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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 4, 1906)
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n ra, v-'FRANK A. CRAiiThe Leading Clothier
o era o d . 1 , 1 , : ) es
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January UNDERMUSLIN vSALE
Gowns, Chemese, Skirts,
Drawers, Corset Covers
. A splendid array of clean,
well-made, neatly trimmed,
sanitary garments, at
Our immense stock of
Men's and Boys' Suits, Overcoats
offered at actual COSt.
Wo need the money, and this
is a golden opportunity to buy Cloth
L ( nrndefr,I
fv-wrtirhted. loos Klncaid I
BRIEF LOCAL MATTERS.
Money to loan. E. H. Hartwig.
Mr. Bartmess is oh a cash basis.
choes at manufacturer'! cost, Knapp.
Do you use Naptha soap? 6c per bar
Freeh Olyuiula and Eastern oysters at
the Gem Candy Kitchen.
See that dandy line of Folders at the
Shingles. See us for best prices,
Oregon Lumber Co.
If you want something that will be
unique, we have Japanexe ware. It
can't he duplicated and yet is service
able. At Claike's, the jeweler.
Sidewalk lumber. Delivery same
day order is received. Oregon Lumber
Do you use Lath? Get our price and
compare it with that of competitors.
You will make money this way. Ore
gon Lumber Co.
Closing out all but millinery, Knapp.
All the latest styles Photos at the
There is nothing, perhaps, that a wo
man admires so much as a diamond
ring. If you .want to make yourself
solid with your beat girl or your wife, it
is always a winner. Clarke, the jeweler.
Patronize home industry by buying
ranch butter at McDonald s.
The Gem Candy Kitchen makes fresh
candv every day.
PuU'eri.ed Moccaand Java oiled
Go lo Mr. Onthank for abstracts and
n"tniial work, renting and collecting.
Pension papers pxecu ed and legal pa
pers carefully drawn. Money to loan
on fir t mor'guges.
Men's hut- and shirts at wholesale
price at Knupp'u.
It is to your interest to refer to Mr.
Hurt mess' ad under the new system.
Rubber lioots half soled, while you
wait in 20 minutes. Guaranteed not to
leak. At Don an's Shoe shop. Oppo
site William's Pharmacy.
Don't go through life without a clock
or a Match lo record the fleeting hours.
Time is money Most anything might
happen to you bv guessing at the time.
Get a time pbee or clock at Clarke's,
In order that their patrons may take
advantage of the discount allowed on
hills paid before the tenth of the month,
the Water and Light Co. has arranged
to keep their office in the Davidson
building open till 8:30 p. m. the first,
ninth, tenth and every Saturday even
ing of each month.
Ettra fine pig pork sausage at Mc
What looks more handsome on the
sideboard than some nice silverware?
Nothing. Mother or futher would ap
preciate thin, and in fact we don't think
ant-one would ohject to ha ing it. At
Clarke's, I lie jeweler.
Use Williams' anti-septic hair tonic
and keep off gray hairs.
The party who reuted my orchard
having taken sick and is not able to
work, the place is open to another
rent r. Will give two-thirds of apples
rai.eil if I get a renter who ill attend
to the orchard as be agrees to do. 1
want a man to begiu work immediate
ly. W. L Adams, Paradise Farm.
Clarke still has a few good watches
aii'l diain Is whore prices donlt need
lowering -ince Christmas for they have
never been raised from rock bottom
Dressed chickens lor Sunday dinner
at McGuire Bros.
Madam Kronn, Pal mint and Phren
ologist, is at thr Thompson house.
Tells you yn' past, present and fu'ure
and every thieg vi.u you want to know.
Read tigs' 50c for a few days only.
Pure leaf lard home made, at Mc
Guire If i oa.
Begin the new year Jy getting your
self some of Clarke's china.
Say, just try a roast put up by Alcorn.
You will be sure of a perfect cure for
all watch diseases if they have been to
Clarke's watch hospital for treatment.
Everything up-to-date at Alcorn's.
Father time has left some good time
pieces at Clarke's. Begin the new year
with a clock that keeps perfect time.
Alcorn's meat market is now located
in the old Wood & Smith building.
