Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current, September 29, 1938, Page Page Four, Image 4

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    Page Four
Gazette Times
Established March 30, 1883;
Established November 18, 1897;
Published every Thursday morning by
and entered at the Post Office at Hepp
ner, Oregon, as second-class matter.
One Year . .. $2.00
Three Years 6e00
Six Months 1.00
Three Months .75
Single Copies .05
Official Paper for Morrow Comnty
-i v Member
Association fr
What Price Peace?
A RIFT in the war clouds that
have hung heavily over Eu
rope since last week end is renoted
by Hitler's invitation for head men
of England, France and Italy to join
him at Munich today to talk things
pvere. That conference is of his
torical note because it may decide
the fate of many lives as well as of
several nations. The one sad note
of the meeting is that President
Benes of the Czechs, the one nation
most vitally affected, was not in
The fact that Herr Hitler has
condescended to make more talk is
generally accepted as a weakening
from his last ultimatum that his
troops be permitted to take over
control of Sudetenland by October
first. It is to be hoped that his mil
itary advisers have convinced him
that his war machine is not invin
cible, and that in fact, Germany is
poorly prepared to wage a war such
as looms ominously near.
Prime Minister Chamberlain went
far in previous conversations by
conceding the freuher much more
than many conservative Englishmen
thought was proper, all in the in
terest of preserving peace. In his
offers, Mr. Chamberlain proffered
the use of English ex-war veterans
to police the disputed Sudeten ter
ritory until an impartial plebiscite
could be conducted and each people
given an opportunity to say what
rule they preferred. Plainly then,
Hitler's rebuff of this proposition
indicated that he was not so much
interested in Sudeten people as in
the resources of the sister Czech
Hitler's big "boo" talk Monday,
calculated to scare the world into
complying with the terms of his
ultimatum, the rebuff of Mr. Cham'
berlain's proposals, did just the op
posite. It stiffened their backs. And
now it is Mr. Hitler who is on the
It is to be hoped that Herr Hitler
backs down today, gracefully or no,
and accepts the Chamberlain propo
sal, which will be bitter enough
medicine for the Czechs to take ly
ing down if they do.
Still, Mr. Chamberlain is right.
Larger issues than those now con
fronting Europe must arise to justi
fy Britain's engaging in a major
war. But he intimated that even he
could not bear to sit idly and wit
ness the sacrifice of human liberty.
A Way Out
"fURDENED with a surplus of
11 grain, faced with increased
hay production under government
programs, and blessed with a boun
tiful range, the Pacific coast still
imports fifty million dollars worth
of meat and meat products annual
ly." This is the assertion of R. L.
Clark, superintendent of the fat
stock division, Pacific International
Livestock exposition that gets un
der way in Portland next week. Mr.
Clark continues:
"That is an unsound position.
Now, shall we wait for government
assistance or shall we get in and
work out that simple problem?
"A study of the northwest situa
tion indicates a meat program. The
northwest should produce and sell
more finished live animals."
An example of how grain and hay
fed to livestock works, is cited by
Mr. Clark as follows:
1. ONE CAR of grain and THREE
CARS of hay fed to TWO CARS of
lambs can all be shipped in TWO
2. ONE CAR of cattle can take
along with them in the SAME CAR,
TWO CARS of hay and ONE CAR
of grain.
3. ONE CAR of hogs can take to
town in the SAME CAR that they
ride in TWO CARS of grain.
Mr. Clark concludes, "It is easy to
see that if we save no more than
the freight, we have made economic
progress in marketing northwest
"But why all this right now?
Simply because the 4-H club boys
and girls are coming to town with
their steers and their hogs and their
lambs to exhibit for your pleasure
and approval and most of all they
have come to town to sell for the
high dollar."
4-H club boys and girls are learn
ing the advantage of marketing fat
livestock through the sale of ani
mals at the P. I. each year. It is a
lesson that can be taken to heart by
all Morrow county producers. The
trend is already under way.
Families Report
Successful Aids
In Chore Duties
Giving Johnnie and Mary their
choice of certain tasks, while appor
tioning other less desirable but nec
essary ones, was found to be the
most successful method of getting
the youngsters to do their "chores"
cheerfully in a recent survey by the
home economics extension workers
at OSC of 74 representative Oregon
A total of 172 children were in
cluded in the 74 families, ranging in
number from one to six to a family.
It is interesting to note, points out
Miss Maude Morse, extension spec
ialist 'in parent education and child
development, who conducted the
survey, that families with two or
three children had as many prob
lems of this nature as those with
six, and that families with only one
child listed the greatest number of
Some of the major problems listed
by parents in connection with the
apportioning of farm and home du
ties were as follows: Getting jobs
done without too many reminders,
one child doing more than his share,
fussing and arguing about duties to
be done and time of doing, careless
ness, interference by adults or other
children, difficulty in dividing tasks
fairly as to size, age, strength and
ability of children, and others of
similar nature.'
One of the most successful solu
tions was found in the family coun
cil method, by which the children
are given a voice in the discussion
of tasks to be done, as well as such
questions as budgeting the family
income, use of the car, hours for
special radio programs, or plans for
summer vacations. This method was
found to be followed by 50 of the
families surveyed, and was consid
ered successful by 39 of these.
