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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 2, 1888)
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Legal Blanks, Business Cards,
Letter Heads, Bill Heads,
Circulars. Pesters, Et.
T.mtmUti In (nod ttfUt and si UwmM Mrl $f leas.
On nMur. Avw Inw-Mon .,,.,,,
k .Wtiloo! niKrttra,.
Noti-,-, ir lt m
H,il,r a.ivun.UmnenW inwirtml oiwn lUigml Wrm,
LEBANON, OREGON, FJU DAY, NOVEMHICR 2, 1888.
I.KItNON t.OlwlR. NO. , A. F A. Mj Mt
" "" iK(an "'i' W ASSOK, W. M.
UtHAV.iS t.Ol!R. K.V 47 I O O F .: M
. mtnr onming ' . ',,,1(?i,T"f,i3
....&...U tnlbie Nik A "f 7. W
tiu ttia m...Xh. F. U. UOSOOS M.W
A. R. CYRUS A CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
i.ernl Collect low and Notary I'uslte
Itaatneaa Promptly Attend te.
M. N. KECK.
DESICNER AND 8CULPiT,OR,
Monument and Heeastone.
F1JIR MOKVMKST8 A BPKOIALTT,
Ovp R -re Htm, ALBANY, ORKOOK.
SAW BIX LI.
A Double Circular Water Power
Neni Lebawm, Or.
Capacity about 500 feet per day. Also, 4
acres of land on which the sawmill
Also 1 ave a large stock ot
FIRST QUALITY LUMBER
At lowest market rates for cash.
. W. WHKKI.KIt. I.ehauen. r.
Enlarging from Small Pictures. In-
G. T- COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions.
TOBACCO & CICAR8,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
and Ijih, Fixtures.
Mala ., Lk,aa. OrfM.
ST. JOHN'S HOTEL
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
Tus table la supplied with the Tory bat th
Kiss eleaa beds, and aatiafaetlon guaranteed
te all gassta.
In connection with tlia above house
Keeps a Feed and Sale Stable, and will
-aeoommodate tourists and travelers with
teams, guides and outfits.
BURKHART & BILYEU,
Proprietors of the
IJYBry, Sala" aEfl FeslStaMes
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks,Har-
COOD RELIABLE HORSES
For paities going 1o Brownsville, W
terloo, Sweet Home, seio, ana all
parts of Liun County.
All kinds of Teaming
BURKHART & BILYEU
THE COUNTY SURVEYOR.
A notes; of Remarkable Importance and
Thoso of my dear readers who can
read and I suppose, without a doubt,
that a pood many of them can "will,
with llttlo dlfllculty, recall the awe In
which the magicians pf the olden Umo
wore hold by tholr follow mortals. This
awe and vonoratlon has a parallel In
niodoru life in the general rosptnrt and
consideration with which tho county
surveyor la treated on tho oooaslon of a
professional visit to one of the hemlats
in his territory.
EaiH-lv Jlmson and Solon MeGlll got
Into a wrangle over a new line fenoo
that nuirtt bo built, each wanting to
shove it over toward his neighbor a
little. Although the land In dispute
amountod to but little, they oould reach
no settlement of the dllHeulty without
the lines being 'run." So the county
surveyor is called in, and it is then that
his importance is manifested and his
vanity geta a whoWwale tickling.
Augustus Hlnga is not a man you
would pick out In a crowd as boin one
to whom the world at large would look
up with any remarkable degree of ven
eration; nor does he seem to expect it,
ns he walks among his teltow men in
the populous county seat. Hut when
he roaches the little town of I'unkinr
ville his dignity and importance have
grown to onormotis proiortions. los--ji'ly
it Is the ozone of the country afc
that has so remarkable an effect.
On this trip he is 'accompanied by a
youth who carries the chain and hojtls
the rvl with intention of ultimately
lc4u-nlng the mysteries of the profes
sion, and at last shining forth himself.
This youth is the cynosure of all eyes,
w far as the juvenile portion of tho
village is concerned,' and is envied as
being tho happy possessor of enormous
brain qualifications, thus to enable him
to act in the imjwrtant capacity In
which he does. All the elang phrases
which ho drops are eagerly snapped
up by his young admirers, and the
chestnuts that ho incidentally relates
pass current as the latest and best wit
for many a day.
It is only the assistant that jests.
however. The surveyor himself is
-self-contained, and scorns such frivol
ities, as being unseemly in a man so
ar advanced in science as ho Is. Ills
utterances are brief and sententious.
and confined mostly to sundry and dark
hints as to the capacity of the indi
vidual who run the lines before.
lVliberation and lack of hurry are
marked characteristics of our surveyor
on these trips, and it being so .near
noon ho does not undertake his work
mtil he has refreshed himself with
dinner. The smiling and gracious
landlord escorts his guests to their
seats; the cook holds the kitchen door
ipen a crack and Inserts a tousled head
lo Hloal a glance at the great man; the
young lady that waits on the tablo ad
justs her bangs and looks pleaoant at
the assistant; the reirular boarders
file in and seat themselves and turn
their conversation to as important sub-
jocts as possible so as not to be consid-!
ered tot) ostentatiously flippant.
