OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST NEW LAND SEEDED Acreage North and South of Bend Com ing Under Cultivation. Bend Much new land 1b being cul tivated near Bond. North lion what is known as the Powell ButtoB district, ciio of the best agricultural sections in the Deschutes valley, extending from tho oaHtom extremity of the buttes to the old channol of the rivor, eight miles. It is one immense plowod field, broken in only a few places. This area is be ing increased rapidly, and in a short time all tillable land in the district will be producing. Throe years ago there were only a couple of housos be tween Bend and Prinevillo. Fences and other signs of habitation wore equally Bcarce. Another district rapidly developing ik that under the Arnold ditch, five to six miles south of Bond. Settlers here are putting up substantial housos that would be a credit to any city; thoy are not small shacks as so many dwelling housos are in a now country, but in many in stances are two stories and well paint ed. Much new land is being seeded in this district. Fences are being built, new pcrmanont roads made to run on section lines. Less than two years ago one could go south from Bend fifty to sixty miles, and in that distance find Bcarcely a house; now, within seven miles of Bend, along what is known as tho Ico Cave, road, there are thirty houses, with much land in crops each year. Endowed Scholarships. Willamette University, Salem Direct ors of the Oregon Children's Aid So ciety have ordered that funds of the society shall be given to the Willam ette Endowment Association of Willam ette University, to be maintained as a trust fund to aid noedy and worthy or phans, or half-orphans who wish to at tend the university. Each individual will be allowed $100, and. as the in come is about $300, this will provide for three students annually. The fund will be non-sectarian, and benefits are to be secured by competitive examina tion. A standard of 85 per cent in scholarship must be maintained. Re port of expenditures will be given to the society each year. Wells Are Spouting Water. Arlington Wells bored for oil pros pects two years ago, in which water came to the surface level, have become active artesian gushers since .the hour of the destructive earthquake in Cali fornia. These wells are located at Car ley, Wash., a few miles northeast of Arlington, and had been sunk by pros pectors in the hope of securing a flow of crude petroleum. Results were not up to the anticipations of those who planned the exploitation, and the en terprise was abandoned. Water from the principal well is being thrown ten feet into the air, and the flow has been continuous and even in volume since the earthquake in San Francisco. Substitute Tills for Bridges. Albany Fills are taking the place of bridges in Linn county wherever the change is practicable. In a great many places this change has been made. In two instances fills 350 feet long were made. Bridges are short-lived in this climate, and a constant source of ex pense to the county. Permanent fills cost but littlo more than a new bridge, which will stand but a few seasons. The county court has ordered road su pervisors to supplant all wornout bridges with fills whore material is available. In all cases where there are long approaches to bridges, stand ing only a short distance above the ground, fills are ordered. Compels Another Survey. Drain The recent calamity in San Francisco has made necessary a resur vey of the first twenty-five miles of the proposed Drain-Coos Bay Railroad, beginning at this place. The maps and profiles of the final survey were de stroyed in the conflagration. The engi neer, F. D. Brown, was ordered back from North Bend on Coos Bay, which point he had almost reached, and will begin at once the resurvey. Mr. Brown, brought his entire crew with him, and thinks it will only require from two to four weeks to complete the work. Creamery at Latourell Falls. Bridal Veil Latourell Falls is to have a creamery. Eepairs and im provements are being made on a two story building 30x60 feet. Concrete floors will be provided and an engine will be installed, with machinery to han dle the product supplied by farmers in the vicinity. The enterprise is pro jected by Newton Courter, of Latourell Falls. . High Price for Sheared Sheep. Baker City Lee Brothers, of this city, have purchased the entire flock of sheep of Oliver, in the John Day coun try, for delivery after shearing at the high price of more than $3 a head, in cluding yearlings, lambs and ewes. The exact figures are not given out It is one of the largest sales of the season. MUST OBSERVE REGULATIONS. Government Inspector Finds Scab Among Oregon Sheep. Pendleton That scab among sheep is more prevalent in Eastern Oregon than last year is maintained by R. A. Ramsay, supervising inspector of the United States bureau of animal indus try, who has been investigating condi tions. Mr. Ramsay came from Montana at the instance of sheep buyers in that state, who desire to have quarantine regulations made less rigid in Oregon in order to pormit them to ship stock from Oregon to Montana without dip ping. From reports received by Mr. Ram say from federal inspectors, county stock inspectors and sheepmen them selves, ho is convinced that conditions are worso than last year. Consequently he says quarantine regulations cannot