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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 29, 1897)
3oed Piyer Slacier.
FRIDAY. JANUARY 22, 1S97.
The member of the Hood Rive"
Fruit Growers' Union eeein to 1 In
about ihe same situation as our state
legislature at Salem. They are pulling
apart and doing a good deal of talking
that so fur has not helped much to
wards adjusting their difficulties. Like
the legixlattire, the tight just at present
1h over the offices. The union has been
organized now four years. The first
year, without previous experience, and
before our !ommunity could ship straw
berries in ciuload lots, our union un
fortunately shipped too many berries
to Montunn markets, and prices de
clined below it paying basis. Next
year crtiie the flood, and our crop
rotted on the vines for the want of
transiortaiion facilities through the
) w8of the railroad. For the past two
years we have been able to ship in car
ioad lots, and after shipments to Mon
tana from other points becume too
heavy to hold up prices, our berries
were shipped East. Tha growers who
nhip outside of the union generally
have very early berries, and the bulk
of their ahipments are made before
Walla Walla, Milton and other prints
come In with heavy shipments to com
pete. To an outsider it looks like our
union had been well managed from
the fact that prices received by It av
eraged letter than prices received by
opposition shippers operating along
nide for the past two years. Last year's
crop, the heaviest and about the latest
in ripening of any ever marketed from
here, averaged to union shippers $1.89
per crate, . being an advance over the
prices of the previous year. This com
ing season promises a larger crop than
ever. . If we have a good season, the
number of crateB shipped will probably
double the number shipped lust year
from Hood River. - Our largest grow
ers each .and everyone of them, no
doubt feel that this year they will
have a good deal at stake, and every
one naturally is interested in getting
members elected on the bourd of direct
ors itl whom he has confidence, if he
wm't be elected himself. ' January Oth,
the stockholders held their annual
meeting and elected a board of direct
ors consisting of three members. It is
now claimed that 60 shares of stock
were voted at the meeting which had
never been sold, at least not in accord
ance with the by-laws of the incorpo
rated union. A petition to the former
president of the union,' setting forth
that the proceedings of the meeting
held January 9th were irregular and
Illegal, and calling for another meet
ing, was granted, and the former pres
ident has called a meeting of the stock
holders for next .Monday. In the
meantime the board elected' January
Oth is at work, holding meetings and
transacting business, and the new
president has culled a meeting of all
fruit growers to assemble tomorrow "to
receive various statements of facts re
lating to past operations of the union
and its officers and to discuss live top
' ics of present interest to all." We do
not know the cauve of all tills dissen
sion among the mem Iters of the Hood
River Fruit Growers' Union. . We
know that it exists, and can only re
gret that such is the case. - It is a most
serious matter for our fruit growers,
and it is to be hoped that the members
of the union wjll get together and quit
acting like a lot of Oregon legislators
It is 'well known that our fruit union
has its enemies, and will continue to
have its enemies no matter who is its
manager, and who knows hut they are
interested in sowing the seeds of dis
cord. The Hood River Fruit Growers'
Union is composed of our best citizens,
and U should not be a hard mutter for
them to harmonize and pull together
Al should attend the meeting called
for tomorrow and again on next Mon
day, and see that wise counsel prevails.
A bill has been Introduced in the
Washington legislature providing that
all sheep ' coming into or passing
through that state from an adjoining
state shall be quarantined for a period
or 60 days. The bill isevideutly aimed
at Oregon sheep, which are driven to
Ihe neighborhood of Mt. Adam's for
Hummer . pasturage. - The ravages of
sheep in the vicinity of Trout Lake are
said to be spoiling a line stock und
dairy country, and who can blame the
people of that part of the country for
trying to protect their homes? Who
has the best right to the pasturage of
.that country, the settlers or the sheep
men living 100 or 200 miles away, in
another state? With government , re
nerves and laws against invading other
states with bands of sheep, sheep men
will begin to think this not a very
good country for sheep. In the East
ern states farmers find it profitable to
keep sheep to fertilize worn out lund,
and incidentally, the wool clip and
mutton help out the farmer's income.
There, also, the farmer pustures his
llocks on his own land, and in winter
shelters and feeds them and cares for
them through the lambing season.
Hero a man may own thousands of
sheep and not possess an acre of land.
