The Gazette-Times PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY Volume 40, Number 28. HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, OCT. 18, 1923. Subscription $2.00 Per Year 18-24 President Coolidge Issues Proclamation Urging Observance. PROBLEM IS VITAL Liberal Education Necemtary to Guar antee Permanence of Democracy; Learning Policy of America. In furtherance of the observance of American Education Week, November 18-24, in th in county, Lena Snell Shurte, superintendent of schools, wishes to call attention' to the procla mation of President Uoolidge. In set ting the dates for this week and urg ing its observance, the President has outlined the growth and importance of education in America. The procla mation in full follows: BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNI TED STATES OF AMERICA, A PROCLAMATION. From its earliest beginnings, Ameri ca has been devoted to the cause of education. Tkls country was founded on the ideal of ministering to the in dividual. It was realized that this must be done by the institutions of religion and government In order that there might be a properly edu cated clergy and well trained civil magistrates, one of the first thoughts of the early settlers was to provide for a college of liberal culture, while for the general diffusion of know ledge, primary schools were estab lished. This course was taken as the necessary requirement of enlightened scciety. Such a policy, once adopted, has continued to grow in extent. With the adoption of the Federal Consti tution and the establishment of free government in tho States of the Un ion, there was additional reason for broadening the opportunity for ed ucation. Our country adopted the principle of self-government by a free people. Those who were worthy of being free, were worthy of being educated. Those who had the duty and responsibility of government, must necessarily have the education with which to discharge the obliga tions of citizenship. The sovereign had become the people. Schools and universities were provided by the var ious governments, and founded and fostered by private charity, until their buildings dotted all the land. The willingness of li e people to bear the burdens of maintaining these institutions, and the patriotic devotion of an army of teachers, who, in many case, might have earned larger incomes in other pursuits, have 'made it possible to accomplish re suits with which we may be well grat ified. Rut the task is not finished, It has only been begun. We have observed the evidences of a broadening vision of the whole ed ucational system. This has included a recognition that education must not end wiht the period of school attend' ance, but must be given every encour agement thereafter. To this end the night schools of the cities, the moon light schools of the southern Appa lachian countries, the extension work of the colleges and universities, the provision for teaching technical, ag ricultural and mechanical arts, have marked out the path to a broader and more widely diffused national culture To insure the permanence and con tinuing improvement of such an edu cational policy, there must be the full est public realization of its absolute necessity. Every American citizen is entitled to a liberal education. With out this, there is no guarantee for the permanence- of free institutions, no hope of perpetuating self-government. Despotism finds its chief support in ignorance. Knowledge and freedom go hand in hand. In order that the people of the na tion may think on these things, it is desirable that there should be nn an nual observance of Educational Week. NOW, THEREFORE, I. Calvin Cool idge, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim the week begin ning on the eighteenth of November, next, as National Education Week, and urge its observance throughout the country. I recommend that the State and local authorities cooperate with the civic and religious bodies to secure its most general and helpful observance, for the purpose of more liberally supporting and more effect ively improving the educational fa cilities of our country. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of tho United States to be af fixed. Done in the City of Washington, this twenty-sixth day of September, in the year of our Lord, One Thous and Nine Hundred and Twenty-threo, and of the Independence of the Uni ted States, the One Hundred and Forty-eighth. CALVIN COOMDGE. By the President: CHARLES E. HUGHES, Secretary of State. Recall Petitions Being: Circulated at Heppner Morrow county's quota of Pierce- re call petitions arrived at Heppner the first of the week and tiro now in the hands of circulators. Just what suc cess Is being atUinpd in the way of gathering In signatures, we cannot any, but this paper has the Impression that they are not being very gladly received, and that the number of sig natures to be obtained in this county will not add very materially to the sum total gathered from other parts of the state. Tho recall of Governor Pierce does not nppenr to be a pop utar move among our people. Mrs. W. O, Livingstone was a pass enger for Portland on Tuesday, where she was called to attend a meeting of tho stato board of the Christian Wo men s Motird of Missions, of which she In one of the ollicers. She ex pected to return home by Saturday. FROSH GO THRU INITIATION RITES Class of '27 Made Happy at Hard Times Party at High School Last Thursday Evening. The Freshmen were initiated into high school last Thursday evening, when a hard times party was given in their honor. Arriving at the school huose they were kept outside for a little while in order that their ardor might cool properly before the cere monies. The Freshman boys were then spirited away to forbidden haunts and given a little exercise. The Freshman girls were marched around the school building singing "Nobody Knows How Green I Am" until they were ready to have the oath of admittance administered to them. They were taken to the tor ture chamber for this purpose and there they became full-fledged mem bers of Heppner High. The boys were then brought in and forced to submit to the same operation. After all this excitement the Freshies felt the need of rest and recuperation, bo they were ushered down stairs where many games were played. The refreshments consisted of bak ed beans and bread end butter sand wiches, as befitted a hard times par ty. The lunch hour was made more entertaining by the parade of those trying out for the prizes, Agnes Mc Daid was awarded the palm for be ing the best looking female exponent of hard times and Carl Cason took the "prune" for the toughest man. And so the class of '27 are now full fledged members of Heppner high school. The football squad played Board man's team at Boardman last Satur day. Heppner played her second team chiefly, but even at that the score was 40-0 in Heppner's favor. Work on the "Hehisch" has begun. Many new features are to be intro duced this year and the annual will be exceptionally interesting. 5 Walter Reitmann, who Is a leading farmer of the lone country, was a vis itor in Heppner yesterday. He stn'es that the big wind of Tuesday did a lot of damage in blowing out wheat that had just been seeded. It appear ed to make little difference in the way the soil moved on account of being wet. Heavy rains of a few days before had wet the ground well but it blowed just tho Fame, and trav elers along the roads in cars and other vehicles could not keep the track owing to the thickness of the dust Archie Cox, of Woodland, Calif., is spending a few days at Heppner, vis iting with relatives and friends and looking after business. Mr. Cox rep resents a firm of sheepmen in his state who deal in high class stuff, and he makes the various fairs and live stock shows with exhibits, expecting to be at the Northwest Livestock show at Portland when it opens and from there will go on to Chicago. He is interesting our sheep owners in his line. j Jack French and Kddy Sheridan, two young men who were victims of j accidents during the Heppner Rodeo, have been getting around town this week on crutches. These boys both received broken legs and Mr. French has been recovering at tho hospital in Pendleton while Mr. Sheridan was cared for here, and they will soon be able to get off the crutches. Dean T. Goodman of Heppner gar- i age returned from a trip to Portland on Tuesday, bringing up a new 4 brake Kuick. The new car was for John Higley, cashier of the Farmers and Stocky rowers National bank. Dean got the benefit of the big sand storm between Rhen and Morgan and states that it was the worst he ever experienced. Mayor Bert Mason was up from lone a short time Wednesday after noon. He had contemplated making this visit to Heppner on Tuesday, but owing to the big wind storm he decid ed to put it off. Mr. Mason states that tho wind was extremely heavy in the north end of the county and can be recorded as one of the worst blows in many years. J. G. Doherty informs this paper that the hail and rain storm struck his place hard last week, and much damage was done to his summerfal low, (Jreat ditches were washed in the fields, and Jimmy