The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925, March 12, 1925, Image 1

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The Gazette-Time
Volume 41, Number 50.
Subscripion $2.00 Per Year
no mm
Wife of Governor Passes
Sunday Morning After
Extended Illness.
Burn in Grant County In 1871; Sur
vived by Husband and Fire Chil
dren ; Funeral On Tueaday.
Mrs. Laura M. Pierce, wife of Gov
ernor Walter M. Pierce, died at the
family home in Salem at 9 o'clock
on Sunday morning Death followed
an illness of two years.
Funeral services ' were held from
the First Presbyterian church Tues
day afternoon, Rev. Ward Willis Long
officiating. Out of respect for Mr.
Pierce and the deceased, all state de
partments were closed during the fu
neral hour.
Laura M. Pierce was born in what
iB now Wheeler county, near Monu
ment, in central Orison, May 30,
1871. Her parents were pioneers, her
father, Peter Kudio, crossing the
plains In '49 to the coast. Her mother
came in '52. In early girlhood Bhe
moved with her parents to Milton,
Oregon, where she attended the pub
lic schoolls. Hor parents moved to
Walla Walla in 1HK7. She graduated
at Whitman college in the class of "81,
preparing herself then for a teacher,
and graduated from the Ellensburg
State Normal school in the class of
She 'was married to Walter M.
Pierce in September, 1893, and moved
to Pendleton, whero her husband was
then county clerk of Umatilla county.
She lived in Pendleton, where four
of her children were born, until 1907,
moving then to the Grand Ronde val
ley, where she and her husband lived
until he was elected governor in No
vember, 1922, since which time she
has been a resident of Snlem, Oregon.
She was the mother of five children,
Lloyd B. Pierce, aged 30, the only son,
who went as a volunteer and served
nearly two years in the World war;
her oldest daughter, Mrs. Lucile Hall,
lives in Salem, and is the wife of Har
old Hall. Her second daughter, Helen
Wilson, is the wife of Ray Wilson, a
research chemist in the employ of the
Western Electric company, New York
city. Her third daughter, Edith
Pierce, is now a junior in the Uni
versity of Oregon at Eugene, and her
youngest daughter, Lorraino, is a
senior in the Salem high school. She
also raised Clara Pierce, daughter of
her husband by a former marriage.
There arc three grandsons. There
are three older sisters and one broth
er living. She was the youngest of
nine children. '
She was a devoted mother, giving
her whole soul and energy to the
rearing of her children, caring little
for society. She was always an ex
tremely strong womnn until her first
opraetion, in October, 1919, since
which time she has suffered much.
Since February 1st, 1924, she has had
the attention of a private nurso, de
manding constnnt care. All through
her suffering and affliction she has
been kind, hopeful, cheerful and help
ful to the very last; she had an in
domitable will, keeping track of her
household affairs even after she could
no longer walk or talk aloud, insist
ing that the bills for the home come
to her, even paying her February
household accounts with her own
She was a member of the Methodist
church, becoming converted at Walla
Walla in 1HH8. Her circle of friends
was not large, but those who knew
her best prised her friendship very
highly. During the sessions when her
husband was state senator, she al
ways came with him from eastern Or
egon and was one of the well known
Indies of the stntc senate. She was
present the night her husband wns
inaugurated as governor, but was
never ablo to enter the stnte house
Mrs. Pierce took deep Interest In
her husband's political career, al
though she seldom appeared. Ho was
away from home much, both because
of his intorost In stnte affairs end be
cause his farm and cattle on the
range took him. Hut there wns the
most complete hnrmony bftweon
them. She had not been strong for
some years prior to hor sevore Illness
and Governor Pierce's solicitude for
her at all times wns extreme, Dur
ing his campaign for the nomination
two years ago he went bnck to east
ern Oregon ninny tlmos Just becHiise
he wished to see how she was gutting
along and to have a faw hours with
her. Whilo the public did not know
this, he took those night rides and
put in many extra hours, some of
them valuuble for cninpaign work, be
cause he could not benr to be awny
from hor any more than was actunlly
necessary, whilo she suffered ns only
he know she did.
Whon Mr. Pierce wns elected Gov
ernor the nowspapor reporters loon
New Treatment Possesses Merit
But Its Safety and Effective
ness Haven't Been Proven.
