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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1893)
IIOOI) UIVKK, OREGON, SATURDAY. JUNE 17, 1803.
3food TJivcr Glacier.
IT III. lull Kl KVrilT MATUIllA V MfinNINO DT
Tlio Glacier Publishing Companj.
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Grant Evans, Propr,
8n uuil .St., near (ik. . Hood Kiver, Or,
Shaving nml 1 fair uniting nratly done.
Curlislr's urdi-r discontinuing coinage
nt ilu ( 'arson mint throw thirty-nine
employes out of in k,
A i-iIHT.iim in bring sought nt the
('itvif Mexico fiir it lottery at Ensen
yielii, Liwi r California.
Astoria t iiiiiiei are preparing for tho
blKk'est million ditch nf till! year, 'l ilt'
pn-wiit run i.i vrry ht-nvy.
A monster fur-bearing Hi nt, weighing
l,ruo pounds, was caught at Elk ( reek,
l Tillamook, dr., recently.
Philip K'Niiitv nnd Walter I. Iough
crtv liavo hern arrested nt llailey,
Idaho, unit charged with stealing letters.
Tin foil rll crop nf green peas in now
ready for the tahlu nt Yuiiui. (ireen
i nil has been in the market since May
'Hie Colorado, New and ("nrter rive r
in Arizona urn higher than has been
kimvMi in years. The hitter two are out
(if their hanks.
Work on the construction of the tele
phone line froni I'iiii lUtoii to Canyon
City has begun. The line, will be com
pleted to Pilot Hoi k in two weeks,
TIh iool iimt MrWhirtor murder
ruses at Fresno nro ls-coiuing very miit'li
tut niili'il with contradictions mid plots
and counter-plots of a sensational char
acter. Judge Ross of the UnitcH States Dis
trict ourt nt b) Angeles has ruled in n
water rase that anew constitution can
not abrogate contracts made previous to
I ion I xirer A Co., contractors and
builders nl 1-os Angeles, consisting of li.
J). In in holder nnd R. N. Rogers, sud
denly departed from 1oh A neleH, leav
ing lumber bill and mechanics unpaid.
The limn Rums, who wiih with Hlack,
the detertive, at the timo Sontag nml
Evans lii'i'd on them, said to a reporter:
"You may Fay, if you like, that I was
seared out of my wit. There w as one
obstruction in "my way as I ran that
must have been nix teen feet high, but I
cleared it at u leap,"
A petition in to be forwarded to Ot
tawa fro::! the white fishermen of the
Eraser river in British Columbia pro
tcsting against the present law, which
enables the Japs andaloins to get natur
iilifccd and then procure fishing licenses.
The Asiatics are taking tho oath of al
legiance by tho Hcore.
Tho boyH in the State Reform School
near iNilein are kept at work clearing
land. Aliout ten acres will bo cleared
for tlio plow thin Heanon, lniikiun a little
inoro than 100 tillablo of tho total estate
of 377 hitch. Tho Hchool uhcs between
400 and 600 cords of wood a year, and
tho cutting of it removed inot of tho
timber from tho tractH to be cleared.
Health Officer Keency and Dr. Ucgen
buiv'cr of tho San Francinco Hoard of
llealtii iiavu m-nt to tho peHthoiiHe liol
ert .lacknon,a 41-year-old cook, whom
thev decided wan a full-Hedged leper.
Jackwui Hiiid he was a native of KiikIhihI,
and that ho hud been in Honolulu for
Home tune. Then bo went to Victoria,
and three monlliH ago came to San l-ran-cihco.
I lo thought he wuh only Hullering
from Hlight skin diHeaso.
The remilt of tho investigation by the
government innpeetorH of tho recent
collinion between tho steamers State of
California and Whites bo ro is made
jiublii'. The inspectors find that Cap
tain l.iebeg of the Whitesboro wont
Im'Iow on tho night of the accident,
ieaving the second mate, nn unlicensed
officer, in charge, and it was due to his
want of knowledge that tho collision
took place. Captain Lieheg is found
culpable-for having placed such an offi
cer in charge, and Iiih license as a mas
ter ami pilot in suspended for thirty
days. Captain Ackley of tho State of
California is exonerated from all bliime.
David Starr Jordan has resigned tho
Presidency of tho Leland Stanford (.Jr.)
