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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 24, 1890)
He who thinks to please the World is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half Is yet behind.
VOL,. IV. , LEBANON, OttEGON, FItlUAY, OCTOBER 24, 1890. ... NO. 33.
EAST AND SOUTH
Southern Pacific Route.!
THK HOIXT SHASTA BOBIE.
UrB&S LEAVE rOUTLASD .UIA :
4:00 P. M. 1 I.V
9 :28 V. M. I Lv
7 :iS a. M. I Ar
Albany Ar j 6:14 A. 51.
San FTanclscoJUv wi jrx.
Above trains stop only at the following ""on?
nortnot Koseburg: East Portland
v:., - u.mdr'r. Juncdon 01 y, Irving and
S AW A. It. I Lv
12 A) P. U. 1 Lv
6.-00 P. M. I Ar
4 M P. M.
ia o sr.
! 6 X A. X.
Albany Local Dally lExeept Sunday.)
5 Ml P. M.
JM P. M.
Arl 9:00 A. M.
U i A." M
Fasseneer Trains Dal V Except
3 :30 P. M. I Lv
. 38 p. Jt. 1 Ar
'. -JO A. St. j Lv
8:32 A. St. Ar
t :25 A. M.
8 0 A. St.
4 : P. f.
3 : P. St.
PULLMAN" BUFFET SLEEPERS.
Tourist Sleeping Cars
For scoomm.-xJatlon ol Second Class Passengers.
attac ea to Express trams.
WEST SIDE DIVISION.
RF.TWEEX P0BTLAXD AXD C0RV1LUS.
Mall Train Dally (Except Sunday.)
7:30 A. M
12:10 P. X.
S :3t) P. X.
IS :S5 P X.
At Albany and Corvallis connect with trains of
Oregon Paoinc Jtiaiiroaa.
(Express Train Dally Except Snnday.)
4 AO P. X. 1 Lv
' r25 p. m. I Ar
8 -J20 A. X.
5:15 a. X.
aa-TTirv.n o-h tickets to all points East and South
For tickets and roll Information regarding
rates, mapa. etc, call on Co's agent at Medfoid.
Vt KOKHLLK. E. 1. KlKiERS.
Manager. Asst. Q. F. P. Agt
DR. C. H. DUCKETT,
D E NT 1ST
J. K. WEATHERFQRD,
ATTORNEY- AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.
ALBANY. - - - - - OREGON,
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
G. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Froviw.
Tobacco and. Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Queens ware and Glassware, Lamps and
PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
R. L. McCLRUE
fncecor to C. H. Harmon.)
Barber : and : Hairdresser.
Shaving, Haireutting and Shampoo-
insr in the latest and best style, spec
ial attention paid to dressing Ladies1
hair. Your patronage respectfully so
J. M. RALSTON
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
KEPT SUBJECT TO
Exchange sold on New York, San
Francisco. Portland and Albany, Org.
Collections made on favorable terms.
ED. KELLLNBERGER, Prop.
Fresh & Salted Beef, Pork, Mut
ton, Savsage, Bologna & Ham.
BACQ55 AM) LAED ALWATSUS HAND
Main Street, teban?
Indianapolis ear company has
nations of the world are at i
Rube Burrows, the southern desperado.
has been killed.
Russia will immediately beirln building
the Siberian rail ay.
Roberto Saeasa has - been re-elected
I resident of Nicaragua.
The expulsion of Jews from Russia pro
ceeds with relentless vigor;
Winnie Davis has broken oft ber en
gagement to marry young Wilkinson.
Florida orange dealers in now "iork
propose to have a steam-heated wharf.
Clayton Lloyd poisoned his wife and
four children at Newton, A1M and tied.
Father Alois Steffi n, pastor at Wood ha
ven; N. l., is co-respondent in a divorce
Ten persons were killed bv an explo
sion in the pyrotechnic school at Bourges,
France, Oct. 10.
There was a fire In the Putnam hotel
at Chicago Oct. 11. in which four per
Full amnesty has been offered to all
Salvadorean political offenders, even in
Vernon Whiteside, eitv auditor of Chat
tanooga, Tenn., is $26,000 short. His
mother will pay it
White Cans at Abseeom. N. J.. rode
John Newman on a rail trimmed with
barbed wire Oct. 6.
Srlkers drove the non-union men out
of the mines at Bulll, X. S. W Oct. 9,
and took possession.
The federal supreme court will have a
chanee to amplify the original package
decision at its October term.
The French liuuciied gas gun is a suc
cess ana the Colt arms company nas
bought the patent for $1,000,000.
The Servian trovernment has asked
the Skuptschina to pass bill expelling
ex-Kiug Milan from ttie country.
Italy declines to send esh'bits to the
Columbian exhibition on account of the
passage of the Mckinley tariff aet.
Colombia asks such a heavy payment
for an extension of time on the Panama
canal contract that she may not get it.
Jehiel Tryon's wife and dwelling at
Middletown, Ct., werw consumed by lire
Oct. 7 and Jehiel was somewhat scorched.
The postal service in Turkey has been
suspended because it is believed that
revolutionists have been taking ail van
tage of it.
Grand Duke Nicholas, uncle of the
czar, is dyine of what is called cancer.
as so many members of European royal
1 amines ao.
Chieaco is to have a Sl.5iW.000 tin-plate
factory, taking fin from the Black Hills
and from North Carolina and employing
In the midst ol their trial at Tipper-
ary O linen and Dillon evaded British
vigilance, lumped their bail and sailed
England has demanded from Portugal
immediate settlement for the recent
seizure of the steamer James Stevenson
in African waters.