states that the storm was something fierce while it lasted. The area covered was small, however, E. H. Kellogg of Rhea creek reports the prompt sale of his seven head of Jersey heifers and cows advertised in these columns. The heifers brought $75 per head and the older cows were disposed of at $85 apiece, and hd thinks this pretty good as a cash deal. .las. M. Kyle and J. M, Richards, rsidents of Stnntield, spent several days In Heppner this week on busi ness. Mr. Kyle is a prominent irri gationist of the west end of Uma tilla county. Mr, and Mrs, Fred Parrish of Con don are visiting this week at the country home of Mr. and Mrs. Gurnet Harratt. Mrs. Pnrrish was formerly Miss SiuMo HuddleMon of this city. J. C. Zan, C. J. MeUusker, Dr. F. B. Kfstner and T. M. Joyce constituted a hunting party from Portland that visited this section on Monday and were registered at Hotel Heppner. Hon, C. K. Woodson returned home Sunday from Eugene where he had been to attend a meeting of the board of regents of the University of Ore gon held in that city on Saturday. ,W. A. Wirtz, auditor of Tum-A-Lum Lumber Co., came over from Wulla Wnllti on Monday on an offi cial visit to tho yards of the com pany on the Heppner branch. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Cannon of the Ilardman section were visitors in this city over Tuesday night, return ing to their home Wednesday morn ing. Joe M. Hayes, Ilutter creek sheep man, spent a couple of days in the city on business this week, CHANCE FOR BIG GAME THIS SEASON Arthur Gemmell Victim of Run-Away Accident . Arthur Gemmell, local farmer, had his skull fractured last Saturday fore noon in a run-away accident. He was raking hay in his field on the Gemmell farm just south of this city when his team was frightened by the explosion of a blast on the road being built by the county through the Gem mell place, and ran away. Mr. Gem mell was thrown from the rake on his head, resulting in the injury. He was not knocked unconscious as he walked to the house and was brought to town by car immediately to receive surgical attention. When the fracture was examined by Dr. McMurdo It was found that a piece of the bone was pressing on the brain, necessitating quite skillful manipulation for its removel. The operation was quite successful, and Mr. Gemmell is reported to be pro gressing very favorably, though not yet entirely out of danger. GENTRY NOT GUILTY. L. V. Gentry was found not guilty on a moonshine charge in Justice court Monday. Officers raided his home on Hinton creek during the Ro deo, finding what they believed to be some moonshine mash, along with some of the finished product. Mr. Gen try had previously filed a plea of not guilty through his attorney, C. L. Sueek, and his trial was set for last Monday. The jury was convinced that the moonshine did not belong to Mr. Gentry, and that the mash was noth ing more than some fruit pulp which Mrs. Gentry had left after making jelly, and which she was using to make vinegar. CLOSES ULACKSMITH SHOP. J, B. Calmus has decided to close up his black smithing business in this city, for the time being at least, and may decide to go elsewhere and en gage in business, having in view the city of Bend as a good opening, though he thinks that it would be bet ter to go farther south. Mr. Calmus has been in poor health for some time and would like to get into a climate that agrees better with him than it apparently does at Heppner. STAR THEATER SUNDAY, MONDAY, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 22, 23 THE Me Dramatic Company of Merit, 1 4 People DRAMA tTnSvs VAUDEVILLE HIGH CLASS, CLEAN, MORAL COMEDIES & DRAMAS With Polite Vaudeville Between the Acts No Long Waits. ENTIRE CHANGE OF PR0GRAN EACH NIGHT Heppner is seldom visited by a company of this class, so be there. A Guaranteed Attraction Prices: Children 30c, Adults 75c. No Reserved Seats. Curtain 8:00 I0NE IS EXCITED BY FLOOD NEWS Word of Waterspout at Lexington Causes Suspense; Heavy Wind Storm Reported. There was considerable excitement in lone last Wednesday night when we were notified of a cloud burst In the Lexington vicinity and that we might expect high water. Knowing what could happen under such conditions, people were not slow to spread the news and prepare to seek higher ground. Several went to Lexington to see if help was needed but finding everyone safe, they soon returned to tell there was no danger. The section crew went, on duty at 2 o'clock to remove ton's of mud and rocks from the railroad tracks in or der that the train might run on sched ule time. Sam Lininger