OREGON HISTORICAL SOCIETY P U B L I C A U D 3 T 0 R I V ttttttB Volume 56, Number 47 More Oregonians Take 1940 Wheat Crop Insurance Popularity of Feder al Protection Shows Big Increase in Year Growth in popularity of federal crop insurance is shown by the fact that around 2200 Oregon farmers will have policies protecting this year's wheat crop, as compared to about 700 in 1939, according to the state AAA office in Corvallis. Oregon farmers have until Feb ruary 29 to apply for insurance on spring wheat. Applications will be taken at county agricultural con servation offices. Will Steen of Milton, chairman of the state agricultural conservation committee, said that nearly one half of Oregon's 1940 crop will be protected from all risks by the fed eral insurance, according to the pre sent outlook. "This means a lot from a finan cial standpoint, since it opens a new source of credit," he declared. "Any farmer who has assured himself of three-fourths of a normal crop by taking out insurance is a much better risk to creditors than the farmer who is going it on his own. Banks and other lending agencies are a lot more willing to advance him money." Crop insurance was in effect in 17 Oregon counties in 1939. Out of the 708 policies sold, 181 paid loss claims to their holders because of poor crops. Five counties had no losses. Federal crop insurance is unique in that premiums and losses are handled on a "wheat basis. Farm ers who insure their wheat crops can pay the premiums in wheat, and in event of a loss can be repaid in wheat. The premium rate that each grow er pays is calculated from actual losses that he has experienced dur ing the base period, a 13 or 20-year period, depending on the area. In other words, the growers premium payment represents his average an nual cost of crop failure. Insurance won't reduce the amount of loss a grower may expect over a similar period of years, but it enables him to pay his cost of failure in annual installments rather than in one ru inous loss. Snowfall Light in Umatilla Forest Snowfall in the Blue mountains south of Heppner has been unusu allv lieht this winter, according to information imparted by the forest ranger's office here. Before the light snowstorm Tuesday night, depth of snow at Ditch creek was seven in ches. This is below normal, al though December and early Janu ary rainfall made up the deficiency in snowfall to quite an extent. Deer are reported plentiful in the local forest area. Mrs. Margaret Justus states that 150 head have been counted on her range on upper Hinton creek. So far the animals have been grazing and have not been considered a burden. Should they have to be fed, or rather help themselves to the hay, it may be necessary to appeal to the game commission for assistance. LAND USE MEETING A land use meeting has been scheduled for Wednesday evening, Jan. 21, at Willows grange hall in lone. All districts adjacent to lone have been asked to have represent atives present. Preparation of a land use map similar to that m use by the grazing district will be taken up and committees selected from the farmers will be named to carry on the work, according to plans outlined by the county agent's office. Heppner, BIRTHDAY BALL WEEK-END EVENT Drive for Infantile Paralysis Fund to Receive Impetus at Big Dance Saturday Evening Saturday evening will mark the climax to the drive for funds for the fight against infantile paralysis. That is the date of the annual President's Birthday ball which will be held at the Elks hall in Heppner. Plans for the big social event, which has al ways been the source of raising much of the county's contribution to the national fund, have been completed, according to the commit tee in charge. The Troubadors, an 8-piece swing band of Umatilla county, has been retained to furnish the music. In behalf of the committee it might be explained that the orchestra was se lected by bid and not from prefer ence. Throughout the state and nation final plans have been made to bring to a successful conclusion all par ticipation in the 1940 campaign against infantile paralysis. The drive will be climaxed by the birth day balls, parties and other events designed to raise funds and to make the people infantile paralysis con scious. Locally there has been some con tribution of funds through means other than the dance and there are still packets available for sending in dimes. Fifty per cent of all funds contributed from the county will be returned for use here, it is pointed out. Sunday, Jan. 28, has been set aside as Infantile Paralysis Church Sunday, when churches of all de nominations will offer prayers for those who have been afflicted with the dread disease. .The idea was originated by the churches last year and is endorsed and supported by them. IF MAD BULL ATTACKS YOU, BULLDOG HIM It may not have been cricket, as the English put it, and proba bly would not have passed the censors at a Mexican bullfight, but it proved effective, according to Frank Lindsay, rancher of the north Morgan section, when a mad bull attacked him at his ranch last Friday evening. The reason: Lindsay wrestled with the bull in the manner accepted in the mod ern rodeo arena and commonly known as bulldogging. Quick wit probably saved Lind say from serious injury. He fig ured that the closer he could stay to the animal the less risk there was