The shippers" union for protection
against labor-union demands in Great
Britain is growing into a general era
Xarcisse Lerocque Is under arrest at
Cumberland. Ont for assaulting and
murdering Eliza and Mary McGonlgle,
aged 12 and 14 years
Dr. Merrille Gates, president of Am
herst college, has been appointed to suc
ceed Clinton B. riske on tne ooaru ol
The strike of New Zealand colliers was
a failure. Ihirty-rour steamers or the
company are running, furnishing em
ployment to 2J00 men.
A London woman thinks that on6 of
her lodgers, who used to keep irregular
hours, cut up fresh meat and get blood
on his towels, was Jack the Kipper.
Cholera victims are dying by thousands
along the Red sea and in the Interior of
Arabia and their bodie lie wner they
fall until biros ana dogs devour mem.
Madame Boneil confessed that she was
a German spy and na3 Deen sentenced
to live years' imprisonment, 5000 franca
tine and ten years exile from France,
Arthur Hoyt Day has been convicted
at Wetland, Ont., of murdering his wife
by pushing her over the banb at Niag
ara Falls and sentenced to be hanged.
There were election liots in Pondi-
cherry, the capital of the French settle
ment In India, and several persons were
injured In connicts or tne police witn
After the Liberals had. under federal
supervision, carried the licino constitu
tional election, tne bwiss government
restored the deposed Conservatives and
A vouncr doctor named Koucharsky
lectured on pob onous acids in St. Peters
burg the other day and concluded by
taking a dose and dying in the presence
of the audience.
The Portuguese government is in
tight place. To refuse England's d
mands in Africa would mean a war witn
England which Portugal is unable to
wage, and to grant them means rebel
lion and probably a republic.
The most destructive prairie tire ever
known west of the Missouri river has
destroyed many hundreds of cattle and
done immense damage otherwise in the
western part ol N ortn Dakota.
Joseph Jonassen of New York, who
was arrested in nermany ana cnargea
with saving: "I sneeze at your em
perr, a crime punisnaoie by ten years
imprisonment, nasjaeen acquitted.
A quarter of a mile of land, with the
buildings of Mathias Gadnon at St.
Pierre. uue slid into tne river tjct. v
Mrs. Gadnon was killed and Gadnon was
badly iniureu, but their nine children
The daughter of Mrs. Mittman of
Leavenworth, Kan, for whose murder
Charles Benson was arrested in New
Jersev. has confessed that the and Ben
son planned tne muroer oi notn ner
mother and brother for the property.
Mrs. Nancy Sullivan of Springfield, O,
went crazy on religion and built an
altar, undressed her 8-nionth-old son
laid him on the altarnd was with diffi
culty restrained from killing him witli a
butcher knife as a sacrilice to the Lord
While the coroner held John Sweeney
a prisoner on the depot platform at Oat-
ville, O., Oct. 11, a pil of Sweeney's
pushed the coroner on the platform in
front of a train. He kept his grip on
his prisoner and took him with him
he fell and both were killed. I he man
who gave the push was arrested for
Frederick Henzler mixed carbolic acid
and kerosene and washed his bird store
in New York and the cages in it with
the mixture to drive away cockroaches
and somebody dropped a candle fnto the
mixture. An explosion followed, causing
a fire which consumed 100 p irrots, 100
eanarv and mocking birds, two monkeys
two cats, a dog and all tho cockroaches
Tunis V. Palmer, crazed with grief at
the death of his wife, hanged himself in
New York Oct. 7. ills two little ennoren
awoke In the night and found him hang
lni to a chandelier. They begged him
to come down. Getting no answer, they
ran and roused a neighbor and asked him
to come in. He told them to go home
and said he would come in a minute,
but he did not come and the little ones
watched their father's body several hours
till daylight, when neighbors came in
Jay Nicherlos deserted his affianced.
STissi Flla Henrihan of Constantia. N. 1.
a year ago, after the wedding feast bad
been prepared and the guests had as
sembled, because his people objected to
his being married -y a Catholic priest.
Ella was sweet to him when they met
again and agreed to be married by a
Protestant minister, and a few days ago
they stood before Rev. Mr. Embey, who
was just beginning the marriage service
when she paid Jay in bis own coin by
dropping his hand and walking away.
Slsson had a frost Oct. 11.
Carson had a snow storm Oct. 8.
Coronado has seceded from San Plego. I
Dixon is becoming a raisin shipping
Seattle charges S1000 a dav for a circus
The next session of the state irrnuge
will be at Hay ards.
Bunco men have been making Tncoma
their headquarters of late.
Sacramento's street rai'wavs are to be
equipped with electric motors.
June Dennis, the colored prize lighter.
is in the Agnews insane asylum.
. rock fell on J. E. Keller and killed
htm in a mine at Hiidreth Oct. 6.
Will King committed suicide at Salt
Lake Oct. 4 with uo known cause.
George F. Foster, city tax collector of
Tucsou, drank, defaulted .and suicided.
The Irvington Odd Fellows have dedi
cated a $10,000 hall which U about paid
Snow began to fall f.t Sierra City Oct.
9. The long winter last year bi'gau a
Frank Gano was crushed to death while
caupllng cars at Scotia, Humboldt Co,
Cal., Oct. 7.
A cartridge burt while Thomas Leflech
aged 14, was loading a gun at Horn-
brook Oct. a. m
William, son of ex-Governor Sprague
f Rhode Island, committed suicide at
Seattle Oct. 7.
Mrs. Fry talked about Miss Preston at
Pe-rls and Miss Preston sued and got
Ditches are to bo surveyed at onee for
the irrigation of 50.000 acres in Sunny-
side county, Wn. :
Tramps fired a barn at Castroville and
the (lames spread and destroyed $23,000
worth or property.
