The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933, May 26, 1904, Image 4

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McDonald &Henrich
Dealers in -
Waoons 70 years test.
BuotilES the very best
Plowa, HarrowH, etc.
.aa" Mi. 1
Cultivators, Spray aud Well Pumps
Wind."Mill, Gasoline Eng's
Champion Mowers, Rakes, Oil and
Extras, Hardware, Fishing; Tackle.
Barb Wire.
Hercules Stump Powder,
Sneeeaaora to E. E. Savage'a Sons.
Hardware. Tinware.
JVIarcbing JUb Grant
fOBTr years ago the year of bloody
battles opened with campaign
In Virginia and Georgia. Grant
bad recently been given tbe rank of
lieutenant general, witll command of
II tbe Federal force. lie personally j
conducted tbe Army of tbe Potomac
In the march against Richmond through
the region went of tbe Rappahannock
river known as the Wilderness. In the
month of Hay, 1804, over a hundred ac
tion! were fought all over tbe theater
of war, which resulted Jn lots of life.
May 0 was a day of battlea.
Tbe battle opened in the wilderness
on May 6 with one of the moat re
markable atruggle known to the an
nnli of war. Writing of tbe battle
ground, General Badean says, "One
tangled maai of stunted evergreen,
dwarf chestnut, oak and hazel, with
an undergrowth of low IvHllns'
shrubs, making tber forest almost im
penetrable." And of the bnttle, "a!
wrestle aa blind as at midnight; a
gloom that made maneuvers Imprac
ticable; Jungle where regiments
tumbled on each other and on the en
emy by turns, firing sometimes into
their own ranks and fculded often on
ly by the crackling of the bushes or
the cheers and cries that arose from
the depths around." The fighting of
May 5 In the Wilderness, and, In fact,
both days of the battle, was the
Brlfidler General
Alexander H ay a,
V. . V.. morally
wounded at the
battle of the Wil
derness, Vs.. May
S, 180. General
Heya commanded
a brigade In thi
Second corpa. He
fell In the heat of
a atubborn ectlon
led by General Han
cock on the famoua
Urock road.
Ased 3.
Major General
John Sedgwick, U.
S. V.. killed by a
sharpehooter on the
Held of Soottiylva
Bla Court House,
Va., May 0, 180.
General -Sedgwick
commanded the
Sixth army corpa
and waa locating a
battery when ha
waa struck down.
Aged 91.
1W' Y L
IA Aif Mi ' '' fol e
t$fjnjnEO c. W
heaviest on the Federal left wing,
where the Second corps, led by Gen
eral Wlnflcld Bcott Hancock, fought
th Confederate right, led by Robert
E. Lee In person. General Hancock
attempted to transfer his marching
columns from the Catharplq road to
the Orange plank road, a couple of
miles distant and leading In the same ,
direction. While crossing over the
troops were attacked on the marcb j
by Confederates and compelled to 1
plunge Into the wilderness to find the !
enemy. The chief leader who fell 1
there was General Alexander Hays, j
commanding a brigade. This devoted 1
Ulcer had often ridden In open bat
tle, even on the bar slopes of Get
tysburg, with bis staff and Bag be-1
bind him, the admiration of two I
smiles. He fell at last In a tangled ;
wilderness where not even a single
regiment could note bis action and de
rive Inspiration from his courage and
martial enthusiasm.
