Hood River Glacier. It's a Cold Day When We Get Left. VOL. 6. HOOD RIVER, OREGON, SATURDAY. APRIL 27, 1895. NO. 48. The 2Keed liver Slacier. . . - PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNINO BT S. F. BLYTHE, Publisher. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE. One year fl M Six months 1 00 Three monthi " 10 siiKie copy.. lou GRANT jEVANS. ROBT. HUSBANDS. THE GLACIER BARBERSHOP, l Second St., Near Oak, Hood River, Or. EVANS 4 HUSBANDS, Proprietors. Shaving and hair-cutting neatly done. Satis faction guaranteed. INTO THE JOHN DAY REGION Talk of Railroad Construction In East- - era Oregon. Pendleton, Or., April 34. An offi cial of the Washington & Columbia River Railway Company said to an Associated Press correspondent that the company is contemplating extending . the road during the present season. One plan is to build from Dayton to Grain City, on the Snake river, where a productive country would be tapped; another plan, and one thought to be the most likely to go through, is to con struct a new line from Pendleton to Camas prairie and the John Day re gion. The John Day line proposed would be at first built about 100 miles from Pendleton, in a direction a little west of south, and would involve even tually construction through to Califor nia, ooming into that state at the head of the Sacramento valley, with San Francisob as the objective point. The, line to John Day river has been projected for several years, and it, has been the cause of speculation as to whether the Washington & Columbia River Company or the O. R.' & N. would be the first to take hold of it. From information inparted by your correspondent's informant, it seems ' likely that the Washington & Columbia River railroad will take hold of it. The' line would run into a country most productive capable of yielding immense wealth in agrioulture, min ing, Numbering, stockraising and dairy ing industries. At the present time, the people of that section are enjoying a large measure of prosperity, being but little affeoted by the hard times. . Southern Umatilla, Grant, Harney and Lane counties, in Oregon, ' would be traversed, and the new road would enter California at- the northeastern border of Modoo county in that state. . ' Theodore B. Wilcox, of badd & Til ton's banking house in - Portland, has been elected as vice-president of the Washington & Columbia River under the plan for reorganization, which goes into effect soon, Mr. Wilcox has gone to Europe' and the W. & C. R. offloial intimates that his visit has something . to-do with the oompany of which he is to be a chief officer ,. and perhaps to arrange for funds with which to put through the new John Day road. IN A PRIVATE MADHOUSE. A Wi e Robbed of Her Property and Incarcerated With the Insane. Butte, Mont., April 24. An evening paper prints a startling story about . a former well-known woman, Mrs. Jer ome B. Westgate, having been locked up in a private madhouse at San Diego, ! Cal., dh; charges-trumped up by her 'husband. About ten years ago the woman owned large real estate interests in Butte, but her health failed, and her husband persuaded her to dispose of her property and go to California, x Since then her friends and a sister living here have hear,d little from her. ' Some weeks ago the sister , received an anonymous' , letter informing her that Mrs. West' gate was. incarcerated in a private asy lum at San Diego. The former at once went to .her sister's rescue, and secured her release, and has just returned to Butte with her. ' Mrs. Westgate . is. a physical wreck. : She .says that just after they settled in San Diego she in vented her money successfully, whihj her. husband "became worthless. " She threatened to sue for a divorce and then . he schemed to get possession of her property. He destroyed their marriage certificate and denied that she was his wife. ' She claims that he drugged her and had her confined in a private asy- , lum and kept her in a solitary cell for weeks. , Friends charged her husband with her murder, and in this way her whereabouts were discovered. Mrs. Westgate has seoured a copy of her marriage certificate, and will return to San Diego to secure the recovery trf her property. No Affair of England's. London, April 25. In the commons today the government announced it could not interfere in the matter of the imprisonment of the ex-queen of Ha waii.' - CATTLEMEN ARE MAD The Omaha Exchange Cen sures Secretary Morton. :' - V SAY HIS IDEAS ARE ERRONEOUS It Is Alleged That the High Prices Were Caused Entirely by a Shortage of Cattle. Omaha, April 25. The Omaha live stock exchange today censured Secre tary of Agriculture Morton "for his erroneous ideas at