The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898, January 25, 1889, Image 1

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i lyable in advance.)
TERMS OF ADVERTISING
(Legal)
On 'putii, first lumtlon
i . r, aauutonal insertion
(LOCAL.)
L.. l souces, K-r liu.
-."iiAr dvrtumtaU Inserted upon liir&l terms.
.15 centA
"s SOCIETY NOTICES
1KB A So LonCK. STO. 4. A. V A. M : Mt
t ti.eir nw ball iu Mawnita Bloet oa Saturday
tuius, oa or before the fuU moon, f
. J WASSdN, W. M.
ur.B vos iowsk, no. - i. o. o. mu st-
I'.rU vjr evening or oh w-k; t Odd a H&U,
'.i!ii street: vUitiux rthra cordially lsrlt4 W
atuud. . . J. J. UHARLl'OK, H. O.
HON"fK LOIX5K VO. 38, AL O. XT. W., ltaa.
Oregon: Meets s stj first. and thtrd Thursday er.
tags to ths month. . V. H. RU8C0&. ML. W.
A. R. CYRUS COn
' ' ' - ; !
Heal Estate. Insuranca & Loan
Agsnt. -;
Gfaerml lollcctlon and XatwrrPaklla
linlarts Pranaptly Attende to.
H. J. JONES
DEALER IX-
i ,-
"on T
Sr-MOI,
it
Unslcal 118
ASD
School Supplies.
ALBANY, OREGON.
SUBSCRIPTIONS RECEIVED
Tor All the Leading Maga
zines and Newspapers.
s FOR SALE.
A Double Circular "Water Power
: " Saw Mill,
Near Lebanon, Or.
Capacity about 6001 feet pr day. Also,
acres of land on which the aawmill
is located.
I'HICE, 83,000
Also t ave a targe stock of
FIRST QUALITY LUMBER
At lowest market rates for cash.
. W. WHEELER, IhiBSB. r.
G. T. COTTON,
1 DEALER IS
Groceries and .Provisions,
TOBACCO & CICAR8,
SMOKERS' ARTICLES,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
CONFECTIONERY,
(eaaware and Glassware.
Lamps antl L,assf Fixtures.
Mala St, Lefcaaen, Oregea.
OREGON
Land Company
R. F. ASH BY and CEO. DICKINSON,
General Agents for
Albany, Lynn Co., Oregon.
Bajing and Selling
Real - Estate - on - Commission.
Aa Delag a Creaeral Real Estate
Bastaess.
CTLand Solicited for Sale.
ASHBY & DICKERSON
BURKHART & 6ILYEU,
Proprietors of the .
Livery, Sale anil Feeil Staliles
LEBAKOK, OR,
' Southeast Corner of Main and Shsrmaa.
Fine 8uggi8S, Hacks,Har
; ness and
COOD RELIABLE HORSES
For'paiitirH goinj? 1o- Brownsville, W
terlot.. Sweet Axjtam, Seio, and all
v .; j yartu of Linu pounty.
All j kinds of Teaming
I DOSTE AT
' aASONADLP RATES.
J3ILTEU
fa nPTtTTTV T inn ID A "TTTTVT T7iTnTn,TT7i.?
v . - ."
VOL. II.
CONGRESSIONAL NEWS
THE TERRITORIES READY TO ENTER
THE GALAXY OP STATES.
The Conditions on Which Montana Will
Enter Pension Legislation Ore
gon's Militia Bill Becomes a
Law The Inaugural.
The nomination of Walter L. Brayg
to succeed himself as interstate com
missioner, has been favorably reported
in tbe Senate.
The Atlanta left New York Saturday
morning for Hayti. It is thought
that the vessel s presence is necessary
to preserve peace.
Secretary Whitney says the State
department has done all it can in the
Samoan matter. It now rests with
Congress, which alone has power to
declare war. . . .
The pension department has grant
ed pensions to Henry F. Phillips, of
Seattle, and John B. Wencmy, alias
J. Smith, of Lewiston, Idaho, a sur
viver of the Mexican war.
Vice President-elect Morton was in
Washington last week, looking about
the city for a desirable residence, but
failed to find a suitable one. He does
not desire to build or buy a hme at
the capital.
The Dakota delegation now in
Washington feel confident that a bill
will now be passed for the admission
of South Dakota into the Union ; also
the passage of an enabling act for the
early admission of North Dakota,
The President has approved the act
to provide arms, ammunition, etc., for
the militia of Oregon ; the act to pro
vide stores for tbe militia of Montana,
and the act amending the postal laws
in regard to the special delivery of
letters.
General Swaim will be placed on
the retired list, notwithstanding the
fact that many members of the retir
ing board are said t j be of the opinion
that his present disabiliiies are not
serious eneugh to incapacitate him
from further active serviee.
Representative Hermann's bill pro
viding for an increase of pension for
Colonel James Waters, of D mglas
county, Or., a veteran of the war of
lBlz and of the Oregon Indian wars,
who is now ninety-four years old and
band, was reported favorably to the
House last week.
