A BOY CHAMPION FOR 1922 Poem by MOST THINOt YOU Start at thc bottom AND WOK. UP BUT : -c fnck lohn L. MONTERESTELLI Marble and Granite Works PENDLETON, OREGON Fine Monument and Cemetery Work All parties interested in getting work in my line should get my prices and estimates before placing their orders All Work Guaranteed One Saraztn, of Pittsburgh, P not yet 21 year old, s the new open golf champion of the United State. Foar years go he was I caddy. He played 72 holes in 2S3 strokes to win his laurels in the national tourney at Glencoe, III. The Byers Chop Mill (Formerly CHEMPP9 MILL) STEAM EOLLED BARLEY AND WHEAT After the '20th of September will handle Gasoline, Coal Oil and Lubricating Oil You Will Find Prompt and Satisfactory Service Here Pioneer Employment Co. With Two Big Offices PENDLETON AND PORTLAND Is prepared to handle the business of Eastern Oregon better than ever before Our Specialties Farms, Mills, Camps, Hotels, Garages, Etc. WIBB RISH ORDERS AT OUR EXPEHSB Community Service National Marine League Head Points Out Import ance of Co-operation. TRANSPORTATION IS FARMERS' PROBLEM Pertlaas Otaee U H. iro4 it. Ptadlctra OMcm 11 m, Wckk . The Only Employment Office in Eastern Oregon with Connections in Portland iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiuiiH I A. M. EDWARDS WELL DRILLER I Lexington, Ore. 1 Box 14 Uses up-to-date traction drilling outfit, equipped for all sizes of hole and depths. 1 WRITE FOR CONTRACT AND TERMS fin iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiininiiiii 5 OU Have been walking in the sunny fields of prosperity. Life seems secure. Youth and strength are careless and forgetful. You have spent money as you have earned it. Suddenly a flood of hard luck t comes rolling toward you. Will you be overwhelmed by it A BANK ACCOUNT IS A SAFETY ISLE. START ONE TODAY! Dollars deposited in this bank draw interest at 4 per cent They are safe dol lars buiy dollars. A small bank account serves as an Incentive to save, Bare, Sara If you have only a small sum put aside, deposit it with us today. All large fortunes had small begin nings. The biographies of all rich men start with their first bank account. YOUR BANK CAN HELP YOU FARMERS & STOCKGROWERS NATIONAL BANK Heppner Oregon Shipping Interests Need the Votes of Agricultur ists to Win Battle. By P. H. W. ROSS. Editor's Note. P. H. W. Ross is the nresident of the National Marine League As chief of that body his interests have led him to an exhaustive investigation of every phase of American industrial life and the results of that investigation have further led him to the fixed belief that the prosperity of America in the fu ture must rest largely witn tne degree of co-operation that will exist between all forms of production in their Boost ing of "American Ships for American Goods." a slogan that means more than it says for it is only by active ship build ing, he thinks, that there will be shins under any flag to give the required means of transportation to our ever-in creasing exportation!. First The interests of the farmers are bound up with those of the manu facturer to a greater extent than is gen erally understood. In fact, they are in the same boat and must sink or swim together. Whenever a carload of ma chinery or a crate of shoes is marketed abroad, the farmers' product has been marketed with it For instance: The greatest obstacle to prosperity for a farmer is the cost of the transportation of his products. The more that costs the less he gets. It may be stated broadly that it hardly ever pays a farmer to market this pro duct in its raw condition. I used to raise hay in the State of Washington. The cost of transportation was so great that we could not anora to bale the hay and ship it by railroad to market, except in the case of extra ian cy timothy, and even then it had to be double compressed for the special Alas ka trade; consequently we had to em ploy the services of a manufacturer, and the first to handle was the cow. We fed our hay to the cow who manufactured it into milk which, after being shaken up a bit, turned into butter, and then we did come out ahead, because the freight on butter in proportion to its value was much less than the freight on grain, hay or the average mixed grades of timothy and alfalfa. We next found that the man was a much more profitable manufacturer for us even than the cow, and so we fed the man with out products and he in turn produced many things much more valu able than butter, and thus we found that the most profitable investment for the armer was the industrial capacity 01 the intelligent working man. Interests Are Joined. I have gone into these extremely sim ple details to show how the sale of every nound of manufactured product of any description is really the ultimate sale of some farm product, ana just as n was absolutely imperative to our interests that our manufacturing allies, the cow, the sheep, the ox, the pig and the hen should be kept in