The new Cumberland Presbyterian
church at Eugene. Or., has been dedi
cated and paid tor.
Louise Esslineer married George Weh
lin at Redwood City and committed sui
cide before morning.
Mrs. William. J. Rogurs committed sui
cide in San Francisco Oct, 7 after, a few
words with her husband.
White men are hiring Indians to kill
thousands of deer in the Sierra Nevada
mountains for their hides.
An electric street-oar line from the
heart of San Francisco to the new stock
yards at Baden is projected.
Mrs. Catherine Fitzsimmons sued Frank
Band for breach of promise in San Fran
cisco and a jury gave her $1.
Old Adam, the last chief of the Til
lamook Indians, believed to be between
100 and 140 years old. Is dead.
There are 9276 Good Templars in Cal
ifornia and the grand lodge meeting in
Santa Cruz was a successful one.
Mrs. Columbet, who was thiown from
a buggy near San Joee and lav uncon
scious nearly a week, is recovering.
Gus Gunderson sud ex-Sheriff William
Cochran at Seattle for arresting him by
mistake for I'ete Oisen and got SjOO.
Tho Great Northern Jim Hill's) rail
road will have a terminus at New West
minster, B. C, and a line to Portland.
Mrs. Hainy. living near Drain. Or..
shot and killed F. F. Templetou while
he was trying to get into ner house.
Daniel Zelmer. secretary of American
council No. 7, order of Chosen Friends,
San Iranciseo, has run away with $ooo.
Ernest B. Muffly, a Taeoma railroad
agent and baseball suarp, has raised
money on bogus checks and skipped out.
Alexander Harris of Stockton attempted
to jump on a moving freight train and
fell under the care and was killed Oct. 8,
About one-half the town of Compton
CeU has seceded from the incorporation
The incorporated half is a prohibition
Anastaelo Griego stole up behind his
wife, from whom he had separated, at
Los Griegos. N. M- Oct. 7, and shot her
The California etate grange meeting at
w atsonviiie was more largely attended
than any previous meeting for several
George de Graf, a Seattle merchant,
started for San 1 ranclseo toept. 24 and
has not been seen since he reached Port
Dave Johnson and George Ray dis
cussed politics at Oreana. Idaho, and
Johnson carried his point by shooting
Sand on the track derailed a train at
Ceiilo. Or Oct. 6. killing Fremnn How
ard and badly injuring George Long and
A hundred and ten tons of Lima beans.
the largest shipment of beans ever made
irom the coast, left llueneme Oct. 11 lor
Ross Hutchins lumped the pre-emption
claim of a man named Jennings nine
miles from Boise City and Jennings shot
and Killed mm.
Train wreckers burned a railroad
bridge five miles east of Dixon Oct. 9 in
front of the Oreg-n express, but the train
a gang or thieves from ia to is years
old, belonging to prominent families at
Spokane talis, has been broken up and
much plunder recovered.
Jacob H. Merer, a Seattle contractor
and builder, has disappeared with $5000
uriuugiuic uo n. ij. v yaiL, irom wnom
he had taken a sub-contra .-t.
cnaries augnan tried to pick out an
unexploded blast near Port Vine, Sierra
county, and it went off and blew him
to pieces and.broke T. Clark s arm.
A Napa man named McGeo and nine
Mexicans were killed by an explosion in
a gold mine seventy miles Inland from
Mazatlan in the latter part of Septem
Anton Vogt and John Aimbrufcier of
San Francisco have been arrested at
Portland for distributing boycott circu
lars against a brewery and fined li0
The largest tree in the known world
has just been found in tho Sierras two
miles north of Kentucky Meadows,
Fresno county. It is over 129 feet in
John Sebrean of Bolinas. who thrashed
Schoolmaster R. B. Warren for whaling
the young Sobreana because they said
the pedagogue drank beer, was tried
for assault and acquitted.
The company owning tho townsite of
Rialto, having gathered a tomerance
colony by incorporating a prohibitory
clause in its deeds, has now commenced
selling lots without that restriction.
Ah Sin Yung.'sinned too young and
has been sentenced to death for the
murder of a Chinese woman in Fresno
county. If hanged he will bo tho tirst
person legally executed In that county.
Frank E. Smith fired at his wife and
wounded her and then at her father.
John P. Crins, and broke both arms, at
South Union, Wn., Oct. 7. He then
had the decency to blow his own head
The forest fire In tho mountains north
east oi nonoma swept over an area
twelve miles long by six wide, destroy
ing many iences ana mucn timber and
thousands of acres of feed, but nobody
pensnea in it.
A wind storm blew down an awning
at Seattle Oct. ti and in its fall it brought
down the electric railroad wire. R. E.
Johnson, a hackdnver, attempted to
drive over the wire and both his horses
were instantly killed.
A man drove up to where Mrs. John
Nigtingale sukkI in front of her resl
deuce in San Francisco Oct. 7, jumped
from his buggy, snatched her purse,
which contained Sii, returned to his
buggy and drove off.
New Mexico rejected the Btato consti
tution because it provided for free public
schools. The Engl'sh-spcaking people
now esk congress u pro-vide for free
public schools for tho territory, and also
that no person shall sit on a jury who
cannot read and write tho English language.
A SHOWER OF
Ann, Jawbones and Other Sample
Scattered Over a Tonhlp.
A workman nnmod Cran was receiving
can of hexagonal powder to be shipped
for the use of the United States govern
ment In one of tho packing mills o the
Dupout powder company on tho Bran-
dywlne, five miles from Wilmington,
Del., Oct 7, when a spark fell Into It and
It exploded. Betting off all tho powder
in tho building. Seven or eight other
mills were exploded by the concussion,
leaving nothing but holes In the ground
to show where they had been. Fifteen
or twenty employes were killed outright
and many were Injured. Fifty, houses
wero completely destroyed, and in the
illnge of Dupont Banks, near by, 100
houses were rtined, doors, windows and
walls bctug blown in and all the contents
smnshed. Glass was broken In houses as
far away as Wilmington, and the shock
was felt in Philadelphia.
