The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898, December 14, 1888, Image 1

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JI. Y. K I UK PATRICK Publishers
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. (LOCAL.)
Nation, tw-rliue 15 eenU
L"IGK. KO. 44. A. V. A. M.: MofU
w their lt ball in niasomc uiic. on mwiiuj
u. on or beror. the full w M
LEBAKOff LOtKJK. 'C 47, 1. O. O. F.: McU S.
l... iilni -h w..k. at CklJ Fellow Fl ilL
Main street; tteitiug Vrethrea oonliully lnvilil to
attend. J. 4. tuAui.iv.1, u.
HONOR LOPOE NO. A. O. T W , Lebanon,
Onvw: MmU even first and Hard Thursday .ren
ins in the month. F. U. HOSCOK. M. W.
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
General Collection and Notary Public
Business Promptly Attend to.
Mmufacturer at
Hnmnts and Hraatr,
A IX kixds of cexeteby ivokk
Opp- Rere Honse, ALBANY. OREGON.
A Double Circular Water Power
Saw Mill.
Near Lebanon, Or.
Capacity about 6003 feet per day. Also, 4
acres of land on which the sawmill
is located.
PRICE, 2,000
Also 1 ave a large stock of
At lowest market rates for cash,
ti. w. WHEELKK, Lebanon. Or.
Artistic Photographer,
Enlarging from Small Pictures. In
stautaneous Process.
Groceries and Provisions,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
ilaeensware and Glassware,
Lanpa and Lamp Fixtures.
Main 8U Lebanon. Ores".
Sweethome, Oregon,
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
The table is supplied with the very best the
market affords.
Nice clean beds, and satisfaction guaranteed
to all guests.
In connection with the above house
Keeps a Feed and Sale Stable, and will
accommodate tourists and travelers with
teams, guides and outfits.
Proprietors of the
LiTsry, Sal8 ana Fees StaMes
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks,Har
ness and
For parties going to Brownsville, "Wa
terloo, Sweet Home, Soio, and all
parts of Linn. County.
All kinds of Teaming
r- '
An increase of pension has been
granted to Charles F. Fox, Seattle.
A railway postoftico service has been
established on the line of tho Northern
Pacific and Puget Sound Shore rail
roads, between Seattle at Tacoma, W.
The following fourth-class postmas
ters : have I e-eu commissioned : At
Eohs.Or., Sylvester Wilson ; At Jewell,
Or., Charles A. Bottom ; and at Kip
am, W. T., Henry Caretenu.
The pension department has granted
a pension to Elizabt-th Quinn, if Can
yon ville, Or. Her husband was a sol
dier in the Mexican War.
Representative Hernia!! has secured
a pension and considerable back pay
Y-r Christopher Lehman, an old sol
dier cf Dongks county. Or., who was
wounded in the civil war.
Danitl W. Barker has been ap
pointed postmaster at Cherryville,
Clackamas county, Oregon, in place
of William L. Young, who has been
Itaac N. Sargent, postmaster at
Mitchell, Crook, county, Or., has re
signed, and James H. O-tkes has been
appointed in his place.
The following resident of Oregon
has teen granted a pension : Mexican
survivor, Henry Fillcry, Perrydale.
An increase of pension has been
granted to John Stock, Biker'city.
Secretary Vilas has informed Sen
ator Mite hi 11 that he has just arranged
to complete the allotment of the lands
of the Umatilla reservation, in accord
ance with the terms of the act passed
at the latt session of congress.
Patents have reea granted as fol
lows: Oregon John 6. George, New
port, gold se para ting apparatu . Nev
ada Sands Wtrman, Gol 1 Hill,
bicycle and wheel (two patents).
Idaho Charles Smith, Pocatello,
locomotive boiler.
The hou?e committee on river and
harbor improvements held an in
formal meeting, end it was agreed to
prepaie a biil at once. The prospect,
however, of a river and harbor bill be
ing signed by the president, is so dis
mal that it requires much effort to get
either branch of congress to enter
heartily into the work of preparing one.
The attorney-general has decided
tliat the secretary of the interior has
no authority of law to permit the
W ashmgton & Idaho Railroad Com-1
pany to construct, under the act of
May 18, 18S3, a railroad through the
Coeur d'Alene Indian reservation in J
Idaho territory, in advance of the as- j
certain men t, fixing and actual pay
ment of the compensation provided
for in the act.
In the senate Senator Mitchell in
troduced a resolution, which was
agreed to, direetine the secretary of
the treasury to transmit to the senate !
copies of tho settlement between the
United States and Oregon, on account
of the sum of $ 70,268 appropriated by
congress to pay the Modoc war claims;
also a statement of the 5 per cent,
claims on account of cash sales of
public lands.
Commodore Stockton, who, with
Capt. Dahan and Commodore Hester,
constitute the board appointed by the
secretary of the navy to select a site
for a navy yard on the Northwest
coast, stated that the board would
probably start within tbe next ten
days to examine the Pacific coast for j
that purpose. Ine coast oi Oregon i
and ashmgton territory wm oe tnor
oughly examined for an eligible loca
tion. The site selected will probably
be on Puget Sound, or thereabouts.
The fish commission ha written to
Senator Dolph that he proposes to
take up and ship, in January next, a
carload of lobsters and white fish to
the coast of Oregon. The car will be
dispatched from Wood's Holl, with a
number of mature lobsters, sufficient
to establish several colonies at suit
able points on the of Oregon
and Washington territory. At North
ville station some seven or eight mil
lions of white fish eggs will be taken
on and hatched en route. The white
fish will be planted in Wyoming and
Dakota, as well as in Oregon.