- May 6 found Hancock still battling
along tbe plank road. He had carried
his right Sank to the road, but every
tep of the march was opposed by the
Confederates, and the Federals could i
only make headway by peuetrutlng the
thicket along the route. During the !
nlgbt tbe Confederates had built
breastworks of logs. The Federal right
twlng was struggling under the same !
difficulties In advancing along the 1 'r-1
nge turnpike, a couple of miles north
of tbe plank road. This wing waa coin-1
posed of the Fifth corps nnder Geuer- j
Headquarters for high grade Crorkerv, Quecnswaro, Glassware,
lamps and Lamp Supplies, Confectionery, Nuts and Fruits,
Fresh Roasted Peanuts,
Blank Books, Stationery and -School Books. A good assortment of
Fishing Tackle
and Notions, Split Bamboo Kodg and Cane Poles; Tovs and GPmes
Flinch and Pit. o
Hoys and (Jtrla to on the run
To imreliaiw their peanut from Coe A Son;
r'ir one una ewm are their
For qi
Phone 351
for quality aud quantity
al G. IC. Warren mid the Klstb under
General John Sedgwick. Early on Hip
0th General James 8. WndsWorth,
commanding a division of the Fifth
corps, was ordered to fuco his com
mand by the flunk southward and
charge through, to the plank road until
he Joined on the rl(,'ht of Huneoek's
line. The movement was a forlorn
hope. Distances were unknown to tlio
Federal leaders, for tho ground hud
always been Inside tho Confederate
lines and had not been reeonnoltercd.
and the officers were without maps or
General Wadsworth took his men
through tho unknown wilderness with
out falling Into ambush, but In the
first attack after be formed his Hue ot
the plank road be was shot from the
saddle Just Us his horso leaped the
Confederate breastworks.
From the Wilderness battlefield
Grant marched the whole army for
ward around Lee's flank to Ppottsylva
nla Court House, where the fighting
was resumed on May 8. The Klxtli
corps, nnder General John f-iodgwlok,
reached tho field lute on the 8th and
early the Otli took tip position for brit
tle. One battery of the corps was lo
cated In full view of tho Confederate
sharpshooters, and every oflioor who
showed himself ns a target there wnf
Brljadler Gcnernl
J a m e a S. Wmls
worth. V. i. V
mortally wounded
at the battle of Wil
derness. Vs.. May
6, 18(1. General
W ml worth com
manded a division
In the Fifth corps.
He waa hot from
his hore while
Icadlnfl a charge
over the Confeder
ate breastworks.
Aged 57.
1"U w
T7" v.
Brigadier General
James C Rice, U,
S. V., mortally
wounded at Spolt
sylvania Court
House, Va., .May
10. 1864. General
Rice commanded
a brigade In the
Fifth corps. He fell,
leading his men In
the foremost line.
In a dnring assault
on Lee'a Intrench
ments. Aged S3.
General Sedgwick was warned of the
dungcr of going near the exposed but
tery, but In less than an hour after the
warning tho general und the oillcor
who gave the warning walked out to
the battery to get u better alignment
for the troops. Booing the ine.i whom
they passOd dodging bullets aimed at
tho battery, Sedgwick exel.iknod:
"What, men! Dodging this way to
slnglo bullets? What 'II you do when
they open lire along the whole line?
I'm ashamed of you. They can't hit an
elephant at this distance." (
A few seconds after reaching the i
battery the general was 'struck by a
bullet under tbe left eye, and lie fell
against bis chief of stii"', General M.
T. McMahon, carrying him lo the
ground with blm. Death was almost
Instantaneous. The news spread
quickly among the troops, and the
whole corps was soon mourning the
fall of 1,'nelo Jotm Sedgwick, who was
loved by the men for his kindly and
genial character.
On May 10 two .daring nsw.ult.-t were
mado on's Intrenclunents at
Spotts.vlvanla, and the troops led by
General Warren and the gallant Colo
nel Emory Upton crossed the parapets
under a galling fire, only to he' driven
bnek with terrible slaughter. Gen
eral J. C, lileo, who led Warren's col
umn with his brigade, wns mortally
wounded. General Klee's death made
the fourth In four days of fighting
among the Federal leaders.
cm I be beat.
