Heppner herald. (Heppner, Or.) 1914-1924, October 02, 1923, Page PAGE THREE, Image 3

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    Tuesday, October 2, 1923
K c v 1 t f i i 1 1 ! , ! 1 rl ?
Palace of the Maharajah of Kashmir.
(Prepared by the National Geographic So
ciety, "Washington, D. C.)
The Vule of Kashmir has become so
famous as a name suggesting superb
scenic beauty and delightful atmos
phere that it is known to all the
world as an epithet. But few of the
world's densely populuted beauty
spots have been so effectually isolated
by nature's barriers; and not nearly
so many Westerners have taken the
somewhat strenuous journey into "the
Happy Valley," India's ideal summer
resort, as have traveled to the sum
mer capital of India, Simla, which may
be reached after the approved west
ern fashion by rail.
Kashmir, unlike most of the other
Indian summer stations, is not on the
southern slope of the Himalayas. It
Is actually among those towering
mountains, and behind a portion of
them. In back of the harrier range,
passage of which, because of peculiar
geological conditions, is unusually dif
ficult, the great mountain masses
opened up, so to speak, to form the
celebrated Vale. This is a great level
valley, its floor a mile above the sea,
84 miles long and 2 broad, with fer
tile soil, abundant water, most of the
products of the temperate zone In pro
fusion, the whole surrounded by a
majestic wall of towering, snow
mantled mountains.
To the visitor the Vale can hardly
fall to bring thoughts of the legendary
valleys of the "Arabian Nights" into
which one could go only by the wings
o fa roc. Not many decades ago the
Vale was almost us safe from casual
intrusion, and even now that British
engineering skill has been brought
Into play In road construction, the 200
nille journey from the nearest railroad
Btatlon at Rowalplndi, ver the outer
Himalayas, is far from being an easy
jaunt. The geologic energies of the
present seem in league with the mountain-building
forces of the past to pre
serve something of the Huppy Val
ley's seclusion. The road is con
structed over much of its extent
through a loose conglomerate forma
tion, and hardVv a rain occurs which
does not cause lsoluted bowlders or
great masses of stone and earth to
fall to the highway. The toll of life
on this evanescent road is steady, and
squads of laborers must ever be kept
busy opening the way afresh. The
road, superseding the old trails, was
the fruit of British nervousness at the
steady southward advance of Russia a
generation ago. By 1SSS the Russians
had pushed through Turkestan and
the I'amir to the northern border of
Kashmir, and the British felt the need
of a highway over which their troops
could mi 'Vi? for the defense of this
Kashmir boundary. In the face of
most serious diliiculth'S the road was
pushed forward in two years.
Srinagar an Oriental Venice.
It is a distinct surprise to the vis
itor to discover in this valley far in
land, a mile high, and in the heart
of the mountains, a city that is a
Venice of the East. Such Is Srinagar,
capital of Kashmir and the greatest
city of the valley and the state. The
Jlielum river, fed by Icy springs from
the Himalayas, winds through the
Vale spreading out in several places
to form beautiful lakes. The "main
street" of Srinagar is the river and
facing It is the palace of the maharaja,
government buildings, and tire dwell
ings of the prosperous and humble
townsfolk as well. Some 15,000 peo
ple live In boats on the river and the
numerous canals that Intersect It, and
most of the traffic Is carried on by
If one is to spend some time in
Srinagar he rents not a house, but a
house-boat. Such a dwelling comes
"equipped" with the necessary oars
men. One completes his menage by
renting a kitchen boat manned by
cooks. Thus provided for, the visitor
may live a lazy enjoyable life, moving
his' abode from one beautiful setting
to another, with his breakfast,
lunch or dinner in the making, trailing
along behind.
rnf'TTur.-ti'ly the beauty "f their
surroundings not seem to l.;.v
inspired t lie Kashmiri tu ntt-t-.j ' to
protect that quality and elt-.in::ni- in
tltf3is.-lv.-M. Mar.v of the j ;-ie are
as dirty and ill-kempt as tho.-e in the
ugliest slun.s of the East. In f:i'-t
Srinugar. away irom us uisn
wav. is all too slumlike Itself "ith
narrow, dirty, odorous streets hemmed
In by houses devoid of sanitary facil
ities.' And as in all Eastern cities,
there are swarms of beggars.
Kashmir's beauties do seem to have
inspired art and trades that are es
thetic. The most famous of Its artis
tic products were the superfine cash
mere shawls that were the last word
in clothing accessories to the smartly
dressed women of the West two gen
erations or more ago.
Back In the reign of Napoleon Bona
parte, when that temporarily devoted
husband was looking for rare gifts to
please the fancy of his charming and
gracious wife, he bought one of the
most beautiful of the shawls for her,
and from that time on the Kashmir
shawls ran a long and brilliant course
at the court of fickle fashion and
Srinagar developed an industry which
kept the shuttle flying through 10,0(10
looms in the state.