Commenting upon prospective work
for Oregon, Representative Hermann
says that his attention will be chiefly
confined to measures introduced in the
last session of congress, and still pend
as unfinished business. The chief of
iheBe which remain pending is the In
dian depredation bill, providing for a
final adjustment of spoliation claims.
This passed the hous j and is now be
fore the senate, where it was not con
sidered at the close of the last session.
Then come bills for light house and
life saving stations at the mouths of
the Suislaw and Coquille rivers, pub
lic building bills for Portland and
appropriation of arms for the " Oregon
militia, which passed through the
house last session, but which was not
then considered by the senate; bill
forfeiting the Northern Pacific rail road
land grant between Wallula and Port
land, which passed the house and is
now in conference between the two
houses; wagon road land forfeiture
bills ; pensions to Oregon Indian war
survivors ; and the Indian war debt
The project for a boat railway on the
Columbia river at The Dalles may be
considered. Here, however, in the
event of success, the danger of veto
is great, in view of the president's
well known reluctance to authorize
expenditures forjnternal revenue im
provements. It is certainly much to be regretted
that so few farmers keep accurate re
cords of their operations. . A double
loss results to themselves and to the
public. It is an absolute loss to any
man to have no actual knowledge of
his business affairs, based upon re
corded facts. And it is a public loss
liairn rn aff nraiA rpcord of the re
sults of the most important industry
.1. .-.
nai ujmju wuiuu
""""" . :- found
Blaine is sid to contemplate writ
ing another book.
Two cases of small pox have ap
peared in South Chicago.
General Longstreet called upon
General Harrison Monday.
Congressman McKinley says that he
is in the race for the Speakership.
In Imlhinapolis theie is a belief that
Blaine will not enter the Cabinet,
Leaky gaa jets are causing the death
of beautiful shade trees in Baltimore.
Busm is supplying Montenegro
with munitions of war.
A general and immediate strike of
colliers in Be'giam has been decided
The Tope has been advised by
France to leave.. Rome iirraso of a
rupture between France and Italy.
It is now knov. definitely that Em
peror William is confined with ear
complaint and not became of a cold.
Lord Lansdowne, Viceroy of India,
was received at Bombay with unusual
ceremony at hui landing.
Gladstone, in the House of Com
mons, attacked the Irish policy of the
Government and Balfour replied.
Boston is holding a Fair to raise
money to build colleges for Indians iu
A bullet fired at a Chicago ma-j
struck a penny in his pocket and was
turned aside.
The agitation in New York against
"coins? out between ttflp" crntcsi nnnr'p
- J x -
among New York theater frequenters.
The Press is to be the name of the
new Republican oran to be started in
A band of regulators is terrifying
and maltreating negroes in South
Jackson and Clay counties, Tthin.
The London times is enraged over
the collection ol money in this coun
try for the defense of Mr. Parncll.
Albany proposes to have a "winter
carnival," and the Common Council
has voted aid to the amount of fl.OOO.
L. Houston and J. Haxelwood fa
tally shot each other oa the steps of a
church at Elco, Illinois, Sunday.
Mrs. Jennie Greenwell killed her
husband at Grand Tower, 111 , Monday.
Jealousy was the cause.
John XV. Young, a son cf Brigham
Young, and a Mormon apostle, will
reside ic Washington, D. C, perma
nently. Tammany proposes to coatrol the
National Bank in which the bulk of
the New York city funds will be de
posited. The exclusion of the colored chil
dren from the public schools of Felic
ity, Ohio, has created a bitter feeling
between the two races.
Bancroft, the historian, is suffering
from a severe cold and his friends are
uneasy. The age of Mr. Bancroft is
Proctor Knott of Kentucky is
spoken of as the probable successor
of Civil Service Commissioner Oberly,
who has resigned.
The Democrats of West Virginia, it
is believed, have succeeded in count
ing in Fleming, the Democratic can
didate for Governor.
A Washington Territory colony
plan has been organized in Chicago.
Land will be bought and Chicago peo
ple will cultivate it.
Sherman's going into the Cabinet is
said to depend upon the assurance
that Foraker will not be his successor
to the Senatorship.
The Interstate Commission has de
cided that free passes given by rail
roads ss compensation for securing
business are illegal.
VeteranB of General Harrison'a
Seventeenth Iadiaua Regiment 100
strong hope to have the post or
honor at the inauguration.
Jersey City Police Commissioners
removed the Chief of Police before the
election, because he set hU men to
hunting up fraudulent voters.
The Commercial Bank of Odessa
has ordered the construction of twelve
gun-boats for use in behalf of Monte
negro. It is reported that very important
fortifications are being erected in
Savoy, outide of the neutral zone of
the Franco-Italian frontier.
King Milan has returned all of Na
talie's presents and ordered that she
shall be addressed hereafter as "Mrs.
Natalie de Keezko."
The plans and specifications of the
life-saving station on the Pacific Coast
ordered to be built by Congress, are
nearly ready and the work is being
William Langley Northam died yes
terdav in New York. The deceased
was a California pioneer and one of
the founders of Sacramento city. He
was eighty-two years old.
Mrs. James G. Blaine, Jr., has de
cided to become an actress, but will
not drop the contemplated suitaginast
the Blaine family for the alienation of
her husband's affections.
