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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 27, 1903)
Enthusiastic Fruit Growers
- Meeting, ,
SRTTINU Ol'T AND CULTIVATING.
Chairman I wouldlike for Mr. Mason
to explain how to Bet out and cultivate
an orchard. Down our way he is getting
to ho known ns the crank on setting out
Mr. Mason I will give you my view
uui anything 1 may say 1 do not want
you to take for law and gospel. I am as
ynt only experimenting This system is
wnai i:iey can uie equilateral or hex
agonal system, in which the trees are all
an eon ul distance anart. and in whfoh
any one tree is in the center of six other
trees. In this system you will find that
you get aoout 18 per cent more trees
than in the square system. You do not
weaken the ground any more thin you
uu in me square system, rou will no
tice in this illustration that in the square
system there is quite a space that is not
utilized, while in the hexagonal sys
tem there is no space unoccumed
One of my friends in Hood Iiiversaid he
wanted to set his orchard square with
the world, and you will find that this
system is just as much so as the square
system. .Let the top oi una illustration
m me norm and you win see the rows
run north and south, while it also
possessed of the merit of having the
rows run in five other different directions.
Mr. Mason then gave a very lucid
detailed explanation of the hexagonal
system illustrating his remarks, with
diagram comparing the two systems and
described his two methods of laying off
an orctiard, one with two chains, the
other with three boards in the form of
a triangle, marking the site of each tree
with a small stake as he proceeds. This
description we will reserve for another
issue when we will publish a diagram
also. The Glacier printed this diagram
seven or eight years ago when J. K.
Oalligan set out his orchard by this sys
tern. Mr. Mason also said in his re
marks that we can grow our trees closer
together than they do in the Eastern
states, because our trees do not grow so
large as they do there; for the reason,
he thinks that the soil is stronger there
inan it is tiere.
In regard to cultivation, Mr. Mason
said: 1 don't know any more about
cultivating an orchard than I do about
making a success of apple growing, but
I will give you my ideas. It is one of
the moat important subjects for consid
cration and is one of the least compre-
heiided and systematized of all the
different branches of the applo growing
iiKiii8iry in our valley. A practical or
chard cultivator has not been invented
yet. I am going to get me a cultivator
that is made in Salem, called, I think,
the Kimball. It has three-inch steel,
half-twist blades which run at right
angles and are just the thing to kill the
ferns and blackberries which are our
worst weed pests. It is a perfect shallow
cultivator and so arranged that you can
ride it or walk and cultivate. It is in
expensive, costing gome where between
$10 and $18. E. L. Smith bought one,
the only one in the valley. With this
you can get close up to the tree. I do
not like the right lap plow, the side draft
spoils it. This machine is far better.
It pulverizes the surface, cutting the
weeds off just below the ground, leaving
them stand so that you hardly know
they are cut until the sun wilts them. I
am also going to use a drag in my or
chard. I will make the drag 11 feet
wide with runners 12 feet long to keep
the drag from dipping into the ruts or
low places and so it will catch the tops
of the ridges. I will use thespringtooth
harrow in connection with this drag.
Mr. Mosier Are you going to use the
springtooth to loosen up the ground in
the first place? Don't the ground get
hard under w here the springtooth is
Mr.Mason-No,Ithink not. I am making
ridges in my orchard by plowingit. The
sprinutooth loosens only the surface
but your right lap don't go over three
or four incheB deep. .
MrMosiur f find that in using the
spring tooth ii the ground is not loos
ened with a plow every two or three
years a hard crust forms under the
Mr. Mason That is what I said in my
initial remarks, there is no instrument
yet invented that makes a practical or
chard cultivator. Anything that has
wheels and a neck-yoke and tongue
may do to plow corn with, but they will
not do iu an orchard. The horse gets
mad, vou get mad and your trees get
Mr. Bellinger I don't know anything
about any of these machines. I culti
vate my orchard with a plow The
epringtooth leaves a hard crust after a
few years. .
Mr. Mason How do you get to the
Sir. Sellinger You have got to trim
Mr. Mason In this orchard which
I have illustrated vou can cultivate three
dit)'rent ways. 1'he rows are ju. wide
enough these ways, which you cannot do
in any other system of setting them out.