State Board of Health.
It la not remarkable that gold has
been considered since remote anti
quity to have curative qualities. Its
rarity, its luster and above all its in
corruptibility or In modern terms, its
resistance to oxidation, make it the
perfect metal. Many famous physi
cians have used gold in the attempt
to cure disease.
The theoretical cure of a germ dis
ease is simple. To effect It all we
have to do is to find a substance that
will kill the germ without killing the
patient. Unfortunately, most disease
germs cannot be destroyed In the pa
tient's body without endangering the
life of the patient. Up to the pres
ent time these efforts have reached
their culmination in the brilliant re
sults secured by Ehrlich and his co
workers in the use of arsenical com
pounds in syphilis and sleeping sick
ness. Compounds of antimony, bis
muth and silver have also been made
to poison the tubercle bacillus with
in the human and animal body.
In lB94-"the gold cure had a run of
popularity. The results were decid
edly conflicting in regard to the value
of gold as a curative agent, but it
was definitely shown that gold com
pounds have a Btrongly inhibiting ef
fect upon the growth of the bacillus
of tuberculosis in the test tube. The 1
most recent experiments on gold in I
tuberculosis are those coming from
the laboratory of Prof. Holger Mooll-
ganrt in Copenhagen. He injects a
gold compound which he cells "Sna
ocrysin," a double salt of gold and so
dium thiosulphate. The salt is en
tirely harmless provided the tissues
are healthy, a violent reaction, if they
are tubercular. This severe reaction
is a result of liberating large quan
tities of poison derived from the bac
teria following their destruction by
the glod,salt. To counteract this In
jurious effect a horse serum is in
jected which has been prepared by
injecting the blood of a horse with
small quantities of dead tubcrlre
bacilli over a long period of time.
This specially prepared horse serum
is beieved to neutralize the poison
coming from the gold-killed bacteria.
The claims for "Sanocrysin" as a
cure for tuberculosis have not been
proven. This cure is still in the ex
perimental stoge and much work
must be done before it CHn be given
to the world as a reliable treatment
for tuberculosis. Tubercular patients
are advised not to place false hopes
in the many highly exaggerated state
ments regarding the gold cures that
have been made by various people.
In view of the serious danger in
volved in the use of gold compounds
and in view of the extended study now j
oemg maae, patients allllcted with tu
berculosis are cautioned not to be un
duly optimistic in regard to this
treatment. No patient should discon
tinue the well-known methods for
the cure of tuberculosis by proper
regulation of their lives with special
emphasis upon REST, FOOD, and
FRESH AIR under competent medi
caUdirection. ALPINE
The Farm Bureau held it a regular
monthly meeting' Saturday evninfc,
March 7. County Acent Morse wns
present, and spoke briefly in rejrard
to certain matters of Interest. Preni
dent Bennett then introduced the
speaker of the eveninjr. County Su
perintendent Helen Walker made a
short talk, expressing -the apprecia
tion of the visiting members of the
program for the gracious hospitality
shown by several ladies of the dis
trict who served a bountiful supper
in cafeteria style to the visitinar del-
egation. Assistant State Superinten
dent W. M. Smith was the next speak
er. He announced the standardization
of the new high school and spoke in
complimentary terms of tho building
and equipment. He emphasized the
need of training for citizenship and
ictneed especially pleased with the
spirit displayed by the boys and girls
whom he met. Rev. E. C. Alford gave
an illustrated lecture on Yellowstone
Park, which was of groat interest
and educational value.
Mrs. Roger Morse gave three read
ings in her own inimitable way, de
lighting the audience. Dan Lindsay
gave a solo, and his wonderful voice
gave pleasure to his listeners, as it
always does.
The pie social realized a neat sum
for the community song books, and
the sale of candy by the high school
will enable the students to defray a
part of their expenses for the enter
tainment, March 14.
WATCHES Have you seen our
window display of tools to repair
thorn? HAYLOR.
found that Mrs, Pierce's illness was
very serious and questioned the Gov
ernor about it. To them he confided
the truth that it was a hope Ions case
of cancer, but he asked them to sny
nothing about it and to not mention
her Illness except when absolutely
necessary. The newspaper men rec
ognized the fine sentiment in the
Governor's wish and respected it. To
Mrs. Pierce the Govrenor spoke hope
fully right up to the day of her death.
