” “Are there stones that can be passed for TONSORIAL PARLORS, another?” “The garnet, which is transparent and only firjt class, and the only parlor-like »hop in the red, depends upon its value altogether on its looks, for it can often pass as a ruby." eity. None but “What is a bloodstone?” rst • elans IVorkiiru Employed “A variety of chalcedony of a deep green color, variegated with blood-red or yel indoor south oI YamhiU County Bank Building. lowish spots. It is properly called helio M l MINEVILLE. OREGON. trope.” “Name some other stones. I ve run H. H. WELCH. out.” HOTOGRAPHER Fruttini cspecuh'y easily ob* musimi* : no suoi; RID out menti, U U1FF1J o.. Cali. wy Feed and Sale Stables ORPHANS’ HOME” ■R! .fre. nielli S an w cd. tV [ of general interest . r-Labrador, twice as large as the pti*<li Isles, is geologically speaking. F 0-<lest land now above the face of F tXeau. H)ut of the 1,066 paintings contrib uto the exhibition of the Royal In finte of Painters in water colors, in pnileii. 342 were sold for «55,000. F'srmont pays its judges »2,500 a pr.and there is a scheme to raise the Paries to W.tttto, with $300 for ex- r,l‘s* The Green Mountain Gov- Rot gets »1,000. r~A bronze tablet commemorative of r ltr»l blood shed.in the Revolution »•recently placed opposite the spot '1* historic Boston massacre. March “ ‘d— Boston Journal. '“legislative chestnuts” is the lat- ’lang phrase. A legislative chest- r w * àlea,uro that has bee» dis- 1 *. 1 f<ir. years and, after being l’l,‘lcii( J time and again, continpes to [ up s. renely every time the Legisla- p-meets. — Chicago Times. I~llie latest industry developed in «• York is a search of the street-car Prks and the gutters after midnight t“‘ a dark laptern for lost articles. P* man says he makes a fair living f Picking up things in the street, and M he has found as much as seven pars in small co ns of a single mora li It had been dropped by people FjyitiK and crowding upon the horse rm Besides money, watches, knives, rp* trinkets, hand satchels, re- Uei?- Bundle«, opera glasses, eta.. P’times reward the search of the FMtt.-*V. K Sun. A LONG LIST OF GKWS. “There is tho hyacinth cinnamon stone, transparent, yellow, red and brown. There ar« garnet hyacinths and zircon hy acinths. Although its Intrinsic qualities ought to rank tlie zircon hyacinth first, tho market rates it second. Thon there is the lagalite (blue spar), translucent and deep blue. Only tho fine varieties are valued for jewelers' purposes. Next the malachite, transluoent green, used for clocks, vases and parlor ornaments, slabs, etc. Mexican ony x, translucent greeiush white, with vein» of all colors, makes lovely papor weight», inkstand», pipe bowls, etc. The onyx is constructed in films or layers of different colors like the agate, except that in the onyx the films are laid flat, while in the agate they are like the peelings of an onion. The onyx is chiefly valuod for cutting cameos. The choice colors in true onyx are white, black and brown. Sardonyx ha» also a film of carnelian red. The opal 1» transparent white, pale yellow, gray, green «nd ref It owes its value to its peculiar posrer of exhibiting a wonderful play o£jolore “ 1C is turned to various angle». The most re markable is the fire opal. FTecious opal is the very finest and most delicately Lhaded and tinted of fire opals. Of the rubv there is the spinel, transparent U,lit. medium or dark red. The oriental sap- phire ruby is of the same description and very difficult to distinguish from thsjpi nel. It i« a degree harder. As a gene al rule the orientals are the most *ind spinel» of equal cupped by reputation. Oriental rubies « tlie^ry fine»» qualities are more valuable than diamonds *e same yeight ••Let ms see—there is the “PPh‘™t transparent, azure, celestial, etc , and blue. Sapphiresof the and afi other good J?!." much less than oriental rubte» ot ths same Yellow sapphires are called oriental topaz, green ones oriental emerald and violet ones oriental amethysts. The precious topaz is transparent and yellow. There arc other varieties—greenish, blu ish, reililish and some «re perfectly color less. When these arc entirely transpar ent and otherwise perfect they have a high value also, for they often pass as rubies, sapphires und diamonds. Another highly- valued stone is the tourmaline. It Is transparent, yellow, red, green, blue. Tlie clear, rich stones are greatly prized. The red is called rubellite, and is often sported as a ruby, as is the yellow for a topaz Some amber and honey colored yellov tourmalines are among the most beaut: fu) gems iu existence. “The turquoise opaque is blue green Turquoise mines in Persia have been worked for thousands of years. We get ours mostly from New Mexico, The ultra marine is translucent, bright blue to green. It is a much valued gem for brooches and other jewelry, in which slab shaped blocks can be utilized. Also for expensive inlaid work in mosaics. It ranks higher with the artists as a color than aquamarine, but as a gem it is not so valuable.”