present , working to the great detriment of the cattle inter ests of the country in creating a wrong impression as to the relative cost of cattle and beef." After reciting the manner of his in vestigations, this resolution was adopt ed: ; . ' "Be it resolved, That we, the mem bers of the South Omaha livestock ex change, call the attention of the honor able secretary of agriculture . and the country at large to the fact that, dur ing the first there months of the pres ent year cattle receipts at Chicago, with full . corn crop in Illinois, In diana and adjacent territory, fell off 17 per cent as against 1894; Kansas City receipts fell off 18 per cent, notwith standing a big increase in Texas ship ments, and at Omaha, in the very heart of- the drouth-stricken country, receipts fell off 82 per cent. - ' On account of this shortage, cattle prices advanoed from $1 to $2 per 100 pounds, as oompared with a year ago, and the higher prioes for beef naturally followed. With the higher prices for beef and the press agitation on this subject, consumption fell off, and cat tle values declined in consequence. We regard the present depression in cattle values, however, as only temporary, as the indications are that the next three months of this yea will witness fur ther 'eduction in the available cattle supply of fully 50 per cent. We are satisfied that there can be no combine possible among the beef packers, on account of the increased number of buyers in all the leading markets, and the diversified interests represented by them." Statement From the Secretary. Washington, April 25. Secretary Morton was shown the resolutions adopted by the St Louis livestook exchange deprecating the agitation about the alleged packers' combine and attributing the reductions in price of live cattle of 16 oents per 100 pounds in the last two weeks to such agitation. He said the statement of the St. Louis livestock exchange would lead to the belief that the alleged com-. bine of dressed-beef conoerns existed. ' "If the agitation, as they term it," said he, '.'has caused a decline in the price of cattle on the hoof, why is it a similar calamity has not occurred in the price of dressed beef? It remains the same, and in some cases is even higher. Their own -statement, coupled with the prices of dressed beef, answers their complaint. . v A GAY DECEIVER. A Remarkable ' Admission Made by "Lucky" Baldwin In a Suit. iSan Francisco, April - 25. E. J. Baldwin, better known as "Lucky" Baldwin, the millionaire horse-owner, mining man and landed proprietor, has filed a most remarkable demurrer to the suit- of Miss '. Lillian Ashley against him" for Beduction. Baldwin has so many times been the object of similar suits that, as he has said, he no longer worries about a little thing like that. The 'latest suit against him is that of Lillian Ashley, formerly of Boston, who alleges that while she was visiting in Los Angeles the aged millionaire , won her affections and betrayed her. -Now she wants $50,000 as compensa tion. Some time ago Baldwin filed a demurrer , to the ; complaint, alleging that it did not set forth facts sufficient for action. This demurrer was over ruled, and today another was filed in Judge Slack's court. : : ' ' In this second demurrer Baldwin piotnes himself as a gay deceiver nd says that his reputation is so well known that no woman of experience would trust him. The demurrer sets forth- that Miss Ashley is a wise woman, acquainted with men and the ways of the, world, and should be able to dis tinguish between sincerity and deceit Mr. Baldwin states that she knew he was a married man and unable to keep a promise of marriage. ,- Consequently, she did not place reliance in him, though she declares she did. The de murrer says that, knowing " that Bald win was a married man, she ought to have understood his protestations of love were insincere, and that his ex pressed sentiments of affection were but the means toward an end. Miss Ash ley knew the general character of her betrayer, and Bhould not have permit ted herself to be led from the . path of virtue by suoh evidently insincere pro testations of love. The demurrer al leges that no promise of money consid eration for anticipated betrayal can be held to be good in law, and that it does not appear from the face of the com plaint that any other promise had been made. . THAT PAPAL EDICT. It May Be Rescinded so Far an It Re . lates to Knights of Pythias. . New York April 24. A special from Laporte, Ind., says: . The Catholic Knights of Pythias of Indiana have de cided not Jto obey the decree from Rome that requires them to leave the order as a prerequisite of membership in the church. . . There are about 