first class condition, kept calm, productive and contented, so in the larger fields of feeding humanity we speedily found that the welfare of the manufacturing communities waa ex actly identical with our own. In other words the existence of a pros perous, farm-product-consuming indus trial population resident as close as pos sible to our farming regions, was the most valuable asset that we could possi bly have. We then discovered that unless the in dustrial workers could market their product, our prosperity would vanish be cause then we were forced to pay trans portation charges for long distances on larger proportion of our agricultural output and consequently received small er net returns, than if we could dispose of our product to nearby consumers. This was especially the case with re gard to the largest and most productive farming region in the world, to-wit: The eight states of Ohio, Indiana, Ill inois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minne sota and Missouri, all of which are far thest away from tidewater and world markets, than in other considerable far- mine area in the United States. Fortunately these eight states also constituted the greatest industrial re gion in the world, and so we were all r eht so lone as we could sen the great er part of our farm produce to the in dustrial population resident within those eight states. But as soon as the industrial products of those eight states were not freely marketed, we found that BRIDE TO GOULD Datato Girl Now Mistress of Famous Fortune our own local market was restricted and that we were forced to pay transporta tion charges on our own agricultural products for vast distances, and that our profits were all eaten up Dy tne cnargea. And thus it came about that from purely selfish reasons, if no other, a slackening up of the sale of structural steel hurt us just as badly as a slump in the sale of butter did in former years. Should Be Interested. I want to emphasize the fact that the farmers of America are directly, and I hope, intelligently interested in the mar keting' of every form and variety of Am erican manufactured products, realising that after all it is only another phase of the sale of agricultural products. The farmers of America also appre ciate the fact that, now we are a cred itor nation, we are compelled to sell our manufactured products more than ever before in foreign markets. We also un derstand that since we cannot reach any foreign country excepting Canada and Mexico by land transportation, it is ab solutely necessary to employ American ships. Hence is follows that our interest in the shipping question is no longer va guely sympathetic or a matter of pa triotism or of argument, but that it is a question of life or death to American business prosperity. The maintenance of the American home and fireside is dependent upon reg ularity of employment, which cannot be maintained unless there is regularity of sale of American products, whether ag ricultural or manufactured. These are the reasons why the manufacturing and shipping interests of America can de pend upon the voting strength and sup port of the farming interests of the country, and this interest and support will be greater in exact proportion to the distance of agricultural regions from tidewater, becauso it is the cost of transportation of farm products from the farm to the consumer and the ability of the nearby consumer to purchase the farm products that settles the whole question as to whether it is worth while to be a farmer or not. "THE UNEMPLOYED." Each day abounds in mystery to tax the thoughtful mind, and add its bit of history to the lore of human kind. . . . Each problem up for solving demands a potent skill, and keeps the wheels re volving in life's perpetual mill. . . . To me the unsolved question is ever as before; dumbfounds with its inges tion bewilders more and more. ... I grope amid its fastness, and tremble at its frown. ... I marvel at its vastness no soul can put it down! The question I refer to, is of the "un employed." . . . The ones a job is dear "STl rnnrcTDV CdD ninDTU vn irunuini runuunin J. t,.-' M MSI IS II NECESSITY of to but seldom is enjoyed. . . .They ery aloud to Vulcan, and Agricola's King they crave to strike a welkin which never seems to ring! My soul is wrapped in wonder. It is, so help me Mikel 1 have to work like thunder I aint got time to atrikel The ardent prayer for leisure is ever on my mind. ... I'd pour out all my treasure, for a job I couldn t find. Mrs. Alice Sinclaire, former musical comedy actress, who was born and rais ed in the Dakotas, is now Mrs. George J. Gould, New York banker and railroad man. They were married secretly In May and are now touring Europe. The first Mrs. Gould died last November. Col. W. B. Greely, chief forester the forest service, is spending a few days in the Northwest, having completed inspection tour of the western na tional forest districts beginning in May. He will deliver