For several days after the explosion
people continued to find parts of human
bodies scattered over an area of several
miles. Ono farmer was astonished just
after ho heard the explosion to see a
bleeding human hand drop at his feet.
Another found a jaw and part of a
cheek, and others found legs and arms.
The powder company announces its
readiness to restore all damaged prop
, The Dark Continent.
King Lobengula of Mashonolaud, lu
southern Africa, has been wheedled and
coerced Into ceding a -ast area to the
British South Africa company. His peo
ple, the Meta belles, a brave and warlike
tribe, look with jealous eyes on the en
croachments of the whites, and a force
of t) trained and well-equipped soldiers
on dutv there find great difficulty In
penetrating the country any consider
able distance. A conlllct in which 100
British soldiers were killed Is reported,
anl it is feared that Lobengula's chiefs
may have forced him to go to war de
spite hi frienuliness for the whites.
In other partV of Africa the natives
protest effectually against the parcel
ing out of tne continent by the Euro
pean powers. Some chiefs on the Gold
Coast have forced the Germans to with
draw, and In Dahomey the French have
found it advisable to conclude a treaty
of peace on terms highly favorable to
the king of that country.
M nrtler Uj Mar, V Maniac.
James M. Dougherty, the crank who
followed Mary Anderson for years with
Incoherent protestations of love, has
been in the Insane asylum in Fiatbush.
New ,York, for a year past but he
quite recently escaped. He walked Into
the institution Oct. 6 and, with a re
volver In each hand, faced the assistant
superintendent. Dr. Lloyd.
AY ell, Doughertv, what do you want?
said Lloyd, pleasantly, thinking to pro
pitiate the crank.
"I want Dr. Osgood. Where is he to
be found ? " was the response.
" Oh, he has just stepped out, but he
will be bac"i in an hour or two."
" Dougherty looked at his weapons and
then at the doctor, who smiled and said
Now, Dougherty, put those pistols
away. I am sure vou do not want to
Quick as a Bash Dougherty tired two
shots and Lloyd fell dead.
A Ileruie Engineer. -
The boiler of a locomotive exploded
two miles west of Huntington, Ind., Oct,
12. The fireman, George KIrby, was blown
from the cab tack on the track and
burned and scalded . 40 that he was ex
pected to die. Engineer Edward Mur
phy was badly scalded but jumped off lu
time to escape fatal scalds. In jumping
he broke his leg, but when the first
neighbor arrired on the scene he found
Murphy crawling up the track with a
lantern in nis hand, to stop a passenger
train which was due In a few minutes.
His action averted a terrible disaster,
Murder Will Out.
Nathan Wlllett, a prosperous farmer
of Norwalk, Los Angeles county, Cal
has been arrested for a murder commit
ted seventeen years ago. He had killed
a man In western Texas and fled to An
derson county. There a rival of U. B.
Woodward for the affections of a woman
hired Willett to kUl Woodward. A fugi
tive from justice already, Willett was
easily persuaded. He took a drink with
Woodward and then shot htm dead. He
then came to the coast and has led an
upright life In southern California ever
since. He married near Norwalk twelve
years ago and has two children and
farm worth $20,000 or $30,000.
Two men seized ex-Assemblyman Jos-
selyn as he drove up to his home at
Monterey Oct. 10, beat him brutally and
then tied him with ropes while they run
sacked the house. They took $30 in
money from his person and then 'molly
cooked dinner, which they asked him to
join in eating, but he declined. They
tormented Joaelyn until 3 o'clock tho
next morning, when they left. It was
daylight when he managed to free him
self. Tho brutes took the motning train
and left it at San Jose.
Stephen Rich and his wife keep a way
side saloon about a mile from Bradford's
mlue In Lake county and two and one
half miles from Middletown. On the
evening of Oct. 10 while Fred Bennett
was in the saloon five or six masked
men entered and began firing at Ben
nett. Rich returned their the and killed
one, who proved to be W. R. Magulre, a
miner. Rich and his wife were wounded.
In the struggle the mask was torn from
6ne of the men, who proved to be Henry
Arcarro, another miner. Bennett escaped
through a window. '
A Fatal Kxplotflon.
Cortez mining company's powder mag
azine at the Garrison mine at Beowawe,
Nev, exploded Oct. 10, and tho building
and the air compressor engine-house
were blown to atoms. H. Taylor, w ho
was In the magazine at the timn, was
killed and several other men wero hurt
by flying debris. J. B. Dougherty's
boarding-house and several other bui'd
lags were considerably Injured.
A Keform Needed.
The experiment of an Alameda county
fruitgrower In marketing his grapes with
out the Intervention of mlddlomon bo
twoen himself and the consumer, an ac
count of which we copy from the Rural
Press, ought to succeed. The enormous
prices at which good fruit retails in San
Francisco aro out of all proportion to
tho prices producers get and the cost of
transportation and handling. We do not
agree with the Press, however, in attrib
uting the trouble to " retailers' extor
tions." The greatest gap Into which
percentages fall Is between the producer
and the retailer. The commission fian
gets them. Retailors labor under many
disadvantages whl"h commission men do
not encounter. Tho commission men of
San Francisco have a closo organization
and no retailer buys a pound of fruit
that this organization does not fix the
price upon. If the retailers do not tako
tho bulk of the consignments at that
price, so much the wotso for the grower.
