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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 26, 1890)
- l- a, -
xhnkt toplease the world Is dullest of his kind for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
VOL IV. NO. 29. ' LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBEU 20, 1690. 82.00 VEli YEAR IN ADVANCE.
IMMORTAL. AN OLD MAID. AN INTERESTING CLOCK.
rill; PACIFIC COAST.
Sealimr This Season Said to be
Half-Breed Indian Maiden Sues
Her Rights, and ts Sustained
-by a Montana Jury.
Utah's population is an In-
crease ot 02,5o5 in ten years.
Extensive codfish lanks have recently
Wn located in Alaskan waters.
The Neptune mining claims at Risbee,
A. T., hav been sola to iew ior par
ties for $30,000.
Nevada Indians predict a mild, short
winter, and will not begin stealing wood
Ynt.hma has been declared an in
fected port bv the San Francisco Board
of Health on account ot cholera.
The California Press Association,
which has been in session at Sacramento,
has adiourned to meet at Nairn next
Representative De Haven of the First
California district has sent in his resig
nation to Governor Waterman, to take
effect November 3.
About one-third ot the entire sealing
fleet is in port at Victoria. Kight seal
era have a total of I .4 skins. This is
nnswtinfactorv. and i,..er scaling will
The new Montague (Or.) roller flour
ing mill commenced operations last week,
and under the influence of an enterpris
ing and active eompettt ton flour dropped
from f-25 to IS per l.iwi.
Agents t Kan Francisco winehonses
re offering f HI per ton for Zinfandel
nina ora in SoilO'lia count V. but find
no takers. Vineyardists are holding off
for $20 per ton for common varieties.
At the cowboy tournament at Albu
oneroue a Mexican named F. M. Kodri
oues of Sierra countv, N. M.. won the
bin nurse in 1 minute 54 seconds, which
is considered very good. At least $20,
000 changed hands.
The street-car men at Salt Lake. Utah
are on a strike. All the cars are tied up.
The strike is for the recognition of the
Carmen 'a Union and for the comininy
instead of the drivers to elean the cars
after they are turned into the barn.
John Charters, a vonng Englishman
said to be the younger son of a titled
family, had his leg crushed by a log at
iravs Harbor a few days ago. He at
first refused to have the leg amputated,
but at last consented. It was too late to
save his life.
The British bark Kate F. Troon was
"libeled at Portland by a sailor for cruel
ties, and while the keeper was away she
left her dock, but a telegram to Astoria
caused the bark's interception, and the
vessel waB taken in charge by a Deputy
United States Marshal. , ,
In the Court of First Instance at En-
eenada, Mexico, judgment has been ren
dered in favor of the International Com
pany of Mexico against Mrs. Burton's
-laim to a large tract of land known as
the Ensenada ranch, w hich has been the
subject of litigation for several years.
A vein of lignite coal seven feet thick
has been discovered about fourteen miles
from Whatcom near the line of the Se
attle. Lake Shore and Eastern road. Mr.
FeM man of New Whatcom is interested
in the mine. A shaft thirty feet deep
has been sunk. The specimens exhib
ited are of a fine quality.
The carpenters working on the Expo
sition building at Spokane Falls struck
because the Board of li rectors found it
necessary to buv a quantity of lumber
from a bovcotteJ mill, not being able to
get it elsewhere. Public indignation
was at once aroused, and prominent cit
izens, bankers, merchants, lawyers and
Oouncilmen. with hammer in hand.
went to the building and engaged in the
work of laying Bhingles on the immense
roof. Scores of other leading citizens
promise to aid in the work.
Martha G. Berdan, whose father (a
white man) was married in California in
1856 according to the Indian customs to
' a squaw, the two living together always
aa man and wife, has just obtained a
victorv in a suit for land at Butte, Mont.
The estate of Berdan, the father, had
been left to his siBter's children, but the
lurv credited the story of Martha G. and
acknowledged her as the legitimate heir
to her father's propertv. 1 he opposition
claimed the girl was illegitimate. There
is much money involved in the suit.
Tn the habeas-comns proceedmirs in
the case of James II. Barry, editor of
the Star at ban r rancisco, J udge an
Kevnegom rendered an opinion and
made an order discharging the prisoner,
Barry was sentenced for contempt of
court to be confined in the county jail
five days .and pay a fine of $500. The
Supreme Court has ruled that the code
now in force provides for imprisonment,
or fine coupled with imprisonment until
the fine be paid. Judge Van Reynegom
says there was nothing to be done but
discharge the prisoner.
A call will soon be issued for a State
convention of delegates from all the va
rious chambers of commerce and similar
organisations in Washington. The call
will include a draft of the best plan of
organization devised bv the committee.
The idea of the organization is to under
take in a systematic manner the adver
tisement ot the State's resources abroad
and to induce immigration to that State.
The call will probably specify Spokane
Falls as the place ot the convention and
some dav in October, the Exposition
month, tne time lor xne convention
The great Wellington coal boycott is
in a fair way of being lifted. Dunsmuir.
who runs the mine, has conceded one of
the main demands of the men, and
shows a disposition to concede others.
R. Dunsmuir is in San Francisco, and
has been conferringwith John Williams,
President of the Retail Grocers, who
acted for the Federated Trades. Duns
muir has conceded the eight-hour clause,
the time to begin when the men report
at the mouth of the shaft and to end
when thev report off work. The other
main question of union recognition there
is little doubt Dunsmuir will concede in
some form or another satisfactory to the
Assistant Secretary Chandler has re
fused to give a rehearing in the case of
the united states against xuouiaa i.
Stinson and -Hugh Park for lands in the
Seattle Wash.) district. Stinson and
Park are the transferees in certain lands
deeded to them by parties making claims.
