A O X VawAv.( C m hmriia Plains: r n TT TT W VOL. I. HOUIiTON, COLUMUfA COUNTY. QBEGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 1004. NO. 1. f v; 1 EVENTS OF THE DAY 3ATKERB) FROM ALL PARTS OP TK3 TWO K&VJSPKERES. Co sroae) sty RovWw ( tb Import sat HaryMtas of the Past Wk, ITHWIp H VOenmaOOa I M H. aTiOOl L&oly to Prove Interesting to Oar Masty Riadirs. The Japanese have crossed the 'Yalu Dear Wlju. , Frvaident Loubet, of France, was 'warmly received in Italy. The military at Tellurite, Colo., has Reported 29 more minen. The Oregon building at the St. Louis lair will be ready (or occupancy May 1. Fire in London's wholesale district destroyed 1500,000 worth of property. King Edward has made no peace proposal! to Russia, as has been re ported. Russian authorities say the crossing of the Yslu by Japanese is no import ant victory. Another unsuccessful attempt has been made to assassinate Premier Maura, of Spain. The Vladivostok squadron is reported to have sunk four Japanese transports convoying 4,000 men. The New York Central's railroad bops at Ablany , N. Y., were destroyed, -entailing a loss of $250,000. The senate has passed bills giving "3 "f , ' Fort land an assay office and dividing ' Jegon into w Judicial districts. Of T nnla ttaa Iwutn warniut tk avnaot flood. . The house has passed the bill giv ing Alaska a delegate. The Vladivostok squadron has sunk small Japanese steamer at Gensan. Koaropatkin is to be made com mander of land and sea forces in 'the Far East. A dispatch from Port Arthur denies that 20,000 Japanese troops have land ed at Dalny. , ,The foHgn , military .baorvei -. " ignd to JapM'e nrtt ray in uorea have been ordered to leave for the front. The Japanese are landing much ma terial and other supplies and preparing to build bridges in the neighborhood of Wiju. The powers are expected to back Russia in declaring the use qf wireless telegraphy constitutes espionage. The ' United States alone is expected to make certain reservations. The tomb of the famous Livingston iamily, near New York, was broken into and the bodies of several removed, -while the bones of others weis scat tered over the floor. The house has passed the senate bill - providing that when the United States district judge of the district of Oregon is absent or unable to hold court, the circuit judge may bold district court and perform other duties of the dlstiict judge. Thecazr has signed an order recall ing Viceroy Alexieff. The Japanese lines on the Yalu river now extend for SO miles. Bank robbers at Iola. Wis., secured 11,200, but overlooked (9,000 in their baste. 'Ts The Panama canal property has been ' L formally turned over to the United ':' States. v An American doctor and eight nurses live arrived in Japan to assist in Bed Coss work. Alaska Indian children will be -thought to the Chemawa, ' Oregon, .-. school or education. - Koaropatkin has forbid his generals to engage in any battles and even op poses small skirmishes. i . Rumors of fighting on the Yslu, in which the Jspanese lost heavily con tinue to come from Port Arthur. George A. Hammond, consulting en gineer, has been ordered to Eastern Oregon to assist in the examination of the afalbenr irrigation proposition. ' The Indian agent at Colville, Wash., and the bonded superintendent at Nes .Ferces, Idaho, reservation nave ueen . let out on account of Indiscreet actions. Neidermeir, Marx and Vandine, the Chicago carbarn bandits, have paid the penalty of their crimes. A, Port Arthur report says an entire .Japanese column was destroyed on the -'.Yalu river. . No confirmation is obtain able. It Is reported that two Jspanese, dis guised as beggars, attempted to assassi nate General Kouropatkln while he was in Nia Cbwang recently. The Uansbrough bill recently passed by the senate repealing the timber and atone act, and authorising the sale of government timber to the highest bid der, has been practically killed in the Louse public lands committee. , CHINA DESIRES TO BB NBU1KAL. I Diplomat 5ays Oaly Danger Uta la Priests Stirring Up a Revolt. Paris, April 28. Mr. Ou, first secre tary of the Chinese legation here, in an Interview on the danger of China being drawn into the Russian-Japanese war, said General Ma was not a very Import ant personage, and had never been com mander In chief. He is In command of the regular troops in the province of rechlll under the viceroy of Tien Tain, who would Incur the death penalty, If he acted without the direct orders of the Pekln government, which, the