J. ' VOL. XXVII HOOD RIVER, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 191 6 i' No. 38 First National Bank New Business This is the time of year to consider and plan the cam paign in all lines of industry. The officers of this strong bank are always glad to assist in your plans and convince you of the advantages of a savings or checking account with us. A. D. MOE President E. O. BLANCHAR Cashier nll ill No. 2 Folding Autographic Brownie Camera $8 Come in and let us show this wonderful new addition to the Kodak Line Kresse Drug Co. Bank Advertisement No. 80 "The Nature of the Banking Business." By H. S. McKee (SERIES SIX) , "What public service do the banks preform? They create and furnish to the public a circulat ing credit more useful and convenient than money and several times greater in amount than the total money supply of the country. How does any particular customer obtain this credit from his bank ? By exchanging with the bank his own note for the bank's credit, in the manner de scribed. What must the customer do to entitle him to this privilege? He must establish his own credit. He must satisfy the bank that his own note is good, and otherwise do his part in strengthening and supporting this entire credit system. The very foundation of the customer's credit is knowledge by the bank that he is the kind of man who, if he gives his note or pro mise, will certainly perform it; or in other words, character, without which, of course, no credit can exist. He must next satisfy the bank that he not noly intends to, but is also able to pay; and not merely pay sometime, but pay when the note is due. This is partly accomplished either by depositing security with the bank, or giving it a correct detailed written statement of his bus iness condition, and the nature of his business operations." BUTLER BANKING COMPANY Seeds Burpee's best by test. Burbank's wonders. Our stock will Be most complete ever offered. Our prices same as you would pay the grower packets, pounds, bushel or by sack. Catalogues Leaflets, Free Automobiles Are you tired after a ride? Franklin owners rifle to rest Does your gasoline bill seem high? Franklin's average 32.08 miles to gallon. How is your oil costs? Franklin's average ever 800 miles on gallon. You think the year's re pai r high ? Franklin repair shops loose money. You cannot afford not to own a Franklin. Furniture Persistent care has-secured for us a most complete assortment of new goods at prices surprising low. This consignment includes Lino leum, Oil Cloth, Carpets, Rugs, Curtains, Shades, etc. Hardware The advancing market finds our stock so complete that we can fill your every want at saving prices. STOVES have gone up, but we will continue our standard prices a $79 home comfort range for $50. Stewart Hardware & Furniture Co. Your Credit Is Good. You may pay cash and save 5 per cent The Only Place to get Accurate Abstracts of Land in Hood River County is at the office of the Hood River Abstract Company Insurance, Conveyancing, Surety Bond Steamers "Dalles City" and "Stranger" Leave Portland 7 a. m., arrives The Dalles 6:30 p. m., Sundav, Monday, Tues day, Wednesday, Thursday (not Friday) and Saturday. Arrives up at Hood River about 4 :20 p. m. Leaves The Dalles 7 a. m., arrives Portland 6:30 p. m. Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday (not Saturday) Arrives down at Hood River about 9:20 a. m. Wednesday of each week is set aside as "Stock Yard Day" and then the Steamer Dalles City will take live stock for delivery to Portland Union Stock Yards. This service will permit the individual to ship as few animals as de sired and get benefit of low freight rates. For further Information phone 4532 R. ROBERTS. Agent, The Regular Line You can make big bills smaller by buying your shoes here. Our little profit, many sales policy, insures you a saving every time you make a purchase; you know the character of our shoes, at least by reputation. Know now that in this store high class is not accompanied by high prices. Visit will prove that you can buy more advantageously here than elsewhere. J. C. Johnsen, The Hood River Shoe Man LADIES ATTENTION! Special Introductory Sale As a means of introducing our Ladies Tailoring Department, we will make to your measure $40.00 Suits for - - - $35.00 37.50 40.00 ' 45.00 50.00 $45.00 Suits for $50.00 Suits for $55.00 Suits for . $60.00 Suits for These suits will be tailored in our own shop by skilled tailors, thereby enabling us to give you a perfect fit and satisfaction. DALE & MEYER lOS Third Street Tailors to Men Tailors to Women Rubber Stamps AT THE GLACIER OFFICE "Good Things to Eat" Van Camp's Red Kidney Beans, 2 cans Van Camp's Chili Con Carne, can ' Van Camp's Hominy, 2 cans ,. Heinz Prepared Spaghetti, 2 cans Del Monte Succatosh, 2 cans . Preferred Stock Sweet Potatoes, can . Preferred Stock Baby Beets, can Libby's Kraut, 2 cans Libby's Asparagus, can......, Gebhart's Frijoles, can -25c -10c ...25c .v35c . ..35c ... 