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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1890)
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NVho thinks to please the world Is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half Is yet behind.
LEBANON, OUEC.OX. FRIDAY. APRIL, 4, 1800.
OKl'ICR; Between t. T. Cltoti and
Peterson & Wallace,
I.RilANON, - - '.stiCOX.
J. K. WKATHHRFORD,
Office over First National Bunk,
ALU ANY, - - OREGON.
J. M. KKKNK, D. I. S.
Office: Broymatt Bixw,, Building,
jST"Honrs from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M.
V. R. MLA'KU,
ALBA N V, OK KOON,
h. H. MONTANYK, j
NOTARY PUBLIC. j
A.UWANY. - ; UREOON.j
Will practice in all Courts of the State.
Kj. M CAUvSTLAND,
CIYlif ENGINEER SURVEYOR.
Draughting and Blue Prints. ;
Office with Oregon Land Co., Albany, j
Sewerage System and Water Supplies
a Specialty. Kstates Subdivided. Mas !
made or copied on short notice. j
R. L. McCLURE,.
Successor to C. H. H rmVS V
Barter : anil : Hairdresser,)
S HA VINO. HAIR CUTTING ANI
Shampooing in the latest and bes j
style. Spx-J-d attention paid to dressinc
Ladies' hair. Vour patronage respect, j
tally solicited. ;
DR. C. II
T-. J A.. V A N.
J. M. RALST "
Bank of Lebanon
Transacts a General Banting Business, s
KEPT SUBJECT TO
Exchange sold on New York, San
yro, l'ortiand and Albany, Oregon.
Conectiou5-nra;te on lav ;ra le terms.
" ED. KELLENBEBSER, Pronr.
Fresh & Salted Bef, Tork, Mutton,
- - Sausage, Bologaa, anJ Hani.
Baeor) aod Card plvuays or arjd.
Main Strec', lernon. Or.
s "v r--vL'f f f:
vr. -: ' ; ,
.Si NOBVEST AND LARGEST STOCK OF
&ITIMII N G
the Corkty. is now to be
MERCHANT TAILORING A SPECIALTY.
MriK. A. Sv'Hkkfleii, is an expert, ami has charge of this tle-
partiuent. We guarantee satisfaction.
MY1 SPRING STOCK
DRY GOODS, DRESS GOODS,
r - - Notions, Stockinet Jackets, lira Jed Gaps,
Ladies and Children's Shoes,
j lias arvivetl. I have also received my Spring Stock of
filEN'S, YOUTHS' & BOYS' CLOTHING, FURNISHING GOODS,
BOOTS, SHOES, ETC.,
J or which we can y ft Full ami Complete Line, ami will not he un-
M. Come and see u
THE YAQUIHA RODTE. I
nprartTl PiPTVin RAILROAD.
qs Se?elGDieat Zmm'i steamstlp Line.
! 225 Shorter, 20 Hours Less Time
1 Than by any other Rome. j
FIRST-CLASS THROUGH PASSENGER
AND FREIGHT LINE
From IMrtlani) and aH points iu the Willamrtte
Valley to ami from Sau Francisco. Cal.
oregon pacific railroad.
TIME SCKDVLK. (Kicept Sundays.!
I.v Allny imp. m. I I.v
l.v Corvallis lop. ra. I 1.x
Ar Vaquina 5:30 p. m. Ar
Vatiuina 6:45 a. m.
Cor-oUis 10. a. m
Altmny ti .to a. m.
O. & C. trains connect at Albaiix and Corvalli.
The abovt trains conntrct at Yaqnina with the 1
OrripH) J cit-IoMuent Comnny s hue 01 hleam
rtiii between Vaquina ant San Franciwo.
j from s. I
I fm vaiji-1!a.
I March h.
This company reserve the right to change sail
inn dates without notice.
Passengers from Portland and all Willamette
Valley points can make close connection with the
trams of the Vaquina TMHe at AltMny or ton-al-lis.
and if destined to sun Francisco should ar
range to arrive at Vaquina tile evening lefore the
dale of sailing.
Passenger and Freight Rates
Always the Lowest.
For particulars apply to
C ' H HASWKLL. 1 C. C. HOGCF..
Genxl Fr't Kc l-ass Agt I Act g t.en. F. & l Agt.
trt4on level'pm't Co. 1 t. '- R. R. R. Co.,
Leave Corvallis Monday. We.lnes.Say, Friday,
6 a. m. Leave Albany e:"w a. m. h .
Arrive Salem, Mondav. Wednesday. Friday, j
p m. Leave Salem, Tuesday, Thursday, Satur
day, 8 a. m.