sec retary said, was determined to maintain neutrality. Moreover, General Ma had not over 15,000 troops, which there was no reason to suppose were 111 disposed toward Russia. Asked point blank whether he did not forest danger of complication, the secretary admitted the Chinese people were favorably disposed toward the Japanese, and In this fsct there might be a possible source of trouble. If the Buddhist priests and the secret societies stirred up a revolt, and the rebels attacked the Russians, the latter might consider the imperial govern ment responsible. "If we should be treated as belliger ents," said the secretary, "we should be obliged to defend ourselves. That would be the only event in which we would make common cause with Jap an." SUBMARINE BOATS IN ACTION. Raasla Hears Proas Vesstls Seat la Sec tioes to Port Arthar. St. Petersburg. April 28. A dis patch from Port Arthur ssys : "Experiments with submarine boats here have been attended with brilliant success. "All is quiet in the region of the fortress." The entrance into service of four sub marine boats at Tort Arthur means the addition of a new and formidable weapon for the defense of the strong hold. The dispatch of the boats in sec tions over the railroad have been shrouded In secrecy, and even today many In St. Petersburg are inclined to doubt the report, by officials of their frenrrat Port -Arthur,' or to accept the information as trustworthy. An effort now to close or blockade Port Arthur will be too dangeroua, it is thought, for Vice Admiral Togo to at tempt. The defenders of the port will be able to guard against Jspanese sub marine vessels entering the harbor and attacking the Russlsn ships at anchor. TO CUT OFF RUSSIAN SQUADRON.' Japanese Ships Pass Kobe, Undoubtedly Making for Oenaaa. Chicago, April 28. A special cable to the Daily News from Kobe says: "Under full steam a strong squsdron of Japanese armored cruisers were ob served this morning, making their way northward in the Japanese sea. It is believed that the vessels are on their way to attempt to cut off the Russian squadron thst appeared off Gensan, on the east coast of Corea yesterday. It is feared, however, that, as the iciar's cruisers are superior in speed to those of the mikado, they may escape in safe ty to ths shelter of Vladivostok. "It is also stated that the Japanese have succeeded in luring the Russians (om the protection of the Vladivostok guns, and that there is another Japan ese squadron between them and their retreat, but these are mere rumors." Amending the Patent Laws. Washington, April 28. Favorable reports were authorized today by the house committee on patents on the Mann bill amending the patent laws by authorizing the issuance of patents on the formulae of proprietary remedies inetesd of orrthe manufactured article, and the Tawney bill requiring affidav its to be filed with copyright applica tions stating the place where the type for the publication was set. No copy righti to be loaned on works not printed in this country. The penslty for a misstatement in the affidavit is fixed at fl,000. Steamers Fear Mines. Tokio, Aril 27. Jspanese companies which operate steamers on the Yellow sea, and the gulf of Pechili are cancel ling their engagements to call at points beyond Chemulpo, Corea, because of the mechanical contact mines which are known to be adrift on the high seas. These mines drifted away from Port Arthur and Port Dalny, and con stitute a serious menace to navigation. It is known thst many mines have been detached from their moorings by storms and currents and several have been de stroyed. , Russia to Boy Mors Warships. Paris, April 28. According to a re port, the truth of which it is impossi ble to verify, the sum of 105,000.000 rubles has been appropriated by Rus sia for the purchase of several torpedo boats in France, two Argentine cruisers and two German transports. The two German traorporta have already ar rived at Libau. VALUE QUESTIONED SENATE DOUBTS 'ADVISABILITY OP OP BU0.D1NQ BIQ WARSHIPS. R scant Rasslsa Losses are Cttod-Som Favor Saaarise Coafsreace Re fort Qtvlsg the PresUeat Power to Delay Contraction ol Battleship If Deemed Advisable Agreed To. Washington, April 17. The 'tenat today passed a bill to provide for an as sociate justice of the supremo court of New Mexico. Hale called' op the conference report on the navsl appropriation bill elimi nating the differences between ths Tq bouses. In making a statement on the report Hale criticised the modern bat tleship. Continuing