Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1890)
f t 1 : :" ' vtf
He who thinks to please the World Is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON, OREGON, FKIDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1890.
EAST AND SOUTH
Southern Pacific Route.
THE MOUNT SHASTA ItOCTK.
VXrR&-8 TBAtxS LSaVK K1MUSD DAILY :
T H30 P. . J 1st
i -:. V 4. ! I.V
M-45 A.M. 1 Ar
Portland Ar I 9.8 A. M.
Albauy Arl6:15 A. M.
Sau Francisco Lv 0 P. M.
Above trains Mnp only at the following stations
north ot RoBehurg: Eaut Portland, Oregon City,
Wood burn. Salem. Albany, Tangont, Shedda,
Hnlwy, Harriafcurg, Junction Uliyv Irvtug and
Bwbqrg Mall mtly.
8 aX A. K. I Lr
12 M V. M. I Lv
8 :4t P. K. Ar
Ar I tM P. M.
Ar 1 13 sM Jt
Lt t 6:30 A. M.
Albany Local Illy i. vccit Sunday.)
S tfO P. K.
9 0 P. X.
Ar I 9:00 A. M.
L 5:00 A. M
Passenger Trains lal!y Except
a :34 P. St. I.v Albany Ar I 9 A. M.
S :i P. X Ar Lebanon L 40 A. M.
7:30 a. M. Lt Albanv Ar 14:38 p. M.
8S!3 A. St. Ar Lebanon Lv ) 3 : P. M.
PUIXMAir BUFFET SLEEPERS.
Tourist Sleeping Cars
For accommodation of Scond Class Passengers.
attac ;ed to Express trains.
WEST SIDE DITISIOX.
BETWEEN PORTLAND AND CORYALLIS
Mall Train Daily (Except Sunday.)
T -.30 A. X.
12 :10 P. K.
Ar I 8 :S0 P. H.
Lv t 14 :55 P.
At Albany and Corvallta connect with trains of
Oregon Pacific Kaiiroaa.
(Express Train Dally Except Sunday.)
Seattle has voted $341,70 of bonds.
Hoquiam, Wn, Is a sub-port of entry.
Willows has a new $20,00 ) schoolhouse.
Watsonvillo thinks she harbors a fire
Butte. Mont., has $110,000 in the school
Gambling has been i topped at Red
Grasps Valley is troubled by provision
The new courthouse at Whatcom is
Whateom, Wn has been made a sub-
port of entry.
Travel to the Yosenilte is about at an
end for the year.
Coroner Eaton of San Francisco has
been sued for divorce.
Svlvania iodire of Good Templars, at
Gras Valley, has disbanded.
The Butte (Oal.) Star printing office.
worth $5300, has been burned.
Alexander Marshall of Creston. 50 years
old, committed suicide Nov. 21.
A telt a-ranh line is in operation be
tween Sierra City and Sierra Valley.
The white miners of Copperopolls have
driven all the Chinese out of the camp.
Th Northern Pacific la completed to
Aiiaeortes, between Tacoma and Seattle.
Half a ton of honev was taken from a
tree at Ktrkwood, Colusa county, Nov. 25
Frank Rilurla of Comox. B. C acciden
tally shot and killed himself while hunt
William Canfield. whom Constable Lane
shot while Lane was drunk at Sanger, is
The Ore ;ro n pottery company's works
at Portland, worth $oi,ooo, nave been
Lena Hollander poured coal oil on the
fire at Phoenix Nov. 27 and was burned
There Is 180,000 bnshels of wheat and
oats in the fanners warehouse at Al
Stone and Hyde, land-entry swindlers
on a large scale, nave been arrested at
George M. Taylor has been arrested
for forging a check and raking money
on it at rresuo.
Stevens' warehouse at Madison, Cal,
with 2.3,000 sacks of grain in It was
burned Nov. 25.
Henry A. Joseph, an employe of th
Oakland postoffiee, has been arrested for
Frank D. Lewis, a government agent.
was robbed by a highwayman six miles
from Bedding Nov. 23.
Louis O Dea, a non-union nioider, was
brutally beaten by a gang of strikers
in San Francisco Nov. 25.
William Elfera had his rignt hand blown
oft by a blat in the Inyo marble works,
near Keeier, Cal, jov. zo.
Mrs. James McWhite ai.d a five-year-
old daughter were thrown from a buggy
near liaker City, ur, ana suiea.
Frank Loscatere of Oarden was mur
dered and robbed near Wells, Nev, Nov.
26 by Ben Morris of Alosta, Cal.
George W. Young, who killed Charles
W. Bea:h near Preseott last September,
has been convicted ot manslaugnter.
Solferini Tunerini of Ban Francisco
killed James Marshall in a gambling
quarrel over $3 at Naaaimo, JJ. C, aov
The Sonora Banner reioieea that
Tuolumne county held a fir this year.
a? bv so doing she drew 42000 frem the
Ah Gum has been convicted ot receiv
insr S2XM of the money taken by the two
Cliinese who robbed the bank at The
A train ran away at Edison, Wn, Nov,
29 and struek another train, killing En
gineer Fred L. Dexter and injuring two
Jerry Gould, a rancher, had a fight
with an Indian known as Beaver six
mUes east of Snohomish, Wn, Nov. 26,
and killed him.
Larire deoosits of gypsum are reported
. , i . i . . , ....k t:
. . -. -r-v t i i to nave ueeu iuuuu ai ouum imicioiuu
i? oreiffll and UOmCbllC r 1 Ullb, J anti a company has been formed to grind
)P. X. L.v Portland Ar 8 -.20A.X.
5aiP.ll. Ar McMinnvllle I.t 5:45 A. M.
ja-Throngh tb-xets to all points East and South
For tiukets aud lull information regarding
rates, maps, etc., call on Co s agpnt at Let) anon
K. KOEUttK. E. f. KOGKKS.
Manager. Asst J. F. a P. Agt
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
D EN T I S T
J. K. WEATHERFORD,
-ATTORNEY- AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provision.
