( The Gazette-Times PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY Volume 41, Number 29. HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, OCT. 16, 1924. Subscription $2.00 Per Year LIE LEADS IN PRESIDENTIAL POLL Four Weeks Poll By The Gazette-Times Ends Next Thursday. LA FOLLETTE SECOND Lack of Interest la Shown, However, in Local Vote; National Poll Showa Candidates Close. There is a very apparent lack of in terest in The Gazette-Times' straw vote which enda next Thursday, as shown by the figures after four weeks of balloting. We had been led to be lieve that there would be a much bet ter showing; on the part of the La Follette vote, at least, and there should have been a much stronger vote for Davis, aa he has a represent ative following; in the county. In the national poll in which this paper has been interested along with the Autocaster Service, representa tive of a great number of country pa pers, from all over the country, the three leading candidates are running on a more even scale. The total vote for President Coolidge is 189,245; La Follette. 147,766; Davis, 131,657. In this poll the heavier voting for Mr. Davis comes from the southern states, while Mr. La Toilette's strength appears to be in the middle west and northwestern group. The President carries a good representa tive vote from these sections, with the heavier representation coming from east of the Mississippi river and the far east. In another column Is given a prophesy based on an analy sis of this vote, together with a num ber of other factors. Preserve It for future reference and see how far our political prognosticator misses the mark when the Anal count Is made after November 4. Our local poll gives Coolidge 187; La Follette 60, and Davis 32. BCHOOL TAKES STRAW VOTE. A straw vote was taken on Monday In the high school and the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grades on the three prominent candidates for the presidency. The poll stood as fol lows: Cool. Davis LaFol. High School 73 6 23 Eighth Grade 19 6 6 Seventh Grade 22 t ( Sixth Grade 16 7 8 Fifth Grade 26 S 4 Total 164 27 46 EH8COPAL CHURCH. Regular service., will be held at the Episcopal church in Heppner on the first and third Sundays of each month, at 11 o'clock a. m. Sunday school meets regularly each Sunday morning at 10 o'clock. People not worshipping elsewhere are cordially invited to these services. The ladies of Bethel Chapel enter tained in their home last Thursday afternoon In honor of Mrs. A. M. Phelps and her guest, Mrs. Wilson, nd Mrs, John Patterson and her sis ter. Mrs. Bennett. A delightful af ternoon was spent at the game of Travel, after which refreshments were served. The rooms were beau tifully decorated with autumn fol iage and cut flowers. Mrs. Fred Elder of The Dalles is a guest this week at the home of her mother, Mrs. Mattie Adkins in this city. Charter No. 228 Reserve District No. 12 REPORT OF THE CONDITION OF THE LEXINGTON STATE BANK AT LEXINGTON, IN THE STATE OF OREGON AT CLOSE OF BLSI NESS OCTOBER 10, 1924. RESOURCES Loans and discounts, including rediscounts $ U. S. government securities owned Other bonds, wnrrants and securities, including foreign gov ernment, state, municipal, corporation, etc Stocks, securities, claims, liens, judgments, etc Furniture and fixtures Real estate owned other then banking house Cash on hand in vault and due from other banks, bankers, and trust companies designated and approved reserve agents of this bank Checks on banks outside city or town of reporting bank and other cash items Total cash and due from banks $30,289.01 Interest, taxes and expenses paid, less undivided profits Other assets LIAIIIL1TIES Capital stock paid In 16,000.00 Surplus fund 1,000.00 Undivided profits $6,497.84 Less current expenses, interest and taxes paid bb8!'42 Reserved for taxes, Interest and depreciation 87 58 DEMAND DEPOSITS, other than banks, subject to reserve: individual deposits subject to check, Including deposits due io niaio or urogon, county, cities or other public funds Demand certificates of deposit outstanding Cashier's checks of this bank outstnnding payable on de mand Total of demand deposits, othor than bunk de posits, subject to reserve $I0 703 78 TIME AND SAVINGS DEPOSITS, subject to reserve and payable on demand or subject to notice: Time certificates of deposit outstnnding 18,397. I Total of time and savings deposits payable on demand or