Long after she realized that there
was no hope he would not admit it
to her, but talked of the time when
she would be well again and they
could go out together. When he was
in tho hospital last summer, for an
operation, he found a nurse he con
sidered especially competent, and he
took hor from the hospital at a great
ly advanced salary, to care for Mrs.
Pierce. The expense of there two
years has been tremendous, but that
has not counted for a moment with
him. To alleviate hor lufforing in
tho slightest degree, at any cost, was
his object.
When affairs of state crowded upon
him, he would say to a friend, "all
this Is nothing If only my wife were
well again."
jj "
Creston Maddock, general agent of
the Firemang Insurance Co., was call
ing here for a short time yesterday.
He makes his headquarters in Port
land, but is on the road much of the
time. While here he enjoyed look
ing up a bunch of his old schoolmates
who were all mighty glad to see him.
He was accompanied from Arlington
by1 his father, E. C. Maddock, who
took the opportunity to celebrate his
73rd birthday, and also meet old
time friends again. They returned to
Arlington last evening.
Charley Avers, who went to Port
land ten days ago to be examined by
the army physician, was committed to
the government hospital at Camp
Lewis where he will have to remain
for at least sixty days, or until it
has been- definitely determined just
what treatments he will have to un
dergo. Mr.- Ayers, who is an ex-service
man, is suffering from serious
stomach trouble, as well as other com
plications. Dr. G. G. Gnunt, E. R. Fatland, C.
K. Barker and Frank Laugh ridge were
a committee representing the Legion
Post at Condon who visited Heppner
one day the past week to look over
the swimming pool here. The post at
Condon is contemplating the building
of a pool, and they made this visit
to Heppner to get some pointers.
Mrs. L. A. Florence, who has been
under the care of physicians at Port
land for several weeks past. Is re
ported to be quite seriously ill. She
is suffering from complications aris
ing from chronic rheumatism of long
standing. Friends of Mrs. Florence
here are hoping for her speedy re
covery. Mrs. Ralph Bailey of Monmouth is
visiting with friends here. She came
up from Arlington on Friday evening
with Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Mahoney.
and will be a guest for a couple of
weeks at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
Garnett Rarratt. Mrs. Bailey was
formerly Miss Eulalia Butler, of this
A number of the aborigines have
been about the city this week. Wool
picking time is at hand, and this is
the inducement that brings these peo
ple to the county, that they may gath
er in a small harvest off the ranges.
Frank Gilliam attended the meet
ing of the state hardware dealers as
sociation in Portland the past week.
He was elected as one of the members
of the executive committee of that
W. V. Pedro, sheepman and rancher
of Cecil, was in Heppner on Friday.
He expects to have some garden truck
this summer, judging from the
amount and variety of seeds he took
out with him.
Spencer Crawford departed for Ar
lingtcn late last evening, his destina
tion being Eugene, whero tho con
ference of the Oregon Editorinl asso
ciation is on for the Inst two days of
this week.
Heppner Chapter No, 20, R. A. M ,
will have work in the Royal Arch
degree at their regular meeting to
be held at Masonic hall on Thursday
evening, March 19.
Edward Chinn and wife and son
Dnniel returned homo on Sunday eve
ning from Portland. They spent sev
eral days the past week in the city.
Tho banquet and dance given by
the Elks at Condon will be held on
the 21st, instead of the 20th ns stat
ed in Inst woek's paper.
Painting, kalsomining and paper
hanging; all work guaranteed; esti
mates free. Call H. E. Instono, Main
S03, Jleppner,
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Engolman of
lone were visitors in Heppner' for a
short while on Monday afternoon,
For Sale Trimmed hats, from San
dy Hat Shop, Portland, Ore. Nettie
Flower, Heppner,
The ladies of the Methodist Com
munity church will hold their Enster
snle of gingham dresses, aprons and
food, Saturday, April 4th, at 1:30 p.
m at the store of Case Furniture
Billy Padberg Is A
Good Road Builder
Judge Benge is authority for the
statement that Billy Padberg of
Clarks Canyon is an Al road builder.