What is . left on the commission man's
hands is sold to canners at next to noth
ing and the price evened up (or down)
in rendering account of sales so that the
man whose fruit was taken by the re
tailer at 5 cents a pound gets no more
than he whoso shipment went to the
cannery at 1 cent.
The result of all this U that the retailer
sells only halt as much fruit as he would
if he got it at 2 or 3 cents and Is com
pelled to charge twice as much profit to
cover expenses and losses on damaged
goods, and the San Francisco consumer.
while he is paying 8 or 10 cents a pound
for fruit, sees the canneries getting as
good an article for 1 cent and jumps to
the conclusion that he is being robbed by
retailers" extortions," supposing that
his fruit vender Is making from 700 to
900 per cent profit. The conimlstlon
men and canners get all the profit theie
Is In this kind of trade, the grower finds
hard to pay help and taxes and the
poor go without fruit in the metropolis
of the grandest fruitgrowing region the
sun ever shone upon.
A remedy for this state of affairs can
not be expected from the commission
men. Their profits are sure and their
work easy. They do not tnt a change
The fruitgrowers and consumers can, if
they will, cure he evil. It will not be
found practicable for fruitgrowers In
general to retail their own products, as
the Press has pointed out. but a nuin'jer
cau combine, hire a room and have con
slgnments or fruit auctioned off every
morning to the highest bidder by tho
single box or more. Retailers and con
sumers could thus buy at prices some
where near as low as those the growers
get after paying transportation eharw.
A steady retail trade might, perhaps, tie
conducted In the building after auction
hours, and probably a cannery would
soon be added which would work up all
unsold fruit while-yet fresh and whose
trademark would soon become known as
guarantee of first-quality goods.
Here is a chance for the grange or
some similar organization. City buyers
might take stock Id It, for they would
really be the greatest gainers by It.
A void! tig Middlemen.
An Alameda county grapegrower bas
an interesting experiment in progress In
the line of an effort to establish direct
trade between producer and consumer.
He had a crop of Black Malvolse grapes
which. If sold through San Francisco
commission merchants, would hardly pay
even as much as local wlnemakers would
pay for such low-quality grapes say $15
a ton. Knowing wnat is done in tne
large eastern cities In the way of "bas
ket fruit trade," he has begun the effort
to establish such a trade In this city
under the name "Home Basket Fruit
Company." He secured a small stand at
the lower part of Market stieet and gave
out several thousand small circulars
making the following offer: "Black
Malvolse grapes, freh from the ranch.
Five pounds for 23 cents, including a fif
teen-cent lunch basket, "and If you will
bring the basket back will fill it again
for ten cents every day aa long as the
crop holds out."
This announcement proved attractive
and sales were considerable from the
start, and the trade was-so economically
and Ingeniously conducted that the
grapes netted 2 cents a pound or $49 a
ton. The experience with the first stand
has led to the establishment of two oth
ers at points higher up on Market street.
' The experiment Ls still in progress, and
whether the sale of fruit on such a low
scale of prices can be mado permanently
profitable remains to be seen. Tho ex
periment has within it the testing of tho
general proposition to extend the 'sale
of freth, 'Wholesome fruit In large quan
tities at rates which aro low and yet
yleid the producer more than ho can
get through existing channels. To at
tempt such an enterprise as Is now being
tried requires personal qualifications for
driving close trade and causes, the pro
ducer to put In his own time possibly at
Irather low wages. Consequently many
producers aro not personally qualified
for such an. undertaking and others can
make hotter use of their time, perhaps.
Thus, while the experiment now uudor
trial does not offer a field to all produc
ers, it may possibly lead to a reduction
of tho retailer's extortions and open the
way for a much larger cons mptiou
of fruit, at prices which will pay pro
ducers something better than they now
usually get. For this reason we have
alluded to the subject and noted
progress of tho experiment thus far.-
rai iress, uct. .
It' has boon a common practice to sow
or plant corn for fodder or ensilage en
tirelv too thick. Starch and sugar aro
not ru v (inveionea witnout au aouuu
ance of sunlight, and immature plants
are likelv to contain a very large per
centage of water.
A paradox in California is an annua
fair without a horse race or any kind of
irambling. given at Watsonvillo under
the auspices of the Pajaro Valley agri
cultural fair association. It receives no
ntnte appropriation : encourages the
young by having a juvenile department
with one-half the premiums that all other
departments get, including public school
work; and gives entertainments every
evening during fafr week.
. The Angora goat industry on this coast
has been declining for several years. At
the annual meeting of the Angora goat
breeders' assooiat'on in September the
secretary in his report voiced the senti
ments of tho members in a recommenda
tioh that goat breeders petition the gov
ernment 10 negotiate with Turkey to
Recurs a permit to buy 100 ewes and
twenty-five bucks in Asia Minor, their
exportation being now prohibited, and
that the government maintain this flock
and distribute 1U progeny among goat
breeders at eost.
Why Girls Leave Home to Work.
Fbesso, Oct. 6.
A great deal has been written of late
about the fact that girls are employed
in shot, stores and factories in recent
years to a much greater extent than
their mothers and grandmothers were,
sumi writers deploring the chango and
others apparently regarding It with com
placency If not with satisfaction. Vari
ous supposed reasons liavo been ad
vanced, but I have not seen among them
any reference to what 1 consider tne
great and fully justifying reason for
girls seeking employment outside of
their homes, and that Is the fact that all
kind? of manufacturing work are being
concentrated In factories Instead of being
carried on on the farm and in the home.
When our grandmothers were young
they made butter and cheese, which are
now made with one-tenth the labor at
the creamery and, the cheese factory.