Tobacco and Cigars,
A FINANCIAL SQUEEZE.
The Oregon Improvement Company In tha
llauds of a lto-elver.
The month of November, 1890, will long
be renumbered in the financial centers
of the world as one ot danger and
disaster. Not a great number of leading
houses failed, but many trembled on the
brluk of ruin and many made heavy sac
rifices to save themselves. A number ot
banks and business houses failed in va
rious parts of America, and runs were
made by scared depositors on many
more which were able to withstand the
attacks. The center ot disturbance was,
ot course, In Wall street, New York, but
it was felt all over the world. In Buenos
Ayres gold went up to over 200 per cent
premium and Nov. 26 the government
forbade the publication of quotations. It
was said to have reached 300 premium
that afternoon, but was easer the next
In Europe the feature of the season
was the collapse ot Baring Brothers, the
great London backers. They were the
financial agents of Russia, and in re
taliation for that country's persecution of
the Jewia the Je wish bankers made an on
slaught on the firm which it could not
withstand. A syndicate was formed
which took the business, but on such
terms that the Barings must par l 20
on the dollar it they ever get it back.
A large amount of gold was trans
ferred from San Francisco to New York
to relieve the stress there, and the sec
retary of the federal treasury contrib
uted to the same end by liberal purchases
ef silver and government bonds.
The Oregon Improvement company
was unable, on account ot the stringency
ot the money market in New York, to
borrow money which it needed, and an
nounced that it would default payment
of both interest on its first-mortgage
bonds and its sinking-fund obligation.
The company's business was thrown into
the hands of a receiver Nov. 25, Joseph
Simon being appointed. The company
owns 2333 acres or coal land ana 9uuu
acres ot agricultural and timber land in
Washington and Oregon, including coal
mines at Franklin and Newcastle, Wn,
and Coos bay, Or. It also owns two blocks
of land in San Francisco, a half interest
in the Throssel water ditch in Washing
ton, thirteen steamers, leased to the Pa
cific Coast steamship company, 19,000
shares of that company's stock. 13.704
shares In the raeille Coast railroad,
which runs twenty-six miles from Port
Harford to" Los OIlvos, 10,000 shares in
the Columbia and Puget sound rail-
vay, which runs twenty miles from
Seattle to the Newcastle coal mines, with
a branch twenty-three miles long, known
as the Cedar River extension, and 3000
shares ot the Seattle Coal and Transpor
tation company. It leases wharves and
coal bunkers at Oakland, Cal, and Port
land and Astoria, Or, and owns 4J0 town
lots at Preseott, Wn.
The company holds, as security for
advances, the entire stock of the Seattle
and Northern railroad and the Port
Townsend Southern railroad and $335,-
000 of the par value of the Olympia and
Chehalls Ya'ley railroad company. It
owes about $7,000,000 and its property is
estimated at $10,000,000.
it for a fertilizer.
Queensware and Glassware, Lamps and
, Xiamp fixtures.
PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
Main Street. Lebanon, Oregon
R. L. McCLRUE
(Successor to C. H. Harmon.)
: and :
Shaving, Haircutting and Shampoo
Inff in th latest and best style. Spec
ial attention paid to dressing Ladies'
hair. Your patronage respectfully solicited.
J. L. COWAN.
J. M. RALSTON.
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
Exchange sold on New York, San
rancisco, Portland and Albany, Org.
Collections made on favorable terms.
MM III! si a
ED. KELLESBERGER, Prop.
Mrs. David Howell horsewhipped W
H. Murohv at Oakland Nov. 29. her hus
band heluing her. She got her face
slapped in the job.
The gold d po ts in the Carrizo mount
ains in New Atexico are reported to be
marvelously rich, but the mountains are
la an Indian reservation
A tramp walked into the Coeur d'Alene
mining camp the other day, discovered a
crold deposit, located on it and sold out
within the week for $20,000.
Charles Branson, who was hired to
burn a saloon in San Jose and informed
asrauiBt his employer and was arrested
with him, has jumped his bail.
The citv of Spokane Falls has bought
the northwest exposition buildings for
$75,000, the exposition directors agreeing
to pay $6000 a year rent lor it.
Whitlock, who killed Miles with a fence
nicket at a dance near Healdsburg last
June while both men were drunk, has
pleadea guilty ot manslaughter.
The Tacoma chamber of commerce
has asked the Northern and L nion Pa
ciflc to supply more cars to relieve the
wheat blockade in eastern Washington
before the rains come,
Preseott Sawver. son ot the federal
judge, who has twice been discharged on
tecnnicauties wnen arrestea ior an as
sault to murder committed at Sausalito,
has now been indicted.
Arthur Harold's little girl uoset a ker
osene lamp at Seattle Nov. 25 and she
and her mother were badly burned, a
4-month-old baby was burned to deatl
and the house was destroyed.
Two Union Pacific conductors named
Chugg have been arrested at Salt Lake
for taking up tickets ana selling tnem to
scalpers. About 100 uncanceled tickets
were found in their residences.
The schoolteachers of Spokane county.
Wn.t many of whom have been working
for $30 a month, have formed a union
and fixed $50 a month as the minimum
wages any member will work for.
Sandy Olds, the thrice-con vicled Port
land murderer, is likely to escape con
viction on his next trial, the principal
witness against him having been hired
by the gamblers for $800 to. leave.
The Union Pacific has been reducing
its force and the remaining men at the
Osrden yards gave notice Nov. 29 that
thev were being overworked and would
strike if the evil were not remedied.