—Cincinnati Enquirer Inter view. Horace Greeley’« Birthplace. Last siunmer I went to see the house in which Horace Greeley was born, ut Am herst, N. H. On the walls of the room where that hero was born—no, I cannot call him a hero exactly,because be carried his old faded blue cotton umbrellu always to the dinner table when bo was asked out to dine, and wore list slippers. A hero always possesses adaptability. I must call Horace Greeley an eminent philan thropist and literary man. Tho walls of the room were hung with the most amaz ing works of art. Over the fireplace was the picture of a little graveyard; an enor mous weeping willow tree in one corner— under its shade four standing figures. A black dog with a piece of black crapo tied to his collar—a tall man in full suit of black—his whiskers, eyes and hair of an iuky hue—a small woman, apparently his wife, also in dark, somber garments oi woo with an enormous coal scuttle bonnet on her head—a little girl in black panta lettes; in her hand was a jet black dolL To crown all a coal black crow was seen perched in the branches of the weeping willow tree. It was very funny, certainly. I remem ber another fancy piece hung between the windows of the room, representing Abra ham Lincoln anil George Washington. Their faces were very pallid, both being dead or supposed to bo. George Washing ton wore the uniform of a general, Mr. Lincoln a full dress suit of broadcloth. They wore depicted b i if embracing in mid air, for their feet were resting on clouds, and vapory matter surrounded both heroes. I asked the woman the meaning of so strange a sight. “It is the meeting of Lincoln and Washington in the spirit lapd,” replied she. I told her I thought it the most astonishing picture I had ever seen. “Ah! most every visitor who comes here is attracted by it,” answered she.— Boston Cor. Salem (Mass.) Gazette. Tlie Umbrella In Poker Playing. One of the old timers was telling at Macon the other day of ths tricks of gamblers of his day. There was one man, since reformed, and who now stands well, who came down from Atlanta about once a month and cleaned up the Macon boys at poker. This was many years ago, and when Atlanta was but a village. As might be expected, the Macon boys used sveiy effort to prevent him. One rainy night the Atlanta man came down, and after supper was seated at a table up stairs in a building on Mulborry street. But the boy» had fixed for him. A small hole had been bored in tlie ceiling Just over the table, and a wire run through the ceiling and down tlie »ido and iloor of the room until it reached the aide of the table opposite the dreaded poker player. Here tlie wire was fastened to a piece of wood against which the sitter kept his foot. In this way it was intended that the man above the ceil ing could see the Atlanta man’s hand, and communicate pointers by slight jerks of the wire. That night the Atlanta sport lost heavily. At first he thought his luok was boil, but the cards were good, and he mentally concluded that something beside bad luck was causing his money to get on the other side of tho table by the hundreds. The Macon boys who were in the secret were in high glee at the victory. Finally the Atlanta man caught on, and, reaching down by his side, picked up his um brella deliberately, and without a word, hoisted and raised it above him. Ths um brella shut off the view of the man above the ceiling. aDd in a short while tho Atlanta sport had won back his money and cleaned up the Maoon boys, as usual. It was years before be ever mentioned the matter, aud you may be sure the Macon boys kept it quiet.