Arrive eortland, Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday,
3:30 p. m
- - SOt-TH"BOl"Nl.
Ijraw Portland Monday, Wednesday, Friday,
Arrive Salem. Mondav. Wednesday, Friday,7:i5
p. m. Leave Sa'.eni, Tuesday, Thunalay, Satur
day, 6a. m. I-ave Albanv, 1 :.io p m.
Arrive Corvallis Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday.
iran-MilM- My Tic na. the W. T,. Donrtma
shora without name and prtea atainped oa
Ike bottom, put biiu down M m fkuO.
W. L. DOUGLAS
ltMt In tlx. wnrlil- TtiikImi III.
85.00 KENF1NE HANI-SK V EI SHOE.
S4.00 MANO-SEWI-.U WELT SHOE.
3,50 IMlI.ICJi AND FARMEKS' SHOE.
i.50 KXTKl VAI.ITE CALF SUOt.
4.2.1 WOl: KINGMAN'S SHOE.
k2.IK) nl Iftl.tS BOYS' SCHOOL SHOES.
All made -'onr rcss, fin turn and Lace.
17. L. DOUGLAS
Beat Material. Boot Stvln. Best Fitflne.
tl imH sold v . our dealer, write
W. L H LOLAS. BKOCKTON. MASS
- ' i , "-"lis ,9J -Rvvtr
Seen on the Counters of
wo wouM he ghnl to show
the right price.
and we will treat vou well.
G. T. COTTON,
-: HHAI.KR IN :-
Prnneirioft nnrT nrmnninnn
Ill Uuul 100 ml il U I IDIUlljj.
TOBACCO and CIGARS,
Forcip ami Domestic Fruits,
CDM'lvCTIO n l-: K V ,
yueensware and lilassware. Lamps and
1'Mya C'ejs.lt fr I C u
Main Street, Lebanon, Oregon.
1IIh, Drums anil Hwords.
The doll is thoiisands of yrars old;
it has Imen found inside the graves of
little Roman children, and will be
found ajrain by tins nrchadogists of a
future date among the remains of our
own culture. The children of Pom
peii and HerculantMim trundle hoops
just as you and I did; ami who knows
whether the rockint; horse on which
we rode in onr vounjr days is not a
lineal descendant of that proud charger
into whose wooden flanks the childreu
of Francis I.'s time dug- their spurs.
The drum is also indestructible, and
setting time at naujrht across the cen
turies, it beats the Christmas-tide and
New Year Biimmons that bids the tin
soldier prepare himself for war. and
shall continue to la-at as long as there
exist bov amis to wield the drumsticks.
and grown-up people's cars to hedoafeii-
etl by the sound thcreor. lhe tin sol
dier views the future with calm; he will
not lay down his arms until the day of
general disarmament and there i.s, ad
yet. no prospect of universal peace.
The toy (-word also stands its ground;
it is the nursery symliol of the ineradi
cable vice of our race the lust for bat
tle. Harlequins, fool's-cap-crowned
and bell-ringing, are also likely to en
dure; they are sure to be found among
the members of the toy world as long
as there are fools to le found among the
inhabitants of our own. Gold-laced
knights, their swords at their sides,
curly-locked and satin-shod princesses,
"stalwart musketeers, mustached and
top-booted, are all types which still
hold their own. The Chinese doll is
: youug as yet but she has a brilliant,
future before her. Ulackwoott's Magii'
An Indian's Memory.
; "How long is it," I ouce asked one
of these Northern Crees, who as guide
: was directiug our steps as we were
i struggling along in the bitter cold in
i the wild Nelsou River country north
j west of Hudson's Bay. "since you trav
1 eled through this land? You seem to
j know every portage and crossing and
' you strike the points you say you will,
j although for days I have not seen the
least vestige of a trail or pathway or
I the slightest evidence that human bo-
ings have ever penetrated these wilda
j '-Missionary," he replied, "I never
j made this trip but once before, and
j that was many winters ago, when I
i came this way with my father."
Great indeert was my astonishment.
I as for days I had admired his skill and
! judgmCm., as with never failing accur-
I acy he had cheerily led us on through
FACTS ABOUT FINCER-RINCS.
A HUtory ofth. !' r ThU Well-Known
The prat-lice of wearing finger-rings
has been almost uuiversal from an
early period in the world' history.
There is n tradition which asoribes
their Invention to Tubal Cain, and the
Latin authority 'ho Hvcs currency to
the story spenklng of the wedding cir
clet, says: '-The form of the ring be
ing circular that Is to stay, round anil
without end Inmartelh this much, that
mutual love and hearty affection should
roundly flow from one to the other, as
in the circle, and that continually and
forever." The tlrst authentic reference
to linger-rlngs occurs in the old Testa
ment, where (Genesis xxxviil.) men
tion is made of Judah's signet-ring.