5,000 members, and they are unanimous in the decision that, as the church gave its consent to their joining the order, it is not right that they should now be called upon to leave it. ' They are encouraged in this deoision by the clergy who are not heartily supporting the decree. Infor mation received here is . to the effect that the question of rescinding the de cree is now being considered by the propaganda at Rome, which issued it. The story is that the particular oppo sition to the Knights of Pythias arose from the fact that German Catholics Knights of Pythias were displeased with the action of the supreme conclave in deciding . that there should be no lodge work in the German language. The German Catholio Knights went to the clergy and told their tale. ,: The German bishops sent their statements to. Rome, and the propaganda acted upon it. The Irish Catholics have since sent their story to Rome and it is believed that this is such a strongly supported argument that the propa ganda will rescind it. ,' ' ABOUT THE BOXERS. Corbett Finally Convinced That Fltz slmmons Intends to Fight. ; .,- Indianapolis, April 22. Champion J. J. Corbett this afternoon received the following telegram from bis man ager: "Fitz'simmons will put up his money next week sure, and it is a go. Take care of yourself ." - . , When the champion had read the message he said: "That settles it at last, and now for the first time I feel sure the match is a go. I shall close my theatrical dates at St. Louis two weeks earlier than I intended, and after a rest of three weeks will go into training at Asbury Park. I am certainly glad the match is closed for I have been anxious to show the world the merits of the two men. I expect to win, as I think , I outclass Fitzsimmons, who is a clever man. I will go into the ring in better conditon than ever before. I think I know every move and blow in boxing, and I am sure I will never be put out, except by a chance blow, which is something that may occur to any man. " Stockmen Want an Investigation. Kansas City, Mo., April 23. The board of directors of the Livestock ex change here yesterday directed the following letter to Secretary Morton: "We, the members of the Kansas City Livestock exchange, have noticed with profound regret the recent news paper agitation about the increasing cost of livestock and the unwarranted and untrue statements made. Alleged conversations with you about a proposed investigation have been the basis of a series of newspaper articles, which have had the effect of causing the market for livestock to be unwarrantably agitated. We can only attribute this, and its con sequent serious loss, as the direct re sult of the reports alleged to have or iginated from your department concern ing investigations you propose to make; prices of livestock have decreased corre spondingly with the consumption of beef, and we, therefore,, respectfully protest against the widespread agita tion, for which your, department has been responsible, and respectfully sug gest that the. investigation be made quickly and without harmful agitation. We oourt a full investigation of all in terests connected with the : livestock market" ' "- - . - : . -' ' -. ' . 1. Some Good In Sullivan. ,, Boston, April. 23. Ex-Champion John L. Sullivan distinguished himself as a life-safer this afternoon. Just, be fore 4 o'clock he heard a woman scream in the rear of . the house in which he was stopping. He ran down the stair way and saw there was a , fir in the kitchen and Mrs. Margaret: Donnell, the cook, was in danger of beng burned to death, her clothiihg having beqn ig nited from - the stove. : He quickly wrapped a big mat around the woman and succeeded in' extinguishing the fire. She was badly burned, but the chances are favorable for her recovery. : John's hands were burned in several places, and he was obliged to call on a doctor, but the wounds are not serious. . i The New Portuguese Minister. Washington, April 28. The newly appointed Portuguese minister, Senor August Tbediem, will , arrive in Wash ington about four weeks hence. He is now at Rome, where he has filled for some time the post of first secretary to the Portuguese legation. .