S. E. N0T30N Volume 7. $1 IN TO FORM IL MEKTIXfi AT DALLAS ADOPTS STROXU RESOLUTIONS Members of Farmers' Vnion Will Cooperate in Marketing Products . At the convention of the Farmers' Union o Oregon and Southern Ida ho held at Dallas last week it was unanimously agreed that the presi dent of this union take steps immed iately to prepare a binding contract ,'.'or the individua lgrain grower to f f ii m: m r ill Willi me lll-iatilLB ifiumiai lyui The following resolutions were ad opted at the Dallas meting: We, j'our committee on marketing, beg leave to report as follows: 1st Board of Trade: yre believe that speculative trading on the ex changes abrogates the normal rela tionship between supply and demand, and ask for legislation prohibiting sales for future delivery, unless the vendor is in actual possession of the commodities sold; and we further en dorse the Capper bill now pending in the United States senate and in struct our secretary to notify Senator Capper, Senator-elect Ladd and our senators from Oregon of our action. 2d We believe that all farm prod ucta should be sold cooperatively, thereby enabling the grower or his representative to have a voice in fix ing the price thereof. 3d We believe that all marketing organizations that have shown pro ficiency should be supported and used as far as possible. We believe ihat the Tri-State Terminal Co. is the most practical cooperative grain mar ketinc ore.in izatinn in the conntrv. and we believe the individual grain grower ";ot in a position to proper ly market his crop by reason of biT isolation and lack of sufficient' in- lermation. Therefore, we recommend that the president of this Union and hie board and ruch assistane as he may request shall at once prepare a binding con tract for the individual grain grower, to sign with the Trl-State Terminal Co., and if the president shall find that this cannot be legally done, then the president and his assistants shall at once prepare a contract whereby the grain growers shall form a-pool of their grain for a term of years, with the Tri-State Terminal Co. as their selling agent. Inasmuch as transportation is so expensive, we recommend that all raw products be manufactured into finished products as nearly as possi ble, especially wheat. WALTER M. PIERCE, W. W. HARRAH. 1 . Dr. C. J. WHITAKER, y- vuimiiiiiee CHARGED WITH DEFRAUDING ROARDIXCi HOUSE Deputy Sheriff Harry Selby re turned from Pendleton Friday even ing bringing with him one Buck Chayme, who is now in the county jail charged with defrauding Mrs. Hein, who conducts a boarding house at Boardman. Chayme had stopped at Mrs. Hein's place for several days, and, so the lady avers, one day borrowed $5.00 from her to make a short business trip io Hermiston. After he left, so it is said, Mrs. Hein missed a couple of valuable rings and a fountain pen, kjand as he did not return at the time he faiu he would sue oecame suspict ,ous, and securing an officer, started on his trail. Going to Hermiston they found the man had not slopped there, and upon arriving at Pendle ton Mrs. Hein discovered Chayme at the depot In the act of buying a tick et to Walla Walla. She called an of ficer and had him placed under ar rest, and later placed a charge of de frauding a boarding house keeper against him. The fountain was found in his pocket, but the rings were not found. Dell Alstott met with a painful ac- cident o few days ago while feeding ! Goodman, M. L. Case, W. H. Cronk. an alfalfa cutter. A strong wind was i blowing and a stalk of alfalfa was I Local ?Hts are planning a big time driven into Mr. Alstotts right ear ! when the new Elks' temple is dedl with sufficient force to puncture the cated. Arrangements may be made ear drum. He 19 recovering from the to bring Carry Houseman and his injury and it la believed his hearing company of entertainers from Port wi!l not be permanently Impaired. land for the occasion. CLUB ISIS BEPOT HOVED 10 HEPPKEB CAllRY MOH.iMET TO MOXUTAIX IS FLAX Band Appropriation Cut Eightmile Rural Route Urged Delegates Appointed A well attended meeting of the Commercial club was held in council chamber last Wednesday evening, when considerable busines-s of impor tance to the welfare of Heppner and Morrow county was transacted. Considerable discussion was had on the question of continuing the ap propriation of $100 a month to. the city band as salary to Prof. James Austin,, band instructor. While all members endorsed the value of a well trained band to the community many members took the view that rmnnc:ai support of the organization should come from the city rather than from the Commercial club. It was pointed out that with the present membership and income of the club an appropria tion of $100 a month to the band would leave but little money for oth er purposes. It was finally decided by a vote of the club to cut the ap- propriation to. $50 a month, and a committee was appointed to confer with the city council in an effort to aid the band in securing further aid, from that source. It appearing that the postoffice at Eightmile has