Jtoper fcette 1imess Volume 45, Number 20. HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUG. 2, 1928 Subscription $2.00 a Year L BY FIRE IN FOREST Lighting Starts Conflagra tion Thursday Burning Over 20,000 Acres. SITUATION IS BETTER Flames Under Control In Most Dis tricts and Men Are Being Believed. Forest fires that have been raging over thousands of acres In the Hepp ner district of the Umatilla national forest since Thursday were well un der control today, according to word from the emergency office of the service In this city. No definite check has so far been possible, but it is etlmated that upwards of 20,000 acres are Included in the burnt over area. Sunday 31 different fires were reported reaching as far east In the forest as Ditch creek and west to Tamarack mountain. Yesterday it was estimated that 600 men were engaged fighting fire in the district, 300 of these being di rected from Tupper ranger station, five miles northeast of Parkers Mill. Many of these men are now being laid off, a truck load of 37 men reaching Heppner this morning, with more reported to be on the way. Some of the largest fires have been at Bull prairie, Skookum creek, Morphine ranch,. Wilson creek, Grassy slope, Willow springs and Camas prairie. Several fires between Bull prairie and Tamarack mountain to the west have joined, and it was reported yesterday that fire had covered a ten-mile front In this district So far aa is now known damage to merchantable timber fias been negligible, no large stands of white or yellow pine having been con sumed. Main damage has been to range and watershed, cattlemen be ing hit the hardest in their allot ments. Contrary to some current rumors, there Is no authentic report of any livestock being lost, sheep and cattle in all fire areas being moved out of danger before they were even threatened. Eighteen fires were reported Fri day, following the electrical storm of Thursday night, all thought to have been caused by grounded light ning. These spread rapidly owing to the' very dry condition of the forest and the extremely low hu midity Friday and Saturday. Early Sunday morning the humidity was reported at 20, being phenomenally low for the time of day even during the dry season. The humidity be gan to rise Sunday evening, and the first ray of hope was given forest officials who were almost at a loss to cope with the situation, owing to the speed with which fires had spread. Spot fires were being caus ed almost incessantly from sparks flying from fires already burning. Immediately all available local fire-fighting resources were put In to operation, but these proved whol ly Inadequate to hold the spreading llames, and It was necessary to bring men and equipment from out side points. Men In 'large numbers began to arrive Saturday from Portland, Pendleton and La Grande. Along with them came rangers and officials from other districts of the Umatilla forest and other foresta in the state, making up a large ar my of fighters, organization of which itself was a tremendous task. For a couple of days the problem of keeping supplies sufficient to fur nish the camps kept officials In hot water, and the fighting machinery had not reached Its real effective ness until Tuesday. Local people have been cooperat ing to the fullest extent Wheat hauling trucks have been side tracked to haul men and supplies, many of these and others working night and day in fireflghtlng service. Local stores also have worked night and day In getting out supplies, and the even tenor of business in the city has been greatly agitated by the conflagration. Other fires besides those in the national forest have been reported, some on state land and some on pri vate land. No definite information has been received on most of these. A large fire on the Hamilton ranch, owned by W. V. Pedro, had burned over 80 acres before it was put un der control Tuesday. No valuable timber was destroyed, according to Mr. Pedro s report, chief damage being to range. The airplane which arrived Sun day for scouting fires In this dis trict left this morning for Lakevlcw where It is to be used on fires In that vicinity. Most of the time the plane was here smoke prevented its being used to its full effectiveness Tractors and plows have been in use since Sunday In plowing the ridges around several fires to keep them from jumping Into new districts. A paymaster arrived from the Portland office yesterday and fire fighters are being paid at the emer gency office here as soon as they are taken off the job. Mr. and Mrs. Alva Jones and son Donald motored to Portland Sun day, there to join Mrs. Jeff Jones and Mrs. Ellis Henrlckson, and the ladles Journeyed on to Oakland, Calif., Mrs. Hcnrickson returning to her home at San Leandro after a visit of a couple of months here The other ladles will spend a month in the Bay section