There is another thing and that is iu re
gard to spraying. You will see that
under the square system, with the wind
from the northwest the spray from the
man on the north side of the sprayer
will cover the horse, the driver or
the man with the otker line of hose,
while with this system, one man can
atop just before the tree on one side
and the other man just after tho tree on
the other with -the sprayer between
tlieni so that the spray will not get on
either the horse, driver or the other
Mr. Carroll Mr. Mason says he has
ridges in his orchard. I have plowed
mine for six years and have no ridges in
it. My orchard ie six years old and
from now on I will continue to plow it
when I want to and jet have no ridges.
I plow it then harrow it crosswise. If
you will do that and do it thoroughly
vou will not get ridges in your orchard.
1 huve never had any trouble in that
line. 1 plow one way, then springtooth
crosswise, then harrow. My trees are
25 feet apart. I just cultivated with a
springtooth last year and harrowed
with a steel harrow. That is the way I
rultivate my orchard. Last year I kept
the moisture within two or three inches
of the top of the ground, I believe the
plow is much the best thing in the or
chard. Mr. Mason Yes, you might plow
the orchard in that way the first six
years and keep it level; but after that
lime, after the trees are 8 or 10 years
old how will it be, as the limbs grow
longer? Lton't the plow interefere with
Mr. Carroll It is just owing to how
von cultivate the first year. If vou cul
tivate shallow the first year the root
will run shallow, but if you cultivate
dip the roots will go deep. The root
will go below your plowing all the time.
Chairman I think a great deal de
pends on the K'il. In (me soils the
rits will run deep while in other soils
they ki-ep near the top. Let u hear
from Mr. Kennedv on spraying.
Mr. Kennedy 1 hey call Mr. Mason
the crunk on loving out an orchard, but
tluy call me the i-pray-crank. I find
that 1 cannot get any one in this neigh
lorhocd to admit that he net-da a winter
spray. With the winter spray we kill
off aohis.fungus, scale, etc. The South
ern Oregon growers spray with Paris
green, but they use more powerful ma
chines than is necessary to use with qur
arseuite of soda.. Sulphur, lime and
salt, Kchanno'a formula, 60 ponnda of
sulphur,60 pounds of limeand 50 pounds
oi eau to iou gallons, one pound to the
gallon. This is our principal winter
spray and should be used now, if you
n.ou iiibuic your orciiaru Hgainsi
ine pests just mentioned. Last year
used only half the quantity of the salt,
I would rather use 17 Dounds of sulDhur.
17 pounds of lime and 10 pounds of salt
to oiiuiiB ui wnier. j. nseu vo uiiiik 1
knew something about slaking lime
cm mere was a man working with at
the other day who showed me how it
should be done; Ho took 17 pounds of
lime and put it in the bottom of the
vat and poured a little bit of water on
ii. i waicnea mm ana thought it. was
going to burn when he ooured on a lit
tie more water. As it began to steam up
good 1 said: "fierce, is that the way to
slake lime?" He said "Yes, that is the
way to do it," and I watched him put in
a little more water and he kept it hot
and worked the water in just fast enough
to keep it trom burning, and in about
10 minutes he had it slaked so that
there was no roughness in it, no hard
lumps that make you think the lime ie
no good, but it was smooth like paste.
lie men poured in more water and we
stirred it up and titer we strained it
there was not to exceed a pound in 60
of stun left from the lime. I think you
are all familiar with summer spray.. I
would not recommend sulphur spray
for codlin moth nor the Bordeaux mix
ture, but for a summer spray for rust it
might do. 1 have just wondered wheth
er you have any rust here in Mosier
or not. ; , : ' ' -
Mr. Brown In regard to winter spray
my experience is that it is very valuable
to us. 1 had one tree of hue nectarines
one year,but afterward we never got one
DH ot truit on ot it. Last year l sprayed
it and my peaches and "apricots. My
nectarines nere fine, and my peaches
were fine and fmooth as were also my
apricots. 1 sprayed three times last
winter. Last year my apricots were
the finest I have ever had. I am in favor
of winter spray. , 'I
Mr. Kennedy ion all know my
place. There was lots of scale on all my
trees, especially on .my Swaar trees,
which grew down low and " spraddled
out like rose bushes. The apples were
very speckled, worse than this old apple.