been discontinued, and that the people of the Rhea creek, Eightmile and Dry Fork neighbor hoods are in need of a rural route, a committee composed of L. E. Bisbee, W. H. Cronk and S. E. Notson was appointed to take necessary steps in preparing and circulating petitions asking for the establishment of the proposed route. , One of the most important meas ures for the public weal yet under-, taken by the club, the matter of mov ing the Heppner depot from its pres ent location "down toward Lexing ton," into Heppner, was taken up and pretty thoroughly discussed. Ac cording to local tradition the railroad company expected to build into Hepp ner when the road was first con structed, but that obstacles were thrown in the company's path in the way of excessive right-of-way de mands and the company officiale re fused to be held up. It is said that the real object of the right-of-way owners was to try to make Heppner move down to where the depot now is. The scheme failed and after all these years in which the mountain ha3 steadfastly refused to go to Ma homet, the club has decided to make a mighty effort to have Mahomet go to the mountain. Arguments were made Wednesday evening in support of the contention that the present is an opportune time to urge the claims of the city of Heppner on the attention of the rail road company, and a committee com posed of C. E. Woodson, W. P. Ma honey and Frank Gilliam was ap pointed to take action. The question of sending delegates to the meeting of the State Chamber of Commerce on the 28th and 29th ;of the present month, and to the Ore- gon Irrigation congress on January 7th and Sth brought out a unanimous expression that the club should be represented by strong delegations at both meetings. Upon motion by Hunt It was de cided to send five delegates to the irrigation congress and a delegation of two to the State Chamber meeting. The matter of the need of suitable quarters for club rooms and gymna sium for the boys was brought to the attention of the club by Ted Young, member of the senior class of the high school. Mr. Young pointed out tpat as minors are barred from pool rooms, etc., there Is no place left for them but the streets, and such a con dition is not good for the general moral condition of the city. After discussion a committee was appoint ed to confer with the American Le gion and see what arrangemenrs could be made with that organization. iThe committeemen are: Deau T. Heppner, Oregon, Tuesday, December 14, 1920 Playing Mother and Father to His Baby Brother This Is a common sight In Poland today, eight and ten-yenr-old children mothering and fathering their baby brothers and sisters. Ths photograph, secured bj an American Jewish Relief woier at Brest-Lltovsk, shows mi eight-year-old boy feeding his little brother from a bowl of hot soup Just secured at a feeding station supported through American funds. The relief workers found 10,000 children, mostly war orphans, living In deserted dug-outs at Brest-Lltovsk. It Is to aid such waits as these that the European Relief Council has been formed by merging the relief activities of the American Relief Admin istration, the American Red Cross, the American Friends' Service Committee (Quakers), the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ In America, the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, the Knights of Columbus, the V. M. O. A. tad the Y. W. C. A. PENDLETON JURY SETS FREDERIC RADER FREE 'LEA OK SELF-DEFEXSE WINS FREEDOM FOR RANC HER Long Court Fight Ends in Alleged Murderer Being Found Not Guilty ' Pendleton, Or., Dec. 10. Freder ick Rader, Grant county rancher charged with the murder of E. E. McCue, whom he fatally shot in an al tercation arising In February, 19 IS, at the latter's ranch near John Day, today was acquitted by a circuit court jury here after six hours dellberttion. Rader was convicted before circuit court in Grant county In the spring of 1918, sentenced to seven years in the state penitentiary, fined $7,000 and costs. His case was appealed soon afterward, however, and appeal argued before the state supreme court twice. The supreme court re manded the trial to the circuit court, here and the tase opened under Judge Phelps Monday. Attorneys for Rader brought a strong case against the state, using self-defense as the foundation of their plea. Testimony presented showed that Rader had shot McCue in a quarrel which resulted over a pasture bill McCue owed Rader's father. Witnesses also testified to the fact that McCue was the aggressor in the fatalfight, and that he was much larger in stature than was the defend ant, who fired the six shots which resulted In McCue's death two days later, only after he had taken a beat ing at the hands of McCue. The defense called Frank Hales, only eye-witness of the fight, to tes tify after the state had rested Its case without his testimony. Would Amend Pure Bred Bull I .aw Changes in the Oregon Pure Bred Bull Law will be asked at the coming legislature. The preseD laws do net properly define the term "pure bred Lull" because