HEPPNER GAZETTE TIMES, HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEB. 11, 1932. PAGE THREE MORALITY In Mary Roberts Rinehart's auto biography, "My Story," occurs this reference to petticoats: "They had to be made, two or three, very full . . . and generally a short flannel one to the knees.... "Not long ago a young girl of my acquaintance was going through an old trunk of her mother's and came across a brief bit of embroid ered flannel. "'What on earth is this?' she de manded, i "'That? That was my flannel petticoat for my wedding." "Whereupon the girl burst into shrieks of delighted laughter. I smiled when I heard the story," says Mrs. Rinehart. "I too have somewhere just such a garment. I scalloped and embroidered it my self for my wedding, and I should have felt a shameless woman with out it." Julia Ward Howe, when a little girl, grew weary from a long ride in the family coach, and allowed her knees to drop apart childwise. Instantly her father reproved her: "My daughter, if you cannot sit like a lady we will stop at the next tailors and have you measured for a pari of pantaloons." The characteristics which dis tinguish a "lady" and comprise her moral code have differed widely in different generations. I remember the first girl I ever saw who had cut off her hair. She worked in my office. The president of the company called me on the carpet and wanted me to fire the young lady, which I declined to do. To his way of thinking, bobbed hair was a sure sign of an aban doned woman. I recalled the first lady whom I ever saw lighting a cigarette. All of us who witnessed the perform ance were sure that she was no better than she ought to be. Only recently I ran across an old copy of the "Book of Rules" issued by a coeducational college a quar ter of a century ago. It consisted of thirty pages of "Thou shalt nots" and, having prohibited al most everything it wound up with this blanket injunction: "In addition to the foregoing rules, students are expected to re frain from card playing, dancing and theatre-attendance, and to ob serve the other common rules of morality." The Old Testament contains many precepts, but in the book of Micah there is one verse which is a summary of them all. It reads: "He hath showed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do. just ly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?" This is the basis of ail morality. This is fundamental and unchang ing. But whether hair or petticoats are long or short is nothing to worry about. STAMPS It is less than a hundred years since the first postage stamps were issued, but stamp collecting has be come one of the most widespread of all hobbies. Rare issues of early postage stamps command fabulous prices. If I had today one set of stamps which I owned as a boy and which I traded for a squirrel rifle, I could sell them for many thousands of dollars. That was a complete set of uncancelled United States departmental stamps. A few years ago my wife came into possession of a trunk full of old letters, which had accumulated for more than a century in a New England farmhouse. Somebody else had cut the most valuable stamps from the envelopes, but there were numerous stamps left for which she got more than $10 apiece. The most valuable stamps of all are some of those issued privately by postmasters before the govern ment began to print stamps, in 1847. If you can find, for example, a stamp issued by the Postmaster of Alexandria, Vriginla, in 1845, or one by the postmaster of Boscawen, New Hampshire, in 1846, you have found a fortune. Single copies of each of these stamps have lately sold for $15,000 each! AGE The State of New York granted pensions to 51,188 old people in 1931, the first year of the operation of the State Old Age Security Law. The average pension was $26.92 a month. Any person over seventy years old who is unable to support himself or herself Is eligible for a pension In New York. Massachusetts gave relief to 10, 000 old people in the first six months of its Old Age Assistance Law, for which every voter in the State Is taxed $1 a year. It cost an average of $5.85 a week for each pensioner. Delaware, California and Minne sota have State old age pension systems. In Canada 63,285 old peo ple are on the pension rolls. The time is coming soon, I be lieve, when nobody in any civilized part of the world will need fear destitution in old age. CALENDAR The Intrenational Conference on Calendar Reform seems to be mak ing some headway. There is still a bitter dispute between the people who would like to change our meth od, of computing time from a twelve-month year to a thirteen month year, but on one point al most everybody has come to an agreement That is to make Eas ter fall at the same time every year. Under our present calendar Eas ter is the Sunday after the first full moon which follows the twenty first of March. That may be any time from March 22nd to April 25. The Roman and Greek Catholic churches, the Church of England, the Lutheran church and all the important Protestant denomina tions have agreed that there is no reason why Easter should not be fixed for the Sunday following the second Saturday in April, and au thoritative action may be looked for within the "next year or. two, insuring that Easter in all parts of the northern hemisphere will al ways occur after spring has got well under way, Instead of falling, it now often does in northern climates, while the world is still in the grip of