They spun and wove underwear, towels.
napery and bed linen from the Has their
fathers and brothers raised and prepared
for the linen wheeL Now all this Is done
In the factory, where devices of iron
and steel take the places of thousands of
nimble hands. They carded, spun and
wove tho wool from the family Socks of
sheep, knitted the socks and stockings
for tho family, wove the cloth and made
the coats and trousers and woolen shirts
or the men and dresses and petticoata
for themselves. Now all this is done in
the factory and the male portion of the
family Is clad in ready-made clothing,
while tho most the girls can do is to
buy cloth and make np their own gar
ments. They picked berries in summer
and sold them to acquaintances in the
neighboring villages. Now tho village
has become a manufacturing town where
nobody knows as much as his neighbor's
name and the berries and fruits come in
in carloads and families get their sup
plies from Italian retailers or from hoodlum-like
boy peddlers with strong lungs.
The boys on the farms in those days
learned trades, as iihoemaking harness
making, coopering, etc.. and as for car
penter work, every man was his own
carpenter. When a rainy day came, or
a very " cold snap " ia winter, tho farmer
got out his tools and made or mended
shoes for tho family or the neighbor,
made tubs and buckets or otherwise
turned an honest penny. Now the fac
tory does all this work and people won
der why each succeeding census shows
an increase of population in cities and a
decrease in the country In the older sec
tions. "Why do buj leave the farm?" and
"What shall we do with our girls?" are
stock subjects for newspaper discussion.
Boys leave tho farm because thowecupa
tions which used to be found there have
left and tho boys follow them. Girls go
to the factory towns for the same rea
son. But we cannot feel as safe In send
ing our girls out from the home nest
into the great, wide world as wo do
when our sturdy sons start to learn a
trade and seek fortune and anie. We
shrink from the thought of our daughters
being surrounded by the hurly-burly of
the great, unsympathetic city, with no
mother near to sympathize with and
comfort, them when in trouble and coun
sel them when In perplexity. Then help
them to get employment near home,
where they may pehd their evenings at
home. or. if not that, they can at least
come home once a week and remain dur
ing the day of rest.
Let them be schoolteachers, typewrit
ers, bookkeepers, compositors, salesgirls
or what they may. Do not let anybody
deceive you with the lie that these occupa
tions are unwomanly or immodest. Hon
est work Is neither. It is the girl who
is brought up In idleness, because the
occupations once followed in the home
have been transferred to the factory,
who Is in the greatest danger of making
failure of life. The objection that girls
are filling positions that belong to young
men is the vdtiest bosh. A position bi
longs to whoever fills It, as long as he
or she fills it and no longer.
The contention that girls should learn
housekeeping and nothing else tecause
they expect to have homes of their wn
to care for some time may look nice on
paper, but it is not practical. Every girl
If broucht up as she should be learns
housekeeping' be'.ore she is old enough
to learn a trade, and she does not forget
it again. Besides, if thrown upon her
own resources some day, as any of us
may be, they cannot earn a living at
housekeeping without being somebody's
drudge, and girls born under tho stars
and stripes have no fancy ror that. It
Is quite true that any good kitchen girl
can get $25 or $30 a month now, while
in our grandmothers' youth $1 a week
was fair pay anl $1 50 wa3 something
grand, but in tho old days the girl was
treated as an equal, and ato at the table
with tho family, while now she is looked
down upon aa something tolerated about
the house for the convenience of the
family. It you hire an American for
ftlnve vou must pay a good price, and
they are hard to get at that.
Cheap Spongo Cake Three eggs well
beaten, one cupful of sugar, one cupful
of Hour with ono teaspoonful of cream
tartur sifted with It. liall a teaspoonlul
of soda dissolved in three toaspoonfuls
of hot water, dosser tspoontul oi extract
of lemon or vanil'a. Bake about one-
hnlf hour in an oven not too not.
Madamo Modjeska gives her opinion
thua: Red worn below the face deadens
the complexion: worn abovo the face it
hightoiis tho complexion. If, therefore,
a woman wishes to subdue the color in
t.h cheeks she should wear a red gown
or plenty of red ribbons about her throat
on the other hand, if she wishes to giv
her face a certidn touch or color let ner
wear a red hat or red flowers in her
It is a sad fact that every year many
babies are unintentionally starved to
death. Their nursing bottles are alway
full, but tho elements or nutrition in
their food are lacking. Mothers do not
understand that arrowroot, cornstarc
aitd some patent foods will not meet all
the requirements of nourishment. Some
Peach Pudding A peach pudding made
of fresh or canned fruit is delicious. For
this ia reauired about two-thirds or
can of fruit, and dough. Put the peaches
with a little of the Juice in a round ti
mold. A cake mold if not too large will
do. Drop the dough over tne top in
BtHMinfuls and set in a steamer over
kettle of fast-boihng water. Cover closely
and cook one hour. This should turn
out without any breaking, when the
peaches will be on top. Serve with
want, half-cuo of butter rubbed to
craan. one cud of powdered sugar and
ar, ao-cr luuiten verv licht: flavor to taste
This sauae should be soft, but not liquid.
WIT AND HUMPH.
Lo! the poor Indian, whose untutored mind
ilade hi in Miave his whiskers off to disappoint
Of all sad words of tonpue or pen.
The Butidost are those she utters when
You're tried to kiss, and trying-, missed her
And ahe says. "Go practice on ,our sister."
What was Noah's wife's name?"
"Joan, wasn't it?" X. Y. Sun.
Troubles sometimes come pinslr.
afterall; all children are not twins.
How to catch fish is a study. How
to lie about it comes natural. Sew Or
The number 13 is not so unlucky if
you put a mk like this before it:
"How liih are J.he White "Monu
tains?" Tuey varv. From $5 to f 15
a day." A'. Y. JJcrald.