There are a few pretty bracelets at
Clarke's that would make good gifts for
people who are a trifle late deciding
what to get.
Don't forget that Clarke's cut gltss
excels any in town. Come and see.
Try our Cascade butter. Every roll
guaranteed. Alcorn's market.
Watch Clarke's watches go.
Cudahy's Kex brand hams 15c per lb.
at Mc. Guire Bros.
Any one needing anything in the line
of footwear would do well to call on W.
8. Gribble of Mount Hourf.
Don't forget Alcorn's phone number
Shoes half soled while yon wait in
20 minute-. All woik tirst-class and
guaranteed. Ladies' sewed poles and
0. Sullivan's rnhlier heels a specialty.
Donovan's Shoe Shop, opposite Wil
Step in and see Alcorn in l(is new location.
A five room house, and lot 80xHO
can be secured on the hill for $1,100 if
taken soon. Terms reasonable. See
J. L. Henderson
Notice is herein given to the stock
holders of The Water Supply Company
of Hood River Valley that the annual
meeting lor tt.e election oi directors tor
the easting yi r, Ami any other business
thai may mine up tiefora it, will he held
at the olh'i' ot Judge rrather, Siturdav
Jan. ti, IW06, at 2 p. m
K. O. HIKRRIEB, Prest
F.G. CHURCH, Sec'y.
1 am carrying more accounts on my
books thau 1 can a (lord aud earnestly
request all perpons owing me to call
and settle as promptly as possible.
Adveitied Let'er List.
For week ending Jan. 1 :
Mrs. May Brooks 2, Oil In M. Love
less, Archie Badger, Lewis Beach,
Prof. J. M. Conklin, Thos. Day, Mr.
O. Fike, George Freeman, Walter
Gribble, Mayuard Humphrey, R. E.
Jewel Harry Lo- y, D. E. Martin,
MoGornin, Ida C. Nevin, Fied Peugh,
Geo. W. Steinbeuer, Henry Taylor,
G. H. Thomas, J. H. Tdmton, Harry
A. Weaver, Harry Zerka.
W. M. Yates, P. M.
Spoiled Her Beaut).
Harriet Howard, of 209 W. 34th St.,
New York, at one time had her lieanty
spoiled with skin trouble. he writes:
' hud Salt Rheum or Kczema for tears,
hut nothing would cure it, until t ti cl
Backlen'a Arnica halve. A quick and
Mre heater for cuts, burnt, and sores."
25c at C. N. Clark's drug store.
ltaT tt School Report.
Report of Barrett school for month
ending Deceit; ber 23, 11X15:
Number of days taught, 19; number
days attendance, 2013; number days
ab ence, 135; times tardy, IT; percen
tage of attendance,' 95.01 ; percentage
punctuality, u9.,; enrolled term, liO;
enrolled mouth, 159; aver.ige daily at
C. D. Thompson, Prin.
Roswell Shelley was a passenger on
train 6 for The Dulles Tuesday even
ing. City Engineer Henderson, went to
Portland last Friday, and Saturday
was operated n at St. Vincent's
Hospital. Mr. Henderson is getting
along nicely and expects to be borne
by Saturday of tbia week.
A. A. Jayne went to Portland Sun
Dr. Brosius went to Portland Thurs
Ralph Reed went to Portland Satur
day to spend New Year's.
D. L. Davidson made a business
trip to The Dalles Thursday.
Miss Martha Bowermau spent the
holidays with ber parents at Salem.
Mrs. W. S. Gribble of Mount Hood
was a visitor at The Dalles Thursday.
The amount paid on the sewer as
sessment so far amounts to about $4,-600.
Mrs. C. W. Wing and daughter, Iva,
have been visitiug relatives here for
the past lew days.
Mrs. Gee of Portlandlspent New
Year's at the home of her brother,
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph May, former
residents of this city, are visiting
relatives aud friends here.
Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Dyke, wife and
daughter of Portland recently visited
at the home of A. D. Moe.
Commencing January 1, the diners
were taken off trains 4 and 5 and
buffet servioe put on No. 4.
Mrs. Donald Maokay of Pcr.lund ar
rived in town Thursday, and is at
the family borne at Fraukton.