The thing about it tliart appeals to
the county judge is the fact tbat Mr.
Padberg voluntarily goes into the
road building game and the time that
he would occupy in getting the court
in the notion of doing some work out
that way, he puts in in getting on
the job. and doing it with his own
outfit and force of men.
Billy believes in moving. He had
about 3000 acres of land to reseed
after the December freeze, and he
went to it in a vigorous manner, and
soon had the job over with. The grain
is all up now and coming along fine.
After getting this little job off hands,
he concluded that he wanted a bet
ter road leading from his place to
Lexington, so he hooked up a fresno
to his big cat, set the wheels in mo
tion, and with the assistance of about
half a dozen of the hands on the
ranch he soon had four miles of road
work done up in excellent shape.
Judge Benge says this piece of road
is like a boulevard now, thanks to
the energy and push of Mr. Padberg.
Some of the neighbors agreed to ex
tend the work from the point where
Billy quit, or else he might have con
tinued on into Lexington. All this is
done without any expense to the
county, whatsoever, and as stated be
fore, the county court appreciates it
very much.
All the members of Ruth Chapter
No. 32, O. E. S., who attended the
meeting as guests of Arlington Chap
ter on last Friday evening, report
having had a very enjoyable time.
They witnessed the putting on of the
degree work by the Arlington chap
ter team, and this was done in a very
excellent manner. Following the
lodge session refreshments were
served and a general good social time
Juniper Hall
Tues., Mar. 17
Good Music -:- Supper at Midnight
Also Bluestem & Red Chaff Club Wheat
Brown Warehouse Co.
Phone 6 13
The Arion Literary society has se
lected the following to membership
in their society: Merle Becket and
Leonard Schwa rz.
The sophomores held a wienie roast
last Friday evening. Everyone re
ports an enjoyable time.
The Heppnerian Literary society
gave a banquet in honor of the bas
ketball teams last Sautrday. There
was a large attendance.
Kathleen McDaid, who was toast-
mistress, called upon the following
lor speeches: Mr. ISmith, Miss Martin,
Eugene Doherty and Margaret Proph
et. A number of jokes were told and
everybody enjoyed themselves. Im
mediately after the banquet they
were taken to the music room where
a short musical program was given.
The P. T. A. met last Tuesday for
the purpose of electing officers. The
following were chosen: president,
Mrs. Turner; vice-president, Mrs. Ma
honey; secretary, Mrs. McMurdo;
treasurer, Mrs. Beymer. Mrs. F. R.
Brown gave an interesting talk on
"Child Guidance." There followed a
discussion on how the other fellow's
child ought to be trained.
The "H" Club will give another
smoker on the 30th of March. It
promises to be a good one.
The people of the Juniper Hall As
sociation will give a dance at the Hall
on Saturday, March 14. This dance
marks the first anniversary of the
building of the hall. Supper will be
served at midnight. A cordial invi
tation is extended to all.
A letter received by The Gazette
Times this week from Mrs. C. F.
Trimble, states that their reception
at Vancouver was rather unique. They
moved in on an epidemic of small pox
at the Pythian home, where there
wore a number of victims of the dis
ease. ::::m:!t:n:!::mm:t::t:immm
By Arthur Brisbane
A Chance for Congress.
Young Wood's Example.
Is It Socialism?
The Baby Crop.
North Carolina wantB a Maw that
would stop flirting. Men ogling girls
or women would be lined or locked
up. If North Carolina, where men are
so chivalrous, needs that law, other
States need one more severe.
But is any such law really neces
sary? Only a few years ago, ten or fif
teen thousand, the man that met a
lady on the street grabbed her by the
hair and dragged her to his cave by
force. You can see how much men
have improved.
There is one comfort. If the young
ladies walk demurely, with their eyes
on their little pink shoes, they won't
notice unwelcome attention.
President Cooiidge, it's said, means
to veto the increased salaries for
Congressmen. The total amounts to
$1,376,000 a year."