Among the bills recently intro
duced in the House are the following :
Granting ught-of-way for a railroad
across the Fort Pima IudUn reserva-
lion in Arizona ; granting the Big
Horn Southern railroad right-of-way
across a part of the Crow Indian res
ervation in Montana.
Governor Swineford, of Alaska, es
timates the annual resources of the
territory at about 19,000,000; min
erals, f 2,000,000 ; all other resources,
$3,000,000. He urges the develop
ment of the territory's mines, espec
ially that of coal, which he claims ex
ists there in large quantities.
The Senate sub-committee on
finance has occupied much time in
hearing opposing claims of the wool
growers and wool manufacturers on
changes in the tariff on wool. The
impression prevails that the commit
tee will atk for a reduction on the
common grades of wool from eleven
to ten cents.
Governor Beaver, of Pennsylvania,
chief marshal of the inauguration pro
cession, has issued an order calling on
all organizations desiring to partici-:
pate to notify him at headquarters
before February 20th. Civic orders
of It es than fifty in number will not ;
be permitted in line, or with improper
costume or equipment.
The board of Indian commissioners,
at their recent annual meeting,;
adopted resolutions deprecating the
practice of changing Indian officials
for partisan reasons and urging the
extension of the civil service system
to the Indian service; also opposing
the removal of the tribes from their j
reservations where they are settled
and are making progress toward civ- i
ilization.
The President has returned to the
Senate without his approval the bill
to pay f 3800 to William D. Wheaton
and Charles H. Chamberlain, for
many years prior to 1879 register and
receiver of the land office at San Fran
cisco. These two officers were re
quired by an order, issued July, 1877,
to turn thereafter into the treas
ury certain fees to which they were
entitled by law.
A movement is on foot to secure a
pension for Postmaster Lsuia Purdy,
of Yorktown, Westchester county,
New York, who is ninety-three years
old, and who enjoys the distinction ol
being the oldest postmaster in the
country, having vott-d for President
elect Harrison and his grandfather
before him. Purdy was appointed
postmaster of Shrub Oak by W. H.
Hairison in 1841, and lias discharged
the duties of his office ever since.
The omnibus bill, which has passed
the House, in so far as it relates to
Montana, authorizes the people to
choose delegates, to form a conven
tion, in each district. The whole num
ber of delegates to be seventy-for,
and are to meet on July 4, 1889. They
are authorized to form a State gov
ernment and constitution, provided,
that at the time of election of dele
gates the constitution adopted by the
constitutional convention held at Hel
ena in 1888 shall be submitted to the
people for ratification. Land sections
16 and 36 will be granted to the State
for the support of common schools,
and 90,000 acres of land are granted
for the support of agricultural col
leges. Five per cent of the proceeds
of sales of public lands is also granted
for common school purposes.
The examination of Sewall, consul
general at Samoa by the Senate com
mittee on foreign relations, has been
concluded, but he is held here to
await the printing of his testimony.
He is deeply interested in the Samoan
situation, and is anxious to return to
bia post, but is still more anxious that
the people of the United States should
arouse themselves to an intligent ap
preciation of the importance of main
taining the independence of the
islands, in order that the government
may properly maintain its interests
there.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
THE CRUSHED AND KILLED IN THE
PENNSYLVANIA STORM.
A Youthful Bank Robber Comes to
Grief at Kansas City New Mex
ican Cable Line A Judge
Arrested Other News.
Heavy snow storms are reported
from Dakota.
Ex-Congressman Singleton, of Mis
sissippi, is dead.
The Cincinnati shoemakers con
template striking.
General Rosecrans will soon be
placed on the retired list.
An offer of S30.000 has been refused
for the trotter Ambassador.
Massachusettes Republicans have
renominated Senator Hoar.
Senator Mandeson, of Nebraska, has
been relected to the Senate.
The Colorado river will be investi
gated by government officials.
The white caps " are creating ter
ror in many places in the East.
Governor Fifer, of Illinois, opposes
organized detective companies.
An effort is to be made to annex
Lower California to Ihe United States.
Boys in the employ of the Chesa
peake oyster pirates are tieated as
slaves.
A Sioux City, Iowa, lawyer has been
ordered by the "white caps" to leave
the place.
An earthquake was felt in New
New York last week in the Adiron
dack section.
The crew that abandoned the ship
Christina at sea have arrired at
Charleston, 8. C.
Axworthy, the defaulting city treas
urer of Cleveland, Ohio, will take up
his residence in Toronto.
Diplomatic circles in Europe cen
sure tbe United States for the con
tinued fighting in Sdtnoa.
The libel suits instituted by the
Chicago police against the Times of
that city have been dismissed.
J. J. Patterson, ex-United Slates
Senator from South Carolina, has
been sued for breach of promise.
The belief is growing that the rela
tions between the United States and
Germany are becoming strained.
The police of Knoxville, Tenn., re
cently raided a private car and ar
rested the occupants for gambling.
It is again rumored that Charles
Francis Adams will soon retire from
the presidency of the Union Pacific.