and wife of Portland passed through lone Sunday on their way to Pendleton. Mr. Barzee was a business caller in lone Saturday. Mrs. Matches and Mrs. Barnard of Dayton, Ore., returned to their home Saturday, after a short visit at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Lunger, The ladies were very favorably im pressed with eastern Oregon. Mr. and Mrs. Gene Noble, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Snyder, passed through lone Sunday. They were on their way to lower Willow creek to pend a few hours hunting. A small son of Mrs. Lydia RitcVue was carelessly handling a gun Sunday evening when it was discharged and inflicted bad flesh wounds in both hands. Nolan Page and his mother, Mrs. McMurry, drove to McMinnville Fri day, returning Sunday. They were accompanied by Mrs. Howe who has teen visiting at their home for some time. Mr. and Mrs, Gunzel and daughter Dorris, spent the week-end in Port land. L. E. Dick who has been inLewis- tnn for some time, was called home tropolitan Players Grandma Howard Has Birthday Anniversary Sunday was the birthday anniver sary of Mrs. Henry Howard, and the event was remembered by her neigh- bora and friends, who, to the num ber of 18, came in on her with an abundance of good things to eat, and the occasion of her 90th birthday was one of such pleasure that Grand ma Howard will always remember it. Mrs. Howard, who is a pioneer res ident of Heppner, is fast approaching the century mark in life's journey and is numbered among the most el derly people of the community. She still enjoys good health and can reas onably look forward to many more birthday anniversaries, and the hap piest times of her life are the oc casions when her neighbors come in as in the manner they did on Sunday. ARM IS BROKEN. Robert Jones, eldest son of the late Emmett Jones, had the misfortune to break both bones in his right fore arm, while at play at the school grounds yesterday afternoon. Dn Mc Murdo set the bones, and reports that without further mishap the fractures will heal in due course of time. Saturday to relieve Mr. Doty of the Heppner station, Mr. Doty being call- , ed to California. Miss Grace Cochran came in on Sunday evening's train to visit rela tives in lone. The wind storm Tuesday did con siderable damage in and around lone, several large shade trees being up rooted in lone. Archie Cochran reports 1220 acres of wheat, that he had just seeded, en tirely blown out of the ground. Mr. Peterson, who farms the Heliker place had a number of acres of wheat which was coming up. This was cov ered so deep that he will likely have to re seed. Mr. Fred Braly of Albany is in lone. He is on a deal for the Schriver place which is located 6 miles south west of lone. J. W. Becket of Portland was in lone on business Monday. Vawter Crawford, of the G.-T., was a business caller in lone on Saturday. ThisJVeek iMinm rubaaa How Long Can You Think Divorce and Cancer. How Rich Are We? "Harvard will teach freshmen to think." Perhaps it can be done. But it recalls the old saying about leading a horse to water. "I write, not that you may read, but that you may think." Montes quieu put that in his "Spirit of Laws" long ago. Socrates showed where true thinking begins when he said he supposed he was called the wisest of the Greeks because he knew that he knew nothing. Thinking cannot be taught, ex actly. But it can be stimulated. When the apple fell, that started important thought in Newton. When Columbus made the egg stand up, that probably made the spectators think for a few seconds. But how can you teach or provoke PKOLONGED concentrated thinking? Select your subject, "matter unlimited in infinite space," or "time without beginning or end," or "the logical probability of personal Immortality." The average mind will find it hard to stick to one thought for three min utes. For seven marriages in the United States there is one divorce. For 1 seven people of middle age one is sure to die of cancer. , Some call the divorce cancer worse j than any other malignant tumor. j If we understood cancer and di vorce w-e might find them not so far apart. Both come from ignorance, both could be prevented. The voters of Oklahoma seem to have decided against Governor Wal ton, in favor of the Ku Klux by an overwhelming majority. Governor Walton secures an injunction to pre vent an election that would impeach and put him out. If it be true that the Eu Klux com pletely control a great state, that in terests all other states. It may be that Oklahoma voted not so much in favor of the Ku Klux as against Gov ernor Walton's use