The salaries are not high. Con
gressmen cannot live decently at
Washington and at home on today's
Congress could earn the increase
in five minutes by creating a great
irrigation and power plant at Boulder
canyon on the Colorado river. That
project to irrigate two million acres
of deBert land, supply continuously
800,000 horsepower and protect the
Imperial Valley from floods would
pay the Congressmen's increased sal
aries ten thousand times every year
ana leave enough over to pay for the
A great many young people read
about Osborne Wood, son of the Uni
ted States Governor of the Philli
pines, and about his big winnings in
Wall Street and his big winnings in
European eamblin? houses. 'nv
comes the end of the story. Young
Wood has no money. The French po
lice, hunting him, accuse him of pass
ing worthless checks. Young Wood
says, "I have had my dance, now I
must pay the fiddler."
Don't gamble, it doesn't pay.
Senator McKellar, Democrat from
Tennessee, says of the bill that would,
turn Muscle Shoals over to the power
trust, "The passage of the Under
wood measure would be the greatest
calamity that has happened to the
South since the Civil War."
Many senators know that it is so,
but if one of the biggest monopolies
wants something you can hardly ex
pect the United States Senate to re
fuse it. You can, however, expect
president Loolidge to veto it. He has.
from Henry Ford, exact information
on the Muscle Shoals affair.
The President is in favor of stop
ping all national inheritance taxes.
He calls them "socialism," although
it is not clear why taxing a fortune
of a hundred millions that a rich
man leaves behind him ia any more
socialistic than to tax a small cottage
n which a poor man is raising his
However, it certainly seems better
to tax a rich man while he is alive
than to tax his children.
Leaving big fortunes to children
may be foolish, but the desire to do
so makes men work, when they would
otherwise stop working. And what
the country wants is the most work
from the ablest men.
One important proof of booming
prosperity: In New York, our big
gest city, the rush to get married
before Lent came exceeded all records.
Not fewer than fifty couples stood in
line, all day, waiting for licenses.
this guarantees most important :'
all OUR CROPS, the crop o' native
born bnbies on which the ccuntry and
the future depend.. The only res
wealth is human intelligence. TL
mothers create it.
It is suggested that part of the
nonsense connected wkh the new
arms conference will be talk about
reducing or forbidding the use of
aircraft in war. You might as well
talk about eliminating railroad trains
or gunpowder from war. The first
thing for the United States to do is
to build up an aircraft force superior
to that of any nation on earth. The
best time to talk to a burglar about
not using firearms is when you have
your own gun pointed at his chest.
During the week District Attornev
Notson was in receipt of word from
his son Robert, who is a student at
the school of journalism of Columbia
University, New York, this year. Bob
is getting some real experience in
newspaper work, and has been filling
an assignment recently on the Brook
lyn Eagle, one of the big dailies of
the east. He has the promise of a
place on this paper while he is at
tending school, that may lead un to a
good position.
The officers and memliaya nf u
different committees of the American
Legion Auxiliary wish to announce
that they will act as hostesses to all
ladies eligible to membership in the
organisation, at the next regular
meeting on Monday evening, Mnrch
luin, at neinei cnapei.
MRS. W. E. MOORE, Sec.
Judge Alex Cornett is carrying his
eft hand in a sling these days. He
met with an accident Sunday morn
ing, and had a finger on his left hand
broken. The member was caught in
a gale that slammed against his hand
and the result was disastrous, as well
as quite painful, and the injury has
caused the hand to swell very badly.
Oregon, Washington and Idaho
Situated to Supply Markets
In California Cities.
The dairy industry of the Pacific
slope is undergoing a marked change.
The ever-growing city population
is reaching further into the country
for milk and where once there was a
decided surplus of butter shipped to
eastern markets, now the tide
turned and large quantities of but
ter are shipped into California to
make up a shortage created by the
demand for market milk.
The last report of California Dairy
Louncil gives some interesting fig
ures. San Francisco and Los Angeles
received dur'ng December, 1924, 6,
321,479 pounds of butter. Of this
nearly one third or 1,734,067 pounds
came from outside of the State. Ida
ho furnished 632,310 pounds, Wash
ington 490,098 pounds, and other
states shipping in carloads or more
were: Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Mon
tana, Colorado and Nebraska.
Butter manufacture in California
increased but very little during the
year. The market milk industry in
creased tremendously. Thia is a nor
mal development and will continue.