Jennie Stuirt, the daughter of a
New York stock broker, ran away
with her father's coachman last week.
Jane Suffert, who has been keeping
a baby farm in a room sixteen feet
square at St. Louis, has been arrested.
The fishing steamer Novelty, which
left Boston recently, is said to be
loaded with arms and men for Hayti.
Henry Kruse, who shot Ward Mc-
Manus, a prominent St. Louis capi
talist, last week, killed himself Satur
day. Chief Byrd has been recognized by
Secretary Vilas as Governor of the
Chickasaw nation in Indian Terri
tory. Tbe fastest time ever made across
the Atlantic was that of tbe Umbria
last week 6 days, 2 hours and 45
ininules.
The Dostal authorities will soon in
vestigate the free deliver? pvatem of
California, Oregon and Washington
Territory.
At Rihway, New Jersey, incendiary
fires are started eo that the boys can
turn with the engine and have a good
carousal afterward.
Powderly claims that the men who
are trying to start an opposition order
to the Knights of Labor offered to sell
out to him for f 100.
Miss H. O. Woodard, of Charlotte-
ville, Va., ran away last week and was
married. Tbe young lady is a cousin
of General Harrison.
Herr Most, of New York, the arch
anarchist, has applied for police pro
tection. He claims that his life is in
danger from his former associates.
The New York World has made ar
rangements for an exploring expedi
tion to Africa to discover the where
abouts of Stanley and Emin Pasha.
The towns ofCimarron and In galls,
in Kansas, are engagnd in a county
seat war. So far two men have been
killed and great excitement prevails.
Col. Frank Posey has been nomi
nated for the unexpired terin in Con
gress occasioned by the resignation of
Congressman Hovey, now Governor
of Indiana.
In the camp of a gang of thieves in
Indian Territory was found, recently,
a diary detailing a murder in Ohie in
1863, which the owner of the diary
committed with an axe and secured
$1000.
The Mexican Telegraph company
has arranged for the laying of a new
cable across the gulf to Galveston, the
present one being found inadequate to
transact the Mexican and Central
American business now handled.
Judge Lvman Follett, who left
Grand Rapids, Mich, two years ago
and went to Honduras, leaving a
large amount of trust funds unac
counted for. was arrested in Helena,
Montana, and will be takan back to
Michigan.
Forty saloon-keepers, who are to be
tried for contempt in violatingtem
porary injunctions issued under a pro
hibition law at Canton, 111., have
agreed to abandon their places and
leave the state on condition that the
cases be dismissed.
The dead of Reading, Pennsylvania,
who were crushed in the debris of the
collapsed silk mill, number eighteen,
and fivo persons in the paint shop
were burned to death. The injured
are about ninety. At Pittsburg sev
enteen were killed by the falling Ger-
mania bank building walla. Over fifty
were injured.
The Nevada legislature has ap
pointed a committee to visit the legis
lature of California to confer with that
body in reference to acquiring terri
tory east of the summit of the Sierras.
LEBANON, OREGON,
PACIFIC COAST NOTES.
NEW DISCOVERIES IN THE NORTH.
WESTERN MINING DISTRICT.
A Los Angeles Detective Shoots Hlmseir,
Prospectors Find a Watery Grave
In the Colorado River-Nevada's
Miner's Home.
The Snta Monica hotel was burned
last week.
Charles Dudley Warner will winter
in Pomona.
Anaheim, Cal., contemplates start
ing a beet factory.
8tockton, Cal., has organized a na
tural gas company.
Lvdia Thompson ia ill at Lo An
geles with pneumonia.
Additional murders of Arizona
shepherds arc reported.
W. D. Baals, of Red Bluff, CaL, has
failed. Labilities, 121,000.
Washouts on the Southern Pacific
are reported west of Ynma.
The late small-pox scare at Meraed,
Cal., cost the county $3000.
8am Jones, the revivalist, is hold
ing meeting at Los Angeles.
Santa Rosa orchar Jiats have planted
100,000 trees the present season.
Cattle and sheep, caught in the
snow in New Mexico, are starving.
Parties inNephi, Idaho, propose
shipping rabbit carcasses by the car
load
The saloon license of $150 has been
repealed by the supervisors of Marin
county.
Wild hoes are plentiful in the tules
along the Humboldt, near Battle
Mountain.
Watsonville, Cal is making efforts
to secure the location of a 11 4 x mill at
that place.
It ia said that Fort Canby. at the
mouth of the Columbia, will again be
garrisoned.
The Indians of 8aline Valley. Cali
fornia, are raising fine fig. apple, pear
and peach trees.
A bill has been introduced in the
Nevada legislature to provide a home
for indigent miners.
A Portugese sheepman was acci
dentally killed by his brother in Fies-
no county, last week.
Charles Gordon, who was to have
been hanged last week at Fort Ben
ton, Montana, was respited.
Ai tides of incorporation have been
filed by The Dalles Portage company,
with a capital stock of $500,000.
Mrs. Sarah Snivcr. of Glendale. W.!
T., was burned to death recently by
tne explosion oi a coal oil lamp.
