Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current, December 10, 1925, Image 1

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    . Historical Society,
Volume 42, Number 37.
Subscription $2.00 a Year
Economy Program and
Participation in World
Court Favored.
President Applauds Locarno Treaty;
Urges Prohibition Enforcement t
and Reduction of Debt.
Washington. D. C, Dec. 9. Presi
dent Coolidge In his message to Con
gress made a literal report upon the
state of the Union. The condition of
the country, he said, was one of pro
gress and prosperity- Further im
provements were to be secured by per
fecting details of management, not by
new or radical adventures. Congress
is a national, not a local, government
body. That must be borne in mind,
for local self government is one of
our most precious possessions.
Government Economy
The wealth of the country, he said,
is private not public. No right exists
to levy on a dollar or to expend a
dollar of the money of the public ex
cept for a necessary public purpose..
Progress has been made. The expen
ditures for 1925 were five timea as
great as in 1916, the last pre-war
year, if debt and war time expenses
and obligations are deducted we find
that the general governmental out
lay is onjy slightly more than twice
as large as in 1916. The real im
provement must come not from addi
tional curtailment of expenses but
a more intelligent spending. Our
economy must be constructive. That
1s economy in the best sense. It is
an avoidance of waste that there may
be the means for an outlay tomorrow.
Public Debt. Its Reduction.
We still have an enormous debt of
twenty billions o(, dollars. Our ex
penditures are close to $30 for every
inhabitant and for the average fam
ily a tax, directly or indirectly paid,
of $150 for national purposes. To
this local taxes must be added. Our
war debt has been reduced six bil
lions of dollars, which means an an
nual saving in interest of closo to two
hundred and fifty million dollars. The
sooner the debt is retired the more
will the tax payers save in interest.
It has always been our policy to re
tire our debts; the Civil War debt
was retired in 23 years. Referring to
the argument lately raised, that our
debt should be allowed to run for 62
years as in European countries, the
President said that in the retirement
of a billion dollars of the debt in
twenty years, at 414, the cost to
the taxpayers is a total of one billion
eight hundred and fifty million dol
lars, while if the same sum is paid
at the end of 62 years the cost is three
billion six hundred and thirty-five
million dollars, or almost double.
Taxation, the Revenue BUI
While admitting that the income
tax exemptions, as set forth in the
new revenue bill, go somewhat fur
ther than he would have gone, and go
as far as he thinks it is safe to go,
the President commends the bill as
submitted and the patriotic attitude
of the members of the ways and
means committee which framed the
bill. He says he is advised it will be
through the House by Christmas and
he hopes Congress as a whole will
follow this course so the tax payers
can have relief by the time their first
tsx payment is due in March. The
aim in reducing expenditures, he
says, is to reduce taxes, not to bene
fit the rich but all the people, to en
courage industry that employment
may be plentiful, to make business
good that wages may be good, to en
courage prosperity that poverty may
be banished from the homes.
Locarno Agreements
The message . stresses the import
ance of the Locarno pacts for the
peace of Europe and the world. To
day a firmer friendship exists between
America and the rest of the world
than has ever existed at any previous
time. America, the message recites,
took, no formal part In tho negotia
tions, but on July 3rd, in Masaachu-
setts, the message says, tho President
publicly advocated such an agreement
By precept and example America has
thus aided. When finally adopted, the
message says, the national corollary
to these treaties should be further
international contracts for tho limi
tation of armaments on land and sea,
The World Court
The proposal pending before the
Senate for nearly three years to ad
here to the protocol establishing the
Permanent Court of World Justice
was mado depending on four condi
tions; first, that by supporting the
Court we do not assume any obliga
tions under the League; second, thnt
we participate upon an equality with
other states in election of Judges
third, that Congress shall dotermine
what part of the expense we shnll
bear; fourth, that tho statute creat-
lug the Court shall not be amended
without our consent. To those I have
proposed an additional condition, thnt
we are not to be found by advisory
opinions rendered without our con
sent. The Court derives all Its au
thorily from the statute and it is so
completely independent of tho League
thnt it could go on functioning if th
leaguo were disbnnded, at least until
the terms of the Judges expired. No
provision of the statute seems to m
(Continued on Pag Six)
No Promise Yet Made That th
Heppner-Spray Road Will
Be Put on Map.