His llocks pasture on government laud
in the summer, often limes to the detri
ment of outlying settlements, and du
ring a hard winter the owner whose
flock i are not diminished one-half by
exposure to the elements and hunger
considers-, himself fortunate. In lamb- j
ing time, if It happens to be a wet und
stormy spring, not one-half the young
are saved from perishing on tiie bleak
and storm swept prairies. . And yet
sheepmen have the effiontery t ask
for a high tariff' on wool to protect
them in their grasping and merciless
Senator John Michell has introduced
a bill In the Oregon senate providing
for the construction of a portage rail
way around the dalles of the Columbia,
from Celilo to The Dalles. The bill ap
propriates $195,000. If the state' un
dertakes to build the portage road it
will be built, as was the case with the
portage road at the Cascades. If the
general government constructs a ship
railway, no one knows when it will be
completed. The government work at
the Cascades was over twenty years in
building, while competent engineers
have stated that it could have been ac
complished in something like two years.
Reminiscences of the Cay use War.
. (Continued from last week.)
DEATH OF CHIEF PEPE MUX-MUi.
Next morning, when we started on
the march, myself and guard were kept
in charge of the prisoners. Before we
left camp I could hearthe rifles popping
around the bend. The advance guard
were properly in! it. As we marched
up the road,, our position with the pris
oners was about the center of the col
umn, then followed the wagon train,
and then the rear guard. We could
see the boys running along the hill
sides and hear them shooting all day
long, and I did want to be with them.
As we rode along I noticed Ab Ad
dlngton sitting bv the roadside, lean
ing on his elbows. I said, "Ab, are
you badly hurt?" "No, only shot
through the hp,'' he replied, "but
those sons of b s have got my race
mare." Ab's mare had run away with
him and run clean through the main
line of Indians. After being -shot
through the hip; lie fell off, and as the
Indians passed him they tried to shoot
him, but being too closely pressed by
our boys, they would stick their guns
in his face and before they could pull
the trigger would be past their mark
and the bullets ' would w histle to one
side of his face. The skin was pulled
off his face and head in several places
wheethe muzzles of the guns had
struck him. Ab was a Linn county
boy. Next, I saw a dead Indian lying
on the hill side.' I pointed him out to
old Pepe, who shook his head. Then
Lieut. Ben Hardin Cume riding back
on a big iron-gray horse. The horse
hud teen shot In the withers, and the
blood streaming down on the white
horse looked bad. Old Pepe shook" his
head again. ' Nat Olney came along,
going to. .the .front. He suid things
were getting hot as hell on ahead. Old
Pepe asked me if Olney was good and
smiled when I told him be was.
As we rode along, one of the Indians
told Keith and I that he-was a Nez
Perces, 15 years old; that lie had Come
down after some horses, but the (Jay-
uses would not let him return home.
About 2 o'clock in the afternoon we
stopped at a Frenchman's place by the
name of Ha mo. As we rode up we saw
five of our men lying in a row on their
bucks, all fine looking men. ' We rec
ognized Henry Crow of Albany, Lieut.
Burroughs of Linn county and Capt.
Bennett. Neul McFarlane was stand
ing by a fence, and just as he raised his
gun to shoot at an Indian down in the
creek bottom, bung went the Indian's
gun, the bullet knocking off the tube
and hammer from Mc.'a gun.
. The officers were all out in the fight.
I saw Olney coming along and said to
him, "Olney; what shall I do with
these prisoners?" He said: "lie the
sous, of b s and put them in the
house." I then ordered the men to
take them off and tie them. Old Pepe
said, "No tie men; tie dogs and horses."
The boys pulled them off' their horses
and commenced to tie them. Chain
poeg Jim drew a knife and cut old Ike
Miller In the arm. Then all com
uienced to fight and rare, and some
one grabbed a gu u and shot old Jim;
and soon there were eight or ten guns
going bang, bung, bang! Down they
all went," except the 15-year-old boy,
who was climbing up my stirrup leath
er. The crowd made a rush at the boy,
who held to me, and the excited men
pointed their guns towards him. I
told Keith to not let them shoot the
boy, and he pushed their guns to one
side and two or three of them were dis
charged by my side. Finally we got
them quieted to a stand still, when I
told them that the boy was a Nez
Perces Indian with a Cayuse mother.
When all was quiet and settled, I told
the boy to stay there with the cooks
and not try to ruu off, and he would
be all right. ' Olney had got about 100
yards off when he heard the shooting.
He came buck, and as he rode, up lie
drew his revolver and fired a shot into
old Pepe und said: "You old rascal!
