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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 24, 1902)
CONTEST OF CMALS
Even through the eternal shadows that
eneomuass the garden, and pant the thick
yew hedge, the hot beams of the auo are
"A day for gods and goddesses.' ones
Griselda, springing suddenly to her feet,
i 11 -tmtn hap nn th itreen
sward the musty volume she had purloin- Result MeSHS MllCh tO the Pats'
ed from the mustier library anout an .
Perhaps I'll never come back. The
spirit of adventure is full upon me, and
who knows what demons inhabit that un
known wood? So, fare thee well, sweet,
my love! and when you see me, expect
me." She presses a sentimental kiss up
on her sister's brow, averring that a
..i,..,." ia tha nntv a milieu hie nart of her
for such a solemn occasion, and runs May End in Los ol Many Millions 10
A WATERWAY FIGHT.
Below, a great broad stretr-h of ocean,
ralm as death, slumbering placidly be
neath the sun's hot rays; above, a sky of
palest azure, flecked here and there by
daiutv masses of soft, fleecy clouds; and.
far inland, a background of high hills,
clothed with a tender foliage, a very baby
leafdom, just bursting into the fuller life.
Toward the west the trees give way a
little, letting a road be seen, that like a
straight pale ribbon runs between the
greenery for the space of quite a mile or
n n.i ihun rpiirhiix the small fishing vil
lus where the simple folk of (ilowring
Iieatlev toil from one years end 10 me
other, some in careless joy, some in cease
less labor, some, alas! in cruel weeping,
because of those "who will never come
back to the town."
Along the white road, that gleams
thirstily in the burning sunshine of this
hot mirtduv in June, a carnage is crawi
inir with unite nn asirravating slowness
au antiquated vehicle of a type now al
m,t miUnnwn. hut which once beyond
doubt "cost money." The carriage, being
an. opra one, enables the people as it
passes through the village to see without
undue trouble that the occupants of it are
two girls; both very young, both singular
ly alike, though in distinctly different
"It is charming!" says the younger girt,
with a little quick motion of the hand
toward the sweeping bay, and the awak
ening trees, and the other glories of the
landscape. "All charming, far better
than I ever dared hope for; and yet my
mind misgives me, Vera."
She turns a brilliant glance on her sis
ter, full of terrible insinuations, and then
laughs a little. Thus animated, she is a
very pretty girl, half child, half woman,
as fresh as the morning, and with eyes
like stars. She lifts one slender black
gloved hand, and placing It beneath her
sister's chin, turns her face gently to her.
Such a beautiful face! Very like the
rinute one beside it, yet unlike, too. There
is a touch of sadness round the lovely
lips, a mournful curve; Indeed, a thought-
fulness too great for her years is stamped
on every feature. A tender, loving, yet
strong soul shines through the earnest
eyes, and when she smiles it Is reluctant
ly, as if smiles all her life bad been for
bidden to her.
"Oh! that reminds me," said Miss Dy
sart. "I quite forgot to tell you of it,
but the day before we left Nice, Nell
' Stewart said that this cousin you speak
of, if he does exist at all, at all events
does not do it here.
"That either he won't, or can't, life
with his father. Can't, Nell rather led
me to believe.
"Can't it ia, you may be sure," says the
younger girl, restlessly. "Fancy a father
whose son can t live with him! And yet,
after all, virtuous astonishment ou that
score is rather out of place with us. I
can imagine just such a father."
"Well, never mind that," says Miss Dy
"l'es. Very good; let us then go from
sire to uncle, says her sister with a lit
tie shrug. "Do you think we shall gain
much by the change? This old relative of
ours is, perhaps, as delightful as we could
wish him, and yet I wish father had not
left us to his tender mercies.
"Do not dwell on that," says Vera,
with nervous haste; "do not seek for
faults in the inevitable. lie is all that i
left us. Sou know the sudden decision
arose out of a letter received by father
from Uncle Gregory about a year ago,
When father was was dying " She
pauses abruptly, and a tremor shakes her
The younger girl turns quickly to look
at her. There Is infinite love and com
passion in her glance, but perhaps a little
contempt, and certainly a little impa
"Do you know," she says, "it may seem
heartless positively coarse. If you will
but I do not think our father was a man
to excite respect, much less love or regret,
"Oh! it Is better not to speak like that,'
Interrupts MissDysdrt, in a low, shocked
toue. "Don't do it, darling. I know
what you mean, but
"And I know that I shall never forgive
or forget the life he led you, says tinsel
da, with a certain angry excitement.
"Well, that is over!" says Miss Dysart,
with a quick sign, heavily indrawn
"What was this vendetta, this terrible
lifelong quarrel that was kept up be
tween him and father with such monoton
ous persistency I
"That had to do with our grandfather'
will. Papa was the eldest son, yet the
property was left to L'ncle Gregory; and
that for no reason at all. Naturally, papa
was very augry about it, and accuse.
