.....tJW. i .a ONE .lOA in: LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1889. NO. r LEB-AjN I PRE 8 SOC1KTY NOTICES. LEP.ANOW LnTKiK, KO. M. A. T t A. j M thair mw hll In Mesnuls block, on HUiirdM "uU ta,u ""'I wTasoN. W. M. LEBANON I-ODfl", NO. T. I. O O .: urLi ..4,1m of mob at (KM Mine H.U. kUla MTMl, vteitlui entliiva ejmtljllf Inrltrd to att.ua. J J. UHAKLToH, U. HONOR tOPflf NO. 3s, A. O. J. W.. lehaiwe. On-. n " third ThjwUr lmVla tlx mouth. W. H. ROSOOg. at. " EBUUIOUS NOTICES. M. . CHURCH. Walton Sklpworth. pastor-Services feeb Bnn day at 11 A. u. and 7 r. M. Sunday School at 10 A. H. each BuuU.y. rBCSSVTIMAH CRCHCH. 0. W. Glhony, pastorService each Sunday at 11 a. m. Seunay School 10 a. . Service each fcnud.y nitM. tTrKLKn rKEDMYTtMA CHCECK. J. R. Klrkpetrlck, pastor-awvloe the 2nd ud 4tb Sunday t 11 a. m. and 7 r. M. Sunday School Mich Hands l 10 A. DR. C. H. DUCKETT. DENTIST. Office over C. C. Hackelnaan'i store. LEBAXOX OREKOX. K. WEATHERFORD. ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office over rirst National Bank. ALBAXY .... OBEKO DH. J. M. TAYLOR, DE1VTI s rr , LF.BAXOX. OBEtiOS. L. H. MONTANYE, ATTORNEY AT LAW ADD NOTARY IU13LIC ALBASY.OKEUOX. Will prat-tics in all CurU of the Stat. W. R. DILYEU. Attorney at Law, ALBAS V. OMEUOW. n. a. . uto, w. waioat. BLACKBURN & WRICHT. Attorneys at Law. Will practice in all the Courts of the State. Prompt attention given to all business en trusted to our care. Office Odd Follow' Temple, Albany. Or. O. P. COSHOW & SONS, REAL EHTATE AND INSURANCE AGENTS, BBOtt SMTILE. OREGON. Collection made, wraveysnring and all So UriAl work aonevii abort noiioe. SPECIAL NOTICE. KJZ. AV. C. PfEGi UN, Graduate of the Royal College, of London, Englan". also of the Boilevue Medical College. THE IKKrrOlt HAH 8PKKT A LIFETIME of study and practice, end makes a spc laity cf chronic diwttwM, remove concert, acrofulou eulartrnnieiit. tumur and wens without pain or the knife, lie aim makes a specialty of tieatmeul with tluutriclty. Ha practiced in the Uermao, French and Kngli.h LoapitaJs. Oils p-omptly alteudrd day or nirht. HlimotioU "ko.M WiUtoAU." Otllceand residunoe. Ferry street, between Third ami Fourth. Albany, Oregon. i, L. COWAN. i. at. BaLBTOX. BANK OF LEBANON, LEBANON, OREGON. Transacts a General Baniiii Easiness ACCOl Vri KEMP HtViECT TO tJIEl'K. E:liann told on New York. Ban Kranclnco. Portland and Albany. OroKon. Collections uiade ou (uvorable terms. I. MVEBM. K. HHKLroN. SCIO L ) T J 0. SCIO, ORECON. - Buy and beil Land, T-KXA.3V MOIVJSY ' AND ' insure rropeny, NOTARY PUBLIC. t Lad la th'tardeu t Oregon furuinhed COUNTINQ BY ELECTRICITY. iBtarcetlDg Machine te Be V4 la the Furtheoantng Ceaaaa, We bave on mora than one occasion published a note on the complicated electrical appliances which have been manufactured to be used in taking the forthcoming- census. We now gire a brief description of the process: The census collector will call with his printed blank, and answers toques tions will be written in the usual way. These sheets will then be placed be fore a person who operates a machine which may be likened to a typewriter, except that Instead of the usual ink marks on paper, small round holes are punched in a card. The cards, one for each person,, are about six aad a half Inches in lonyth by three inches in width, and the particular position of hole in a card indicates an answer to some of the questions in the printed blank. As many as 250 items of informatlos. can be punched out upon a card, al though no one card would ever have more than one-tenth part of the whole number. For example, no one person can be classed as both white and black, American and foreign born, and if foreign born he can only come from one country. These cards, when punched, are placed one at a time in a sort of press, ard a lerer operated by one hand is brought down, when a series of pins are brought against the card. Whenever a hole has ' been punched in a card, the corresponding pin passes through into a mercury cup beneath, completing an electric circuit These circuits, one for every hole, pass out q a large number of counters which operate electrically, and which add upon their dials all items of the same kind upon the same dials. For instance, all White men are counted upon a dial marked "white males;" all business or professional people upon dials which indicate their par ticular business or profession. The cards, as they leave the press, are all sorted by means of an electrical sort ing device, whereby they may be sorted into groups of States. Modern Light and Heat TO PREVENT CONSUMPTION. The Latest Medical Views Concerning Tubercular Itiaeasea. Medical views cf consumption have rtreatly changed within tho. last few years, it was once regaroea as in curable; it is now regarded as curable, if the right treatment is begun early. It was once regarded as specially transmissible; so much so that children of consumptive parents often looked