Give us a Call
K - ' : " 1 f Kii;-1, .'."' '
jVLit'cbtng ttb Lee JVIarchtng (flub Sherman
-" - . ,.r, i j j . . "
I' reiilly matters but little to bls
, tory just how and by whom th
bloody linttlo of the Wilderness
was opened forty years ago, hut there
was one Incident of that hour which
shows how I he wisest experts may
gravely miscalculate In war. The
Army of tho I'otomnc crossed the
Ilapldan river 011 the 1th of May, 1HG1,
and , began Us nmivh through the
wilderness region by roadi 'eadlpg to
v. aid Itlolmiond. Hat tie Wfls not look
rl lor by the federal leaders before
mhing the North Anna river, many
1 Ti n distant.
l.'vt ltobcrt TJ. saw bis oppor
tunity to hold up the Federal march
In the v iidorness and deployed his
niiny across the roads to dilute the
passes toward Hiclnnond. The first
firmed clash of the field took pluce on
tiie Orange turnpike between the Con-j
federates of Kwell's corps and the-l
Federals nnder (ieneral O. K. Wnr-
ren. Farly in the day. the advanco :
Confederate brigade, led !y Opnernl .
John 1. Jones, drove In the Federal ,
vedettes who were guarding Warren's
Hank from surprise and saw the great j
array of enemies marching confidently j
toward' ltlehmotnl, !
Jours reported to his chief what he !
bud discovered and drew his brigade'
biu U two miles to the Intersection of a I
crossroad with a turnpike, alongj
Pritadlcr General
John M. Jonrfl. C.
5. A., kiilfd nt the
hattle of t - Wll-d.-rncss,
M. ... -' 3,
lB'j'l. Cenc.-'t
Jones coimnamlc
a l)i-id;u!! in tweh'-'derjto cort-t
and was klllod
while roWing the
advance of Grant's
riiihr-wi.U on tli;-'
Orange turnpike.
Aed i'i.
Lieutenant Gen
eral jHnira r.well
tlruwn iiluart, C.
S. A., m o r t a 1 1 y
wounded In ncllon
at Yellow Tuvei-n,
Va.. May II, loo.
Gtthcrat Stuart com
mnnUtut tit.- cav
alry t'Orrm of Let1'
army n ul wii ..hoi
I'roin the rt.klule by
a hiichcj'mi trooper
btlini-JiuJ to Cus
ter's brlaUc
Aged SI.
which Warren hoped to puss. Warren
attacked Jones with a whole division
and threw the Confederate brigade
Into confusion, a commander falling
In tho encounter. Jones' brigade be
longed to the division of (ieneral Kd
ward Johnson, who was at hand with
the companion brigade, led by General
George II. Steuart, the noted .Mary
land Confttlcrale, .lohiison re-e.stnb-lihhcd
bin line and moved forward,
completely checking Warren's march
for that day.
When news of Warren's experience
on the turnpike reached General
Meade, the commander of the Army of
tho Vulouiae, be exclaimed, "The Con
federates have left a division here to
fed us, while they concentrate and
picpare n position on the North An
na!" Warren's whole corps, su)purted
by Sedgwick's HlMh corps, was not
able to oust the stubborn "division"
from lis ground on the turnpike, for
not simply a division, but a corps, was
planted there, in touch with the re
mainder of l ee's army.
Whjie Wan'en and l!weM fought for
the visiht of way - the Orange turnpike
- the Federals under General Hancock
and the C'omVdcratci under General
I.unu'siroot and Genera! .V. 1". Hill were
locked In b'eody encounter on the
tirjiu;.' plank road, at the southern
ei;ve yit the great wilderness region,
l.oii:;.' i reefs corps was the last of the
throe ivri'S in's army to reach the
halt!c:U!d, and the troops filtered the
f;;ht with enthusiasm, looking for all
1 1 wr
1 A--K n
HAYES BROS., Proprietors.
Dealers in All Kinds of Fresh, Cured
and Canned Meats.