Gregory of using undue influence."
".lust so, and of course there is a good!
deal behind that you don't know. There
always is; nobody ever tells quite every
thing. And besides Oh! Oh, Vera!
Oh! what has happened?"
Griselda clutches in an agonised fashion
at the leather aide of the crazy old
chariot, which has toppled over to the
left side and stands in a decidedly dissi
pated position. The ancient driver, pre
sumably asleep, had let the horses wan
der at their own sweet will, and they be
ing old and sleepy, too, the result was
that they had dragged two of the wheels
up on a steep bank and nearly capsized
"Oh, thank you," says Miss Dysart,
leaning forward and addressing with earn
est glance and heightened color the youug
man who had risen descended, perhaps,
sounds pleasanter and more orthodox
like a good augel from somewhere the
wood on their right, no doubt. A fishing
rod. lviua on the road where he had flung
it when prepariug for his ignoble battle
with those poor old horses, proclaims the
fact that he has been whipping the stream
that gleams here and there brilliantly
through the interstices of the trees.
"Oh, no," says he, lifting bis hat, you
mustn't thank me. It was really nothing
Poor brutes, I think they were asleep
thev It is hot. Isn't It?" This last he
avs hastily, as if ashamed of his ani
madvorsion on the age of the sorry cattle
in question their horses, no doubt; and
there is something wonderfully charming
in the faint apologetic color that springs
iu'o his checks. As he finishes speaking
he looks at Griselda so hard that she feels
it incumbent on bftj.to return bit glance
- ami to Buy suiueiniuK.
"We thought (Mr last hour had come,
she says, laughing softly, and looking at
him a little shyly, but so prettily. "But
for von. one cannot say where we should
She bows to him, and so does her sis
ter quite as graciously, and then the
horses once more commence their snail
like progress, gtinding through the dusty
road at the rate of three miles an hour.
The little episode is wer; the young man
settles his soft hat more firmly on his
. head, picks up his rod. regards it anx
louslj to see that no harm has come to
it. and disappears once more Into the
aheltvr of the cool wood.
Half an hour lster the? are at then
trance sate of Greycourt. and practically
at their journey's end. Both girls, with
an involuntary umvenieut, crOe their
necks out of the carriage to get first
glimpse at their future home, and then
turn a dismayed glance on each other.
Anv.hinr more dreary, more unfriendly
yet withal grand in ita desolation, could
hardly be seen.
"How dark it is." aays Griselda,
nervous thrill running through her, as
they move onward beneath the shade of
the mighty trees that clasp their arms
between her and the glorious sky-thus
blotting' it out.
A sudden turn brings them within view
of the house. A beautiful old bouse ap
parently, of red brick, toned by age to a
duller shade, with many gables, and over
grown in parts by trailing ivy, the leaves
of which now glisten brightly in the even
The coachman, scrambling to the
ground, bids them in a surly tone to
alight. He is tired and cross, no doubt,
by the unusual work of the day. And
presently they find themselves on the
threshold of the open hall door, hardly
knnwinir what to do next. The sliambliug
fiirnre of a man about seventy, appeared
presently from some dusky doorway, he
waves to them to enter the room, and,
shutting the door again behind them with
a sharp haste, leaves them alono with
their new relative, Gregory uysart.
the Old Ship-Canal Concern.
lichtly down toward the hedge.
She runs through one of the openings
in the hedge, crosses the graveled path,
and, mounting the parapet, looks over to
examine the other side of the wall on
which she stands, after which she com
mences her descent. One little foot she
slips into a convenient hole In it, and then
the other into a hole lower down, and so
on and on, until the six feet of wall are
conquered and she reaches terra firma,
and finds nothing between her and the
desired cpol of the lovely woods.
With a merry heart she plunges Into
ttie dark, sweetly aeented home of the
iriiint trees, with a green, soft pathway The world la Interested In a fight of
uuder her foot, aud, though she knows It canals, with the center of attention dl-
not, her world before tier. rected to Central America, that vexa
it u on entrancing hour. She has ston- ...
ncd short n the middle Tf a broad, green "ous uu,r"w ol ,"uu "
cf encompassed by high hills, though the great American continent. For the
with an opening toward the west, when Arst time in eleven years the Congress
t hi uncomfortable conviction grows clear of the United States Is arranging for
to her that she is lost. She ia not of the the construction of the Isthmian water
nervous order, however, and keeping passage, with forces ranged In two fac-
good heart looks nopeiuny around ner. tlons-oue holding out for the coinple-
Nicaragna Project Most in Favor
There Ia Not Much Difference in Cost
and to the Ordinary Observer the
Natural Advantages Seem to Be
About Kquul PaaaaKe More Quickly
Made by Panama Route Great In'
land Sen tn Nicaragua,
Vera, going quickly forward, moves to
ward an armchair at the upper end of
the room in which a figure is seated. She
sees an old man, shrunken, enfeebled,
with a face that is positively ghastly, be
cause of Its excessive pallor; a living
corpse, save for two eyes that burn aud
gleam and glitter with an almost devilish
"So you've come," he aays, without
making any attempt to rise from his
chair. "Shut that door, will you .' What
vile draught! And don t stand staring
like that, it makes me nervous.