"U. I wish I'd -been a man." cried
Mrs. Bjousou,. "I wish to Heaven you
had!" retorted Mr. Bjonson. Tlie
Atlas carried the world on his back
and not in front of him as it is carried
by jrreat men of the present dav. Dal
las (2 ex.) .Yeu-s.
Little Tnrtle owned Chicago in 1790,
fnt be had so little snap to him that
the place did not grow much while he
was proprietor. Courier-Journal.
"That man made money just by
Lis saud." -What?" -Yes. Hes a
briekniaker." St. Joseph (lo.) AVtcs.
A man never, seldom ever, knows
how to use his own ideas quite a4 well
as the ideas he has -picked np. Dallas
(iex.) Aews. r
A woman can disguise her wrinkles,
debts, and deceptions from a man, but
She can never hide them from another
woman. Atchison (iw.) Globe.
The interesting question m some cir
cles is: How can the depositor retain
is equilihrinm when the cannier has
lit out with his balance? Philadelziltia
Don't be hurt at what vou think is a
lack of sympathy. The spot on your
ose that looks so bhr to you is hardly
isible to any one else. Terre Haute
Editor '"Your poem contaius some
parklinir petns.' Idyl (proudly)
Indeed!" ditor "Yes. you should
have seen them flash when the flame
caught them." The Epoch.
A Louisville pie factory Ls about to
be established in Washinjrton. There
will be no nine months' session of Con
press after this faetory gets in opera
tion. Atlanta Constitution.
Talking Shop Mrs. Snodrras3 "1
think Mrs. Laker must be from Chi
cago." Mrs. Sniveiy -Why?" Mrs.
Snodgrass Because she "says "O,
lard ! "so often." West Shore. -
David Crockett is to have a monu
ment down in Teunessee. This is a
reward lor Lmvv s good. lortune and
foresight in not being buried in New
York City. Pittsburg Dispatch.
It is simple enough to be a great
man; keep your moutn shut, ana when
you see a dollar grab it. Atchison
Globe. Grab it any way and explain
to your constituency later. Aeio Or
We sent onr young boy to college,'
writes a German editor, "and after
three Tears' hard study he didn't know
how to hitch a mule to a wagon and
couldn't run a straight furrow to save
his life. What are these colleges good
"The discovery of America in 149S
was a great erent, wasn t it pa? re
marked a Congressman's son. "Yes,
but it doesn't amount to anything at
all compared to what some of these
politicians are -going to discover in
1S5?2. ' Hasftington rest.
The Semite has put sponges on the
free list. This is like carrying coals
to .Newcastle. No man ever yet spent
an eveniug . with a sponge who doe?
not know that these persons are and
always have been on the free list. 2f.
T. Commercial Advertiser.
Einstein ' "Didt you hear a pout
Cohen? Ven Repecca Sonnesheim
vooldn't marry him, he vent andt took
a krarters vort of morphine. Vat.
fools some men are." Minzberger
"Yasn't he. thousrh? Ten cents vort
vould haf done der pisness chnst as
veil." Tcrre Haute Express.
Bernard Conn, a New Hampshire
farmer's man. was scared almost into
convulsions while listening to a phono
graph in Dover, and explained, when
be came to, that he recognized the
voice of a man he had stuck in a hoss
trade. Conn, science makes cowards
of us all. Philadelphia Ledger.
X recent issue of a weekly paper
published at Colmisneil, Tex., appeared
in rather ragged shape, and the fol
lowing apology appeared in the editor
ial columns: "I he cause or delin
quency of this Paper, this ishure. Is
that J. K. Hamlin, bas been quite ill
for several days, and disable to do of
fice work." Detroit JFree Press.
Tansy, mint, thyme, lavender, sweet
brier, sassafras, sweet fern, sweet
marjoram, and half a dozen other de
lightful aromatic plants once covered
the square in the garden that is now
devoted to cucumbers, cabbage, and
squash. Maud does not want lo come
into the garden any more until she is
fond of vegetables. Dallas f lexas)
At a dinner-at which Archbishop
Ryan of Philadelphia was present, at
Mount Desert, it is narrated Walter .
Phelps said in the course of a discus
sion of the Irish question: But you
must admit. Bishop Ryan, that many
practices of the Irish in Ireland to-day
are treason." "Ah, but treason is
reason in Ireland on account of the ab
sent T." retorted the Bishop.
De Montmorency Smith (hoping, yet
fearing) "Well, Miss Fitz-Maurice, I
await your answer." Miss Fitz-Maurice
"I shall have to say no, Mr.
Smith. It is possible I might learn to
love you in time, but as an American
young woman who owes a duty to her
country I cannot consent to become a
member of the Smith family. It is too
large already." Chicago tribune.
O'Dowd -But. bedad. the day's at
hand, O'Brien, whin there'll be no
tinants in ould Ireland." O'Brien
"An' whin's that?' O'Dowd "Whin
the landlords that's there is all abshen
tees. au' whin the tinants is all land
lords." O'Brien "Arrah, but there'll
shtill be wan tenaut left, O'Dowd."
O'Dowd "An' who'll he be?" O'Brien
'-The Lord Lift-tinaut." Harper's
"It strikes mo, John," observed Mrs.
Billus, "that when yoa arrange for
Your brother Horace to come and
spend the whole summer with us it
looks as if you thought more of your
brother's comfort than you do of your
wife's." "Good gracious, womau!"
1 exclaimed Mr. Billus. "You don't ex
pect me to feel toward you as Oo to
ward my own flesh and blood, do
you?" Chicago Tribune.