In order that they might present
the matter of putting the Heppner
Spray road on the map and thus re
ceive cooperation from the state
highway commission. Judge R. L.
Benge and Commissioners Bleakman
and Davidson were in Portland and
attended the meeting of the com
mission held there Tuesday, at which
time also representatives of the bu
reau of roads of the forest sreviee
were present.
Judge Benge got home Wednesday.
and reports that the efforts of the
county court at this particular meet
ing availed them nothing in the way
of the expected cooperation. How
ever, they are led to believe that the
putting of .this road on the map Is
only a matter of time. Commisslon-
r Duby, chairman of the highway
commission, gave expression to the
thought that they were not opposed
to the proposition, but at this par
ticular time they were in no position
to take favorable action. Money is
lacking and other demands are too
pressing. Judge Benge is sure that
the desires of our people in regard
to this road will be met, but just how
soon, he would venture no opinion.
Numerous items to be considered
n the adoption of this piece of road
at a state highway project will enter
into the matter. Tho part that the
government will take and just how
much money they will appropriate on
the construction of the road is one.
Then the part the county will play in
the financing is another, and when
these two forces are brought together
n a program that will mean the com
pletion of the work when it is under
taken, it will have much to do with
the action of the highway commission
will take, or just how far they will
go in the matter of finance.
The forest bureau of roads will con
tinue their budget meeting in Janu
ary, and at that time they may decide
to place some money for work on the
Hardman-Spray section of this road,
and should they do this, the way may
be opened for getting action that will
ultimately mean the building and
completion of the Heppner-Spray
road. Our county court put up as
good argumentsaa they were able to
at Tuesday's meeting and they have
a right to expect that results will fol-
ow in due course of time.
Annual Lodge of Sorrow Held Sunday
to Honor Departed Members;
Van Vactor Makes Address.
"If every prayer of Elkdom today
were a rose, and every sigh for a de
parted brother a violet, our altars
would become mountuins of flowers.
And, if the outpourings of loving
hearts and ministrations of loving
hands could but alleviate the pain
and suffering of a worn and weary
world, could call back, for one brief
moment, those dear faces that we are
fain to hope look down upon us today
from the azure tinted rim of heaven,
Elkdom would have solved the mys
tery of life and death, and there
would be no pain or sorrow here. If
the great God of Love and Justice
would but again, on the mountain
top, proclaim to this mirth-maddened
world, in this age of revelry and
seeming forgetfulness: 'Thou shalt
have no other gods before me;' if the
teachings and spirit of the man who,
for thirty years, was a carpenter in
Nazareth, could but again dominate
the heart throbs and touch the heart
chords of youth; if there could be
but a new clinging to the old rugged
cross, there would follow the restora
tion of the family fireside, in all of
its purity and lovliness, an awakening
of reverence and sympnthy for age
and infirmity, and a far flung mes-
sage to the people of earth, of rest,
of peace "and virtue, a message of
cheer and hope to disheartened hu
This, an extract from the oration of
Sam E. Van Vactor, was but one of
tho gems of thought that filled his
address before the assemblage gath
ercd at Elks' temple Sunduy after
noon to participate in the annual
lodge of sorrow. The attendance was
large and the program throughout was
of a vrey excellent order, each num
ber being well rendered by talent that
was mostly new to Hcppner people.
Mr. Van Vactor did not fail to pay
proper respect to that evor-increns
ing number of departed brothers of
Hcppner Lodge, of which he is i
member, and each number of the pro
gram was of such nature that it fitted
Into the general sentiment of an oc
casion befitting tho benevolence of
the order.