15c 15c 25c 25c .10c Star Grocery Perigo & Son HOOD RIVER 60 YEARS AGO SON OF PIONEER WRITES STORY H. t. Coe Tells of White Man'i First Winter in Community Early Indian War Account Following the policy of presenting to the residents of the Hood River valley of today authentic sketches of early life of the community, the Glacier will reprint a series of articles written 13 years ago by H. C. Coe, son ol Nathan lei Coe, the city a first permanent resi dent. The first of the articles is given be low: Hood River has just passed the half century mark of its first settlement. The ranks of those haidy pioneers, who alone can tell the story of ita earliest settlement, are being so rapidly deci mated by the Great Destroyer that very soon the last of these forerunners of civilization shall have crossed the dark river and passed into the great un known beyond. J hose of you woo now. with wonder ing friends, as you pass from farm to farm, point with pride to the magnifi cent orchards that are scattered every where; as you pass the ateepled church es and overflowing school houses, can little appreciate the vast wilderness the utter loneliness that surrounded the pioneer setters of this lovely valley. for lovely it was, evten In its solitude. Deer, bear and elk roamed at will through the park-like forests; cougar, wolves and coyotes were in plentiful evidence; greuse and pheasants were found in abundance, while the streams were filled with trout and. the river ith salmon. Nature was indeed lavish in her animal and plant life that could be used by the pioneer for himelf and his herds. But when winter canfe with its dreary snows and storms and he was unable, work however hard he may, to provide sufficient sustenance to proper ly care for his dumb beasts, then anxi ety hovered over the pioneer's home ; he eagerly watched the sunset skies for the first signs of the coming west wind that meant warmth and strength to his tarnished stock. Summer came at last: his herds be came sleek and round as they fed upon the nutritious grasses, and all nature seemed to smile upon him. But anon distant rumors chilled bis blood. They came nearer and nearer, until an Indian war in all its horrors was upon him. The sickening, monotonous beating of the war drum, the yells of the infuri ated savages, the blazing walls of his neighbor's home all these have been the expenene of the early pioneers of Hood Kiver. 1 am under many obligations to Mrs. Elaabeth Lord, daughter of Judge Will iam C. Laughlin, the poneer settler oi Hood River, for a very graphic and thrilling account of their awful win ter's experience "n our valley. You who. these winter evenings, sit by your comfortable fireside, the room flooded with electric light, let your thoughts wander back to the horrors of that dreadul winter just half a century ago. imagine if you can the little log cabin almost buried in snow, surrounded by hundreds of starving cattle; the desper ate fight for life itself, the sickness, hunger and cold within, and then tell me if you can the Quality and number of joys Jtbat paradise should hold to re quite the pioneer, even in part, for the privation he has undergone. " First Winter Recorded By Mrs. Elizabeth Laughlin Lord Hood River was first settled by Will iam Catesby Laughlin and his wife, Mary Laughlin. Both of them were born in Kentucky. They moved to Illi nois in 1832; were marriedand moved to Missouri in 1840, They crossed the plains to Oregon in 1850, lived in The Dalles two years and moved to Hood River in the fall of 1852. Having accumulated quite a number of cattle and horses by trading with the Indians and immigrants, Mr. Laughlin decided to locate on a good range and make a home for himself and family. Dr. Farnwsorth, an old friend and fam family physician, having arrived from Missouri early in the season, they con cluded to settle at Hood River, then called Dog river. Mr. Laughiln had looked the country over and thought u the loveliest spot on earth. However, they delayed moving down until the immigration was all in, when they toon all the stock they could get to winter for a stated price per head. Mr. Laughlin bad about 