of militia to pre vent voting. Statistics put the wealth of the United States, everything included, at three hundred thousand million dol dolIarB. Taxation assessment on New York City's real estate is increased, this year, more than one thousand million. The total assessed value of New York is eleven billion and a quarter. It would be impossible to guess the to tal wealth of the United States with several cities that will soon be bigger than New York is now, Chicago, Los Angeles, Seattle, Detroit, among oth ers. Man Wanted Here Is Captured at Vancouver Alvin Strait, wanted in this county since early last spring, when he es caped from the officials in a raid on a moonshine outfit down in Juniper canyon, was last week located at Ya- colt, Wash., and is now being held at Vancouver, awaiting the necessary le gal procedure, that he may be return ed here. Strait was alleged to have resisted arrest and took a shot or two at District Attorney Notson and dep uty sheriffs Tom Chidsey and Paul McDuffee, and afterwards made his escape across the Columbia into Washington, succeeding in his eva sion of the officers since that time. THE FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST. Lord's Day, October 21, 1923. The world has one hope, and one only; it is not money, power nor dip lomacy, it is the Church of Christ, this will ultimately be discovered. Your first duty is to support her in every way; here is the repititlon of your weekly opportunity: Bible school 9:45, teachers, equipment, the Book; all we need is YOU. Communion and preaching at 11 o'clock, subject, "The Lord s Day. ' Junior and lntermedi ate Christian Endeavor at 4 p. m. Sen ior Endeavor at 6:30 and song service and preaching at 7:30. Theme of eve ning sermon, "God's Plan to Save the Race." You are most cordially invited to attend the services. WHEAT TRUCK BURNS. Report coming to this paper is to the effect that the Ford truck of Edi son Morgan was totally destroyed by fire on Tuscday. together with 25 sacks of grain. He was on the way to town from the rnnch and was caught in the big dust storm. Getting off the road into a bunch of dry weeds, the truck was evidently tired by the ex haust setting fire to the weeds as Mr. Morgan was endeavoring to get back into the road. Miss Lucile Melick arrived at Hepp ner on Saturday and on Monday took up her duties as teacher of English and history in the high school, taking the place of Miss Janet Frasier. re signed. Miss Melick is a graduate of the University of Nebraska and last your taught at Long Bench, Cal ifornia. Gay M. Anderson regrets very much the accident that happened to his family on Sunday, when, on taking a shot at some pheasants he wounded his faithful bird dog. Lady. The in juries were not fatal to the animal at the time, but the outcome depends on careful nursing. T. J. Mahoney. vice president of the First National bank of Heppner, was in tho city on Friday to attend a meeting of the directors of the l bunk. Mr. Mahoney now resides at Nam pa, Idaho, where he hits charge of a bank. or Arthur u JOSEPH T. HINKLE, HERMIST0N, DIES Father of Irrigation Represented County in Legislature: Was Well Known In State. Pendleton East Oregonian. The death of Joseph T. Hinkle oc curred at his home near Hermiston, Sunday at 12:30 p. m. after an illness covering a period of about three years. Mr. Hinkle was born in Cumberland county, Kentucky, on November 2, 1866 and came to Umatilla county with his parents in March, 1882, set tling in the northern portion of this county in the Juniper district. Here ! he continued to reside for several , years and here he returned to teach in the public schools of that district after his marriage to Miss Ada Coop er, in Idaho in 1884. While thus en gaged he took up the study of law un til he was admitted to practice at the Pendleton bar in October, 1897. He was subsequently admitted to prac tice in all the courts of Oregon, Wash ington and Idaho and in the Supreme Court of the United States. After practicing law for some years in Pendleton Mr. Hinkle became in terested in irrigation, removed to the western portion of the county and gave such application to the irriga tion laws of the state that he became the best known and most consulted specialist in this line in Oregon. He was the founder of the Oregon Irri gation congress and served as its sec retary and president for several years. While serving his county as its repre sentative in the legislature in 1911-13 he became known as the father of ir rigation in Oregon through his la bors in the establishment of the pres ent laws