subject to notice $18,397.84 Tolal Slate of Oregon, County of Morrow, aa: I, W. O. Hill, cashier of tho abovo-named bank, do solemnly swear that the above, statement Is true to the best of kn,t.i, ,,!., oeiiui . Subscribed and sworn to before me this 16th dny of October, 1024. SAMUEL E. NOTSON, Notnry Public. My commission expires Dec. 27, 1927. MODERN SEWAGE DISPOSAL AND PURIFICATION Placing of Human Waste in Run ning Streams Untreated Not Good For Public Health. Oregon State Board of Health. One of the first problems of sani tation is the safe disposal of sew age. Various devices for the disposal of the waste of animal life have had their day. With the almost unversal introduction of running water into the home the water-carriage system hai been generally adopted. Sewage may contain all the original vehicles of disease, as it carries excreta from the skin, the alimentary, pulmonary and genito-urninary tracts. The problem is how can sewage be treat ed, disinfected or purified so that it will not carry disease. Whenever a city or town introduces a system of sewers, it Is easy and natural to dispose of sewage by let ting it run from the main sewer into a river or stream. In case the amount of aewage is small and the body of water large, this practice doe not seem wholly objectionable. But the growth of many of our cities has in creased the amount of sewage and transformed many of our beautiful streams from something giving pleas ure into an open sewer shunned By all mankind. It is now known that streams do not purify themselves to any great extent. The disposal of sewage into streams is to be depreciated unless the sewage can be first properly treated. It is for this reason that all new sewage disposal systems and wa ter supplies or alterations in these systems require the approval of the State Board of Health. Many cities are operating systems that have not complied with the law and will un doubtedly render themselves liable and force themselves into litigation unless proper steps are made to com ply with the law. Polluted water is a problem that requires intelligent consideration. The proper sewage disposal is just as important, if not more so, than safe bridges across our large streams and ihould receive the same amount of engineering consideration. The prob lem of how a city of three hundred thousand people is going to properly dispose of its sewage cannot be solved by the corner grocery philosopher. It It a great undertaking and its so lution demands the services of a great engineer and not a surveyor of back lots. Our sewage systems can only be made safe by the community demand ing sanitary methods of sewage dia posal. There are four principal methods of sewage treatment, con sisting of sand filtration, contact bed, trickling filter and activated aludge processes. AH these processes may be supplemented with chlorine disin fection. The particular process do 1 ends on local conditions and Iri a problem for the properly qualified ex pert. Many of the cities of the Uni ted States have protected the ati'tami by the installation of plants for mod ern sewage disposal and purification. The improvement of the ntvghbonrg streams makes these a real usttet in stead of a growing menace. A very enjoyable afternoon was spent by the O.E.S. social club at the Masonic building on Saturday. The games of bridge and travel were play ed and much enjoyed. Mesdames Hedrick, Vaughn, Goodman and Johnston were hostesses, and delic ious refreshments were served. Mrs. Vt m. Straight won first priie in travel and Mrs. Fred Lucas was awarded first at bridge. 8S.644.76 3,260.00 408.26 220.00 1.000.00 1,300.00 30,180.62 108.49 87.68 4.02 $126,101.62 90.309.32 307.00 87.46 $126,101.62 W. O, HILL, Cashier. CORRECT Attest: frank gilliam, ceo. McMillan, Directors. OCTOBER DAYS ARE DAVIS DAYS Have Serious Accident On Heppner Hill Road While returning from Hardman late Saturday night, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Adknis met with an accident just after reaching the grade at the top of Heppner hill. Their car swerved from the side of the road and into the ditch, turning over. Mrs. Adkins was thrown in such a manner as to re ceive serious injuries to her back:, and since has been lying at the Hepp ner Surgical hospital, paralyzed from her hips down. She received no broken bones, and her physician thinks that the paralysis is caused from injury to the spine. Mr. Ad kins was