of being gored. After wrest ling around the lot for some time he was able to free himself from the bull and reach safety. When examined by a local physician it was found he had suffered no thing worse than two fractured ribs. Grazing District Board Meets Here Members of the Morrow county grazing district board met with Vir gil Starr, district grazier, at County Agent C. D. Conrad's office in Heppner Monday on matters per taining to operation of the unit. The federal range code was re viewed with a view to making rec ommendations for changes of policy. All grazing districts of the state as well as in other states have been asked to assist the department in revising the code. Allotments for 1940 also were discussed. Fee no tices will be sent out to all allot ment holders by the middle of Feb ruary. Members attending the meeting were L. D. Neill, Charles Bartholo mew, John Krebs and Jack Hynd. William Kilkenny is the fifth mem ber of the board. Oregon, Thursday, Jan. AAA Committee Outlines 1940 Farm Program District Meeting at Arlington Monday to Formulate Plans County committeemen from six counties held a meeting at Arling ton Monday to formulate plans for the 1940 farm work program under the Agricultural Adjustment Ad ministration. Representatives of the state organization were present and acted in an advisory capacity. These included Fred Entermille, represen tative of the state committee, Chas. W. Smith, assistant state county ag ent leader, C. L. Ludwig, state wheat loan advisor, and Clyde Kiddle, state crop insurance assistant. An outline for work in 1940 was laid before the group and its various phases were discussed. Mr. Smith urged coordination of the different agencies working toward the same goal in attaining permanent con servation practices. He pointed out that the AAA gives the individual farmer an opportunity to carry out practices the extension service has been advocating for years. Speaking on wheat loans, C. L. Ludwig stated that federal crop loans were made on 23,000,000 bush els of wheat in the western district, including the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Utah, in 1939, and that as of December 1, 1939, approximately 20,000,000 bushels were still in the growers' hands and estimated there was little change in that figure at present. All loans will mature on April 30. The pre sent market price is from 15 cents to 18 cents a bushel better than the loan value, which averages 60 cents a bushel. The speaker stated that last-minute liquidation might .affect the general market price and coun seled a gradual liquidation. In this connection it is pointed out that Morrow county loans are about 30 per cent liquidated. Clyde Kiddle reported Oregon well up to the top in percentage of seeded wheat insured. The latest reports indicate that 35 per cent of the total acreage seeded in the state is covered by crop insurance and with spring applications yet to come may reach 50 per cent. Spring seed ing applications will be received up to Feb. 29, the closing date. A follow-up AAA meeting for all community committeemen of the county will be held in Heppner Feb. 1, according to C. D. Conrad, county agent. The county program will be further broken down to community meetings for the purpose of educating the farmers in the dif ferent phases of the 1940 farm work schedule. May 1 is the final date for signing intention of participa tion in the 1940 program. This ap plies to both farming and grazing. November 30 is the closing date for completing the conservation pro gram. Those attending the Arlington meetings from Morrow county were the county committeemen, E. Har vey Miller, R. B. Rice and Henry Baker, County Agent Cliff Conrad and assistant secretary, Merle Cum mings. BENEFIT DANCE SCHEDULED The Girls' League of Lexington high school is planning a benefit dance for one of their members, Er ma Scott, who has been ill in The Dalles hospital for the last two months with pneumonia. The dance wil be held at the Lexington grange hall on Saturday evening, February 3.' The committee in charge has extended a general invitation for public support and promises that everyone will enjoy themselves everyone will enjoy himself danc ing modern and old time dances to the music of an excellent orchestra. 25, 1940 SCOUTS PERFORM FOR LIONS CLUB Youths Display Knowledge of Laws and Handicraft Before Sponsor Organization Interest in Boy Scout work was heightened Monday when Martin B. Clark, scoutmaster, and three of his scouts appeared before the Lions club and demonstrated some of the work accomplished since the reor ganization of the Heppner troop late last fall. A demonstration in knot tying and quoting of scout law, the scout oath and uses of the "Flag of the United States" were included in the program. Wade Bothwell showed the Lions what he and other scouts have learned about tying rope into knots. The youth not only tied the knots but explained the use of each. He was followed by Tom Starkey who gave the scout oath and readily answered all points in it as well as explaining the points of the national flag and how it should be used. Albert Schunk recited the scout law and readily answered what each of the 12 rules mean. A test given by the scoutmaster to the three boys showed that the principles of scout lore are being properly assim ilated. Announcement was made that