As the United States steamer was
about to leave Mare Island nnder orders
for China her second bottom, with the
boilers, dropped, its iron suppo ts hav
ing rusted off. Had the accident oc
curred at sea the Alert would probably
have gone to the bottom with ail on
The 10-year-old son of Henry Miller, a
caroenter. fell through a stairway open
ing on the sixth floor of a building at
the corner of Towell and Ellis streets.
San Francisco, Nov. 29, and was killed.
Ex-Governor Zulick has got the Marl
r-.ona county Ar.) grand jury to ffnd
four indictments against Edwin S. Gill,
editor of the Phoenix Republican, for
articles pu lished during the late cam
paign, tiill nas aiso oeen rauicteu ior
ibeiing Chief Justice Wright.
The residence of Supervisor Culbert
son on Moccasin creek, Tuolumne county,
with all its contents, including his win
ter's supply of provisions and the pupils'
books, tne scnooi parapntruajiii, Aiurary,
"The Bareheaded Forger Caught.
" The bareheaded forger " is in limbo.
For years he hss operated on this coast
and in the Mississippi basin. He would
rush into a business house, bareheaded
and coatless, with a pen behind his ear,
and present a draft on a bank bearing the
name of a firm located next door and
ask that it be cashed as an accommoda
tion to the next-door business house.
Supposing him to be ' the neighbor's
bookkeeper, the person applied to would
hand over the money, only to find, on
presenting the draft when the bank
opened, that it was a forgery. He usu
ally got $63 at a haul, and sometimes he
cleared $200 in a day, as he did at San
Jose. His name is Julius K. Dillman and
he has a father and brother at Pasadena.
He traveled under the name of George
E. Curtis and was arrested at San Fran
cisco Nov. 25, having come back from a
professional tour of the east to make a
second season on this coast. A full out
fit for a forger and a lot of forged
checks were found in his room.
Mra. Htanton In England.
The following Is a small part ot an ad
dress given by the president, Mrs. Eliza
beth Cady Stanton, at the opening ses
sion of the National American Womnif
Suffrage convention in Washington, Fob.
When I was last in England, a daugh
ter of the great statesman, John Bright,
Invited me to her house to spend a few
days, as she proposed to have a parlor
meeting and wished me to tell her f i tends
the status of our cause in America,
"But," said she, "I want you to bo very
careful as to what you say. You must
remember we have municipal suffrage
for widows and spinsters, but not for
married women; so say nothing about
them. Don't say anything about mar
riage or divorce, nor the Bible, for our
people are not prepared for any radical
ideas." I was so afraid that I might get
outside the narrow limits that I said,
"The best thing is for you and your
friends to ask questions, and thus keep
me on the line yoi desire." That was
agreed on. and after I had talked about
fifteen minutes on the condition of women
in America, one of the reverend gentle
men present asked if the sphere we pro
posed for women was in harmony with
the teachings of the Bible. I said our
Bible, like our constitution and statute
books, was susceptible of various inter
pretations, but its general principles or
juitlce, liberty and equality, illustrated
In the characters of such grand, women
as Huldah, Deborah, Vashtl and Esther,
fully warranted women in assuming all
honorable positions In the college, the
state, or at the head ot the army. As
they listened apparently with Interest to
my commentaries, I gave them the most
favorable view for our movement that
can be drawa from the scriptures. I
made no reference to Paul's epistles, nor
to the contemptuous disposition of every
thing oi the feminine species In the
When the audience dispersed, my host
ess said: "I am afraid you shocked these
Chrlstaln people; they never heard such
latltudlnarian ideas before."
-Well," said 1, "perhaps it is time
they did hear them. For my part, I like
to rouse people to some new thought,
even if at first It does shock them." As
Mrs. Margaret Lucas ( a elster of John
Bright ) who has just passed away, was
of our party, we talked by the fireside
late that eight as to the wisdom ot utter
ing the highest truth we saw aa oppor
tunity offered. The next momiug, to my
surprise, the Methodist minister tailed to
invite me to occupy his pulpit in the
afternoon, and give exactly what I said
the previous evening. I accepted the
When Mrs. Clark and Mrs. Lucas re
turned from church, I told them of my
afternoon engagement. " Why," they
exclaimed, "that will never do; the min
ister will lose his place ; the general con
ference would reprimand him severely
for allowing so heretical a teacher to
preach in his pulpit!" "Well," said I,
"go and tell him what you think; I will
not be offended If he reconsiders the
invitation." She returned, saying he was
quite determined. Bo I gave my Bible
argument, and the congregation received
it with enthusiasm. The women were
particularly pl.ased to hear that they
were not an afterthought in the creation ;
that they were not the authors of sin,
from the beginning iu collusion with the
devil; that maternity was not intended
as a curse, nor marriage necessarily a
condition ot slavery. The minister wrote
me a letter afterwards telling me how
much pleased his people were with all I
had said. Here is an evidence of how
little we can judge of what the people
are ready to hear, and of the wisdom of
uttering at all times the highest truth we
Q3CllCr&l I$Ctt)0. AT THE TOMB OF THE FIRST W0MAM.
.Fresh & Salted Beef, Pork, Mut
ton, Sausage, Bologna & Ham.
A Fasting Woman.
Mrs. Adam Wuchter ot Whitehall, Pa,
is , afflicted with some disease of the
throat and cannot swallow and on
Thanksgiving day had been 235 days
without food. She had failing health
and medical attendance from 1880 to
March 6. 1880, when she had cut a slice
of bread and buttered it and attempted
to eat, but found difficulty in swallowing.
This continued for weeks and she found
it necessary to have her food moistened
before she could swallow It. April ,
1890, she experienced so much pain in
attempting to swallow softened bread
that she had to ive it up, and her hus
band declares that since then she has
not taken as much food or water as
would last him three days.
Opinion is divided as to whether the
couple are deceiving the public, or the
woman is deceiving her husband and
the public, or the case is genuine.
" A Story of Poisoning.