he said: "I mui. ssy that if I were secretary of the navy in the present condition, I should not dare to go on and commit the government to the building of an other Immense battleship costlag $8, 000,000. The loosons of war between Russia and Japan thus far go to show the vulnerability and the nnsafety of these immense and lofty battleships and the nndeairsbility at present of com mitting ourselves to the further con struction of them. The great and sal ient evils of war show how Incomplete as an engine of war la one of these enormous high turreted battleships. If she is struck below the water line and the center of gravaity is disturbed she turns ovsr like a turtle and every body on board is drowned. "If an explosion takes place through hurried firing In a turret, it is more than likely to igr.ite the magaaine and the whole ship is blown Into the air and everybody on board la killed. Aside from the disasters In the Fait, where the large Ruslsaan battleships have been disabled and put out of busi ness, .we have had three explosions on our own bsttleshlpa within a year." Stewart expressed the opinion that the battleship will soon be a thing of the past and that submarine craft will take their place. Continuing. Hale said be tloucht congress should legislate on the char acter of battleships for the nsv, not leave It ti the Jeuarinient. All isoif said the discretion given to the president to defer action for a year was a wise one, because of the fact that a test of battleships was going on In a pretty lively, way In the, Far East. The conference report was agreed to. OAMB OP STRATDOY. Koaropatkin Mas Large Force Tarawa Across Upper Yalu. St. Petersburg, April 27. General Kouropatkln has played a strong card In the game of strategy. A large por tion of General Rennenkampff'a Cos sack cavalry division hss been thrown across the upper reaches of the 'Yalu, and a considerable force of cavalry, which crossed the Tumen some time ago, is moving down to the southwest to effect a juncture with it. Together with this force, which, it is believed, totals 20,000 men,- he will threaten Lieutenant General Inouye'a left flank when the Japanese are ready to cross lower down on the Yalu. Being composed of cavalry with a few mountain guns, Rennenkampff's force is extremely mobile. Unless it should be dislodged, it will compel the Jspanese to leave a strong army to guard the communications, whereas, If a Japanese force should be sent to drive it out, it would have to move directly away from the main army while the Russian army, if compelled to fall back, can recroes in the direction of the Rus sian troops concentrating in Manchuria. KUROPATKIN TO BB CHIEF. He Is Destined to Command Forces on " Sea as Wall as oa Land. St. Petersburg, April 27. Genersl Kouropatkln, it is believed in the highest military circles here, is des tined to become commander of all the emperor's forces, both military and naval in the Far East. Admiral Alexieff may remain there for some little time as viceroy, but his reign is consideied practically ended. He will not be humiliated, but in order to effect harmonious relations a way will be found to secure his elimination. While Alexieff and Kouropatkln are on fairly good terms, harmonious relations between Vice Adimral Skrydloff and the viceroy are considered impossible and with the three enjoying indepen dent commands it is realized that fric tion ultimately will be bound to arise which might endanger successful opera tions. Skrydloff and Kouropatkln, on the contrary, are warm personal friends. Treaty With Amtrlca to Hand. St. Petersburg, April 27. The draft of the treaty whereby American firms can sue in Russia and Russian firms in America, over which Ambassador Mc Cormlck has been negotiating, has been received from Washington and laid before the foreign officers. Since It is no longer possible to secure Its ratifica tion during this session of congreos, Mr. McCormick . probably will allow the treaty to take Its normal course. RAIN CAUSES KANSAS FLOOD. Rate ms From Nomas farroaadsd by Rising Waters, Fort Scott, Kan., April 27. Fort 8cott is experiencing the most eerlous flood In its history. Marmatong river aud Mill creek, which runt Into the former stream here, have risen ten feet in the past 24 hours, the result of heavy rains. Beveral hundreds oi per sons have been rescued in boats. As far as known tonight no lives have been lost. The estimated loss In llvsstock drowned and property damaged U 1100,000. The two streams