of California with relatives. Big Demand Shown For Reporters School The need and demand for the correspondence courses in commun ity newswriting In Oregon as con ducted by the state college exten sion service has spread to nearly every state In the union, says C. J. Mcintosh of the college industrial journalism department who was here recently organizing the work in this county. Every eastern Ore gon community but one Is cooper ating in the rural reporter training which will be extended here as rap Idly as possible. Reports of the success of the course have led to frequent re quests for feature stories describ ing It In response to the call a 5000-word report of the course has been sent to the National Printer Journalist and a similar story is be ing prepared for the Country Gen tleman. The course has been given to nearly 200 students and if the edi torial campaign for rural reporters succeeds as now seems likely fully 800 more will take it, Mr. Mcintosh reports. Success means more and better rural community news, bet ter service to the communities and Improved rural life. The most de sirable change in community news reporting Is substitution of informa tion of value and news of interest for the lean, newsless personal men tion story. Fame of the Oregon way has also spread to other state colleges lead ing the American Association of Ag ricultural College Editors to put Mr. Mcintosh on the program of the an nual convention at Baton Rouge, La., August 29-Sept 1. The subject aa worded by the program com mittee is "Country Crossroads Cor respondence." Mr. Mcintosh be lieves the plan will be put into ef fect In many of the states, since al ready the demand for it has been voiced by rural reporters. Association Will Send Wool Representative James Kershaw of the Pacific Cooperative Wool G'owers, and one of the best posted wool men In the west today from the standpoint of both grading and selling, is repre senting the association at the Ore gon wool growers meeting being held at Heppner, Thursday, August 9th. Mr. Kershaw will give a grade demonstration and general discus sion of wool marketing as carried on by the Pacific how it Is sold, graded, what to look out for in pre paring the wools for market uses to which the various grades are put, and why some wools bring more money than others. Mr. Kershaw's wide experience In buying millions of pounds of wool in the field for big Boston houses, his work In charge of wool buying for the Cleveland Worsted Mills, and his varied experience since coming with the Pacific, makes him partic ularly fitted to give highly valuable and Interesting Information to wool growers on the preparation and marketing of their clips. IDA ELIZABETH YOUNG. Ida Elizabeth Young was born in Atchlnson county, Missouri, March 23, 1872, and moved with her par ents to Thomas county, Kansas, in 1885, living there until the summer of 1902 when she, with her brother, Stephen A. Barlow, came to Morrow county, where she has since resid ed. She was married January 1, 1905, to Egbert L. Young, who sur vives, and the following brothers and sisters: Mary E. Horn, Seattle, Wash.; J. F. Barlow, Boardman, D. S. Barlow and Joel Barlow of Hepp ner, Manuel Barlow of Carnation, Wash., Susan C. Love of Colby, Kan sas, May Barlow of Oakland, Calif., Minnie Schunk of Oregon City, O. B. Barlow of Portland. Mrs. Young was a kind and lov ing wife, and highly esteemed as a neighbor by the people of her com munity. When still quite young she became a Christian and lived in harmony with her profession until her death. SMOKER AT LEXINGTON. Russell Wright, Morrow county fight promoter, has announced a card for Saturday night at the Lex ington gymnasium. As the head- liner Harold Ahalt of lone will box Billy Irwin of Umatilla. Judge Car michael of Lexington is matched with the Oklahoma Kid of O. A. C. In the semi-final bout. Preliminar ies are Merle Cummlngs vs. Jim Leach, both of Lexington, and Rus sell Wright vs. Clarence Friend of Salem. Grover Peck vs. Emmet Kuns, two local lads, is the curtain raiser. Jimmy Emmctt and his Midnight Sons, a Salem dance or chestra, will play for dancing fol lowing the smoker. LIGHTNING STRIKES. During the electrical storm last Thursday evening, lightning struck at the Joe Devlne place out north of Lexington. Mr. and Mrs. Devine were just returning home from a visit to Pendleton, and a few min utes before arriving In the barn yard the bolt struck not a great way from the barn in the pathway. The dry grass was fired, and for a time there was a pretty lively battle on to get the fire under control. The striking of the lightning was wit nessed from the place of George White, and men from there and the Devine place beat the flames out with wet Backs, no serious damage being done. Jason Blddle, lower Rhea creek rancher, was In Heppner yesterday for a few