and in the revision of the similar laws which preceded them. He was a member of the National Ir rigation Congress and an active par ticipator in ita councils and for sev eral years before his death was under retainer by the government as spec ial counsel to the National Reclama tion Service for the district of Ore gon, Washington and Idaho, perform ing services in this employ which took him all over the states named and extended his acquaintance over a great region which will feel his loss. The Hinkle Ditch, one of the com pleted irrigation projects in this county, bears his name and owes its existence to his faith and preserver- ance. Irrigation projects in central Oregon also owe much to Mr. Hinkle's cooperation and professional counsel. At one period Mr. Hinkle was en gaged in journalism in Denver, Idaho, and at another in Pendleton, where he was editor of the Alliance Herald, publslhed In the interest of the Farm ers alliance in this county of which he was then an active member. His editorial writings were marked for their ability and moderation. He was also in great demand as a public speaker in the early period of the settlement of this county, and was held by his friends to be one of the ablest extemporaneous speakers which this portion of the state has known. In the old days "Joe" Hinkle was in great demand and went from one school house to another in the per formance of the political labors which he deemed to be his duty, while in more recent times he became one of the most eloquent pleaders ever heard at the Pendleton bar. The Eagle-Woodman hall in this city was the conception of Mr. Hinkle and as-Eociates who cooperated with him in its erection and in the organ ization of Pendleton Aerie No. 28, Fraternal Order of Eagles, here. I The surviving members of the fam- j ily are his widow, Ada Hinkle, and ! his son and daughter Dale and Fran ces Hinkle. His mother still lives, at the advanced age of 90 years. The living brothers are, C. P, Hinkle of Lewiston, Idaho; W B. Hinkle of Portland, Ore., and A. C. Hinkle of Hillsboro, Ore. Funeral services will be conducted at the family home near Hermiston, at 11 a. m. Tuesday, Oct. 16 and the interment will be made in the Pendleton Mausoleum at 3 p. m, of the same date. Mr. Hinkle was very active in the work of the order of K. P. of this county and the funer al services will be in charge of Rec lamation Lodge No. 107 of Hermi.Uon in and near which he has resided during the past fourteen years, and from which lodge he has recently re ceived the gold medal awarded to members who have passed through the chairs and continued in good standing throughout a period of 25 years. The pallbearers have been selected from the Umatilla County Bar Asso ciation. They are Col. J. H. Raley, Will M. Peterson, Mayor James A. Fee, Fred Steiwer, Homer I. Watts, and W. J. Warner. TAILOR SHOP CHANGES HANDS. The tailoring and pressing estab lishment of G. Framen this week passed into new hands, when Mr. Franzen closed up a deal with Messrs. K. Schibar and John Shusenski, re cently of Portland, who have taken charge. Mr. Franzen departed today for Portland and will make his home in that city in the future, his family having preceded him some six weeks ago. The new firm comes to Heppner well recommended, and we bespeak for it a good patronage as successors of Mr. Franzen, who enjoyed a good trade here for many years. DAVSNER-McPHERRIN. Mr. Lloyd McPherrrin and Miss Leoni Dausner were married at the home of the groom's brother, O, H, McPherrin last Wednesday, Rev. W. O. Livingstone performing the cere mony. Mr. McPherrin has been here but n short time and is connected with the Arlington-Heppner stage line of which his brother is proprietor and his bride was a resident of Umatilla county. Mr. and Mrs. McPherrin have not decided whether they will reside at Heppner or Arlington their location depending on just how his work as driver for the stage line develop. lst 3-8 karat diamond setting from ring; probably between Method ist church and Ad kins home. Re ward. Mrs. Albert Ad kin a, phone 654. I TOO 111 Cooperation of Producer and Consumer Is Solution. MIDDLEMEN PROFIT Farmer Mast "Get Higher Returns While Public Demands Lower Prices to L'ae Supply. By C. E. SPENCB, State Markrt Aent. 728 Court Hoiwe, Portland. The plain purpose of cooperation is to control marketing in the interests of the producer or consumer. Producers cooperate to obtain high er prices, consumers to get lower prices. It would seem that the two movements would conflict, yet on the contrary, through efficient organiza tions and