on themselves as doomed a feeling which of itself did much to induce the dreaded result Now the disease itself is not believed to be transmitted, but only a condition of special suscepti bility to the disease, a susceptibity which may be overcome or guarded against by proper precautions. Consumption was formerly looked upon as incommunicable. It is now believed to belong to the great class of infectious diseases caused by microbes. The discovery of the microbe the tubwle bacilus was made by Koch in 1882, and has been confirmed by nu merous original investigations con ducted by other experts. ' Tests ou animals prove that this ml crobecommunicates tubercular disease when- introduced into their systems; and that the result, fatal on otherwise, depends mainly or wholly upon whether kLe animals are closely confined amid bad surroundings, or are allowed free exercise in the open air. As to the curability of the disease, post-mortem examinations at the New York hospitals constantly show that large numbers of psrsons who have once been consumptive have fully re covered, and have died long afterward of other diseases. In consequence of these near views, the question of prevention has become ext remely important But to know how to prevent consumption, we must know bow it is jiropagated. Typhoid fever, the seat of which is in the walls of the intestines, is propa gated mainly by the microbes in the dis charges, which later find their way into the intestines again through infected drinking water. Consumption, on the other hand, hav ing its special seat in the lungs, is mainly propagated by microbes con tained in tbe expectorations. The microbes are harmless so long as they are in a fluid state, but when allowed to dry, they are taken up in tbe air us dust and inhaled. This infected duct may lodge on the walls of the room, and communicate the disease to tenants of the house, it has been scraped off with a sponge, auu amuiais inoculated witn it have become tuberculous; while animals inoculated with scrapings from unin fected rooms showed no signs of the disease. ; To prevent consumption, therefore 1. Observe all the conditions of vig orous health. Most kinds of microbes are powerless against high health. 2. Have all sick rooms thoroughly ventilated. It requires many microbes to infect Ventilation greatly reduces the danger. 3. Let the expectorations be invari ably received in spit-cups, and care fully disinfected. But consumption may be communi cated by the milk of consumptive cows; Therefore, let all milk be boiled. This destroys the various kinds of microbes, and should be made a permanent habit as a guard against all infectious dis eases. Youth's Companion, taelr Various Forsns and the Difference : la Their Contraction. The expression electric brake is now often beard and requires a word of ex planation. There are various forms of so-called electric brakes which are practicable and even efficient working Jevlces. In none of them, however, ioes electricity furnish the. power by which tbe brakA are applied; it merely puts in operation some other power. In one type of electric brake the active braking force is taken from an axle of sach car, A small friction drum is made fast to the axle. Another friction drum hung from the body of the car swings near the axle. If, when the Bar is in motion, these drums are brought in contact, that one which bangs from the car takes motion from the other and may be made to wind a chain on Its shaft Winding in this chain pulls on the brake levers pre cisely as if it had been wound on the shaft of the handbrake. The sole function of electricity in this form of brake is to bring the friction-drums together. In a, French brake which has boen used experi mentally for some years with much success, an electric current controlled by the engine-driver, energizes an electro-magnet which forms part of the swinging-frame in which the- loose friction-pulley is carried. This electro magnet being vitalized, 1b attracted toward the axle, thus bringing the friction-drums in contact In an Amer ican brake lately exhibited on a long freight train, a smaller electro-magnet U used, but the same end is accom plished by multiplying the power by the intervention of a lever and wheel The other type of so-called electric brake is that in which the motive power is compressed air. and the func tion of the electric device is simply to manipulate the valves under each car, by which the air is let into the brake cylinder or allowed to escape, thus putting on or releasing the brakes. All of these devices have this advantage, that whatever the length of the train, (he application of the brakes is simul taneous on all the wheels, and stops can be made from high speed with little shock. Scribner's Magazine. THE CREOIT SYSTEM. &epDslbllltlM or Bank Hauager to tbe Public at Large, There are times when it is well for the managers of banking institutions to realize their responsibilities toward the