hours on business. They Are Getting Dog-gone Tired of This Job K0AC Closed Summer; New Quarters In the Fall Oregon State Agricultural Col lege, Corvallis, July 31. KOAC, col lege radio, will close down today for the remainder of the summer. When broadcasting Is resumed about September 15 the ftatlon will be installed in new studios having new 1000-watt transmitting equip ment of latest design. With its fall program KOAC plans a schedule in keeping with Its policy of "carrying the college, to the people of the state." Programs will contain a wide variety of lec tures on cultural and technical sub jects entertainment such as athletic contest broadcasts and programs by student musical organizations and farm service. The farm service programs, to re ceive particular emphasis, will in clude weather reports, market news and interpretations, news bulletins, and timely topics As in the past the keynote of KOAC programs will be service to the state," says W. L. Kadderly, pro gram director. The college sta tion occupies a unique situation among coast broadcasters in that it ',s operated as one means of enab ling Oregon residents to get direct returns on their Investment in re search, extension, and resident in struction activities here, and does not attempt to enter the broad en tertainment field covered by many commercial stations." The studio will be In the new phy sics building constructed by use of tuition fees. MORROW GENERAL HOSPITAL. Mrs. E. S. Duran of Lexington, who has been 111 at the hospital for some time following a major oper ation, was discharged this week and returned to her home. Mrs. Shelly Baldwin, who has been seriously ill, is much better now and able to sit up. Mrs. Ed Bergstrom of Eight Mile was admitted to the hospital Tues day to undergo medical treatment. Alice Cason, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.-John Cason, underwent a mi nor operation recently for a badly Infected finger. Mrs. Lawrence Reaney and baby have returned to their home at Lex ington. Chas. Ritchie, who has been ser iously ill with Influenza, Is much bet ter and On the road to recovery. Di.'lbert Emart, who has been un der medical treatment, has returned to his home at lone. Mrs. J. C. Stapleton is 111 with a light form of intestinal influenza. Sidney Zinter of Eight Mile was Injured Wednesday while fighting fire in the mountains. He fell and injured his knee Joint. NEW OFFICES AT ELEVATOR. The Heppner Farmers Elevator company is rapidly completing new quarters for their office in the east end of the warehouse above the ele vator. A light cheery and modern ofilce in every respect will be had when the work Is completed. A room has been built In the north east corner of the warehouse, with a wide window facing the east en trance through which the trucks drive on the weighing scales, for handling the hauling business. The walls have been' papered with a light-colored tint paper, and all elec trical fittings and equipment to be installed are up to the minute. W. W. Smead returned home Sun day evening from a visit to Port land to which point he acomDanlod Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Curtis, who were returning to their home In Marsh- field after a visit at the Smead home hore. LOCAL NEWS ITEMS Mr. and Mrs. O. G. Crawford ar rived from Joseph on Wednesday afternoon and are visiting here over the week end with the Heppner rel atives. Mr. Crawford, who has been editor of the Joseph Herald for the past seven years, has disposed of his paper to Lawrence Allen of Eu gene, who took charge this week, and now the former editor is look ing for a Job, or new location. From here the Crawfords will motor to Astoria and thence to Pasco, Wn., for short visits with sisters resid ing at these points, and then will return to Joseph; Mr. Crawford has in contemplation the taking over of the Republican at Union, though the deal has not yet been consummated. Mr. and Mrs. L. W. Broggs and daughter, Miss Opal Briggs, re turned Friday evening from their vacation trip of two weeks, which took them as far north as Chewelah, Wash., where Millard French, bro ther of Mrs. Briggs, now resides. While they had a pleasant trip In many respects and saw much of the Inland Empire, their trip was some what marred by the excessively hot weather that prevailed over the Northwest at the time. George Noble, wife and three chil dren of Winnemucka, Nevada, and Mrs. Jennie McCarter of Oakland, California, arrived here on Friday afternoon for a visit at the home of their mother, Mrs! Mildred Noble. Frank Noble came over from Mt Vernon, Ore., on Tuesday and with their brother, Mayor Eugene No ble of this city have been enjoying a family reunion at the home of Mother Noble. Mr. and Mrs. P. M. Gemmell and children and Mrs. Emma Gemmell departed Sunday morning for Sea side. The elder Mrs. Gemmell