Headquarters for Vegetables and Fruits.
easy triumph that would end In drlv
lug the Federals across tbe Rapldan
river again before nlgbt. I-ongstreet
rode at the head of a odumn which be
bad formed to attack Hancock, but
was disabled by a painful wound be
fore the ball was fairly opened. - Al
most at the iSome instants General
Micah Jenkins,, who was by tbe side
of I.ongstreet,, was killed.
Six days after-the deadlock-In the
wilderness there'Wos another at Spott
sylvanlu Court House, where Lee again
blocked the' vyay to Richmond. At
Spottsylvania the troops of Hancock,
and Ewell were opposed In a struggle
for the possession of the key to the
field, a sharp, elevated position, fitly
called the "Bloody Angle." General
Edward Johnson's Confederate divi
sion held the front line of tbe angle
when Hancock sprung the attack dur
ing a fog early on the morning of May
12 and was captured almost entire
with Its commander. Other troops ral
lied to defend the angle, among them
the brigade of General Junius Daniel,
who was killed In one of tbe strangest
encounters on record. The troops
fought all day at arm's length over a
Blnglo breastwork. The recital of Inci
dents of that fight makes one marvel
that warfare could be so terrible.
During the afternoon of the 12th a
South Carolinian belonging to Orr's
Brigadier General
Micah Jenklna, C.
S. A killed at tha
battle of tha Wll
dernesa, Va., May
186A Ganaral
Jenklna command
ell a brigade under
Longstreet and wis
riding by tha aide of
his chief In a charge
when ha waa shot
from tha saddle.
Aged 28.
Brigadier Caneral
Junius Daniel, C.
S. AH killed at tha
battle of Spottiyl
vanfa Court Houae,
May la. 1864. Cen
tral Daniel com
manded a brigade
In Ewell'a Confed
erate corpa and fell
In defense of the
key to Lea's position
In tha "Bloody
Aged 5&
IN 18G4.
rifles was seen by b!s comrades to rise
deliberately so that the upper half of
his person was above tbe parapet, an
easy target for tho enemy, oud from
this position take deliberate aim, lire
and crouch down to reload. He re
peated this scores and scores of times.
Yankee bullets whizzed around blm,
but be seemed to bear a charmed lift).
Often he would remain on his feet
many minutes, drawing bead and then
recovering to wait for better aim.
Finally, late In th day, tbe frenzied
rltleruan wus seen to draw upon some
object, an ottlwr probably, at a dis
tance back from the Federal trenches.
The chance didn't ult. and he recov
ered and stood bolt upright, watching
for a better target When at length
one appeared, and as ho was about to
pull, a Federal bullet pierced his beurt,
stretching blm dead In his tracks.
Wlille Lee's Infantry waged tierce
bnttle ot Spottsylvania his cavalry
corps under General J. E. II. Stuart
rode on toward Richmond to guard the
passes to the Confederate capital from
a threatened attack by General Fhil
Sheridan's immense cavalcade of troop
ers. Sheridan had cut loose from the
main Federal army engaged at Spott
sylvania and expected to strike Hlch
mond before I.etfs slow marching bat
talions could come to Its defense. Ull
columns were Intercepted by Stuart
before reaching the city, and In a stir
ring cneouuter at a place known as
J'ellow Tavern Stuart was mortally
wounded. HUBERT BELL.
SHERMAN waa "marching
through Georgia" months be
fore be started on the famous
trip from Atlanta to tbe sea whtcti Is
celebrated In tbe. popular war gong.
Thla, time "forty years ago the army
was on the. northern slope of Pine
mountain tolling to break through tbe
passes held by General Joseph E.
Johnston's Confederate and covered,
by his guns. Beyond Fine mountain
lay bold Kenesaw, through wblcb the
railway passed leading to Atlanta.
Tbe actions fought during this stage
of Sherman's march were less san
guinary, than those taking place In
the same period on ' eastern battle
fields, but the National cemetery at
Marietta, on the southern slopes of
Kenesaw, holds the ashes of 10,000
Federal soldiers, who fell from the
bullets or disease. Kenesaw and the
lesser mountains around it held Sher
man's army a month. On tbe 27th of
June the heights were stormed, with
loss of 2,500 Federal assailants.