began to rise at 10 o'clock Isst night and today ths city waa divided Into three sections and al most completely Isolated. Normally Mill creek runs Into the Marmatong liver, northeast of the eity, but because of the rspld rise they formed a new channel which cut across one end of the city. Tonight the entire northern part of the city is cut off, and partj of the city Is inundaV-d. . Ten feet of water is rushing through the streets in that part of the city and several hundred persons in what la known as Belltown have been forced to leave their homes.' Many were taken away In boats. There were several narrow escapes from drowning. Late today an aged couple named Lemore, living north of the city near the river, were rescued In boats. Tbey were completely hemmed in. Rescuers were out all day under the direction of Fire Chief Amman, Mayor Congdon and Chief of Police Mendenhall, and they succeeded in mv lng thousands of dollars' worth of prop erty as well as the hundreds of inhabi tants of that district. Msny who refused to leave Belltown will stiil have to be taken awsy In boats, as all avenues of escape have now been cut off. The gas works Is three feet under water and has closed down. The en gine and pumps at the water station are 20 feet under water. The South western Wholesale .Grocery company's warehouse is flooded and the water has reached the office. The wholesale dis trict Is completely surrounded and mer chants are removing their stocks of goods. All the railroads are tied up, bridges being threatened and tracks covered. 'aJioaU an repotted la all direc tions. In the low farming land the water Is from five to ten feet deep and much stock Las been drowned and heavy damage to property caused. It is estlmatod that 300 persons are home less. SOLDIER KILLED IN WRECK. Wsst Boand Santa Fo Trala Collides With Light Engine. Los Angeles, Cal., April 27. A west bound special train carrying several carloads of soldiers bound for the pre sidio, San Francisco, was wrecked at Hartoum 8tatlon, the first station west of Needles, Cal, on the Santa Fe rail road. One soldier, James M. ' Bowei s, was killed and about a dosen Injured. According to the meagre Information obtainable la this eity tonight the wieck occurred sometime during the afternoon Sunday and waa caused by the colliding of a light engine esat bound with the troop train. The en gine had helped a train over a heavy grade just west of Needles, and was re turning to that point, presumably with out the knowledge of the special' troop train. Carnival at Portland. The Federated Trade" Council, repre senting 75 labor unions, and the Lewis and Clark Farternal Building associa tion, comprising 84 fraternal societies, have arranged to hold a mardi gras and carnival in Portland June 28 to July 12 inclusive. It la intended to make this affair the largest and most com plete ever attempted on the Pacific coast. A spectacle employing 800 people will be one of the chief attrac tions of the amusement features, as well as a circus, baloon ascensions, etc. Th management has promised that the entire two weeks will be full of special ties and one cannot go once and see it all. There will be a monster Fourth of July parade, also an illuminated pa rade on the nlgbf of July 2. Reduced rates have been secured on all transpor tation lines running into Portland. Irrigation Investigation at Yakima. Washington, April 27. District Engineer T. A. Noble, of the reclama tion service, st Spokane, Wash, has been instrcuted to proceed to make the necessary investigations at the earliest possible dste concerning the develop ment of rhe Yakima valley, to ascertain wnetner the opportunities for irrigation works there are of such a character as to warrant the beginning of a large government work in this city. The In vestlgation will be for the purpose largely of securing a better - knowledge of the physical conditions of this region. Improvements at Paget Sound Yards. ' Washington, April 27. Bids have been opened at the navy department for a steel storage building at the Puget sound navy yard, the lowest bidder be ing the St. Panl Foundry company, $30,788, and for a boatshop at the Ptjjt sound yard, the lowest bidder beisg T. Ryan, Seattle, I1&5.GG0., . PAPERS ARE SIGNED rTTLE TO PANAMA CANAL NOW JESTS WITH UNITED STATES. Agreeateat Traasiers Property W It hoot . RssonraUoB-StockaoMars Will Now Ratify the Act of PrssUUnt and Di rector of Compaoy TKJe la Perfect U. S. First to Hear Nswa. Paris, April 25. The Associated Press Is