—Macon Telegraph. How He Knew Her. Mme de Montgolfier, who died in Paris In the last part of the reign of King Louis Philippe, passed her 111th year. It was her habit to take a walk alone every morning in the garden of the Luxembourg. One morning, while sitting on a bench there, she became conscious of a peculiar sensation in her head and a loss of ideas. She rose to go home, but found that she had forgotten, not only where she lived, but her name as well. She called to a gentleman who was passing: • ‘Will you please conduct me home, sir’” The passer offered her his arm. “Where do you live, mndamo?” he asked. “I cannot remember tho street nor tha number.” said she: “and, what Is worse, I cannot remember whc.t my name is. But perhaps you may understand better why I should be in this, plight, sir, if I tell you that I am lilyears old.” “One hundred and eleven years old!” he exclaimed. “Thon you must ba Mme. de Montgolfier, who lives at No. 17 rue d’Enfer.” “Exactly, sir; I am she,” the old woman exclaimed in delight She had found out who she was. She was conducted to her home, and died peacefully within two days.—Youth’s Companion. Panama’« Ojflnm Privilege. A Chinaman has purchased for »16.000 the exclusive privilege ot selling opium In Panama. The money is dero’ed partly to hospitals and partly to redticiug the government debt.—New Yor*c Sun. HIE NEW SOUTH. NO. 78. TALES FROM SAVAGES’ LANDS. Solus WHAT JUDGE KELLEY SAYS OF ITS WONDERFUL DEVELOPMENT. Remarkable Storiee Thai White Truvolei-e Have Set Going. Travelers have told many strange tales about new countries they have vis ited. A great ingnv wonderful yarns have A Look at Nashville and Chattanooga. been sprung by sailors and traders, who Kailroad» and Mineral Region»—Cotton are often too ignorant to tell the truth Raising and Its Drawbacks—Au Inci^ about what they see, even if they can dent at Anniston—Towns. resist the temptation to tell a good story Judge Kelley has come back from his at the expense of accuracy. Here is a southern trip, full of its wonderful devel striking instance of tiie differences that opment. lie says the new south is entirely may occur in the accounts given by an different from the south of twenty years ignorant and an intelligent man of the ago. Said he: same thing: “Certain parts of the south are going Capt. Lancaster, many years ago, told ahead faster to-<lay than in any parts of I of a wonderful plant he found on the the north. The country about Birming ham and Anniston is on the boom, and l sea sands of an island in the East Indies. their appearance is that of the fast grow He said he found tlie shore covered ing western frontier town rather than the with small twigs growing up like young old villages of the south. Nashville is a trees. When he tried to pull them up magnificent city. Chattanooga has, I he was astonished to find that they think, the largest tannery in the world, shrank down to the ground, and even and is doing a great deal of manufactur sank out of sight unless he held on very ing. It ships its lumber in every direction, anil it has all the enterprise of a northern hard. In the course of time Darwin ex city. About Chattanooga the fanners are amined the wonderful products of na making a great deal in the raising of fruit, ture which Capt. Lancaster had discov and it is a curious thing that on one side ered. He found that the supposed plant of Mission ridge there are vast strawberry did not belong to the vegetable king beds which run up the side of the moun dom, but was a species of the animals tain, and over the hill are great fields of known as zoophytees or seapens, “At grapes. These strawberries are shipped low* water,” he wrote, “hundreds of zoo all over the country by the car load and phytees might be seen ejecting like stub by train loads. They are eaten in Cincin nati, Cleveland and Chicago, and, coming ble. When touched or pulled they sud as they do early in the season, they bring denly drew themselves in with force, so high prices. I cite this as an example as as to nearly or quite disappear. to how the south is investigating its re Besides the travelers who willfully or sources. Ths land will raise something ignorantly distort facts there are nut a else than corn aud cotton, and the people few who could journey around the world are beginning to find it out.” without being able to tell much worth DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY. hearing of their travels. A while ago a “How about railroad building?” man who had traveled a good deal in the “Several thousand miles of railroad western Pacific was asked to describe the were built in the south during the past Solomon islands. All he could say was year, and everywhere the railroad goes tile country develops. In the newly de that the water there was very blue; that veloped part of the south the condition of the bathing was excellent, and that he the lower class is rapidly Improving. The saw many lovely sites for