Oscar Beck, who bad teen visiting
here for several days, returned to his
home at The Dalles Saturday.
Perry E. Wells and Nellie V. Clark
of this city were granted a marriage
license at The Dalles Saturday.
II. Peugh, while carrying wood from
his woodshed, bad U. n.iafortuue to
fall and fracture cue ot bis ribs.
Mr. and Ails. Chus. Dano returned
from Porli i.d i'liday, where they
had been t lriluig tor a day or two.
H. M. Abl oil v-vul to Portland Fri
day to vi ,i liis daughter who was io
ceutly niurritii and .veut there to live.
J. Edw.ud Miiii iy and 0. Edward
Munav i,i lJoi i j u,u were the guests of
H. W. Jo, iiu i.l L..e Mt. Hood Sunday.
Miss Ntltit- ietigh went to Wasco
latbweik i tun visit relatives at
that ila'u mil .tloro before return
ing. K. P. Orr, lio has beeu at Condon
for some tiu.e working on a building
con ti act, returned to this city for the
Sbeilf Sexton made a trip to this
city Fri :ay. It is said that he was
here looking into some violations of
the game laws.
Misses Socio ana Marie Moore ar
rived in town from The Dalles Satur
day afternoon and have been spend
ing a tew days here.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Clough, who
recently sold their ranch, expect to
lea. town boon, but have not aa yet
decided where to locate.
lii ip. i o Hazel Allen and Lela Kelsay
lull towu this week for Corvallis,
whure they will enter tba young la
di s' pcbuol at that place.
Mr. and Mra. H. L. Voree, who
lut Christmas at the nome of Frank
Cram, went from here to Baker City
Friday, where they witl remain a few
B. Van Horn, who has been here
for a few days looking after bis inter
ests in the fruit busiu ss, returned to
his home at Burt, New York state
There is a box of Yakima Spitzen
bergs at the office ot the Fruit Grow
ers' Union. Any one iuteieeted in
examining them can do so by calling
at the office.
Mrs. S. F. Blytbe left last week for
Lewiston, where me spent toe holi
days with ber son, E.N. Blytbe Mrs.
E. N. Blythe and her son accompa
nied Mrs. S. F. and have gone to Lew
iston to remain.
Esther Husbands is now recovering
from a critioal attack of pneumonia
In the Cottage Hospital.
GET IN THE HABIT
OF TRADING AT
THF BIG STORE
WITH LITTLE PRICES
Gloves You'd be surprised
at the many we sell. The reason
is g Hid aides. If you want
gloves that will wear, for warmth,
working or driving, we've not
th-iii at Little Prices.
Leggings For little tots in
leal her, corduroy and Jersey.
Boys' and men's oiivass and
fleece lined, water jiniof legging,
all -iwH at Little Prices.
Stationery Now is jour
leis re time for answering all
those letters you owe All the
latest style paper and envelopes
in boxes. Tablets of every des
cription. A large stock to select
from. Little Prices.
Card Party Supplies
Oregon souvenir cards, special
whist cards, fancy hack cards,
miniature cards, score card, very
pretty ty cs, earn puncnet, pro-
wram ieneii. cm oens, sieciai
fauev article for prses
Wash Day Necessities
Cedar ami galvanized tubs,
wringers, whh'i hoards, spring
and fiiiiinioii clothes pins wire
and cotton d -the- lines, clothes
racks, sad irons, etc
Brushes For every use
scrub, floor, dust, paint, -talle,
whitewa-h, i-hoe, clothe, hair,
tooth, hath window, sink, lainp
chim no . vegetable, pot scrubs,
feather dusters. Little Prices.
Lanterns The very best
style made with swing-out globe;
no trouble to light; don't coat any
more than the. others. It will
pay to see them All sty lex
Butter Making Uten
sils Hume and barrel churns,
mil U cra'ks, pails, butter ladles,
milk pans, milk cans, tiowls, pa
per, h i'ter ladles, milk strainers,
etc. Little Prices.