not injured. A wheel was smashed on the ear and the top demolished but no other damage was done to the machine. While the injuries to Mrs. Adkins seem at this time to be very serious, her physician does not expect they will prove fatal, and he looks for im provement in a few more days. Mr. AdkinB states that he believes the breaking of a radius rod was the cause of the car turning from the road. Red Cross Chapter Has Annual Meeting; There waa a special meeting of the Red Cross on Monday evening at the lobby of the Hotel Heppner, for the purpose of electing officers for the ensuing year. While the attendance was not as large as it should have been, the interest was good, neverthe less, and the business of the meeting was carried out by the election of the following officers: Mrs. Emmet Cochran, chairman; Mrs. W. P. Mahoney, vice-chairman; Paul Gemmell, treasurer; Mrs. Frank Turner, secretary; Prof. E. H. Hed rick. M. D. Clark, Mrs. W. E. Pruyn of Heppner, Mrs. Bert Mason, Paul Mortimore of lone. Jack Gorham, Boardman, and W. R. Walpole, Irri- gon, executive committee. Notes From Heppner Hi. The football game played here Sat urday between Grass Valley and Heppner resulted in a score of 64 to 0 in Heppner'a favor. Although Grass Valley had a very fast team they seemed unable to score a touch down against the Heppner line. The local line made a good showing in this game, The Freshmen held a candy mak ing last Friday but the upper clans men found where it was being held and they postponed it aB they had more company than they needed. The Juniors hold a weinle roast laat Monday evening. Cars were provided and all the teachers and Juniors went up Balm Fork to the Osmin ranch where they built a fire, roasted weinies and played games. ,ator in the evening a large number of the Seniors and bophomores came up. Everyone reports an enjoyable evening. The Freshmen took advantage of the excitement caused by the Juniors' wefnie roast and held a candy making at the home of Margaret Smith, Their absence at the woinie roast was no ticed. At last the Juniors have decided upon the design for their rings and pins and have ordered them, Don't forget the footbnll game to be played here Saturday between Wasco and Heppner. It will be the hardest game of the season as Wasco has a very strong toam. Heppner also has a strong team, Lets see the town people turn out and back them up. CIRCULARS SENT OUT, Circulars have been sent out from the office of Prof, Hedrick at the high school to the parents of the chlldron who bring their lunch to school, for the purpose of determining tho de mand for the institution of a hot lunch this winter. If the demand is sufficient tho hot lunch will be es tablished immediately. State President P. T. A. Visits Heppner Saturday Mrs. Geo. J. Perkins, state presi dent of the Parent-Teacher associa tion, was a visitor here on Saturday and was entertained by the local association. In the high nchool audi torium in the evening, Mrs. Perkm was the speaker and delivered a splen did address on the work of the asso ciation and what it is aiming to ac complish by bringing patrons and trachers together. She was listened tn intently and the many good points if the address were noted by those present. An excellent musical program was given by atudents of the high tehoo1 directed by Mis Denn, as follows: High School Chorus: (a) Anchored. fb) Honey Town. Encore, High School Song. Boys Chorus "Sweet Genevieve" Encore, "Silly Willy" Orchestra "When Shadows Fall' Encore, "Mandalay" Much credit is due both students and instructor for the splendid ap pearance made this early in the year. A review of plans for the work of the local association for the year war given by the president, Mrs. Guy Boyer. Mrs. C. L. Gillilan wls selected by the executive committee to serve as a delegate to the state convention of the P. T. A. at Corvallis, Oct. 21-24, and will be able to give a report of that gathering at the next regular meeting. Mr. Perkins was entertained at the home of Mrs, W. P. MaHoney over Saturday night. Former Heppner Woman Passes at Oakland, Calif. Word was received here early Mon day morning; by John Patterson, an nouncing the death of Mrs. Harry L. Davis, who was formerly Emma Stev-, ?nson, at their home in Oakland, Cal ifornia, on Sunday. The telegram did lot state the cause of death hut nirf that the funeral would be on Tues- lay. While in California nwantlv Mr. Patterson