Mrs. Victoria Langrez of Portland, 70
years old and worth $50,000, was sent by
her daughter, Mrs. Merrill, to an inebri
ate asylum, Mrs. Merrill saying she had
delirium tremens. She suffered a couple
of weeks and died. A few days after
Mrs. Langrez was taken to the hospital
Mrs. Merrill called with two lawyers and
had her mother make her will. About
this time Mrs. Sargucsse, a sister of
Mrs. Merrill, dined with the latter and
immediately after was taken violently
ill. A neighbor wanted to give her
coffee, but Mrs. Merrill insisted that she
should be given brandy and declared
that she was a habitual drunkard and
when a physician was summoned she
drove him from the door. Nevertheless
he prescribed for a case of poisoning and
a neighbor adminis ercd the remedy and
Mrs. Sarguesso rec
BACOS LARD ALWAYS ON HAND
Blattn Street ".Lebanon, Org.
etc, of a scnooi wnica occupiea one it is no unusual sight on our streets
room of the building, have been burned. a riderless horse coming along.
McNair Bros, have bored the deepest The boys who work at the mines on the
well in the valley on . their ranch. The ! outside of the city, get them out of the
bore is tnree inches and cased 38 feet j liuery stable, ride them to their place of
from the surface, it nows 30 gallons a
minute of hot water. No water was i
struck until the auger reached 1075 feet,
whan a small flow was struck. Thehot
water was struck at 1132. Sierra City Trib-
work, and then turn them loose. The
intelligent animals come back alone, and
will not stop until they get to their own
stable in town, ana no one . can eaten
them on the road or ride them, either.
-ina City Tribune.
The national Woman's Christian Tem
perance Unlou has petitioned President
Harrison to forbid the sale of intoxicants
at military canteens.
Clara S. Folte, who sued Henry D.
Cogswell, the Sail Francisco dentist ot
fountain fame, for her services as a law
yer in preparing and aiding in the pas
sage ot the act empowering the "regents
ot the university of California to convey
na,lain lamia maa n.-ar.lntl at A K. I ha
Creamed Cabbage. Chop fine one smal
head of cabbage, add salt to taste and
water enough to just cover it after it
wilts. Boil until the cabbage is tender,
and if the water boils away at the last,
all the better. When it is tender, add
one and one-half cups ot milk, and butter
size of an egg. Let it boil up and serve
at once. Do not let It boil much after
the milk has been added, or the salt will
curdle the milk.
Apple Salad. Take six apples, four
tablespooniuls or powdered sugar, one
fourth teaspoon! ul of cinnamon, one gill
of sherry. Pare, core and cut the apples
into very thin slices. Put a layer of
these slices in the bottom of a glass dish,
8prinkt i them with the sugar and a little
cinnamon, then another layer ot apples,
and so continue until all Is used. Four
the wine over, and stand away In a cold
place for one hour, and it la ready for
Apples Fried. Peel and core sour apples,
then divide them into eighths, and
sprinkle them with sugar, flour and
bread-crumbs. Cover the bottom cf a
stew-pan with a small piece of butter;
when melted cover It with slices of
apples, and fry --ellow on both sides.
When done place in a saucepan soiue
milk, sugar, bread-crumbs and currants;
put the iried apples in and let taem boil
up without breaking. Serve hot with the
sauce left In the saucepan.
Banana Pie. Doubtless there will be
more bananas eaten during this fall and
winter than in any previous season,
owing to the scarcity of other fruit. A
friend lately gave us this recipe for banana
pie, which we find a pleasant change
from the fresh fruit: Take two large
bananas, peel and rub them through a
colander, add one pint of milk, two heap
ing teaspoonfuls of sugar, two eggs and
a pinch of salt. Bake this in one crust
like a pumpkin pie.
Apricot or Peach Salad. Pare, cut the
apricots or peaches in halves, and re
move the stones. Arrange the halves
neatly iu a bowl, with the stone sides
up; then pour over them the following
fruit salad dressing : Four tablespoonruls
of sugar, one gill of sherry, one table
spoonful of maraschino and two table-
spoonfuls of champagne. All these in
gredients should be mixed together and
stirred until the sugar is dissolved. After
the fruit salad dressing has been added,
stand in a cold p:ace one hour, and
"Lcbkuchon" Honey Cakea. Take en
pounds of pure honey, strained ; put it
Into a very bright and clean copper
basin, place it on the lire, and, when it
boils, stir in sufficient sifted flour to
make a medium stiff dough: when cold,
add, for every five pounds of dough, one
and a half ounces of very finely-ground
soda, and such spices as you choose to
use; when well mixed put it into your
moulds or pans, press them full, and
bake them in a moderately hot oven.
These cakes can be made with half
molasses and honey, or all molasses.
They may also be enriched by the ad
dition of cut almonds, citron, etc.
A Creamery Combination.
In the Farmer and Homes for Oct. 4,
under the head ot the dairy, Mr. Moso
ley of Iowa, in his article, quotes from
a letter written to him by a Franlin
county (Vt.) dalrymun concerning the
situation in that part ot the etitto. I
think that a little elaboration, at h-iint,
should be added to what hits already
been said hi order that the matter inty
be understood more clearly. There aro
In this county eight or ten creameries,
each doing busbies distinct from the
other. Separators are employed la tli
business. Tnere are from two to eight
connected with each creamery scattered
about In different localities. The cream
from these branch srparnlors, or "feed
ers," as they ore termed, hi transported
to the creamery aud there put Into
shape for market. There are perhaps 25
of these separators in this eouuty so
employed. These creameries have been
In operation some live years, have done
an exteutlve business aud the product ts
well kuown in the markets. To make
this branch of dairying more 8UcetsfuI
a now move is being Inaugurated. It is
the consolidation of these different
creamerk-s under one management, to
be known as the " Franklin County
Creamery Association." The location of
me separators may be changed some
what so as to place theui at the nni
eligible points to accommodate the farm
ers aud get the required iiui.'iber of cow.