management, both classes may be benefitted, through elimin ating the many needless expenses, profits and waste between the pro ducer and consumer and dividing them between the two classes. To illustrate: Apple growers state that the wholesale price they receive is below what it cost them to grow the fruit, but at the same time single apples on Fourth street in Portland retailed for five cents each. A G re sh am gardner reports that he received fora 12 to 15 cents per dozen for corn, which the Portland restaurants re sell from 15 to 25 cents per ear. Some weeks ago the Yakima Valley News stated that new potatoes were re tailing for 10 cents per pound, or $200 per ton, and the price the farm ers got was three cents per pound or $60 per ton. A Portland business man, who has a home on the River road, five miles out of Portland, has hundreds of sacks of apples that he gives to those who will come after them, but for which he cannot get enough on the Portland markets to pay the expense of picking, grading and sacking. Too many profits were added to these products, and to nearly all oth er farm products. They go through too many hands. There is far too much distributing machinery, too many classes of markets and profits in between. Distribution of farm products is almost entirely in the hands of the dealers and brokers. The grower has nothing to say as to the price. The middle interests fix both the buying and selling prices and both producers and consumers must take it and pay it. The producer realizes that he must market his own products and obtain a higher price or go out of business. He knows that the middle interests are getting the profits that should be his. He knows that he must get a part of these middle profits or he must quit producing. Hence commod ity organizations are rapidly forming in many states with the purpose of controlling the bulk of the crop and so distributing and marketing it that a living price may be obtained. Consumers could greatly help to re duce distributing expenses and get farm products at lower prices if they were as much concerned in the re tail price as the grower is in his price. Consumers, retailers and pro ducers' organizations cooperating could shorten the long route; elimin ate middle speculation and greatly reduce the between expenses. The success or failure of Oregon's organizations will depend almost en tirely on management. This is the most important part of cooperation. It must be in competent hands. It must be business from start to finish. Friendships, favors, jobs must have no part in the organization. It must be handled as successful private or ganizations are managed. Nearly ev ery co-operative failure in Oregon can be traced to poor management. Men I who know marketing, standardizing, grading, distribution must have charge; men who know how to hold i down expenses, to reduce waste, to handle men. Experts in these lines must be found. Growers' organiza tions seldom succeed in successfully marketing their products. When co-operative associations are founded on these safe principles, and are backed by growers' contracts to the extent of 75 per cent of the pro duct grown, then will the farmers be able to tell the buyers what the price shall be. Mr. Roll Takes Over Ho tel Heppner Dining Room W. E. Bell, proprietor of Hotel Heppner this week took over the com plete management of the hostlery when he assumed control of the din ing room. This had been in charge of K. Tani, from The Dalles, who has run the same for the past couple of months and enjoyed a good trade. Mr. Tani gave a turkey dinner on Sunday to his patrons, and states that he will likely remain here and open up a lunch counter. Under the management of Mr. Bell, who is making some changes and tak ing out the lunch counter that was recently installed by Mr, Foley, It is anticipated that the hotel dining room will become yet more attractive than in the past. AI. KINGTON VS. HK1TNER. The first football game to be played on the local gridiron will Uke place next Saturday afternoon between Ar lington and Heppner hih schools. Arlington is reported to have a strong team, and as Heppner has not lost a game, this contest promises to be well worth the attention of local fans. The high school boys urge that every one turn out and give them a boost. They hope to have a winiririg team this year, at the finish m well a the start. Charley Acock, Rhea creek ranchur, ia recovering from the results of an accident in which he had lumu rib broken arid was othurwUe bruised up, when a toad of hay turned iivnr on him at hi home recently.