will remain at the ocean resort with the children while Paul and his wife attend the Legion convention being held at Medford this week end. Following the convention they ex pected to return to Seaside for the balance of their vacation. The funeral of the late Mrs. Lydla Virginia Ritchie was held at lone last Friday forenoon, being largely attended by relatives and friends. Mrs. Ritchie had been a resident of lone for many years. She was the widow of the late John H. Ritchie and at the time of her death was aged 59 years and 3 months. She is survived by three sons and four daughters. John Williams who farms south west of lone was in Heppner on Tuesday for a short while. He has finished with his wheat harvest and the grain turned out many bushels to the acre better than he expected. The yields in that vicinity have been very good so far this season. H. D. Fear and wife of Portland were visitors In this city for a short time on Tuesday, driving up from their Portland home. After spend ing a few hours In this county they motored to Wapato, Wash., where Mrs. Fear has a sister living, for a short visit W. V. Pedro reports considerable damage by fire to his range on the Hamilton ranch. Some 80 acres of range land were burned over but there was little loss of timber. He reported the fire well under control when he was In town Tuesday. Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell Thorn and Mrs. Thorn's mother, Mrs. Woolley, departed on Friday evening last for the Tillamook beach. They will spend two weeks vacationing at Oceanslde, one of the lovllest re sorts on the Oregon coast Manager Farnsworth announces that the Legion swimming pool will be open on Saturday and Sunday, August 4 and 5, and should the weather be excessively warm, It will be open on Friday afternoon, also. By Albert T. Reid Beware Typhoid Carrier At Your Picnic or Social (From State Board of Health) Several months ago there were reported from Warrenton, Oregon, eleven cases of typhoid fever. Sus picion naturally fell upon the water and milk supplies of that city, since these substances are the most com mon vehicles of typhoid fever In fection. The water supply was found safe. Milk was excluded as the causative agent because at least half the patients were adults who drank little or no milk, and because those who did drink milk obtained it from their own cows. There was no common supply. A careful study of the epidemic showed that all were infected approximately within the same day. Further investiga tion brought out the fact that about two weeks previous to the outbreak a social was held at the house of one of the patients, each guest con tributing some food for the Tneal. All of the persons who came down with typhoid fever partook of a sal ad prepared by one of the woman guests. This woman was a recent arrival from Washington and was convalescing from some intestinal trouble which she stated the doctor had diagnosed as typhoid fever. Correspondence with the Washing ton State Board of Health brought out the fact that this woman did have typhoid fever about six weeks previous to her arrival In Oregon. typhoid carriers, convalescent or healthy, are practically always the the sources of outbreaks of typhoid at picnics and socials, particularly where each guest contributes some dish to the general food supply. Outbreaks of so-called "ptomaine poisoning" which are frequently re ported in the newspapers also have their origin in carriers, these be ing paratyphoid carriers. Paraty phoid germs are very closely relat ed to typhoid germs, and are the cause of many food infections. Foods which are frequently Involv ed In outbreaks of paratyphoid in fections are milk, ice-cream, salads, and meats. There is evidence that paraty phoid food infections may also be caused by the contamination of food by rodents. While such con tamination can be very easily guard ed against and prevented, avoid ance of contamination by the hu man carrier presents a more ser ious problem, since such carriers can be detected only by a laboratory examination of the fecal and urin ary discharges. Personal cleanliness plays an Im portant part in the prevention of the spread of disease. At the ex pense of being called squeamish or uncouth refuse to eat dainty sand wiches, tempting salads, or refresh ing Ice cream if you know that the person who prepared these dishes was careless in personal hygiene and sanitation. At every picnic and social the sword of Damocles is the typhoid and paratyphoid carrier. NEARNESS OF GOD. "God is not far from each one of us," but few of us realize It enough to let our lives be guided by that fact. How near is He? How near is he to you? This theme will be discussed at the evening service at the Church of Christ Be there for the song service at eight o'clock. The morning theme, "Hearing the Word, is a study of