That they were also in use among the
Egyptians at that time is evident from
the 41st chapter of Genesis, where we
read of I'haraoh taking on his own ring
and pulling it ujMin Joseph's ha ml,
when he made hhu "ruler over all the
land of Kgvpt."
The ha mis of female mummies, found
in the tombs of Kgypt, are profusely
covered with rings; the wealthy laities
of that country wearing eostlv ones
upon nearly every linger, whife their
poorer sisters had to content them
selves with circles of bronze, glass, or
Imttery. The ancient Chaldean., the
ersia'ns, and according to Herodotus,
the ltabylonians wore rings; and It is
proimble that from Asia they were in
trtHlueed into Greece, lit the later
Greek legends the ancient heroes are
spoken of as wearing them, and at a
more recent date every freeman
throughout Greece seems to have had
The earlier rings aptear to have
been used not so much for ornament as
for the practical purpose of atllsing
seals; but later on they became merely
ornamental, and were set with precious
stones. The Romans, who are be
lieved to have derived the custom from
the Sabines.wore signet-rings of iron
as was the case with the Lacedaemon
ians -and every freeman had the right
to wear one.
Ambassadors In the earlr years of
the republic used to wear gold "rings as
juirt of their official dress; this jus nn
nuli aurel being afterwards extended to
Chief Magistrates, Senators, and, later
on, to eijuites. Kmperors were wont
to confer this right on those whom
they wished to favor, and the privilege
became gradually more and more ex
tensive, until iu the time of Justinian
all Houiaii citizeus could avail them
selves of It.
The later Romans used to wear
many rings uhiu their lingers, some
even having different ones for summer
and w inter, m hile the height of 'dan
dyism" was reached by those who
never wom the same ling twice, but
threw it away hen once it had doue
service. Svi- amt Queries.
The New OVoton Aqueduct.
From an article in theCVwMrt.on the
alove subject, we tniote the following:
"Comparpared with other tunnels, the
new aqueduct is easily at the head of all j
works of a like character in the world, j
The cities of Chicago and Cleveland j
are each supplied with water through j
tunnels extending out into a lake. The
first Chicago tunnel is ft feet in diame
ter and 10. IC7 feet long. The second
tunnel is 7 feet in diameter and 3L4'.H
feet long. The Cleveland tunnel is
only 5 feet In diameter and C061 feet
long. All of these tunnels were laid
in comparatively soft materials. The
Baltimore water supply includes a rock
tunnel, twelve feet in diameter and
seven miles long, and is lined w ith
brick-work for alxmt two miles. The
old Roman aqueducts were several of
them longer than the Croton Aque
duct, but they were all very small, and
were merely masonry conduits a few
feet in diameter. The Liveriool water
supply is couveyed by an aqueduct
about twice as" long as the Croton
Aqueduct, but it is mainly a surface
aqueduct, there being only a little tun
nel work. A portion of "this aqueduct
is merely a pije line. The supply is
from a reservoir formed, like that at
Croton or at Sodom, by building a dam
across a narrow gorge in a valley
among the mountaius in Wales. The
dam is larger than that at Sodom, be
ing 136 feet high, while that at Sodom
is only 78 feet. Compared with the
proHsed dam it will be small, as the
new dam is to lie over two hundred
feet high, and will be the highest dam
in the world. The aqueduct tunneL
when compared with railroad tunnels,
is a little smaller iu diameter than the
three most famous tunnels, but is very
much longer. The Hoosac Tunnel is
only 24,000 feet long, the Mont Ceitis
is 8 miles long, and th. St. Gothard
9 1-2 miles long, while the new Croton
Aoueduct, as we have seen, is nearly
30 miles long
Asleep In a Churchyard.
An old mau who sleeps by the road
side vonder. and tiiwn whose tomb are
the familiar lines beginning "Rem
ber me as you pass by, spent the
greater portion of the last ten years of
his life by his wife's grave, lie came
in the early morning, and after remov
ing any microscopic weed that might
have showed itself since the previous
evening, would light his pipe anil solemnly-
contemplate the stones in his
vicinity. He went regularly to his
meals, and as regularly took his after
noon nan on the grass by the grave
side. Shortly before his last visit to
the cherished spot he requested me
to decipher for him the dates upon seV'
eral of the firravestonos; and we con
versed about many whom we had
Lnnun in life and who had passed
awav. I remarked that the ciuirch
varJ was a very pretty place and his
face lighted up as he rejoined: "Ah,
mester, I have always thought that
I should like to be buried here, for,"
i looking around, "you see, there's such
1 a splendid view from here." This was
uttered in good lailli ana me oiu man
seemed convinced that neither coffin
lid nor churchyard clods would obstruct
his view. 1'eihaps tliey aon ii in
few brief weeks he came to his favorite
haunt to Slav. "Poor old William,
the flowers o"n your grave have run
wild long ago aud no one seems to re
member "you as they pass by. Cham
Reserved Seats in Mexico.