authorised to annoonce that the contract by which the Panama canal passes to the United States is signed and sealed. The title to the canal Is now vested In the United State. The document by which this transaction is con sun a ted bears the signatures of President Boand Director Richmsn, of. the Panama canal com pany, who signed for the company as its responsible officers. The transfer is complete and without reservation, and the United States secures a perfect title." This result baa been f quietly sccom- Elished, and unexpectedly, ss the public ss been given to understand that the contract would not be executed until after the meeting of the stockholders of the Panama canal company tomorrow, at which the question of ratification would be presented. As a matter of fact, however, when the meeting takes place President Bo will announce that the tale has been completed, and, In stead of asking for authority to execute a contract, It will only remain to ratify the contract of sale which the officers of the company have formally com pleted. Only a few of the highest offi cers of th company are now aware of the secret, which will not be known except by this announcement in the United State up. to the time of the meeting. It 1 confidently believed that the completion of the sale before this meet ing will increase the rote for ratifica tion. '. . RUSSIA ISSUES PAPER MONEY. Finance Mutator Says It Is Not Forced, and No Loan la Destrod. St. Petersburg, April 25. Russia has mad a now Issue of $15,000,000 'In paper currency against free gold In the State bank. At the ministry of finance It waa explained that it was an ordin ary issue, and In no sense was forced. Under the law paper is Issuable to dou ble the amount of gold up to $160,000, 000 gold, in excess of which paper is sued most be covered rouble for rouble. In the Stat bank there are, in round figures, $400,000,000 in gold, which would permit of an Issue of $550,000, 000 In paper, but the paper Issue at present only amount to $350,000,000. All sorts of figure of the cost of the war are printed abroad. The corres pondent of the Associated Press Is au thoritatively Informed that the daily expense are averaging $750,000, and it is estimated that a year's expenditure for the war will total $250,000,000. To meet this there existed a free bal ance of $50,000,000 by reductions in ths ordinary budgets, leaving ostensibly $135,000,000. But a portion of the latter Is made op by the Increased earn ings of the railroads owned by the gov ernment. It being in reality a ques tion of bookkeeping, how the balance is to be raised has not yet been determ ined. ALL RET1RB AT SEVENTY YEARS. Hoase Committee Decides oa Reform fas the Civil Service. Washington, April 23. The house committee on reform in the civil service authoriezd Chairman Gillett to intro duce a bill providing that on June 30, 1907, every office in the classified serv ice of the United States held by a per son who is then over 70 years old, snail become vacant, and that thereafter such offices shall become vacant when the incumbent becomes 70 years old. The committee directed Mr. Gillett to report all pending bills granting pensions to civil employes of the gov ernment to the house, with the recom mendation that they lie on the table; also that the draft a bill reclassifying the clerical service of the government, with a view to providing for more fre quent promotions in the smaller sal aried positions. . Alaakaa Fishing Season Extended. Washington, April 25. The tsry of commerce signed an order today rescinding the regulation which limits the duration of the salmon fishing sea son in. Southeastern Alaska. Under the former regulation, cannery men wars prohibited . from taking salmon nntil July 1, but the order issued today removes this restriction entirely and no date la fixed. The repeal of the old regulation was demanded by the can- nerymen s association, and was also recommended by the Jordan com mission.. Protects Water Supply of Portland. Washington, April 25. Protection to the wster supply of the city of Port land was provided by the bouse today when it passed a bill prohibiting tres passing on the Bull Run forest reserve. The n aximum penalty for trespassing was reduced to $600. , . SHADOWED BY JAPANESE. Spies la France are Trying . to Learnt Plaaa of Rassiaaa. St. Fstsrsburg, April 28. Tb Ruski 61 vo pilnt a latter from an official J th French secret servlc which report th presence of numsrous Japanese spies In France, wall provided