You'll be sorry If you miss the rip
rnoring comedy the Rhea Creek
Grnngcrs are presenting at their hall
on the evening of Friday, Dec. 11, at
8 o'clock, They will also hnvo an
auction sale of fancy work and farm
products. One beautiful quilt will
bo disposed of, nil to be followed by
a free supper mid dance after the
pitgiam, Come and help tho Grange
start their fund for a now hall, and
profit yourself at the same time
Don't be sorry,
yyjjW "X
Vtt.mg- ceDiy CHRISTMAS p
Thirty-six Heppner high students
are talking, eating and dreaming
about debate this week, following the
announcement of the interclass con
tests to be hold Monday, Wednesday
and Friday of next week. Nine per
sons have been selected to represent
each class, and these will be divided
nto three teams of three members
each. Each team will meet one from
rival class. The members of the
teams arc: freshman, Dorothy Her-
ren, Jack Casteel, Terrel Benge, Paul
Jones, Harlan Devin, Margaret Not-
son, Elizabeth Elder, Clarence Hayes
and Velton Owen; sophomore, Gerald
Slocum, Zaida Tash, Kenneth Merritt,
Kenneth Oviatt, Ellis Thomson, Nel-
ie Babcock, Robert Turner, Lois
Reid and Stephen Thompson; junior,
Aura Gentry, Marvin Gemmell, Ethel
Moore, Orrin Bisbee, Merle Becket,
Louise Thomson, Marjorie Clark, Eral
Ayers and Mary Ritchie; senior. Duck
Lee, Lucile McDuffee, . Crocket
Sprouls, Bernard Dohcrty, Leonard
Schwarz, Margaret Prophet, Eugene
Doherty, John Turner and Clifford
Monday, December 14, the fresh
man negative and the sophomore af
firmative, the junior affirmative and
the senior negative will debate the
question "Resolved that the primary
election law in the State of Oregon
should be abolished."
Wednesday the .question will be
Resolved that the plan of divided
sessions of the legislature should be
adopted in Oregon" with the junior
negative and sophomore affirmative,
the freshman affirmative and the se
nior negative as contestants.
"Resolved that Oregon should adopt
a system of old-age pensions" is the
question that will be debated Friday
by the junior affirmative and the
freshman negative, the senior affirm
ative and the sophomore negative.
Football uniforms and equipment
have been put away for the 1925-26
school year and in their stead have
appeared from their hjding place the
wherewithal for basketball ' games,
Practice begins this week, so on Mon
day afternoon the boys met for the
tentative organization of the teams.
Each class will have Its own group
of contestants, and from these the
all-school team will later be chosen.
Practice will be held every night un
dcr the direotion of Coach Finch.
In addition to the boys' teams the
girls of the school will compete in in
terclass basketball, with Miss Miller
as coach. They will hold workouts
three times each week.
New members of the Hcppnerian
society were presented to the student
body in a program held in the assem
bly Friday afternoon. Rcta Craw
ford and Audrey Beymer gave the
drat number of the program, a char
actor skit. Nellie Babcock, Ethel
Moore and Mury Case gave readings.
The biggeRt single event of the past
week was the formal banquet tendered
the football team by the members of
the Arion literary socioty Friday eve
ning at the school. Covers were laid
for more than fifty football men
members of the high school faculty
and Arions. The menu was; fruit
cocktail, roast chicken, gravy, brown
potatoes, creamed cauliflower, carrot
peanut salad, parkor house roll
fronch pastry nnd coffee.
The plnn of the toast was thnt of
the structure of a football. Those
who talked on their topics wero "The
Outer Part of the Ball," Mr. Finch;
"The Inner Part of the Ball," Mar-
Woolgrowers to Meet
In Heppner Saturday
To get a better understanding of
the present relations between the
Forest Service and the wool growers
and to get behind a movement to
modify certain of the Forest Service
regulations, a meeting of the wool
growers will be held in Hotel Hepp
ner dining room Saturday, December
12, at 2 p. m.
At this time a committee of the
Wenaha Permittees Association and
their attorney, H. C. Bryson of Walla
Walla, will be present and will ex
plain the action they have taken on
Forest Service matters. Representa
tive wool growers from Grant, Wheel
er and Gilliam counties have prom
ised to attend.
Among the subjects that will be
taken up will be the question of mod
ification of the blanket rule on bed
ding out and other matters of much
importance to local wool growers.