You don't have to bother securing
reserved seats in some of the Mexican
theatres, for there are no seats at all
You just send your servant ahead with
one of your own chairs, and he does all
the hustling necessary to secure a good
position. Ii you doc t have a servan
or a chair t available, you can hire i
chair at the door for 0 cents from an
old woman who, as you iv her. will
I murmur. "Give me a cigarc'.- Hnor.
I for God'a sake," in
A Landslide Near Vaquina tncarlliH
a Vein of Coal. 0
HAM) OK HonSKTIIIKVKS MSC0V Kit F,I.
Klleitsburg, i'urry Co., Wants to ('limine
Hack to Utiht Item h.
Snohomish is soon to have a telephone
I-exinntim wants and prolmhly will
have a bank this summer.
The indications now (Mtint to a splen
did jteach crop along the Hnike rivei.
Mmlflat proerty on Coos bay is low
selliit K at the rate of a little over .:iKI an
A larger amount than usual of sprinjr
grain will !e sown iu Morrow county
The warm weather lias bi.d the ellWt
of reducing the price of hay In the I'a
A four-nuisleti schooner will l built
on Cooa bay this sprint;. It will lie need
in the lumber trade.
F.lletisbiirv'li will soon have a new
25,(1(10 school building, which will be
erected in the public park.
Coqtiille City lias orjraniiied a Hoard of
Trade, with A". W. .Mc.Vrthur, president,
and A. J. Mierwood, secretary.
The total amount of taxes for the cur
rent year in Maker county is -Vt,000. In
I'niou county the total is" 7?,tHJ.
Mr. 11. It. Luce, of Ilillsboro, lias pone
to Fort Townseiid to accept a position as
assistant editor of the leader of that
A biff land-slide t wo and a half miles
from Ynqnina City uncart bed a vein of
coal, wliirh ex-rt pnniounce to lie ex
cellent in quality.
The O. R. A S. branch
Pari lie system last week
of the I'nion
wtid -.:;'.- in
Lmon and !::,-.:! in Faker county as
taxes for the year.
The fieople of Fairfield, a small town
south of Rockford, have ex pressed theni
selvei against the admission of Chines
into the community.
Sheriffs of the various counties are
busy now i:atherini; in the taxes all over
the state. tin Saturday last Sheriff"
llirdsey collected $(i.ri(0 at Ashland.
Sixty men, ambitious for such mili
tary glory as may be a bieved in time of
eace, have siunitled their intention to
oruanir.e a militia company at Flletis
burgtt. The pnrresive citizens of Ijttiiamle
are actively pushing wotk on a lare
numtier of new buildinpt, the eWtrie
liybt plant, the aitesiau well and the
Vancouver need a new school build
ing in Ibe eastern sect ion of the town,
flie city building lias lieen so crowded
that an additional room lias been fitted
up in the basement.
The farmers of Crook county are con
fident of raising sutlicient wheat this
year to supply all home needs. This is
an excellent idea, as it will retain in the
domestic field at least 150,000.
Frankfort, In Pacific county, almost
opMtite Astoria, is the latest in the way
of new towns. Its projectors 1ioh tbut
it may be destined to become the
lnetroolis of the lower Columbia.
A number of imiitiilist eonlfiiinlute
the establishment of a t-"0,000 brewery !
at Ashland. The production of the nee-;
essary raw material ami employment of j
many men would prove a good thing Fr j
that locality. j
Stockmen have discovered a regularly !
organised band of borsethievesnear Pine ;
uv in the Rig Rend country. One of
the gang, a young cowboy, has been
caught and confessed. A jiosse is out
after the others.
The Harney Items, published at
Burns, has leen enlarged to a live-col
umn quarto. It deservps its present
prosperity for the relentless manner iu
which it has waged war upon swamp
land-grubliers in that section
W. V. Wright, the surveyor of Polk
county, has commenced the work of put
ting in mile posts between Salem and
Pallas. Hum example should he fol
lowed by every county surveyor in the
state on every public road that needs the
The citizens of F.llensburg, Currv
county, are verv anxious to have the
name of their town changed back to
Gold Iteach. A i-etition for making the
necessary changes in the nstotlice has
been forwarded to Congressman Her
The Pasco Headlight informs the!
world that ISO emigrants from the Hast 1
arrived at Wallula one day recently, a!
few of whom were headed for the Sound, j
but the greater number were latuud this
way. some having the Palouse country ;
for their destination. i
A gentleman acquainted with the
sheep industry of Lincoln county isie-
iiorted as having stated tliat before win
ter set in there were 40,801) sheep within
the hounds ot that county, and that
10,875 tierished during the winter leav
ing a remaining balance of 2'.),!25.