- He. is now 40 years of age. The Portuguese lega tion at Washington, since the transfer of Senor Souza Rosa to - Paris a year ago, has been under the . charge of Senor Ignacio da CoBta Duarte.the consul-general of Portugal at Saa Fran cisco. Upon the arrival of Thediem, Duarte, who has performed the duties of minister in a very satisfactory man ner, will return to California.; - . THE MIKADO'S THANKS Count Ito and Viscount Matsu Congratulated. . PROCLAMATION TO HIS SUBJECTS Japanese Told to Observe the Spirit of the Treaty and to Strive for National Prosperity. Yokohama, April 24. An official dispatch says that Count Ito, president of the Japanese council of ministers, and Viscount Matsu, the Japanese min ister of foreign affairs, the two officials who negotiated the treaty of peace with Li Hung Chang and his son, Lord Ii, at Simonosaki, were received in audience by the emperor before their return to Hiroshima. - The emperor said: "The principal points of- the treaty are entirely satisfactory, and add much to the glory of the empire. I am high ly pleased at the signal service rendered by you." ' The following imperial proclamation was issued this afternoon: . "Through peace national prosperity is best promoted, Unfortunately the rupture of relations with China forced upon us a war which, after the lapse of ten months, is not yet ended. During this period our minister in concert with the army, navy and diet have done all in their power to further our aims in obedience to our instructions. ' Our ar dent desire .with the assistance of our subjects in loyalty and sincerity is to restore peace, and thereby attain our ob ject the promotion of national pros perity. Now that peace is negotiated and an armistice proclaimed a perma nent cessation of hostilities is near at hand. The terms of peace fixed by our ministers of state give us complete sat isfaction. The peace and glory thus secured renders the -present a 'fitting time to enlighten you as to the course of our future policy. "We are rejoiced at the recent vic tories which have enhanced the glory of our empire. At the same time, we are aware that the end of the' road which must be traversed by the empire in the march of civilization is still far distant and remains yet to be attained. We therefore hope in common with our loyal subjects that we shall always guard against self-contentedness; but in a spirit of modesty and humility strive to perfect our military defense without falling into extremes. In short, it is our wish that the government and the people alike shall work to a com mon end, and that our subjects of all classes strive each in his sphere for the purpose of laying the foundation of permanent prosperity. "It is hereby definitely made known that no countenance will be gWen by us to such as, through conceit at the recent victories, may offer insult to an other state or injure our relations with friendly powers, especially as regards China. After the exchange of the rati fications of the treaty for peace, friend ship should be restored and endeavors made to increase more than ever before the relations of good neighborhood. . . ' ' "It is our pleasure that our subjects pay1 due respect to these, our expressed wishes. 'V - : ' , ; The following is the text of the statement issued by the Japanese gov ernment denying that it had concluded ail offensive and defensive alliance with China, and declaring that the commer cial advantage claimed by Japan will also be enjoyed by other powers, under the favored -nation treaty: Misapprehensions are reported cur rent in Europe regarding the terms of the Japan-China treaty. It has been represented that Japan has secured a 2 per cent ad valorem duty on, imports and formed an offensive and defensive alliance with China., The commercial concessions secured by Japan beyond these already secured by a '. treaty with the powers under the favored-nation clause, comprise the right to navigate the Yang-tse-Kiang to Chun- Khmg, and also the Woong Sung river and the canal leading to Soo Chow and Hang Chow, and the right to import machin ery and certain goods duty free and es tablish factories. These concessions are not exclusive to Japan. They nat urally extend, to European powers in virtue of the favored-nation . clause. In securing these privileges for all Ja pan expects the approval of all the pow ers. -. "! ' . ' The reported offensive and defensive alliance does not exist. Damages for Breach of Promise, , Wheeling, W. y a. , April 24. Miss Trudie Barnes, a well-known lady-, of Ritchie county, has brought suit for $20,000, for an alleged breach of prom ise, against J. C. McGregor,,, one. of the best-known business men in the state. She claims that she had her wedding trousseau ready when .Mc Gregor changed his mind and married another lady. ; McGregor is a son of the late Senator McGregor, and is well-to-do. ,'';, " ; .."