The government attacked the titles, and
decided that they were not good. The
- original claimants were witnesses at the
trials, and knew that they were decided
against them. They now claim the right
to be heard, saying that they should be
made co-defendants in these cais- The
Secretary says they neglec.teCi to take
thfir dav in court when the case was on
trial and could not now be h ard. The
onlv claim they make to the lands now
is their right" to defend th warranty
deeds they have mania. Sanson and
Park xrillWegjheTaiid, j
A FLOATING ISLAND.
Yermont Pmimih um of tha World's
The floating island In Sadawga Lake.
in the town ot Wbltlngham, Vt., Is one
ot the most remarkable freaks of nature
and one ot the greatest curiosities In
The island contains over a hundred
acres, and it actually floats upon tha
top ot the water. There la no doubt
about it It la not attached to the main
land on any part ot the lake. One can
pass entirely around it In a boat
The fact that it really floats on tha
water was made evident last year. At
that time a stone dam was built at the
outlet of tbe lake over six feet high,
which raised the water a little more
than six feet. When the gates were
shut, and the water for the first time
began to rise in tbe lake, there was
great curiosity to see whether the island
would be submerged or rise with the
water. It-took about frty-elgbt hours
for the water in the lake to rise to the
top of the dam, and it was then dis
covered that the Island presented ex
actly tbe same appearance that it did
when the water was six feet lower.
There la no part of the island that has
ever been more than two or three feet
above the surface of the water. There-
tore if it did not float when tbe lake
was raised six feet by this new dam, it
would have been entirely submerged.
Since the water was raised this great
mass ot land has floated about more
readily than It previously did. Portions
ot it, containing from one to three acres,
have been broken away from tha main
Island, and go swimming around Inde
pendently. There .e four such pieces.
Three of them are close together, and
already fifty or sixty rods to the north
sast ot the main island. Sometimes they
ere Ave or six rods apart Then again
they will be all In a cluster, tbe smaller
jnes floating around faster than the
larger ones, as the wind carries them
The great main hi and, which con
tains over 10 acres, moves about slow
ly. The prevailing winds are from ihe
wuth and west, and after It has blown
hard for a day or two the main island is
found to have changed its pos'VUm sev
eral rods. Some times It will be near
the east shore, and then again it moves
over toward the west. It never has
some nearer than a quarter of a ruiie ot
the north shore.
There is a small forest of tamarack
trees growing upon this remarkable
idand. Some of them are more than
twenty-five fet high. They are in a
kbrifty condition and are of large size at
the butt. Smaller trees of the time
kind are rapidly growing up beside
them. The wonder is how the roots ot
these trees are nourished The lake is
iituated in marshy surroundings on tbe
southwest side, and it is supposed that
there is vegetable matter enough In the
water to keep the trees in a healthy
sonditton. isoston uiooe.
The Legislature of Iowa Passes a
Stringent Tramp Law.
A Scheme to Connect Ike i.ne and me
Ohio River by Means of a Huge
twtnit doctor are quarreling over
their ability to kill diphtheria germs.
The memltershin of the Brotherhoxl
ot IxM-omotive Firemen ia 19.00J.
IRISH COUNTRY LIFE.
A Ceatrlvanoa for rrodoelng Atmos
nharte MoUtnra In Cotton Mills.
It la of the first Importance in textile
factories to have a continuous .and
equable degree of atmospheric moist
ure. In spinning eheds a large amount
of frictional electricity la generated by
the running of the spindles and of tha
machinery generally, and this electrici
ty, If It be not absorbed by moisture In
the air, haa an Injurious effect upon the
yarns and libera. In weaving sheds it
humid atmosphere la ef equal Impor
tance, otherwise there It a wmtlnual
breaking of thread and other prejudi
cial oceurreneea. The necessary diffu
sion of moisture haa hitherto been se
cured at tha expense of the comfort,
and even the health, of the factory
The prospect for pan-tug t nir"K "J the atmosphere and by dampening the
mii a ui - aoora wlUi water. In el
Blowing Up the Iron Gate of the
Many People In Ilohemla and Hungary
Rendered Homeless by Heavy
Storms and Floods.
Tfco Most Enloyb: Extatenoa
I ut Cm I.Mt.
On the whole, the Scotch and Irish are
more pleasant, particularly to a sports
man; the English more dignified, or.
might say, magnificent, on account ot
the sue and appointments of tbe man
sions, and the old historical surround
intra. A great Irish house is more home
ly and genial. The host and hostess
generally talk better; they put mora
tress upon their out-of-door appoint
meats; they have better, or rather more
Interesting, gardens; better-bred horses.
and are readier to put them at your dis
posal. The Irish country house Is mora
natural. If you have not had early
breakfast ordered, and arranged over
Bight tor an early start, you come dowa
to breakfast any hour you like within
reasonable limita (-10:S0). You will
generally find two or three littla
tables ready, various hot things at tha
fire, cold things on the sideboard. You
will find three or four people at break
fast, others gone, some not down. Tha
servants only come when sum
moned. Every body walks round
and helps himself. You are asked
at breakfast what you would like
to do. Will you fish, or shoot,
or hunt, or drive, according to the sea
son, and the professed object of your
visit? You are asked what shall be sent
out with you for lunch. You will be
sent In a dog cart or other carriage, and
some of tbe guests, or the host, will ao
eompany you. If you are a real sport
man, you will work as hard all day as if
you depended upon it for your dinnea
and, indeed, in one sense yon do, tot
you win gain an appetite worth a dinner
by itself, xou bring your own guns.
rods, horses, etc, it yon come for tha
purpose of sport; if you are a fashion-
able man, you bring your own servant.