I am satisfied now." Old Pepe had
tried the same beef game to murder
Olney, about six weeks before, but
some one of the Indians had posted
him. '''. 1 .
1 then galloped up the road to Join
the boys lu Ihe tight, and would have
rode right onto the Indians, but John
Asheroft jumped out of a fence corner
and called me baik. The boys had
come to a stand, and all were hid
ing behind anything (hut would afford
shelter.- The line extended from the
Wallula rrVer across the flat and up
Into the bunch grass hills, something
near a mile long, with a steady rattle
of firearms on both sides. I went out
to the foothills, dismounted and went
to shooting; but the distance we were
shooting was too far to do much execu
tion. I noticed un Indian who would
swing his blanket by a corner while he
rode in a circle and halloed to tantal
ize us. I tried him two shots, but
missed. The third shot I elevated, and
at the crack of my old gun he nearly
fell off his horse, but hung to the sad
dle. Some of Ihe others ran to him
and led his horse behind a hill,
z Night coming on, we went to camp
in the Frenchman's field of a'bout eight
acres. While the cooks were prepar
ing suppej and all of us hungry us
wolves, with bright fires burning,
bang! went a gun outside the field,
about 150 yurdsoff. Orders werequick
ly given to put out the fires, and in
about a minute every spark was ex
tinguished. We threw all the water
we had in camp on the fires, and the
cooks even emptied the coffee kettles.
Every mail then went to the fence cor
ners, where we laid till morning; some
slept while others kept on guard. I
have learned-since that the Indians
were in great numbers, crawling
through the sage brush; and intended
to fire on us and then make a grand
charge; but a gun we nt off accidentally,
which stopped them, and when they
saw our fires go out they changed their
When morning came our officers
wanted to start for. our fort on the
Umatilla with the whole command;
they thought there was too many In
dians for us, and our ammunition was
running low. But Olney told them if
we ever started to retreat Ihe Indians
would, cut us to pieces. He cluirned
that we were well enough fortified
where we were and had Ramo's house
for u hospital. Old Mountain Robin
son was given Pepe's black horse and
started, with anoiher man, for The
Dalles, via Umatilla, to hurry up rem
forcementp. All old Oregoifians will
remember Robinson, who lived on
what is now known as Robinson's Hill
in Portland. On his way down he
met several companies that hud been
to Yakima and returned to The Dalles
und were then on their way to help us.
But more ubout them hereafter.
Afier having breakfast we started for
the buttle ground, about half u mile
from camp. The Indians managed to
get the advantage of the ground every
morning, and we would have, to do
some hard fighting to get a good posi
tion. The battle raged fiercely all day,
and about 3 o'clock in the afternoon we
were within 50 yards of the Indians.
The Indians opposing Co. B were-ctfi
one side of a hill and our company
on ihe other. When one of us would
rise-up with gun to our face; there
would be an Indian standing on the
other side of the bill with his gun; to
his face, and if he was about ready to
shoot we would drop and heur the bul
lets whiz over our heads. One of the
boys proposed that if any one killed an
Indian we would charge on them and
get histcalp. Just then Hank Hum
phrey tired his gun, and as he dropped
to load, he suid: "A me, there's one!
right there." I raised up and saw un
Indian jolting his gun to get ihe pow
der in the tube. I quickly fired, and
he was my Injun. I then called out,
"I've got liim, boys; charge!" Over
the hill the boys went, yelling and
shooting, with the Indians running
like the devil was after them. I soon
came up to my Indian, who was try
ing to get up. Catching him by the
hair, I pulled him over and cut his
throat, I then scalped him, took his
powder horn and blanket and was try
ing to get his leggings, which were
beaded and very pretty, but seemed to
be sewed on. 'Ihe Indians made it so
hot for me I had to leave the leggings.
There must have been 100 shots fired
at me, and the bullets kept striking the
ground at my feet and filled my eyes
with dust. Our company had got too
fur in advance of the line of battle, and
the Indians had a cross fire on us and
their bullets came from three sides.
As ihe boys came running back by me
I grabbed the powder horn und blan
ket and followed. I didn't want the
leggings us badly as I thought I did.
We fought ou till dark and then
started for camp. - On our way we
found two or three rifle pits that hud
been dug by our boys ab.iut 4 feet' long
by 1J feet deep. . Joe Pulp and I got
into one and waited tor the Indians
who were following to come up. The
company went on, while we waited till
after dark. , We could distinguish a
gang of Indians coming, und letting
them get within about 100 yards, we
tired our guns ut them and then run
ftlll we caught up with the other boys.