the Roman let ter. This service Is at ten o'clock Besides these services we also in vite attendance at Bible School and Christian Endeavor at 9 a. m. and 7 p. m. respectively. MILTON W. BOWER, Minister, Annabel Turner has as a guest this week Marjorle Holman of Yak ima, who is visiting with relatives at lone and Heppner. East. Oregon Doctors Confer at La Grande Dr. A. H. Johnston returned on Sunday from La Grande, where he attended the meeting of the East ern Oregon Medical society, held there on Friday and Saturday. With twelve eminent Northwest doctors giving papers before an as semblage of nearly fifty medical men from over the state, the largest annual Eastern Oregon District Medical society meeting yet held convened at the Sacajawea hotel. Dr. Alfred H. Johnston of Heppner, president presided at the sessions. Dr. oger Biswell of Baker, vice president, and Dr. J. B. Gregory of Wlalowa, secretary, were present and Dr. Lee Bauvy of La Grande was chairman of tie committee of welcome. The sessions were devoted purely to discussions of problems of the medical world, and subjects were so technical that they meant little directly to the layman, but they meant much to the physician and surgeon as evidenced at the sessions where the keenest interest was man ifested. One sensed in the groups of doctors a concenrtation of thought on problems and a whole hearted absorbtlon of the discuss ions of the particular moment The importance of such a gathering of men versed and skilled in a fore most science that has as its pur pose service to humanity is evident The counties embraced in the as sociation are Baker, Crook, Gilliam, Grant Lake, Harney, Malheur, Morrow, Umatilla, Sherman, Union, Wallowa and Wheeler. The list of distinguished speakers contained the names of Dr. Hugh Mount, president of the State Med ical society; Dr. Richard Dillehunt Dr. Ray Matson, Dr. Harold Bean, Dr. G. C. Schauffler, Dr. Louise K. Poyntz, all of Portland, also prom inent speakers from Seattle and Denver and Dr. Phy of Hot Lake. At the business session officers for the coming year were elected as follows: Dr. John B. Gregory of Wallowa, president; Dr. John P. Brennan of Pendleton, vice-presi dent; Dr. Lewa Wilkes, La Grande, secretary-treasurer; Dr. Thomas Higgins of Baker and Dr. W. D. McNary of Pendleton, delegates to the state convention. The next meeting place will be Wallowa lake. The convention was brought to a close by a banquet at Sacajewa Inn for the doctors and their wives, dur ing which there was a special pro gram. The visiting ladies were en tertained in the afternoon at a bridge luncheon .and the forenoon was given to rides about the city and environs. The meeting was a pronounced success, and Dr. John ston received much praise for the plendid program he was able to pre sent Big Fire Consumes Two Sections of Range Land A large range fire on the east branch of Sand Hollow, set by the electrical storm Thursday evening, burned over two sections of land on the Mike Kenny and W. B. Bar ratt & Son ranches before it was put under control. Lack of water made fighting very difficult, and af ter residents in the vicinity had fought it all Thursday night a call was sent in to Heppner Friday morning for help. Many responded to the call and it was in hand by Friday noon. It is reported no wheat or grain fields were included as the entire area covered is range land. The fire was approaching the John Ken ny ranch where considerable grain is grown when it was controlled. QUAID LAND SOLD. Mrs. Pauline Quaid spent several days here this week, coming up from her home at Portland on Mon day. While here Mrs. Quaid dis posed of the 4500 acres of land com prising the old Quaid homestead on Balm Fork to W. H. Cleveland. Mr. Cleveland has thus added to his holdings in the county, and as the land adjoins his Willow creek place he now has one of the best layouts of any of the sheepmen In the Hepp ner vicinity. Mrs. Quaid still owns considerable land here and is mov ing to make disposal of it all. She states that it was In 1874 when she and her late husband, Thos. Quaid located on the Balm Fork ranch, and their home was established there for a great many years pre vious to their going to Portland twenty years ago. The Quaid home in the city at that time was pretty well out from the business center but now it is being surrounded by big buildings and Mrs. Quaid be lieves the time has arrived to make sale of this property also, and she will place it on the market Mrs. Quaid went to Pendleton today for a visit with relatives there before returning home. Mr. and Mrs. Fred G. Johnson and Miss Irene Johnson, all of Port land, motored to Heppner on Fri day and were guests at the home of their brother, Dr. A. H. John ston. They came up for a visit with their mother, Mrs. Arabella John ston, who is still a patient ta the