But if any sudden chance arises, if yoa
happen to come unprepared, there is al
ways some means of fixing you up for a
day'a enjoyment In this way you com
to know the neighborhood as only sports
men can know it; you will study tht
hills, the woods, the pools in the rivei
with a deeper interest than mere curi
osity, when you know that your suooess
depends upon understanding these
things. J. P. Mahaffy, M. A., in UUao-
Why the Trains Walt.
It has probably puzzled many a trav
eler, -who flitting impatiently in a train
has waited for the draw of a bridge to
close which has been opened to allow
some snaillike boat to creep up the
current, why the rapidly moving train
was not given the precedence, as it
could swiftly hurry away. It la not
due to the excuse that the boat cannot
hold itself against the stream, for it
can and does do this frequently. It is
simply the application of the old com
mon law principle of easement. The
boats had the use of navigable streams
long before railroads were invented.
and "when the latter bridged rivers they
did so subject to the former's interest
therein, and for this reason railroad
trains are today obliged to stand back
while the boats pass ahead. All mod
ern conditions would indicate that the
locomotive should have precedence of
the steamer, and the fact that it does
not shows the tenacious grip of custom.
St. Paul Pioneer Press.
A Long Training!
Brown Do you know how lon Robinson
has been keerang house?
Smith No; but it must be a good many
veara. I took dinner with him the other day.
aad he carved a duck without spilling it on
the floor. Harper's Bazar. .
Kiss Gushimrton (enjoying a sleigh ride) '.
think you have a lovely horse, Mr. De Lyle.
About what does such a fine animal cost!
Mr De Lvle Two dollars an how or-
yes, that horse is worth about $800, Hias
Oushin gton. The fepoch.
it ia rotvu-tinl from Washington that
Senator F.varts is threatened with total
I. m-inne has reappeared In New York.
It is stated that over seventy cases were
reported a week ago.
Work haa commenced on the Kelt Une
road for Baltimore. The line Win lap
all the railroads in the city.
A new branch of the Salvatlori Army,
known as the Salvation Navy, is saving
souls along Erie's water front.
The crop bulletin of Iowa estimates
te yield of corn throughout the State
thirty-four bushels ier acre.
Tl. Illinois Hoard of Eouftlizntion is
discussing a proposition to raise the Cook
county assessment $l:M,tHX,000.
T. itiiblic schools of I-argo. I ml.,
were obliged to remain closed on account
of the prevalence of scarlet fever.
Apartment housea have lieen multi
plied to such an extent in New or
that a decline in rent ia imminent.
Sarah IVrnhardt Is to open at New
V.rk in Kehrnarv. and will sail Irom
San Francisco for Australia in May.
IMseased meat has been sold. It is
charged, in Chicago by the linn em
ployed by the Mate to am iunipy-jwi
Jav Could sava excessive railroad con
struction need not be feared. There will
not be much railroad-building as long as
inimical legislation continues.
The Iowa Commissioners have ordered
suits to be entered against several rail
road comianies for refusing to obey the
order in relation to joint rates.
There is a movement to consolidate
the tobacco-warehouse interests of Cin
cinnati and Louisville ana coimne tne
amalgamation to American parties.
It is now said that the vield of the
wheat crop of Michigan will 1 24.K),
000 bushels, nearly a full average prod
uct. This is twice an large as was pre
dicted in July.
Captain Sherwood has been apjwinted
postmaster at Washington. His appoint
ment is a direct recognition of civil-
service rules, aa be h:s been assistant
post inaster for eight years.
Ontside of the New York delegation
all but three of the members of the
House of Hepresentatives express them
selves in favor of the removal of General
Grant's remains to Arlington.
Having puked up most of the avail
able breweries and factories of the land,
the insatiate London syndicate is now
prosecting among our mines. Just now
tin mines are the most attractive.
,U-i.-cs received bv the Ottawa gov
ernment state that notwithstanding con
trfldictorv renorts the damage to the
a heat crop oi tne jormwerji, is mui-u
more serious than is generally known.
A oeeuliar and destructive disease has
ppeared among cattle in Southern Kan
sas, and tne animais are ujmg .
hundreds. A quarantine against South
ern cattle is being establishing in Kansas.
Mni.tr Powell of the geological survey
savs that diamond fields are likely to 1
developed in the United States. He
states that diamonds oi nne water nave
already been found near Atlanta, Ga.,
and in Russell county, Ky.
The House has nased the Senate bill
opening the abandoned military reserva
tions in the Mate oi iNevaua u? inning
stead entrv. This will add over 25,000
acres of the best agricultural land to
Nevada's public domain.
The scheme to connect Lake Erie and
the Ohio river by a Bhip canal is soon to
be presented to Ihe people in tne lorm
i either case dam
age la caused to the machinery and
buildings, while an unhealthy atmos
phere Is created. In which the ojx ra
ti ves are obliged to work.
In order to obviate all tills tha
aerophor haa been Invented by a Ger
man engineer, and la largely hi use In
Germany. The aerophor la an apa
ratus for distributing moisture In the
form of a very fine water cloud, which
may be either cold or warm. The appa
ratus, which la not large, contains no
movable parts, and a single high press
ure pump can work any number of aero
phors. The contrivance, wlueh la fixed
Just under the ceiling at given points,
consists of two separata nozzles, one
for propelling the air by creating an In
duced current, and the other for moist
ening It A Jet of water under pressure
la projected through a horizontal noa
tle iuto a casing in which there la a
vertical nozzle. The Jt from the hori-
contal nozzle causes the induced cur
rent of air to act upon the water enter
ing the casing at Its upper part through
tbe vertical nozzle. The water la passed
into the atmosphere In the form of a
fine, diffusive cloud, the large drops of
water being caught and retained by the
The aerophor will only project Into
the atmosphere such particle of water
as are capable of being absorbed Im
mediately, so that damage to the
machinery or fabric is impossible. In
the same way, the atmosphere not
being supersaturated, there U no Injury
to health. Installations of this inven
tion have recently been pat. up in
several Lancashire mills, one of which,
belonging to the Hurst Mills company,
Aahton-under-Lyne, was recently In
spected by a number of mill owner
and other gentlemen interested In the
production ot textile fabrics. In the
shed inspected there were 4G3 looms
out of the 2,100 at work In the milL
The moistening is there auceeaafully
performed by eleven aerophors, while
ventilation is aided by an aerophor
ventilator. Tbe recording Instruments
showed the temperature to be 78 dogs
Fahrenheit with 75 per cent, of moisture.