by the law je same ae not required to oe registered. Hence the act lacks the necessary teeth. Forest Reserve officials and other agencies are asking to have i this law strengthened when it then will be rigidly enforced. Matt Mollahan, of Rhea creek, who has been for some time suffering from gall stones, underwent an ope ration by Dr. McMurdo last Wednes day and yesterday wag reported to be improving rapidly. CITY WATER TEST HIGH ONLY 8 BACTERIA PER CC- -NO TYPHOID GERMS Slight Taste Is Due to the New Wood Says Superintendent Pruyn Heppner folk who have been wor rying about the purity of the water supply brought to the city by the new municipal gravity system should take courage and a big drink of mountain water, and snap their fingers at the dreaded bacteria ' coll, or typhoid germ, for, according to a report just received by Water Superintendent Pruyn from the state board of health showing the result of a recent analy sis of samples of Heppner city water, "there is no such animile" in Hepp ner water. Two samples of the water were submitted to the state board of health by Mr Pruyn, No. 1 being taken from the pipe line after being chlorinated, but before entering the distributing system, and No. 2, which was taken from the distributing system. The report follows: Sample No. 1 Bacteris per CC, 8; Bacteria Coll. (typhoid germs) per CC. 0. ? Sample No. 2 Bacteria per CC, 10; Bacteria coll. per CC, 0. It is understood that water carry ing as much as 100 bacteria per CC is inimical to health and the above analysis shows that Heppner enjoys a pretty pure product in her water supply, while the total absence of typhoid germs should ally all fear on the part of consumers and permit them to enjoy the act of thirst quenching without stint. To a Herald reporter Saturday Mr. Pruyn stated that the slight wood taste detected In the water and of which many people have complained, Is doubtless due to the new redwood pipe through which the water pasi-en, and this view seems to be home out by the fact that on occasions when repairs were being made on the upper line and the water stood In the wood j average Oregon horse working under pipe for two or three ricys the taste j average Oregon farm conditions for was much more noticabie than at any ja 5"'ar; the aggregate cost of this feed other time. i ls "17.35 per year; From this While it is probable that during : should be substracted $33 value of freshets in the creek above the intake the manure, leaving an expense of the water may have to be shut off for i hut. $78.35 for the year's feeding, a day or tw;j and the ptipply pumped i These figures show really how cheap from the weljs, such a condition may , ly a Rood draft horse may be main only be expected to continue for talm-d puder farm conditions; fancy short periods. attempting to compe te with auto mo- Taken all amend Heppner people ( live or tractor power with this bill of nhould be, and no doubt arr, mighty expense. Good draft mares should all i road of their new' water system. OF 1.1 V i: STOCK SANITARY BOARD SF.XDS OCT mi. I.F.TIN Imports of Foreign Wools Declines Improved CaUle Market Expected Demand lor Horses Grows The State Live Stock Sanitary Board, of whith body W. B. Barratt, of Heppner, is vice president, sends out the following interesting resume of the present: live stock situation in Oregon and t;he future outlook for this iniportan I industry: The live st ck industry is passing through the long looked for read justment period that everyone at all familiar with the industry knew must take place before the busines would get back on a, firm foundation. The surprising thi ng has been that things are as good as they are. No great amount of fonred liquidation, has tak en place. The Presidential election, which always brings about, business stagnation, has passed and soon a new Congress and a new President will be, asked t:o pass what appears to be much needed legislation for the industry. Already it is reported that there is a letting up in the buying of certain foreign wools for import, (he would-be purchaser fearing that he may get caugh.t with his import prod uct in the protection barbs of the new tariff fence that this special ses sion of congress may establish. Feed is plentiful and must remain cheap. In order to market the enormous hay chop of nearly every section of Ore gon, much winter feeding must be resorted to, and a brisK home mar ket for much Df our feeding stuff ought to be in evidence. The desert section of Oregon, which has formerly bem used as a winter range for many of our interior shep herds, but which owing to the high price of sheep during the war period was not used beenmse of certain win ter hazards, is now being thrown In to use for the cheap carrying over of many of our range flocks. The early, fall rains have insured a rank growth of all desert grasses, and a spring lamb crop far above the average ought to result from this year's carry over of all range breeding ewes. The spring market, which has been ex ceedingly poor for the paHt year, should be materially