His voice is cold, clear, freezing. It
seems to the tired girls standing before
im as if a breath of icy air had suddenly
fallen into the hot and stifling room.
"Vera. I presume," says .Mr. Dysart,
holding out his lithe white hand to permit
her to press it. "And you are uriseidat
need not ask what luuatic cnose your
it ; i .. .1 : . u
names, as 1 was wen acquuiuieu wuu
vour mother many years ago
"I feel that 1 must tninK you at once,
Uncle Gregory, for your kindness to us,"
says Miss Dysart, gravely, still standing.
"Ay, ay. Xou acKuowieuge mat, says
he, quickly. "I have been your beat
friend, after all, en r
You have given us a Home, continues
Miss Dysart, in tones that tremble a lit
tle. "But for you "
"Yes. ves go on. He thrusts out his
old miserly face as if athirst-for further
words. "But for me you would both
have been cast upon the world's highway,
to live or die as chance dictated. To me,
to me you are indebted for everything.
You owe me mucn. tacn aay you live
you shall owe me more. 1 have befriend
ed yon; I have been the means of saving
you from starvation.
If so corpse-like a face could show signs
of excitement it shows it now, as he seeks
to prove by word and gesture that he w
their benefactor to an unlimited extent.
The hateful emotion he betrays raises in
Griselda's breast feelings of repugnance
"I have consented to adopt you," he
rues on presently, his cold voice now cut
ting like a knire. - out uo tiot expect
much from me. It ia well to come to a
nrnner understanding at the start, and
so save future argument. Honesty has
made me poor. ou have been, 1 hear,
accustomed to lead a useless, luxurious
existence. Your father all nis life kept up
a most extravagant menage, and, dying,
left you paupers." He almost hisses out
the last cruel word.
Griselda starts to her feet.
"The honesty of which you boast is not
everything, she says, in a burning tone,
Let me remind you that courtesy, too,
has its claims upon you.
"Hah! The word pauper is unpleasing,
U seems," says he, unmoved. "Before we
o n it this Doint. however, one last word.
You are beneath my root; l snail expect
you to conform to my rules. 1 see no one,
I permit no one to enter my doors save
my son. 1 will not have people spying
out the nakedness of the land, and specu
lating over what they are pleased to call
my eccentricities, iney will nave me
rich, but I am poor, poor, I tell you. Al
ways remember that."
GViselda's features having settled them
selves into a rather alarming expression,
Miss Dysart hurriedly breaks into the
"If you will permit us," she says, faint
ly, "we should like to go to our rooms, to
It has been a long journey.
Far away over there, In the distance,
stands a figure lightly lined against the
massive trunk of a sycamore, that most
unmistakably declares itself to oe a man.
His back is turned to her, and he is bend
Inir over something, and, so far as she can
judge thus remote from him, his clothing
is considerably tne worse ior wear, a
gamekeeper, perhaps, or a well, some
thing or other ot that sort. At an events
the sight is welcome as the early dew.
iTo be continued.i
tlon of the Panama canal, begun so
long ago by the Frenchman, DeLes
seps, and the other advocating the con
struction of on entirely new passage
through Nicaragua. . -v . v
' With the new Hay-Pauncefote treaty
with England ratified. It will be neces
sary to consummate negotiations with
the Central American States, through
which, or along the border of which,
the chosen route extends. It has been
maintained that a strip of land ten
miles In width along the canal should
be bought, but the constitutions of the
Central American States forbl.lding
It Buna Through a Fertile Valley and
Somehow I had formed the Idea that gucll gai6i tlle only way remaining is
Siberia was. In the main, a mountain- to aCqUire nominal control of the land
ous, broken, barren and even stenie bv treaty. We would then have the
country, covered with forests which rght t0 Ilouce u,e strlp or do anything
opinion, I am Inclined to think, is some- e))je we uieasej with it. It Is a fact
what generally entertained In the west tnat sovereignty of the strip Is not
Nothing could be further from tne iacr, needed. Control Is all that is neces
Of all the surprises met with in my gary-
somewhat extensive travels, Siberia is I while the proposed canal Is to be
the greatest. As a whole, It contains, neutral, the United States will have
perhaps, the largest continuous area tue rgHt t0 cose against an enemy
of level lands on the globe, fcxcepnng tme 0f war tne fact that we guar-
spurs of the great Altai range of antee neutrality not operating against
mountains fringing Its southern Dor- the establishment of fortifications If we
der, and cutting occasionally to some gee at. By a principle of International
distance northward Into Siberia, the iaWi an treaties are abrogated with
entire western half of the country is the country with which we are at war,
exceptional level, almost to flatness. The new treaty which replaces the
It would .uit be far from the fact to ciayton-Bulwer treaty with England
say that for 2,000 miles east of the provides that the United States shall
Ural mountains, and extending to the do all the work of building the canal,
Arctic sea, Siberia Is almost as level assume the responsibility of safeguard-
as tue ocean. In over 1,060 miles I do tng It and regulate Its use by all na
not believe the grade of the railroad tions on terms of equality witnout tue
varied 300 feet, and In many places It
Is as straight as an arrow, without the
slightest curve, for forty or fifty miles.