Inquiries of the manager and of several
of the operatives elicited but one
answer, and tliat wa one of thorough
satisfaction. Mr. Osborne, one of her
majesty's Inspectors of factories, was
present, and stated Hint the aerophor
met the requirements of the govern
ment and was a boon to the operatives.
He observed that the aerophor, or any
similar apparatus efficiently effecting
the same object, was greatly wanted in
textile factories. Public Opinion.
The outrages in Armenia continue.
The Portuguese Cabinet has resigned.
Iatti will give concerts In this country
next &cao n.
A Cabinet Minister of Health is seri
ously proKd for England.
Russia prottosefl to keep Chinamen out
of I'ssurt by laying a heavy tax on them.
The Federal Council of Switzerland
has decided to recognize the Republic of
The Turkish government will appoint
a cotumiHlon to inquire into the Armen
Marriagf s of convenience, which have
been a liane of wiclal life in France, are
said to be on a decline there.
The Austrian war-ship Taurus, with a
crew of sixty-nine men and four officers,
has loundered til the lilac a sea.
It Is proposed to erect an EiflVl tower
in Melfiourne, and a company wit ha cap
ital of $.'i00.0k) has leen formed for the
Irish anti-home-rule members appeal
for aid f r thirty men in Tipierary
whose business has been ruined by the
Adelina I'atti'a theater on her estate
In Wales, Cralg-y-nos, has lteen com
pleted, and there was an informal open
Roumania and Servia are negotiating
with Vienna bankers for a refunding of
their public debts at more favorable
rates of interest.
A resident of Cevlon savs the Java
roflVe plant is dying out. and this uni
versal breakfast" leverage will soon be
come a costly luxury.
Many people in Bohemia. Austria, and
ilungnrv have lieen rendered homeless
by the heavv storms ami floods, which
are gvneral throughout Europe.
In view of recent developments at
Tripoli the government has ordered the
French Mediterranean and Levantine
squadrons to proceed to North Africa,
The ex-Emperor of Brazil thinks of
settling in Ihe neighUirhood of Vienna,
and negotiations for the purchase of a
suitable aliode for him have been set on
It is rumored in fxmdon that an Eng
lish man-of-war had arrived at Lisbon,
and the officers and men landed were at
.tacked bv a mob ami compelled, to re-
IT walknd the world with bended hnad;
Ttaw Is do thin." h moaning said.
"That mut Dot lomi day Join tha dead. "
Ha aat where rollrd a river dmps
A woman mt hnr down to wimp;
A child lay tn tir lap anlncp
Tha wstom tourhrd th mother's band.
Ilia haart waa tuchni Hapaaaed from land,
But Wt It UtiKhlng In tho aand
That ona kind word, that ona good dad.
Waa aa If ou should plant a amd
la sand along; death's aabta breda
ind locking from tne farther shore.
He saw, where lie hail aat before.
A light that grew; grew more snd mora
Re saw a growing, glnwln throng
Of happy people, white and etrong
With faitli, and Jubilant wltn song.
It grew and grew, thla Uttta aeed
Of good aown In that dar of need.
Until It tom-hed tha atara Indeed I
And then the old man amiling aald.
With youthful heart and lift.- heat,
"No good (Wid erer Joina the load.
. -JocqulO Hluer
of the report of the committee appointed ' n
to investigate and rejwrt upon the prac- "wy, too, is m
ticability and location of the huge canal. on. instead t
TKo Vnrt TVwliw Prcsbvterian Svnod.
comprising twenty-five counties in North
western lowa anu emoracmg Bevemy
two churches, has inaugurated a cam
paign in favor of Sunday closing at the
Columbian Exposition to be held in
The mechanical difficulties in the ap
plication of the new ballot law are at
tracting attention in New York. One ot
the greatest undertakings will be the
printing, perforating and numbering ol
the 8.000,000 official ballots, which must
be done in ten days.
Iowa has passed a stringent tramp
law. It declares that any male person
16 vears or over who is physically able to
u-ork who is wandering around begging
Or idle, and who cannot show reasonable
efforts to secure employment, unau ue
deemed a tramp, sent to jail and put at
hard work. . ,
The latest thing in trusts is reported
from Chicago, where a broker named
RnuwU has incorporated the " National
Tonsorial Parlor Company," with a cap
ital of 25.000. Barber shops are to oe
established in the principal cities, and
tickets of membership issued good for
service for a year.
Senator Stewart has been successful
, . . . i .
in having an amenumeni aiiaciieu u
the House bill repealing the timber-culture
law, which has passed the Senate,
practically putting an ena to tne nuiis
brought by the United States against a
number of mining companies in Nevada
and California for cutting timber on
The manv friends of ex-United States
Treasurer Spinner will hear with regret
that he ia approacning nis ena. in a
letter to the editor of Frank Leslie's II
liintinWl Newsnaner he says that the
cancer on hia face has progressed to such
an extent that there is no hope of hia
surviving much longer. He is 89 years
old, and up to the time when the cancer
appeared had always enjoyed rugged
health. - . .-;. -
Philanthropic and.svalthy Hebrews
are likely to be addressed from Philadel
phia bv the promoters of a movement
now stirring in that city. It is a quick
ening and extension of the Jewish Alli
ance of America, organized some years
ago in Philadelphia, to respond to the
rush of Jewish exiles from Russia and
Roumania. A national organisation of
local lodges and societies is now contem
plated. Membership fee will be fZS.