All that day there was steady firing ull
along the line.' When we could see
them carryiug off dead and wounded
we would yell and muke fun of them,
and they would do the same when they
saw our dead and wounded bein cur
ried off. -
When we got to camp the little Nez
Perces Indian came to me and shook
hands. I showed him the scalp, and
the blanket with a bullet hole in it.
He laughed, while he examined them
closely. During the day he hud told
Col. Kelly that Gov. Stevens wus com
ing back from the head of the Mis
souil river; that he had pas-ed through
therein June, going up country with
lotsof.meu und puck animals.. The
boy tuid it had been planned by the
Indians to ferry about one-hulf the
crowd over the river and then murder
them all. The boy also said it was
about' lime for Stevens and his com
mand to leach the river. That same
night Col. Kelley started Ihe boy with
a letter to take to Gov. Stevens,' and
next morning nearly every man in
camp was swearing at Col. Kelly for
sending out a hostile Indian, claiming
that he would give us all awav. I of
fered to bet the boy would go to Gov.
, In the morning we went again to the
battle ground and found the Indians in
the line pits, and it was some time be
fore we got them out. A man named
Sheppard got shot in the arm; a Ger
man was shot, in the nose; several of
the boys got bullet holes through their
clothing. Freling Choate got three
shots through bis coat one bullet went
through his tin cup on his belt, and
striking his pocket book, opened it at
the catch, one-half the bullet stopping
there, the other going on.
(Continued next week.)
' The Strawberry Business.
Hood River, Jan. 19, 1897. Editor
Glacier: As I am one of the "inde
pendent shippers" referred to by Mr.
Davidson in his report published in
your paper January 15th, I ask the
privilege of replying and at the same
time asking a few questions which I
consider pertinent to the occasion.
I am, glad to see that some of the
berry growers of Hood River have dis
covered that there is a material differ
ence between corporation and co-operation
in marketing our berries. In Mr.
Davidson's report he says: "If the
shippers are one class of people and the
growers another class, it will benefit
the shipper to secure as large profits as
possible, and even more than profits,
if it can be done and at the same time
hold the confidence of the growers."
This, I think, is a fact that bus been
verified for the. last four years, by work
of the Hood River Fruit Growers'
Union.- 1 would like to know how a
person wifcli only three acres of straw
heriiescau hold und Vote 20 shares of
slock on a co-operative pliln?. How
was it that indications were that prices
would rule low until the Oregon Fruit
Union offered to buy for cash at fair
prices, when all indications were that
berries were worth more than the price
offered by the Oregon Fruit Union?
Was it good -co-operative bNsiness pol
icy to sell the Oregon Fruit Union 100
crates of berric, and then ship a few
crates to the same market to be sold at
prices 'that would cause the Oregon
Fruit Union to suffer a loss on the 100
crates? Vould this have a tendency
hold prices up or down? Who would
naturally loss in : the end by such a
nrocedure. the growers or Ihe shipping
people? The growers hud the bulk of
iryir berries yet to marKet wnen mis
Mr. Davidson was very good to
avoid glutting Montana markets, but,
as an independent shipper, . I know
several things to the contrary; yes, for
the last four years I have been learning
to the contrary, but I believe that last
year was the 'first that shippers low
ered prices in Montana. This coupled
with a gfut, let the market rise 50c to
75e per crate! I, as one of several in
dependent shipperp, know that four
years ago every large market in Mon
tana was in turn glutted by the Hood
River Fruit Growers' Union; also, in
dependent shippers did not ship to
houses that were receiving consign
ments "from the Hood River Fruit
Growers' Union, but the union did
ship vice versa. To the best of my
knowledge, the Independent shippers
have not glutted any market, neither
have they lowered prices nor shipped
stock tliat would tend to lower prices
to any market, and they ship enough
to glut the Montana markets if they
would do as the Hood River Fruit
Growers' Union did unload daily for
two or three davs in one market; but
this is not their way of holding prices
up. I do not write these tacts as detri
mental to co operation, but to show re
sults of Individual corporation, realiz
ing that prices have been much lower
in Montana since the Hood River
Fruit Growers' Union commenced op
erating, and hoping that growers will
be permitted in the near future to co
The empty assertion of Hood River,
first, last and all the time (provided
"you take my snuff"), has not nor will
not pan out for berry growers. I think
that when the time comes we will have
co-operation for a fact in place of the
empty name; we will pet unity, or
nearly so, of action. Growers are en
titled to and should demand a state
ment of account sales for every ship
ment, and check or cash to balance
same at once on receipt of same by the
union, and not wait 30, 60 or 00 days,
as the case may lie; for their money;
and in the meantime to graciously re
ceive small loans to enable them to
pay pickers, when at 'the same time
someone has their money. I for one
would hate to be compelled to borrow
money that, belongs to me.
