Off. ',V. .u,lt0fi The Gazettetii yjiEs PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY Volume 39, Number 22. HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUG. 31, 1922. Subscription $2.00 Per Year j r G. 0. P. OFFICERS OF 511 TALKED HERE Heppner Visited by State Chairman Tooie and State Secretary Ingslls. Gathering of County Committeemen and Othera Add reeled Following Lun cheon at Hotel Patrick Laat Evening. The arrival in Heppner on yeaterday afternoon of Walter L. Tooze, Jr., chair man and C. E. IngalU, secretary of the republican itate central committee was the meant of bringing together quite a number of the precinct committeemen of the county, and other leading repub licans in a meeting following a luncheon at Hotel Patrick last evening. Mr. Tooie is a leading attorney of Mc Hinnvlile, while Mr. Ingalli is editor of the Gatette-Times of Corvallia and a leading figure in the affairs of the city where the Oregon Agricultural college is looted. Both are very enthusiastic party men and take much interest in po litical affairs of the state. Mr. Tooie has been in a number of counties of the state in the interests of the party and planning for the coming campaign and he was joined by Mr. Ingalls at Pendle ton, where a series of stirring meetings were held on Tuesday, and it is reported much good was accomplished in bringing together the warring factions of the re publican party of our neighbor county to the east. Adresses were made by both Mr. Tooze and Mr. Ingalls at last night's meeting and while it was not found necessary to court the good offices of the dove of peace in this county, there appearing to be nothing of a disturbing nature in the party ranks here, yet what the speakers had to say was listened to with close at tention, snd much of interest was pre sented. Following the meeting the coun ty central committee held a short ses sion and plans were outlined for the carrying on of the campaign in the coun ty, the state committeemen being pled ged the loyal support of the county and precinct organizations. Voting a straight ticket from gover nor to constable and placing party in terests above personal ambitions was the strong plea of Mr. Tooze, who is intense ly a party man, and believes strongly in party organization. He made a storng plea for party harmony; stated that he had no use for the man who would go to the primaries and help nominate a man for office and then vote against him in the general election; the following of such practices by many in Oregon under our present political system was disrupting both the republican and dem ocratic parties and was the means of getting men and measures on the ballot that were not worthy; it was destroying the statesmanship of the country and leaving the dominant parties leaderless, as men were elected to office who had no principles of any sort to stand for. We should get back to strict party organi sation, and Mr. Tooze is traveling the state just now for the purpose of re storing the republican party. He pleads for party harmony and solidarity and sounds a warning against issues that tend to break down party unity and de clares that the republican party needs right now to fortify itself against the Attack which the non-partisan leagut is preparing to make in this Btate; they have captured the democratic organiza tion of Idaho and through the indiffer ence of party men and-the operations of cat political system covering a period of tome twenty years past party organ izations in this state have become so weakened that they fail to stand out Against the propaganda of the non-partisan league and it will take united ac tion to keep then out of this state. Mr. Tooze recalled that this country -was founded by people seeking political and religious freedom, and he declared that the right to worship as one pleases and still have political equality with oth er citizens is the inherent right 6f ev ery American citizen, and deplored the Injection of the "religious" question Into state politics. "I belong to no clique or faction," he said, "and am not anti this or pro that except that I am pre-republican and ev erything that tends to build up the par ty." He declared that he stood person ally for representative government as opposed to democratic government by which latter term he referred to a gov ernment giving the people direct control through primaries, the initiative and re ferendum. His desire was to perfect a real or ganization in the republican party of the state and to make the party a reality and not merely a theory. He said he hoped to Impress the republican voters with their duties as citizens and party members, and he scored those men and women, citizens, who professed to have no use for politics and paid no attention use for the citizen who had the right to to political matters, and he had little the ballot and never exercised it. Mr. Tooze also paid