Rumor in Washington says Wil
liam R. Hearst has married Theresa
Powers, a woman with hom he was
very friendly while he was at Harvard
College, and that ho lias gone to rans,
The annual preduct of honey in
America is 28,000,000 pounds, or half
a pound apiece to the population. In
1880 Tennessee made 2,131,000 ; New
York. 2,089,000; Ohio, 1,627,000;
North Carolina, 1,501,000 ; Kentucky,
1,500,565 ; and seven other States
Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, -Iowa,
Michigsn, Pennsylvania and Virginia
produced more than 1.000,000
jy--" .-ch ; altogether in the States
' - - - -n half t'. . Ttro-
A. Minnesota farmer believos that no
fodder is equal to green amber cane
for producing butter.
Feed the calf well. Scant feed
means a scant calf, and with uch a
calf a scant cow is the sure result.
The latest competition threatening
British farmers is the importing of
bailed hay from the United Stitcs.
The State of New York is the second
barley-producing State in the country,
and the largest producer of hops.
California's production of dried
fruit has increased from C,070,000
pounds in 1883 to 26,603,000 pounds
in 1887.
An orange tree in the gardeus of
Versailles is four hundred and fifty
years old. It was planted by Eleanor
of Castile in 1416.
Cull the fowls very closely. It will
not pay to winter disqualified birds.
There is more success with fewer birds
and higher prices.
Experience proves that cows which
have a due allowance of salt give
milk richer than those which are not
supplied with salt.
Iu feeding skim milk to calves lin
seed null, or a little flaxseed jelly,
should be added to replace the cream
which has been removed.
A few quince trees in a rich soil will
often give very profitable returns. In
many eases of failure the cause is the
pxr soil in which the trees are grow
ing. With fruit growing as with every
other business success can only be aa
suroJ by hard work snd erserverance
with careful attention to the small
items of work.
Galen Wilson says that a speedier
and cleaner way to remove the skin of
new potatoes, than the common prac
tice of scraping with a knife, is to use
a '-scrubbing brush."
Peter Henderson says that after the
cabbnge maggot is once developed, no
application will kill it that will not at
the same time kill the plant. Drawing
the earth away from the stems, thus
destroying the eggs before they hatch,
if carefully followed, will savo the
Every feeder who has given his hogs
close attention knows that after the
hogs have reached a certain stage as
regards to growth keeping any longer
is an expense with very little profit.
Probably the best tonic for fowls is
the Douglass mixture: Take cue
pound of sulphate of iion and two
ounces of sulphuric acid and dissolve
in one gallon of water. Add one
tablespoonful of this mixture to one
gallon of drinking water tor the birds.
Remove the droppings from the
poultry houses every morning instead
of once or twice a week, as is often di
rected. If this practice were strictly
adhered to there would be less disease
among poultry and better results
It is observed that "the mass of the
butter sold goes for half price, year in
and out, largely becauee it is churned
at the wrong temperature by persons
too stingy or too etupid to invest in a
good thermometer. A variation of
five degrees from the standard spoils
or greatly injures either butter or
The wood harvest, for keeping us
warm, and the ice harvest, for keep
ing us cool, go right along together on
the farm, without much reflection as
to how these artificial wants, from be
ing luxuries formerly, have become
necessities and are constantly increas
ing in their demands upon us.
The moure pest in Australia is much
worse thn the rabbit pest. The cli
mate is so soft that they have thriven
enormously, and there is said to be
"hardly a residence or store that is not
pestered by the plague, while from
every side come tales of crops de
voured so rapidly that many fields
have had to be abandoned, what was
left not being worth reaping."
Where raspberries and other small
fruits are grown in the garden, and
the labor is not great for so doing,
they should be banked up with dirt as
a protection to the roots and canes
against frosts. Trees are also bene
fited by having earth banked against
them. The earth should be removed
in the spring and the ground leveled.
The first grand exhibition of the
Ohio Valley Fanciers' Club will be
given in Cincinatti December 12th to
19th, inclusive, lt promises to be the
finest display of poultry, pigeons and
net stock ever witnessed in the West,
Full particulars and entry blanks can
be procured from tho secretary, W. C.
Riedington, 470 Baymuler street, Cin
cinnati, Ohio.
On a recent morning every can of
milk coming into. New York was ex
amined by the State dairy inspectors.
The total number of cans inspected
was 5,728, and of this number only
fifteen of a doubtful character were
found. Samples of these were taken
for analysis, They showed a light per
centage of cream, indicating that the
milk had been skimmed. The result
of the inspection shows that the milk
now coming to the city over the rail
roads named is of better quality than
ever before. .
. No farmer is a good feeder who doe
not study the individual peculiarities
of his animals. Some require more
than others, and to give too much is
as bad as to feed too sparingly. In
the same litter of pigs Borne will be
larger than others. Some will fatten
readily, while others just as . thrifty
will grow long and, large in frame,
with less fat.. These last, whether
male or female, should be reserved for
breeding. Food has something to do
with this, but ind"idual peculiarities
of rr- ar; . quif
Portland Market Report.
WHEAT Valley, $1 45$1 471
Eastou Oregon, 91 40.
BARLEY Whole, $0 851 00;
ground, per ton, ?20 002i 60.
OATS Milling, 32J31c.
HAY Balotl, $10f 13.
SEED Blue Grass, 1215c.; Tim
othy, 78c.; Red Clover, ll12j.
FLOUR Fatent Roller, $5 00;
Country Brand, $4 75.
EGGS Per dos, 35c.
B UTTE It Fane v roll, imr rx.imd
25c; pickled, 22125c: inferior
graue, zj(5zz3.