villa resi laborers of Chattanooga, Birmingham, An dences. It was learned that he had long niston and the fast developing mineral been a real estate agent in Melbourne. regions of ths south live in good houses, Mr. Romilly says that a few years ago an«i they make fair wages. I estimate a traveler who was addressing an audi that one bachelor laborer is of more good ence in England, including many scienti to the storekeepers of the southern com munity than four familiea who are en fic men, solemnly assured them that the gaged in the work of raising cotton. I natives of New Britain mended broken assert this without fear of contradiction, legs by inserting a piece of tortoise shell and am able to maintain it. The south into the bone. The shell was neatly fit has been divided up into small farms and ted into a groove that was cut in the these farms are almost universally de bone, and the ends of the broken bone voted to cotton raising. Each farmer's in this manner were kept together. His product amounts to about one or two bales a year, seldom more than two and hearers never thought of questioning his often not more than one. He sells these veracity when he surprised them further bales for about »40 apiece, and these »40 by asserting that the science of dentistry constitute his annual income and support. was far advanced in New Britain. He Long lines of these poor farmers come to said the natives made beautiful market with their yearly load of cotton. teeth of mother of pearl, which they Sometimes they have two stcars attached attached to the jaw by fine threads of to a cart, sometimes a mule and a steer, and at other times a hprse. The head of sinuet. Later visitors to New Britain have failed to find any evidence of these the family drives the cart, back of him the bale of cotton, and behind in the accomplishments. One of the funniest stories that ever wagon or cart sit tha women of the gained wide circulation was that about family. “I saw hundreds of such scenes and I the bone eating trees of the Louisade arch found that the women of the family al ipelago. The story ran that during the ways come along. This was in order night the branches of these trees bent to that they might lay in their yearly sup tlie ground, and that the leaves, like plies of clothes and provisions. Thia »40 represented the entire money outlay for those of the fly-catching plants, closed the year, and tlieir entire purchasing about all bits of bone or flesh that they power for household conveniences. Heucs happened to touch. Before morning all they came along to advise their husbands traces of the bones and meat hud disap and fathers as to ths use of the money. peared, the trees having completely as A B1TTBR COLD EIGHT. similated them. The natives worshiped “One night that I spent at Anniston was them as deities, and placed offerings of bitter cold. A largo number of these small bones and flesh near them to appease planters and their families hod come in to I heir appetites. This story was doubt sell their cotton, but they had arrived too less derived from the fact that many of late for tire dealers to buy. They were too the Pacific islanders place thousands of poor to go to a hotel, and they had to sleep bones in the crotches of trees, and in the in their wagons or huddle around a firs which they kindled out doors to keep them l progress of growth many of these IMi selves warm. Some of these farmers travel oonie imbedded in the wood, like tilo twenty, thirty and forty miles to market horseshoe which has long been on ex- The roads are not good, as there is little liihition in a Nassua street window. I Intercomrannlcation among them. The The imaginative element is largely cotton trip is the big trip of the year, and, developed in most savages, and they are I doubt not, is talked of for weeks before it is undertaken. The largs landowners, i always happy to entertain their white who, in some eases, rent out small farms isitors with wonderful stories, some of to these planters, graduate their charges which are afterw’ard repeated in civil and the expenses of raising by the extent ized lands as solemn facte. There are of the crop, and, as a rule, it makes not many sailors who believe to this day much difference whether the crop amounts that there is a tribe in central New Gui to five bales or three. The poor farmer nea which is adorned with tails. Some gets enough to live upon, and this is about of the natives of the southeast coast are one bale. Now, a laborer at »1 aday will willing to swear by all