The cream Instead ot being made into
butter at all of the creameries as now,
will be transported to some cuutral
point and there manufactured.
Now as to some of the advantage?
that are to be derived from this move;
First will be the lessening of the cost of
making the butter; becoud, by having
Uie most approved facilities and em
ploying the best skill it is confidently
expected that a more uniform and bet
ter product can be obtained which, put
up in attractive style and In such hap
as the market requires and delivered to
consumers Iu the quickest possible time,
will naturally command the highest
prices. Last, but not least, will be the
ability to pay the farmer more for his
milk. This wilt be a stock company
with sufficient capital to operate it su
certsfu!ly. There are good men connected
with this enterprise who will work faith
fully for its success. It U also highly
commended by thos-j capable of judging
as a move iu the right dlrectiua. Nearly
all of these creamery men are faitneia
and dairymen. They commenced on a
small scale iu thli business aud have
worked It up to large proorUous. One
of them reached the Kiut -of 19,000
pounds of butter a week the present
season, and others have made aa hUjh as
louo to 1200 pounds a day.
If any of the patrons are so di4poeed
they can become stockholders In the
business and thus make it co-opwrative
ou their port, but this will be entirely
optional with them. It is not exiected
all dairymen will patronize this creauicty
association, nor that it will control the
dairy business of the county. It will be
the endeavor, however, to put the busi
ness upon such a basis and present such
inducements to the farmers that they
will quite generally find it for tiu'ir ad
vantage to patronlzo It. Of course if
any can do better by working up his
milk at home ho will contiuuo to do It.
To make the creamery t success it
must have the milk aud the furmcn
must furnish It. They" will not be boui.d
In this case, nor run any risks in the
matter, so it will be seen that they must
be dealt fairly by or their patronage cau
not be retained. It is expected to make
butter the jear round Instead of, as now,
tor only six months, bo there must
necessarily bo winter dairying on the
part of some. The milk will be paid for
according to its value for butter the
only true way and it Is probable this
will have a tendency to bring In many
dairies hitherto kept away from the want
of such a method. E. R. Towle, Frank
lin County, Vt, in New England Farmer.
Arsenic Srays and 1.
Several Eastern nuiserles have, during
tlio past year or two through their cat
alogues, advised the public to use arsenic
sprays for curcullo, while the trees wore
in bloom. This may bo well enough
where f'ere are no bees to gather honey
from the blossoms, but apiculturlsts
claim that the generat practice of this
method would result disastrously to the
bees, which leave everything for the or
chards when the trees aro In bloom. Not
only would many bees bo killed outright,
but a proportion of arsenic would be im
parted to the honey. Just, how much
can only be ascertained by careful ex
experlments. Sooner or later, the "lit
tle Turk " curculio will Invade Califor
nia. It Is well to be forehanded with
the uneradlcable post when it comes.
We should also care for our bees.
Neither the curculio nor codliu moth
can attack the fruit until after tho blos
soms have fallen, and it would seem
that then would be, the best time to
apply arsenic sprays California Fruit
The American Agriculturist's prize for
the largest yield of potatxtes raised on
n meiLHio-eil acre of around was taken
this year by a farmer in Johnson countv,
Wy, with a yield of 974 bushels. A. It.
Chisholm of Dei Norte, Col, got Ml1,
Cowhide horseshoes. It Is said, are fast
coming into use in Luglaud und in many
parts of the continent of Europe. It is
claimed for this stylo shoe that it is
much lighter, that it lasts longer, and
that split hoofs are never kuowu in
horses using it. It is perfectly smooth
ou the bottom, uu calks being required.
the shoe adhering ttrmly on the most
polished surface. Its elasticity prevents
many sprains, the horse's steps leiug
ibthter aud surer. It is said that straw.
treated with chemicals unknown, has
been used for horseshoes for centuries
Many doubts are being raised in the
minds of our fruitgrowers as to the ad
vlsabilitv or desirability in any event
of caprif ying figs in California. A Fre no
grower states as his reason ior uisoeiier
in the method that the process will not
give the fig any better flavor, because
if it had been so the ancients would not
have dropped the method simply for the
reason, that the capriuoa ngs naa
worse navor. uapruicauon uoes not,
cause tho flir to drop when mature, be
cause the fig, without cnprltlcation, drops
when it is ripe. Caprtticatiou will not
assist in curing, or prevent acidification
because the curing and souring are due
entirely to causes outside of the tig it
self. It is yet impossible to state
whether caprificatlon will increase the
size of the tig or not. This can only be
determined after a thorough te- has
been made. California Fruit Grr
The Indian scare Is over.
August Belmont U dead.
Sued tho faster is hungry.
The world's fair buildings are to be fire
They have another Charlie Ross in
Tho government was sustained In the
Many sheep perished in Germany In
the storm of Nov. 27. m
Tho predicted famine Is already felt In
county Mayo, Ireland.
Tho verille;! population of the United
States Iu 1891 U 62,622,259.
The South American Indians expect a
tuest-lih In a few mouths.
The lead-sliver suieltnrs of the country
uru combining In a big trust.
Th ttoputation of the United states Is
62 622,250 by this jeer's census.
The last lottery postal law is likely to
break up the Louisiana lottery.
Many bridges aud dykes in Holland
have been destroyed by floods.
Monte Carlo has degenerated from a
fKrti:ig palace into a gambling hell.
Canada wants France to surrender the
islands ot St. Pierre aud Miquelou.
Influenza of a typhoid character prevail-
in the '.iclnily of Buda-Pesth.