winter. Champion Fancy Skater Sonja Henle, the world' champion figure skater who haiti from Nor way, will take part in the Ukt COLLARS In times like these it is the "white collar" workers who get the worst of it They are the first to be fired or to have their salaries reduced. They are the last to be taken back when business picks up again. They are office workers or store clerks mainly. Because their training and inclinations make them more fas tidious than the general run of wage earners, most of them are paying higher rents and habitually spending more on living than ar tisans and their families do. As a white collar worker myself I have a grievance which I share with all of them. Every commod ity that I know of has come down in price, except white collars. Be fore the war we could buy white cotton collars two for a quarter. We now have to pay a quarter for the cotton collars and .forty cents for the linen ones. I think I will go back to farm ing! NECKTIES Is there anything more foolish than a man's necktie? If you wear a collar you have to wear a tie. It is a perfectly useless adornment, serving no real purpose except to gratify the wearer's vanity. A man never Bees his own necktie when he is wearing it, so he must wear it to please other people's eyes. . I think there is a good deal to be said for the costume which used to be so popular in the movies, the rolled collat shirt worn open half way down the chest Men are such slavish followers of fa&hions, however, that they will never dress sensibly until a few bank presidents and others who make a business of being dignified set the" style of dressing comfortably. University Alaska Cruise Drawing Wide Interest University of Oregon, Eugene, Feb. 12. Marked enthusiasm for the University of Oregon Yukon summer session cruise is already being shown, and indications are that more than 30, the number nec essary to insure the trip, will be signed up within the next few weeks. Inquiries have already come in from every section of the state and from other states, and the ven ture is already recognized as one of the most outstanding education projects of this year by leading ed ucators, it is stated by Alfred Pow ers, director of the extension divis ion, who is in charge of the sum mer sessions. The 30 or more members of the cruise will leave Seattle July 20, and after spending two weeks in various parts of Alaska, will board a river steamer at Tanana, August 4. The next seven days will be spent cruising the Yukon river, through matchless scenery, in the gold fields made famous in '98, and through many historic spots. The party will join the regular Alaska summer cruise at Whitehorse, and will re turn by rail to Skagway, and from there back to Seattle by vessel. The regular cruise of two weeks, starting August 11, after 10 days preparatory work on the campus at Eugene, is also attracting a great deal of attention, and this summer is expected to enjoy the greatest success since the project was first launched four years ago. The usual enrollment of 150 may be exceeded this year, and prepaartions are be ing made to take care of more should an excess of this number register. The regular cruise will be headed by David E. Faville, dean of the school of business administration, while Mr. Powers may personally conduct the Yukon extension trip. Cartoonist Honored HHP Texan Gets Big Job Jesie Holman Jones, Houston lum berman and banker, a Democrat, hat been named -pn the Reconstruction Finance Board. He was active in the Red Crois during the War. BICENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OPENS FEB. 22 Albert T. Reid, one of the coun try's outstanding artists, has been elected vice-president of the Profes sional .Artists'."' League, which is opposing the employment of foreign artists for American official portrait!. President Hoover will officially open the nine-months, nation-wide George Washington Bicentennial celebration at noon (Eastern Stan dard time) February 22, when he will deliver his George Washington address before a joint meeting of Congress, assembled in the House of Representatives in the Capitol. The Judges of the Supreme Court, members of the Cabinet, foreign diplomats and . many other distin guished visitors also will be present, and the address will be carried to every corner of America over a nation-wide hook-up. Following his address, President Hoover will be escorted to the East steps of the Capitol, and will give the signal for the singing of "Amer ica" by a chorus of ten thousand voices. It is expected that millions of people will join in this "sing" as it comes over the air. , The great chorus gathered at the Capitol will be conducted by Wal ter Damros'ch and will be accom panied by the United States Army, Navy and Marine bands which will play as a unit under the direction of John Philip Sousa. An "inaug ural" crowd is expected to be on hand for these ceremonies. After luncheon, President Hoo ver, accompanied by the members of the United States George Wash ington Bicentennial Commission and the District of Columbia George Washington Bicentennial Commission will go to Mount Ver non to lay a wreath on the tomb of the Father of His Country in the name of a united nation. At 3 p. m., there will be exercises at the Washington Monument un der the auspices of the various pa. triotic societies in the District of Columbia. In the evening the George Wash ington Colonial Costume Ball will be held at the Mayflower Hotel un der the