be relaxed. Plan Union High Schools. Albany To secure high school facil ities in rural communities, different school districts in Linn county are planning union high schools at central points. In Jordan Valley five districts will join next fall, and besides main taining separate schools of eight grades will establish one high school for all pupils who have completed eighth-grade work. Under present conditions rural .districts must send children to one of the larger towns for high school train ing. If the experiment at Jordan Val ley proves successful, the plan will be followed in other parts of the county. Bigger Demand for Oregon Sugar. La Grande One of the immediate ef fects of the San Francisco disaster on La Grande is an increased demand for the product of the local sugar factory. During the past week the factory has sent out seventeen carloads of sugar to points that have heretofore depended largely on San Francisco for their sup ply. While the factory has been supply ing places eastward as far as Boise and shipping westward to Pendleton and Walla Walla, no such " extensive ship ments have before been made at this time of the year. Investigate Umatilla Troubles. Chemawa Dr. Charles E. McChesney, United States supervisor of Indian schools and special inspection official, passed through here, en route to Pen dleton, to investigate troubles on the Umatilla reservation between the super intendent, tho,Indians and the stock men. Dr. McChesney has been in north ern and southern California, locating remnants of the Chinook and confeder ated tribes of the Pacific coast. PORTLAND MARKETS. Wheat Club, 71c; bluestem, 71 72c; rtd, 69c; valley, 6970c. Oats No. 1 white feed, $27.6028; gray, $27 per ton. Barley Feed, $23.5024 per ton; brewing, $2424.50; rolled, $24.50 25.50. Hay Valley timothy,$1213; clover, $7.608; cheat, $67; grain bay, $7 8; alfalfa, $12. . Fruits Apples, $23.00 per box; strawberries, $1 251.65 per crate. Vegetables Asparagus, 75c$1.25 per box; cabbage, 2 2c per pound; cauliflower, $2.25 per crate; celery, $5.00 per crate; head lettuce, 25c per dozen; onions, 1015c per dozen; radishee, 20c per dozen; rhubarb, 34c per pound; spinach, 90 per box; parsley, 25c; turnips, tl 1.25 per sack; carrots, 6575o per sack; beets, 85c $1 per sack. Onions No. 1, 3c per pound. Potatoes Fancy graded burbanks, 80870o per hundred: ordinary, 50 60c; new California, 4c per pound. Butter Fancy creamery, 17)6 20c per pound. E?gs Oregon ranch, 1818c per dozen. Poultry Average old hen, 1415c per pound; mixed chickens, 13)14c; broilers, 2022c; young roosters, 12 13c; old roosters, ll12Jc; dressed chickens, 1616c; turkeys, live, 1718c; turkeys, dressed, choice, 2023c; geese, live, lOiaillc; geese, dressed, lOtailc; ducks, 1718c. Hops Oregon, 1905, 1212c. Wool Eastern Oregon average beBt, 1621c; valley, 2426c per pound; mohair, choice, 28(?30c. Veal Dressed, 87c per pound. Beef Dressed bulls, 3c pir pound ; 00 78, 4)5c; country steers, 66c. Mutton Dressed, fancy, 88)cper pound; ordinary, 56c; lambs, with pelt on, 910c. Pork Dressed, 78c per pound. $100,000,000 FOR REBUILDING. New York Syndicate Offers Capital Palace Hotel Restored First. San Francisco, May 2 According to a telegram received by W. F. Herrin, chief counsel of the Southern Pacific, $100,000,000 for rebuilding San Fran cisco will be supplied by a syndicate of Now York capitalists, who have already been approached on the matter by United States Senator Frank. G. New lands. The plan provides for the organiza tion of a syndicate with a capital stock of $100,000,000. Fifty per cent of this will be subscribed in stock, whilo the remainder will be represented by the realty, With the cash the work will be commenced at once of rebuilding the business section of the city. Among the first edifices to be restored will be the famous Palace Hotel, in which Sen ator Newlands holds a controlling in terest. The telegram has been read to the members of the finance committee and discussed by it in a tentative way. So far it has met with unqualified ap proval. SANTA ROSA NEEDS MONET. Pardee Finds Much DistressBur bank's Garden Is Saved. Oakland, May 2 Governor Pardee has returned from Santa Rosa, where he inspected the ruin wrought by the earthquake. The Governor said that the pressing need of Santa Rosa at present is money. The debris must be cleared away before business can be resumed. It is estimat ed that $147,000 will be required to do this work. There is call for $25,000 or $30,000 for immediate needs. Governor Pardee said that the con ditions at Santa Rosa were depressing, but the townspeople were brave-hearted and had faced the calamity with sturdy determination to recover. A remarkable escape from injury was that of Luther Burbank, the world-famous horticulturist. His home and ex perimental gardens were undisturbed. Mr. Burbank saved his valuable col lection of photographic negatives. These were unbroken, though the other half of the gallery in which they were stored was smashed to splinters. PREPARE TO START MINES. Operators Will Operate, Strike or No Strike. Scranton, Pa., May 2 Notwithstanrt. ing that many of the leading operators in this part of the anthracite field are of the opinion that a strike will not be declared, every company is making preparations to resume work in case a strike should be declared at tha ennvon tion,' which will be opened