The meeting is being called by R.
A. Thompson, president of the Uma
tilla Permittees Association and all
wool growers of Morrow and adjoin
ing counties are invited to attend.
Heppner unit, American Legion
Auxiliary, met in regular session nt
Bethel chapel Monday night, the prin
cipal business being the election of
officers for the coming year. Mrs.
Morse, president, and Mrs. Moore,
secretary, having declined nomination
for reelection the following officers
were unanimously chosen; Mrs. Ar
thur McAtee. president. Mrs. Walter
'Moore, vice-president, Mrs. A. H.
Johnston, secretary-treasurer, Mrs.
Dick Wells, historian. Tho following
were elected to the executive com
mittee: Mrs. A. M. Phelps, Mrs. F.
E. Farrior, Mrs. Harold Cohn. Fur
ther contributions of jelly having
been received, another shipment for
Hospital 77 is being planned before
Heppner Lodge No. 69, A. F. & A,
M., chose their new officers for the
coming year last Saturday night. C.
J. D. Bauman was elected W. M.; F.
E. Farrior, S. W.; R. W. Wightman,
J. W.; Frank Gilliam, treasurer, and
L. W. Briggs, secretary. Plans have
been completed for a joint installa
tion on Monday evening, Dec. 21, with
Ruth Chapter No. 32, O. E. S., who
hold their election tomorrow evening.
garet Prophet; "The Lacings," Eu
gene Doherty; "The Air," Crocket
Sprouls; "The Air Pump," Duck Lee;
and "The Boot Behind the Punt,"
Miss Simpson.
Following the banquet, the guests
went to the music room and were en
tertained by a program of music and
To celebrate the year's success in
football and provido a gay get-together
for the members of the team, the
"H" club held its annual banquet Sat
urday evening. An unlimited amount
of food, and peppy talks by members
of the team and faculty made the ba
sis for a gala evening.
The third grade was awarded the
prise for having the most mothers at
the last Patron-Teachers' meeting,
held Tuesday afternoon in the assem
bly hall. Mrs. Alford and Miss Fred
rockson gave papers on "The Child
of Pre-School Age" and "Tho Ele
mentary Ago of tho Child." Frecod
ing these papers, Miss Miller sang a
solo and later Mrs. Gemmell gave a
Interclass Contests Will Precede
Choosing of Team to Represent
School in Other Meets.
Activity in debate is assuming a
paramount place on the high school
calendar this year, with the goal of
working up a representative high
school team which shall be able to
meet and cope favorably with teams
from neighboring schools, in much
the same manner as athletic contests
are held.
To this end a series of interclass
forensic clashes will be held Monday,
Wednesday and Friday of next week,
to be participated in by a picked
group from each English class. The
members of this group have been se
lected after the completion of the
intraclass debates, in which members
of the same English class debated
against each other.
The contests next week, which will
decide the class championship, will
be held in the assembly hall of the
high school, with persons not direct
ly connected with the school as
judges. Anyone interested in hear
ing the debates is invited to attend.
The following week the winners
of the interclass championships will
compete for the P. T. A. cup, and the
victors in this event will have their
names engraved upon the cup, and
shall be declared the champions of
the school.
Judgment of the debaters' ability
is to be based on six points, the com
bination of which form the ideal de
bater. The first point is originality,
and this is to be stressed greatly,
with insistence on each contestant
doing his own work and doing it in
his own way. Other points are de
livery, stage presence, argumentation,
veracity of statement, and use of Eng
lish. The schedule for next week is:
Monday morning, December 14,
freshman negative vs. sophomore af
firmative and junior affirmative vs.
senior negative. Proposition "Re
solved: that the primary election law
in the state of Oregon should be abol
Wednesday morning, December 16,
junior negative vs. sophomore affir
mative and freshman affirmative vs.
senior negative. Proposition, "Re
solved: that the plan of divided ses
sions of the legislature should be
adopted in Oregon."