CHEESE Eastern, 13c; Ore
gon, 13a 14c; California, lie.
VEGETABLES Beets. Tr aa-k.
91 .00 ; cabbage, per lb., lc ; carrots,
persic., i a; lettuce, per dox. JUc;
onions, $ 85 ; potatoes, per 100 lbs.,
40c.; radish-, tier dot., 1520c.;
rhubarb. ier lb., 6c.
HONEY la comb, per lb., 18c.;
strained, 5 gal. tins, per lb. 8c.
POULTRY Chickens, per dox..
13 OOaS 50: ducks, ner dot.. 5 OOrti
6 00; geese, 96 007 00; turkeys,
p;r ii., izje.
PROVISIONS Oregon hams, 14c
per !b. ; Eastern, 15&16c; Eastern
breakfast bacon. 142. ter lb.: Oreimn
10($llc; Eastern lard, 10lljc. per
lb.; Oregon, 10o.
ta 65c: Sicilr lemons. 86 00ra6 50
California, f 6 O06 60 ; Naval or ang-is
$6 00; Riverside, 95 00; Mediterra
nean, 94 25.
DRIED FRUITS Snn driwl an.
pies. 5c. Per lb.: machine dried. 10 in
llo, pitleea plums, 9c,; Italian
prunes, iodize. ; peaches, iullc;
raisins, 92 40(2 50.
HIDES Dry beef hides, 12(13c.:
culls, 6 7c; kip and calf, 10 12c;
Marram, IU lze. ; tallow, 44Jc. ;
WOOL Valley, 17 Q 20c: Eastern
Oregon. 83l5c !
LUMBER Rough, per M, 910 00;
edged, per M, 912 00; T. and G.
sheathing, per M, 913 00 ; No. 2 floor
ing, per M, 918 00; No. 2 ceiling, per
M.flS 00; No. 2 rustic, per M. 918 00;
clear rough, per M, 920 00 ; clear P. 4
g, per M, f22 50; No. 1 flooring, per
M, 922 50; No. 1 ceiliue. per M,
22 60; No. 1 rustic, per M, 922 50;
stepping, per M, 925 00; over 12
inches wide, extra, fl 00; lengths 40
to 50, extra, 92 00; lengths 50 to 60,
extra, 94 00; 1$ lath, per M, 92 25;
If lath, per 11, fa oO.
COFFEE Quote Salvador, 17 to
rife.; Java, 24 to 26Jc.; Arbuckle's's
readied, 22 ?.
MEAT Beef, wholesale, 24(a3c:
dressed, 6c. ; sheep, 3c; dresed, 6c;
hogs, dressed, bj7c; veal, o7c
BEANS Quote small whites, 94 50;
pink", 93; bayos, 93; butter, 94 50;
LinMi, 94 50 per cental.
I ICKLES Kecs quoted steady at
9! 35.
SALT Liverpool grades o! fine
quoted 918, f 19 and 920 for the three
sixes ; stock salt, 910.
SUGAR Prices for barrels ; Golden
C,6ic ; extra C, 71c; dry granulated
8c; crushed, fine crushed, cube and
powdered, eje ; extra C, 6o. ; halves
and boxes, 4c. higher.
The Australian Government is build
ing a fence of wire netting eight thou
sand miles long, to divide New South
Wales and Queensland, in order to
keep the jack rabbits out of the latter
country. Australia is paying not less
than 9125,000 per year to keep the
pests down in what is known as Crown
lands. The offer is still kept up of
9100,000 to any man who will produce
something that will exterminate the
Although immense quantities of
Chicago dressed beef are daily shipped
to Eastern points for consumption,
and sold at prices paying heavy pro
fits to the dressed-beef magnates of
the West, yet the trade in dressed
mutton has not been so succes-fully
conducted. The principal reason
seems to be that almost immediately
the mutton is removed from tli3 re
frigerator car, and hung iu the provis
ion store, it turns black,, its unsightly
appearance checking its sale. '
As a general rule the following con
stitutes a carload : 20,000 pound or
70 barrels of salt, 70 of lime, 90 of
flour, 60 of whisky, 200 sacks of flour,
6 cords of hardwood, 7 cords of Boft
wood, 18 to 20 head of cattle, 50 to 60
head of hogs, 80 to 190 head of sheep,
340 bushels of wheat, 360 of corn,
680 of oats, 400 of brrley, 360 of ap
ples, 330 of Irish potatoes, 356 of
sweet potatoes, 1,000 bushels of bran.
Stronger cars are now built to carry
much heavier loads.
An apple should never at any time,
while being handled or stored, become
cooler than the surrounding atmos
phere. If it does not it will never
"sweat," for this "'sweat" is simply at
mcspherio moisture, precipitated up
on the cool apple, precisely as it is
precipitated on the outside of a pitch
er of ice water in summer. An ap
ple can not be made to "sweat ' m any
true sense. The skin of all sound,
smooth apples is nearly as air and
water tight as India rubber.
A Tompkins County correspondent
of the New York Tribune writes: "It
is profitable business raising winter
lambs, but, like any other, success is
the reward ol close attention. Limbs
last winter Bold for 912 in January,
and then along down to $6 in the last
of April. The extra feed and care for
the ewes is nearly paid for in their su
perior condition for mutton in early
spring, when mutton is scarce. A
shepherd can care for a herd of one
hundred and fifty ewen, and have an
easy time doing it. If this is not bet
ter than selling lambs in the fall at
six months of age for $3, the price
here now, I would. like to be corrected.