his respects to the democratic nominee for governor, Walter M. Pierce, stating that he was a man of no real convictions; had been a populist, socialist, and most everything else, but In the final analysis, always for Pierce, and there was no reason why any republican should cast his vote for him for governor. His selection would mean the building up of a democratic machine in this state that it would take a series of ycara to get rid of. The choice of a governor for the state of Oregon Is not a matter of personalities. Mr. Tooze closed his address with a plea for clean politics; he was absolute ly opposed to boss rule in political par ties but believed in the statesmanship of the country running our politics and this would be the case when all good citizens camo forward and did their duty In making politics clean. Mr. Ingalls fallowed in a short ad dress on the necesity of political parties In a republican form of government, pre senting the thought of a number of lead ing statesmen, party men and historians on this point. He has made a special study of this subject for some time past and has a great deal of Important data to back up his assertions. The women are also being organised and will have htelr place in the party organization along with the men, prac tically on a fifty-fifty basis, and wher ever the members of the state committee go they are urging the women to take part in the deliberations and plans of the party. The state committeemen were given assurance that Morrow county will stand by the ticket and the usual strong re publican majority rolled up for the par ty nominees at the fall election. Portland Banker Views Crops in Wallowa Co. T. J. Mahoney, president of the Col umbia Basin Wool Warehouse company, spent a few days in the county the first of the week, departing yesterday after noon. He went through many farming districts with Jay II. Dobbin, and saw some wonderful crops coming to matur ity, and other fields carelessly or im properly farmed and bearing crops that) spelled failure. Mr. Dobbin ahowed him a wheat field just ready for harvest which looked perfect, and there are oth ers like it in the neighborhood. The Columbia Basin company, Mr. Ma honey said, will continue to serve the sheep men of the northwest as it it now doing. It handled less wool this year than before the disturbed market condi tions forced it to go through something of a reorganization, but it is financing the sheep business very largely. Mr. Dobbin was first president of the com nanv. Mr. Mahonev. formerly a Henn- he Is affiliated with several financial houses. Enterprise Record-Chieftain. A logging "chance" on which 50 to 60 million board feet of timber can be cut annualy for all time is the unparalleled offer to American lumbermen by the North Pacific District of the Forest Ser vice of the U.S. Department of Agricul ture, just announced by Assistant Dis trict Forester Fred Ames. This means that the industry established to man ufacture this timber will never have to be moved, and that it will always be as sured of an ample supply of raw ma terial. The first block of this timber to be placed on the market is located on the Bear Valley watershed of the Silvies River, Malheur National Forest, north of Burns, Oregon. The tract is estimsted to contain 890,000,000 feet of western yellow pine, Douglas fir, western larch and lodgepole pine, which will be opened for logging development under Govern ment regulations. In order to operate this unit it will be necessary to build a railroad from the present terminus of the Union Pacific at Crane through Burns, and up the Silvies River to Sen eca, a distance of 80 miles, Mr. Ames says. The consummation of this sale would bring about railroad development for the Harney Valley which has long been needed by the agricultural and commercial interests of that part of Ore gon. The unit now being advertised in cludes 67,000 acres of fine yellow pine similar in quality to the well known Blue Mountain pine. In addition to the Bear Valley area are virgin forests containing over 6,000,000,- 0O0 feet of merchantable timber which ill be available for future cutting. For est officers say these timber units con tain the finest and most extensive for ests of western yellow pine owned by the Government and it is expected that much interest will be shown on the part of operaters in the West and South who are looking for new locations. These forests will be developed, fed eral experts say, that under the plan of management proposed the forests will produce an inexhaustible supply of tim ber. The advertised initinl stumpage rates are $2.76 per thousand feet for the pine and $.50 per M. feet for the other species, the removal of which is optional with the purchaser. The contract will al low twenty years for the removal of the timber now advertised. The advertise ment will run until February 15, 1923. The Star theater