Bed Comforts Thick,
fleecy, c -ttoii tilled, pretty sateen
covers, l-ght in weight hut warm;
full huge Pize. Nothing pkimpy
ahout tlciii. 01.98
Underwear You've seen
the "Oneita" conitiination suits
advertied in all the leading mag
azines. They are just as good as.
they -ay they are. Come and see
for jourself. All ! for ladies.
' (LOO per suit.
Basket Socials are In or
der now. We've got everything
vou need to fix up a pretty bas
ket. Small chip baskets, crepe
paper, morning glory paper, tin
sel, glitter, diamond dust, paste,
fancy napkins, wooden pistes, etc.
BlanK Books This is the
time of year to oj?n up a new set
I-dg'rs. journals, cash hooka,
roco-da, il n liks,etc : flatnaii
ing, Kus-in hound 'd cmvasa
covers. I.i.tiu Prices.
Master Frauoey Vauthiers of Mount
Hood ia seriously 111.
Holy Communion will be celebrated
at U a. ni. next Sunday at St Mark's
Misses Genevieve Fish and Mildred
Cooper returned from The Dalles Fri
day, where they have been speuding
the holidays, and went to their home
at Moujt Hood.
Mrs. A. L. Parker, formerly of this
city, was recently manied in Port
land to Wm. Kerron. Mra. Parker
is well known in Hood River, whore
she baa many friends.
Roy Dean, who has been employed
by the Davidson Fruit company dur
ing the apple snipping season, nas
taken a position with the Pacitlo
States Telephone company.
Jas. T. Weart, who has been spend
ing the holidays here, expects to soon
leave for another visit to California,
where be aa been spending much of
his time lately making a study of the
Rev. and Mra. A. J. Adams of
Moro, who were here for Christmas
visiting their daughter, Mrs. J. E.
Nichols, returned to their home Fri
day. Mr. Niohol's sister of Milton
has also been spending the holidays
G. E. Williams and E. O. Blaucbar
have decided to go on the excursion of
the Oregon Development League
which leaves Portland at midnight,
Jan. 13th. They will visit lower Cal
ifornia, where Mr. Williams expects
to remain for some time. ,
Mrs. Malaer, who was recently taken
to a hospital at Portland for treat
ment for spine difficulty, Is so far im
proved that she is able lo stand with
the aid of something to support her.
Mi. .Mil or spent the holidays visit
Mr. n nd Mrs. E. E. GofT entertained
nt a U of O. dinner. Tuesday evening.
Covers wrie laid for eight. The guests
were Miss Ninon Oakea and Messrs.
Louis Henderson. Ivan Oakes and Os
car Heck. Miss Irene uon ana miss
Mr. and Mrs. T E. Hughes, the hit
ter lately Miss Sybil Allen, speut
New 1 ear's at the borne of Mrs.
Hughes' parents. Mr. and Mrs. E, E,
All u. The latter are preparing to
leave town for Kosenurg. Wben they
go Mr. and Mrs. Hughes will go to
The Dalles, wbere they will make tneir
Mr. and Mrs. W. II. Staats of Dufur
spout the holidays with Mr. and Mia.
Cbas. N. Clarke. Mrs. Staats is Mrs.
Clarke's mother. Mr. Staats is a well
known wheat rancher in Wasco coun
ty, and bia name has been promt
nentlv mentioned for the office of
Ira M. Alcorn, proprietor of the
City Market, baa moved into the
building lately vacated by Wood &,
Smith Bros. Mr. Aloorn has had the
place refitted and will have larger
Quarters than be formerly occupied
The change was made necessary by
bis increasing business.
The teaobers who were on their hol
iday vacations have all returned and
the schools were opened Tuesday
morLiug with full class rooms. Some
ohauges were made necessary, promo
tion of pupils front one grade to an
other and it will be a day or two be
fore school life assumes its systemat
Rev. Mr. Chambers of Portland
came up from that city last week to
visit the Kev. JK. 11. Barnes, wbo nas
been dangerously sick with pneumo
nia. Mr. Barnes ia now much better
and is able to alt up and receive his
fi lends. Miss Perkins, wbo is an old
friend of Mr. and Mra. Barnes, Is at
present relieving Mrs. Barnes of some
of the cares of tbe sick room
Miss Hazel Allen and Miss Lela
Kelsay were given a farewell party by
the students of the high school and
others at the Odd Fellows hall, New
Years evening. The party was given
under tbe auspices ot Prof, and Mrs.