the next court of honor will be held at Lexington. Feb. 8-15 is Boy Scout week and several functions have been planned, the most important! of which to the local troop is the parents-sons banquet on Lincoln's birthday. Special emphasis will be placed on the flag and an invitation will be given the public to attend the meeting. Miss Rachel Forsythe and a sex tet of girls representing the seventh and eighth grades entertained with two vocal numbers. The personnel indued Marjorie Sims, Louise Green, Jean Turner, Patricia Ken ny, Betty Marie Coxen and Kathryn Howell. Mary Lou Ferguson was accompanist. Fall Results in Death of John Kelly John Kelly, for a number of years a resident of Morrow county where he engaged in the sheep business, met death in an accident at the Packard hotel in Pendleton Friday evening. He slipped on a stair land ing of the third floor and fell some 30 feet to the roof of a storm door, suffering a basal skull fracture that resulted in instant death. Kelly, 56, with two friends, James Higgins of Pilot Rock and Bernard Doherty of Echo, was leaving the hotel after being with Pat Bohan of Echo in his room. Funeral services were held at St. Mary's Catholic church in Pendle ton Monday morning, attended by many friends of Umatilla and Mor row counties, where the deceased was well and favorably known. Pall bearers were Walter Moore and James Petrie of Pendleton; Henry Cohn, of Heppner; James Higgins, Pilot. Rock; Barney Doherty and Pat Bohan of Echo. Mr. Kelly, born in Ireland, March 31, 1884, came to the United States in 1910 and to Morrow county in 1911. He followed the sheep busi ness in this county, operating for a number of years on the George Perry ranch on Rock creek. He went .to Pendleton five or six years ago, making his home at the Pen dleton hotel. He represented Eis mann Bros., of Boston, and became known as one of the best wool buy ers operating in this district. Loyal to his friends, generous and kind hearted, his sudden passing has caused sincere regret. Surviving are two brothers, James of New York, and one in Ireland. He was a member of the Catholic church and the Knights of Colum bus. Mrs. Frank C. Alfred has re signed her position with the Wasco welfare division and has joined Mr. Alfred at their home in Heppner. Subscription $2.00 a Year New Buildings Projected to Rise On Main Street Truman Babb Starts Work on First Unit for Penney Company Signs of building activity in Hepp ner were evidenced Monday of this week when Truman Babb, local contractor and builder, resumed preliminary work on the lot recent ly acquired from Dr. A. D. McMur do which was interrupted by the snow storm two weeks ago. Work now in progress is on the first unit of a projected building which will cover the entire frontage between the Masonic building and the Thom son Bros, building. The first unit is to be a one-story building 30 feet wide by 100 feet long. Concrete and tile will be used in the walls. Joint use of the Thom son wall has been acquired and a concrete wall will be built from the end of the Thomson wall to the rear of the new building. Concrete flooring with a tile covering will be used in place of the customary wood floor. When completed, about April 1, this room will be occupied by the J. C. Penney company. As fast as the work can be un dertaken, Mr. Babb will extend the building to cover his entire lot. The second unit may be divided into four store rooms, depending upon the demand when the work is start ed. Renters are plentiful, he states, and prospects are good for contin ued building operations throughout the season. Prospects for a general business moving have been opened with the start of building activities. It is un derstood that several business con cerns desire different locations and when the Penney company moves into the new. quarters it is likely that a succession of business movea will follow. With addition of four or five new store rooms to the bus iness district it is possible that some vacancies will occur, unless the own ers succeed in filling them with new enterprises. Winter Holds on With Firm Grip Following the January thaw that removed a large part of the heavy snow blanket of two weeks ago, Old Man Winter returned over the week end and has held this section in a firm grip. The temperature has not descended to a startling degree buf has remained steadily below freezing for a week. Tuesday and Wednesay nights were the coldest recorded by the U. S. thermometer at the Gilliam home. The mercury dropped to 14 above both nights. What appeared to be a cold snap on the way Wed nesday evening was checked by a snow storm that left about four inches on the ground. Lexington Children Given Health Tests Fifty-seven children were exam ined at the Lexington school, Janu ary 18, by Dr. M. C. Davis from the State Board of Health. Twelve chil dren were vaccinated for smallpox and thirteen were given their first dose of toxoid for dyphtheria and two were given Schick tests, accord ing to Lucille H. Vale, county nurse. Forty-five children were examin ed at the lone school, January 19. Nine children were given their first dose of toxoid for diphtheria and eleven children were vaccinated for smallpox. Two were given Schick tests. Mrs. Lena Cox was hostess to the American Legion auxiliary at her home Tuesday afternoon. There was a large attendance.