Indeed, there Is one stretch of perfectly
straight road for 110 versts, or nearly
Along the whole line there Is the
most luxurious growth of grass I have
seen In any country. There are many
varieties, some like the native blue
stem of the Went, and one variety that
In appearance seemed closely allied to
the Kentucky blue grass. Judging
from the superb condition of the ani
mals that graze upon them, they must
all be of the most nutritious nature; It
ia, therefore, not only one of the finest,
but by far the largest grazing region
In existence. If fully utilized, I believe
Siberia could furnteh the beef supply
for the world.
Although the winters In Siberia are
very coid, they are not especially long
or trying. While the extreme tempera
ture during winter may reach a point
10 to 15 degrees lower than In Ohio or
T'-ts... . . . .. . : ; .
GEO. P. CROVELL,
(Successor to E. I.. Smlih,
Oldest EsWbliiihed House in the vliey.
Dry Goods, Groceries,
Boots and Shoes,
Flour and Feed, etc.
This old-esUWislied house wi 1 con
tinue to pay eh for all its goods; it
pavs no rent; It employs a clerk, but
does not have to divide with a partner.
All (iivi'lemls are made with customers
in the wav of reasonable prices.
Arc running their two mills, plsner and box
factury, J can lill orders for
A SECTION OF THE PANAMA CANAL AS IT Al' FEARS TO-DAY.
been proposed and surveyed across the
narrow neck of land connecting tue
American continents. Only two sur
It was In 1843 that a survey was
made of the Panama route for the first
time. A French engineer undertook this
work, but with no Important immediate
results. He was followed not many
years afterward by George M. Totteu,
chief engineer of the Panama Railroad,
who estimated the cost of the construc
tion of the great waterway at $75,000.-
000 to $100,000,000. Subsequently tne
United States government also made a
survey, locating a practicable Hue for
an Interoceanlc ship canal twenty-six
feet In depth from the Bay of Aspln
wall, In the Caribbean sea to Panama
on the Pacific.
Io 1879 Count Ferdinand de Lesseps,
the man best known In connection with
the Panama project,, appealed to the
nations to send delegates to a proposcu
congress In Paris, to discuss the ques
tion of a canal across the Isthmus. On
May 13 of that year, representatives
of twenty-four countries assembled In
the French canltal and on their au
lournment the Universal Interoceanlc
Pnnni r.nmnnnv was orcaulze.t. The
In 1S80 the original Panama company
suspended and the same year the Nic
aragua concession was transferred to
the Maritime Canal Company.
The company dug about three-quarters
of a mile of the canal and deep
ened the harbor at Greytown. Then,
the Nacarnguan government claims, the
concession was forfeited by a dlscon
tlntiance of the work.
The special feature of the Nicaragua
route Is the great Inland sea which
lies In the hollow between the eastern
and western Cordilleras Lake Nicara
gua. This body of water Is forty-live
miles wide, 110 tulles loug aud 112 feet
above sea level.
The plan of the Nicaragua canal
comprises an engineering feat the most
wonderful ever attempted. In the Isth
mian commission's estimate of the time
It will take to construct the canal, six
years are given the building of a dam
across the San Juan river, while two
more will serve to complete the water
way. The San Juan leaves the south
east corner of Lake Nicaragua and
flows almost east Into the Caribbean
sea. The first half of Its length from
the lake Is almost a continuation of
rapids and waterfalls. It Is then Joined
ON SHORT NOTICS.
PROPOSED NICARAGUA ROUTE OF THK CANAL.