My neighbors were very anxious to see
the scale cleaned out of the orchard,
and I sprayed it, now, there ,is .not a
cleaner orchard, or clearer skinned
Swaars to be found anywhere," "and we
lay it to winter spraying. t ..
Carroll I wish you would explain
how and when you commence to spray
for codlin moth. '
Mr. Kennedv The proDer time to
apply the arseuite of soda spray the first
time is when the blossoms are two
thirds gone, and every two weeks there
after until the apples are gathered.
Mr. Clark had me make him some spray
using one pound of arsenic to four
pounds of soda. He bad 2,000 or 3,000
boxes of apples vi percent lies from
worms. He said he did not want me to
change my formula on his account. If
any one else wanted to change it, he
said they could do it, but that- it was
good enough for him. If I can see any
particles coming up on the surface to
dissolve, I put in more soda, Using just
enougn soda to dissolve the arsenic.
Air. Carroll In Hood Kiver, how did
ou and the men proceed with the spray
ing alter you got your lime BU.kod and
our spray mixed?.
Mr. KeniiedrWhtle I was"watchlmi
the man with the lime the men with the
spray outfit went on to spraying, while
this man at the house eot another uar
relful ready. They had about 15 feet of
lose and would go nearly around the
tree. "What are you doing, finishing
the trees as you go?" I asked him. "Yes,
that's what we are doing." In looking
over the tree I saw there was. a. strip
he had never touched at all, you could
see where this yellowish spray touched.
He was spraying.! do thorough work. If
he had done one side of the tree as he
went down the row and then came back
ou the other side and finished it he
would have dune good work. It is not
necessary to spray oftener than two
weeks, but keep it up till gathering time.
Spray up to ten days . before gathering
time. In the fprmg even thing is a
little tender and it is better, to . use a
little less than the full amount of the
formula, which is three-quarters of a
quart of arseuite to 50 gallons. Later
in the summer you can use ' it stronger
Spray in the blossom end so as : to get
the particles of spray inside tho calyx.
This is very desirable, so that when the
egg hatches the spray will get the worm.
If this is not done the worm that gets in
at the calyx will work its way into the
apple and sooner or later will come out
leaving a hole in the side of the apple.
Mr. Mason Iu regard to the sal soda,
there is a controversy as to -whether to
use two or four pounds of sal soda. The
only object I see in using the sal soda is
to get the arsenic dissolved and united
with it in the spray on tho apple. ; In
regard to the winter spray, wheu I mix
my sulphur and lime 1 mix the sulphur
in the lime as I slack it. I slow slack
the lime and when I haveit in a good hot
dough I work the sulphur into it. You
can get the sulphur to dissolve much
better in that way. Don't let the lime
burn or turn yellow. Mr. Kennedy is
a rprayer. He says to spray every two
weeeks up to 'en days before gathering
the apples. I am pretty certain, he is
the only man who sprays that often.
Some pretty progressive growers spray ev
ery 21 days. I have always sprayed every
21 days.If you spray thoroughly every 21
days yon will get the codliu moth. Out
of 143 boxes I only had two boxes -of
culls. and had one box of A tier apples,
the balance were four tier apples. They
were sprayed with arsenite of soda, and
sprayed every 21 days thoroughly.
Mr. Carroll This is a question which
I think we ought to take a great deal of
notice of. Two years ar;o I raised 2,000
boxes of apples, and out of that number
I harvested about 200 boxes free from
w orms. I thought if I could not do bet
ter than that 1 would quit. I heard
about Mr. Kennedv being a sprayer and
went to see him. He told me be would
furnish me the spray and that if I would
spray thoroughly every two weeks I
would save 75 per cent of my apple. s I
got the spray and did the work and beat
that a great deal. I believe Mr. Kennedy
is right about the time and number of
times to spray. We need to spray often
and hit every one of them square in the
face. Mr. Evans did not spray until I
had sprayed twice. I don't go anvlhiiig
at all on those men at Corvallis who say
to spray but five or six times. It may
do all fight there but it itl not here.'
They sav there are but tw'o" broods in" a
reason. We have a dor.en. I sprayed my
trees nine times and sprayed tltt-m thor
oughly. It is just si Mr. Kennedy savs,
no man can spray a Ire -thoroughly
from one side. I spray in the center of
my tree, 1 sprav a quarter of my tre a
1 come to it and a quarter of it a 1 get
past it, I spray one half of my trees as I
go down the row and the other half as
come back on the other side, and I did
not lose three pereeot by wornryapph't.