After careful inouirv among residents
of every ortioii of the county, states the
Wallowa Chieftain, we have concluded
that stock losses in this county during
the past winter will not be more than 2
per cent, of horses, 5 er cent, of sheep
and from 10 to 15 ier trent. of cattle.
The Times-Mountaineer states that a
person attempting to plow his farm near
bufur was surprised to see his horses
8 nk in the soft ground almost to their j
s loulders. lie managed to get them !
n it unit returned to bis limine lh hhvs
t ie ground is so wet in places that it is
i n possible to plow and plant it.
The Board of Trade of Douglas coun
ty, in the Big Bend country, is doing the
handsome by sufferers from the severj
winter. Many farmers were compelled
to feed the grain saved for seed in oider
to save their stock, and the Board of
Trade isVtupplying the deficiency from
their own pockets.
Thirty feet of snow is reported at the
head of Rock creek, about ten miles
southeast of Gatesville Or., says the
Jacksonville limes. Atvnat point ixuis
r inner, oi Meuama, nai)ei a hoard to
tree at snow level in
J3 t'r crtviiitiil
ui ooarii j
j NYE'S BRILLIANT CAREER.
J Hilt THU Ilia Story of Ilia Life How Il
Itill Nye was recently approached for
: sketch of his career. Unwilling to
'trust to the tender niercle of a biog
jraphcr for a faithful presentation of
j his noble deeds, the king of humorists
j Is-tni-s the following autobiography:
j -Kdgar Wilson Nye was born In !
, Maine in 1H.VI, Aug. "25, but at two
years of age he took his big parents by
i the hand aud, telling theui that Pis- j
j eataquis County was no place for them
i ho boldly struck out tor St. Croix
j County, Wisconsin, where the hardy
, young pioneer soon made a home
i for his parents. The first year he drove
j the Indians out of the St. Croix Valley,
J and suggested to the Northwestern
i Railroad that it would be a good idea
i to build to St. Paul as soon as the com
' pany could get a grant which would
I pay them two or three times the cost of
i construction. The following vear he
adopted trousers, and made 175 from
j the sale of wolf scalps. He also
cleared twenty-seven acres of land, aud
i raised some watermelons. In 1H54 he
established and endowed a district
' school in Pleasant Valley. It was at
this time that he began to turn his at
i tent ion to thi? abolition of slavery in
the Sot th nnd to write articles for the
j press signed "Veritas," in which he ad
i voeated the war of 1800 or as soon as
! the government could get around to it.
j "In 1855 he graduated from the farm
; and began the study of the law. He
! dill not advance very rapidly in this
' profession, failing several times in his
examination and giving bonds for his
pearance at the next term of court.
e was, nowevcr, a close student ot
political economy, and studied er
t soual economy at the same time till
j he found he could live on 10 cents a
' day nnd his relatives easily.
! "Mr. Nye now began to look for a
j new country to build up and foster,
aud as Wisconsin had grown to lie so
'thickly sett led in the northwestern
part of the state that neighliors were
; f requeiitlv found as ner as live miles
apart he broke loose from all restraint
i and took emigrant rates for Cheyenne,
: VVy. T. Here he engaged hoard'at the
Interocean Hotel ami licgan to look
: about him fur a Hisitioii in a bank.
: Not succeeding in this, he tried the law
and journalism. Hi: did not succeed iu
1 gftting a job for some time, but finally
' hired as associate editor and janitor of
i the Laramie Setttitul. The salary was
sms.ll but his latitude great, ami he
' was Hrmitiel to write anything that
She thoiirht would please eople,
; whether it was news or not.
"Ity ami by he had won every heart
! by his gentle", patient jioverty aud his
j delightful parsimony with regard to
j facts. With a hectic imagination and
' an order on a restaurant, which adver
: tiseil in the p.'tM-r, he scarcely cared
i through the livelougduy whether school
; kept or not.