A car-load of lobsters has been
shipped to Puget Sound. Scow bay
has been chosen for lobster raising.
E. H. Dunn escaped from the Napa
asylum last week and was found
shortly afterward hanging to a tree.
Detective A. B. Lawson at Los An
geles shot himself while taking a re
volver trom nis desk recently. He will
recover.
The Portland water-works want to
issue $1,500,000 mere bonds to enable
it to supply 20,000,000 gallons of wa
ter a day.
Mi VoIKk ri,. - i
" - . living jitrati vv
Inn. fAlifi-trniA w u a (amklv .f.ktu
last week by an unknown man, who
maue nis escape.
J. R. Mrwnfv.nl f!rl
tried to kill his wife a short time ago,
has been sentenced to four rmn in
the penitentiary.
It is reported that Senator Hearst.
of California, has purchased the now
famous Ilarqua Hala mines, in Ari
zona, for $250,000. .
There is good reason to believe that
the Klamath Indian leservation in
northern California, will soon be
open to settlement.
A pension has been granted to J.
H. Eaton, of Portland, a Mexican sur
vivor, and an increase to Garrison
Datson, of Grant's Pass, CaL
Stephen T. Morse, a prominent fruit
grower of Sacramento county, Cal.,
while loading hay from a scaffolding
last v.eek, fell and broke his neck.
The man employed by the San Ber
nardino county grand jury to expert
the county treasurer's books has
since gone to jail for petty larceny.
A warrant was recently issued for
the arrest of John Hall, a prominent
aichitect of Los Angeles, on a charge
of perjury in a timber culture claim.
San Diego has received an order
from Colima, Mexico, for twelve miles
of rails, twenty-four cars and other
necessary equipments for a horse-car
line.
Engineers are now at work on the
proposed peninsular railroad leading
out of San Diego. The line will be
completed to Yuma, Ariz., in very
short time. V; .
While several prospectors were en
route to the new gold fields in Ari
zona their boat Was capsized in the
Cororado river, below The Needles,
and all were drowned.
Louis Wanderer, a boy, was found
not guilty of stealing Mrs. Scmidlin's
chickens at San Jose, ' and his guar
dian has brought a suit for $5000
against Mrs. Schmidlin.
The legislature of Montana has
adopted a resolution, almost unani
mously, protesting against the admis
sion of Utah Territory as a State on
the grounds of polygamy.
Owen Brown, a son of old John
Brown of Kansas, died recently near
Pasadena, Cal. He was Beventy-four
years old, and is said to be the last
survivor of the Harper's Ferry affair.
Isadore Lewis, a tobacco and cigar
dealer in San Diego, has commenced
suit for $10,000 damages against the
Bradstreet Mercantile agency. The
agency had declared he had made an
assignment.
A bill has been introduced in Con
gress authorizing the Secretary of the
Treasury to pay to Joseph Pennig, of
Linkville, Or., the sum of $10,000 for
injuries received at the hands of the
Indians in the Modoc Indian war.
F1UDAY, JANUARY
THE AGRICULTURALIST
SOME ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OP
SUCCESSFUL FARMING.
Cheap Lands Not Always the Most Prof
1 table-The Value of Hay Lies in
Feeding It to Your Own Cattle-Well-Kept
Farms.
To a pint of warm boiled hominy
add a pint of milk or water and a pint
of flour. Beat two or three eggs and
stir into tbe batter with a little salt.
Fry as any other griddle cake.
The farmer who thinks that to make
money he mint go where land is
cheaper, Bhould consider well if he
would not make more money by mak
ing the land he has deeper and richer.
The elements of the fundamental
principles of farming are: Soil, heat,
moisture, muscle and brain power.
The commingling of these five ele
ments produce the key to successful
farming.
Pumpkins for cows have best effect
when fed before very cold weather, for
there i less absorption of animal heat
to warm the mass forty or fifty
pounds that a cow will take into her
stomach.
JA neat and well-kept farm indi
cates that the owner is thrifty. The
manure heap ia the most important
thing now. If the heap is sheltered
so as to preveat loss, and so managed
that everything that can be added to
it can be decomposed, it will effect a
saving and prevent filth in the barn
yard, We do not produce potatoes enough
for home consumption if the fact that
such products are imported are taken
into consideration. If foreigners can
ship their products 3000 miles to
reach us we can, with our improved
machinery on our cheaper lands, pro
duce more than may be required in
this country.
Sheep manure contains from 90 to
9 per cent of the plant food con
tained in the rations consumed by the
f heep. It is. therefore, a very rich
fertilizer, as experience has shown. It
is especially rich in nitrogen in an
available form, and for that reason is
excellent for use as a starter in the
hill for corn and potatoes. j
AH smutty corn or husks should he
burnt. It is better to take precaution
for next year than to attempt to pre
vent smut by some remedy. It would
have ben best to destroy the a fleeted
stalks when growing, but even now
no traces of smut should be allowed to
exist. Seed should never be selected
from a field containing smutty year
oi corn.