No man can do that if he does not do
his work thoroughly. 1 have "00 trees
and it takes me and two other
the tale. If you miss the first spraying
or tan to spray the blossom ends well
you will have the codlin moth the whole
Mr. Mason I think these meetings
will do as as much good as the experi
ment station's work. I like to hear the
results of sdeh experiments as Mr. Car
Mr. widdleswart v hen 1 came u
here I found my orchard so close that
could not get through with a plow
They told me to cut my young trees back
to 18 inches from the ground and I have
been trying eversince to get my trees
high enough to get under them. I am
finding my neighbors cutting their un
der limbs off their trees so that they
can get to them to cultivate. I trim the
limbs off so I can get under them.
Mr. Kennedys Did you lose any
pies next year?
' Mr. Middleswart No, sir.
Mr. Kennedy Did you cut off the
: Mr.Middleswart Yes.sir.
Mr. Kennedy The reason I ask i
that everybody asks me what in the
world I ha.e been cutiing the lower
limbs off for, and I think I am doing
Mr. Mosier I have a patch of plum
and prune trees. 1 was told to allow
the limbs to come out as low down as
possible so as to shade the body of the
tree and protect it, and 1 did so and I
had to take a hoe and hoe the weeds ou
trom under the trees. I cut out every
thing out of every tree nil over the or
chard so that if could drive a team up
to the trees and cultivate them, and
did not damage my trees whatever.
Mr. Kennedv One great reason whv
I cut the limbs off underneath was that
I was using that ideal orchard cultiva
tor, the California right lap, which 1
think is a first class, practical machine.
I had a vonnir horse and an old horse and
that little side draft Mr. Mason is scared
at, was a little too hard for .the young
horse, but there is a way to adjust the
machine to overcome it and reduce the
side draft to practically nothing. My
neighbor came over and said "My, that
does fine work, but the more you cut
them ferns the thicker they cume up;
but you all know that is just the way to
kill them. The more vou cut them and
make them bleed, the easier they can
be cleaned out.
Mr. Middleswart lam one of those
who believes in low topped trees.
topped my trees to the height ot my
knees.or about 20 inches. There are
some advantagea iu the matter of culti
vation in high topped trees, but there
are so many other advantages in favor
of a low top tree after they get to be 10
or 12 years old, especially in spraying
and picking. Uan you get a horse, say
ten or twelve hands high under your
nigh topped trees without ekinning the
trees or knocking off lots of the apples,
when you cultivate I UeBides the low
limbs will be a protection from the sun
and prevent sun spot.
Mr. Kennedy 1 have had experience
in handling low topped trees cut to 20
inches. I don't want any more of it in
mine. I believe in clearing out from
under the tree so the sun and air can
get at iK
Mr. Mosier I do not believe a good
thrifty tree will sun spot. Borers will
get in a low top tree as well as a high
topped tree, and I do not see that the
limbs would be any protection from the
Mr. Carroll You take a tree and cut
it off up here four feet high. What
kind of shape will that tree be in iu
few years in this valley? What kind
of a body will it have in three years? No
Uuokav tlitiM-- ou'o . 4imwlx X1ulua
cut my trees all off low down. I am
going to show you that I can get up as
close to a low top tree as you can to a
tree cut off four feet up. If you cut
tree back to twenty inches the limbs
will come out and turn up while if you
cut them off up four feet high the limbs
will come out and turn down in the way
of your plow, so that yon can t get your
horse under them. - Jiow this is a fact
Did you ever see a heavy trunk on one
of these tall trees? The thicker and
heavier the trunk the straighter your
tree stands. Then again there is a great
saving of labor in favor of the low topped
tree. My men picked 100 boxes of ap
ples a day off of my low topped trees
this year, while they could not have
picked more than 20 off of your high
trees." You very seldom see a sun spot
on a low tree, while 1 think you will see
three out of five so affected where the
trees are trimmed high. I think this
is done" in the winter, and not, as
many suppose in the heat of the sum
mer. I think the sun shines on them
during the warm days drawing tip the
sap and the cold nights freeze them,
bursting the sap cells, causing the de
cay. Warm days and cold . nights ac
count for most of the loss from sun
scald, I think if the limbs are low
down they break the wind from the
trees while if the trees are high it is
colder, the bare trunk being the most
exposed part of the tree. There is an
other idea that I differ with most men
on, and that is in thinning out the top.