their gods that make »300 a year if he works steadily, or, even in a slipshod way, he is sure to make they have seen men from the interior »120. Tills, as a rule, he spends, and this of whose anatomy tails are a natural amount is three times that of the average and highly ornamental feature. The small farmer.” *ailorn think they ought to know. Jack “How about the new towns In the Tar has also circulated that other inter south?” esting yarn frow New Guinea to the ef- “They are growing up along the differ ' feet that some of the natives bore holes ent lines of road, and they are showing all through their left hands to firo arrows the signs of modern civilization. Many of the new store buildings which are erected through them.—Atlanta Constitution. are of brick, and 1 found good churches and schools in many of them. In Anniston I Salt Formations In Nevada. noticed the children going to school. They Tlie abundance of the salt formations in seemed as well dressed as our northern little ones, and I visited a number of both Nevada in illustrated by the fact that in white and colored schools and found them Lincoln county there is a de|M»it of pure very well conducted.”—Frank G. Carpen rock salt which in exposed for a length of ter in Cleveland Leader. two miles, a width of half a mile, and in nt unknown depth; in places canons "Rnrw Bread” In Sweden. Horse bread is st • commonly made in are cut through it to a depth of sixty Sweden. It is «till commonly made and feet, and not only has the deposit been used In Tyrol, and In certain parts of traced on the surface for a distance of I Switzerland—the Engudine, for instance. nine miles, but it is so solid in places as Your driver stops at a roadside inn, and, to require bleating like rock, ami no pure before he buys anything for himself, lie and transparent that print can lie read buys for his li rse a lnrge cake of brown through blocks of it some inches thick. at bread, circular, flatfish, the size ano In Churchill county there is said to be hape of a Yorkshire yule cake. The -trong, quiet, steady liorM—or mare very a deposit of rock salt some fourteen likely—knows well what all thin means; feet in depth, free from any particle of looks on with eager eyes as he slices the foreign substance, and which can be ake into strips: mnnehen slice after slice quarried at the rate of five tons a day with keen enjoyment; and finally, per- to tlie man. Wiiat is known as the , hape, lays Ito lips upon his palm to sug- great Humboldt salt field is estimated rest the possibility of another loaf. Some I driver», indeed, themselves desirous of a to he some fifteen miles long by s x meal, are ermtent to crumble the bread wide. According to the description, | into a trough; and in that case the horse when the summer heats have evapo i will not only eat all tlie large piece«, but rated the surface water, salt to the I will with teeth and tongue take np every depth of several inches may be scraped ■ morsel and crumb that strews the floor tip, and underneath there is a stratum <‘f tha trough. Such are hi» views as to of rock salt of the purest description, 'he merits of oaten bread.—Note« and and of a depth unknown.—Nsw York ; Qu«ri«a. bun. I THE HINDOO'S “GHEE.” AN ARTICLE OF IMPORTANCE MANY PARTS OF INDIA. IN It« V»© for Ordinary Cooking rurpoaos. Said to Be the Purest Eatable Thing ou Earth—It» Offering to the Gode. Expiatory Bite«. What is ghee? How 18 ft used by'the natives of in Ha? And why is its adultera tion by cows’ or pigs’ fat so obnoxious to them? Clear answers to these question» will bring home to Englishmen tho cause ef the present sgitation about ghee iu India. Ghee is prepared by boiling fresh drawn milk iu earthen pots for an hour or more, and then adding, after it lias eooled, a little curdlod milk. Tho cur dled mass is then churned for half an hour, some hot water Is added, and tho churning continued for half an hour longer, when tho butter forms. This butter is then boiled until all tho watery particles and curds havo been thrown off by repeated skimmings. The cloar oil is poured into a vessel to cool, and the granulated mass thus formed is ghee. It is kept iu earthen pots, and sold in bau- yas shops at the rate of two pounds to three pounds for a rupee. It well made, ghee will keep good for years—losing Its flavor somewhat, but not its properties, which improve with age. In some old families you will find ghee over a hun dred years old buried under the earth iu earthen jars. Instances are known of the preservation of gliee, without