2. The ewes aro shorn soon after com'
ing into winter quarters, else, owing to
the temperature (60 degrees) kept up
with best results with lambs, the ewes
would shed their wool before spring
A visit to a winter lamb raiser last sea'
son, who had-neglected shearing, re
vealed a sorry, ragged-looking fleck of
ewes. It may be here remarked that
with properly constructed quarters no
artificial heat is neces -iv The sheep
B-enerate too mur-h m
...... a ,fl ' a . ...
Lock of th EJttle niostrmted Paper ol
Thirty-! Yean Ago.
I have not seen it stated in any of the
sketches of bis career that Lester Wallack
was at one tlnio an editor. And although
be was Bach in a comparative sense only, the
fact, nevertheless, Is worthy of record. In
ia3 tbe late John Brougham originated and
published a little Illustrated paper here, mod
eled after The London Punch, calling it The
AJintern. its name nas a brilliant one.
Once a week all the leading contributors
and artitits connected with the paper used to
meet at dinner, as do tbe artints and editors
of I'unch today, to make suggestions for and
decide opon tho principal cartoon to be
printed in tbe next issue.
Tho mooting was held vcry Saturday tiieht
at Windust's, a famous restaurant on Park
row, and after every oue had dulled their
raculties with well served viands and mud
dled their brains with innumerable draughts
of sherry and ale, cigars would be lit, the
ornnuy decantur parsed around and John
Brougham sitting at the head of the table,
with Lester Wallack at the other end. would
call the meeting to order and tbe business of
the evening would begin. The assemblage
generally broke op at about 3 in the morn
ing; and when tbe subject for ttao cartoon
bad at length been decided upon, my old
friend Frank Bellew would go home and
make the design. la the editorial duties f
the paper, Lester Walack, so Mr. Brougham
has told rac, was his right hand man whilo
a Mr. Tinson, whom if I am not mistaken,
was a carpet mannxaetorer, wittt no ability
whatever ia art or letters, was chief adviser.
Just why these two gentlemen were chosen
it is imposs ble to say, for their artistic and
general ideas were far inferior to those of
others in the party. Nevertheless the fact
The contributors to Tbe Lantern were all
liien of geniur. They belonged to a certain
set that marl ed a sort of Elizabethan era in
the annals ol Jxew York Journalism. There
was Fits James O'Brien, the author of many
charming bits of verse, and an able literary
and dramatic critic, who enlisted fa tht
L nioa army at the breaking out of tbe war.
and was killed while serving as aide-de-camp
to Gen. Lander. There was Thomas Dunn
English, one of the few who survive today.
notwithstanding tbe bitter attacks made upon
his character by Edgar Allan Poe attacks
which were calculated to kill outricht enT
ordinary man. Thomas Power, who was
christened Micawber by the party, both for
bis traits in common with, as well as bis re
semblance to that gentleman, and William
r.orth, author of "The Slave of the Lamp,"
and who afterward committed suicide, were
also members cf the Lantern club. Thomas
Butler Gunn, who stammered so that no one
could understand what be said, but who was.
nevertheless, a very able writer and artist,
ws another of The Lantern's leading con
tributors, and there are many more whose
ghosts I might conjure np were it worth
while dolt'g so. John Prestoa Beecher in
tcw lork 2ews.
r. rani's Indian Scare.
"It is difficult to realize." said a lady who
has resided ia St Paul from the early days,
'that we had such a scare about the Indians
in this city twenty-sis years ago, dnrin? tho
Indian troubles. I hre was a good deal of
excitement U over the city for two or three
days. I remember one day an old colored
woman casno in great excitement to my
house and said she had bard the governor
had ordered the whole population t-3 leave the
city at once tho Indians were marching on
us, fully armed and thirsting for our blood.
She rushed away, saying she was going to
pack up and leave, A German woman who
lived on tbe other side of the block, and
whose l"t was r pposite mine, barricaded her
door with her buresu and bed, end got her
ax ready to defend herself and, ia an extrem
ity, to chop down the fence and take refuge
in our house, tnjiras fahv convinced an
attack would I made that uigbt.
Toward evening on that day several of
my neighbors began tock np, having heard
that the Indians had captured St. Anthony
and were about to give their attention to St
I auL Ono or two families living near me
packed np what they could conveniently
carry and rushed down to Bridge square.
where many persons were assembled, expect
ing every moment to bear the war whoop of
the savages. Our carriago horses were taken
by the state for service during the campaign.
Oue of them, a very flue horse, was shot dead
In the first battle with the Indians. 1 con
fess I was somewhat nervous. These were
really very trying times; but St Paul, of
course, was in no danger of attack." The
Casual Listener in Pioneer Press.
Golden Rods and Asters.
Vicfs Magazine thinks that these grouped
together should be accepted as our national
Dowei-s "emblems of endurance, light and
freedom." After midsummer, in this coun
try, our rural landscape is everywhere bright
ened by the golded rods and asters; they form
a distinct and beautiful feature of the scenery.
The ayes of our countrymen are everywhere
gladdened by their smiles, north and south,
east and west, on the hills and the mono
tail sides, in the valleys and on the broad
prairies, by the roadsides and the streams,
and in the field and copses they stand as
tokens of the genial beat that briugs from the
Mil tho golden grains and the beautiful, lus
cious fruiti No other country in the world
is thus characterized; these plants belong to
America, and as such ' should be our pride
and delight
V hile on this continent there are from six
ty to seventy species, and perhaps more, of the
olidagos, or golden rods, and nearly all of
them of vigorous habit, growing from a foot
to eight feet in height, all the world besides
affords less than a dozen, and these for tbe
most part of small size and confined to few
localities of limited area, and always in such
mall numbers as to make them rare plants;
The species of asters in this country are still
mere numerous than those of the golden rod.