Wiley and Mrs. Gove. Ihe young
people spent a pleasant evening play
ing games and conversing. Arter
which a lunch was served and the
party wished tbier late school friends
Dr. E. T. Cams will close his den
tal office, Saturday, January 6. He
has been turning away work for the
hist two weeks and working finishing
np what work was on band. The Dr.
don't feel able to continue this win
ter at the rate be has been working all
summer and as it takes him longer to
get bis breath than most 'people, he
will close his office to take a bream
ing spelL He cau be found at home,
however, by those wishing to pay
Mayor Blowera recently aold to tbe
water company a plot of ground west
of his property on tbe bill 90x280 feet
and also the west half of lot 1 in tbe
same block. Tbis gives the water
company the land lying south of tbe
spring and will pioteot it from becom
ing contaminated by any one Dunning
on it. Mr. Blowers took other land
in part payment for his property.
Tbe Royal Nelghbois held a very
enjoyable dance New Years' evening.
The floor waa well Oiled with dancers
and to tbe strains of good music tbey
wniled away several very pleasant
hours. A buffet lunch of coffee and
sandwiches-- waa at band and those
wbo felt tbe need of refreshments were
served. An interesting event of tbe
evening was tbe drawing for a quilt
that waa unique in the fact that each
one wbo took s chance on it had his
or her name worked in silk on tbe
cover, the Dame being repeated as
many times aa chances were taken.
Tbe quilt waa won by Ed Mayes with
(Continued from ihiko
to say that spraying aa i hnvu outlined
it will give and baa given lis practi
cally oleau apples with Icsh than two
per cent of worms.
Thinning is not easy to explain and
a great deal more difficult to do intel
ligently. To got prices you must
have size, and to get size you must
thin. Do it aud do it with u linn
nerve aud an irou will. A good
geueral rule ia that no two upples
should touch; in fact, no two should
be closer than from four to six inches
In gathering and handling our ap
ples we treat them aa we would eggs,
not because they will break, but he
cause a hruiHed apple is about as val
ueless as a broken egg. lu packing
we do not follow th time honored
farmer custom of stove-piping, but
the goldeu rule. We aim to pack just
such fruit as we would lm satislled to
buy if we were purchasers and paid a
fanoy price. Our packing is not done
by tbe farmer lumsell, but try expert
packers in the employ of th Union
and under the supervision of tin in
spector. Here is whore wo comi h te
our grand success ny culling out, nil
apples that may either accidentally or
purposely have linen placed on the
packing tamo. 1'JhcU apple la wrapped,
layer paper placed lietweou the layers
and tbe box lined. Wo put up a Rood,
houest pack of fancy fruit, and so .'on
tldeut is our belief in our sytleni that,
when ocoaBion demanded it, imr tionid
of directors issued a swim statement
aud backed up the affidavit as to the
pack by otteriug the pack m evidence;
and 1 am proud to nay that the ,ew
York papers commented edito ially
and voluntarily by saying "Tho fancy
prices being paid for Hood Kivor ap
pies is conclusive evidence that the
paok and quality is nil that could lie
We pay particular attention to the.
following details: We pick carefully,
pack in good light, use miitalil pack
ing tables, oleau boxes, port tarofuHy,
wipe well, stencil the boxes neatly
with variety, tier, the grower's puck
er's and inspector's number, enabling
us to locate any defect, load on the
sides, aud haul in apriug wagons with
covers to keep oil' dust or rain.
lu conclusion, juat a low words
ahout marketing, We iiim to aell f.
o. b. We believe a grower makes
more money by selling early than by
holding anil speculating. When it is
necessary to reach certain cities with
perlahable fruit, such as st raw berries,
and the f. o. I), sale cannot be mudo,
we select a good commission iiiiin. 1
do not mean all are not good, but by
"good" 1 mean u reliable firm, one
that has capital, a good luc.nl ion, is
well equipped, has a good trade and
popularity. The better the standing
of tbe firm in each of our require
ments tbe lees apt it is to "do us. "
We select onn si ;; l:nii id i ,ty and
aiiniil ualf mm i . . il .1..1 4
1 will sum 110 till these ran. ..:,. I r
you briefly, i.: ,'ollows:
1st. We bme ascertained l 'e varie
ties which uttalii tho highest diyroi)
of perfection in the soil end climate
of Hood River, variety i tin t m o in
demand and sul for fau.y pricn.j, and
grow tbem exclusively.