Friday morning, December 18, ju
nior affirmative vs. freshman nega
tive and senior affirmative vs. soph
omore negative. Propositoin, "Re
solved: that Oregon should adopt a
system of old age pensions.
In each case the first debate will
start at 9:00 o'clock, and will be fol
lowed at 9:45 by the second.
Members of the teams are: fresh
man, Dorothy Hcrren, Jack Casteel
Terrell Benge, Paul Jones, Harlan
Devin, Margaret Notson, Elizabeth
Elder, Clarence Hayes, and Velton
Brown; sophomore, derald Slocum
Zaida Tash, Kenneth Merritt, Ken
neth Oviatt, Ellis Thomson, Nellie
Babcock, Robert Turner, Stephen
Thompson, and Lois Reid; junior,
Aura Gentry, Marvin Gemmell, Ethel
Moore, Orrin Bisbee, Merle Becket,
Louise Thomson, Marjorie Clark, Earl
Ayers, and Mary Ritchie; senior, Duck
Lee, Lucile McDuffee, Crocket Sprouls,
Bernard Doherty, Leonard Schwarz,
Margaret Prophet, Eugene Doherty,
John Turner and Clifford Driscoll.
On Saturday, Dec. 12, the ladies of
Bethel Chapel will hold their annual
bazaar in the chapel rooms.
Oregon Senator Would Turn Over
to States Full Proceeds
From Public Lands.
Senator Robert Nelson Stanfield, re
publican, of Oregon, chairman of the
senate public lands committee, an
nounced at Chicago Monday that at
the coming session of congress he
would introduce a bill providing for
turning over the full proceeds from
utilization of public lands to the va
rious states in which government re
served property lies.
He also will urge enactment of a
law giving rights to basic industries
that now are dependent upon utiliza
tion of such resource's, such as the
livestock men, who now graze catfle
upon the public lands only by permit
of the bureau of forestry.
Development of the eleven western
states in which the government has
180,000,000 acres of unresreved public
lands and 136,000,000 acres of re
served territory, aside from national
parks, game preserves, national monu
ments and mineral and Indian reser
vations, is throttled largely by rea
son of removal from the state tax
lists of those lands, Senator Stanfield
The public lands aggregate thirty
per cent of the total area of the elev
en western states and in some of
them, the appraised value of the land
which is exempt from state taxation
is one fourth the total taxable value
of the state.
San Souic Rebekah lodge of Hepp
ner held their election on last Friday
evening and chose Ruby Corrigall,
Noble Grand; Mabel Chaffee, Vice
Grand; Lilliam Turner, secretary, and
Etta Devin, treasurer. The appoint
ive officers will be named later and
installation is set for the first meet
ing in January. A practice of the
installation ceremonies on Friday eve
ning, Dec. 18, is arranged by the
lodge that all may move smoothly on
installation night.
A hearing is on at the court house
this afternoon involving the case of
W. H. Clark and his girl wife, the
authorities not being satisfied with
the way the matter stands, it being
alleged on the part of some that the
young woman is not of responsible
Local Stockholders of Tri-State Ter-
( minal Company Hold. Meeting
Here Yesterday Afternoon.
There was a meeting of some forty
of the stockholders of the Tri-State
Terminal company residing in this
county, at I. O. O. F. hall on Wednes
day afternoon, the object being to
take some action on the reorganiza
tion of that company. This meeting
was attended by Herbert Egbert, pres
ident of the state Farmers Union of
The Dalles, who was accompanied by
Messrs. Emreson, Richards and Rob
erts, prominent farmers of Wasco
county. Mr. Emerson was formerly
connected with the Oregon State
Grain Growers association as one of
its officers. These men seemed to fa
vor the Tri-State company being
placed on its feet again, and after
some discussion of the matter, a vote
was taken, and the meeting also
strongly endorsed this move, there
being but two dissenting votes. Af
ter trying to liquidate, the Tri-State
company found that it could not do so
without a great sacrifice of its prop
erty which in turn would result in a
heavy loss to the stockholders, and
so it is proposed to stay in business
long enough to meet an upturn in
Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Vaughn depart'
ed on Sunday for Rochester, Minn.,
taking their little daughter, Eloise, to
the Mayo Bros.' institution for sur
gical treatment. They expect to be
absent for about four months, as it
will require this length of time for
the surgeons to do their work and re
move the trouble from which the lit
tle girl has been a sufferer for sev
eral years.