several addresses while in Portland at various meetings of lum bermen of the northwest. Col Greeley while In Portland gave out the following statement: "The sawmills of the country are mov nig over the plains to the Pacific coast pretty rapidly. The last summer census made by thc forest service shows that the lumber cut has dropped off in all eastern states and increased in all the western states. The big southern pine country, which has hitherto been a great competitor of the northwest, is dropping off as a lumber producer and in the meantime shipments htrough the Pan ama canal from the Columbia river, Pu get Sound and Grays Harbor ports are increasing very rapidly. Shipment of lumber through the canal in 1921 ex ceeded 190 million feet and charters al ready held for 1922 exceed 500 million feet, indicating that the west coast tim ber is very rapidly becoming an import ant factor in the eastern lumber market. The lumber census referred to above, put Oregon second, with Washington first, as s lumber manufacturing center; Oregon has nosed out Louisiana, which for a long time held second place. This is indicative of just what has taken place sawmills are moving from the South to the West. This industry means more in the long run to Oregon than any other state, as it has larger forest resources than any other in the coun try. Oregon and Washington are going to witness within the next ten years or so a tremendous increase in lumber pro duction to supply the lumber markets of the Eastern and Central states where the local supply of timber is rapidly diminishing. I "This will increase heavily the busi ness on the national forests ana put i very heavy demands upon tne forest service to meet the increased cut and carry out the principle of keepnig the cut from each locality within the grow ing power of the forests so aa to keep the industry perpetual. "Over two-thirds of all the timber the country has left is west of the Rocky mountains, either in the western states or Alaska, and the thing we are driving away on is that when forest industry comes out here to keep it just as per manent as possible. Go into every big forest region of the East now-a-days and you don't find very much but cut-over land, more or less barren, a great many abandoned mill towns, a great many abandoned sawdust piles, and a large part of the population gone too, except where there are large areas of agrciul tural lands. We don't want to see that process repeated out here; i wtould be a very unfortunate thing for the western states to just eat up their virgin timber resources and leave nothing in its place. As far as the nation laforests are con cerned, we are going just as far as we can to keep the supply of timber per petual. "And we cannot keep the timber sup ply perpetual unless forest fires are pre vented. The protective organisation of our forests must be increased in order to adequately protect our forests. This year we received pretty good recogni tion from congress considering the ne cessity for economy, but still we are not giving the public resources out here, the national forests, the degree of pro tection htey ought to have; we are mak ing it a little better every year just as fast as we can get the resources to do it with. But the forest service, the states, and the private owners can't pre vent the forest from burning up unless the public, the users of the forests, real izes its responsibility and docs its share by being careful with fire in the woods. "I would like to see permanent pro vision made for airplanes for assistance in protecting the national forests, but only as a suplementary form of protec tion. They cannot take the place in our organization of lookouts and guards on the ground. Airplanes are very valu able, particularly when you have smoke conditions and for fires that cannot be exactly located. Oregon Teacher Picks On Smaller Schools Realizea Opportunity to Do Greater Ser vice With Fewer Numbers. Helps Community Life. UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, Fugene, July 31. A teacher who picks the Hniill est communities she c i get such in anomaly is Miss Margaret V. Thomas, now a student in the University of Ore gon summer session. Miss Thomas never tries for a big school; she selects the smaller places from choice, realizing an opportunity to do a great deal besides simply teach the school subjects. Miss Thomas' outfit includes steropu- con slides and a carbide generator, and an occasional motion-picture film Is shown. "We produce the 'movies in the dark ened schoolhouse," Miss Thomas ex plains, " and a victrola plays between the pictures while we ventilate tne room. They are happy to be allowed to run the victrola or even open the windows." Not only does Miss Thomas take the slides to those people who are far from cities and towns of any size, but after making them interested in doing things a community scale she orgsnizes children and adults into groups and manages basket