visited at the Davis ome. and at that time Mrs. ilnvi. n peered in the best of health, and the announcement of her death came as complete surprise. When Mr. Patterson was eneine.,,- on the Heppner branch, Mr. Davis was for a long time his fireman. This was about eighteen or twenty years ago. lie and Mrs. Davis were mar ried here and about fifteen mr. .,,, they removed to Oakland where they nave since resided. The husband and one son survive. Get a thrill and manv Uurrh. hv seeing "FAIR WEEK," featuring Wal- I. "e,r" Theater ton ght (Thursday). HAVE YOU VOTED YET? Your Choice for President? THE GAZETTE-TIMES PRESIDENTIAL POLL CALVIN COOLIDGE Republican JOHN W. DAVIS ROBERT M. La (Put an X mark before After filling out this trial ballot, please mail or bring to the otlice of The Gasctlr-Timea, Heppner, Ore. Chas. Dillon, Boardman Opposes Davidson, lone While the announcement published elsewhere in these columns is to the effect that Chas. Dillon of Boardman is seeking election as county commis sioner to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of R. L. Benge, he has in reality tiled big certificate of nomination in the office of Clerk An derson for the four-year term, and thus becomes an opponent of L, P. Davidson of lone, who received the nomination for the long term at the hands of the Republicans in the pri miries. - Air. Dillon la running as an inde pendent and in seeking the four-year term it leaves but two contenders for the short term, G. A. Bleakman, independent republican, and Jeff Jones, independent democrat. MISS SIMPSON BRIDE. Miss Eula Simpson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George W. Simpson, became the bride of Aaron E. Faw on Thurs day evening at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Saling. Rev. Alfred Lockwood, rector of the Church of the Redeemer, read the srevice. The bride wore a lovely gown of Victoria crepe in copper tones and curried Ophelia roses. Mrs. Vincent Buttervitch, matron of honor, wore a crepe frock and carried roses. Mr. Buttervitch was best man, The bride has been a resident of Pendleton for the greater part of her life and is a graduate of St. Joseph's Academy. Mr. Faw is a civil engin eer employed by Oregon state high way department. They will make their home in Heppner. Pendleton East Oregonian, IONE DEFEATS CONDON. In the game of football played at lone on Saturday between the Condon and lone high school teams, the lat ter won in a score of 26 to 12. lone was an easy victor in the firBt half of the game, but in the last half Con don rallied and the contest was a very hot one. Ed Bristow, fullback, John Graves, halfback, George Rit chie, left end, and Clarence Lane, quarter of lone, made many brilliant plays, ably assisted by the rest of the eleven. Inmann, Morgan and Brant were the stars for Condon. ODD FELLOWS TO PENDLETON. There was a gathering of Odd Fel lows at Pendleton on Tuesday eve ning a twhich the grnnd officers of the state were present. Noble Grands and secretaries of the various sub ordinate lodges in the district were requested to be present, and a num ber of the members from Willow Lodge No. 66 drove to Pendleton on Tuesday afternoon to attend the gath ering. Among these were A. M. Phelps, J. L. Yeager, Adam Knob lock, R. L. Benge, Albert Adkins and Oscar Edwards. Democrat FOLLETTE Progressive the one you intend to vote.) A Political Prophesy POLITICAL prophecies always mast be accepted with a degree of reser vation and with due regard to condi tions existing at the time they are made. Developments, disclosures, and consequent changes in public attitude follow each other with such rapidity in politics that the safe bet one week becomes only a ten-to-one shot the next. Below, however, we present an analysis of the national political out Icok as seen at thia time by Mr. John H. Perry, who has at his disposal un usual sources of authentic informa tion. Mr. Perry is President of the American Presa Association, having relations with some eight thousand newspapers. He is President of the Publishers Autocaster Service Com pany, dealing with approximatly two thousand other papers, of which this is one. In addition, he is an import ant factor in the larger field of news paperdom, being the proprietor of several daily newspapers published throughout the country. Mr. Perry'a summation of the out look for the Electoral vote is as fol lows: COOLIDGE Colorado 6 7 3 . 29 . 