I consider the same causes that make
local unions imperative would call for
a union of the several unions of the
Northwest. All must realize that a
glut of local shipments is bad, but it. is
proportionately worse when the glut is
of car lots from unions. Let growers
meet and look straight at the condi
tions that do exist, as we have use for
every dollar there is in the berry. busi
ness. And as the dollar is unbiased,
let us meet In the same way.
. N. C.Evans.-
WANTED SEVERAL FAITHFUL MEN
or women to travel for responsible estab
lished house In Oregon. Salary S780,payable15
weekly and expenses. Position permanent.
HeferBnee. Enclose self-addressed stamped en
velope. The National. Star Building.Chicago.
V NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION.
Land Office at Vancouver, Wash., Jan. 15,
1897. Notice Is hereby given that the follow-inir-named
settler has tiled notice of his inten
tion to make final proof in support of his
claim, and that said proof will be made before
C. G. Green, Clerk Superior Court for Skama
nia county, Wash., at Stevenson, Wash., on
March 2, 1897, viz: .
H. E. No. T70S, for the southwest section 11,
township 3 north, range 10 east, W. M.
lie niunos the following witnesses to prove
his continuous residence, upon and cultiva
tion of, suid land, viz:
HenrvKellcndnnk, Ifarry Olsen, Amos Un
derwood and John Darke, all of Hood Kiver,
Oregon. GEO, H. STEVENSON,
Have You Tried
28 or 30c.
1 os. 2 OB. 4 ns. 1 pint.
10c 13c ' 2So 81 00
10 15 25 1 00
... 10 15 ia 1 00
10 .15 25 1 00
10 . 15 25 '. 1 00
10 t 15 . 25 ' 1 00
10 15 25 I 00
10 15 25 I 00
10 15 25 1 00
10 15 25 1 00
Successor to. E. L. Smith Oldest Established House in the valley .J
DEALER IN .
3Dr3T Qoods, Clot3aLl3a.gr,
' ' AND'-" -'.','"' 'ry
Flour, Feed, Etc., Etc. ; '
HOOD RIVER, - - - - OREGON
WOLFARD fe BONE,
- '' DEALERS IX ..
Q-eaa-eraJ. !. .-Ierclaaa.dLise,
' Sell only for CA&H at
: We Invite trade
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND
Choice Fresh Meats,
Hams, Bacon, Lard, .
And All Kinds of Game.
- ALSO, DEALERS IN
HOOD RIVER, - - - -
s. el. oa rtmess
UNDERTAKER AND EMB AL MER nrA udunung 1 VatoriSu1!
Wall Paper, Paint, Oils, etc., etc. Agent for the Bridal Veil Lumber Company.
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164-165 Washington Chicasro. HI.
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heads and spears. Also, all
other tine Indian relics of
stone. Oood prices paid for
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01 best specimens. Stone pipes wanled. Ad
dress u. tr. Hamilton, i wo tvivers, w is. m.
Ripans Tabules: at druggists. .
Rlpans Tabules cure dizziness. -Ripans
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Ripans Tabules: one gives reliet.
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i . -..,
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! ... i . -
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- - - - -
Notice Is hereby jlven that the undersigned
has been appointed Administratrix of the es- I
tuteof David K. Ordway, deceased, and has
duly qualified as such. All persons having
claims agatnst said estate are therefore noti- "
fled to present the same to her, properly ver
ified, within six months from the date hereof,
at the office of the county clerk of Wasco
county, Oregon, or at the office of her attor
ney, .1. H. Cradlebaugh, In The Dalles Chron
icle building, at The Palles, Oregon.
Dated this 21th dav of December, A. D., 189.
FANNIE A. KENNEDY
Administratrix of the estate of David JK. Ord
way deceased. d25f5
To Lease on Shares.
Five acres of No. 1 strawberry land to lease
on shares for a term of Ave years. Land
plowed, harrowed, leveled ready for planting
In spring; with refusal of five acres more in
rpring of 18M7. Plenty water free. Keference
sequired. Anply at this ofllce. nU7
cure bad breath.