socials, picnics, plays all with the intention of helping them raise the funds which enable them to bring in slides more often. "They are so responsive," she said. "If you love them and do things for them, they will love you almost to death. And those children are not fed up on city movies; they get a good deal out of the university films. "The people in the small settlements are pioneers; their children are the children of pioneers, and are the finest in the country. They deserve the best the state has to offer." Miss Thomas has used the industrial films most, also the geographic and his torical. Her whole aim is to stimulate community life in the smallest places and to add to the sum total of happiness. She taught last year at lleceta, a lonely spot on the Oregon coast, and next year she will be near Reedsport. HOMEY PHILOSOPHY FOR 1922. Fame is a wonderful thing. Think of the bird that first conceived the notion of starting a fire to keep warm before there was any fire. You know his name, of course. Then there was the boy who eally owns all the gold in the world, the fellow who looked at a mountain, saw there was some stone in it, dug up the stone, saw there was metal in the stone and figured out how to get the metal out of the stone. You remember who he was, too. And the other boy, what's his name the chap that fixed out words that carried meaning, and spoke them to the rest of the gang so they could converse? Everybody knows who he was. There's no use talkin'. Its very important to get your name in the paper an' get a reputation. II THERE'S T"1 I ) t, MOW WE'LL nnmr hen cackung go get the HDjU L .I 6BAN0MA. J I EGOS -"J I NX I COH GRANDMA p fjs O rl MOW WE'LL GO 'O? ' I GET THE AMLK I 9, P HUNDRED MILLION DOLLAR BABY 4 -& (50.00 REWARD is offered to anyone who finds this horse: A sorrel gelding with a roached mane; white stripes in face; stands well up; weight 1600 to 1600; 9 years old; no brand. Notify C. R. Tyson, Wallula, Wash. It pays to buy good lubricating oils. Valvoline and Havoline oils at Peoples Hardware Company. tf. it. - For Sale Tent, 16x24 and fly. In quire C. Uarbee, O.-W. depot, Heppner. Bobby Goelet, son of Robert Walton Goelct, of New York is first heir to the famous Goelet fortune, which is estima ted at $100,000,000, making him the weal hticst baby in the world. tmchettes Churchless Children There are twenty-five million boys and girls outside of the Sunday School in this country. Every child in America should be in some Sunday School every Sunday morning. Every child should be accompanied to Sun day School by his parents. The mother who doesn't bring her child into the world dedicated to God has committed a crime against the child. The father who doesn't lead his child to the altar of worship, rev erence, and devotion has committed a crime against his child and against society; for he has left out of the child's training the greatest factor. Parents who refuse to bring their children to church, and who refuse to allow their children to unite with the church and become devout Christian workers are stumbling blocks; they are curses to their children. There is but one remedy for the condition in this country, and that is salvation by Jesus Christ. There is but one place in which that salvation can be found, and that is in God's in fallible Word. There is but one in stitution authorized to teach that Word, namely the orthodox Christian church, Every child should be in Sunday School and in the church pew on Sun day morning sitting beside his par ents. Children are never too young to be by lvMA. MATTHEWS D.D. LLD. saved, but if they are neglected and grow to be old in sin and crime. It ened in sin they may become too old to be saved. It is extremely expensive to the government for a child to grow to be old in sin and crmle. It costs millions to save an old man from the error of his way. A child can be saved at the threshold of childhood and thus save his soul and society untold expense. The father who uses his automobile on Sunday to take his child away from the church not only breaks the Ten Commandments, but he is a curse to the child and a menace to this government. The father who spends his Sunday on the golf links is a fraud so far as a religious influence is concerned, and he is a menace to the spiritual development of hia child. It is the business of the father to be in the Sunday School with hia child, and it is the business of the child to be In the church pew by tha side of his father. Why do people neglect to bring their children to Christ and into tha church? Such parents and auch ne glect are bringing untold Borrow and expense and reflection upon thia country. The juvenile courts and tha penal institutions are full of the children who coma from auch homes. Parents, you are either a curse or a blessing to your children. If you neglect your Sunday duty you are a curse to them. Children ought to be In the Sunday School and church if the nation is to be saved.