Eight miners were killed by an explo
slou in a colliery near Boltou, England,
Albert II. Smith, the New York forger,
has been convicted. His forgeries broke
The Cottou Employes' Association of
England has decided to raise wage 10
A Winnipeg court has deeided valid
tlii act abolwhint; separate school- in
Benjamin Penhallow ShUiaber, author
ot Sirs. Partington, died at Chelsea,
Muss, Nov. 26.
Three children tunneled Into a saud
bnu at Atlantic, la, Nov. tl and were
caved on and killed. .
The German government will buy Pro
fessor Kock's tuberculosis cure and mau
facture the lymph itself.
The steamer T. P. Leathers was burnt
near Fort Adams, Miss, Ncv. 27, with
the loss of live lives.
Thousands ot sheep perished In an un
usually heavy enow t-tortu in England
the last week in November.
The public debt or France is 80,810,813,
594 francs, which is more than that ot
auy other nation la the world.
Michael Haley, a 16-year-old boy of
Newburg, N. Y, ha become a complete
idiot through the ue ot cigarettes.
The brains of a dog and a cat hare
been successfully transKtsed at the uni
versity medical college la New York.
Under a new ukase no Jew is per
mitted to earn a liviusr in Russia until he
uiul all bis family join the Greek church.
Massachusetts print manufacturers say
that if business does not improve soon
they must either reduce wages or eiose
Forty fishing boats were sunk, 123
damaged and twenty-eight fishermen
drowned in a gale off Oifen, Norway,
Mayor Walsh of Wexrorl has been sent
to prison for three months for publishing
articles displeasing, to the British gov
ernment. Floods destroyed 5)0,000 florins' worth
of property at Carlsbad and at Jena fif
teen iiouses fell and several persons
William Waldorf Astor is building a
seventeen-story Intel in New Vorb. It
ni'J be 225 feel high, the tallest hotel in
William M. Donahue, a eierk in the
Boston p-stoflice, has been caught in
the act of raising postofllee orders from
$1 to $100.
Charles Francis Adams has lieen crowded
out of the presidency ot the Union Pacific
by the tiould interest, bydney, Dillon
William Clarke drew $2J,noo from a
bank at Milwaukee Nov. 20 and was
robbed of it a few minutes luL?r by two
meu who escaped.
It is announced that several Scotch
giiivhatu factories will thorily be re
moved to America
Henry W. Spieker, for years book
keeper in the office of the St- Louis
tribune, is several thousand dollars short
and has a family too many.
George Weston and his wife of Atchi
son, Kas. had a discuss'on Nov. 26. He
killed her with a hammer and she hacked
him terribly with a hatchet.
The fedoral supreme court has again
refused to interfere with electrocution
(begging the Record-Union's pardon the
word can't be squelched) In New York.
While Daniel W. Gerry and Nelson B.
Call were wrestling at Boston Nov. 25
a lead pencd' in Call's vest pocket was
driven into Gerry'a neck, inflicting a
The free stand at Eastern park, Brook
lyn, fell with 2900 people on it just be
fore the Yale-Princeton football match
Nov. 25. Nobody was killed, but about
fifty were injured.
Miss Lilian Rounder of New York has
married Yoong Suing, a Chinese cigar
maker who has buried one American
wife. Miss Rounder was about 4) and
Shing was in Iter Sunday-school class.
Miko Hordurick and Dennis Chesna,
Hungariaus, were arrested in the act of
placing obstructions on the railroad
track at Plymouth, Pa, Nov. 6, while
fast passenger train was approaching.
W. L. B. Hunter, an editor at Syla-
cauga, ija, charged lown juarsnai
G-Hirge Nlckerson with being drunk
wliile on duty. rulcKerson attacKOd mm
with a club and llunler snot mm aeaa.
Rev. Mr. Brown of the Episcopa
church at Middletown, N. S, gave G. H.
King a fearful beating because King sat
ou the dominie's hat on a train Nov. 21.
Kinar's nose was broken, his eyes black
ened and tho car fl'Xt'r covered with
James Sto.-kton and his bride went
through the Johnstown flood and each
supposed that the other perished. She
wont to Massachusetts and he to uaii-
rornta. They met at Memphis Nov. 29
and went to California to finish their
A bridge across the Hudson, to accom
modate six or eight railroad tracks, with
room for foot passengers but none for
teams, to run, probably, from Forty-second
street, New York, to the New Jer
sey shore and to cost $39,000,000, is likely
to bo begun next spring ana nmsnea
within three years.
Ronalds' castle, built in moditeval style
witli towers, walls, courtyards, moat
and drawbridge, at Newton, Conn, by P.
Lauriliard Ronalds, has been burned,
just before completion. It was filled with
tine paintings anu oric-a-urae anu tne
tho loss i i about $151,093.
When Tomns Martinez was called up
for trial at Eivas, Nicaragua, Oct. 22,
for attempting to murder Dr. Trinidad
Florcs he arose, drew a revolver and
shot Flores dead. He then shot another
man dead, wounded a third and escaped,
but was afterward recaptured.
Probate Judge Isaac Bergman of
Cheyenue got a dose of the judges' own
medieiue, being sent to jail for contempt
for refusing to turn over to the district
court the records of his court, which had
been abolished by the new constitution.
Ho attempted suicide Nov. 28 and shot
out both his eyes.
Tho men in Cox fc Co. shoe factory at
Rochester, N. Y, struck last May on
account or the introduction of lasting
machines. Nov. 29 a manifesto was is
sued, signed by twenty-five leading man
ufacturers, to the effect that they will
employ no union man until the strike
against Cox & Co. is abandoned.