He is the father of several very
Itcaniifttl children by his first wife, who
is still living. She is a Chicago girl,
ami loves her husband far more than
he deserves. He is pleas.mt to theout
f side world but a perfect brute in his
j home. He early learned that In order
I to win the love of his wife he should be
; erratic and kick the stove over on
i the children w hen he came home. He
! therefore asserts himself in this way,
j ami the family love and respect him,
i being awed by his greatness and gentle
He eats plain food with 1th hands,
i conversing all the time pleasantly with
any one who may be visitiug at the
! house. If his childreu do not behave,
' he kicks them from licncath the table
' till they roar with pain, as he chats ou
with the guests with a bright and ever
: flowing stream of bon mots which
j please and delight thtse who visit him
to that degree that they almost forget
that they have had hanfly
"Iu conclusion. Mr. Nye is in every
resH ct a lovely character. He feared
that injustice tiiiirlit be done him. how-
ever, iu this biographical sketch, aud
so he has written it himself."'
Sleep In Pajamas.
The old-fashioned .night-shirt is be
ing rapidly supplanted by pajamas,and
this is a very sensible revolution, says
the N. Y. ISwM. The sudden change
from complete street or house dress to
a thin sheet of linen or cotten or silk
was productive not only of colds, but
of rheumatism aud often of pneumonia.
Draughts strike the legs of a person
who wears a night-shirt, and the legs
are very sensitive lieeause they are at
all other times heavily clothed.
Then, again, such is the flighty na
ture of an old-fashioned night-gown on
a restless sleeper that it is always apt
to work above his stomach and expose
it to sudden chilling, ami that is often
fraught with serious results. If you
will wear the old-fogy night shirt,
wear a flannel band about the waist.
The pajania not only insures a cov
ering for the legs the night through,
but it guards tle iKiwels.too. And it is
incomparably better in case the sleeper
should be called suddenly to get out of
bed. In a suit of pajamas a man can
always be called "clothed." to a cer
tain extent. In a night-gown he is al
ways an old-womanish-looking fright
and uncompromisingly unpresentable.
Physicians do not "think it matters
much to a healthy person whether
pajamas are made of silk or flannel or
iiuen. But those who are in iipor
health or ndvanced in years would i
doubtless do well to wear none but
The Progress or Languages.
The progress of languages spoken by
the different nations is said to be as
follows: English, which at the com
mencement of the century was only
sjiokeu by 22.000.000 of people, is now
spoken by 100.000.000; Russian is now
siokon by 68,000,000 agaiust 30,000,000
at the beginning of the century. In
1801 German was only spoken by 35,
000,000 of people, to-day over 70,000,
0H) talk in the same language that
William II. does. Spanish is now used
by 44,000.000 of people, against 30, 000,
000 iu 1800; Italian by 32.000,000 in
stead of 13, 000. 000; Portuguese by 18,
000,000 instead of 8,000.O(K). This is
for English an increase of 312 per ceut;
for Russian, 120 per cent; for German;
70 per cent; f r Spanish, S6 per cent,
In the case of French the increase baa
been from 34,000,000 to 46,000,000, or
SO per cent.
A Boy's Composition.
The following is an extract from a
real composition written by a small boy
in rJ ew Jersey. J. he subject given by
the teacher was the extensive one of
i -Mun." Here is what the small
; boy wrote;- "JJi- a wonderful
i animal, lit"-"'
a ! ilia ears aret '
! is '
Illinois, Kentucky and Mfssourl Low-
XEISKOEH TAKEN HHI.M JAIL AM) SHOT.
Wirf Nail Mills Hose Down. Ttaw Per
son Killed by ft U. P. Train.
Two thousand grain ixirters employed
on the docks at li verpool have struck
for higher wages. -
The tireslivterr of Jersetr Citv baa de
cided in favor of the proosed revision of
the confession of faith.
Sappington'i Place, a hamlet on the
Mississippi in Arkansas, is under water,
but no livea have been lost.
The French government has decided
to occupy Whydah. a province of la
bouiey, on the slave coast.
Tlie Missouri anti trust law has teen
declared unconstitutional bv Judge Dil
lon, of the circuit court, at St. I-euis.
Ex-flov. Stick of Kansas declares that
no man should lie permitted to make
I,KI,OIO a year. Another blow at the
The city council of Toronto have de
cided to invite the Woman's congress of
the t'nited States to hold its next meet
ing in Toronto.
Tiie Mersey dock lioard lias decided to
improve the entrances to the north docks
at Liverpool. The improvements will
An advance of ten shillings a month
has been matte in the wages of liver
pool steamship firemen and seamen, and
the men will not ttrike.
A shortage of several thousand dollars
has been discovered in the a-ounts of
ex-City Treasurer llansher of I -a Porte,
ImL, who died recently.
The fire in the Morsa (Wales) colliery
is spreading. There is no hofie of reeov.
ering the bodies. The latest estimate is
that at least 10 1 were killed.