taint, for 200 years, and even longer. Ghee is an article of great commercial Importance in many parts of India, being exported to all the seacoast of east ern and southern Asin to the extent of 400 to 500 tons annually. Accordiug to the statistical authorities, 1,330.433 pounds of ghee were exported from India in the year 18'9-’80. ron cooking prp.posis. All but* tlie poorest classes in India, whether Hindoos or Mohammedans, use ghee for ordinary cookiug purposes. Where t he English cook uses butter, suet or lard, the Indian uses gliee. In frying potatoes, in cooking dal, in making sweetmeat^ in preparing tasteful dishes tlie upper and middle classes always use ghee, which is also rubbed over chupat- fles, the flat flour cakes serving for bread, and poured over rice at tho time of eat ing. One of the seerr.s of the fine flavor of Indian made cKries is the use of good gliee. And neither Hindoos nor Mohammedans will touch any food that is cooked witli ghee which they believe to be adulterated by pigs’ or cows' fat. Besides its ordinary uses, ghee Is taken for medicinal purposes. Taken with hot milk it acts as a strong aperient; and from its soothing and cooling properties it is rubbed over the body by fasting people. Old ghee occupies a prominent plnco in the phnrmacopceia of the Hin doos, who consider it tlie best remedy for asthma and bronchitis, and order it to be rubbed on the chest in cases of whooping cough. Applied in a similar way, it greatly alleviates pain ill rheumatism, gout, etc. The older tlie ghee is the bet ter it Is prized, and the more quickly it acts. And for all these purposes ghee must I* absolutely free from all extrane ous matter. Ghee is believed by the Hindoos to be tho purest eatable under the sun. The widow, who is forbidden to partake of luxurious food, is allowed to take ghee with her simple bread or rice, The self, denying jogeea, sunnyasis, and other ascetics sometimes live on nothing but gliee. At weddings, funerals, and on other grand occasions, public dinners must be given, or tho offending party will be punished by excommunication from caste Most of the dishes that are served at these banquets are prepared with ghee. At many festivals aims con sisting of rice. «1.-.1 and sweetmeats are given to Brahmins, and these sweetmeat« must be cooked in gliee. The food set before the Brnhndns nt feast times mainly consists of sweetmeats, in the preparation of which gliee enters largely. At crema tions gliee is poured over the corpse aud on the funeral pyre. » aired übe or suer . But the most sacred use of ghee I» Its offering to the gods, who are supposed by the Hindoos to have a great predilection for this article. Besides the deities in the temples and shrines, to whom ghee nm<t be offered, every strict Hindoo baa got his tutelary god ut home, whom he wor ships every day. Sandal wood and tool- shee leaf are placed I m *fore the Image, and Incense Is burned before it in a little cup, the contents of which are then thrown over the Idol. This Incense is a coni pound of sandal, dlioop (another fragrant wood), ghee, camphor, and one or tw« other things. Anil then the god must hs fed with sweetmeats cooked in gliee. For the worship of nil kinds of gods the Hin doo must tine ghee, which Is also the chief thing in jogs and noma, or burned offer ings. To be reinstated in caste, which a Hindoo may have lost by briaking one or other of Its innumerable rules, he must go through some solemn expintory rites, with a free ilistribiition of money to Brah mins and otbere of course. One of them is that he mutt solemnly ent in public five articles emnected with the cow— ghee, curd, milk, and two others which ’ shall not mention. From all this it will be evident to what degree ghoe is useful and sacred to the Hindoos, and why It must be pure In all cases. To adulterate it by an admixture of the fnt of animuls which are abomlna tlons in the «yen of the Hindooeianot only to debase Ito quality and render it unfit for culinary and medicinal purposes :or fear of losing caste, which I» so pre cious to them, but also to make it loath some to the Brahmins, who must lie pro pitiated, and to the gods, who must bo worshiped, with ghee.—Hindoo letter. Were flhe a woman nt Weaint In talking to his wife the other day about the death of Mrs. A. T. Stewart, s gentleman of this city said: “What would you do if Mrs. Stewart had left you »1,000,000 in her willF The lady inused for a moment and then replied: "WelL I wouldn't make any more home made bonnets.*'—Boston Budget.