Tlalt to the Grave of the Mother of the
It is not verj often that an American
visits the little town of Jiddah, on the
Arabian coast of the Red Sea; yet,
everj tear, as the sacred season of the
Iledjaz comes around, hundreds of
thousands of devout Mussulmans are
disembarked at its little harbor, intent
on making a pilgjrimajre to Mecca,
which insures to them the happiness
and honor of paradise. It was Dot
with any intention of attempting to
visit the' tomb of Mohammed and to
faze on the mysterious "Kaaba1 that
took sail one moonlit night from
Suakim. and crossed the turbulent Red
Sea to Jiddah. ' My object was to visit
the shrine, of one venerated by Chris
tian and Isl unite alike the reputed
tomb of Eve, mother of all mankind,
writes a correspondent of the N. Y.
The country presents a very sterile
appearance, there being but little vege
tation. A few date palms are dotted
alwut, and away to the west, in the di
rection of Mecca, groups of stunted
acacia trees render the prospect
less barren. The approach to the
tomb is up a sandy slope, rising abent
200 feet above the town. The grave
itself is 1G0 feet loug and 5 feet wide,
and is surrounded by a stone wall 4 feet
high, covered with chntiam. In the
ceuter of it rises a sm;i!l dome-crowned
mosque, wherein pilgrims assemble to
say their prayers. The mosque Is in
charge of some dervishes, who have
plenty' to do h keeniujr it clear of beg
gars who assemble and clamor for
1 aside the mosque is iterfeetly plain.
except that in the renter is erected aa
altar. This stands aliont three feet
high and Is covered with curtain. The
curtains leing drawn aside disclosed a
black stone let into the floor.
The stone i-t fipiaed to lie directly
over the.tomb of Eve, and is polished
like marble br the kisses of the faith
ful. It is by no means permitted to
everr uiigrmi to pi:c his lips on the
sacred spot, but br n ii'ieral amount of
b.i,k.heeh and the iiressence of the
consular I was le-riiiilied Ibe honor.
ii'id accM'diiigSv liieruriain was drawn.
and on liatnU ami knees I paid homage
to our leueml.irv mother.
The stone which is treated with so
much honor is a very eut tons oue, evi
dently meteoric, and is sit jtposied, like
the K-talm at Mecca. ; la have been
speebtiir sent down from Heaven for
it present use-
1 had a hmir ciint with the chief CU3
todian ot the ttirn:, who told me that
t!;e office had !een in the family for
generations. lit; ..said th:tt the most
rejnl.-tr visitors to the shrine are the
Bedouins, who. in theiryearlv wander
ings through t .e Arabian desert, rare
ly ftii to visit Eve's tomb. I asked
him if there was any legend as to wbj
Eve was stipooseil to -tie buried there.
but he knew noue, and asked: "Where
else would she be buried except on
this acred soil?
It is certainly curious that legendary
lore should select spots so distaut from
each other for the graves of our first
parents. While Eve rests on the shores
of the Red Sea, Adam is popularly sup
posed to lie buried under the forest-
clad slopes of Adams's Peak, in Cev Ion.
Ou my walk back to Jiddah I asked
my companions if they supposed the
grave represented the stature of ive.
and thev said, "surelv."
Two Sweet Girl Gradaates.
THE THLINKETS OF ALASKA.
Two sweet girl graduates went forth
to walk in the woods. In their holiday
mood all roads were one to tbem, and
wheu thev came to a cross-road they
turued into it- A hnnter who happen
ed to be standing; near spoke to them
' Don't take that road voang women,
he said: "it isn't safe."
Why isn't it safe?" asked the sweet
est of the cirl graduates, incredulous
'-Because a bear has lately gone op
'How do vou know that? Did you
ie the Itear?"
' No, I didn't see him; but there
his trail; and the hunter pointed
some foot-prints on ti.e ground.
The girl gnulntes carefully examined
the tracks, antl said one to the o;hen
"They don't look like the prints of a
bear's paws. Do you think they are?
"Don't believe him," said the other.
"I don't think they look a bit like bear
"Do you know a bear trail when yon
see it?" queried the hqnter.
"If you mean the prints of a bear's
paws on the ground," said one of the
girl graduates, with a lofty air, "I aro
sure any ono could tell what they
would look like."
Did you ever see the tracks of a
bear?" repeated the hnnter.
No," replied the girl graduate. "but
natural history gives us the conforma
tion of a bear's paws, and - the com
monest mental operation would teach
us from that what their tracks would
look like. I don't think these look the
least like the footprints of a bear. Bears
have claws, and there are no marks of
"Who ever heard of a bear without
claws?" said the other girl graduate,
with a withering glance at the hunter.
"What kind of tracks be they, then.
miss?" asked the hnnter.
"Indeed I don't know," returned one
of the sweet girl graduates, snpercili-
ouslv. They certainly . are not the
tracks of a Itear."
-Besides," added the other sweet
girl graduate, "who ever heard of bears
walking along roads?"
lhe hunter s stock of arguments as
well as words was limited, and he said
nothing. Tho sweet girl graduates
went on their way.
They had not goue far when a bear
sprang upon them and ate them op.
lhe only parts of their anatomy not
masticated beyond identity were their
tongues, which, finding tough.the bear
had swallowed who'e. Before the pro
cess of digestion - fairlv began, these
found time for a few words:
"They were bear tracks, after all,'
"And suppose they were," replied
tne other, ."how were we to know?
Down on College Students.
me of the Mtrang Cutomt Which Pre.
trail Among Tlile Ft altar People.
Alaskan music Is not unlike Chinsn
its monotony. The instrumnt-i!
music is extracted principally from a
guitar of two strings. But there can
be no doubt of the Ihimket s mueicat
ptittide. .This is fhown by the chiU
reu at tb mission schools. All AI.ikk-
aus have the same difficulty as the Chl-
uese in pronouncing r and v. Illici
matistrt becomes numatisni. every.
blr, storv. stolv, rears, veab. Pro
nunciation varies with the situation of
A hideous peculiarity of theThiink-
ets is the wearinjr among the women
of what is called the "labrette" iu a
lit made below and horizontal with
the mouth. Oddly enough, amort.
the Eskimos the ttti-n often iusert sim
itar atrocities in the corners of their
When the girls arrive at the are of
14 or 15 the ceoter of the under lip is -
perforated; aod a piece of copjter wire
titroduced to prevent the aperture
from closing. This 'aperture is grnd
uatlr lenglhenetl, and tlie wooden or
ivory ornaments are eularged in pro
portion till they are frequently ta
ereased to three and even four inches
it length and almost eqnal in widt-i.