The states west of the Rockies, north
and east of California will find an
ever increasing market in San Fran
cisco and Los Angeles for butter and
cheese. These two great cities are
noted for their demand for high
standard of quality in butter and
Oregon, Washington and Idaho are
so situated that they will be in po
sition to supply the greater part of
the butter and cheese required by
California1 and will come to a position
in relation to San Francisco and Los
Angeles similar to that held by Wis
consin and Minnesota to Chicago and
New York.
This is the Northwest's opportun
ity. Already these states are alive
to the situation and are bringing to
bear every force possible to put the
standard of their products on a high
quality basis in order that they may
secure for themselves the full benefit
of these great southern markets.
Much needs to be done in standard
ization for quality and in making un
iform the factors of workmanship,
color, . salt and uniform packing.
These qualities all have a marked ef
fect on the ready marketing of the
The movement of butter, particu
larly from the Northwest, is only be
ginning. The future will show great
developments and now, in the form
ative stage of this movement, step3
should be taken to create in the minds
and tastes of the California consum
er, a demand based on the high qual
ity of the northwestern products. It
will mean many millions of profit to
the dairymen of those states if it
becomes the fixed idea amongst con
sumers in California that Northwest
butter is the best butter they can
These conditions point to the nec
essity of a high appreciation on the
part of producers and manufacturers
for better cows, better equipment and
the saving of unnecessary labor in
order to make the most of their op
portunity. Some of these items may
be discussed in future articles.
Every Church Visitation Day on
Thursday was very successful here.
Rev. Thompson was the only visiting
pastor present as Rev. Van Nuys who
was expected was ill. The Ladies Aid
held their business meeting early in
the afternoon. It was decided at this
time to give the long-talked of party
for the cast and director of the play
Miss Molly" on March 28. The Aid
has wanted to show their apprecia
tion to the cast and Mrs. Russell
since Inst fall but it seemed an im
possibility to find an open date until
February and then the scarlet fever
scare made another postponement
necessary. At seven o clock a light (?)
lunch consisting of salads, sandwich
es, baked beans, cakes of every des
cription, and coffee was served to a
large crowd. Rev. Thompson gave a
very interesting talk after the dinner
concluding with explanations of some
of the church activities and work of
the various boards. Evervone who at
tended the meeting felt fully repaid.
The most delightful social affair for
some time was the party given by-
Mrs. N. A. Macomber Saturday night
in honor of her husband's birthday.
It was in the nature of a "kid" party
and many surprising results were ob
tained by the costumes. Mrs. Ralph
Davis was awarded first prize for the
most effective costume and the con
solation (a corn all-day sucker) was
divided between Miss Barbara Hixon
and Jack Gorham. "500" was played
until 11:30 when a most delicious
lunch was served by the hostess.
Guests present were Messrs. and
Mesdames Ballenger, Gorham, Rands,
Hereim, Davis. Arthur Goodwin, Chas.
Goodwin, Mrs. Albert Macomber of
Arlington, Miss Barbara Hixon. Roy
Gilbreth, Chas. Barnes and Opple
Arthur Peterson returned last week
from Kansas where he went in De
cember with his children and the re
mains of his wife who died very sud
denly of pneumonia, in Hermiston.
After reaching there his little daugh
ter Ihlene passed away at the Pen
dleton hospital, a victim of the same
malady. Her body was shipped back
to Kansas also and interred beside
her mother. Mr. Peterson is a bro
ther of Mrs. Oscar Kosnr. He left
the other five children in the care of
Mr. and Mrs. I.. V. Root, W. II. Mef
ford. Mr. Dllhibaugh. and Mr. Wick
lander. Sr., vlio has been visiting at
the home of his son, t'has. Wickland
er for some time, all left Monday
for Salem, motoring down in the
Root car. Mrs. llorveese, depu'y, is
(Continued on Pase Four.)
(Oregon Wool Grower)
In discussing the outlook for the
future of the sheep industry the Uni
ted States Department of Agriculture
states this:
"Practically all of the large produc
ing centers, unless it be parts of
South Africa and Asia, seem to have
reached their maximum number of
sheep. In fact, in most of the leading
countries, as in Australia, Argentina,
and the United States, there has been
a notable decline in the number of '
sheep in recent years. It would seem,
considering the world-wide need of
wool, that this decline would soon
reach its limits, if it has not already
done so.