-;' , ,.' ' , ':.'' Miss Field's p"aper Will 8top. ; Washington, April 24. Kate Field's Washington, a weekly paper establish ed by Miss Field in 1890, will suspend publication until next winter, owing to the ill-health of its owner. TERMS OF PEACE. No Offensive and Defensive Alliance Made With China. Yokohama, April 28. The govern ment has issued a statement denying that it has concluded an' offensive and defensive alliance with China, and de claring that the commercial advan tages secured by Japan under the terms of the treaty will also be enjoyed by the other powers under the most-favored-nation treaty. Paris, April 23. The Debats says, in a leader on the situation in the Ori ent: "The Japanese occupation of Liau Tong is a menace to both Peking and Corea. If Japan expects Russia to re nounce her policy toward Corea, she probably has made a great mistake. Moreover, France will not leave Russia isolated in the East, and Germany is not disposed to regard indifferently Ja pan's encroachment Japans' conditions tions of peace are immoderate. ... Her ambitions ought to be brought down at once. England will incur a grave re sponsibility if she separates herself from the rest of Europe at this deoisive moment Prior to the exchange of the ratifications, Japan ought to see that a revision of the treaty is necessary and effect it voluntarily." London, April 23. The Standard contends that Great Britain does not need to take the initiative in interfer ing with China and Japan. If the other powers, it adds, want to modify the treaty of peace, let them act. Great Britain's policy is one of quiet, vigi lant self protection. The Standard will say tomorrow, in a leader on the treaty of peace between China and Japan: "Except in a commercial way, no two of the European powers have a common interest in the East; hence the strength of Japan's position." , THE ROW IN THE ELKS. All Differences Expected to Be Adjust ' ed at the Buffalo Meeting. Cleveland, April 23. The officers of the grand lodge of the order of Elks said today: "Indications are that the friction which has existed in the order of Elks during the past year will be settled, all differences adjusted and the order be stronger than ever. In accordance with resolutions adopted at the meeting in Chicago March 18, at which both factions were: represented,, more than 200 of the 800 lodges of the order have indorsed the action taken,' and decided to send grand lodge members to the meeting to be held in Buffalo May 80. Grand Exalted Ruler William Friday, of Brooklyn, issued the call for the spe cial meeting stating that the sentiment in the organization is to meet as broth ers all .questions of personal interest. There is assurance from leading mem bers that the Buffalo meeting will re sult in complete harmony in the ranks." -. ... s The Hon. A. Foran, who was attor ney for the Atlantic City faction in the recent litigation, says there is no truth in the report of the probable settlement of the difficulty. He declared the ac tion of the Cleveland lodge in instruct ing that a member of the grand lodge be sent to the Buffalo meeting was il legal, and that it will be . reoonsidered at the next meeting.; He says the con tests between the factions will be waged to the end, and he is confident the kside he represents will. win. : ... THE BICYCLIST'S DEATH. Little Doubt That Bicyclist Letti Was Murdered by Kurds in Armenia. - :Pittsburg April. 23. Relatives of Frank Lenz, the Pittsburg' cyclist who was making a trip around the world on his wheel for Outing, are now convinced- hi was murdered, by the Kurds in Armenia - at the beginning of the massacre there. T. P. Langhans, cou sin of the wheelman, has just received a letter confirming this belief. The letter is written by an American mis sionary in Armenia, but his name' can hot be given for fear the ' letter 'might find its way back to Armenia, ; and his life would be endangered, because ' he confirms the specal- Armenian letter of the Associated press of. last Friday. The missionary says the situation is serious, and danger is imminent. v He says the Armenians intend to fight if or their liberty. Speaking of ' Lenz, the missionary says he has reliable inf orma tion that he wa,s : killed 'last May at Koordal, on the: Alshgard: plain, near the famous'; pass of. Del Babaka. The missionary talked with a man who says Lenz arrived at Karakalessen on what the native said was a two-wheeled cart ' Two days later the man saw the dead body of the wheelman at Zedikan. From the description given, there is little doubt it was the body of Lenz. The missionary has sent for three men who also saw the body, and expects to be able to tell just how Lenz met his death. -. : . ' ' The American Society in London, London, April 23. The Globe, com menting on the banquet of the new American society in London, last night, says: The society is certain to be suc cessful if the membership is confined to desirable members. Nobody has a greater horror of a bouncing, bragging, vulgarian