Tha Kalatluu That nhoald rlUt Brtweea
tha Style and tha Matter.
,Ko romance is any the worse, but far
the "better, for being well written. To
be well written it must be suitably
written, and the style which is excel
lent for a sober, delicate, scientific story
la not so excellent for a tale ot adven
ture. Even the novel-publishing news
papers, aa long as they get their week
ly allowance of incident, do nobgrumble,
probably because the language is good.
Its excellence, however, depends on the'
matter. Elegant and rhythmic English
and dainty and prolonged descriptions
are not in place in a novel of romance;
they cease to be In place as soon as the
separate charm of the style becomes a
rival to the interest of tha story. A
drama may have too much wit, though
uncommon fault, and a
arred when the atten-
of being concentrated
on the action, is claimed by the
manner of the narration. Even in tales
of analysis and science, one often sees
that the author has paused and nibbled
at his pen, while be sought the best, or
rather the most unexpected, word. This
is actually a frequent vice in modern,
especially, perhaps, in American novels,
which aim at style. There are some
readers who prefer these interruptions
and delays; they think them proofs ot
delicacy and of exquisite care. This
appears to tne to be a fault in any work.
Often, it is true, in Shakespeare one is
forced to stop and read again and again
some passage, for the extraordinary,
astonishing beauty of its manner. But
we may be sure that Shakespeare did not
stop as he wrote, and work the thing up:
Shakespeare who "never blotted aline.'
Of course passages may be "worked up, '
and yet may show no sign of it. For
example, there Is a beautiful sentence
tn one of Izaak Walton's "Lives," which
reads in its ample brevity as it it were
quite spontaneous. But several rough
copies of it, none of them good, are
found on a fly leaf of a book whioh had
been in the possession of Izaak.
The error is to employ a research in
style which is inappropriate and tardy.
This is as much the fault of some good
novels in the way of analysis as reck
lessness of taste and even of grammar
is the fault of some books ot adventure.
The worst ot it is that, to a good many
persons, the fault in the former class
appears a merit. When Mr. Stevenson
in his admirable "Master of Ballantrae,"
makes the old Scotch steward talk about
the lurching reverberations of the fire
light" he drops, for once into the error
of style which is too often recognized as
an excellence. At all events, the busi
ness of "heredity," as in M. Zola's long
series of romances, can never, probably,
be much admired by more than a passing
fashion. Heredity ia much too fleeting
and peculiar in its manifestations to be
seized scientifically. It la -about aa
manageable as hypnotism,' which ia
scientific, too, more or less, and is over
worked and tedious. But a novel of
heredity ia usually thought scientific,
while a novel of hypnotic influence is
thought romantic They are about
equally scientific and equally transient.
Andrew Lang, is Longman's Magasina.
The announcement that the German
authorities at Bagamoyo. Africa, have
imnicd a proclamation authorizing t rathe
in -laves is believed in Berlin to be a
The Czarowitz and hia brother. Grand
Duke George, are to start towanl the
end of Octolter from Corfu on a voyage
to India, China and Japan, terminating
at San 1-rancisco.
A Zanzilar dispatch says that Emin
Panha hoisted the German flag at Tab-
ero, captured a lot of guns, ivory and
cattle from Sultan Sike and then pro
ceeded to I sokuma..
Great excitement is caused at Cape
Town, South Africa, by the arrival of a
Portuguese steamer loaded with kid
naped natives from Mozambique en
route to the est Coast.
The work of blowing up what is called
th "Iron Uate of the ihtnutie." tne
great roekv pass on the Servian bonier,
through wnich a navigable channel was
cut many years ago, lias begun.
The total cost of the Ixindon docks
- I ..f atiwl OiUI mUl an. I it
has leen computed that halt of this ex
penditure was sheer waste. London has
no public control over its docks.
A annitarv commission has started
from Rome for Massowah, where deaths
from cholera average fifty daily. Euro-
wans are not affected. Strict measures
aggealloaa for a Marine Barometer.
A suggestion for bettering weather
predictions haa been made by Ca.pt.
Franklin Fox, a well known English
seaman. During January, lsvo, when
terrific galea burst upon the British
Islands, he finds that barometers at
London gave no reliable monitions of
these disastrous cyclones. His own
Idea is tliat the atmospheric power of
rising or depreIng 'the mercury in a
barometer la affected by the amount of
electricity In the air at tlie moment,
and tliat to have strict, reliable weather
glasses we require electric tests of the
conditions of the atmosphere attached
It may be true, as Capt. Fox has sup
posed, that electricity has an effect on
the oscillations of the mercury in the
glass. During the passage of an elec
tric storm over a station the mercury,
for reasons never fully explained, al
most Invariably rise or falls very rap
idly, though it often returns to Its pre
vious level when the storm Is past-
There is little doubt that the electrical
state of clouds, as Lord Rayleigh lias
shown, determines their precipitation.
and the down ru-th of rain, always ac
companied by a down rush of air, will
tend to sustain or elevate the mercury
n effect likely to be Intensified when
the descending air la filled with the
moke and dust arising over a great city.
When, therefore, a great storm is ap
proaching, and clouds in its front are
tn tliat electrical condition which fa
vors heavy and prolonged precipita
tion from them, the effect may very
naturally account for the barometric
phenomenon noted by Capt. Fox. At
all events, the series of experiments
bJcli he proposes could not fail to
throw new and valuable light upon the
degree of reliance to be placed upon
the weather glass. If the Invention of
a reliable marine barometer should be
the result of such experiments it would
tie the means of saving thousands of
lives and ships from the ocean cyclone.