"While practically all the available
land is now in use, it is probable that
ultimately considerable areas of semi-
desert lands that are now inaccessi
ble to livestock, because of an insuf
ficient water supply, notable parts of
South Africa, will be made available
to sheep by the provisions of wells
and reservoirs.
In the past the sheepmen who pro
duced only wool could not meet com
petition from other agricultural en
terprises unless they were located on
very cheap land. The sheepmen of
today, except in the semi-arid regions
are no longer solely dependent on
wool. Considering the industry as a
whole, lamb production is now a
highly important and profitable fea
ture while there is usually a good
market for mature mutton.
In the readjustments that are tak
ing place, the sheep industry of the
world seems to be settling down to
three general types: (1) The pro
duction of fine wool with lambs as a
secondary consideration in the arid
regions; (2) the production of lambs
and wool in the semi-arid regions;
and (3) the production of lambs, with
the wool of secondary importance, m
the humid and sub-humid regions."
Outlook for the Industry in the West
In the west expansion will generally
be on the basis of much higher ope
rating expenses than fonneiry. The
sheepmen, however, are already
meeting these conditions. In the first
place a large percentage of the opera
tors are keeping flocks of the cross
bred type. In such flocks the lambs
furnish approximately 65 per cent of
the revenue, as aganist 45 per cent
for wool. They are also giving their
sheep better care, and as a result are
generally securing better lamb crops
well as heavier fleeces. Better
management of the sheep and of the
range is also making it possible to
carry additional stock on the same
extent of range.
- - One seneme handfteep ra the expaiw -
sion of the business is that of secur
ing adequate range. Many operators
are finding it difficult to secure suffi
cient range for their present needs.
Others who are operating wholly on
the public domain are faced with the
uncertainty as to how much longer
these lands, some of which are de
teriorating, will be available to them.
The rapid deterioration of the re
maining public domain, because of
constant unrestricted grazing, is giv
ing much concern. Nearly all live
stock producers recognize the need
of some stabilized policy protection,
in order that further destruction of
these arease may be prevented. Va
rious plans for the better control and
utlization of the remaining public
domain not suitable for farming pro
poses, have been suggested. While
many prefer private ownership or
long-term leasing, the plan that is
being given most consideration is that
of creating grazing districts and al
loting stock among resident users
under a permit system somewhat sim
ilar to that now in the national for
ests. Under proper systems of graz
ing the carrying capacity of these
areas can be increased greatly. An
adequate and settled land policy
would make it possible to place the
western sheep business on a much
i more stable basis than has previously
existed, and would probably result in
a considerable increase in the num
ber of sheep.
"Crimson Eyebrows" To
Be Presented March 24
The high school student body will
stage the musical comedy, "Crimson
Eyebrows," at the Star theatre March
24th, in afternoon and evening per
formances. The setting is Chinese and
the plot is one of delightful romance
woven around a bit of political in
trigue. The lines are clever and the
musical numbers catchy and melo
dious. There will be a bevy of ehor
us girls in gay colors. And the cos
tumesmany of them are real Chi
nese, gorgeous and beautiul. Don't
forget the date, March 24th.
Squirrel Poison Distrib
uted By County Agent
Squirrel poison has boen distribut
ed by the County Agent to the fol
lowing places, where it can be ob
tained by farmers: Karl Beach, Lex
ington; Bert .Mason, lone; Morgan
Store. Morgan; T. H. Lowe, Cecil,
There is a supply, now, at the
County Agent's office, and some will
be left at llardinan within the next
ten days. All poison materials In
this are furnished from the County
Rodent Fund. A charge of three
cents per pound is made on the poison
to cover the cost of the oats.
The time to get squirrols ia early
in the spring and all farmers are urg
ed to do their poisoning as soon as
A white-faced (Hereford) bull, t-year-old
past; no brands or marks;
strayed from Thompson place on
Balm Fork in May, littt. Reward.
W. F. Hurni-tt, who was here from
Lexington on Friday, reports that the
grain on his farm north of lxlng
ton is all up and growing well. He
looks forward to a good crop.