100 bead of horses and the same number of cattle of his own, and about zoo head oi cattle to herd for others. Dr. farnsworth bad about 100 altogether. Some time in October they engaged a flat boat to take the families and sup plies down the river, the doctor going down with them. Mr. Laughlin, with two hired men and the doctor's 16-year- old son, drove the stock over the trail. The boat made the run down and land ed where the ferry landing now is, in one day, while the stock took two days to make the trip. Alter driving tne stock across Dog river, Mr. Laughlin and his men joined the families in camp, and the next day crossed the river by fording with ox teams. Mr. Laughlin landed on the Coe place and built a small log cabin, uwing to the latenesa of the season and the seri ous illness of bis eldest son, James, wbo had typhoid fever, be hastened to get a shelter over his family. Dr. Farnsworth took more time and built a better and larger cabin on the place afterwards known as the Jenkins place, Everything now seemed propitious to the making of happy and permanent homes. But a short time elapsed until a verv heavy snow fell. I have no date, but know it was in November, and much of the snow remained on the ground until March. The cabin was in the edse of a beautiful grove of medi um aiied fir trees, and all of the cattle from far and near made their way to that srove. There were several men down near Mitchells Point herding over 500 bead of cattle, and they all came no to the Laughlin cabin. No one wbo has not witnessed aucb a condition can imagine what it was like, They came i the night, and all crowd ed around our poor litte cabin, bellow Ms and horning each other, until it eemed aa if pandemonium bad broken loose. On looking out there appeared a aea of beads and horns as far as the eve could reach, Tbey broke in the door several times. The family waa terrined. as it aeemed aa if tbe walls would give way. ' Mr. Laughlin fought them away until morning, when he tried to drive them off, but tbey were all gentle animala land came to the grove for ahelter. Our own cows came to us for protection and all the rest followed. Mr. Laughlin felled.trees to make a large enclosure to keep them away. When tbe storm abated be sent an Indian with a message to those men to come and take their stock away. But the men abandoned, tbe .stock and went to their bomea at the Cascades. The cattle atayed in that grove until every one died. All of Dr. Farns worth a and all of Mr. Laughlin a but 14 bead also died. At that time there was quite a deep ravine running from just below tbe spring down through the grove. By spring that ravine was full of dead cattle. After Christmas Dr. Farnsworth be came discouraged, so be and Mr. Laughlin felled a large fir tree, dug and burned and hewed out a very large canoe, in which he loaded everything he bad and drifted away from Hood Kiver forever. This left Mr. Laughlin's family very forlorn. Tbey had a winter of struggles and hardships. With tbe help of Indi ans whom be hired he felled trees to make corrala to aeparate the weaker cattle and try to save some if possible, hoping irom day to day lor a Chinook wind. Finally flour gave out. Then he hired Indiana to go to the Cascades to buy some. They were gone for a long time and returned with shorts, and demanded half of that, of which they brought but little. Very soon this, too, was gone. Then Mr. Laugh lin dug out a small canoe for himself and went up to The Dalles for sup plies. While there be made arrange ments with Major Alvord to lease land for a farm on the government reserva tion (the aame land which he after wards held as a donation claim). As soon aa the snow had gone oft he gath ered what horsea were left and hired the Indians from White Salmon, who had five canoes, to take the family up the Columbia to Ihe Dalles, while he and his son, James, drove the pitiful handful oi stock back over those hills where so few months before tbey bad driven such a large herd. Early in the spring of 1854 a family excursion party consisting of N. Coe and wife and the writer, then a boy of nine years, left Portland, Ore., for a trip to Fort Dalles, at that time head of navigation on the Columbia river. Uur first day a ride was on the little side wheel steamer Fashion, VanBerang master, the James f. Mint was the pioneer boat on the middle Columbia, but trade seemed better on the lower river, so she was taken over tbe Cas cades the year before and renamed fashion. An all day's trip brought us to the lower Cascades, where we were very hospitably