When grain and hay crops are sold !
off the land they carry away the fer-!
tihty of the farm, but when such
crops are fed to stock not only is a
portion of the crop left over as ma
nure, but a higher price ia received
for such 'crops in the shape of beef,
po-k, mutton or milk, which enables
tl'.e farmer to restore any loss of fer
tility by the increased receipts conse
quent upon the keeping of stock.
The improper keeping of cream,
and allowiug it to become soar while
waiting for more, and the failure to
keep the milk and cream in some
place of even temperature, is the
cause of nearly all poor butter. The
quality of the cream should be uni
form, and no mixing of different ages
can be clone safely. No amount of
working the butter can compensate
for the injur done before churning,
and every portion of the work should
be done speedily and not be made de
pendent on something that is to fol
low A correspondent in the Southern
Live Stock Journal gives the following
as a remedy for thumps in hogs:
Give one tablespoonful of vaseline,
petroleum jelly (not carbonized). Re
peat every twenty-four hours as long
as necessary. The great advantage
of the remedy, aside from it? efficacy,
is tbe ease with which it is given. It
is a job to drench a hog, but this vas
eline slips down so easily lhat there
is no time for strangulation. In ex
treme cases it is best to blister under
neck and between front legs with cn
tharidal collodion.
If the milk is too cold for the but
ter to come, or the temperature is too
high (as sometimes happens in sum
mer), it may be brought to the de
sired temperature by the adJition ef
cold or warm water, a the require
ments may be, until the proper tem
perature is obtained. The use of a
thermometer will greatly r-ssist in the
work of churning. Some prefer to
raise the temperature by placing the
churn in a tub of warm water. Any
mode that will raise the tempe.ature
will answer. Rectangular churns,
which dash the butter from side to
side, are now largely in use, the but
termilk being drawn off as soon as
the butter assumes the granular
stage. After the buttermilk is off, if
preferred, a strong solution made by
dissolving salt in water, may be
poured into the churn and the butter
washed by again revolving the churn.
This carries off the buttermilk and
partially salts the butter.
Although no definite rule can be
laid down to be followed in covering
seeds, it is safe to say the larger the
seed the deeper the covering should
be. The old rule of covering seeds to
a depth equal to four times the diam
eter of the seed, will not answer in all
cases. The writer's experience would
lead him to advocate a greater depth
of sowing as a general rule. A depth
equal to six times the diameter of the
seed would be more suitable for the
majority of seeds. Potato seed cut in
the usual way will give pieces varying
in thickness from half an inch to an
inch in thickness. According to our
rule, this seed would call for a cover
ing of four and one-half inches a
depth which hae been practically
demonstrated to be most advantageous
on well-drained soils. The same rule
may be applied to most other seeds
with equally satisfactory results, but
at the same time it is not held up as
an infallible guide under all circum
stances and conditions. Drainage,
amount of moisture, depth of soil,
and many other conditions must be
considered by the intelligent cultiva
tor in deciding this Question for him
ir - ,
sen.
2o, 1889.
PORTLANOIMARKET REPORl
GriOCERlES-Sugars have fallen Je
sine our last report, we quote U fje,
extra C BJc, dry granulated 6jc, cube,
cruithed and powdered 7gc. Cones firm,
Guatemala 18i21 c Conta Rica 18i!fe21c
o'Mbic, SaJvadorlKsOc, Arbuckle's
roasiea z.sjc.
PROVISIONS Oregon hams are anofc
ed at 13 141c breakfast bacon 13lffcl4kc.
Kantern meat iaqnoted as fololws: Hams
j va i.i.a, -Mnciairti 14 aide, Uregon break
fast bacon 13J& 14c, Eastern 13&13 c.
FRUITS Green frutt recelnta 1239 bin.
Hard fruit la scarce, and the supply of ap
ples not equal to the demand. A pptes 0664
h5 per bx, Mexico oranges $1, lemons
oo.o.oo per dx, bananas fa.to4.ao.
quinces 40 ooc.
VPGETABLE3 Market well suoD'ied.
Cabbage ale per lb, carrots and turnip
"5c per sack, red pepper 3c per tb, potatoes
OMOtVie per acK, sweet lJtJic per n.
DRIED FRUITS Receipts 91 pkges.
Sun-dried apnles f'6c per lb, factory
slic d 8c, factory plums 7 9c, Oregon
pruue7 ' 9c, pearsDclOc, peacbe 810c.
ral-ins 2't.25 per box, Call ornla ngs
oc, Smyrna isc per in.
DAIRY PRODUCE Oregon creamery
ana rnoice a airy iuc, raeoium . iwauc Cal
ifornia fancy 30c, choice dairy 274c,
eastern SSfoSOe.
EGGS Receipts 293 eases. Oregon 25c.
POULTRY Chickens S5rir5.25, for
larpe young and f 4 i 75 for old, turkeys
ia isc per in, aucas per aozen.
WOOL Valley 18130c Eastern Oregon
IV C IOC.
HOPS-Choice 814c.