in this city on Thursday. The Delaware, Lackawanna & West ern Company is laying plans for the op eration of all its . collieries and wash eries as soon as a strike is declared. This company produced about 180,000 tons during the past month, which is nrob ably as much as the combined output of all the other companies. Many other said, a large force of men engaged wait is ig iur me result or tie convention, NEED OF AN EXTRA SESSION. Citizens Will Confer and Bring Pressure on Governor. San Francisco, May 2.The urgent importance of calling an immediate ses sion of the legislature was the principal matter of discussion at this morning's meeting of the general committee. After hearing the views of several members, the Mayor announced he would ftppoint a special committee of forty to confer with the other bodies recently formed, and that a full report would be present ed to the Governor at once, setting forth the need of an early legislative session. One of the most important things that will be asked of the legisla ture will be the extension of leases from fifty to ninety-nine years. It is ex pected that this will give the smallor landowners a chance to recoup their lost fortunes. General Strike in Poland. St. Petersburg, May 2 Mayday was celebrated yesterday only in Poland and Finland. The Socialists of the rest of the empire, having decided to follow the Russian calendar, attempted to ar range demonstrations for May 14. In Poland the suspension of industrial ac tivity was thorough. In Warsaw there was a complete strike, affecting fac tories, stores, restaurants, street rail ways, cabs and newspapers, but no dis order has been reported up to midnight. The Socialists of St. Petersburg have ordered one day's strike on May 14 and some trouble is feared by the au thorities. WILL NOT UNSEAT SMOOT. Washington, May 2. Senator Smoot will not be unseated. According to the action of the committee today, it will require a two-thirds vote to' unseat Smoot, and two-thirds of the Senate is not opposed to him. His case may not be brought out of committee. MONOPOLY IS FOUND President .Sends Message to Con gress on Standard Oil. IS PAMPERED PET OF RAILROADS Garfield Tells Many Devices by Which Monopoly Crushed Competition. Remove Defects in Law. Washington, May 5. President Roose velt today transmitted to congress the report of James R. Garfield, commis sioner or corporations, givintt the re sults of his investigation of the subject of transportation and freight rates in connection with the oil industry. in nig message the president ex presses the view that the report is of capital importance, because of the ef fort now being made to secure such en largement of the powers of the inter state commerce commission as will con fer upon the commission power in some measure adequate to meet the clearly demonstrated needs of the situation. The facts set forth in the report, he declares, are for the most part not dis puted. I hat the Standard Oil Company has benefited enormously up almost to the present moment by secret rates, many of which were clearly unlawful, the president says the report clearly shows, the benefit thereby secured amounting to at least three-quarters of a million dollars a year. 'the statement is added that the de partment of justice will take up the question of instituting prosecutions in at least certain of the cases, and the hope i expressed that congress will enact into law the bill of Senator Knox to correct the interpretation of the im munity provision rendered in Judge Humphrey's decision. lhe president calls attention to that feature of the report regarding the manner in which the law is evaded by treating as state commerce what in real ity is merely a part of interstate com merce. He says it is clearly shown: "That this device is employed on the New York Central Railroad, as well as on many other railroads, in such fash ion as to amount to thwarting the pur pose of the law, although the forms of the law may be complied with." it is unfortunately not true, he says. that the Standard Oil Company is the only corporation which has benefited and is benefiting in wholly improper rasnion Dy an elaborate series of rate discriminations. The sugar trust, he adds, according to the results of the investigation now in progress, rarely, if ever, pays the lawrui rate lor transportation. tie, declares that m the effort to pre vent the railroads from uniting for im proper purposes, ' ' we have very unwise ly prohibited them from uniting for proper purposes; that is, for purposes of protecting themselves and the general puDiic as against the power of the great corporations." He favors as an element of competi tion the passage of some such law as that which has already passed the house, putting alcohol used in the arts and manufactures on the free list and keep ing the fee to oil and coal lands of the Indian tribes or on the public domain in the government, the lands to be leased only on such terms and for such periods as will enable the government to en tirely control them. CARRIED 300,000 REFUGEES. Southern Pacific Says Few People Left City Permanently. Chicago, May 5 According to official figures, the Southern Pacific Company, during the exodus from San Francisco following the earthquake and the great fire, carried 300,000 free passengers. This total is for the nine days from April 16 up to and including