Both are the children of the sun, basking in
his favors and reflecting, his smiles. Although
many indigenous species of flower are pecul
iar to this country, yet none, so abound and
apparently claim possession as these. Home
A Typical Adirondack Guide.
Tho great character of our party was the
driver, Charley a chap who is as hard to
catch asleep as an old weaseL He is as trim
built as an Indian runner, as quick as a
greyhound, and can so exactly imitate the
bound in full chase that it will puzzle aa old
hand to tell which is the real hound. Ha
teems made of whalebone, trimmed with
India rubber. He will start out towards tbe
east with a couple of dogs attached by a
chain to bis waist, another he leads, and his
own two travel in front, with them he holds
general conversation on the way. Within
three hours he will start each dog after a
Kparate deer, and by khort cuts or by soma
hocus pocus, he will be up with one or more
of them coming in from tbe opposite direc
tion, join his voice, and by tbe time tbe deer
Is killed, he is on band to join in the hilarity
rod fun usual on such occasions. . This in
imitable fellow has but one fault, and I do
sot know that you would term it such; you
sight say it was proof of bis game ho can
lot eat venison; it makes him tick, and we
Lad to feed him on pork. Forest and Stream,
The controversy on inspiration
bewilders some people. A lady, who
has heard assertions frequently made
that certain parts of the Bible are not
inspired, is anxiously inquiring for an
"inspired" preacher, so that she may
be secure against mistake,
Among the Tarious "correspond
ence schools" which have of late come
to be, hxA we trust to stay, is the
"American School of Politics," de
voted to tie study of the science of
politics, political history, American
institutions, and public questions of
NO. 40.
Americans, as st Class, Un To Fast to
Live long The Strong Mail's Great Mis
take The Old Gourmand at the Cafe.
The Bible speaks of three score years and
ten as tbe age to which man may reasonably
look forward. It seems as if at least seventy
equable, contented and happy yeaM full of
such comfort and gratification as the mem
bers of each class in the community hsv
severally a right to expect should and
might be within tbe reach of every man and
woman. In some countries, however, we fina
this to be much more nearly tbe case than
with us. Americans, as a role, live too fast
to live lor. 2. Every person is originally en
don ed with about so large a stock of vitality,
out of which to fashion his life. .
It amounts to nothing more, nor Jess than
tbe simplest of problems in arithmetic to
show that if be draws upon this stock twice
as heavily aa be should tbe duration of his
existence will dhly be one-half of what it wa
originally intended to be. Indeed, the mat
ter stands much worse than this; his life is
likely to be at any moment suddenly cut off
short long before reaching even the half. A
steam engine may use up its fuel in two
weeks or one, a-cordicg to the rate at which
it is driven ; if it is sufficiently overworked
the result may bo a general "smash," or such
an injury as wUl necessitate a long and
tedious "stopping for repairs," if, indeed, it
ever becomes "as good as new." We hardly
seem ready to recognize the bounds estab
lished by natn-e, bat when we have reached
them, in our greed ami ambition, we summon
our will, and, as tbe expression runs, "live
upon our nerve," congratulating ourselves on
our praiseworthy display of American go
aheadatiTcncss." Unfortunately nature has
not yet becomo sufficiently progressive in her
ideas to manufacture constitutions expressly
for the American market, and in the midst of
our triumphant tour de force, click, some
thing snaps, and we vanish from the stage or
break down for years, perhaps for life.
In every community such "breakdowns
may be pointed out on every side, and many,
even cf our most "successful" men, freely
confess tacy have paid too high a price for
their prosperity. The prizes of existence are
so great wkh us, and seem to be so within
the grasp of ail, that practically all set out
to win them. Each is unflagging and mcrcK
less to himself in his grim resolve to obtain
that for which ho is striving. He works day
and night, including holidays, and not intrc
qoently Sundays; he refuses to take timo tc
eat bis meals properly, and in such a sense
less luxury as a vacation ha never dreams of
indulging; amusement he regards asfrivo
loas, and as abstracting too much valuable
time from the prosecution of the all absorb
ing project Every waking minute be keeps
hbt brain grinding away over ways and
means, and not improbably the hours which
a sensible man would devote to sleep ha un
naturally curtails for the same purpose. The
social competition runs equally high with
that of bu-iness. Of course, in the path
way k treads be jostles and is jostled by
competitors, and in a nature so tense and set
in so groat aa endeavor as is his, the constant
and wearing, though almost unperceived.
play of the emotions as envy, jealouy,
untred, disappointment, etc. is very great
Occasionally, ct some "close shave,""or oaie
.riiisfrf failure or success, be experiences a
criminating spasm cf feeling that shake:
Urn t his very center. Perhaps not satisfied
-r:th this existence of abnormal and unhy-jir.-e
physical habits and unnatural mental
t:id emotional strain, once in a while, when
j "racket" beccc-es too intense to be for
'.2 time being endured, be varies tbe mo
:otony not as he should do, with a change
f tiTiio, a quiet, wholesome life, amusement
al rest, but by plunging into a period of
iistipation for the purpose of drowning hit
JtH-ries and cares. But, ruinous at any time,
.he cfTect upon his overworked nerves end
distracted eonstuuuori of such a course must
naturally be greatly intensified. He could
scarcely take a more suicidal step.