GRAIN Valley 11.33, Eastern Oregon
tl.:v Oat 33S3.TC
F. OUR-Standard $4.50, otner brands
tf.i5, Dayton and Cascade f 4.10, Giaham
$3.25, rye flour 6, do Graham $5 0.
FRESH MEATS Beef, live, 3f33c
drewted 7r, mutton, live. 3ff3 c, dressed
7r, lambs 92 60 each, hog, live, Si'aoe,
dressed 7&71, veal os Sc.
The unseemly discussion which a
a certain class of newspapers have
been making a conspicuous feature in
their columns of late of the question,
"Is marriage a failure?" is simply a
fresh breaking out of the old and nau
seous social malady of "free love. It Is
amazing that any editor who has either
any regard for the reputability of his
journal or any respect for the welfare
of society should countenance the dis
cussion of so grave a theme in the
reckless and flippant style and manner
in which it is treated by the class of
shallow and inconoclastic writers who.
in their anxiety to air their immoral
sophistications, delight to exhibit their
contempt for those things and institu
tions which reasonable and good men
deem too sacred to be assailable.
The man or woman who seriously
asks the question "Is marriage a fail
ure?"' is ohviously disqualified, by a
lack of either virtuous or proper ex
perience, or of intelligent or thought
ful conviction, from answering or even
discussing the question at all, the very
asking of it being almost proof posi
tive that the one asking it Is of the
affirmative way of thinking, and that
he or she is of that way of thinking
because of experiences, observations
or theories that are at least superficial,
but more probably the resultants of
the individual folly or viciousness of a
depraved nature. A married life that
has proved a failure because the parties
to the contract have had neither sense
enough, mutual forbearance enough
nor morality enough to be faithful to
its obligations is not a just sample of
the marital institution, is not a fair
illustration of modern domesticity,
is not an exponent of the aver
age family condition of civilized
society. It is exceptional and
abnormal. A true man and a true
woman, entering into the relations of
man and wife with rational delibera
tion, with genuine affection, and with
high and pure motives, do not find
marriage a failure. They know what
they are about before they enter into
the intimate and sacred partnership.
It is on their part not a matter of im
pulse, of emotion, of money, nor of
passion, but of mutual and reciprocal
affection, guided and consummated by
the dictates of reason and of a thought
ful anticipation of all the possibilities
and all the contingencies that are in
volved in the solemn compact. Such
matches are made in heaven, are heav
enly in their lifelong continuance, and
extend beyond this life into heaven
itself.
Marriage is a failure only when the
man or the woman is a failure in his
manhood or in her womanhood. It is
never a failure when Ihe man and the
woman are true to themselves and to
each other. It is never a failure where
the feeling and the motive and the
purpose are right. It ia never a fail
ure where true love and honor are the
links of unity. It is never a failure
where good sense and good principle
lead to and control the relationship.
It is very rarely a failure, in any event,
where children are its fruitage and the
family altar is the center of its daily
sanctification.
Those who sneer and mock at mar
riage are not God's people; they are
not of those who are the best develop
ment of modern civilization; they are
not illustrations either of social mor
ality or of Bound sense. They are the
froth and scum that float and bubble
upon the surface of social life. They
are people of unbridled passions, sen
sual and selfish instincts or shallow
minds. They are not the many, but
the wild and reckless few. As a rule,
marriage is not a failure, but quite the
reverse. When it proves a failure, it
is an exception to the rule, just as
idiots, cranks, lunatics and moral lep
ers are exceptional developments of
human evolution. Oiicago Journal.
Miles W. Standlsh, of Waldoboro,
Mo., is a direct descendant of Captain
Miles Standish, who came over in the
Mayflower in 1C20, and h has a son
named Miles.
There is a Massachusetts maiden
so modest that she would not look at a
salad dressing. Rochester Express.
Customer "What yo' charge for
gittinfotografstookP Photographer
"Imperials, $6 per dozen; tluplates,
$3 per dozen." Customer "Vall, I
guess Pie jes hab haf dozen duplicates
tooken." -Harper's Weekly.
Sharp "What ia the strongest
day of the week, KetchumPP" Ketchum
(who is not on the eve of bankruptcy)
"Friday, 1 simppose." Sharp "No,
Sunday; all the others are week days.
See?" Detroit Free Press!
NO. 46.
INCH AND OUNCE.
The Deriratlo of Tbaae Two Btaadarda
of MeanaramenC
As the Jews had a mystical rever
ence for seven, and the ancient Welsh
and Celts for three, and the Greeks a
perfect philosophy constructed out of
the harmonies of all sorts of numbers,
so the Romans fell back upon a scale
of or. more properly, upon a scale
with a base of six. Accordingly, as
they divided the pound Into twelve
ounces, so they also divided the foot,
which was the standard of lineal
measure. Into twelve sections, and
they called these sections unche, too.
But how did they get the inch orig
inally? it may be asked. Rather, how
did they get the pound? for that, and
not the inch, is the unit. There seems
to be no precise information .-on this
point. They would divide any unit
Into twelfths, and a prevailing notion
was at one time the linear uncia was
really the original, and was then
transferred as a name to a weight.