University. The resignation is said to
have been made to Senator Stanford
personally ''l supplemented by a
written communication, which tho
founder of the institution has accepted.
It is understood that at tho end of tho
Kcholastic year President Jordan's con
nection with the college will cease. The
reason given for tho resignation is that
Senator Stanford lias for some time been
rather dissatisfied with tho manner in
which Jordan has managed the univer
sity alfairs. When ho retumod from
abroad six weeks ago ho summoned tho
President to a conference at his Palo
Alto residence. ' He indicated tho
changes he desired, but Jordan resented
the Senatorial interference with the
pJtimate result M stated.
ClllCAfiO KX POSITION.
At the entrance of the Colorado build
ing at the World's fair is a flagstone of
red MiuidHtolie i!.'ix8 feet lilid ten inches
Jl. Is reported that Count Tolstoi in-
iciHiH 10 visn mo uoiiu h rnir ami bring-
over Willi blm a party of young ki)m'ihu
nobles, who are lo iiivesl ii-nte American
agricultural methods uml Hid systems of
irrigation Hi use in llie Went.
A number of foreign coiniiilHsioiier
who, when dlsHilislicd wil h the awards
plan, withdrew theirexhibils from com
petition Imve imuoiiticcii they have re
stored I Ik-im as the result of the settle
uientof the much-discussed ijtii'stion.
Henry C. Ives, head of the art depart
ment of the World's fair, has had a
clolh jilnced over AnderHon's picture of
"Woman taken in Adullerv." which
the committee bad refused permission to
exhibit, but which the French exhibitors
gave representation to in their collection
Ilerr Wermith, the Imperial (iermau
i oiiiiiiiHMoner, sanl the other dav. refer
ring to the report in lute dispatches that
Kmperor William had linallv decided to
come to the fair, that he bad no oflicial
advice lo that elici t, but would not be
surprised if it came to paw, as the Km
peror was a great traveler and had taken
a deep interest in the fair.
'I'he formal opening of the electricity
building, which has lieeii so long de
fined, took place one night hiHt week.
'I'he feature of the display was the un
veiling and lighting of the big I". lison
lower erected by the Ucncral Klcctric
Company. This shaft is situated in the
exact center of the building, and repre
sents the highest achievement of the in-
candescent lump. It extends into the
grand nrch formed by the intersection of
the nave anil transept, reaching a height
of about 100 feet. The met hods Used in
const ruction have resulted in showing a
perfect column as though the entire shaft
were hewn from one mifsive block of
stone. It springs from the roof of a col
onnade niirouuiliiig the base, and the
entire interior is strewn w ith thou-aiiils
of incandescent lamps as many hin d ns
the W esteru sunset, i lie colors are ar
ranged hv mechanical methods, capable
of being (lashed in harmony with the
strains of music. T he column is crow le d
with a well-proportioned replica of an
I'.dison iticaiiili Mi ciit lamp, formed from
a multitude of pieces of prismatic crys
tals. I pwardot ,iO,(MKI of these beauti
ful jewels are strung on n frame, and are
all lighted from the interior by a large
number of incandescent lamps. ' The ef
fect produced is marvelous, and can only
Is1 appreciated when seen.
Montana's famous solid silver statue
of "Justice" was unveiled in the mines
and mining building the other day. It
is the statue for which the actress, Ada
Uehan, stood as a model, and by so do
ing created much contention among her
sisters of the profession. The unveiling
of the statue was the event of the day
nt the White City, and the great build
ing in which the Matuo stands was
thronged w ith people eager to see the
magnificent work of nit. While the
crowd was assembling, tho Cincinnati
band played national airs. The open
ing address was by Major Martin Mc
(iinnisof Montana, who spoke in glow
ing terms of the brilliant future before
that State, of her untold wealth, of the
enterprise of her citizens nnd her won
derful natural resources. When he lin
ished, Mrs. Richards of Montana
stepped forward, anil, taking up a small
silken cord, gave it a gentle pull, and
the Stars nnd Stripes which enfolded
the silver image of "Justice" fell away
and exposed the statue for tho tirst time
to public gaze. The crowd gave vent to
wild cheers, while the baud played
"America." When tho applause died
away, Hon. I. M. IJuinn, editor of the
Untie Miner, made the closing address.