announces a program extraordinary for tonight and tomorrow Thursday, August 31 and Friday, hep- tember 1, when Chas. K. Dimond and his Hawaiian entertainers will be presented in a solid hour of musical entertainment. They will offer the dreamy Oriental fan tasy, "The Princess of Paradise," and then William S. Hart will appear in "O'Malley of the Mounted," a big story of the Northwest. Admission will be, adults, 56 cents and children, 30 cents. Washington Results Favor Dry Treatment for Smut A summary of the results obtained from the experiments conducted in the state of Washington with copper carbon ate for the control of smut have prac tically all been in favor of the dry treat ment. A report coming from the state of Washington indicates that there was a high percentage of smut generally speaking throughout their entire area, regardless of the method of control used. The state pathologist rendered a sum marized report, a copy of which was sent to the Morrow county agent. The sum mary of the results in the state of Washington show the following smut percentages for the different methods of treatment: No treatment, 10 per cent; bluestone, 10 per cent; bluestone followed by lime bath, 11 per cent; formaldehyde, 11 per cent; formaldehyde followed by lime bath, 10 per cent; copper carbonate, (dry treatment), TVs per cent. It will be noted that a high percentage of smut was obtained in every case, Even the copper carbonate treatment which was the lowest still obtained alto gether too much smut. The pathologists feel, however, that it has given the best results this last year and that this av erage can be cut down by the machine treating of the grain so that it will all be properly done. Reports from Washington county agents reveal the fact that they are or dering copper carbonate in ton lots to fill orders for fall treatment. An order has been placed for copper carbonate by the Morrow County Farm Bureau and just as fast as orders from farmers are received accompanied by their check their orders will be placed on file and filled as ordered. Gilliam & Bisbee of Heppner, Oregon, are manufacturing a machine which properly treats the wheat with powder and they say that these can bo secured idea to place your orders a few days be in quantities but that it would be a good fore you want the machine in order to avoid congestion. C. C. CALKINS, County Agent. SX. 5""" Vj , l fHESE'U. BE THE )JjfZ ( " PRESERVES 4 i v i . . i war vx?ssy-r . Writer Inspired Because Of Recent Arrest of Youth "Sheriff Cy Bingham, of Grant county, was a visitor in Heppner for a short time Friday being on his way to north Idaho where he will spend a short va cation visiting friends. Mr. Bingham came via Heppner to get aome Informa tion about a Morrow county man who is in jhiI at Canyon on a number of bad check charges. His name is Jimmy Leach and he hails from somewhere in the Hardman country and it is said he sowed quite a crop of phoney checks among the Grant county business men" From Heppner Herald of August 8, 1922. . , (By His Former Teacher.) Some years ago while teaching in the 4th, 5th and 6th grades of the Hardman schools, a small boy was attending school at the same time. He was only 6 or 7 years old at this time. During that school year a doctor of psychology and phrenology came into the town of Hard man and gave a number of lectures. He also gave readings privately to anyone who came to him. This little boy's tea cher was conscientiously interested in his welfare, and after making unsuccess ful appeals to his father to take the boy to Dr. Cooper for a reading, she took him herself. Dr. Cooper made the read ing and advised that the child be placed in a home for boys, where he might have correct training and avoid the criminal life he was sure to meet under the cir cumstances surrounding him at that time. A hopeless criminal, without prop er training! The father only laughed at the idea. He did not even get the boy a respectable boarding house. Nor e'en looked to pee if the boy had a chance If emme in hid heritajre checked hU advance. Were the seed that has caused this great har vest of crime, Buried deep, far hark in the auren of time? In time that f nat were iniquities sown That are now in the fourth aeneration shown T Whs it Rcoldinjw and quarreling and flailinim thnt hrouyht Such a curse on his life that misfortune has wrought 7 Was he humored and spoiled and taught to attain At whatever rout the prire he would (tain? Yes, he hails from the Hardman coun try. The Grant county sheriff is here looking up his record. How deplorable the fact that his record was not looked up years ago. His life was cursed by his heritage. Did anyone try to prevent this crime? Did the law make the fa ther responsible? Did the law try to fashion and model his aoul By the ideal that Christ gave to ub for our KoalT Did the law interfere when the parents, en r tiffed Beat