Some men will leave only three or four
limbs w here I will leave, a dozen. I
think there is such a thing as thinning
out so thin that yon can't raise good ap
ples.) ou can put a few hue apples on lots
of limbs, but not lots of fine apples on a
few limbs. If you have lots of limbs
you can leave a few apples ou each one,
making a good heavy crop in the aggre
gate, and of good marketable size; while
if vou have but few limbs you will be
sure to leave too many on thelimbcrowd
ing them so that they will be small and
an over-burden to the limb.or if properly
thinned, will have too few on the tree to
make a fair crop. That is my exper
Mr. Mosier I have a tree about three
years old. The first spring it was
about eight feet high and I cut it back
to four feet,when the limbs, instead of
coming out and going to the ground,
they came out and went straight up. It
does not follow that because you cut your
tree at four feet the limbs should go
down and go up when cut at 20 inches,
Except in the Swaar, and perhaps the
Hen Davis, w Inch might go down. I
think either way. has some good features,
buUf -von cattow down vou will have
to cut off some of your side limbs. If
yon don't.I don't know how you w ill get
np to your trees. ,
Mr. Mason 1 want to give a practical
illustration of protection of the tree by
low pruning. Mr. Winchell complains
that a large number of his Ben Davis,
which were pruned high, cracked 18 to
20 inches, while mine, which are cut
low, were under the snow out of danger.
Another thing is how to prune different
varieUu. iou cannot prune any two
varieties alike. One man spoke about
the Ben Davis. I have more trouble
with the Ben Davis than any other tree.
It grows lust like a weeping willow. Any
one can prune a Newtown, the Spitxen
berg is the problem. The SpiUenberg
as yon know, grows great big, long
hm!-. ..They have a fad that you must
stop top pruning when a tree is two or
three years old. I don't think much of
tljis new idea. They used to do too
much cutting, now, I don't think thev
do enough, and I am afraid they will go
to the opposite extreme. Mr. Hvpke
says you can get limbs enough on the
pilneoriergs if you will tnn cutting
hack. You will get two or three yonng
ccfw's nets each year, and you can nip
day and a ball to spray tneta. l 0eiHvei on ail out two limbs in each one, and
the first spraying la the one that tellil n the same way keep it up until you
get your top. Mr. Rand is another man
who had the cutting fever, and you will
notice that his Spiteenbergs cannot be
improved upon in the top pruning
The manner of pruning tor one tree wi
not be adaptable to another, we wi
have to study the nature of your tree
and prune accordingly. Take the Law
ver, you cannot cut the Lawyer back at
all. l ou will make a crau-tree oi it
Chairman I am very much gratified
to see so many out today. It shows that
you are interested in high class fruit and
that you mean business, l thougt
when we sent up the notices that w
could get 25 or 30 out to attend the
meeting, but I am delighted to see twice
that number here and to note the inter
est that is manifested. Thinning the
fruit has not been touched upon yet
far. Some say you need to employ
Chinaman or an Indian who has no
feeling in the matter at all in order
do your thinning properly.
Mr. Mosier I always thin mine when
they get ready to pick.
Mr. Mason I know the Spitzenbergi
must be thinned. They grow in clusters
like cherries, one in the center and five
or six around it. If these little ones
are all allowed to remain on the tree
nine out of ten of them will die when
they get to be about the size of dove's
eggs. I don't know whether you people
know what the size of a dove s is, as it
is a scarce article in this country. When
you thin your apples pull off these little
ones from around the center one. 1
never leave more than three in a cluster.
If these little apples are not pulled off
they make the best kind ef a harbor for
the codlin moth. I try to thin to a sm
gle Newtown in a place. I also pull t he
leaves off that you so frequently find
around a cluster of apples. It takes
little extra time but your apples will
color up better.