15 ... 10 Connecticut . Delaware .... Illinois Indiana Kansas Maine 6 Massachusetts .: 18 Michigan 15 New Hampshire 4 New Jersey ... 14 New York 45 Ohio 24 Oregon 5 Pennsylvania 38 Rhode Island 5 Utah 4 Vermont 4 Wyoming m 3 LA FOLLETTE California 33 4 - 13 12 4 8 '.. i'ZIl'L" 6 - 6 Idiaho Iowa ... Minnesota ...... Montana Nebraska Nevada North Dakota South Dakota Washington 7 Wisconsin 13 DAVIS Alabama 12 Arizona 3 Arkansas Florida . Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi , Missouri North Carolina Oklahoma .. South Carolina1 .. Tennessee .... Texas ..... Virginia West Virginia New Mexico ... ....... 12 20 12 8 189 266 Electoral votes are necessary to elect. Otherwise the contest goes into Congress Mr. Perry is a keen poltiical ob server. It will be interesting to re tain these figures and to compare them with the result in November. Central Market Passes To New Management Grover Swaggart this wek sold out his interests in the Central Market to Harry Seevey and E. L, Kirk and the new owners took over the busi ness on Monday. The business will likely be moved from its present lo cation in the Gilman building, to the Garrigues building on Main street, the new proprietors having an option on the building lately occupied by Gurdane & Son, so we are informed. Mr. Swaggart has been running the business for the past two years. What he intends doing now, this pa per has not been informed. Mr. See vey has been connected with the shop much of this time as meat cutter and butcher and he is an expert in this line. Much improvement is contem plated in the market by the new man agement and it will be made up-to- date in every respect should their present plans be carried out. Field Representative of Red Cross Visits Here Miss Nell Holsinger, field represen tative of the Pacific division of the A. R. C. is making an official visit to Morrow county this week. She ar rived at Heppner Saturday, and or that day, in company with Mrs, Em met Cochran, chairman of the Mor row county chapter, made a visit to lone in the evening and held quite a successful meeting. Other points in the county nre being visited, the la dies going to Boardman and Irrigon for meetings Tuesday and W ednes dny. The annual roll call will soon bt on again, and the chairman of the Morrow county chapter is quite anx ious that this shall be put over the top in good shape. GRANDMA HOWELL REMEMBERED Grandma Howell, an old resident of this county, was very pleasantly sur prised by a number of her friends on Monday, when they appeared at her home with a big birthday cake and a number of minor presents, ten dered to her In memory of her 92nd birthday anniversary. Mrs, Howell is yet very spry for one of her years and gets around well. She was very much pleased at thus being remem bered by her friends and neighbors, all of whom extended congratulations and well wishes. See Walter Heirs in "FAIR WEEK" at Star Theater to-night (Thursday). WOULD PROTECT RESTING PLACE OF OLD PIONEERS Wells Springs "Sacred Acre" Is Historic Spot. Remains of 16 Emigrants Lie Unmarked (The following interesting article, concerning an historical land mark of Morrow county, is taken from the Optimist of The Dalles, issue of Oc tober 10. That paper did not give the name of the writer, so we are unable to credit the author.) All of my life I have been familiar with the words "Wells Springs." Un til last Sunday I had never beheld this notec camping place on the old Emigrant Road. I certainly had a thrill when we cooked coffee and ate our sandwiches on the spot where my father and mother camped for the night, over 72 years ago, in Septem ber, 1852, after a six months march across the desert to Oregon, the goal of their ambition. Wells Springs, geographically, is located on the main traveled road from Cecil at the crossing of Willow creek in Morrow county to Echo at the crossing of the Umatilla River in Umatilla county, about 16 miles from Cecil and about 20 miles from Echo. This road follows the section lines, while the "old Emigrant Road" fol lowed canyons or took up and dowrt the bald face of a high hill, following old Indian trails. Tho Wells Springs are on an im mense sheep ranch of 6,000 acres and are an invaluable asset to the sheep, industry, for watering places are rare. Wells Springs are two in num ber and are most appropriately nam ed. They are, both of them, situated upon a slight elevation like a mound from which the water