the son, and in scoldings and quarrels enfrapod ? Did the law try to teach him his neighbor was one Of his own fellowmrn a brother, his own? Or was it lean trouble to let him pas on, And go on in his way, till the deed It was done? Did the law take him up at a yet tender njrc And lead him in paths that love's teaching- prenntce? And what is law for? A crime to prevent? Must it wait til thut crime has had it's ad vent ? How much easier it would have been years ago to have prevented the crime for which this same poor, unfortunate boy, caused by the sins of his parents, is now in jail at Canyon. Why can not our laws be responsible? Why does a license for marriage have to be issued to those who arc not mentally capable of bringing law abiding citizens into the world instead of criminals? Seems to me tills is the keynote for erasing all crime and lawlessness. Do you know the circumstances of this boy's birth and early life? Anyone from the Hardman country can tell you. But first of all we must have con scientious officers. For Society calls for deep thinking- men, Men who can always, through worry and din, Apply common sense at the right time and place, And by thinking aright all crime can erase. Can command great respect for our nntion and laws ; And progress will follow these efforts, because The world will ho belter for our having been A part of Its life, 'mong right thinking men. Paul Hlsler is home from Portland, where he has been for some time taking treatment for a badly infecfed wrist and arm. He is much better of his ailment and thinks he will be entirely well soon. All Over the State Just CERTIFIFO SEED IS IN GREAT DEMI It is gratifying to note th great de mand that there has been for certified seed in all parts of the county. Any man whose seed is mixed can afford to pay fifteen or twenty cents more per bushel, if necessary, to get clean seed. This is not ncessary aa it can be ob tained so near the market price that there is no question about the value of getting clean seed. So many have asked where clean seed could be cbtained, hav ing lost the original list, that we have asked the newspaper to htsdly iist ahem again for your convenience.' ' Turkey-Red. Name and address Acres L. Redding, Eight Mile 25 Harve McRoberts, Lexington 100 Joe Craig, Lexington.. 70 Troy Bogard, lone .. 800 C. R. Peterson, lone 250 John Nolan, lone . 100 U. W. Brown, lone.. 320 Earl Warner, Lexington 240 Johann Troedson, lone 160 F. E. Mason, Lexington 140 R. W. Turner, Heppner 150 0. Lundell, lone 30 Hybrid 128. Tommy Boylen, Echo 1300 Phil Cohn, Heppner . .. 100 Bluestem. W. F. Barnett, Lexington. 320 Geo. McMillan, Lexington 200 Forty-Fold. 1. Redding, Eight Mile 100 Leonard Carlson, lone 600 Oscar Kelthley, Eight Mile 100 C. E. Carlson, lone 200 Hard Federation. L. Redding, Eight Mile 5 Early Baart. Johann Troedson. lone'. 120 C. C. CALKINS, County Agent. Pilot Rock Editor Has Mysteriously Disappeared Jean P. Kirkpatrick, owner and pub lisher of the Pilot Rock Record, has been missing from his home at WallaWalla since the 15th of August, and his present whereabouts is a mystery to his family and friends. He left Pilot Rock more than three weeks ago, going to Walla Walln, where, it is reported, he was to arrange for the getting out of a pub lication backed by the Ku Klux Klan, copy for which was to be prepared in Walla Walla and the printing of the pa per to be done at his plant in Pilot Rock. It is stated that he reached Walla Walla alright, and leaving that city to return to Pilot Rock, he dropped out of sight entirely and nothing has been heard of him since, and his wife and relatives are very anxious to locate him. 1 A the meantime the Record is being published by a printer who was left in charge of the plant by Kirkpatrick. It is feared he has been foully dealt with, this theory being strongly adhered to by his relatives, while others think he was prompted to get away because of the depts standing against his business at Pilot Rock. Small Fire Creates Excitement on Sunday There was somo little excitement in town just after noon Sunday, when the fire alarm sounded, and there was a rush for the home of W. L. McCaleb, the fire being located in the woodshed. It start ed from an explosion of a coal oil stove and the prompt arrival of the fire fight ing force prevented a bad fire. Mr. Mc Caleb lives in the Simpson residence and the fire had been lighted in the shed just back of the house to do aome cook ing for dinner. No very serious damage resulted to the property. Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Akers and Miss Alma Akers motored to Portland on Sun day. Mr. and Mrs. Akers will spend a couple of weeks visiting in the city and Miss Akers will remain there for the winter. Now Funeral of Aaron Peterson Was Largely Attended The funeral of Aaron Peterson, prom inent Eight Mile citizen, was largely at tended by friends and neighbors on Fri day afternoon, services being held at both the residence and the Lutheran church, near the Peterson farm, and in terment being in the cemetery in the church yard. Rev. B. S. Nystrom, pastor of the church, preached the funral discourse and officiated at the burial, assisted by M. L. Case, undertaker of Heppner. A fitting tribute was paid to the departed by the pastor, who had known Mr. Peter son well for the past twenty years, and was always impressed with the high I .1 i t: : , l 1 adopted son of our country. Music was furnished by a choir of several voices, and there were many beautiful floral of ferings from the friends and relatives of the deceased. Aaron Peterson was born in Sweden, September 9, 1857, and came to America in 1888. He settled in Morrow county and was one of the pioneers in the Swedish settlement near Gooseberry, where he prospered and made a good home for himself and family. He died at his home surrounded by his family, August 23, 1922, at the age of 64 years, 11 months and 14 days. His health had been failing for more than a year. He had been married to Ida Marie Peterson since March 13, 1886. The marriage was blessed with six children, namely, five sons, Richard, Ture, Henry, Victor and Elmer and one daughter, Es ther, all living and present at their fa ther's funeral with the mother, Mrs. Ida Peterson. He leaves besides, two bro thers and one sister. The brothers are Henning Peterson of Portland, and Pro fessor C. Kalbert of Lindsborg, Kansas, and the sister, Emma Johnson, residing in Sweden. He was a prosperous farmer, and had succeeded by frugality and patient in dustry in making one of the best farm homes in the county and also in assist ing several of his sons in getting good farm homes in the vicinity. For many years Mr. Peterson had been a stock holder in the Bank of lone and one of the directors of this bank, and in every way he was a worthy citizen of the com munity and held in high esteem by all who knew him. FIRST CHRISTIAN CHURCH. September J, 1922. Dr. T. L. Cuyler says, "Religion's home is in the conscience. Its watchword is the word 'ought'." The thing that a man ought, and does not. proclaims him a weakling. Your spiritual life ought to be sustained, the best place for that is the church service. So we are inviting you to the church services of next Lord's Day. There will be just the two ser vices, Bible school at 10 and Communion and preaching at 11. We shall be pleas ed to see you, come. The evening ser vice wiU be omitted on account of th, revival services at the Federated church. LIVINGSTONE. Will Hold Auction Sale Saturday, September 16 John E. Brenner announces that he will hold an auction sale of all his per sonal property, consisting of horses, cows, farm implements and household goods, at his ranch on Rhea creek, ten miles southeast of lone on Saturday, September 16. The sale will be con ducted by F. A. McMenamin, auctioneer, and full announcement will appear next week. CARD OF THANKS. To our friends and neighbors who so kindly assisted us during the last illness and at the funeral of our beloved hus band and father, Aaron Peterson, we ex tend our sincere thanks. Your acts of sympathy and beautiful floral offerings are appreciated more than words can ex press. MRS. AARON FETERSON, C. RICHARD PETHKSON, Tl'RE E. PETERSON, HENRY E. PETERSON, VICTOR G. PETERSON, ELMER F. PETERSON, ESTHER M. PETERSON. FOR SALE 1918 Hudson speedster, excellent condition; almost new cord tires. A real bargain, at Heppner Garage. the Federated Church The Stonrs-Haslam evangelistic party are conducting a campaign in the Fed erated church, which began on last Sun day evening and will continue on indefi nitely, the services beginning at 7:45. The evangelist, W. R. Storms, has conducted many very successful cam paigns. His messages stir everyone who sits within his hearing. Mr. Fenwick, the cornetist, is an ex pert with the comet and will render many beautiful selections during the campaign. Mr. Fenwick lived in sin, played for dances 2 years and will re late some of his experiences. There will be a lively song service every night, conducted by 1. R. L. Has lam, also special music each evening. The boys and girls will also have a spe cial part in the services and you will want to hear them Thursday night. There is special interest in the meet ings and the crowds are increasing every night. Come and hear the old-time gos pel in power. L L N. L. Shaw dropped in on us yester day to put a little oil on our wheel by placing some silver in the till. He has finished the harvesting of his wheat crop and has his grain all in the warehouse at Lexington. Mr. Shaw thinks that the farmer, while not getting quite all that is his by right, is yet pretty well sit uated and a happy man. The most of his crop this year was bluestem, and the long, cold winter was somewhat detri mental. What grain he threshed, how