New Orleans Picayune.
I remember when that narrer fan o' hern j
Bed pink cheeks an' eyea so bright they 'peared
An' her soiiles was sweet aa' eaaay 'aUdder stern.
That waa when my noaea waa amnethin' Uraberwr
'An they are of late' 'lea when I railed on bar
Kind utt steady what ye might call tr-gakv.
I Always meant sometime to bid her name tha day
yit aomebow I dldn t do It lent my way
To keen puuin' off I'm given to delay.
Now tha years crep off aa tha wrinkles they
tare's a mighty lly erlttur allck aa atn
Frr to slide out at a loophole small an total
fieems I give the whole thing np, an' think aays I
IMn'i I've II red alone till f obty, reckon my
Life kin bobble on alooe till time to die.
But today soma women gaaaln In tha shade
Of the peach tree yan'ier apoke of Nancy Blade
Bald they reckoned aha waa bora for an eld maidt
I Well, etra! all my blood went b'UIn' at her name!
All thet old lore, hot with pity as a flame.
Bared np till I weut an' tuld her bow It cam
TV I bed n't aat her sooner. Aa somehow -
When I saw her Hat'nta. blttahia' chili to brow
Why, I felt like Ufa waa unly atartln now I
Era Wilder MoQlaaaoa In Buffalo Expraea
The ancient man or woman who
pounded wheat between two stones
knew nothing of the trouble that was
In store for the miller of today. Man's
breathing apparatus waa made to utl
lize pure air, charged with a minimum
of dust. When a man Uvea In an at
mosphere in which flour dust floats
about in large quantities there la bound
to be some part of his organization get
dogged a p. Wlille workers in acid
works are liable to have their teeth
often, and they wear away in a year
or two If not protected, artisans in mills
where metallic dust la In the . air are
very apt to engender diseases that will
be chronic. If not speedily fatal.
The miller Is generally an unhealthy
Individual, unless he be of the old time
ort, who used to ride about the coun
try during three parts of hia working
hours and spend only a little time within
reach of the dust from, his mill stones.
It is not to be supposed that man will
ever be able to get along without the
miller. Such being the case, it Is to be
hoped tliat something more will be done
In the near future to protect his lungs
while at his work than haa been accom
plished hitherto. Hall's Journal of
Tho Hook Agent's Maw Way. -
Book agents follow the motto, "When
everything else fails try tmriosity, and
it usually wins. An old farmer south
of this city, who lias thrown book
agents over the fence, allowed his cu
riosity to lead him down to the gate to
see a bicycle go by. Just as the young
gentleman came up to the gate some
thing went wrong with the wheel and
he stopped to tlx it. The old farmer
kindly offered his aid, and the wily
agent slipped a book into the victim's
hand to hold until the wheel was fixed.
Its Maker Is Prooa of It, hoc Ha Has He
Vf Uh to MakA Another.
In tbe window of a German jewsle
an Court street, Brooklyn, there stands
a brass clock not more than ten inches
high. The passerby who looks through
the window sees under the clock, which
is supported by fonf polished columns
small brass platform, balanced to a
nicety on two pivots in tbe middle, like
an ordinary seesaw. A groove cut into
the surface of tbe brasn runs zigzag
from one end to the other, and on the
path so made a brightly -pdliahed steel
ball, no larger than a ballet, ran nn-
ceasingly. When tbe ball has traveled
from one end of the platform to the
other, zigzagging from side to side, it
strikes a thin steel wire which hangs
from above, and in an Instant the plat
form is tilted np at tliat end and the little
hall, impelled by- the-fqree of .gravity,
tarts back again. At the ttber end it
comes into contact with another wire,
and np goes the platform once mom
Sometimes a big crowd stand around
the window intent on tbe little sphere.
the mystery ' which they find it bard te
F. T. Kraft, who runs the store, has
followed hia trade for many years. One
day six years ago Kraft was walking
down Broadway when he saw a clock in
a jeweler's window with the same de
vice. He stood for an hour tn front of
the glass watching it and trying to solve
the problem of its constrnction. The
proprietor of the store told him the clock
had been made in. England twenty-five
years before, and was the only one of its
kind in exintence. Mr. Kraft's request
to have a look at the inecbanfsm was
met with, a swfuaal, and he went off with
the determination to study it out for
himself.. He worked at it tax month
during hia odd hoars and finally tri
omphed. Then he was surprised to find
bow simple the idea was after all, al
though he found the greatest delicacy
necessary in carrying it out.
Mr. Kraft took the clock from its shelf
in the window to explain its mechanism
to the reporter. The two mysterious
wires which the ball strikes against at
the end of each trip are fastened above
to a long roL, From the upper aide of
this rod runs a strip of steel, which rests
against one of four pins on an escape
ment wheel in the wort. When the
ball strikes the wire it releases this
wheel, which, makes a quarter revolution
to the next pin. On the same axis is a
cog wheel whose teeth fit into those of
another of half the circumference. - The
smaller wheel makes a half revolution
while the other is making a quarter. To
tha axis of this wheel is fastened a rod,
which is attached at its other end to the
platform, which is polled np or down ac
cording to the wire which the ball
It waa in the manufacture of the ball
itself that Mr. Kraft had tbe most diffi
culty. It had to be a perfect sphere to
work properly, and - it wa nrw4 dowa
bit by bit to the proper size. A lmie
The conversation turned from the bi
cycle to the book, and the former waa I gnard rail is placed at each angle of -tha
repaired about the tune the old tanner groove, so that tne ball will not jnmp
for the isolation of natives are adopted.