than a cultivated American gentleman. , . IN VARIOUS MARKETS The Slump in Crude Petrol eum Continues. - SPECULATION IN OIL DECLINING The Late Transactions Demonstrate the Fact That the Monopoly Will . Fix the Price of Crude Oil. , ' Pittsburg, April 23. The Standard Oil Company reduced the purchasing price of credit balances at its agencies to $2.25 this morning. This is 15 cents less than it paid yesterday, and 35 cents less than the price of Thursday. , This still further demonstrates the fact that the monopoly will fix the price of crude oil, and that those who trade in any of the outstanding certificates are taking quite a risk if they think they can make a price that the Standard will have to follow. This reduction caused another big slump , in exchange prices. May oil opened at $2. 20, and gradually drop- , ped to $1.97, the latter price being the close. Not a single trade was reported on the local exchange. At Oil City the trading was also very light, the market declining to $1.97. on the few transac tions made. The Standard bought all -credit balances offered at $2.25 today, and some certificates of oil on the Oil City exchange as low as $1.98. This also goes to show that some people do not care about holding certificates at present for higher ' prices, while the Standard is reducing the purchasing price. . - The stand taken by the Stand ard in the last few days will surely stop speculation in certificate oil. Hereto fore producers would demand a certifi cate for each 1,000 barrels run in the pipe lines. The certificates were placed in the hands of brokers on 'change, who would sell them for a better prices than offered at the Standard purchasing agencies. Now the exchange prices are so erratic that instead they are holding certificates, hoping for better prices. On 'change the producers will do busi ness direct with the monopoly, at what ever price it considers oil is worth. This will kill ; off speculaton, ior, without these certificates, and the Stan dard now owns the bulk of them, there will be nothing to speculate with that represents any unusual value. WORSE THAN SLAVERY. A Story of Starvation, Incarceration . and Drudgery. HouBton, Tex., April 28. R. D. Hardy, a negro, arrived here yesterday after a long starvation trip from the state of Durango, in Mexico, whence he escaped the guards of the Mexican Col onization Company, then braved the wild beasts of the Mexican wilderness and endured the hardships of traveling without money. He was half starved and scantily clad when he reached here on his return t Union, Ala. , from which place he enlisted in the cause of the company from which he escaped. He is of middle age.. ' He tells a story of starvation, incar ceration, drudgery, and worse than slavery imposed on the colonized ne groes, which makes the listener heart sick with sympathy. He says he was induced to leave home with the hope of future reward and affluent ease. . He, with 1,000 others, reached the promis ed land some time in January. He says that not a single one of the prom ises made them has been fulfilled, and that there is not one of the colony who would not gladly return if they all were not prevented by armed guards of dan gerous Mexicans and Spaniards. The homes given colonists were but roofless inclosures, with different sec tions in which several families and persons were forced to stay. They labored' from sunrise to sunset, and were furnished tough beef and corn and water bread , on which1 to subsist, the corn being ground by the cooks of each mess to Whom these rations were issued each evening. No Sunday was ob served, and all who rested on that day were permitted to do so without the privilege of eating. .: The ground was their bed and the covering was such as a few had brought with them. Many constructed improvised roofs over them with stalks of brush. They were cut off from the outside world and not permitted to correspond with relatives or friends. There was no railroad within miles of the colony, and many dangers encompass those who try to escape from what Hardy calls a colonial bastial. . He and four others made their escape some three-weeks ago and although he became separated from his companions and suffered great hard-' ships he at length entered Texas at El Paso. He is - with friends here, and after rest and food will continue his journey. . Wales to Visit Newport. Newport, R. L, April 22. The an nouncement was made today that the Prince of Wales will visit Newport during the summer. The information was furnished as ooming from a promi nent society man, who received a letter from England announcing his royal highness will attend the cup races and visit Newport for several weeks.