Mr. Koot 1 am like Mr. Mosier,
thin my apples when they are ready to
Mr. Mason Mr. Orr said, in thinning
they tried to thin to four inches. 1 hey
have no sale for anything smaller than
a four-tier Newtown, and that was about
all the kind they raised. I asked him
how they did it, and he said by thinning
and summer pruning.
ChairmanIs that true of tho Spitzes
Mr. Mason 1 think it 1b.
Mr. Henningsen What is the best
time to prune?
Mr. uarroil 1 generally prune in
May or June if I can get to it. If you
prune late it heals quicker and don't
water-sprout. It is an old saving, "If
you want wood prune early, if apples,
prune late. " 1 generalfy prune in May
I would rather wait until the leaves
Mr. Mosier I think June would be
Mr. Carroll If you prune late as Au
gust ithas a tendency to throw the sap
into the limbs you leave on and they
will grow longer than if you prune in
June. If you cultivate your ground late
they will do the same thing, your trees
will grow late and are apt to winter kill
I seldom cultivate later than the first of
Mr. Mason It is an important ones'
tion, this cultivating in the fall. I have
one neighbor who cultivates in Novem
ber. 1 think it makes but little differ
ence in the growth of the tree whether
we cultivate after August or not. If
there is to be any second growth it will
be after the rains come and I like to
keep the weeds out of my orchard in the
Mr. Carroll I find in September
when it rains that if there are any seeds
in the ground they will start.' t hen 1
taKe aiignt narrow atiuiui niese" ntxie
weeds and it will not hurt the trees.
Mr. Mason I would prune in the
early part of the winter. I prefer June
totliehrstol the year; but 1 would
prune the first of December. We often
tiave rain, snow and sleet during the
winter and if vou cut out vour extra
wood before that comes, you lessen the
chances for damage to your trees just
Chairman There is one question
about heading a tree I would like to ask
and that is when you can best do that?
Mr. Carroll If you have a tree two
or three years old you are not liable to
get any top ; but. to cut a yearling tree
ou can cnt it wherever you want it. 1
cut off some high two-year old trees.
Some never came out. 1 pulled them
up. You can do no good heading an old
Mr. Carroll When is it time to graft?
Mr. Mosier I have never seen top
rafting on big limbs successfully done,
have never seen a bud nut in a big
imb do any good. As to smaller limbs
don't know; but 1 do know that a
budded tree on a yearling stock is bet
ter than a grafted tree. 1'ut a bud in
about three inches from the ground
bout the last of July, wrapt with any
old string and let it alone for about two
weeks, when the string 'may come off.
have never nad any success with
cherries, but apples, peaches, or any
thing else that way, I have good success
Mr. Mason I am changing some
trees in my orchard. I have 4U0 that I
did not buy, and I don't know how
many more that I bought that I am
changing by top grafting. They are all
five year old trees. Mr. Kolis did my
top grafting. He uses the side graft.
Take a tree five years old, or any tree ,
from three to nve years old, pick out
the limbs that will give you the best top.
In a limb the Bize of your finger put two
or three scions, in a two-inch limb put
our. After the union is completed you
ill cut out to the best limb. I would
not cut a limb over two inches in diame
ter, but would take the limbs that are
smaller and put the grafts in ' these. I
. as very successiui in my ia8t year s
rafting, which was my first experience.
have a triend at iKiise, Idaho, where
ley are making his trees over into Jon
athans. He cute thefr trees back about
half to let them grow sprouts and the
next year buds into the sprouts. I
have some six-year-old Ben Davis trees
that I will work over in this manner. I
ave had good success, about 95 per cent
of my grafts grew.
Mr. Carroll 1 have put in a good
many grafts myself. Some of them grew
nd some ol them did not. 1 nnd that
a graft freezes it is not apt to grow.
Mr. Mason We never do our grafting"'
ntil in June, when all danger of frost
Mr. Carroll We sometimes have
frosts quite late and caught some of my
Mr. Mosier In my grafting I used
what we call the cleft graft.
Mr. Mason We use the side-graft.
Mr. Mosier GrafU should be cut in
December and put in sand in the cellar.
They will nearly every one grow.