public a well as to their stockholders. It is parVcularly so when a general scrutiny of vredits is going on and when a wlde-spreAd feeling of uneasiness prevails. The banks have it in their power to force & general liquidation upon tbe community at any time when it may seem good to them to do so, but in so doing they would themselves be the first to suffer, for their only hope of profit lies in the retention of cus tomers who are doing a profitable busi ness and. therefore, able to pay for the use of money. The vast development of commerce in the latter years of this century has been largely due to an U. telligent use of the credit system. If every transaction was compelled to te an actual transfer of cash from hatd to hand, tbe condition of the civilize! portion of tbe world would be pitiful in the extreme. All the fine tool which commerce now uses would b reduced to worthless heaps of junk, and the Inhabitants of tbe lirge cities would be compelled to rush to tho country for food, each family becom ing a self-supporting atom in the mass of humanity. Money is merely a meth od for facilitating exchanges between men and communities, and it must bs employed according to certain well known rules or it ceases to have any value. The mere possession of wealth without knowing hj?w to use it ren ders any one an aosurd tiguro, and a bank which has a million gold dollars in its vaults without the managers to direct Its scattering abroad in the shape of loans, might just' as well bave its safe full of pebbles. Loan the bank must, and loan to the uttermost; tho duty of the directors consists simply in passing on the merits of individual credits. A borrower who is conduct ing an honorable and profitable busi ness is not merely entitled to credit, he must be encouraged in its legitimate use if the community would prosper; be must '.earn to extend it in every di rection that is open to its products. Providence Journal. PALACE OF WOODS On of the Most Instructive Features of tho Part Exposition. Not the ' most showy, but certainly one of the most interesting, features of the present exhibition at Paris is the Palais des Bols et Forets palace of woods and forests a large building with spacious salons, galleries and bal conies, built entirely of wood, in un dressed logs, sticks and fagots, yet none the less very tastefully constructed, and not withont considerable archi tectural beauty. The walls and ceilings are paneled with various sticks of the wood, showing different colored barks birch, beech, elm, pine, poplar, for example, producing pretty artistic ef fects. 1 Every kind of tree and shrub which grows In France, or in any of her col onies, is here conspicuously represent ed. If a parent or teacher, desired to give his children a few days of most effective and pleasant instruction in trees and woods, here is the ideal place. For the entire structure appears to have been arranged for the especial purpose of giving lessons In tree-botany. The columns, beams and posts are each of a single log; and in every case the common name of the tree, together with its botapical name and the age of the specimen, are given on a tag at tached to it Moreover, there are spec imens of the leaf, the flower, the seed, cone, or nut easily accessible for ex amination; and examples of all the known parasites; insects and borers which infest and live upon it The different sizes to which the tree attains, at different ages, are illustrated by specimen sticks and logs. The forms of the branches and twigs are shown by numerous examples Next follow the uses to which the tree is put as timber, or in manufact ures, and the grain and fiber of the wood are exhibited, along with the tools best adapted for working it Products from the fiber and the wood pulp, as seen in paper, or vegetable silk, linen, 4ta, are exhibited; also the extracts from tbe sap, the gums and resins which naturally exude from the tree, and the alkaloids which may be prepared from them, for medical usea Then follows the gnarls and excres cences which sometimes grow abnor mally, on each species of tree, and such examples as have been found of petri factions of the wood. Finally they are given examples of tbe kind of soil in which the tree flourishes best, and the geological or rock formation upon which it is found growing. In a word, the palace of woods might very aptly be termed a palace for easy and agreeable botanical Instruction. Youth's Companion. THE EMPEROR NERO, Tbe Trouble He Took to Keep III Vole Sort and Sweet. A useful example of the proper care of the voice is to be found in a very unexpected quarter. The Emperor Nero, as is well known, believed him self to be a great artist, a notion of which those about him were not likely to disabuse him. Ills dying words, "Quails artifex pereol" show that he had at least one feature of the artistic temperament He sought fame by many paths, in poetry, fiddling, driving and other branches of the fine arts to say