entertained at the home of B. B. Bishop, brotber-in-law to the Bradfords, then in the transportation business at the Cascades. Tbe portage of Bix miles was a rather complicated process. Freight for trans portation was first loaded in schooners, which, when the wind blew sutticiently strong, were driven to the landing then knomn aa the -middle blockhouse, but imw called Sheridan's Point, where tbey were unloaded onto a tramcar that came around Sheridan's Point, and was hauled up by a windlass run by a very patient and intelligent mule. When the car reached the summit of the incline the mule was unhitched from the windless, attached to the car and started for the upper Cascades alone over a wooden tramway, with a couple of boards in the middle of the track for tbe "engine " to walk on. Arriving at his destination, the mule was unhitched, turned around and coupled onto an empty flat car and started on his return trip. A pole was lashed to his side and then to the car. This acted aa a kind of automatic brake to keep the car from running over tbe engine. I his arrangement worked well for a while, and saved the services of a conductor, but tbe mule got onto his job, and when well out of sight would atop to get up more steam and incidentally to take good long naps, thereby seriously interferon with the transportation business. Eventually a fireman had to be added to the list of train hands. At the upper Cascades the Bradfords had just completed a small schooner of about 40 tons burden, which was mak ing trips to Fort Dalles when the winds were favorable. At this point stood Bradford'a store.where two years afterward a handful of brave, fearless men for three davs held at bay hordes of Indians, in what is known as the Cascade massacre. We boarded the schooner and with a fine breeze blowing we made geod progress and about noon reached Hood River, then known as Dog River. We were all very imucb pleasedwith the general aspect of the country and my father determined to return at bis earliest convenience and examine tbe lands with a view of locating if satis factory. We reached our destination that evening at Fort Dalles, which then consisted of a government post located about half a mile south of the few scattering houses on the river, where now stands the city of Tbe Dalles. We remained over a day at this place, which bad at that time but few attrac tions. The only steam vessel then on the middle'Columbia was the little propel ler Allen, Captain Tom Gladwell, that was cspable of carrying few passen gers and little freight. She only made a few trips, however, when she was wrecked or cast away, and her old iron hull may still be seen at any low water a short distance above Mitchells Point on the Edgar Locke farm. As the schooner that we came up on would not be ready to return for some days, and a down river trip was likely to be a tedius one, we determined to take passage on tbe Allen, which was to start tbe next morning. Tbe trip down the river was a rough one, and after an all day battle witb tbe winds and waves we reached White Salmon, then tbe only settlement be tween Fort Dalles and Cascades. The sole white resident here waa E. S. Joe lyn, who witb bia wife had located there, if my memory serves me right, the year previous. It waa determined to remain bere over night, and as there wss no accommodation on the boat not even a cold handout Mr. Joalyn, wbo waa at the landing, very cordially invited all bands to bia home, which in vitation it is needless to say waa gladly accepted. It ia remarkable Ciow man's per sonality ia reflected in everything that surrounds him, and the welcome ex. tended to tbe hungry and tired passen. geri and crew of tbe Allgi by Mr. Jos, HIGH WATER IS PREDICTED BIG SNOWS WILL BOOM COLUMBIA Record of 1895 May Be Reached When Warmth of Springtime Brings Down Mountain Frecipitation . River men are now predicting that the Columbia will reach a record high water mark thia spring, when the deep snows of the mountains and headwat ers of the river begin to melt. The river raised steadily all lust week. From Monday till Thursday night the stream raised about three feet. Thurs day night the phenomenal raise of eight feet was recorded, tbe heavy, sudden flood caused presumably from the breaking of ice jams. Friday night, the wind shifting to the east, and the temperature dropping to 18 degrees above zero, the thaw waa stopped tem porarily, and the river fell a foot Fri day night and Saturday. 