He spoke of the statue as a work of art,
of how it came to be made, and how it
represented tho wealth, enterprise nnd
artistic tusto of tho citizens of that
State. At the close of the exercises
the Montana' Commissioners entertained
their friends and a large number of ex
position officials and the representatives
of foreign nations nt luncheon.
June 1 closed the first month of the
exposition. Although the weather and
the general impression that the fair is
not linished have all'ected th attend
ance, tho average has not been as high
as the governing officers of the fair ex
pected " before President Cleveland
pressed the button May 1. There is no
denving that tho treasury department
of tlio fair is pressed for money, al
though the banks, which are represented
in the local corporation, stand ready to
advance money at any time to tido the
exposition over; but money is owing to
the contractors and employes, and the
former find much difficulty in getting
nuiek and full payment of their claims.
Treasurer Zeeberger is compelled to
resort to all kinds of excuses for putting
the contractors oil, but some have been
waiting two months after tho contracts
have been completed and their vouchers
passed. There will be n severe policy of
retrenchment in all departments of the
fair beginning next month. Tho dis
chargeof 2,000employes is contemplated,
and even Major Handy, who deals with
tho press representatives of tho world,
is now preparing a detailed statement
of passes given with a view to a heavy
reduction in the list. Ex-President
Raker of the exposition, who is of the
special committee investigating the
press matter, thinks that the press of
the country has done more harm than
good to tho fair and should not bo
treated liberally. Before the opening
the enthusiasts connected with the fair
talked about an average daily attend
ance of 100,000, but that number has
only been reached twice -tho opening
day and Memorial day. Special fete
days and single-fare excursions from
distant points will swell the crowds for
tho next four months, but the European
patronage is not being relied on to any
orent. extent, in fiffiirinar m nrosneetivo
receipts. For the month of May it can
1 S Jl A 11 1 A V '
only do saiu uiai we uur nas not mucn
naer than paid the opening expenses.
Hank Failures in the West
MIL UL'.SHYIIKAUHTJilCTLYIN IT.
Mohammedan to bo Colonized in
Florida uml Georgia by an
Erie, Pa., in to have a Masonic Tern
pie. It will cost 42K),000.
The total registration of Chinese un
der the deary law is less than 1.1,000.
Kansas Populists have started a proj
ect to build u railway by public subscrip
tion. Several cases of smallpox have Is-en
found in a New York tenement on First
Kansas millers, feurful of a shortage
in tlr w heat crop, are engaging for fu
Paderewski'M total receibts for his
sixly-four concerts in the Lnited States
amounted to 17i,0O0.
Kulnlia admires "American rush," nnd
wonders nt the newspapers, whose pict
ures please her greatly.
The Farmers' and Mechanics' Lumber
Company nnd the Iiomis Coal Com puny
at St. 1iuis have failed.
Kentucky has a Parliament which
won't adjourn. It has leen in session
for eight months or more.
The speed of the cruiser New York ac
cording to the final computations was
twenty-one knots an hour.
The Missouri Railroad Commissioners
have decided that a single horse must he
accepted as freight, though unaccompa
nied by a person.
Philadelphia lias a gas plant of its own,
and last vear it netted a revenue of over
ij l.iH.Ml, Ono in addii ion to the free use of
w hat w as needed for public purposes.
New York expects loss blockade and
quicker transit on Broadway because of
the cable curs, which have commenced
running on that congested thoroughfare.
It is now authoritatively stated that
I'arlyle W. Harris, the executed wife
poisoner, came near cheating justice on
the eve of of his execution by taking
The Michigan Legislature has legalized
the use of the Myers voting machine in
towns, villages and cities. The vote in
the Senate stood 19 to 4; in tho House
72 to ;l.
Louisville has offered $1,000,000 for the
removal of the State capital of Kentucky
from Frankfort to that city. The Legis
lature, which is now in session, will set
tle the question.
When the dispensary law goes into ef
fect in South Carolina on July 1 the State
w ill realize 1 profit on every gallon of
liquor sold, nnd is expected to clear $300,-
000 the first vear.
Detroit doctor, who undertook to
pull a dislocated ankle into place, dislo-
ated the knee joint of his patient. 1 lie
latter has entered suit against the doctor
for $5,000 damages.
It is the opinion of the New York
World that the revenue bill of the next
Congress will contain a clause imposing
a tax upon incomes over a certain
amount say over $10,000.