"Diod suddenly." How few realize witb
what startling frequency in this country that
report goes oat The strong man foohsoly
fancies he is practically inaccessible to ail
ment and death, and so pushes on in his ex
aggerated expenditure f energy until toe
Ite insulted nature bestows upon him the
logical punishment he has so persistently
ccui-ted. "We do fade as tbe leaf is the
delusion wo fondly bug, while we think oi
d-.eth as afar off. Yet every day, simply
from faults of his own committing, many an
unfortunate is hurried into the presence oi
bis ilafcer without an instant's warning. Oi
the tv.enty-five deaths reported by a New
York contemporary one day last week nine
were sudden. Some of us may wish that
such may be our fata that we die "in the
harness ' but to many such a thought is ter
rorizing; they pray that to them the end
come slowly that they may "ripen for the
What are tbe causes of sudden death as
by a stroke of lightning I They are not
many when only tbe so called natural acci
dents are considered. Death on the instant
may result from apoplexy, or bursting of an
anev .-ism within tho chest or abdomen; it
may be caused by the bursting of an abscess
within the chest Great mental shock as
from extreme anger or grief cr even joy
sometimes kills instantly through total
paralysis of the chief nerve centers. Cases
of sudden death from hemorrhages of the
lungs are on record, but they are few in
number. Diseases of tbe heart render the
subject liable to instant death, and they are
the most frequent causes.
As we grow old we should avoid those in
fluences which are likely to induce sudden
and great rush of blood to the head, such as
intense mental excitement as in public
speaking or in a fit of anger violent muscu
lar effort, gluttony and drunkenness, eta
While one dines at popular cafes he has but
to look about him sod he is quite sure to see
habits indulged provocative of apoplexy. A
familiar sight ia the man about 60 years old
whose highest pleasure is in tickling his pal
eta. He is overweight by fully fifty pounds;
his face is red and shining; be is full to burst
ing, and he looks as though every important
button on his clothing was threatened. One
on a warm day gives such a man as "wide a
berth" as he would a cookstove; he is alto
gether tea hot to sit near. He commences
his dinner with an appetizer generally a
cocktail. Then he deliberately "fills up,"
largely on meat and other "hearty" foods, all
of which are washed down with one at least,
and generally two bottles of lager beer. As
be eats and drinks with one band, he fans
himself vigorously with the other, all the
time growing redder and redder, and finally,
when be hoists himself cut of his chair, his
face takes a purplish hue in consequence ot
even that slight effort He Is like a violin
when in tone; every part of his system is
keyed up, and something is sure to break it
tbe unusual happens. Let such a man, soon
after dining, become 'violently enraged or
shocked by some unexpected calamity, and
the chances are an iUl. ui apoplexy ia the
consequence. Boston Herald.
A man, Ida wifo and three children
walked np to one of the drop-a-penny-in-the-slot-and-ascertain-your-correct-weight
machines In one of the North river ferry
houses. After examining it ho told his
three children to step on the platform of
tho scale, which they did. He then
dropped a cent into the slot and the hand
moved around to 203. Iio then told the
largest child to step oft, and as soon as he
did the hand moved back to 113, thus by
subtracting 113 from 203 he ascertained
tho weight of the child. In this manner
he also ascertained tho respective weights
of tbe other two children. His wife and
himself pot on the scales and were
lvcihcd ia a lLe manner. Ho j
cents - New J'"-. , -' - -
M Frintinjr Cons ca Slier! 'dice.
Legal Blanks, Business Card
Letter Heads. Bill Heac
Circulars,- : Post, Etc,
Executed In good atjie and at lowwt Hrindce.
Tho Accumulation of Slasoscri.
Now, It will hardly be said tlithon
are not more than t wo hundred ar: ;t
people In this country who earn tfc liv
ing by their pens, f do not know, X
act figures; nobody does; but I sho no:
bo surprised to learn that there m
least twenty times as many. Anhr
becomes of ail the work that tbesaol
produce? A great deal m taken upiht
cheap and obscure magazines, i t
weekly story pepers, f-.nd by thtijj
papers which are reached by the cora
tively new "syndicate" system, lei
theso are not enough; and yet the.n
all there are. There still remain-j
sands of writers who have) no vehioi
their productions, even when the-
such as the editors of the magazictc
papers wonld like to print. . '
Every editor will tell you and t&r
truly, in spite of the skepticism cf ?
of the rejected) that what ia Sered
fce gladly accepted, were not the ne -of
accepted and paid for eontribj
already in excess of what tho ma
can ever hope -to use. Tho Centur;
Harper's, for example, have la their',
ers MSS. enough to fill at least two ;
issue; many of these MSS. have beet
five years; some longer yet; oecasic
they wiii ??turn a paid for eontrib
to the author of it, with permissii
sell it again. It might even occur t.
magazine would accept a first rate ar
scarcely expecting to be able to use it
in order to prevent a rival from pah
ing it I cannot assert that this h&3 i
done; but it ia by no mtk-nn impossi
What is true of tho great magazine)
truo in proportion of the lesser ones.
supply exceeds the demand; and if
author were to write a lino from t
until 1S91, the periodicals would still hs
barely exhausted their over abundant s
plus, Julian Hawthorua ia Belford'a.