home of her son and is slowly re covering from a prolonged Illness. Among the list of divorces grant ed In the court of Judge Morrow at Portland on Wednesday, as re ported in the Oregonian, is noted the case of Josephine Schempp vs. George M. Schempp. The schempps were formerly residents of Heppner and still own some property here. Yields Better Than Ex pected and Grain is of High Quality. Wheat movement has been slow into Heppner the -past week, with the excessive heat and forest fires causing delays In the harvest fields and in hauling. Reports coming in show very few fields making less than a 15-bushel average, and the grain is of exceptionally high qual ity generally. Movement to market is also slow, and with the exception of some contract grain practically no shipments to the outside are be ing made. No grain sales are re ported this week, with the market in a Blump. The bid price on hard red winter at Heppner yesterday was $1.08. Local warehousemen expect the peak of the season's hauling in an other week, which should reach in the neighborhood of 3000 sacks a day. The very hot weather exper ienced for several days last week caused many harvesting crews to lay off, the horses especially suffer ing intensely from the heat On top of this came the forest fires, start ed by the electrical storm of Thurs day night which caused many wheat trucks to be commandeered for hauling men and supplies to the mountains, thus making a big slump in wheat delivery. In all sections growers have been pleasantly surprised to find their wheat making a better yield than, expected. The long dry spell dur ing the growing season was gener ally thought to have cut the yield very greatly. But during much of this time the weather was cool, and this is thought to have saved the wheat to a great extent Most of the fall sown wheat filled well, and with the exception of some soft fed eration that was nipped by a late freeze, Is making a high test Spring wheat in some sections waa bene fitted greatly by the rains the lat ter part of June, but generally speaking, the spring crop is very short It is Impossible to give anything like an exact estimate on, the total county yield at the present time. However, the earlv reDorts show an average per ticre yield several bu shels less than last year, and the total acreage in crop being consid erably leas than a year ago. It la safe to say the county wheat output will be at least a fourth less than for 1927, but should be well abeve the ten-year average. A peculiar feature of the season in Morrow county is that barley, which in some sections almost In variably makes a good yield, failed to make a crop this year, and re ports say there will be no barley harvested anywhere In the county. Though the stand in many places was good, and the heads appeared to be plump and healthy, it was found when starting to cut that there were but a very few kernels in each head. Dan Engelman Dies at The Dalles on Monday Word was received by friends here on Tuesday of the death of Dan Engelman at a hospital in The Dalles on Monday night He had been ill for a long time and was be ing cared for in the hospital, his condition being such for many months that death was expected to occur at most any moment Mr. Engelman was for a good many years a resident of Heppner and Morrow county and had formed many warm friendships here. He was a member of the Masonic fra ternity, holding his membership in an eastern city, and Robert Wight- man, master of Heppner lodge of Masons, ordered a wreath of flowers as a token of esteem from the or der here to be presented at the fu neral which was held In The Dalles at 2:30 Wednesday afternoon. HEPPNER HOSPITAL. Dr. McMudo was called to Lex ington this morning to attend Ted McMillan, who was suffering from food poisoning. Homer Mankin suffered fracture of the collar bone while cranking a combine on the Ed Engleman ranch in the lone district one day this week. Jim Bates is suffering from a badly infected finger caused from a splinter which he picked up while at work on the Albert Bowker farm. Elsie Tucker is suffering from an infected thumb. Mrs. Jim Stout and infant daugh ter returned home from the hospital Tuesday. L. V. Gentry, who has been 111 for the past week was reported in a very critical condition this morn ing. Mrs. Wm. LcTrace is much Im proved after her recent Illness and will leave the hospital shortly. O. Michael Jones received a bad ly sprained ankle when thrown from a header at the W. L. Copen haver ranch this week. Gene Doherty is confined to the hospital, suffering an attack of ap pendicitis complicated by Influenza. EPISCOPAL CHURCH. Celebration of Holy Communion at 7:00 o'clock. Sunday school at 9:45 o'clock. "O worship the Lord In the beauty of holiness; let the whole earth stand In awe of Him." REV. STANLEY MOORE, Missionary in Charge.