Beautiful Shawl Patterns.
About the same time American
whalers and snlling vessels that were
plowing the Pacific, exploring, naming
and renaming islands in the South
seas, made their way into the ports of
India in order that the women wait
ing at home for the welcome sign of
a sail might add to their collections of
treasure one of those prized light
wraps which have become renowned
for the glowing harmony, depth and
enduring qualities of Its brilliant
One of the most beautiful of the
elaborate designs was the "cone" pat
tern ; another general favorite being
the "ring" shawl, which, though not
at all transparent, is so soft that it
can easily be drawn through a finger
ring. Fortunate indeed was the wom
an who happened to possess one laden
with the delicate embroidery which
made them so handsome and so costly!
The production of shawls in Kash
mir, however, lias fallen off within
the last 2b or 30 years and Is almost
non-existent today. The Franco-Prussian
war sealed their doom, and the
famine in India during 1877-79 played
havoc among the weavers. R is said
that If it were not for the fact that
according to the treaty between the
state of Kashmir and the British gov
ernment six pairs of shawls of line
quality must be paid yearly, probably
even the knowledge of the art Itself
would die out among, the natives,
though it has been practiced since the
days of Emperor Buber, the first of
the Great Moguls, who ruled India In
the early part of the Sixteenth cen
tury. In those days and for centuries
afterward the beautiful shawl woven
and embroidered by the Kashmiri
maiden was the chief object In the
dowry she brought her husband.
The queer part of the story is that
these exotic things are not made of
wool of slioop, nor do all the animals
live in Kashmir. In our every-day
pai'Innce. the word cashmere is incor
rectly applied to materia! made from
th- finest ':nul" of ehe wool of merino
sleep raised In Spain, but. the real
product is made .Tom the soft, very
line and short uiidorwool of the shawl
goat which In os for the most part in
the mountainous regions of Tibet.
There are several varieties of this so
called wool, but on the finest of it the
maharaja of Kashmir has a monopoly.
Transportation a Drawback.
In addition to shawl-weaving the
Kashmiri have long been famous for
gold and other metal work, embroid
ery, and for the production of that
most concentrated and costly of per
fumes, attar, from the roses that grow
In such profusion In this fortunate
Since artistic products are usually
of great value In small bulk, no doubt
the economics of Kashmir's transpor
tation problem have helped to turn
the energies of the country into such
manufactures. In the slow-moving
bullock carts the trip of freight into
or out of Kashmir to the nearest rail
road requires close to IS days, while
even the carrying of the mall In faster
conveyances usually requires three
days. The ditliotilties and slowness of
transportation adds perhaps ?U a ton
to the cost of the products moved.
But for this transportation problem
Kohl. Mr r;,ight supply ail India with
f: slits of the temperate zone,
.-.ice t.' -re is no reasonable outlet for
:'riit Mid v-g.-i!'!e, and since only
,i Hai:-.-'! number of tourists ent.-rs
Ka-'miir. living there Is surprisingly
cheap. I.ai'or. t'. Is cheap; and the
absence of mi'torboats In this aquatic
paradise Is ascribed by economists to
the fact that the labor of five oars
men for a day is less costiy than one
gallon of the meager supply of gaso
line that finds its way into the country.
Discovered in 1524 by Verrazano, and
in the Public Eyt Ever Since
That Time.
Coney Island, New York's lively and
picturesque playground, has a history
as lively and picturesque as itself. It
has been in the public eye ever since
1524, when, according to some authori
ties, it was discovered by Verrazano.
Although Coney is long and thin now,
stretching about six miles from east
to west, according to old maps it was
short and fat when Henry Hudson,
first sailed past it.
The early history of Coney island is
as full of romance as that which she
is making at present. The Hollanders
in Kings county named it Cony en
Eylandt, which is Dutch for Rabbits
island, and used it for a pasturage
for cattle, remarks the New York Sun
and Globe.
When, in 1642, the English Graves-
enders arrived they were met by An
tony Jansen Von Salee, nicknamed
"The Turk," who claimed the island.
Jansen, although originally a Dutch
man, had long lived in Barbary, and
acted and dressed like the traditional
Turk. He had been a resident of New
Amsterdam, but got in "Dutch" with
the authorities by threatening Dominie
Bogardus for dunning him for church
The trouble started when Bogardus'
wife, Annike, snubbed Mrs. Jansen,
who, piqued, gave vent to the gossip
about the dominie's wife lifting her
skirts too high while stepping over a
mud puddle. The dominie retorted by
dunning for dues. Junsen's reply was
a threat of personal violence, anu he
was bound over by the authorities not
to carry anything more deadly than
an ax within the limits of New Am
sterdam. Jansen moved to a farm in New
Utrecht, where lie found more free
dom, and when the Grave-senders ob
tained their patent his farm was part
of the western boundary. He defend
ed his claim vigorously, claiming the
overlordship of Coney island, until the
Gravesenders' right to it was established.