helped by pur chasers from Montana, Wyoming, and Rocky Mountain states Ihat have ex perienced heavy winter losses during last year, and a lamb crop of but fifty per cent of the normal. Cattle seem to have reached the bottom, and a slight climb in price might well be loo'ked for. Were it not for our abundant hay crop the feeder and yearling end would be a source of some little concern, but as the feed situation, is entirely satis factory and much outside range is everywhere reported, these unsold animals may well be put to I ho prof itable task of garnering a feed crop that might, otherwise go ungathercd. Statistics show that, Oregon cattle profits are made from the range running of cattle rather than from the feed lot. This year might show a much better spring balance than Is now looked for. The Oregon rattle producer has materially improved the quality of his animals by bringing in the use of pure blooded bulls on the range and with good feed, a high and desirable lype of animal will bo of fered the range state fucders and shippers. Horses are steadily becoming more In demand. Decreased feed costs and stationary or increased giwollno coHt Is swinging the pendulum back In favor of the horse. At present, fig uring barley at 90c, oats at 60c, hay at $25, per ton and pasture at $15 per acre for the year's pasture run rent of 170 days, we find that 25.3 bushels of rolled barley, 27.8 bushels i of oats, 1.7 tons of hay will keep an be hied In the spring and rnge mares Number 33. FURNITURE GOING IN NEW HEPPNER HOTEL ROOMS READY FOR GUESTS THIS , WEEK Dining Room Pi-obably Ready Christmas All Equipment First Class for The new Heppner hotel is the scene of much activity this week with a small army of workmen installing the carpets, furnitoure and other equip ment. The work is being rushed in order to accommodate the public at the earliest possible moment. Pat Foley,, lesso of the building and proprietor of the new hostelry, is hero in person, and with the ablo as sistance of James Hart, resident man ager of the establishment, is losing not a moment in getting ready to serve the public. The new furniture is strictly first class in every respect, being all high ly finished hard wood, mostly ia quarter-sawed American walnut and oak. Carpets and rugs are also of fine quality and texture. Mr. Foley expects to have the rooms ready for occupancy during the present week, and the opening of the dining room, will not bo de layed more than a few days. It ia expected the hotel will be running smoothly in all departments before Christ mas. Mr. Foley is now proprietor of two hotels at The Dalles in addition to the Heppner hotel, which are known as Ihe Foley etring of hotels, those al ready in operation having an estab lished reputation as first class places. Arrangements are in progress be tween a committee of the Elks lodge and Mr. Foley by which the formal opening of the hotel and the dedica tion of the Elk3' building will be held on the same date. Mr. Foley has requestood the Her ald to extend an Invitation on his be half to everybody in Heppner and Morrow county to call and inspect the new building and furnishings while they are being Installed or at any other convenient time. He wishes it understood that the Heppner hotel is for the use of the Morrow county public as well as the tourist and conv merclal trade, and he says the guest In overalls will be as welcome and wil be accorded the same attention as tho guest in business tweeds or evening dress. The furniture and other equipment being put in by Mr. Foley will cost in excess of $20,000, o an average; of nearly $500 for tho 4 8 guest chambers the building contains. AMERICAN LE(ilOX BOYS TO il E ANOTHER SMOKER Those American Legion boys am go-getters when It comes to keeping things stirred up, and whenever they can't think of anything else to do, they give a smoker that practically everybody attends. That's what's on Ihe program for next. Saturday even ing, December Sth. The mat will be spread and the ropes si retched in I. O. O. F. hall and there will be some wrestling and sparrln gcxhlbil.ions that will be good for what alls you. There will also be eats and every thing will bo free as air to all legion members, while the nominal fee of 2.1 cents will be colli-cted at tho door from others, simply as a reminder that the show is worth several times that amount. If you like good clean sport and want to encourage the organization you should be there, you don't have, to wrestle or box if yo don't want to, but, if you get to feeling sporty, there's nobody barred. FrlendH of the Irish IU-piiMlc Will hold a public meeting at. Pen dleton December 19. Oregon Wool growers will meet at the same city on December 17 and IS. A largo delegation will attend both meetings. of fair type and reasonable bone and Hl.e will be l Incensing demand. Live stock growers havet a right, to be optimistic about tho future of tho industry. 1021 ought to be an aver age year. It will call for the practise of thrift and good feeding and better farm and range care of our animals.