In Ohio after August 1 all wholesale
dealers in cigarettes must pay $300 and
and all retailers $100 tor license fees, and
the prospect is that very few of either
will take out the required license.
Tho first vessel with a creen flas flvins
at her top that ever entered Boston liar-
iKir has just arrived at that port. She
is the four-masted bark Cave Hill, built
in Belfast, Ireland. Her tonnage is
Bv a ruling of the United States Cir
cuit Court of Appeals at St. Paul, Minn.,
it was held that a toreign subject who is
qualified to become acitizen of the United
States under the Revised Statutes does
not become such by filing a declaration
of intention to do so. He must comply
with all the provisions oi tlio federal
One of the Florida phosphate compa
nies is shipping 1,500 tons a week. There
are now a dozen companies thus engaged,
one of which is formed bv French capi-
tausis, w no snip pnospnato to j; ranee.
Europe now annually consumes 75,000
tons of Florida phosphates. Tho capital
invested in these Florida companies is
Tho Salvation Army in New York ex
pects to make a remarkable display in
that city next fall, when General Booth
will visit this country. Commander
Ballington Booth and his wife will have
charge, and it is their purpose to bring
to New York at least 100,000 members of
the army, and that every State andeverv
province in Canada will be represented.
Mrs. Frank C. Buffon, alias Mrs.
Anna E. AVetmore, alia3 half a dozen
other names, who was arrested in Pitts
burg recently at the instance of her
newest father-in-law, Jacob Button, ap
pears to be the most remarkable adven
turess that lias ever operated in the
United States. Her scheme was similar
to that of Eva Mann, who wrecked and
finally drove to suicide Robert Rav
Alexander Russell WehK t.h TTni'tnil
States Consul, who four vpura oor em.
braced the religion of Mohammed, and
who represents tne Monarameaans m
the United States, has been securing
lam! in Florida And ftenrtfia fm tlio mn..
pose of establishing colonies of the faith-
mt in mis country, tie believes that
within five years there will be about
5.000 active, able-bodied MiiKSAm.n
settled is the first colony. '
KltOM WASHINGTON CITY.
The Star says that the President lias
intimated that he will probably call
Congress tigether alout October 1
instead of the middle of September.
The State Department has been offi
cially notified of the elevation of the
Italian legation hereto the rank of an
embassy, and that Baron do Fava, tho
iiresent, Minister, would soon present
his credentials uh an Ambassador.
Secretary Lnmont has asked Attorney
(ieneral Olney for an opinion as to
whether the acceptance by Mendell,
Heuraiid Benyard of positions on the
California Debris Commission will
jeopardize their army rank or promo
tion. Secretary Carlisle during the past few
days has received several telegrams con
firming the newsiiajier dispatches as U
a conspiracy on the extreme Northwest
border to smuggle opium and Chinese
into the country. They intimate that a
number of government employes are
The treasury statement showing the
amount of gold and silver coin and cer
tilicutiM and of United States notes and
national hank notes in circulation June
1 has been issued. It shows the total
circulation is $l,rM,l.rl,!KJl, a decrease
during the month of $2,h7'l,4.'J4, and for
the last twelve months of $2;5,8.r,8,32i.
The circulation per capita is $23.88.
Secretary (ircsham authorizes an em
phatic denial of tho statement that the
Chinese Minister has notified the De
partment of Slate that the Chinese
government would retaliate if the Geary
net is enforced. Gresliam declared that
the recent interview between himself
and the Chinese Minister on the decision
of the Supreme Court on the Geary law
was pleasant and friendly. Not a word
nor an intimation of a threat was used
during the interview. No verbal or
written statement from the Chinese
government has been received since tho
decision to indicate that the Emporer
proposes retaliation. When asked if
any steps had been taken towards the
enforcement of tho law, Gresham
replied that the matter was in the hands
of the Secretary of the Treasury. So
far a.-i he knew nothing had been" done.
M. Pierre Loti has a penchant for ded
icating bis books to prominent ladies.
Miss Charlotte M. Yonge is now three
score and ten, and has written far more
than tho same number of liooks. She
began novel-writing when she was 20.
In Spain the name " Infanta " is given
to all daughters of the reigning King
except the oldest when she is heiress ap
parent to the throne. The masculine
form, " Infante," is given to all the sons
except the oldest.