Originally, the cost of the Nlcaragunn
canal was placed at $,10,000,000. The
estimates have steadily risen until at
present the figure Is $100,000,000. The
first was for a 10-foot canal of narrow
gauge, whereas the latest plans call for
a cut 33 feet In depth and extending
In places to a width of 130 feet, in
curves a width of 180 feet is called for
and In the harbor at either terminus a
channel of 600 feet wide is projected.
The isthmian canal, except in the two
terminal maritime sections, will be of
fresh water. The draft of ocean steam
ers Is based on salt water weighing 0t
pounds per cubic foot. Some large
freight steamers now draw 32 feet of
sea water and would draw 33 feet of
fresh water. While the government
Is about It, therefore, the expense will
be gone to aud a 3.Vfoot canal built.
The width of 130 feet will allow all
but the largest vessels to pass each
other. Battleships have a greater beam
than other ocean-going vessels of like
displacement. None now In our navy
exceeds in breadth G8 feet, but designs
have been prepared for the nest to lie
constructed with a beam of 7(1 feet 10
Inches. The largest sized vessels nave
been used as a basis for determining
the dimensions of the locks, which
have been fixed at 7-10x84 feet, ir two
monster vessels meet In the canal, one
will have to tie up to the bank, wuiie
the other goes by.
It Is estimated that to complete me
Panama canal will require au expendi
ture of about $145,000,000. In Its pres
ent condition this canal Is vaiuoit at
$40,000,000 and it is probable that all
the Panama company's works, machin
ery and material could be had at this
figure. Its total lengtn is tu.uu "".
gainst 183.00 miles for tne .Mcaiagu.i
line. It would take twelve num.
pass through the Panama ir locus re
constructed; if dug at sea level, but
four hours. A sea level canal cannot
be cut across Nicaragua because of the
great height of the lake. Thirty-three
hours will be required for an average
vessel to go across.
DAVIDSON FRUIT CO.
IGD RIVER'S HUS FRUITS.
PACKERS OP THK
Hood River Brand of Canned Fruits.
Boxes and Fruit Packages
Fertilizers & Agricultural Implements
guarantee of Interference of any other
country. It is this last clause which
rii.-M ii a tim rlirht to fortify"the canal.
generally In latitude 40 degrees in the proDauiy this will never be done, as
United States, still, as the air Is very the mogt effective way to control the
dry and there are no high winds, I canal , tme of war a by means of
have no doubt the winter season can tlle navy. it Is held that If we control
oe passed without especial discomfort, th approaches of the canal, as we
When winter sets 1n, which It docs guan ,j0i t will be all we need,
suddenly, and usually about the 1st of i'he first effect of the canal will be
November, It continues steadily t0 gborten the time from New York to
through about five months, when there San Francisco from Blxty to sixteen
Is as sudden a breakup, ushering In days, thus bringing about a great lu-
peruianently pleasant warm weather, crease In water freight, with a propor-
By those who have the experience, I am tlonate lessening of rates. Further-
linomied that the winters are far more more. It will bring the ocean shipping
agreeable than In other countries, Industry Into close competition witn
-rem a UUie. ll ua utrru . (:,. , ... .i Hi.i.ro.
Her uncle turns and touches the bell wnere uie u-iu.k-iuiuib is uigner aim tne iraiiscuuuucuiui ...,., .
near him, and immediately, so inimedi- j
ately as to suggest the idoa tfiat she has
been applying her ear to the keyhole, a
"You are singularly prompt," he says,
with a lowering glance and a sneer. "This
is Mrs. Crunch," turning to Vera, "my
housekeeper. She will see to your wants.
Crunch, take these young ladies away.
My nerves." with a shudder, "are all un
strung to the last pitch."
Thus unceremoniously dismissed, Miss
Dysart follows the housekeeper from the
room, Griselda having preceded her.
Through the huge dark bull and up the
wide, moldy staircase they follow their
guide, noting as they do so the decay
hat marks everything arounrl.
She flings wide a door for tlTP girls to
enter, and then abruptly departs without
offering them word or glance. They are
thankful to be thus left alone, and in
voluntarily stand still and gaze at each
other. Vera is very pale, aud her breath
is coming rather fitfully from between her
"He looks dying, she says, at last,
sneaking with a heavy sigh, and going
nearer to Griselda, as if unconsciously
seeking a closer companionship. "Did you
ever sec such a face? Don't you think
he is djiugY"
Who can tell? says Unselila. 1
might think it, perhnps, but for his eyes.
They" she shudders "they look as if
they couldn't die. What terrible eyes
they are! and what a vile old man alto
gether! Good heavens! how did he dare
so to insult us! I told you. Vera" with
risina excitement"! warned yon that
our coming here would be only for evil."
A moment later a knock conies to tne
Will you be pleased to come down
stairs or to have your tea acre? ae
mands the harsh voice of .the housekeep
er from the threshold.
Here" is on Vera's lips, but Griselda,
the bold, circumvents her.