ever, is of excellent quality. Mr. Shaw is a pioneer farmer of the Clark canyon section. Dr. Huckleberry of the state board of health was a visitor in Heppner on Wed nesday. He is traveling over the state and checking up on contagious diseases, and reports that he found considerable diptheria of rather severe form in dif ferent localities, and suggests that it would be well to keep an eye open for any symptoms of this disease and have the proper treatment applied early. It is reported that the road contrac tors, Messrs. Moore and Anderson, who have just recently moved the rock crush er to a point about three miles down the road from Heppner, will put on an other shift of men, working both day and night, in order to speed up on the contract. It will not be long now until they have connected up with the old ma cadam at the Wightman place. Mrs. I. R. Esteb of Goldendale, Wash., is enjoying a visit at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Oscar Keithley on Eight Mile. She has been a guest at the Keith- ley borne for the past two weeks and may decide to remain there for the win ter. Mr. Keithley and family were visi ters in the city yesterday. Jack Hynd, mayor of Cecil, and bis assistant, Al Henriksen, two staunch republicans from the north end of the county, were in the city last evening and met with other members of the party at Hotel Patrick to fraternise with the members of the state committee, Messrs. Tooze and Ingalls. Mrs. Anna Webster, of Portland, has been visiting at the home of her par ents, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Smith in this city the past week. She will be accom panied home by her son Freddie, who has been spending the summer with his grandparents. Mrs. Roy V. Whiteis departed for the east this morning to take a post gradu ate course in nursing. She expects to be absent for about 6 months. Accompany ing Mrs. Whiteis was Mrs. Claude Cox. who goes to Rochester, Minn., for an operation at the hands of Mayo brothers FOUND Ladies plush coat, on Hepp- ner-Butter creek road, 1 mile east of Sand Hollow; pair of glasses in pocket of coat; owner can get same by calling at this office and paying for this adver tisement. 3t. The little daughter of Wm. Cox near Monument, got her arm broken one day last week when a horse she was riding fell with her. She was brought to Hepp ner and Dr. McMurdo attended to her injuries. Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Parsell, Messrs Tom Bagan and Lee Bartholomew all of Stanfield, were week-end visitors at the home of Mr. Bartholomew's grandmot her, Mrs. Mary Bartholomew in this city. Gus Peret, the famous rifle shot, will give one of his exhibitions in Heppner tomorrow, all arrangements for the event having been fully completed by Peoples Hardware company of this city. Mrs. J. A. Patterson departed on Tues day morning for an extended visit with relatives in Illinois, Pennsylvania and New York, planning to be absent for about three months. Mrs. Riley Juday, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sam Hughes, returned to her home in Portland on Friday after spending a couple of weeks visiting with her par ents in this city. The family of Chas. Thomson are en joying an outing in the mountains, hav ing joined the summer colony up on Wil low creek, where they occjpy the Koy niteis camp. - Miss Jessica Suhm, formerly a teach er in Heppner schools, accompanied by her sister and brother, visited wkh friends in this city for a few dnys the past week. A ten-pound son was born to Mr. and Mrs. Walter Eubanks of Rhea creek on Friday. August 25th, and mother and child are reported to be doing well. Mr. and Mrs. Chas. H. Latourell de parted by car for Portland on Tuesday to spend a week in the city where Mr. Latourell was called on business. Mrs Frank Turner will teach the Blaekhorse school the coming year, con templating going out to the school each day from her home in Heppner. Miss Bristow, nurse in the office of Dr. C. C. Chick is spending a few days in Portland this week, being registered at the Hotel Nortonia. FOR SALE At reasonable price, good residence property in Heppner. For terms, inquire this office. Bt. A daughter arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Chas. N. Jones on last eve ning, August 30. For Sale New, modern bungalow, good location. Mrs. Tom Johnson, Hepp ner. 2t. GD0D YIELD DEPENDS ON GOOD FALL STAND Three Ways of Insuring a Better Stand r Wheat Noted by Coanty Ageat C. C Calkins ia Giving Pointers to Mor row County Growers. Henry Howell told the forty farmers that went over to Sherman county from here that he had seen some mighty big yields from thick stands but that he had yet to see a big yield from a thin stand. In other words a good stand is of first importance. Not only is it important from the standpoint of yield but you get your weedy wheat from your thin stands. Every man knows that be wants a good stand but the question is how to get it. Frequently the fall showers art most too light until late in the season and the question as to the time of sea son is in doubt. We believe that three rules might be observed profitably and which may result in getting greatly in creased stands. They art as follows: 1. Avoiding teed injury, due to seed treatment. 