When the wife and daughter of the
Chinese Minister to England were pre
sented to Ojieen Victoria they were al
lowed to remain seated after "their pre
sentation, as their small feet unfitted
them for long standing.
Rev. Father Thomas E. Sherman, son
of the late General, is as aggressive and
outspoken as his distinguished father.
In his sermons ho takes every-day mat
ters as subjects, and in a recent dis
course ho poured hot 6hot into the secret
Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett is soon
to leave Washington for a year's sojourn
abroad. Much of her time will be spent
i -1-- i i i A 1
in lAiiuioii, wnere sue is almost as wen
known in society as in New York, but in
the autumn she will make a tour of
Egypt and the Holy Land.
Cardinal Ziglaria, who has just died
at Rome, was persona gratissima at the
Quirinal.and besides being a great favor
ite of the present Pontiff he was gener
ally regarded by the Catholic clergy
throughout tho world as destined to be
come the successor of Leo XIII.
The roval family of Encland is said to
be the mostmonev-lovinarof theDrincelv
blood of Europe. The Queen has accu
mulated .1 vast, fortrmn (mm tier KAvincra
and slie pays her servants less than they
can get in any nrst-ciass hotel. Her
daughter, tho Princess Louise, inherits
this parsimonious spirit.
Whatever the poverty of the Brooklvn
Tabernacle, Dr. talmage himself is not
a poor man. He is credited with a for
tune of j 500,000 and an income of $26,
000 from books, sermons,- lectures and
editorial work. The Tabernacle's finances
have been badly managed; otherwise the
late sop of 2;5 per cent to hungry credit
ors would not have been necessary.
Colonel Bob Ingersoll once visited the
stoko hole of an American liner. After
seeing all that was to bo seen he drew a
$5 bill from his pocket and said: "Boys,
1 don't believe in hell, but I guess you
do. We won't let our beliefs enter into
good fellowship; so here's something to
drink to my health with." And then he
went into his cabin and wrung out his
Miss Jennie Y'oung, the American who
recently built a railroad to tho extensive
salt deposits she owns in Chihuahua, has
received from the Mexican government
a valuable concession in the form of a
privilege for the establishment of colo
nies in the States of Chihuahua andCo
ahuila. Miss Young has gone to England
to make arrangements for bringing over
several thousand English families to set
tle upon tho lands bIio has secured from
Ex-President Harrison is having a
quiet life in Indianapolis, and has not
reneyed business relations with his old
law partners, ex-Attorney-General Mil
ler and Mr. Elam. Ho has a desk in tho
office of I loward Colo, who studied law
in Mr. Harrison's office, against the time
when he takes up business again. He
does not propose to pract ice law generally,
but will confine himself to the Federal
and higher State courts. He does not
expect to do much law business until
after his return from California, where
he goes in October to give a series of lect
ures at Stanford University.
The Czar Has the Audacity to
Tackle the Pontiff.
BLACK SEA NAVAL MANEUVERS.
Kcvlval of the Napoleon Craze In
Paris Em press Augusta Vic
toria Hakes a Gift.
Russia has decided to use falcons in
stead of pigeons to carry army dispatches
There is said to be fifty millions of
money lying unclaimed in the bcotch
Paris contains at present about 241,380
ioreigncrs, including 38,000 Germans,
in.oou i-.ngiisti and 3,000 Americans.
A London grand jury has found a true
bill against William Townsend, who
discharged a pistol at Mr, Gladstone.
Mount Blanc Observatory, 15,781 feet
above the sea level, will be completed
next August, its cost will be $00,000.
It is said that forged notes on the
Bank of Brazil aro being circulated
among me Brazilian government troops.
In his recent address to workingmen
Mr. Gladstone said ho rejoiced to see an
increased number of labor representa
tives in ran lament.
Preparations at Odessa and Crimean
ports for the naval maneuvers of the
Russian Black Sea fleet on a huge scale
are now in progress.
Tho preacher Spurgeon, whose influ
ence was so powerful in London, is re
memk'red w ith a monument lately un
veiled in Norwood Cemetery.
The progress of theilluminutionof the
DarkContinent is indicated by the fact
that 700 locomotives now cast the rays of
uieir neauugius tnrougii the gloom.