"Down stairs," she says, coldly, "when
w act some hot water, and when you
send a maid to help us to unpack our
"There are no maid in this house.
replies Mrs. Crunch, suflenly. "You must
either attend to each other or let me fcelp
"No maids!" says Griselda.
"And nil room? Oh is Wis mine, or
"Both yours and Miss D.vsart's: sorry
if it ain't bia enoiiKh." with a derisive
glance round the huge, bare chsCber.
"You mean, we art to have but one
room between n?"
"Just that. miss. Neither more nor
less. And good enough, too, for those
"Ieave the room." says Griselda. with
a sudden, sharp intonation, so unexpect
ed, to withering, that the woman, after
a surprised stare, turns and withdraws.
A few days later the girls are tittini
in the tardea. It is a beautiful aay
more violent changes occur. The rain- duclng rates all around. Even now It
fall in summer Is seasonable and Is cheaper to ship Imperishable goods
niimnbint. bv water. Loads of freight daily come
It Is easy to see what a magical into New York from points west of the
(mnsfi.rtiiHtlon must take nlace In this Alleghenles to go out In the coasting
creat region, even if slowly, under the vessels around Cape Horn and up the
other side to San Francisco.
Influence of an extended railway sys
tem. It is all the more easily Imagined
by one who haa already seen in his own
country an object lesson of a similar
character. I doubt If the Russians
fully realize to what an extent tholr
great enterprise Is going to modify
their economic, aud, perhaps, social
Xo a Poet.
To learn poetry "for repetition" it
doubtless a means of cultivating a
knowledge of literature, but schoolboys
sometimes regard the authors of poems
learned as taskmasters and personal
enemies. This view Is amusingly ex
pressed In a letter which was found
among the pajiers of the venerable
German poet Gelbel. It was written
to him by some schoolboys of Lubeck,
and Is signed "Karl Beekmann, II.
Klasse." Tbe letter Is printed In Lit
erature. After stating tnat two noys
had been flogged because they could
not learn Herr Geibel's "Hope of
Soring." the letter reads as follows:
We suppose you did not tmuk or sucn Another result win ue an increase in
things when you wrote the poem. The the volume of trade. There will be
Herr Lehrer says It Is a very beautiful enough for ootn vessels ana raurouus.
poem, but there are so many very beau- Still another and very Important effect
tlful poems and we are obliged to learn will be note I In the Central American
- . . c . .. . ,m. a A.,.,,t.,, n 1. n imnfll
thom Therefore we oca auu euireai emira. .u,.iiriiu m mc
will draw American capital into mese
countries, which have hitherto been al
most constantly at war among them
selves. A demand for protection will
oe created and the official presence of
the United States would act a
wholesale restraint on our hot-blooded
southern neighbors. It Uj possible that
the canal will In time bring about
commercial union of Central America,
i protectorate of the United
DO If LOV18 COREA.
Kirannu&n Miuiiter to the tnited Sutet.
you, eateemed Herr Gelbel, make no
more beautiful poems. And to make
It worse we have to learn the biog
raphy of every poet, what year he wai
born In, aud what year he died In. We
write to you because you are the only
poet still living, and we wish you a
very long life.
If you want to enjoy a new sensation.
tell a man rou have heard something under
about him. He will think It is some- States, a result which would be of the
thlug mean, of course, for a man never greatest beuetit to the whole western
hmra anvthlue else. Then tell hlui hemisphere.
something pleasant. He will glow like Finally, tbe construction of the canal
a school boy, and both of you will feel will give us an Immense advantage in
better all day. Don't tell people the trade with South Xmerlca. At present
mean things you hear about them. Germany and England each beats ns In
That Is Inexcusable. Atchison Globe.
Senator Mark Hauna wears as a
watch charm a gold nugget which is
worth several hundred dollars. It was
presented to him by a number of Meth
odist friends who reside in Cleveland,
A veneer for shoe pegs brought In
$250,000; the drive well I a simple con
trivance, but brought Ita Inventor
$3,000,000 In royalties.
that direction. Altogether, It is belief
ed that tbe Isthmian canal will prove
to be a greater stimulus to trade than
my other one thing which could be
accomplished, whether It be d,-lded to
finish tbe old Panama canal or estab
lish an entirely new waterway by tbe
Fourteen Tiiwe arvejre4.
Since the conception of tbe project
of a canal across the Isthmus of Pan
ama, no les than fourteen routes bav
disasters attending this company, with
Its record of the greatest steals In the
history oMhe world and its attendant
numerous suicides, are still rresii m
the public mind and need no recapitu
lation here. The company, however. Is
not dead, though they have tried in
vain to raise the $150,000,000 necessary
to complete the canal. The collapse of
the company awoke the strongest pub
lic prejudice against the route and it
Is Indeed remarkable that In the many
points to be considered and lu an un
dertaking so gigantic the two routes
are such close rivals.