This, though plausible, ia hardly the
case. Sometimes, especially in old
books, written when philology was not
what it is now. it was the fashion to
derive unclse from the same word in
the Greek, because, after the revival
of letters in Europe, the admiration of
the Greek became so great that when
ever similar words were found in it
and some other language it was al
ways said that the other language bor
rowed them from the Greek. This is
very far from being always so, and in
the present instance the very reverse
appears to have occurred. The ounce
Is literally the twelfth, and thus we
see at once the sense of speaking of an
ounce of land and an inch of milk, just
as of an inch of a man's will or an
inch of interest for money on a loan.
It was always the twelfth of a unit;
twelfth of an hour; twelfth of a
jugerum, that half-acre which the two
oxen plowed in a day; twelfth of a
sextarius, or equivalent to our pint;
twelfth . of the entire hereditis;
twelfth of tbe principal lent on time
when it was money at usury that is,
over eight per cent
It is. accordingly, as much of a mis
take to say that the primary meaning
of the word is a linear, which is to say
that it comes straight from the" Greek
Into the Latin and thence on to us- The
riddle is plain enough when we get to
the true origin of the word a twelfth.
Once, indeed, it used to be said that
the true origin was that the word
meant a thumb breadth, because its
equivalent, pollex. in linear measure,
was often used in its place. But this
is not the case. Some of the old Latins
themselves, moreover, thought it
meant literally the unit; but even this
will not hold beside the proper signifi
cation of the twelfth.
The pound weight really never di
vided by inches or ounces, it was di
vided by twelfths, by halves, by thirds,
by fourths and by sixths. And here,
again, we see what a convenient base
a system of twelfths is for. division
compared with a system of tenths,
which could only be divided evenly in
two ways by two and five. For seven
ounces they use the literal seven
twelfths; for eight ounces they said
two parts that is, two thirds; for nine,
wanting a fourth, which with us reads
like a roundabout way of expressing
three-quarters; for ten, wanting a
sixth; for eleven, wanting a twelfth.
Boston Herald.
BEATING A LAWYER.
It la ln by Farmer Who BeUeves In
Treating- City Fo'k Fairly.
You newspaper fellows," said a
Taylor township farmer to a reporter
the other day, "have had so many guys
and gas at cider that the majority of
people believe we add half water in
every case."
Don't you?" innocently inquired
the scribe.
No! you blame numbskull, we
don't!"
But I I"
"Oh. of. course, you thought so, but
you fellers ain't ex pec tod to be too
smart in the top-story. However. I
was going to tell you about a lawyer
in town He wanted a barrel of cider,
but he was terribly afraid of being
cheated. He engaged me to bring in
the juice, and in order to keep me
straight he said: '
"Now, then, when the cider comes I
shall test it with a lackadaisiaL and if
there is any water ia it I'll make you
sweat for swindling." .
" Did he say lackadaisial?" asked
the reporter.
" Something like that It made me
a bit mad, and so I planned "to fix
him. I brought ia a cask holding
forty -eight gallons. Thirty - gallons
were well watered and the rest cider.
I left it at his house, and to-day. I
called at his office to get my money.
And he went for you?" - -
Hardly. He gave me half a dollar
extra, and said it was the first barrel
of genuine cider he had had in ten
yeara" Detroit Free Press.
Which Man Felt the Worse?
"You look depressed," said one club
member to another. "I am depressed,"
was the reply. "I went home last
night slightly under the influence and
my dear little wife would not say a
word to me this morning. I feel pret
ty badly, I can tell you."
"Crickety!" commented the other,
"I wish my wife would do likewise.
But when I go home tired and
troubled' you bet I catch it. Why.
she'll almost talk my head off and
she'll follow me all over the house
lecturing. Not talk to me! Why,
that is just what I want her to do. You
are the luckiest chap I know." Denver
News.
She Was Not a Cook.
He (with evident agitation) M
Miss Grimes, do you sing?
She A little.
Hgr-And play?
Sue Yes. '''
He (sighing) Paint, too, I suppose?
She Some.
He Recite any?
SheccOnce in a great while.
He Do you cook?
She No!
He Thank Heaven! Miss Grimes,
will yjytJMk my wife? Burlington Fre
JOB PRINTING
- "- - If7 deaaiiiiMoa" at -
Joi Printing te cn L1I::,
Legal Blanks, Business Cards.
Latter Heads, Bin Heads,
Circulars, Posters, Etc.
Kxaratad la food Mylcaad at bmat Bt1b
PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS.
Chaussier dried a man in a kiln
and there resulted only twelve pounds
of solid matter.
An experiment recently made in
Scotland proves that the tortoise can
walk a mile in four hours.
Telephones are great convenience,
and yet people are all the time talking
against them. Tonkers Statesman.
A traveling man remarks that any
fellow who makes love to a widow is
literally courting danger. Merchant
Traveler.
"I wish I could sell all I write."
remarked a certain author to a lady.