A statement recently published bv
the authorities at Munich gives som'e
startling information as to the increased
consumption in that city of dog flesh.
A strong effort is being made in En
gland for a law that all ships must carry
enough navigating officers to give them
four hours on and eight hours off duty.
The London Statist says the liabilities
of the Australian banks that have failed
this year, including those to sharehold
ers as well as the public, exceed $500,
000,000. Patti's voice is very badly worn. She
no longer attempts to sing such florid
passages as she did ten years ago, and
she cannot get up to her former brilliant
high notes at all.
Prince Bargram and Prince Mustapha.
members of the leading families in Dag
hestan, on the way to Moscow quarreled.
They fought a duel in the province of
roitava. isotn were killed.
There are about eight times as many
divorces granted in Japan as in the
United States, the proportion in the
Mikado's realm amounting to 602 out of
every 100,000 in population.
In the year 1870, 28,758 passengers
were carried through the Suez canal, in
1880 the number had risen to 98,900,
and in 1890 to 175,105; while in th past
year it amounted to 183,912.
with a label bearing the words "not to
be delivered on Sunday," for the use of
those caDDatanana who object to bun
day opening of the postoffices.
M. Weill, Grand Rabbi of Algiers, who
had been collecting money for the relief
of the sufferers from famine in that
country, has received a donation of $2,
000 from Baron de Rothschild of Paris.
Emperor William of Germany has
decided not to call the Prussian reserves
under colors this year. He says that he
does not wish to keep the men from the
polls next month or interfere with their
The champion long-distance walker of
France, Lardeaux, has announced his
intention to challenge two competitors
to walk to Chicago by way of Siberia,
the ice fields and Alaska, the winners
purse to be 20,000 francs.
The Brunswick (Germany) Hygiene
Society has examined sixty samples of
so-called medical Tokay wines, "guar
anteed pure " or "recommended by phy
sicians," and found that fifty of these
samples were not pure wines.
The long-expected deathblow to the
further propagation of Roman Cathol
icism in Russia has at last been dealt by
the promulgation of a ukase by the
terms of which all Roman Catholic
schools, as such, are abolished.
The Princess May's trousseau will be
mad entirely of British and Irish-made
goods. Sheffield " loyal British working
men " have resolved to thank the Prin
cess "for the much-needed example of
liavirur Vioi lrnrl- IrtTin Iw "FnlItViiv,
and English women and their brothers
and sisters in W ales, Scotland and Ire
There is in the world iust one woman
trainer of racehorses. This is an Eng
lish woman, Mrs. Challoner, the widow
and sister of well-known jockeys. When
her husband died she knew how to man
age his training establishment, and suc
cessfully continued his business. Her
oldest son is a trainer, and the four
younger ones are all good jockeys.
Engineers from London are in the
hills of Wales with the object of pro
pounding a huge scheme for supplying
tho metropolis with water. The scheme
which finds most favor is that by which
the upper valley of the Dee will" be con
verted into a lake nine miles long sub
merging miles of country, together with
the whole of Bala town, four good-sized
villages, six grave yards, five chv.rches,
ten chapels and the Bala Theological
The P.qnlpmcnt of a Millivul Church.
As forthe vast numliers actually main
tained by the church the single example
of St. Paul'ii cathedral, of course tho
largest foundation tn the city, will furnish
an Illustration. In the year 1450 the socie
ty, the cathedral body, included the fol
lowing: The bishop, the dean, the four
archdeacons, the treasurer, the precentor,
tbe chancellor, thirty great cunons, twelve
leaser canons, about fifty chaplains or
chantry priest, and thirty vicars.
Of Inferior rank to these were the sacrist
nd three verger, the nincentor, the mas
ter of the lngfng school, the master of the
grammar school, the almoner nnd his four
rergeni, the servitors, the mirveyor, the
twelve gcrlhes, the book transcriber, the
bookbinder, the chamberlain, the rent col
lector, the baker, the brewer the brewer,
who brewed In 1286 67,814 gallon,raust have
employed a good many; the baker, who
evened every year 40,000 loaves, or every
day more than a hundred, large and
mall, employed a good many more; the
servants of all these officers, tbe sinjfinfc
men and choir boy, of whom priests were
made, tbe bedesmen and poor folk, the
exton, grave diggers, gardeners, bell
ringers, maker and menders of the eccle
siastical robes, cleaners nnd sweepers, car
penters, mason, painter, carvers and
gilders one can very well understand thai
the Church of St. Paul's alone rauht have
found livelihood for thou.s.inrls.