It Is not generally known that work
on the Panama canal was resumed !n
1895, and has been continued to this
day. In order to save some of the
$200,000,000 De Lesseps' company
spent, and to retain the valuable con
cessions granted It, the receivers or
ganized a new company. The stock was
purchased by members of the original
company, who hoped by further sub
scribing to save a part of their original
Investments. Thirteen million dollars
was all, however, they were willing
to Invest, and this only eleven days be
fore the expiration of the original con
cession. An exteusiou of the conces
sion to 1910 was secured. The new
company did not waste the thirteen
millions In mere show on sort ground,
but. In contrast to Its predecessors,
made every dollar tell, In the hope or
retrieving lost confldeuce, or, falling to
secure further investments, to make
the partly built canal so much more
valuable when the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty should be abrogated, so that the
attention of the United States could
There Is little native labor to be had
on the Isthmus. The climate Is not con
ducive to activity and the natives are
ivsi-m tn labor constitutionally. Tbe
old Panama company Imported thou
sands of Chinese, but they proved to
be poor workmen, especially when con
sidering the expense Incurred m rnna
portlng them from China. Tbe new
company, placing a bond guaranteeing
the safe return of those of her subjects
who should desire It was allowed by
Great Britain to bring In 4,000 negroes
from Jamaica. This number has dwin
dled, through death, desertion and oth
er causes, to about balf the original
Nearly Half Completed.
According to tne original designs and
specifications, the Panama canal ia now
Just 40 per cent couipletea. lbe At-1
lantic side la open to a distance or
thirteen miles, the excavation varying
In depth from 16 to 2tH feet This has
been filled In to certain extent by silt 1
deposits from the Chagres river. In the
be4 of which the canal part way lies.
On theoFaclflc side a length of about
three miles ia cut to a depth of 0 to
2G feet In Panama bay a channel has
been dredged to deep water and a cut
through the Cordilleras has been ac-;
complished to a depth of 100 feet I
It was In 1S30-1832 that the Wuslt
company, which then controlled all
t.-anslstbmlan traffic, bad the Nicara
gua route surveyed and twenty years
later a commission went over the line
for the United State. When the Pan
ma acandals began. Mr. A. G. Mlno
cat, who was a member of that com
mission, obtained a concession from
Nicaragua and tbe Nicaragua Canal
Construction Company was organized.
by the Bio San Carlos and its size
doubled. Two miles above this junction
Is the site of the great dam. The Sun
Juan In its uormal state has a flow
of 20,000 cubic feet per second, but iu
the rainy season It sometimes mounts
to 200.000. To hold back this flood with
n dam 150 feet high, and thereby raise
the waters of the San Juan to the level
of the lake, Is the project
The Hue of the Nlcaragunn canal be
gins at the Caribbean sea near Grey-
town. Taking a Southeasterly direc
tion. It passes to the north of a rane
of hills known as the SUlcos and thence
southerly to a point about a mile from
the San Juan river. Following the riv
er and at a safe distance from It, the
course continues to the dam, where th
canal enters the river an 1 follows It
Into the lake. Crossing the lake In a
northwesterly direction, the mouth of
the Uio Las Lngas is entered. This
stream is followed but a short dlstnnce
when the canal crosses the continental
divide Into the valley of the Bio
Grande and thence to Brito, the Pa
The summit level from the contl
nental divide across the lake and alon
the San Juan to the great daui-wlll be
nearly 130 miles long. Besides the pur
pose of a long stretch for speed, this
extended level so high above the sea Is
to control the lake's level. It now
fluctuates some thirteen feet. Under
control it will not vary six.
It hns been the general opinion that
there Is quite a difference between the
mean levels of the two oceans. This
Idea is an erroneous one, for they are
about the same. There Is a difference
In tidal ranges, however, the Pacific
rising eight feet and the Atlantic but
one foot Five locks one of 'M feet
and four of 18V4 feet each, will be re
quired to raise the vessels from the
Caribbean to the level of the lake.
while four of 2,s feet each will be
necessary on the Pacific side.
THE REGULATOR LINE.
Dalles, Portland & Astoria
COMMENCING JAN. 1. H'02,
And continuing nntil March 1, 1902,
this company will have but one steamer
running between The Dalles and Port
land; leaving The Dalles Monday,
Wednesday and Friday, aud Portland
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
TRUE DAUGHTER OF CALIFORNIA.
One Wanted Recruits for the
"Hunted Limit liritfiidc."