This generallT haptteos wheu the
matron is advanced in years aud the
tmtscles are relaxed.
The labrette is bolloned out on each
side like a m?oii. though not quite so
deep; the edges are likewise hollowed
In the form of a paney. in order to Iije
this precious ornament more firmly tr
It is rare now on the coast In see
labrette-" worn by young women. They
think them fooiish. having been se
verely criticised by the whites and told
that the v are uily. Yanitv prevents
them from distorting t'teir not too
pleasing, faces; but I saw many a la
brette worn Iv oirt women, aud in-l-
eons enough was the spectacle.
It is said I will not vouch for th
truth of the statement that this orna
roeut is sometimes as useful as it has
heretofore been considered ornaments!,
affording a firm hold for fair fin sera
of their itossessors when engaged ia
The Thlinklets. like ot'ier r-'lra
races, are hospitaMe to a fnalt. VV
an Indian has a surp'tn of f-nl ! e. is
not happy until his friends help hi:.t to
eat it up. What they cannot devour
on the spot they are exnecicd to r;rry
away. A host is ouended it ins guests
do not partake of everything s-t ie
fore them; if strangers are ajiion ? :-?
visitors, fonr or tiVe feast are n-t un
common in a single day. When Ju l
Swan was anticipating such an tb".t
tion, his Indian eotn-.innioii 'war1!
hint not to cat loo m-t-h lest he siionM
Ite s;ck and not be able to eat untj the
The pot is always on the lire and ihs
food is almost all loiled. although Hour
and water of forbidding texture is of
en fried. "
"Miick-a-nmek" is seaweed. It locks
not unlike tobacco, and is chewed, but
when cooked with vinegar it is said to
be good to eat.
The leaves of the bearberry or kfo
nikinick are mixed with tobacco for
smoking to eke out the precious nar
cotic. These leaves are osed for the
same purpose by all North American
Indians. Once thev were pounded" in
mortars, still extant, bat of no farther
ose, for tobacco has superseded .the
native plant and small Indian boys are
seen smoking the effeminate cigarette
with marvelous nonchalance. Sprnce
gum is the woman's joy. Their j:ws are
perpetoally going, and" the expectora
tion is generons.
Though the Thiinkets are apparent-
ly very dirty, owing to never changing
their clothes until the latter are ready
to drop off in rags, still they wash
themselves daily. and are never so
persistent in bathing as during the
wjnter. Corporal punishment is the greatest
disgrace that can be inflicted oa
man. anil is rarely resorted to, saving
when a boy refuses to bathe in eoid
water. Then argument is panctnaied
by beating with a stick, which is con
sidered less as a punishment than as &
means of hardening the body. KaU
Field in Washington.
The students of Lehijh college.Penn-
svlvania. will not be able to boast of
their conquests among college widows
in their college town. Twenty-eight
young ladies have formed a society to
discourage the attentions ef the college
boys, aud for the first time in history
the attentions of college "nien" will
not be welcomed.
Ia Prison In Georgia.
From Lien t W. H. Sh el ton's "A
Hard Road to Travel Out of Dixie. in
the Century, we quote the following:
Before passing the gate or t' ,
prison for Union officer at Macoa"J we
expected to see a crowd bearing wm
outward semblance of respeetabilitv.
Instead, we were instantly sarronnded
by several hundred ragged, bare-footed,
frowzy-headed men shooting "Fresh
nsh!" at the top of their voices ana
eagerly asking for news. With rare
exceptions all were shabbily dressed.
There was, however, a little knot of
naval officers, who had been ca"ptared
in the narrow windiugs of the Rappa
hannock by a force of cavalry, and who
were the "aristocrats of the camp.
They were housed in a substantial
lair - building m the center ot toe
grounds, and by some special terms ot
surrender roust have brought their
complete wardrobes along. Oa hot
days they appeared in spotless white
dock, which they were permitted to
send outside to be laundered. Their
mess was abundantly supplied with the
fruits and vegetables of the season.
The ripe red tomatoes they were daily
seen to peel were the envy of the camp.
1 well remember that to tne, at tnis
time, a favorite occupation was to lie
on my back with closed eves and im
agine the dinner l won id oraer i
were in a first-class hotel. It was
unusual thing to see a dignified colon ef
washing his lower clothes in a pail,
clad only in his uniform dress-coat.
Ladies sometimes appeared on the y
guard-walk outside the top ef the jf
stockade, on which occasions the clean'
est and best-dressed men tnrncd out."
see and be seen. I was quite pronr -appear
in a clean gray snirt. sy" '
white drawers, and moccasins''
blue overcoat cloth. S
On the Fourth of Jayr .
regular morr.ing count, y , ,:
the bigcentral bnildiujf . t .
formal celebration. . .
brought into captivv - .
person, a little &W '
was carried op: ... :
the building. . s 2 .
the wildest W"
, the flag a - ' - V.
; speed)-' , , r
guari . . .. . -
our- .. . . ' ' y : ,'
tr- . -. y.: ... ". ., '.-.- - -
Bill Doughorty and Herbert Inger
soll have been arrested for stealing a
Lompoo livery team and selling It in
Los Aneeles. They appear to have been
working the whole coast.
An ordinary hard question for house'.
wives to solve, "How to clean
frames?" is answered ia the Scte' "J 'r
American. The method advised V - ! ?
pie, consisting in washing the'
witn Deer. .. .V-