Other methods used included hav
ing written schedules for each child
of duties to be done and times for
doing them, and having children
check off those accomplished; rota
tion of duties among children; deny
ing or withholding privileges and
pleasures until duties are done; ex
pressing approval of tasks well done;
planning something interesting to do
when tasks are completed, and par
ental example.
Driving an automobile with the
left wheels upon or over the center
line is an extremely dangerous driv
ing habit, Secretary of State Earl
Snell warns. Not only does one run
a much greater risk of collision by
driving in this way, but also de
prives himself of a legal defense in
case he should be involved in an ac
cident while he is not entirely on
his own side of the road.
Missionary Luncheon Slated
The ladies of the Christian church
are having a Missionary Luncheon
at the F. S. Parker ranch on Wed
nesday, Oct. 5, beginning at 12:30.
25c a plate. Regular missionary pro
gram will follow.
. G. T. Want Ads bring results.
Gazette Times, Heppner,
Gun, Coffins Make
Early Day Newspaper
Equipment Complete
Portland, Sept. 29 That the
principle of the "freedom of the
press" in early Oregon was upheld
by the editor's use of the shotgun,
is suggested by information ob
tained by a WPA writer while pre
paring material for the Oregon
Guide, one of the American Guide
series of travel books.
According to a news story later
reprinted in the Heppner Gazette,
an early editor of the Newberg
Graphic considered that because
he .was provided not only with
rifle-bullets but also with coffin
boards he therefore owned the
"best equipped" newspaper office
in the state: best equipped against
intimidation by the Graphic's read
ers. Among his final duties of a
more or less journalistic order,
apparently the pioneer editor was
willing to include the office of vil
lage undertaker.
"Listen," the uninhibited' New
berg editor informed his readers
in the following chatty and serio
comic threat: "the fighting editor
has traded his old shotgun for a
fine rifle. This is an improvement
of which we are proud, as the rifle
does not make nearly so much
noise and the man who wants to
whip the editor now can be dis
posed, of without people thinking
an earthquake has struck town.
With a stock of undertaking goods
in the back room and this new rifle
we feel that the Graphic has the
best equipped office in the coun
try." Budget requests for the 11 state
institutions covering the 1939-40 bi
ennium, filed with Budget Director
Wharton, call for a total of $6,157,
184.36. This is $2,436,389.54 more
than., was appropriated for these
same institutions two years ago.
Salaries account for $1,920,821 of
the budget requests. Operating ex
penses total $1,783,122; maintenance,
$240,107; general expenses, $117,275;
capital outlays, $901,583; special re
quests, principally new buildings,
$1,194,274, Heavy cuts, especially in
the principal requests, will probably
be made by the budget director be
fore the budgets are submitted to
the legislature.
Tentative assessments on 15 ma
jor power companies operating in
Oregon as fixed by the State Tax
commission show an increase of $2,
651,483 above the 1937 valuations.
Several of the utilities have filed
protests against the commission's
valuations and these are now being
aired in hearings before the com
mission. Reductions in railroad val
uations, due largely to financial
difficulties experienced by these com-
Protected Market
Backed by Balentine
U. S. Balentine, republican nom
inee for congress, was given a good
hearing by representative citizens
from over the entire county when
he spoke at the Elks hall Monday
evening under sponsorship of the
Morrow County Republican club.
Giving the main issue of the cam
paign as salvation for products of
the second Oregon congressional
district, he criticized congress for
relinquishing "its tariff powers to the
president with resultant establish
ment of reciprocal trade agreements
which, in every instance, have re
acted unfavoably upon markets for
northwest products. He pledged him'
self to support a protected home
market to stimulate employment
which further provides a market for
more products of farm, mill and
Mr. Balentine was accompanied
by Mrs. Balentine and Senator Rex
Ellis, republican nominee for the
state senate to succeed himself,
They were enertained by party
leaders at a luncheon at the Lucas
place preceding the meeting in the
hall. Mr. Ellis introducd Mr. Balen
tine and conceded to the congress
ional nominee time allotted for him
self on the program.
In a short business meeting of the
club preceding Mr. Balentine's talk,
President Frank C. Alfred announc
ed, the expected visit of Charles A.
Sprague, nominee for governor, on
the evening of October 19, and read
a letter of regret from Rufus C. Hol-
man. U. S. senatorial nominee, that
he was unable to attend due to a
meeting of the state board of control
of which he is a member as state
treasurer. The meeting extended
Low Drug Prices
Patterson & Son
75c Vick's Vapo Rub 59c
35c Vick's Vapo Rub ....... - 27c
$1.00 Citrocarbonate 89c
60c Alka Seltzer 49c
60c Sal Hepatica 49c
30c Bromo Seltzer 25c
60c Mentholatum 53c
$1.00 Miles' Nervine 83c
$3.00 Jeculin Capsules $2.67
75c Fitch's Shampoo 59c
35c Ingram Shaving Cream 29c
o You can always save money at home
on your DRUG NEEDS
Newest types
and materials
500 Cleansing
Dish Cloths or
Wash Cloths!
3c each
one or two left,
Such as
Child's Shoes
Boy's Overalls
Hot Water
Thursday, Sept 29, 1938
Mr. Holman an invitation to share
honors with Mr. Sprague here on
the 19th, and Mr. Holman's accept
ance was received by telephone yes
terday. Repriced!
One Group of
Flour Sack
3 for 25c
where there are only
grouped to sell at
Wool Material
Misses' Hose
Rayon Panties
Bridge Sets
Indants' Gifts