"There are - those," replied his com
panion, sweetly, "who say you can't
write all you selL" Life..
: "Mrs. - Barkley," are yon familiar
with 'Son-js without Words?" "O, yes,
quite. Mr. Barkley frequently sings
them when he . comes home ia the
morning." Ttrre Baxile Express. ;
A Brooklyn man intends to start a
goat farm, which he thinks will bring
him $10.80 per day; He will stock it
with seventy-five goats, and as the or
dinary goat will give three "pints of
milk a day, he calculates upon-niaety
quarts per day at twelve to fifteen cents
aquart.
One of the leading American col
leges has resolved to dispense with
"class yell" next year. An institution
of learning that will thui aim a deadly
blow at the higher education of our
youth doesn't deserve the patronage of
the American people. Football may
go next. Nbrristonm Herald. ' ' '
"You should have counted on the
expense " of married life" before yon
entered upon it," said,. the young hus
band's friend; "it was only a question
of common sense and reason that yon
should . have exercised-'.' Common
sense and reason?" echoed the youth
ful benedict; "why, I was in love!
Chicago Globe.
Railroad Superintendent Any of
the passenger cars need repairing?"
Head Examiner "Yes, sir; No. 806 is
in very bad shape; ought to go to the
shop at once." "What's the matter?"
"Two of the windows are so loose that
any ordinary man can raise them, sir."
Time.' - . -
Two vagrants called ori a kind lady
in the suburbs of New York. "To
which of you two shall I give this
nickel?" she asked.. First tramp
"Give it to him, madam. He has pur
chased the route from me, and I am
just taking him around to introduce
him to the customers.' Texas Si flings.
Not Used to Traveling. Stranger
(at hotel tar)--"Best whisky, please.'
Bartender (severely) "This is a pro
hibition town, sir." Stranger "Ah,
excuse me." (moving away.) Bar
tender (excitedly) '" Great; Scott,
stranger, haven't you sense enough to
get sick?" Drake's Magazine.
Editor Society Journal (to repor
ter) "Mr. Jinks, the directors have
ordered me to raise your salary. You
bring m more society scandal than all
the other reporters put together."
Jinks "Thank you. The advance will
be handed over to my wife. It is hers
by right." Editor "How so?" Jinks
"She is the secretary of the ladies
anti-gossip club." Cartoon. ,
A gentleman who has recently
aken up French, and wno loses no op
portunity of airing the little knowledge
he has thus far acquired of that lan
guage by translating and pronouncing
6uch words and phrases as his friends
might encounter in his presence, was
thus addressed by an acquaintance:
"If you only knew as much English as
you do French, what a success you
would boV Texas Siftings.
- CLUMSY DIRECTNESS.
The Moat Common Way ef Giving Offease
la an ITaeoBSeiovs Way.
Some people are perpetually giving
offense, in tne most unconscious way.
"Now,, do let me propose you as a
member," says Smith. "But suppose
they blackball me?" replies Brown.
Pooh! Absurd! Why, my dear fel
low, there's not a man in the elub that
knows you even!" A lady very de
sirous of concealing the awful fact that
she is the same age as her husband,
observed to a visitor: "My husband is
forty; there are just five years between
ns." Vis it passible ?" was the unguard
ed reply of her friend. "I give you nay
word, you look as young as he does."
As unexpected must have been the re
ply of the husband whose wiie said:
You have never taken me to the
cemetery." "No, dear," he answered ;
that is a pleasure I have yet in antici
pation. It is related of a portrait
painter that, having recently painted
the portrait of a lady, a critic who had
Just dropped in to see what was going
on in" the studio, exclaimed: "It is
very nicely painted; but why do you
take such an ugly model?" "It is my
mother," calmly replied the artist. "O,
pardon, a thousand times!" from the
critic in great confusion. "I ought to
have perceived it. She resembles you
completely." On a similar occasion, a
facetious friend, inspecting a portrait,
said to the artist: "And this ia Tom
Smith, ia it? Dear, dear! And I re
member him, such a handsome, jolly
looking chap a month ago. Dea, dear!
From the following, it would seem that
the ceremonious Orientals are not
above marring their politeness by an
occasional speech apropos of the sub
ject in hand. Some European ladies,
passing through Constantinople, paid a
visit to a certain high Turkish function
ary. The host offered them refreshments
including a variety of sweetmeats, al
ways taking care to give one of the
ladies double the quantity he gave to
the others. Flattered by this marked
attention, she put the question, through
the interpreter: "Why do you serve
me more liberally than the rest?"
"Because you have a larger mouth,
was the straightforward reply--
Two men in Seattle, W. T., evi
dently do not believe in compromise.
They bought adjacent pieces of land.
A house stood upon one lot, and one
hundred dollars worth of the building
projected onto the other lot. The one
hundred dollar man employed carpen
ters to cut off his end of the house.
The plan of stupefying birds with
whisky, so that their capture can be
more easily accomplished, was success
fully tried on quail by an enterprising
fellowat Santa Cruz, CaL Quail
abound "there, and large catches were
mjulia , ".V