The lowlands in Illinois, Kentucky
and .Missouri along the Mississippi are
all submerged, but no wqiorts of suffer
ing or damage has tieen reorted.
A verdict of murder in the first degree
lias leen found against Base Ball Player
James J. Slocmn, who murder d his wife
in New Y'oik on New Year's eve.
A thief at Dallas, Tex., broke a plate
glass in the front of a jewelry store and
made his escae with a tray containing
5,000 worth of diamonds ami rings.
Iird Salisbury has notified Emperor
William that he declines to favor any
scheme by the lalw conference lookin-s
to the legal restriction of the hours of
Neville H. Pickthall, who was sup
posed to have lte murdered bv Bur
cbell, under arrest charged with tfie mnr
der of Ben ne II, has been heard from in
The wire nail men of the United
States, with few exceptions, have closed
their mills and announce that tbev will
not resume operations again until the
The English syndicate now forming a
terrapin and shrimp ttnst in the South
mar possibly get along all right, but if it
tactles the eels there will lie some tall
Bell Allen and Witherford Trying, two
negroes charged with the mnrder of Con
stable Belcher at Princeton, W. Va ,
were taken from the jail bv a mob and
shot to death.
Ni-t withstanding denials it is stated
that Herr Tisza, the Austrian prime min
ister, has resigned ami that t. ount Sr.a-
nary has formed a cabinet, in which he
takes the interior portfolio.
Frank H. Tomkins of Boston, an artist
of high repute, attempted snieide in tlie
street by shooting himself in the head
with a revolver. Ilia chances lor re
covery are favorable.
Philip' tellers of I.ojdonvil'e, Ohio,
has confessed that be was ah accomplice
of George M. Davinev, the burglar, who
was shot and killed I y Farmer Justin V.
r rengle near Crest line, reb. 10.
The Frankfort (Ky.) lottery is making
a great effort to prevent the state legis
lature from putting antnd to its opera
tions. It is charged that its agents have
been attempting fo brine legislators
At Kansas City Rev. David McGrew,
pastor of the colored Baptist church at
Armstrong, Mrs. Andrew Beyman and
Will Jackson, all colored, were run over
by a Union Pacific train. and killed.
A. A. Courter, cashier of the Equitable
Bank of New York, has been charged
with forgery and with having received
deposits after be knew that bis bank
was insol :ent. He pleaded not guilty.
The alien labor law bill has been poj t-
poned indefinitely in the Canadian bouse
ot commons. 1 he cause was that nego
tiations are going on at Washington for
the settlement of international matters.
Ten Cretan refugees have lieen sen
tenced to fifteen years' imprisonment at
Retimo, Crete. A court martial at'
Canea has confirmed the sentence. The
news has caused a sensation in Atheivs.
The case against W. P. Dickinson1; a
prominent oterator thought to have Vieen
connected with the recent conspiracy to
I. . . . . , , - , .- ,
InfcliirtKort. has heaii diaiV,wufl
by the CI
hicago board of rwdedirectora.
An unofficial trial of the dynamite
guns of the cruiser Vesuvius was made
at Philadelphia. Wooden bom bs loaded
with gunpowder were used, and the test
ia reported to tie eminently sa'isfactory.
- An expedition is now being organized
in New York to add to the geographical
knowledge of the world facts about
Alaska. The Frank Leslie Weekly and
Judge Publishing company is at the
bead of the scheme.
At Council Bluff's Iowa, Andr'
I look, a gambler and w ortti!ess" -.
acter, shot and Heriously wonni','"'
Kit tie Bowers and then eor
cide,wJlouk -as niadlv' ,.
"""f rers j but she - -. ' - :
:? r . i - - .
LITTLE WOMEN'S PENS AND PENCIL
Many Children May f ArtUt If Tu
Mak a TrUt.
Jules Goodman, . the artist, and hi"
wife (who writes as well as be designs.,
are well-known people in the world tl
letters and art. What child who lores
a good old-fashioned circus, itli
daisies growing all. about t!ie tr
made ring and the grass carjietiig L
ground, over which tiers of seats hat.
grown like Aladdin's palace, des nc.
delight in such stories as tlitt wLice
me iootim:ns made wnn pen ant
pencil a week or two since In llir.r't
Weekly- story of the ohl-fashioned
country circus in all its glory?