Western gllrs are chnrniliig," said
a young man who accompanied the
Presidential party ou the late President
McKinley's Western trip, "but some
times their hospitality declares ilself In
disquieting ways. Out In Los Angeles
met the prettiest girl I've seen in
years. We were walking In that uieaiu;
like park of the town, Westlaue, wtien
she suddenly stopped and looked at me.
Then, iu that brisk way estem gli w
have, she said:
Isn't there something the matter
I didn't kuow whether It was my hat
or my tie.
"'I dou't know,' I said. 'Is there
" 'Haven't you a cough?' she asked.
" 'No,' I answered, getting worried.
"'Didn't you ever have bronchltla.
or short breath, or a stitch In your side;
or pleurisy, or pneumonia, or anything
like thnt?' she went on.
"I had to 'fess up thnt I hadn't.
" Tm sorry,' she said, plaintively,
hoped you bad.'
"I Just gasped and she continued:
" 'For If you had, you know, you
could stay out here and Join the B. L.
' 'What on earth Is thnt?' I asked.
" 'Why, the "Busted Lung Brigade."
Lots of the loveliest men belong to It
I'm so sorry you can't, but (and she
brightened visibly) perhaps you will
be consumptive after awhile.
"That's a Western girl's way of be
ing agreeable," said the young man, ac
cording to the New York Times, "but
It struck me as a bit ghoulish."
Regulator, Dalles City, Reliance.
WHITE COLLAR LINE.
The Dalles-Portland Route
Sir. " Tahoma,"
Belwnn Portland, The Dalles and War Points
Leaven Portland Monilava, Wednesdays and
Fridnya at 7 a. in. Arrives The liHlles, siima
day, 6 p. m.
leaves 1 tie italics mesnaya, inurenayi aim
Bniurilaya, 7 a. in. Arrives fgrlland.naiueiliiv,
4 p. in.
Thin route has the izrandcst scenic attractloai
Str. "Bailey GatzeH,"
Daily Round Trips, except Sunday,
Leave Portland...? a.m. 1 Leave Astoria...:. 7 a.m.
Landing and oftirc. lmt id Alder street. Both
phonea, Main &1, Portland, Or.
E. W. CRU'HTON, Agent, Portland.
JOHN M. F1I.I.OO.N, AKi-nt. The Dalles.
A. J. TAYLOK, Axent, Astoria.
J. (', WYATT, -cent, Vancouver.
WOLKOKD & w YKKH, Aula., White Salmon.
K. B. U1LBKETH, Agent, Lyle, Wash.
PRATHER & HEMMAN,
Agouts at Hood River
AND Union Pacific
New Cure for Consumptives.
A doctor has written to the London
Times suggesting the running of motor
cars at a speed fully up to the legal
limit as a means of administering the
open-air treatment to consumptive.
Dbiu TIME SCHEDULES ..,.,
From Hops 8lr.
alt Lake, Denver,
Chlcairo Ft. W orth.Omaha, Portland
special KaiiKa ty, St. Hpeclal
11:25 a.m. Loiii,(:liicuond 2:06 p.m.
Walla Walla Uwli
Bpnkans ton.spiiliane.Miii- Portland
Flyer neainiils.si. Paul, Fijrar
1:0 p.m. Duliilh. Milwaii- 4:IOa,a.
1 fialt Lake, Denver,
Mall and Ft. Wortli.Omaha, Mall ana
Express Kama City, St. F.lpreas
11:42p.m. liuis.t'alcacoaud ft.42a.nv
OCEAN AND RIVER SCHEDULE
tttlp.m. All sailing dales 4:09 p . sa
subject to chauge
I' for Ran Francisco
ball every 4 daya
I Pally CalmeUa Mtr 400 p.m.
tTi. Sunday iteasws. Ex. Sunday
i s ou p.m.
Saturday To Astoria and War
I U):uu p. m. landings.
:4S.m. Mlilaantre llnr. 4:S0p. m.
a.i. Sunday Oregon Citjf. New.' Mi. Sunday
berg, Salem, Inda-
rmdence 41 Marl
I 7 O0a m. Wlllams'te and Ya- I 0 p. ra.
' Tufs., Thur. kill llnra. Hon , Wat
and Bat. and Frt.
Oregon City, Day.
ion . ii W aj Laad-
I ( 46s. ni. Mlllamtte II Mr. 4 Mp.m.
Tne., Thur Hon., Wod.
i aud SL Portland to Cora. and FiL
lis Way Uuid
' tw. RlparU Shasi Rivgg. Lv.Lewlstaa
) am. RipuUMLewistoB' tarn.
I daSTj I L J111
MCARAGUAS EXlilXtKUS FINDIXU K1VEH LEVELS.
For low rates and other Information writ it)
A. L. CRAIG,
Pajtnger Ageut. Portland, Or.
t BlOa, gi. Il4 Ktvar. -