2nd. We suite to grow i tie so vane-
ties to a degree of perfection that
cannot be equalled. With this object
In view, we are tireless in our energy,
nsinstaking in every dchiil, and thor
ough in cultivation, pruning, spraying
3rd. We carefully grade our Unit
and put up not only u fancy puck,
but a pack that is honest, as good on
tbe bottom us it ia in the mhSdlo mid
aa good in tbe middle n it M on top
one tbat will sell on its ii.oritd.
4th. Our forefathers handed down
to us the expression, "In union there
Is strength," and the wisdom con
tained therein. Our great and glor
ious America was founded on this
principle and built tin by" energy,
ability aud honesty, mid so lloi.d
River with its Union, integrity,
brains and industry, has created fur
certain amount of poison, tbe insects
which infest or teed upon this rruit
or foliage may be destroyed.
C ertain fungus growth, a lower torn)
of plant life, which produces blemish
or distortion ot trult, oy wnat is
known us scab, may be rendered
harmless by tbe application of certain
Humanity, almost the won I over,
wants fruit; good clean fruit. It
shoul 1 be the ambition of every fruit
grower to produce only this kind. It
is important, then, flrst, tbat be
should know what to spray with;
next, that he know the moat eitective
means of applying It to the tree; also
the time aud frequenoy of its applica
tion. Acting intelligently upon all
these points, by the means of thor
ough w:rk, lie may reasonably expect
One application ot winter spray
will give fairly good results, but two
applications will give better results;
for tlie reason that it is a dillloult
mutter, notwithstanding tbat thi tree
is bare of its foliage when the spray
is applied, to reach every part of the
suriace. lu s me localities toe nun
Jose scale is one of the greatest ene
mies to fruit growing, as it spreads
so rapidly from one part of the orchard
to another, or oven from forest shrubs
to orchard trees. It has been found
quite dillloult for Individual growers
to make a perfectly uniform mixture
of tbe lime, sulphur and salt spray,
or rather of tbe lime and sulphur
spray, the salt now being regarded as
superlluous. A new preparation is,
hoaevor. now otfered on the markot.
nt tho lime aud sulphur spray; this
has been tested, and is highly reo
comended by growers and those in
cbarue ot experiment stations in the
M iuMikwimd imllov utat.OH. It ia nut
up ill 4H gallon barrels, aud is said to
be entirely tree lrom sediment,or any'
thing tending to clog the spraying
One ol tbe principal advantages of
this spray is, that it can be put on
cold: having been throughly com-
iiounded. it does not require iurttier
henting or boiling, but is ready to
add to tbe water lu the proportion
of one gallon to fifteen; one hairel
thus making something over 700 gal
ions of siirav. It U known as the
"Kex Winter Spray of Lime and Sul
The time for spraying with the beat
effect, for fungus, which causes scab
on apples, is in the autumn just after
tho leaves have fallen from tbe trees,
in order to destroy the spores, or very
in in ute seeds ot the fungus plant
which have lodged upon the bark and
limbs of the tree. All these spores or
seeds uot destroyed, lie dormant dur
ing tho winter, just as do the seeds of
other plants, until stimulated to re
production by the warmth of spring;
bonce it is necessary or important to
i-pray again just before the buds open.
This spray, known as the Bordeaux
M'xtuie, is composed of lime and sul
1 into of copper (blue vitriol 1. Some
of these littlu spores, still having es
caped destruction, like other seeds,
begin to grow, which necessitates one,
ami perhaps, two more applications of
this Bordeaux Mixture, but, in a mol-
illed form, mod tiled, that Is, weaken
itself a repnlu
on that is famous the
By J. L." Cm ter.