1 he thaw was slow at all times here last week. Local streams did not ex ceed the usual winter flood stage. Sev eral heavy rains were held by the snow. aad the water did not reach streams as fuickly as if the earth had been bare, he only damage reported happened when a miniature lake, formed by snow water impounded on the flat top of the east side gorge of Hood river, flooded the switchback section of the Mount Hood Railway Company's line, washing1 out a portion of the track. Since Saturday the Columbia baa fallen about four feet. Hut still the stream is higher than ever before even here at this season of the year. "Extreme floods in the late spring," says Roy Roberts, "all depend on how the thaw strikes the headwaters of the Snake and Columbia. If it strikes both at the same time, we will have higher water than in 1894, when the river was about 34 feet higher than at the present time. The Columbia is now free from ice. After a two weeks' tie-up ferry boats began operating the latter part of last week. Bert Kent is landing at the point north of the passenger depot. He usually lands here not earlier than May. Floods on local tributary streams of the Columbia have caused no great damage. The worBt sufferer has been the Mount Hood Rsilway Co. A bridge above Dee has been taken out, and the switchback washout has caused delays. it has been panned to secure a pile drver from the O.-W. R. & N. Co. to bridge this washout. However, it was learned Tuesday that this could not be effeced, and work was begun at once at Dee to construct a pile driver. It now seems improbable that the line will be opened before the first of next week. However, even -if this washout did not exist it would be impossible for the road to operate on account of Blides. One morning this week it required three hours for an engine of the com pany to teach the switchback. It waa necessary for a crew to accompany tho locomotive and dig a way through by band. The company is making every effort to get its track open and relieve tbe isolation of the Upper Valley people. TOTAL SNOW FALL WAS 119.75 INCHES Data supplied by E.W. Birge, a West Side orchardist and United States co operative weather observer, shows that the precipitation here from January 1 of this year to last Thursday, 9.07 inches, lacked less than an inch of be ing as much as that of last year from January 1 to November 1. The rainfall for the first half of last year, however, was below normal. Tbe total snowfall for the current winter, according to Mr. Birge's rec ord, has been 119f inches, of which all but 17 inches have fallen since January 1. The normal annual rainfall for the Hood River valley is 23 inches. Ihe snow has been melting so slowly that banks Ave feet deep still remain heaped on the city's streets. No strong chineok winds have prevailed, and the streams have not assumed any flood stage. The water' is soaking into tbe earth, and an unprecedented amount of moisture will be stored for the produc tion of predicted bumper crops in all lines throughout the valley. DAMAGE TO ORCHARDS WILL BE SMALL So slowly has tbe deep snow melted during tbe past week that damage to orchards, according to.'reports from all districts, will be comparatively light. Grave fears existed among growers Sunday night a week ago, when rain formed an ice crust a half inch thick on the surface of the snow blanket; for this heavy cruBt, if a sudden thaw had followed, would not only have stripped young trees, but would have taken many limbs off five and six year old orchards. This crust, however, was melted before the snow began to settle, and damage caused was negligible. Growers have reported the breaking of young trees by shifting snow on hillsides and tracts of young trees in the Upper Valley will be made to look very raggedy for several years because of stripped branches. In older orch ards the damage will be no greater than that of a normal winter. Prominent Railway Officials Visit The following prominent officials of the Harriman system, were bere Mon day on a tour of inspection: W. Averill Harriman, vice president of the Harriman system ; J. D. Farrell, pres ident of the O.-W. R. & N. Co.. and E. E. Adams, consulting engineer of the Union Pacific system. They were aboard a special train bound Wr Ogden. Tbe party was presented by tbe local office of the O.-W. R. & N. Co. with a box of extra fancy Red Cheek Pippins. Mr. Harriman waa accompanied by bia wife. lyn and his estimable wife seemed to extend down to even the old watch dog. whose business it waa during the night to post the moon on tbe eventa of the preceding day. The morning proved pleasant and the reat of the trip waa uneventful.