On Wednesday evening, Dec, 2, st
their regular meeting. Willow Lodge
No. 66, I. O. O. F., held their elec
tion, which resulted as follows; J. J.
Wightamn, N. G.; Adam Knoblock, V.
G.; A. M. Phelps, secretary, nnd Al
bert Adkins, treasurer. The appoint
ive officers will be named later and
the date of installation is set for
Wednesday evening, January 6, 1926,
Mr. and Mrs. Cf L. Sweck have
adopted a young son, Mrs. Sweek ar
riving from Portland the past week
with the child. The boy is mighty
bright little fellow, 17 months old,
has been well trained and cared for
in the institution for homeless chil
dren in Portland, and his newly ac
quired parents are mighty proud of
him. Wa note that Cul has already
assumed a more fatherly and digni
fled appearance since welcoming the
littlo lad Into his home.
By Arthur Brisbane
Exporting Power.
Why Did I Eat Too Much.
Solitary Confinement.
The Scandinavians run a cable un
der the water, ship and sell power to
There's a hint for New England,
especially for Maine, which intelli
gently plans to harness the great
tides in the Bay of Fundy. The
Maine export about which w-j know
most is seed potatoes excellent po
tatoes. This writer has bought many
a carload.
The "power crop" of Maine should
bing to the State millions of dollars
every month, without the inconven
ience of fighting potato bugs.
Nothing comes suddenly. It took
a long time and several revolutions
for the humble bourgeoisie to take
power from kings, nobles and clergy,
thus increasing a thousandfold the
number of those with a share in life's
good things. And the merchants,
the "money men" did not gain power
except as they learned how to use it.
The next step along the path of
democracy will be another increase in
the number of earth's children that
share its prosperity. That step will
be taken when the great crowd learns
how to rule itself and finds competent
leaders that won't betray it.
If our men of power, have any in
telligence, the change will come a
long time hence, and as peacefully as
an election in a golf club.
The trouble is that our "big" men
take themselves too seriously, at
taching to their bank balances more
importance than to historical prece
dent and the right of others.
Frank Sasale, aged forty-five, is ar
rested for -chaining his children to
the floor, and flogging them with a
heavy rope. He beat his wife when
she released one of the children,
chained down for four days. Bootleg
Mrs. Ferguson, Governor of Texas,
takes prohibitoin seriously. She
wonders why they arrest bootleggers
who carry two or three pints for sale,
but don't arrest bootleggers worth
more than $5,000.
The Lady-Governor has something
to learn about American methods. In
this country five thousand dollars
mea'is protection, five million dollars
means immunity.
African savages capture a hippo
potamus, eat all their distended stom
achs can hold, lie down beside the car
cass, sleep, wake, eat more, sleep
again and so on.
Some die of ptomaine poisoning
as the meat gets bad. The survivors
think they have had a good time and
give thanks to the pinknosed idol
that they happen to worship.
We improve on the hippopotamus
eaters, and the Romans with large
marble receptacles to which they re
turned food previously swallowed,
that they might Bwallow more.
But our eating, like our thinking
and our ideas of justice, is of an age
1,000 years behind our scientific age.
We are nearer to cannibalism than to
civilization. Onehalf of the adults do
not even know enough to protect their
children from the effects of gorging.
New Hampshire revives solitary im
prisonment for criminals. For a
strong brain solitude is a good thing,
if not overdone.
Every man worth while see men
tal solitude, difficult to find m this
But for the weak, criminal brain
solitude is dangerous, breeds bitter
hatred, leads to insanity.
As well prescribe solitary confine
ment for a cancer patient as for a
a criminal.
On next Sunday at 11:00, Arclmea
con Creasey will hold services at the
Episcopal church in this city. The
religious educational department of
the church will convene at 9:45, an J
there is welcome for all at these ser
vices. Shop
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