comes up ex actly like a well and a well that had been dug by man with spade and pick. Most springs come out in a break in the earth like a canyon or under a bluff. I These springs are deep. One, the west one they are about a quarter of a mile apart is very deep and full to the brim. It is covered over with a platform and a hand pump. This supplies, by an iron pipe that takes care of the overflow, to a water ing trough about 50 feet distant. Near this trough is a granite boul der which has the legend "Oregon Trail" chiseled in, supposed to have been done by Pioneer Meeker in 1906 when he retraced the old Emigrant Road with his ox-team that year. There is also a bench mark on this stone, set by some surveying party. Over the west spring has been planted a locust tree that shades the platform the only green thing in sight. Unlike most springs there is the absence of the usual shrubbery of wild roses, cress and the tangle that comes up where there is an over flow from a spring. Near this spring, about 100 feet distant, may be seen three graves of emigrants, maybe more, doubtless there are, with nothing to mark these spots but a square-like depression that shows that once a pick and shov el made a permanent resting place for those who succumbed to the trials of the road. Upon the bench, a quarter of a mile back from the west spring, we count ed 13 graves laid out in rows and there may be others, now obliterated. There are no markers, no names. One grave has a picket fence about it and few fleur-de-lis had been planted a pioneer's grave, but no head board. These graves are in the fence cor ner of the sheep man's land, along side of the main road, in plain view. It is this "sacred acre that his torical societies and Daughters of the American Revolution desire to close and place a marker of some kind. One of these unknown graves is the last resting place of the father of ex-postmaster R. E. Williams, who told the story of the death of his father and that he was buried at Wells Springs in 1852, when the for mer was at the banquet of the Emi grants at the auditorium on "Cov ered Wagon" Day. Mr. Williams said he was but one year old at that time. Mr. Williams father was brother of Griffith E. Williams, the pioneer head of the firm of A. M Williams and Co. of this city. wells springs was the camping place where Colonel Cornelius Gil liam ended his life early in 1848, when returning from the relief of the captives of the Whitman massa cre. He was drawing a lariat out of a wagon-bed with which to stake his horse and the rope tripped the ham mer of a gun lying on the bed of the wagon and, discharging the contents into his body, killed him instantly His body was brought to The Dalle; and sent to the Willamette valley From this fact Gilliam county gets its name. Wells Springs was in Git liam county before Morrow county was set off. The word has come to my attention that the east spring at Wells Spring? has bubbles and odors that indicate petroleum and that there is now syndicate with machinery ready to come in and tost the prospect for oil. If successful, we feared for the preservation of the old graves, At the invitation of Mrs. H. E. Warren of Boardman, who was chair man of Oregon's committee on H toric Spots. Daughters of the Amen can. Revolution, last year, we det mined to investigate for ourselves a to the proper plan to pursue for thei preservation, We therefore made the Sunday trip of discovery. We con eluded that by throwing a wire fence on two sides of the "Sacred A we would have enclosed securely tin plot and a marker could be sot at th corner in full view of the road, with the legend "Emigrant Graves 1S4 t 59," or any other identification which would seem descriptive. It nlso seemed the husiniMs-liko way to do this would be tVr the county court of Morrow county to get a perpetual easement from the sheep ranch owner to this aire. This would ensure a permanent place for the graves under the direction of the county. And it is possible that the hiator- j iuns of Walla Wullu and any relative By Arthur Brisbane Dangerous Decision. This Thrifty Country. Watching Teddy. New Ocean to Rule. Laymen, out of respect foT tht courts, assume that the Supreme Court judges of California interpret ed the law accurately when, by a ma jority of only one, they decided that La Follette's electors, although duly named by petition, should not go on the ballot in November. The people