Mr. Root I have used both those cut
in the tall and those taken directly from
the tree. Those I took off in the fall
?:rew, but of those I took off the tree very
Mr. Mosier That's it I will tell yet
how I graft When I put the scion in
the cleft 1 do nut set it straight with
tL'- grain of the wood as ia customarv,
but I act it just a little quartering. In
this way you will be sure to get the
bark of the tree and that of the scion
together so as to insure a union. I have
grafted limbs 2t and three inches in
Mr. Mason You would not recom
mend cutting limbs over two inches iu
Mr. Carroll No, sir, and one inch is
Mr. Mason I will tell you about the
nere the reporter ran out of paper.
pui it is no reflection upon Mr. Mason'i
integrity to say that he is a great grafter
as he has had great success in his oper
atioiiB while making over his orchard
The meeting was lively, interesting ain
instructive, and the close attention that
was given every speaker throughout the
enure session, maniiesteu an interest
on the part of the Mosier fruit growers
that speaks well for the future of that
industry in Mosier valley. After a few
minutes further discussion the meeting
ineso meetings should become a per
manent feature and be held at Btated
periods, as there is no better way to die-
6enunate a thorough knowledge of the
business of fruit growing throughout
the valley ,and nothing that has a great
er influence in stimulating the spirit of
observation and experimental research
so necessary to tho highest develop
ment ot the industry.
Apple Trees f or Sale
CHEAP. I lmve 1200 young applet tret wlil-h
I wish to Bi'll Immediately. They lire Yellow
nmuwn, .loiiHinun, uen juhvik, uhiio, spii.
enbeiv and Umvpimtelu. The greater num
ber are Newtown and Upitzeubeigs. tot
lurtnur tutornintlon see
M US. It. L. HOWE.
A ninn in make irood money for himself in
the next few weekH. A man who umierKtumts
pruning fruit treex preferred. Call at
Hack for Sale.
One-horse hack for sale. Innutreof
W V. A. COUVfKYMAN.
Buggy for Sale.
A sccond-haau iiuirirv forsale I'll KAP. An.
One of the very choicest fruit-uroduetns
ranches In Hood River valley, close in. No
belter soil for apples can be found. A fine
commercial orchard on the place, which will
soon produce the price asked for it,, and which
it-f-x man iihii wiihi. Kimiiur places are sell
ing for. For un Investment or permanent
home, nothing In the vallev eoiials thin. Per
fect title. Immediate possesion. Letts than
four miles train town. Investigate this snap,
correspond or can quicaiy upon
Cows for Sale.
Fresh Jersey and Durham covs. vour choice
roriHU, lor sale by j. A. iii-;mu-:ksun,
maris lSlngen, Wash.
Incubator for Sale.
200 egg Incubator and brooder for sale cheap,
maris B. K. HHoKMAKKH.
Pay Your Money.
Subscribers to the road fund for the Kant.
Side grade ure hereby notified that 1 lie work
will begin soon, and therefore the mouev
MUST HE PAID AT ONCE. Pay vour sub
scription at liuui-r 9 baiiK. Ily onlcr of t he
Land to Rent.
Apply at the Pratber Investment Co.'s of-
nce, or to n. H. Kit WIN.
L. H. RICHMOND,
Plans furnished and Kstimates
Four good family Cows: 8 Calves: a eentle
riding pony, 7 years old, win work in har
ness; chickens, ducks, one uofden pheasant,
15 canary birds. Incubator nnd brooder: 10
gain. niM M. DUMAS, Mt. Hood
I have 2 or S fresh cows for sale at Riverside
Farm, 3 miles west of town.
rj) J, W. AlOHJUJN.
Hogs for Sale.
1 have 8 young brood sows for sale. Also, a
good Jersey cow, 11. W. WAIT,
lean locate home-seekers on government
land good fruit land, with springs: some
Willi water to Irrigate; easily cleared: 12 to 13
miles from Hood Kiver; near county road.
n21 E. V. MlLLKIt, Hood Kiver, Or,
B. F. BELIEU,
irrr.ANS ash Estimates FritNiHHEi-6
On the Hill,
S. C. JACKSON. Proprietor. Will
do picture framing in connection. Room
mokltnpH and all kindsof pietureand window
etHH8 connluntly ou hand. Call and see sain-
plew of wall paper. '
Get Your Shoes.
All shoes repaired in J. W
Hood Kiver. left over : days will be sol
the cost of repairing. Oi ii. W.. UIUU.S,
Hlggs' shop In
Clianees May Come
And lime may go, hut we will con
tinue to do all kinds of plain and
at the same old stand, satisfactorily
Your ordere respectfully solicited.