Th Prime Minister of Spain, believ
ing that free trade is responsible for the
pviIr of the Spanish workingman's post
tion, has recommended a policy of pro
tection for both farmers
For the first time since its foundation
a Jew, Professor Julius Hernstein. has
lwn elected Hector Magnitictua of the
Haile university. Up to within a com
parativelv short time no Jew was per
mitted even to teach there.
Returns that have been made to Par
liament show t hat there are in Great Brit
ain and Ireland 3,800 miles oi inland
navigation, of which 1,000 miles are on
: ........ 1 ry ' mill ,ilaa r.f i-unfl la
A Griwraai Farmer.
Rev. Smith Baker, of IowelL Mass.,
formerly of Maine, while in Suco told
of an experience he once had while
holding a pastorate near Bangor. There
was a well to do farmer who lived on
the opposite bank of the Penobscot
from Mr. Baker's residence who one
spring, whenthe ice on the river was
breaking up, lost a daughter. Mr.
Baker was asked to officiate at the fu
neral, which he did, being obliged to
hire a home and carriage to make the
Journey, the nearest bridge being some
distance up the river. rotlung was
said about paying him either for his
services or his expenses.
A little while afterward another death
occurred in the family. Mr. Baker was
again asked to conduct the services.
which he did, tlus time luring a man to
row him across the river, and again
with no mention of compensation. The
next spring the farmer's mother passed
away. Mr. Baker was obliged to make
the journey as he did the first time by
carriage. Tills time the farmer went to
Mr. Baker and aaid: "Mr. Baker, you
have been very kind to come over
here to conduct these -funerals at
at such an expense to you, and I feel
that it is asking altogether too much.
I want to pay you something. So next
fall, when the apples are ripe, you drive
around and you can help yourself from
my orchard." Lewiston Journal.
II Didn't Tell Hia Parenta.
"I have never been so happy before
In all my life," said Henry Soulen, the
father of a 15-year-old boy who fell
from a fifth story window in the New
Insurance building, and was saved from
a horrible death by alighting upon a
mass of telegraph wires. Mr. Soulen
waa talking about hia son's escape, and.
although two days had elapsed, his
voice trembled with emotion. "I have
was ready to subscribe for two of tbe
latter. When the name was well in
scribed and the bicyclist out of hear
ing the old farmer scratched hia head
In a rather dazed way and said:
"111 be dinged if that ain't a book
agent. " Indianapolis News.
SHOOTING WATER' SNAKES.
ntwn rivers, leaving 2JS00 miles of canals.
the greater part of which are in Eng
land. The Berlin Post says : Germany never
had any intention of unqualifiedly abol
luKinrr oil forma of alnvprv in Africa.
The Reichstag agreed that the measure just been over to the scene of the acci-
would be taken only Dy degrees, wun
due regard for tbe existing order of
A sad spectacle was witnessed in San
tiago, Chili, recently, when hundreds of
Italian immigrants just arrived from Tal
cahuano implored passera-by for alms,
some of the men offering their coats and
shirts for sale in order to procure some
thing to eat.
A number of representatives of Swihs
and other Continental banks recently
met at llerne, under the presidency of
M. Hammer, to deliberate on the
issue of a loan of 40,000,000 francs for
the purchaso of Swiss railways by the
The merchants of Belfast are making
every endeavor to place as much linen
as possible in the United States before
the McKinlev bill goes into effect. The
Majestic, which has just sailed, has one
of the largest cargoes of linen ever
known to have been shipped. Many
shippers are unable to secure freight
The following Cabinet appointments
are announced at Buenos Ayres : Min
ister of Finance, Cane ; Interior, Pine
dosi ; Public Works, Huego. Dr. Plaza
is about to start for London to arrange a
loan to pay off the public indebtedness
c iming due. It is reported that Ca3eres,
President of the Provincial bank, will
It is stated that BarrunduVs widow
carries with her to the City of Mexico
certain papers of her late-husband,
showing that the latter was in "1587 ad
mitted as a protege of Mexioohe hav
ing taken out preliminary Mexican nat
uralization papers. She will seek the
interposition ot Mexico to seirore dam
ages against Guatemala. '
dent," he stated, "and consider that
my boy's escape was simply wonderfuL
The wires upon which he fell are not
more than a dozen in number." It ap
pears that young Soulen did not tell
his parents of hia frightful experience.
"John reached home Saturday even
ing," said his father, "ate his supper,
and acted as if nothing had hap
pened. He thought he might as well
keep quiet so long as he had not been
hurt. In the evening my son Herman,
who had read about the affair while
down town, rushed into the house,
grabbed John in his arms and thanked
God that he was still alive. Then we
heard for the first time of John's fear
ful experience." Milwaukee Wisconsin.
vameraa in sew I or a.
It Is astonishing to consider the num
ber of snap cameras now In use in New
York. Turn where yon will yoa are
likely to run against a man mooning
around with one of these machines.
He is relentless and terrible. He will
take you bo that you will appear In the
worst possible light to your friends if
only he can get you in a good position to
snap his weapon. No cowboy in the
wilds of Texas takes greater pleasure in
punching an ugly steer than does this
gentleman of the gelatine film when
suddenly there bursts upon his vision a
group of boys playing "craps," toughs
discussing politics, Chinamen paddling
about, or a prettjr girl posed on a curb
stone waiting for; a horse car. New
York Evening Bun;
Novel Method to Rid tho Ooeromeot
Fonda of Thoao I'eata.