The operations In front of Kenesaw
mountain wore attended -with one of
those peculiar war trogedies which
carry regret to foes as well as sorrow
to friends. After Sherman bad push
ed his right and left wings respective
ly beyond the line of. Tine mountain it
became a question with the Confed
erate commander whether he should
Brigadier General
Daniel McCook, U.
. V mortally
wounded In tha
assault on Kenesaw
mountain. Georgia.
June 37. 1804. Gen
eral McCook com
manded a brigade
In the Fourteenth
eorps. He was a
member of the fa
mous faintly of
lighting McCooka
from Ohio.
Aged SO.
Major General
James B. McPher
son, U. S. V killed
at the battle of
Bald Hill, in front
of Atlanta, Ga..
July 23. 1004. Gen
eral MePliaraon
commanded the
army of tha Ten
nessee under Sher
man. He waa ehot
while raconnoiter
Ing between tha
Aged 56.
LANTA IN 1864.
attempt to hold on to Tine mountain.
On tbe morning of June 14 General
Johnston, accompanied by General
Hardee and General Folk, rode out to
tbe front to examine tbe post and de
termine upon its fate.
After completing tbelr examination
and deciding upon the Immediate with
drawal of tbe troops tbere the party
was fired upon by a Federal battery
of Farrott guns stationed about a
quarter of a mile distant At tbe third
shot a shell struck General Folk in the
chest and passed through his body from
left to right, killing blm Instantly.
General Folk received a military ed
ucation and graduated at West Point
Early in life he left tbe service for the
pulpit In the Protestant Episcopal
church and at the outbreak of the war
had reached the rank of bishop. Be
lieving that his military knowledge
would best serve tbe south In that cri
sis, he laid aside his robes and entered
the army, where his distinguished
services won for him advancement to
the rank of lieutenant general. j
In order to open tbe passes of Ken
esaw mountain to his troops Sher
man resorted to the doubtful expe
dient of direct assault upon the In
trenched and well manned lines of his
opponent. The attack was made June
ST and, as In Pickett's famous charge;
at Gettysburg, was preceded by a
heavy cannonade. The whole long line
of battle advanced, but in front of the
Army of the Cumberland, led by the
veteran Thomasvtlie flghtliyrwaB the1
Vehicles & Farm Machinery
Corner Fourth and Colombia streets,
Hood Kiver, - - ... Owgon. '
heaviest, recalling tbe stone wall at
Fredericksburg. . Newton's division led
I Thomas' attack, and that of Jeff C.
Davis followed, making a column sev
en lines deep.
The two divisions of Newton end
Davis were exposed - to the lire of
two Confederate divisions of infantry
and thirty-two. Held guns for two
hours. In places the assailants reached
the parapets, where many fell, and
some even crossed the trenches and
were killed there. The Confederates
stated thrit they counted a thousand
dead boys In' blue In the line closest to
their works. This assault was a bloody
failure, but that was not because of
want of valor In the troops. Finding
themselves In danger of annihilation,
yet scorning retreat, they clung to the
slight ridges under the enemy's guns.
Tbe brigade of General Daniel Mo
Cook built a little parapet within seventy-live
feet of the works. General
McCook was mortally wounded, and
his second in command. Colonel O. F.
Harmon, also fell. McCook seemed
to have a premonition of the carnage
to come, for before tbe assault he 're
cited to his men tbe lines from "Hora
tlus at the Bridge," beginning:
Oh, how can men die batter than facing
fearful odda
For tha glory of their country and tha
altara of their gods! -
Maior Canaral
W. H. T. Walker.
C S. Ah killed In
tha battle at Deca
tur, In front of At
lanta, Ga., July 23.
1884. Canaral Wal
ker commanded
division In Har
dee's corpa and fall
In a general sortie
Igalnat Sherman's
advancing Una.