Smallest Seaplane Ever Constructed
Is Designed for Use on Subma
rines of American Navy.
The smallest seaplane ever con
structed, intended for use on nnvnl
submarines, was tested by experts at
tne. naval air station at Anacostia the
other day. All submarines are to be
equipped with this "humming bird of
the air," as the bureau of nnval aero
mtutics describes the novel craft.
In effect the new seaplane will be
an enormous aid to the submarine, as
it will give it a periscope thousands
of feet in the air. It can be stowed
In parts in the small space available
in a few minutes. It measures eigh
teen feet over all and weighs scarcely
one thousand pounds and bus a three
cylinder, sixty-horsepower engine.
Some of the planes already have
been delivered to the naval air station
at Hampton Roads and it is expected
they soon will be in service.
The Train Talkers.
"My wife's played out sitting around
in the heat. Guess I'll have to ship
her oft' to the mountains after all."
"Mine, too. She says she's all In."
"And yet?"
"Just look at that pretty girl over
there. Stenographer, I'll bet."
"Yes. I happen to know her."
"Now she looks as fresh as a daisy.
Instead of lying around in a cool, com
fortable home all day she has to work
in a hot otlice from 9 to f."
"No time to be hot, I suppose."
"Must be It" Boston Transcript.
The steady tendency in our clvlll
zaJion is to get the same results with
fewer employed. This constantly re
leases man power for the operation
of new industries and expansion of
old ones that is, a gradual increase
in our average standard of living.
Government issues figures showing
that American farms in 1920 hail
1,705,000 fewer workers than in 1910.
In the same ten years the auto In
dustry, mo'ies and railroads added
nearly a million employees to their
pay rolls.
It Hurt.
A stone carver was op. the willies'!,
stand describing the way in which he
Had been assaulted by the defendant :
"He walked right into my yard and
slammed me up against one of my
tombstones," the witness said.
"Did he hurt you," inquired the court.
"Hurt mi'l" roared the witness,
"why, I've got 'Sacred to the Mem
ory of stamped all down my back."
Philadelphia Ledger.
RAGS WANTED C lean cotton
rags wanted at Herald office. Knit
underwear, e(c, not acceptable. 22-tf
Advertise it in the Herald.
Charter number 3774 Reserve District No. 12
at Heppner in the State of Oregon, at the close of business on
September 14th, 1923
Loans and discounts, including- rediscounts, ac
ceptances of other banks, and foreign hilts
of exchance or drafts sold with indorse
ment of this bank (except those shown in
b and c) $(!07,707.32
Total loans J 007.707 D2
Overdrafts, unsecured I' 1,(103.41 1,(103.43
V. 8. Government Securities Owned:
iieposited to secure circulation U. S. -bonds
par value I 2T,, (100.00
All other United States Covernment securities
(including premiums, if anv) 28 4f0 00
Total 6Mf'0.nO
Other ponds, stocks, securities, etc.: 39,105.1)1
Banking House.$:6, 000. (ill, irnil ure and fixtures
$".ro(Mi0 31, .100.0(1
Heal estate owned other than banking bouse 4N.4M.lll
I-awful reserve with Federal Reserve Hank 4 0,5K S. fB
(ash in vault and amount due from national
'bunks 4!I,2!I7.3
Amount due from State banks, bunkers, and trufct
companies in the fret'-d States (other than
iueiuded in last two ilemsl 24,4-0.34
Checks en other hanks in ihe s.-i uic cit y or town
as reporting bunk 140.10
Total of last three items 73r,R.12
Cheeks and drafts on banks i n-eluding Kedi-rl
It.serve Itiuik) Ineatid outside of city or
town of i-t i ii i !-l il:Lr bank V,
Mis'-cllaoc'iiis i-asli it 71)". 07 1 ,5C ft!
Keden.'.t i'-tt fund tfi'h ' S Ti'i.nin-r mi'l .
from I'. Tr. tiMin-r '-'I ""
TOT.M, ' 899,204.45
Capital sti.'i; paid in nti. mi'- ''it
S 't-l'ti's- t';!iwl t.n. '-tilt. Oti
1-T..li,i0i .1 M-n- its S 17. "0 "I
K.m-im-: for loll rest ,,m la-i.-s ,-o- : led : . I
H-,71-7 tli
I.i-s ..snent ; il, l K -l , al;-l : :if s pa id . . . H,12.S 13.577 !