April 26. Of these passengers, 67,000 were carried to interior California points, 7,684 to other states and 226,000 to suburban points around San Francisco bay. The value of these free transportations is estimated at $456,000. This comprises only the movement from San Francisco; figures as yet not having been compiled on the free transportation from Santa Rosa, Vallejo, Sacramento and Stock ton. In the opinion of Traffic Manager Fee, the most encouraging feature of the situation is the fact that not only are most of the refugees staying in Cali fornia, but that three-fourths of them have found temporary homes within easy reach of the city ' Rates Raised Wantonly. Chicago, May 5 Declaring that the railroads were oppressing and discrim inating against its members, and had been so doing for the past six years, the American Shippors' Association met today at the Auditorium Annex and de cided to enlarge its scope and influence. The association at present includes a majority of the large shippors of the country, and it is probable in the near future the interstate commerce com mission will be petitioned to make a thorough inquiry into the railroads' ac tions in arbitrarily increasing the freight rates on a number of classifi cations in the last six years. Mint Paid Out Over $7,000,000. San Francisco, May 5. The United States mint, which is being used as the general clearing house for the banks, has paid out between $7,000,000 and $8,000,000 to depositors since it opened Tuesday last. NEWS OF THE WEEK In a Condensed Form lor Our Busy Readers. HAPPENINGS OF TWO CONTINENTS Resume of the Less Important but . Not Less Interesting Events of the Past Week. Senator Heyburn's illness has be come more serious. The Czar is in a panic over what parliament may do. The Southern Pacific has hauled 1,058 cars of supplies to San Francisco. General Greely says there is sure to be more suffering in San Francisco. The louse committee has killed the bill abolishing land office receivers. San Francisco has plenty of food on hand for ten days, with more on the way. The management of San Francisco has been restored to the municipal officials. The new Russian cabinet claims to be Liberal, and denounces Witte as an oppressor. Great Britain has sent an ultimatum and a fleet to Turkey. She is support ed by the other powers. Two passenger trains of the Pennsyl vania road collided near Altoona, Pa. Twenty-five people are dead or injured. Geologists investigating the cause of the San Francisco earthquake have found an immense crevice in the moun tain range near Redwood City. The new Russian cabinet is composed of reactionaries.' San Francisco's water supply is now safe, but short. Idle men in San Francisco are refused food and made to go to work. San Francisco banks have reopened and are doing a good business. A new copyright law has been com pleted, but its passage by congress is doubtful. Military forces are after another ban dit band in the province of Cavite, Phil ippine Islands. Attorney-General Moody is preparing to prosecute the Standard Oil and rail roads for rebating. People of Zion City fight shy of meet ings held by Dowie, at which he at tempts to explain recent events. The United States has been accused of buying the plans of the British bat tleship Dreadnaught from a naval of ficer who stole them. James D. Phelan says the condition of thousands in California is pitiful, and it may be necessary to issue an other appeal for public aid. Dowie is fatally ill with dropsy. Hermann's trial has been set for the first week in June. China opposes the immediate opening of Manchurian ports.' Father Gapon has been executed by rebels for betraying them. The Senate committee haa disagreed on procedure in the Smoot case. Democrats elected their mayor and ten councilmen in the Omaha eity elec tions. The California earthquake formed an island in Bolinas Bay, 30 miles from San Francisco. San Francisco banks are paying de positors through the mint, and the money stringency has been lessened. The labor situation in France is grow ing worse. Cavalry has been called to tho scene of the rioting, and many workmen have been trampled under foot by troopers' horses. The California earthquake revealed a big graft in the erection of Stanford University buildings. Structures for which $6,000,000 were paid cost the contractor but $3,000,000. Senator Heyburn is seriously ill. Witte 's resignation as premier of Russia has been accepted by the czar. Hearst has asked congress to appro priate another $2,500,000 for California. Three men were fatally injured in a riot between striking miners and Penn sylvania constabulary. Each side claims a majority of the senators in the question of court review on the railroad rate bill. Senator Morgan has a plan for the construction of the Panama canal which he has brought before the senate. The French government has arrested many labor leaders, imperialists and anarchists and is preparing for an out break. Millions of Chinese are learning Eng lish and are translating foreign scien tific books. The Chinese Reform Asso ciation has worked wonders among the natives. The supply of food at San Francisco is running low. Mayor Schmitz has is sued a statement saying anything in the way of funds, clothing and provi sions, can be used. Prince von Radolin will likely be named as the successor of Chancellor von Buelow.