A couple of weeks after the storming
of Kenesaw, which Johnston finally
Abandoned to Sherman, this leader
was supplanted In the command by
General J. B. Hood, a hero of the bat
tlefields of the Potomac. Hood an
nounced hie coming by a aeries of sor
ties against the foe then closing Ip
upon Atlanta. When Sherman beard
that Hood was In command of tbe
Confederate he warned his generals
that hard fighting lay ahead. He knew
Hood at West Point and In tbe old ar
my and declared that in gaming he
"always played the limit"
In a brilliant sortie led by Hood on
the 22d of July, which Is known as the
battle of Bald Hill, General J. B. Mo
Pherson, commander of the Army of
the Tennessee under Sherman, was
killed. During the fight which was
going against bis line he rode out with
a single aid to order a brigade to fill a
gap which If left open would be fatal
After making the disposition be start
ed to return to the scene of danger,
but by tome strange error rode through
the gap into unoccupied ground. There
be encountered at close range some
Tennessee stragglers, one of whom
shot him from the saddle. When the
soldier learned who his victim waa he
regretted that he had not spared his
life. Tho same day the Confederate
General W. H. T. Walker, command
ing one of Hood's divisions, was In
stantly killed in a charge against Mc
Pherson's left wing.
X aw w lieutenant Gen-
jhcX eral Leonldae Polk.
f C . A killed on
f -9a. Wna mount, Ceor
1 " Junt 18a-
I n. j I during Sherman's
1 tf tfmt& 1 inareh on -Atlanta.
I f 'rat General Polk waa s
1 7SV dieHngulehed bfsh-
V, Xvtvf ' oe In tha Epla-
THV jtf I copal church be-
Ta VTJr I for tha war and
- V. .J I put off hie rases to
fVr f den a martial
k cloak. v '
. ISvj Aged 58.
Stoves. Paints. Oils
Builders' Material
Estimates furnished to Contractors,
AdEKTS Klli f
Oliver Chilled Plows.
E. R. Bradley
Q 0
Wa are hen to do your work today
tomorrow and every other day, and
our money (what little we have)
la apent m Hood River. We want
your work and can do it neatly and
1 0 '
1- Bw(jaaKar
. . .. .. ... "V
' I
(.'orner Htnte atroet and Pu'mdlMt avenue.
RateH, 91 to Si. SO a day. Mprclal rnUrn to
buardera. M KH. D. o. KNTKlCA N, Prop.
Of 25 years' experience. Will fur
nish plans and specifications for all
kinds of biiildingB. Strictly up to date.
l-incated at Hood Kiver.
and Builders
Hood River. Or.
Estimates furnished on all kinds of work
I'Vinnua- Arnold, Main 81.
"-"W. Frederick, Main 80S.
& Builders.
S-Plans andJSstijk atks Pitkmishrd-V
and Builders
Plans and Estimates Furnished.
and Builder.
Plans and Estimates Furnished
Upon Application. dl
Wilbur Stock
IVar Sir We have pleasure in advlntna; you
that a mil line or Wilbur Block Knod and
Kurm Snlclnlllni la for wile v ilea. W. Han.
. .n, ..I.e., ..1. rtllj IMV.Mn UU CHII
how onr ag-ttm'y either by purchasing vour
iinlles there or aendlna your neighbors there
for Wilbur's Mock Food or Wilbur's House
and Barn Remedies, will be highly appreciat
ed by bom our acent and ourselves. If you
are nimble to aupply your want at our agency
write ul once iiucl we shall eee that you get
what you want. Thanking you for paat
fhvors and wishing you a successful season,
wa remain, yours truly,
4ula Unul Uua. I f I., r .
Chop House.
Meals on short order at all boon. Onen d
and night, from a. m. until 1a.m.
Proprietors. mi
HI strawberry parker. Call on or write
llim JC A.FKANZ, HoodRlver.Or.