Some one has said : "We are livii;g
in an insect age." Whether there
are a greater variety of insists in the
present, thin in the past a'i's, 1 am
not prepared to say; but there ia no
gainsaying the fact that tiie varieties
at tbe present time are many, mid
the number of some varieties is le
gion. From careful estimates it has been
announced that more than one. tenth
of the annual agricultural and tniit
product of our country la dei troved
by these perls; the value ol winch is
an astonishing amount; an amount
greater than the farmer and fruit
grower pays in taxes toward the ex
penses of conducting all our schools,
the municipal, county, state, end
general government. How to control
tbe ravages of these pests ia com
manding th earnest attention of
many connected with the various
state experiment stations, and of
those engaged in the practical work
oi the farm and in tho orchards. Tho
object of the paper i to give a few
thoughts upon the practical u euuH of
controliug or lessening the ilc.-trrc-tive
inroads of these insect pests, and
fund in our orchards, by means of! lime; but, 1
spraying. By covering the fruit and i have, aud will
ed, by in-ing a leas amount of the blue
stone, In order that it may not injure
tho very tender foliage and fruit then
setting; the bloom, in the mean time
having fallen off, and the leaf buds
buist open. Tbia modified Borderux
is frequently, or, 1 may say, generally
allied in combination with the first of
what is teimed tlie summer spray, the
spray which contains the absolute
pulsion for tbe control of that most
destructive of nil orchard p sts: the
Codling Moth. It is now April, or
perhaps, tbe first of May ; the season
of the year in which the fruit grower,
(at least if he lives in Hood River,
and has any hone of success in the
production of good fruit), must begin
to get down to business.
Mnnv people: and. 1 venture the as
sertion, some who call themselves
fruit growers, do not know a codling
moth when they see it. The oodling
n, nt h was known in tbe old world
and even in America, by its injurious
clients upon fruit, for more than a
century ago, in the old world, por-
hues centuries: ago. It is lot com-
' , . i . 1 11.
moil, however, ror it to appaur in iue
orchards of nowly settled countries.
Tho first urafted fruit trees wore set
out lu Oregon ab; ut (W years ago, but
for many years tbey were not trouiilea
by post to any serious degree, etui,
tho codlkg moth found its way to
(Iri'L'on. It has beeu asserted, and
tirobablv with good authority; '
wherever tbe apple will grow, there
the codliuu moth will eventually
come." The spray material used for
the control of this insect, differs, in
d liferent localities; especially in this
f-tnto: thia. no doubt, is due in some
measure to difference in climatic con
ditions. In some parts of this state,
mid in adjoining states, Paris green is
tho most common remedy, London
Furplo has also beeu used. In the
Hood River Valley, and other parts
of tbis state, tbe Arsenate of Lime
spiny, or Kedzie Formula, has, up to
the past year, lieon regarded as much
the most ellective spray for codling
At tbe beginning of the past sum
mer several of he leading apple grow
ers of Hood River valley began usiug
what is termed the new spray, or ar
senate of lead ; the results, without
exception, have been very satisfac
tory. The Swift s preparation of this
spray was used, with from 4 lo 6
pounds to one hundred gallons of wa
ter. True, good results bave come
from the thorough use of arsenate of
tbiuk, better results
come, from tne trior
made lu throe dlffereut localities In
the state of Ohio by professors of He
experiment station upon the com
parative merits of tne two sprays; tbe
results were pronounced decidedly In
favor of the lead ; that is, a much
larger peicentuge of clean fruit wn
secured from the same number ot
specimens experimented with, from
the latter material. Home may ask,
baa it other special advantages: lea :
it is much more easily prepared, as
there is no slacking of lime nor boil
tig of poison ; there ia no clogging
of nozzles, aa the prepaiation con
tains no gritty sediment; another
aud more important consideration, ia
tbe ease with which tbe apples are
wiped, the cost not beiug one-half aa
much as whon the other spray is used.
Two things, however, which were
claimed for it, did not prove true
with me, viz: That it would not
precipitate, aud that it gave suffi
cient color to the foliage to determine
what pait had beeu sprayed. It
needs to be stirred the same aa other
sprays, otherwise it settles ana pre
vents uniform distribution, me
color imparted to the foliage la
scarcely perceptible, but this fault
may be easily overoome by the addi
tion of a little lime to the mixture.