xtiese talented toiKS nave a little g rl
who already, at the age of 7, makes
pictures of people and good picture
too. Not long ago she sat down In her
mother's parlor, while her par-uts wet a
talking to a friend of f :'rs. and drew
on a sheet of white pajv Yikku1 of
tneir iriena wnich was so rne it eemi I
to speak. She sent it to him ia a letter
and he sent her a book in return. '1 his
is her answer:
kt re un rtoK!cB
"1 thank yon very much fr your Twyik. I
rmid ote f your Worte. I like tt verr amrh
I am gotnjr tooe tltte rlvnin. t ft r to iwff
Gladys may make a iMfs .,
after a while. She draws s ; -thab
she writes. Her lie
J. Florent-e. the Tvonulai. w . ; ':
plavs with Joseph Jeffers,
ben Mrs. taerciiu, w ,.u , -.-w
the white house before Mrs. Harrison" '
went there, was a little s-;rl named
Frances Folsom she wrote a little story
called "Little MolL" of which tLis wa
A young writer on a famous icir
York paper has to write every day in
the criminal courts. The ferreting out
of crime and the arrest of criminals
and their daily tubishment are hour
by hour reported by mm. Stones of
erime blue It and foul as were ever -
written are unrolled before him until
bis belief in human nature nearly
perishes. Bnt his faith is preserved
through meeting a poor newsgirl who
comes and goes daily to the office for
copies of the journal on which he
serves. The sequel can be imagined.
The reporter steeped as he is ia visions j
of the world's iulquity sudjn daily s
danger of his life (since i. " "froij
the enmity of criminal ciaises), lias t. a '
life saved by ".Moll." la ratnrn ne ,
places ber at school and ultimately
marries her; after which be leads a life
of happiness. .
How rt :, j girls cat irae.
pictures aha rite stories if titer wil?
When a woman get-'fros
cross at everybody." "
How soon a giri"s capital I become
little ! after marriage;
Smile at some women and they v
tell you all the troubles they ever k.
That for which a woman" should
consoled she is most often ritfi-i -her
homeliness. : "'Trf ?
When a woman Can wash Canne"" , s
they will not shrink sit iu'Sw-CTTCugli
to get married.
A woman is never so btly In love
that she does not try to find w.l tin cost
of her engagement ring.
As soon as a man gr-ts gre built
and the room warm. hi, wlf comes
along and wants to "air fite house."
One of your delicate women will
never admit that she is hnogry; she
will say that she is feeling a little faint.
TI.. .!..:i i i , . .r . -taMM.
the mother who wants to send her
daughter husband hunting at 16.
You occasionally find a woman who
thinks she is intellectual because she
has a large number of correspondents.
There is only one thing that pJejfs
woman more than to be referred to nJ ""
a dove, and that is to bear a man re
ferred to as a hawk. t
A woman never becomes so intelli
gent that she learns that it is n. '
pleasure to others to hear her coax , j
children to speak a piec.?,, V W .
ibe question with the women: Is it
better to marry a man who is thought-
less, and leaves the door open bebine
him, or to marry a man "Ho thits r
close tne door, but forgets to leave ou.
the slam? Atchison Globe.
In Old New Mexico.
The language of most of the people
of New Mexico is the Spanish language
of the time of Ferdinand and Isabella.
The people still thresh out their grain
with sheep and goats, and tread out the
juice of the grape wii the naked fe;t.
l'hey plough with wooden plows, and
until within the past ten years had de
parted in hardly any respect from the
customs of the first colonists, who were
only a generation or two later than
Cortez and his conqnistatlofes.
The country reSTuds on of Pales
tine, savs jtM.;r in a current perotii
cal. Patriarchal customs prevail and
the wealthy Mexicans constitute an un
titled aristocracy, who are followed im
plicitly by the retainers living on their
great domains. The country is a pas
toral one, the wealth of its people con
sisting mainly of sheep and cattle. All
crops are raised by means of irrigation,
and in the valleys 8U"prismg results
are obtained in grains -aud fruits, an'
particularly in the gripe. The grea
artery of the. country n ri.e Ilo Grand
river, which amuses iet-;.ity turougn
out its wide, sandy valk-v.
Unlike the other front vr settlements
of the United States, the New Mexico
towns are quilt compactly-, each about
a plaza, so that the houses form a
strong wall of a fort. The principal
house in such a settlement is usually
that of the owner of the great Spanish
or Mexican grant on which the town is
bnilt. This method of construction
was . rendered imperatively necessary
by the continual war mf de against the
whites by the surrounding savage In
dian tribes of the plain anil mountains,
i u : i. i. nni. aaaa.i t, 1 1
, 51I1U WUIUJt I1A3 VUIJ lift UV IWfl
t . -
P?,., w-i.w lre
V"w " ll -
He is bii
Here i ' '
the rid j
to be ' .:.
I thaljuuUAi,:"4jihir''.--i----" i -doesn't mean to lie
over three 1 , a uouieo
yuan J " t