Water snakes have become such
nuisance to Dr. HesseL curator of the
earn ponds and superintendent of shad
propagation, that be has declared a war
of extermination against them. They
are voracious devourers of young fish,
lying in wait for them in the shallow
water near the bank and gliding stealth
ily up behind each finny victim, which
finds itselt swallowed before It has had
time to fairly realize the nature ot the
tragic occurrence. One snake will con
sume, on an average, at least six iiuie
carp or shad per diem, and at this rate
it will be seen that few of them, with
ordinary appetites, are likely to shock
ingly deplete the stock in a preserve
within a comparatively brief period.
How plentiful these destructive reptiles
are in Dr. llessel's watery domain may
be judged by tbe fact that during tho
past twelvemonth he has himself killed
1,800 ot them.
The doctor's method of killing snakes
Is peculiar; he slays them with a parlor
rifle, which is just like an ordinary
rifle, save that the bore Is very small.
and the ballet and chargs of powder
corresponding. With this formidable
weapon in band, it is the favorite pas
time of his leisure hours to patrol the
shores of the ponds with cautious foot
steps, gazing ahead wistfully until now
and then perchance he sees a reptile
bead protruding from the water. It is
a small mark to hit, but the
distinguished curator a aim is un
failing, and it is his particular
pride always to break the snake's
neck between tbe base of the skull and
the first vertebra. This accomplished.
the prey invapiably gives up the ghost,
and the sportsman looks out for the
Sometimes he invites friends to join
him in this manly exercise, but it is
understood that none of them approach
the doctor in accuracy of marksman-
ship. D.is success may be estimated in
a measure by the fact that he has al
ready cleared tha ophidians out of all
the ponds but ona or two toward tbe
west that are appropriated to carp. He
tays that people thereabout call them
"water moccasins, but that they are
not, in his opinion, actually such. He
knows positively, however, that they
have destroyed millions of his young
fish, which would otherwise have ar
rived at adult age in all probability,
and lived careers of usefulness ia the
world. Washington Letter.
Absent Minded Indeed.
One of our good farmers, living not a
thousand miles distant, thought he would
plant twenty acres of ground in corn,
and, taking the sack which contained his
seed corn, went into the field, put his
corn planter into operation and pretty
anon had the reo uired number of acres
planted, so he thought, with seed corn.
Ent npon finishing hia job, what was hia
consternation and amazement to find his
sack of corn untouched. He had simply
forgotten to put the corn in the planter,
and waa forced to do hia whole work
over again. Lexington (Mo.) Letter.
off. It takes the ball just fi5 seconds
to make the trip, a half second for each
section of the groove. The platform acts
as a pendulum with a five second swing.
The device is only interesting as a novel
ty, as it is more susceptible to changes
in tbe weather than the pendulum clock,
and has to be regulated frequently.
It is interesting to figure out the dis
tance which the industrious little ball
travels from day to day. Every second
it runs 4 2-5 inches, or 23 feet a minute.
This is a quarter of a mile an hour, or
6 miles a day, or ISO miles a month, or
21,790 miles a year, over 11,000,000 feet
Since the clock waa first started the
ball has traveled a distance equal to
nearly three-fourths of the way around
the globe. In that time it has not been
worn to any percepti bie degree, althouga
the brass surface on which it runs haa
been ground off considerably.
I have bad lots of oners tor this
clock," said the old jeweler, as he put it
back on its shelf, "but I wouldn't sell it
for any price. It waa a pleasure to work
out the principle of the thing, but yon
couldn't get me to make another one of
them for a good deal." New York Sun.
Affected dispatch is one of the most
dangerous things to business that can be.
It is like that which the physicians cs.ll
predigestion, o? hasty digestion, which"
is sure to nil tne nouy run oi crnoiues
and secret seeds of disease. Therefore
measure not dispatch by time of sitting,
but by the advancement of the businesa,
and as in races it is not the large stride
or high lift that makes the speed, so in
business the keeping close to the matter.
and not taking of it too much at once,
procures dispatch. It is the care of some
only to come off speedily for the time, or
to contrive some false periods of Dnsv
ness, because they may seem men of dis
patch; but it is one thing to abbreviate
by contracting, another by cutting off,
and business so handled at several sit
tings or meetings grows commonly back
ward and forward in an unsteady man
ner. We knew a wise man that had for"
a byword, when he saw men hasten to a
conclusion: "Stay a little, that wa may
end the sooner." New York Ledger.
Tho Umbrella en tho Congo.
A journal indulges ha pleasantry be
cause an umbrella ma&er in Brussels
puts on his sign the words, "Furnisher
to the Congo state," Perhaps if the
journal knew more about the subject
it would not think it so funny, rio
article sent out to the Congo state,
where there are 40,000,000 of people
and any number of small potentates, is
so-popular or sells so readily for a large
sum as the huge gay nmbrella, of
which Brussels now produces toas
every year, these umbrellas are in a
certain sense the insignia of royalty.
that is they are much prized by the
black kinglets who sit beneath their
grateful shade. What the canopy used
to be to the traveling monarchs in the
time of the crusades the nmbrella ia to
the innumerous feudal chieftains of
the Congo today. The accredited mr?
I re 11a. makers in Brussels are acquiring
fortunes. Boston Journal.
A Difference and a Distinction.
Caller Is the proprietor in?
Wit Clerk Yes, sir.
Caller Are yon the gentleman?
Wit Clerk Yea, air; but the proprie
tor is In the art room, ril call him.
The leaves of the pawpaw tree are
employed by the negroes In - washing
linen, as a substitute for swap. They -
bave also the property of rendepn
meat wrapped m teem. tenaer,irwirg
to the alkaloid papain whichji&y eon
tain, and which acts aa" a esaVvenl. ' i
Borrower" i oa tg very kind to
lend me these ?5vf feel aa it I can
never repay . yo-V3 - Lender ."Eh?
i uy m m i a vo maJ uafe at
Irs tr Keys S