nothing of his scientific ex periments on the bodies of his nearest relations. The Imperial virtuoso was particularly vain of his voice,' which 1 can well imagine to have been soft and sweot. qualities which often enough ac company a cruel nature. He was propor tionately careful of so precious a pos session. His system is worth quoting. In Hddition to his general measures as attending to his liver, and abstaining from such fruits and other foods as he fancied to b injurious to bis voice, we are told that at night he used to lie on his back Willi a small plate of lead on bis stomaciu. This was probably for the purpose of checking the ten dency to abdominal breathing, which a tu iti t oau.y uetju roiCTTm ur a, perfect way in respiration for t ', . In ordor to spare his voice all t, " essary fatigue he gave up haranfc his troops and ceased even to adi the Senate. As in later times t't were keepers of the king's consciei Nero gave his voice into the keepil of a phonascus. He spoke only in tli presence of this vocal director, whose duty it was to warn him when his tones became too loud or when he seemed to -be in danger of straining his voice. To tbe same functionary was intrusted the formidable duty of ohscking the Em peror's eloquence when it became too impotuoua Thli he did,' by covering the imperial orator's mouth with a nap kin. t must have needed no small measure of courage to apply . this ef fectual method of "closure'' to the arch-tyrant of history when intoxicated with the exuberance of his own vocali zationsContemporary Bevle w. A Kingston woman Is the owner of a pet cat which formed the habit of sleep ing in a coal scuttle; One day some one threw a piece of paper in the scut tle, covering the cat from sight The womin picked up the scuttle to throw coal In the stove and dumped the cat on the red coals. There was an unearthly yowl, and a flaming body went flying through the room. A pall of water ex tinguished the fire, and saved the feline. i POPOT-AR FALLACIES. " " Errors and Delnalona In Which Many Per sona Are Believers. ' A very common error is to suppose that birds sleep with the head beneath the wing. No bird ever sleeps so; the head is turned round and laid upon the back, where it is often concealed by feathers. . That dogs are kept in health by the addition of brimstone to theii drinking water. Seeing that stone brimstone is utterly insoluble in water, I fail to perceive what possible use it can be to the dog. That cows are fond of buttercups. Cows, as well as horses, in grazing, carefully avoid these plants, which, like all the RanuncuUtca, are harsh, astringent and somewhat poisonous. That washing the 'ace in morning dew improves the compiclon. Dew Is distilled water; but being ver pure water, it can not exercise any special influence on the skin. I am unwilling, however, to dispel this pleasing illusion, and say: "By all means, young ladies, wash your faces in the morning dew, in full belief of its efficacy. To do so. you must rise early and breathe the pure morning air; this will benefit your health and no doubt improve your complexion at the same time." This is undoubtedly the lesson intend ed to be inculcated. Thrtt a fire is extinguished by the sun shining on it The effect in this case is apparent, not real A fairly good fire looks little better than a heap of white ashes under the power ful light of the sun's rays. That there is economy in putting fire-bricks or clay-balls into a fire. Considering that whatever heat they . give out is derived from the fire itself, and that, belns: themselves utterly in combustible, they contribute nothing to the heat of the fire, there can be no economy In their use. Our method of using fuel Is, however, terribly waste ful; a very large percentage of com bustible matter, as well as hoat goes up tbe flue and is wasted. The pipes are burst by a sudden thaw. The thaw merely finds out the bursting that has already been effected by the frost It is the expansion of water when passing into the icy state that bursts water-pipes of whatever material. That the bones are brittle in frosty weather. No doubt more bones are broken in winter thun in summer, but this is due to the slippery state of the roads at that season, not to speak of accidents on the ice, and not to any abnormal condition of our bones. That "thunderbolts" are tangible realities that can be handled and pre served as curiosities. Tho thunder bolt is the flash of lightning, often no doubt very destructive, but never ac companied by any solid. The only solid bodies that ever fall to the earth from tho ky are nerolltes or bolides, bodios coming from outer space and having nothing to do wth thunder storms. That mirror attract lightning and should be covered or turned to the wall during a thunderstorm. This is a pure illusion arising from the faot that mirror reflect the lightning flash ami thin ii.ld to the terror and ap- fare it ilim,'r of tho storm. London ub' o Opinion. f '