E. R. BRADLEY.
P. F. Friday F. B. Jlarne
FRIDAY & BARNES,
Town and country property put into our
hand! will be promptly brought to iho buyer a
attention. We also do liifuninee and ,utaf y
Hood Kiver," Ogn.,
Jan. 2S, 1MB. David,
son Fruit Co. Gentle
men: I bought a l'o
mona Hpray Pump
from you three years
ago, and 1 want to
say that I think the
roniona is all o. k.
Have sprayed several
orehards with It oaeh
year besides my own,
and it has always
given good satisfac
tion. If I were buy
ing a dozen spray
C 11 inns today I woulil
uy Pomonivs straight
through. They cuu't
W. H. HKARH.
River, Ogn., Jan. 5,
1UU3. Davidson Fruit
Co. Gentlemen: A
year (go I purchased
from you one of the
Gould Pump Co.'s
Kentlnel Jr. Spray
Pumps. I have used
It one season In my 2d
ore orchard, and ean
truthfully nay that I
am well pleased with
the results obtAtned.
For simplicity In con
In wear, convenience
In cleaning and re
pairing, easy opera
tion and thorough
work, It receives my
tion. Yours respect
fully, A. I. MASON.
Hood River Ogn., Jan. 10, 1D03.-Davidson Fruit Oo.-Gentlemen: After using four other
makes of SSnrnv I'm in 11s 1 honirhl Pmmm ami f,.i,rt u . 1 ...... un
of orchard with It for two seasons and It was still a new and had cost nothing for repairs.
i.asi season, tor my increasing business, 1 bought a Sentinel Jr., and find it equal to any de
mands that I CHU make Oil IL It is nowerfiil. dnrnhla nuirflii.- Alu.nuH ...H ... . 1.
eveu at 100 to 125 pounds pressure. I consider it unequaled. Yours truly, WM. K.FJNN EDY. '
We are nents for spray pumps and other thine-s that
the fruit growers need.
Davidson Fruit Co.,
The Spot Cash Grocery
And all Country Produce taken in exchange for goods.
J. E. HANNA.
SEXTON & WALTHER,
Of The Dalles, Or., Agents for the celebrated
Smith linrhmniY Marhtrta
VJl UASftSlli ITlUVlllllV
And can fill orders promptly. They also carry the
best Wire Cable for Stump Pulling; Rope Shorten
ed, Snatch Blocks and extra hooks. . Write for
GET IT AT
fl An f IP"!
h Fi r1 1
I Uy UU lLia rri n
When in need of
In the line of
Drugs, Patent Medicines, Paints and
Get it at CLARKE'S
Opposite Post Office.
G. E. WILLIAMS, Prop'r.
Pure Drugs, Toilet Articles,
PATENT MEDICINES, SPRAYING MATERIALS.
Prescriptions my Specialty.
Millinery at Cost.
All our Pattern, Street and Tailored Hats at cost. See our
show window for prices that defy competition.
Make your wives, daughters or sweethearts a Xmas" present of
one of those lovely Pattern HaU.
MAE B. ROE, Milliner.
t C, Haynes James K lh lior
The place to gi t an easy shave, an
up-to-dnte hair cut, and to enjoy the
luxury of a porcvluiu bath tub.
Ou Hie Mount Hood roa.l, South
of tow n, keep constantly 011 hand
the best quality of
Hay, Grain and Fml,
Al IxiWft Irlr.
d21 l. K. LAMAK, I'mr.
Plans and Estimates Furnish ko.
S. H. COX.
Offers a full line of
Gal Imf Stock, On ml Tio-p-l We
And other Fruit Trees, Plants, Shrubs and Vines.
You are Invited
To examine the stock and let us know what yon wat.
H. C. BATEHAM, Proprietor.
W. G. Snow and W. L. Upson a flret-elasH
Blacksmith and Wagon diop on the comer of Riv
er and Fourth streets, where they are prepared to
do all kinds of
BMsiiiii ni Mm ml Km M wet
Special atteution given to horses with bad feet.
Our work neat I v and promptly done. Giveusacall.
SNOW & TJPS0N.