auspices of the United States George Washington Bicen tennial Commission and the Dis trict of Columbia commission. No effort is being spared to reproduce the Colonial atmosphere for this occasion. The affair is being man aged by experts and every State will be represented by especially in vited guests. While the celebration officially opens on February 22, Sunday, Feb ruary 21, will be an active day in the District of Columbia as well as in every city in America. The Uni ted States George Washington Bi centennial Commission has suggest ed special religious services for George Washington to be held wherever people gather to worship. Response from the various church organizations to this project has been remarkable. It is probabe that all of the 232,000 churches will hold special services honoring the ODD BUT TRUE UWtt. NtoOt ONE HUNDRED ftGO TUWE WIRE NO Mb LIFT SHOW s HNU&tD DOWN ROW "WE WWW HSUVM. Of THt VOPWCMArN , WHIN YT NP& TO DfcrWN NNAE5 0 BfcCtt OWft. THE 9tWiON NMAl WAS PiCKW WfVi THEN TO THE NM.EHHKEM Ofc SmtTt0f THE NOW Ofc 1HE SEPOV MlftNY IN tNDr(ia57)NftS CAUSED 9 TrE VWRODOCTvON OP THE C&EIV&EO EWIELD CfWROCiE"WENKME' KROKE0 THE OE TM1CM ON THE Aft ftNMrttS, ESPECIALLY COWS, (NftE HELD N GREW REFERENCE, THERE $ ftT- tlWW Cfc r First President on this day. A folk-masque written especially for the United States George Wash ington Bicentennial Commission by Percy MacKaye will be presented at Constitution Hall, Washington, D. C, on the evening of February 21. This masque is being produced under the auspices of the United States George Washington Bicen tennial Commission and the Dis trict of Columbia commission. The masque is entitled "Wake field," named after the birthplace of George Washington, and por trays in symbolic form the story of George Washington. Five hundred adults and children are being re hearsed for this production and the music will be furnished by the Uni ted States Marine band. The folk masque is being printed by the Uni ted States George Washington Bi centennial Commission for use in other cities. It is expected that this masque will be produced in all the large cities of the United States during the Bicentennial celebration. During the week of February 22, motion pictures depicting principal events in the life of George Wash ington entitled "Washington, the Man and the Capitol" and produced by Warner Bros., will be shown in the theaters of America as a fea ture of the Bicentennial celebration. Hundrds of theaters have already arranged for such a showing, and, undoubtedly, practically every mo tion picture theater in America will be booked to show the life of George Washington on the screen. I UA Joe 6iflT "miLTm v-fn If I warn I I PAT CRASH YJ JUST weap is the last . ofthe Hew year's RCSoLUTioMS BEIM' SRoKEK ' Raspberry Growers Are Threatened by Disease Oregon raspqerry growers will need to take every precaution to avoid introduction in this state of the raspberry mosaic, the most ser ious disease at present attacking western plantings. This is the warning sounded by H. P. Barss, plant pathologist at the Oregon Ex periment station following a con ference with pathologists familiar with conditions in western Wash ington where the disease has gain ed a strong foothold, especially In the Puyallup district "When our first raspberry stocks were introduced in. western Oregon they were free from this mosaic disease and they have remained free from it," says Professor .Barss. "The disease has become establish ed in western Washington, howev er, and there is danger it will spread southward. "Spread of the disease over long distances is accomplished mostly through introduction of sets from a locality where the mosaic is pres ent Once it is introduced in this manner it is spread by insects from plant to plant and brings disaster to a succesesful region in a few years." Professor Barss recently discuss ed the problem with Dr. L. K. Jones, plant pathologist of the Washington Experiment station, who is familiar with the disease in New York state where he said it has wiped out raspberry growing in whole districts. Canyon City Sulfur used on al falfa on the Edgar Deardorff ranch at Prairie City gave an increase of 3100 pounds of hay the first cutting and a like amount the second cut ting.. Similar benefits can be ex pected from the same application for two more years, according to County Agent R. G. Johnson, mak ing a total increase of nine tons at at initial cost of $2.45 per acre. The average increase for the first year was more than enough to repay the cost of the sulfur application. 1hE mom mmzm mm w three tn HER VJlGW H COmtTlC WAWa HER U?B FIRE HAZARDS t V UN YOUR COMMUNITY f . Stock Fire Insurance engineer's have made careful study and analysis of the fire con ditions of every city and town. Details of this survey and recommendations for improvement may be had upon request. Some of the community activities of STOCK FIRE INSURANCE 1. Correct building regulations and safe chimney construction, already adopted by more than 300 cities and towns; 2. Proper standards for community fire protection; .3. Educational and advisory work with Chambers of Commerce, schools, hos pitals, city governments and various or- ganizations along fire prevention lines; 4. Maintenance of Underwriters' Labora tories; . 5. lighting the crime of arson through cooperation with police and fire departments, fire marshals and other officials. 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