with money. Tbey shadow Ruaaiana and watch the shipyards. Especially do they endeavor to ascertain the exact date of the departure of th Baltic fleet and th point en rout at which it will coal. Th Novostl states that th Russlana should feel gratified at th strategical achievement of ths naval squadron, which Imposed caution upon the Jap -aneos operations and gave Russia time to throw a prepondeiing military fort into Manchuria. Ths most favorable time, the Novostl continue, for Japan- . ese mlllta rv onerations has naased. A letter written by Colonel Apsgeff, an officer of marines on the Petropavlo . vsk, who was drowned, describes the i routine upon the battleship. We rise, be wrote, at 6 o clock, learn the news of the night and drink tea. At 8 o'clock we attend colors and then read the papers in hope of obtaining Infor mation of the Intentions of the enemy, Afterwards we go to a meeting at head quarters and discuss questions of de fense. Lunch comes at 1 o'clock. Af terwards we visit the city or transact our own affairs. Dinner at 6 o'clock, when rumor of all kinds circulate. If report of th appearance of the enemy are persistent, th letter state. th torpedo boat are sent out, and upon these craft falls the hardest ser vice of the war. When Grand Duke Cyril arrived at Port Arthur, be waa given command of a torpedo boat. The ships In the harbor, it is stated, were connected with tb others and with the shore by telephone. NOT TO WATER IT. Nation Finds Crook Coaafy Flo id Take a by Private Concerns. . . Washington, April 26. The secre tary of the interior has received a pe tition from 300 members of .the Farm ers' co-operative irrigation association of Oregon asking that a thorough Inves tigation be made by the reclamation service to determine th irrigation pos sibilities ol Crook county. The pe tition has the indorsement of Senator Mitchell. ' It happens that representatives of the reclamation service have made ex tensive investigations in Crook county, and reached the conolusion that there is no present opportunity for the gov ernment to enter this field. There are several attractive irrigation project along the Deschutes river, but all of these are now covered by segregation mad by the atate of Oregon under the Carey act, and th government does not desire to interfere with the plans of private companies. The only other water . available for irrigation in Crook county is tLe Crooked river, and the summer flow of this stream is now fully utilised. As it would be very expensive to divert water of the Deschutes across the Crook' river valley onto the distant arable lands, the government has de cided it can do nothing in Crook county unlesa private enterprise under the' Carey act are abandoned. SPECIAL STAMP FOR 'OS FAIR. Postal Department Is Expected to Aa thortce the Issoo Sooa. Washington, April 26. At the sug gestion of Senator Mitchell, the post office department has taken up ths mat ter of preparing a special issue of post age stamps tc commemorate the Lewi and Clark centennial. The department can issue such stamps without special authority of congress, and in view of the department's attitude on the to casion of other expositions, it is expect ed that the postmaster general will soon authorise a special Lewis and Clark leans. Senator Mitchell has also requested the department to supply the Portland postoffice with a special cancelling stamp bearing some such words aa "Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposi tion, 1905," Portland, Oregon," or "World's Fair, Portland, Oregon, 1905." This suggestion haa been taken under advisement. Senator Mitchell believe the stamp issue and the special cancel lation stamps will be an excellent means c! advertising the exposition. Will Oct Boars Ordered by Oertnany. New York, April 26. Some sensa tion has been caused in Berlin, says a Herald dispatrh, by a rumor to the effect that Germany has ceded to Rus sia certain torpedo boats building In private yards, which are on the point of completion. Eight of these, which are being built by the 8chichaa yards, are the largest torpedo boats aa yet constructed in Germany, being 550 tons, with an. average speed of 28. In order to prevent a breach of neutrality it would be necessary that the German government annul its contract. Jay tnsss Land Near Port Arthur. St. Teteraburg, April 28. A report is current here that the Japanese have landed 20,000 troops at Kin Chau, above Port Arthur. .This report, how ever, cannot be confirmed tonight. t.