do not like to be told by a judge, or anybody, that they may not vote for their own choice. For a court by a majority of one, in dis regard of established custom, to lay that State electors are the servants and agents of political conventiona, and therefore the people have no right to name their own electors by petition, ia DANGEROUS. This California decision will be worth a great deal to those who be lieve that the public, having power to put judges on the bench, should also have the power to take them off. Louisiana follows California by re fusing La Follette electors a place on the ballot. President Coolidge, much tc Ms credit, expresses regret that any American should be forbidden to vote for the man of his choice. The Presdient's statement will be ap plauded by ninety-nine per cent of American voters. Somebody is saving money in this country, because of higher wages or prohibition, or whatever you choose. Savings deposited in 1923, as revealed at the bankers' convention in Chi cago, amounted to more than EIGHT EEN THOUSAND MILLION DOL-' LARS. While the population of the coun try increased fourteen per cent, sav ings bank dposits increased 108 per cent. Business men that put Detroit on the map and Detroit products all over the world, propose to add control of the flying machine industry to their automobile industry. Edsel Fort supplies money for airplane research and puts a flying field near his Dear born plant at the service of all work ing on metal airplanes. The Hudson and Packard motor companies are pending money generously in the same direction. A'.l that is good news for those in terested in this country's indpend ence of foreign domination. Two thousand years sgo ths land in Palestine was marvelously fertile. real earthly paradise. Money would restore that fertility, and strangely enough the money, more than Palestine ever dreamed of in all its glory, may be taken out of th Dead Sea. That great body of intensely salt water is found to be heavily charged with potash. It can be got out simp ly at a cost of $5 a ton, and marketed Europe at $15 a ton, against the now prevailing price of J30. There is a chance for enterprising Ameri cans. Americans will watch with interest young Theodeore the Second, follow ing his father's footsteps. The orig inal T. R. went to the New York leg islature, so did his son. The orig inal T. R. ran for Governor and was elected. His son is now running for Governor. Whether he will be elect ed or not remains to be seen. Georges Clemenceau celebrates his eighty-third birthday in his little house on the French coast, looking out on the wild waters where ancient Basques used to catch whales. Clemenceau's health is good, be cause he is wise. A fighter all his life, he avoids all controversy now. Anger poisons men always, and in old age it kills them. Picking a rose in his garden he says, "1 like flowers; they have an advantage over men, they are silent." The average citizen in this country pays less attention to news of the war in China than he would to news shout someone falling off a horse. Yet there are 500.000 men lined up for the decisive battle that is expect ed. And that is no child's play. The Chinese like the Japanese are build ing lighting flying machines. Let thtit be remembered by elder.y naval gentlemen dozing sweetly, uncon scious of the fact that the battleship is obsolete, out of date, a joke in war. The flying maeliir.e is the new weap on, the ONLY on that counts. The air is the NEW OCEAN. Who rules that oeeHn. rules the world. of Colonel Cil'inm now residing there, will aid us. The Wells Springs are about two mile frcm Tub Springs on the old Emigrant Koad that lends down Jun iper canyun along winch we traveled, much of which is m pinin view. Near Tub Spring, there whs once a tine growth of juniper trees. Pioneers cut them down for fence posts and the spot of about an acre is now bare of any truce of trees having ever been there. In fact the winter floods have worn the place down to hard pan and shmved that the location had at one time been a fuctory for Indian points. We stepped for a few mm utes and found several good ones. This shows a most ancient Indian settlement. This is a desert, not a live thing in sight hut ciietUH ard jack-rabbits, itnd even ths sage slinwed that it had survived a mignty dry summer. What did the emigrants think when they came to thi. part of Ore gon? They must have been strong-hearted!