The same equipment was necessary In
very other religious foundation. Not a
monastery but bad its greater and lesser
officers and tbelr servants. In every one
there were the bell ringers, the singing
men and boys, the vergers, the gardeners,
the brewers, bakers, cooks, messengers,
scribes, rent collectors, and all cornpleta
as was St. Paul's, though on a smaller
scale. It docs not seem too much to esti
mate the ecclesiastical establishments of
London as Including a fourth part of the
whole population of the city. Walter Be
sant in Harper's.
A transparency in one of the windows of
the Catlin Indian gallery, ut the National
museum, shows an Indian drilling a bole
through apiece of shell. He is making
money. Not that the photographer bad to
pay him a great deal to sit for this por
trait, but he is manufacturing those flat
beads, which most of the Pacific coast In
dians rate nt one cent nrii-'
Indeed, shell seems i-i nave been the ear
liest, as it is now the favorite money among
the lower tribes of men. Every one has
heard about the wampum of our eastern
Indians. It was made of clam and other
shells, cut and worked to tho shape of
"bugle" beads, and was used for currency,
recording events, making treaties und in
religious ceremonies. The finest old wam
pum belts are still in the possession of tbe
Iroquois of New York, and the old treaty
belt of Penn is in the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia.
Sometimes whole shells are used, as the
cowries of Asia and Africa and the tusk or
dentalium shells of tbe Indians of Wash
ington, Oregon and California. Tbe latter
hell is a hollow curved tube resembling a
tooth. They pass, accord ins to size, from
twenty-five cents to two dollars. Broken
bits pass as our small change, and small
hells are made into pretty necklacea for
the squaws. Philadelphia Press.
Street Car Lodgers.
"I'm picking up lodgers early tonight,"
remarked the conductor of a Third avenue
open surface car, as we bowled up the Bow
ery at 9 o'clock the other evening, and he
pointed to a man seated opposite and fast
sleep, with his hat drawu over his eyes.
"He'll ride all the way to Harlem," con
tinued the conductor, "there he'll be
shaken up and take another car and come
back, and you can bet he'il sleep all the
way. Two or three such trips use up the
Bight, and it's as cheap as going to a lodg
ing house. On very warm nights I often
have as many as a half dozen such pas
sengers." New York Herald.
A Foot Measuring Machine.
A Baltimore man has recently taken out
patents for a machine that takes the meas
ure of a foot just as the familiar apparatus
used by the hatters measures and draws a
diagram of a man's head. The principle
of the machine is the same, a series of
movable pins conforming to the outline of
the foot and registering the shape thus in
dicated. It is rather a coincidence to note
in this connection that the diagram made
by a hat measuring machine invariably re
sembles an old shoe. New York Journal
Hailstorm Prevented by Trees.
Hailstorms do not occur in well wooded
districts, according to the observation of a
noted Swiss forester. In evidence of this
he points out that a district formerly ex
empt from such storms has been visited by
very fierce ones siuce gaps were made in
the forests, and that upon replanting the
cleared ground with firs the storms ceased
entirely. New York Telegram.
Mr. Frederick Tudor, of Boston, was the
first to export ice from this country to
foreign parts, and has made a fortune in
the ice trade. But fifty year3 ago no ice
was exported to England, and now the lo
cal ice trade in foreign places (making ice
by machine) has rendered shipments of
natural ice unprofitable.
The British debt is so large that if it
were divided into one pound notes they
would completely cover the state of Ohio
three times over. If paid in penny pieces
and each penny piled one above the other,
it would make seven columns of coppe
teaching to the moon.
John Leech, whose humorous pictures
made Punch, was driven out of London by
the hand organs and street bands. Their
noise affected his nerves and prevented
him from drawing, and though he tried
again and again he was unable to silence
A sure cure for inflammatory rheuma
tism is made by taking one ounce pulver
ized saltpeter and putting it into a pint of
weet oil. Bathe the parts affected and ft
sound cure will be speedily made.
ilme. Teresia, known as the Corsicaa
fairy, was thirty-four inches high and
weighed only thirty-six pounds. She lived
to a good old age, though the exact period