2. Seeding early. 3. Seed at a uniform depth. Judging from the use of copper car bonate for the control of smut during the past year indications are that it will be largely adopted and if so the question of killing by seed treatment will be en tirely eliminated. . For those who nse the dry treatment the early seeding will be comparatively safe because you will be able to place your dry seed which is strong and vital in the dry bed if necessary with very lit tle danger of molding and killing of tha seed therefore your early seeding will be much in favor. Experiments at tha Moro experiment station seem to indicate tha dates between September 15th and Oc tober 15th as the most favorable for winter wheats and gives the greater yield. That was true in spite of the fact that the wheat was treated with formal dehyde and bluestone. A farmer who ha from two to three weeks of seeding and who waits nntil the middle of October for a favorable rain will find that his seeding is not finished until sometime in November. While tha man who begins seeding the latter part of September will probably have this job dona before th first rain come and it is all ready to start at once. There may be some chance in early seeding but notice the fact that did your early seeding fail to com yon could seed later in the falL If your lata seeding fails to come you hardly know until spring whether to re-seed or not and then your crop will be spring wheat. The early seeding haa shown up. mighty favorably in practically every Instance last year even where treated with bine stone and formaldehyde. The problem of getting the grain in at uniform depth is a real one. It has been solved by very few. Her is a suggestion which has been used very successfully in this county and any man using a Hoe drill can make sure of put ting his grain in at a uniform depth by spending a couple of dollars and three quarters of a day's work on the drill be fore seeding. Take a 2 inch piece of strap iron, cut it up in lengths of about a foot and a half long, bend it in an shape, make one end of the shaped iron fit the back of the hoe up and down by slightly rounding it on the point of an anvil. Drill a bole through th strap iron and through the back of th hoc to receive a stove bolt. This strap iron ia placed on the back of the bo in such a way that it permits it to run i n th ground a couple of inches but th weight of the hoe will be bearing down upon the strap iron which will follow in th track which the hoe makes . Art Erwin followed out this scheme in seeding last year and he states that he never had a more uniform stand. Wheat seeded early can be seeded to a great depth and with comparative safety. For later seeding or if moisture and weather condition are unfavorable some of the wheat which was placed in too deep probably will never emerge. We firmly believe that by getting away from the injury to the seed by seed treatment, seeding early and at a uni form depth that the fall wheat yield in Morrow county can be increased from 10 to 20 per cent on an average. Easier to Complete Call Than Report 'Line Busy' When you read a criticism of tele phone operators because they make a "Busy Line" report, does it occur to you that every sensitive telephone girl who reads it is hurt? They are only doing their duty when reporting line is busy. This phrase means that the "line," not the telephone, you called is busy. There may be two, three or four telephones on the line. With one in use. the othera cannot be called. The "line" is busy. Less labor is involved for the operator to complete a connection on the first call, when she can, than to report "Lin is Busy" and be called again. No operator would ever make such a report if it could be helped. It lightens her burden to complete your call at once. She knows you will call again if she gives you a "busy" report. Walter Hill was up from Lexington last evening to attend a meetnig of the Republican county central committee and to meet the state chairman Walter L. Tooie, Jr. and secretary C. L. Ingalls. Robert Carsner, the Wheeler county stockman, was a Heppner visitor Wed nesday, having returned from Portland, where he went with a shipment of cattle on Sunday. Albert Adkins and family returned on Wednesday from their vacation which was spent at Gresham and vicinity. FOR S.LE-4-burner New Perfection oil stove, with oven. Good as new. In quire this office. Ulilk cows for saw Price reasonable. Harvie Young, Heppner. FOR SALE L'sed Ford car In good re pair. JtiQujr- L'o'versal Garage.