So much for the material to be used ;
now a few words as to tbe pump and
power for applying this spray. A
greater part of tbe spraying io thia
state has been done by band power
from 50 and 100 gallon barrels, using
one or two lends of hose; with two'
hose in use, two men are required to
produce sufficient power. In Hood
River valley two different gasoline en
gines have been used for producing
power, but with uot very satisfactory
results. A few of tbe Niagara Gas
Sprayers are lu use, it is claimed,
with fairly good results, with this
sprayer no pump is use), hence no
pumping is required; the ga being
conveyed from a strong metalio cad
die into an airtight metallic tank: con
taining the spray; the expansive force
of the gus beiug thus used to produce
the necessary power. One objection
brought against this sprayer is, the
time and expense incurred In sending
the caddies to San Francisco to be re
filled with gas.
Two Compressed Air Sprayers bave
also been used; tbia machine, con
sisting of pump and spray tank, la
mounted on wagon; the pump being
geared by a sprocket to a wheel of tbe
wagon ; the motion of the wheel in
driving puts the air compressor pump
in motion thus giving the power for
forcing the spray. This has not been
entirely satisfactory wben trees are
lurgo and close together, the distance
ia not great enough to get up power
sufficient to run two leads ot hoee
An improved Wallaoe uompressen
Air Sprayer hat recently been brought
to Hood River. It ia known as tho
"Duplex;" that is, two pumps, eaoh
beiug attached to a wheel on eithei
side by a sprocket; it Is claimed that
this will produce ample power for
throwing a constant stream through
two or even through 4 leads of nose.
If it will do what is claimed lor it, a
great advance baa been made, aa the
work of pumping ty nana is ootu
laborious and expensive. For a com
plete spraying outfit tbe best grade or
hose should be used, bait inch bose is
lurge enough Use light, but strong
extension rods; for tall trees, a ten
foot rod is short enough. Use tbe
best nozzles: if cower is sufficient,
the twin or cluster nozzle readers tbe
work more rapid.
How often shall the spraying be
done is an important question, whlob
mi'?ht be answered by saying : at least
often enough to keep the fruit so
covered with a coating of apray aa to
cause the death of the insect atteuu t
in to eat hia way into It.
With tbe arsenate of lime spray it
was tnrmerlvLthouaht tbat every tim e
weeks during the summer, up to with
in two weeks of picking time, was
often enough; others preferred to
spray every two weeks, and some as
often as every ten days, ll is claimed
that the arsenate of lead spray la not
so easily washed off or diluted by rain
as are other sprays ; and henos, that
there is not need of its being applied
so often, I am, however, considerably
in doubt upon thia latter point The
frequent rubbing of the leaves over
the fruit, causod by the aotiou of the
wind, rubs olf the spray, thus leaving
the fruit exposed to the attack ot
pests. A rainfall of any considerable
amount, as soon as dried oft, should
be followed by a spraying in order to
Long ago some phylanthroplst,
prompted by a desire to insprie the
young with a taste for the planting
and culture of trees, wrote this tere
line: "He who plants a tree, has
made a frieud." But a friend once
made must lie cherished, and his
friendship still cultivated, or it de
clines in ardor; he who would retain
a frieud, must be quick to respond,
reciprocal to every proffered courtesy
aud consideration, or the friendship
becomes cold and unproductive of the
fruita of pleasure ; for a friend lost,
it were better that he had never been
made a friend. So with tbe tree,
properly planted and cared for, it be
comes a thing of beauty, profit and
pleasure; on the other band, if ne
ilnntnd it becomes uncanny, and un
profitable, a pest and a blight In the
community; better that it bad never
Again: Thoroughness, and the In
telligent nse of tbe means employed,
are tbe only guarantees of success iu
foliage of tree with a thin coating of ough use of the arsenate of lead, xear
spray made from fluid containing a I belore last most, tuoruugu vesi worn
R. B. Bragg, of Bragg & Co., who
has business interests at Pullman, baa
beeu spending a few days there look
ing after them. Mr. Bragg expects. to