Attorney (defending prisoner charged
with swindling) "Your Honor, one of
he witnesses alleges that my client
rung a cold deck oo him. A cold
deck, your Honor, it may be necessary
to explain, is a " Judge (of Mon
tana court, severely) "I be assump
tion that the court doesn't know what
a cold deck is. Mr. Sharp, is an im
pertinence that will subject you to a
tine for contempt if persistetl in. - Pro
ceed with your argument-" Chieaao
The Sunday-school teacher had been
reading the story of the fall of man.
Scholar "You've told us what Adam
said, and what Eve said, and what
Satan said, but that can't be the whole
of it. What did Cbauncey M. Depew
say?" Teacher Chauocey M. De
few?" Scholar "Yes; he always
eomes into the stories the governor
reads in the papers. If yoa can't teil
what Clianncey said the story's no
Zood. I've got so's always" to look for
it hat lie saj s, and I reckon no story's
ttraigbt uuiess he figures in it-"- Uos--'on
SENATOR JONES'S CRUB STAKE,
A Thousand Dollars He Loaned at Miner
Brought Him Million.
Senator Jones, of Nevada, is one
of your se'.f-made men. He commenced
life poor. But a, year old when his
pareat came from Herefordshire. En
gland, he bas made hi3 way to the top
By dint of hard work and the exercise
of considerable shrewdness. Like
Senator Sanders, of Montana, who
made his first ten-strike out of a claim
he staked out" in a graveyard. Senator
Jones first streak of luck was purely .
accidental, as nearly all streaks of luck
The story goes that when Jones was
in California-he stumbled across his
pile ia the following remarkable
manner: He lived in a certain couuty
that Bret Harte made famons--Tuolnmne,
the veracious chroniclers
assert and during the gold excite
ment kept a small grocery store. He
did a thriving trade: prices were high
in those days in California, and after a
few years Jones had amassed a few
thousand dollars. Up the mountain a
piece lived a.solitary miner.' He was
poor, had the reputation of being shift
less, but despite the report was always
busy. . ,
One day be ealled on Jones.
Say, Jones I think I've ot
bonanza in that claim of mine, said
the poor miner.
Jones smiled. He had heard these
stories before. He knew how great
expectations were frequently neve-
realized. Time, labor and money
were usually wasted on what looked
like something rich but that developed
into snares, so Jones merely smiled. ;
It's a big thing," persisted his
visitor, and he proceeded to explain
what the claim was and his reasons for
being so sanguine. After several
hours' talk the miner asked for an ad
vance of f 1,000 with which to bny tools
and' food. Jones demurred. A
thousand dollars was a big enough sum,
saved, as it had been, with much
trouble and labor. Bat afteraU $ touo
eut no figure in comparison -frith the
profits of a good mine. Jones finally
told the miner he would see what eould
After nightfall and the Chinamen
employed in the ' neighborhood had
taken their departure Mr. Jones al
lowed the embers of his fire to die out.
When satisfied no one was about he
?craued away the ashes, ' raised the
stone on which the fire was built and
weighed out the necessary gold dust to
make the $1,000. These little pre
cautions were always taken in that
region, where even robbers were more
plentiful than fortunes.
1 he tools were bought, Jones lend
ing the money and the miner promis
ing him one-third of the profits of the
mine. For months the solitary miner
labored, but he did not strike the lead.
He grew wan and hollow-eyed, and oc
casionally dropped in to see Jones.
The latter had by this time abandoned
all hope of ever "seeing his money
"There's no gold up there." he would
inform the exhausted miner.
"Yes, there is, insisted the latter,
"if I could only strike it."
Affairs were now becoming desperate
with the hopeful but penniless man.
One day he called on Jones an8 after
coughing apologetically, asked for
tome meal and bacon. " He knew he
would be successful eventually with his
search, but provisions were ont. Jones
. "It's like throwing it in a rat hole,,
be cheerfully observed as he dug out a
side of baeon and gathered up a sack
of eorn-meal for his luckless partner
For four months nothing was heard of
the old fellow, and Jones presumed be
bad either gone away or had died at
his post up the gulch. Both suppo
sitions were erroneous. The miner
dashed into the store one day irra
diated with joy. He had really struck
his bonanza. The mine was sold for
13,000.000, and. faithful to his promise,
the honest miner gave Jones one-third
of it- Senator Jones's prosperity dated
from that time. Pittsburg Post.
Giving the Ocean a Show. -
t There is hardly a day but that soma
man comes down to get his first view
of the ocean, and it is always interest
ing to watch him. says the Detroit
Free, Press. Most of them manage to
conceal a great deal -of their surprise
on first beholding the bbunding ex
panse of the white-crested ' breakers,
but your real old farmer is no dissem
bler. One came down the other day
who wa3 74 years eld. and who was ac
companied ov nis wue, almost as oiu
and three sons. Tha five stood in
row on the hotel veranda and gazed at
the rolling deep Jot fully five minutes
before a word was spoken. Then the
old man turned to hiswife and said:
"Well, Sarah, wESt do you think of
"I believe it's bigger'a oar whold.
farm," she replied. -
"Bigger! I guess it is! Han't .lie
purty ? I've alius heard and read of the'
ocean, and here it is at last. It's at
sight worth seein' eh, boys?"
"Yes. father." answered one. -but -
don't see a whale or a shark."
io. nor i either, bu don t be in a
hurry, Henry. Give her time. Sho's
a big tody of water and has got to
move slow. There's sharks and whales
in there as sure as you are alive, but
give 'em a show let 'em have a little
rope. We've got four hours to stay,
and we won't jump on her for a
swindle until we've given her a faif
John Boyle O'Keilly used to say t
he had found the true fraternal a-
to exist at its best in convicts, sol, ' .
and Journalists. ,