Old. Emperor William' Lore AfBair,
This stern conqueror's spirit was one
however, overcast with deep xnelanchol
A woman's love vanquished him, a pa
sion that exercised a gTeat influence ovi
his future history and life. This was i
perfect harmony with the aesthetical law
of contrast and with the more hums:
laws of contradiction. A lady of bono
attached to the court of hia mother, th
lovely Eliza Radziwill, enamored him t
such an extent that he finally resolved U
marry below bis rank. 4Tiia project
caused great scandal. Tho old courtier
and the old royalists considered it an act
of rebellion and an outrage against the
ancient privileges of monarchical govern-:
ment But some there were who found
la the quarterhrgs of this lady ancient '
titles of nobility and hi her genealogy
pure blue blood, of the genuineness oi
whose bluenes3 abundant proof existed- -This
marriage, nevertheless, would have
been undoubtedly a ' mesalliance," and
Prince William would have lost all right
to the throne of his fathers. William's
younger brother. Charles, declared that
he would claim for his own sons tho rieht
to succeed to tho throne iastead of the
eons of his elder brother. This bold
threat decided William to relinquish all
idea of wedding the woman he loved, ia
order to choose one cf his own rank.
Thus ho married Augusta, princess of
Weimar. This disappointment increased
the warlike inclinations f a wounded
heart. Foreign Cor. Boston Transcript.
Forms of Attack la War.
The attacks upon our country might be -made
from the land or from the sea. Land
attacks, either from tho north or south
border, are not to be greatly feared: for.-:
as we could easily bring- into, tfao field our
full strength, we would, ia such event,
have decidedly the advantage over aa ap
proaching enemy. Attacks from the sea,
that is, form the Gulf of Mexico, or from
either ocean,-would be aimed at our cities
on the seaboard, or at those within easy -reach
near the months of large navigable
streams; also at sizable harbors, impor
tant depots, coal mines near the chore
line, and navy yards. ; The enemy's navy
would strike our merchant marine wher
ever found, and would, "of course, if
strong enough, endeavor to defeat aad
destroy our navy afloat. American Mag
azine. t
Interview WKh Coin Collector.
"What are he mala requisites for mak
ing a collection?"
"Patience, energy and cash. To a be
ginner it is an unknown world; let him
trust in Divine Providence, find a re
sponsible dealer, and let him and ex
perience and intercourse with advanced
collectors be his guides- Avoid the dealer
who knows everything. Buy tho best; it,
as in all else, is the cheapest and most
satisfactory, and will hold its value best."
"What, after all. Is the good of it?"
"Let me, Yankee like, ask, what is the
harm? I look on it as aa enjoyable in
vestment, and, it is true, a hobby, but a
fascinating one. " Apersoanot 'afBicted' 1
can't appreciate it, but we collectors, be
ing possibly pitied by the outside world,
form a little world of our own. There
exists a good will, rivalry aad Free
masonry among us that is honorable,
grateful and sincere, and go where I will,
from Maine to California, I find 'coin
cranks,' and am welcome and agreeably
aad hospitably entertained. So those
coming here hunt me up. 25o other intro
duction than the fraternal, numismatic
feeling is required, and it is my pleasure
to exhibit my treasures and do the right
thing. Then, again, the old couplet saysj?
The intrinsic value of a thing "T
Is just as much as it will bring;
and a dollar that will realize the holder
eJW 1W Kit mm . vini t k-j .uiu.?xcu axvu-
one worth only 100 cents. Coins are not
as perishable as paintings, nor as fragile aa
china, aad I am mercenary eQxigh. to be
lieve that an investment of money in rare
coins will certainly prove reraunerative,
as evidenced by the past. More collectors
are constantly joining tl fold, uuLoins
are becoming rarer aad rarer, and while
ia the past few years . pursuit was a
pleasure, we now have too much pursuit
and too little possession."
"What coins are most In demand?"
"United States coins. Copper first, sil
ver next, gold very far Jast. There aro
three very good reasons for the collecting
of United States coins. First, familiarity
with the types, coins, etc, which pro
vents imposition of couaterfeits; second, .
oar coinage began ia 1793, is yet procura
ble aad not interminable -liko old foreign
countries; third, patriotism, as possibly
the coin I now hold may have been ia i
Washington's pocket once, and my wife
adds, the greatest advantage is she c&nj
when I am tired of them, spead them fof
lace auy way, wnure&a mo lureigxi cuius
etc, wouldn i pass .current. f;
"You wish your granddad had cart
fully put by a lot of old coins?"
"Just so, but had he done so, aad mat
more granddads the same, th euj-t-f
would be greatly increased, their pre at
aad prospective value impaired, eir ls$uiiMt and ' t in o- wfiTiM. to
a large extent, be devoid of the pltixa
ble excitement that now exists."-1!
Senator Stanford's Gnveyanl jfaimee.. ,
In writing' sbout the magnificent man,-
soleum which Senator Stanford ia erect
ing ia California for his final repose, an!
which a New York man ia having cut ct
the quarries in Vermoat, I had mislaid
the memoranda of measurements he had
given me, and which give some idea of
the vastness of tho funeral psla. Taeno
measurements, it will be remberc-d, ara
all cf the stone when cut and ready for
shipment. Tho center stone weighs 40
tons; two roof atoras weigh 23 to- h;
the gable stone vfsrhsr 2a tons, aad twC
other stones w-gbW 23 tons tv
used ia tho ecXstrurt-ioa.-. Two r
sphinxes, 8 f oet ia length yj teeu ,
and w- -3 tons uol. "' 7
-K cf the to-nb on-i K
?vt aud. a-.-.