('ir-iiat I!-.' nnt'-s o-i t a .,! , i, :- l:;:,7-0 i-ti
Amount due In oatioiml bat. lis t I ..M
Aaa.Mit due In Sta-i- l-.-itins, hankers, and trust
rniupahO-H in Ihe I'riiti-d Mate- and fuii-ia
enantries intherthan iii'-lndi-d in last item) 1u,.'ii7 tr,
Certified ehe-ks outstanding 40. 10
Cfshier's cheeks outstanding 17, '.- :;:
Total of last four items 2 7,4 r,0. 1 2
Demand deposits (other than bank deposits) sub.
Ject to Reserve (deposits payable within 30
dayst :
Individual deposits subject to check 3SO,f,12.0f.
Certificates of deposit die in less than 3D days
(other than; for money borrowed t 20,000.00
.State, county, or other munie.j.a! ,oKitH secured
ty pledge of asset of this bank or surety
bond 30, 4(10.01',
Other demand deposits 6,740.64
Total of demand deposits (other than
bank deposits subjfwt to Iteserve, lau
two Items 44ff.fi32.7S
Time deposits subject to reserrei payable aft- r 30
dayH, or pubiect to 30 days or more nota e,
and postal savings):
Certificates of dopoit (other than for money bor
rowed) 94, 406. 33
State, county, or other municipal deposits sec ured
by pledge of a.sets of this bank or surety
ond 30,071.47
Other time deposits . . . ." i )01,0S7.1i;
Total of time dejiosits subject to '.eserve,
Ur three items 225,(134 ttfl
Notes and bills redis' minted. Including a ' ept-
ii "f other banks and foreign bii.s of
ewliange or drafts n id w.'h indnrn-raen;
of tnis nan . ;.,. . ,
Letters or Credi' ai d T-avcb r--' ( hn-ks sold for
lash an-l ouiHt.anu.ng (:, '.a
State of Oregon, County of Morrow, sf :
I. V. Ii. .Moor". Oa.i.i-r of tin, above-named batik, do sol.tnnly
swear that the above nbK-iuHil is tiu to the be, i of my knowledge
and belief.
W. ;. MOOKE, Csshier
Correct Attest:
. .. , , Diroctorii.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 26th day of September, 3 523.
My commission expires August 38, 1925.
At Grade Crossings
He Who Hesitates Is Safe
Seif-proKorvation would seem to be nature
s las-t law.
For ln the last five years. 3.101 persons (almost twice tor
number killed at the liattle of Uottvshure) have saerilit-.d
their lives at highway grade crossings j the United States
through failure to Mop, look and listen.
Train operation is safe because railway employes nre care
fully trained. Except in a few states, automobile drivers are
turned loose without even an examination.
Trains and street cars stop before- crossing another railroad
v.-here there is no interlocking device. If it be necessary for
them, bow much more necessary for the auto driver' " For
most automobiles carry loved ones and friends of the driver.
Yf t, eight out of ten automobile drivers race across railroad
tracks without stopping and looking in either direction Many
motorists disregard the watchman's stop signal. Dunning
through and breaking crossing gates is a common occurrence
One-hfth of all train accidents involving automobiles are
caused by the automobile running into the side of tlye train.
The railroads maintain warning signs and require engine
men to whistle and ring (he bell for every crossing, lligbw-ivs
ure being relocated to eliminate crossings. But railroads 'are
powerless to prevent injury to occupants of automobiles who
tail to exercise care for their own safety.
It has been suggested that all grade crossings be removed
..here are 250,1100 in the United States and nt $50,000 each
it would cost $1 2, 500, 000, 000 -and take at least thirty yen,
to remove them. This excuse is about two-thirds of the
value of all the railroads of the country, as tentatively round
by the Interstate Commerce Commission, and neither the rail
roads nor the municipalities bave the money. The "Ktop
Look and Listen" rule can be followed- now without cost. It
takes a train but a few seconds to pass over a crossing Sureh
no one would sacrifice his life and his loved ones to save a
few seconds!
Lives of rail passengers are imperiled by grade crossing
accidents. Recently several trains on eastern roads have been
derailed by striking motor vehicles, and enginemen and pas
sengers have been killed.
(irnilo crossing accidents would nlmolul.ily cease If ovn-y
nutoinobile, driver would slop, look mot lis(cn nt every uiale
Won't you do it?
Omaha, Nebraska,
October 1, 1923.
Ice Cream Season
Place advance orders for Brick
Ice Cream for Sunday ' '
McAtee & Aiken
iJ ,
j-' M . i Q Q O Q iU Q Q UOQ ':-t Q 0 ii ii 0 i:l 0 i
) v.;
Ifef AS
1 ..-1
if 1
Do Y -u wonder why the mer
chant across the street gets all
the business while you get none?
We can make your ad as attractive as
this one with effective cuts and copy
Our contract with the Bonnet-Brown Sale
Service brings you the opportunity of put
ting your advertining on the highest plane
of attractiveness and efficiency.
Have us call and show you
cuts and ads for your
line of business" V