Dinner over, our surveyor and his
assistant are rejoined by tho contend
ing parties and an augmented audi
ence. 1 hey proceed to tne seat 01 war:
the assistant spreads tho threo sticks
so they will stand alone; tho surveyor
motions tho boy who carried the box
to come forward. lie steps forth with
his precious burden with tho proud
step of a Boldler called from the ranks
to receive a decoration for bravery.
The eyes of the public are turned
toward tho box, each eager to catch
the first glimpse of its contents. The
surveyor takes a key from his pocket,
stoops down and deliberately opens tho
cover. A stillness falls upon tho group.
as he lifts from its resting place the
transit and puts It in position on the
tripod. Each move be makes locating.
leveling and all the various maneuver
ing are watched carefully, and no mo
tion escapes notice. His assistant
walks away from the instrument, bear
ing the figured rod and pulling the
wire chain. lie pauses at a certain
distance; holds up the rod; the sur
veyor places his eye to the Instrument
and waves his hand to the right; tho
assistant moves the rod to the
right; he waves his arm again; the
assistant moves again; he gazes long
and earnestly, then stands erect and
the surveyor produces a little red book
in which he makes a few figures. Ho
stops to talk with Jimson and then
with MeGill. The postmaster sidles up,
holds one eye 6hut with his finder,
aouints into the instrument with tho
ther and sees nothing. The cobbler,
the next best politician, who is also
Jeacon in the church and school com
mitteeman, follows the postmaster with
the same success. One or two moro of
the more influential and important in
habitants do the same, while the now
doctor, who once carried chain during
vacation to earn money to pursue his
studies, asks the surveyor "if his ver
nier reads to the fractions of seconds,"
which so booms his reputation for
learning, that old Doctor Bolus loses
three patients during the next week,
who transfer their support to the new
doctor "who is up to the times.'"
At length tho survey is made, and
the matter jdecidod in favor of neither.
For the old fence was in the right place,
and the two contestants become friendly
once more. Tho surveyor and his as
sistant leave on the evening train, and
the village settles back into its accus
tomed tranquillity, but for some time
to come, the record of an event is based
n the number of days or weeks that it
happened before or after "that there
surveyor was out to Jlmson's."
Among the rarities in Dr. Will
iams' library in Grafton street, Lon
don, is a tiny short-hand Bible, ex
quisitely written, which Is said to havt
belonged to an apprentice, who.
suspicious of James IL's intention
regarding Protestantism; . wrote tht
whole for himself, fearing that hi
might be deprived of his printed copy
In addition, there are fourteen manu
script volumes relating to Richarr
Baxter, and a little volume of Georgi
Herbert's, part of which is in th
poet's handwriting, and which is be
iieved to be the copy he sent o Nicho
' THE FAMiLV DOCTOR
Gives the llant Entrr a Braiding
III of Uaml Advlne.
If there Is any truth In tho adage thnt
the "way to a man's heart la through his
stomach," In nino case out of ten It
won Kl lie a hard rood to travel. When
you consider the enormous , and varied
amount of matcHul tliat strew Its jxitli,
you at once encounter many unpleasant
otwtacles. The man who gets outaide of
hot soup, boiled ham, fried cliuns, jxita
bies, pickled nvWuige, pastry. Ice cream,
and tea In fifteen minutes, and then
wonders why ho feels so Iwully, is either
an nsa or an idiot very likely a melange.
He cannot understand it, when ho is
so constantly taking those ccletrated
after dinner pills, ' a title that is simply
cover for wrong doing. True, he paid
extra to have his pills gelatine coated to
retain their virtues the longer; but he
evidently did not know that the tannin
in the tea would convert that coating
Into a mass which the Juices of the
stomach are powerless to afTert, and so
no benefit la derived from the pills. He
goes on, however, stuffing himself with
food and tho delusion that the more one
eats the stouter he grows. It Is not the
quantity we eat, hut what la assimilated
that is, what the system la callable of
burning up as fuel to Increaso our vital
energies. If you smother your fire with
too much coal, out It goes. Now the
dyspeptic, the sutterer of that most com
mon trouble, indigestion, may feel Its
presence by a thousand different sifrns.
Bo numerous are they, that the mention
of only a few must sutllce here,
Ir Instance, he wakes with a stuffy
headache, a lad taste in his mouth, Imlts
his breakfast, and rushes off to business.
His food "repeats," as our English
friends say, his taste becomes sour and
hot, anil so docs his temper, and he Is net
altogether the most amiable of mortals.
As tiio day grows apace he has ill defined
aches, and fancies his eye sight is failing.
and his Irritability increases. Ilia clerks
live on pins and ncm'.lea, and hia friends
say, "what a bore he is getting to be, ao
full of 111."
Thus it coca on front bad to worse.
Think of that man as a judge, and now
ho might "make wretches hang that
jurymen may dine," No doubt many a
verdict of today Is largely influenced by
poisonous butyric acid in the circulation
of one who has too hastily consumed his
fodder. Ultimately, if he does not switch
off, he falls a victim to nervous prostra
tion and melanrltolia. a fit tenant f or any
asylum, which he often cheates by draw
ing a razor across his throat. All from
dysiiepsia. There la no hyperbolo In this
picture; you will see many like it every
dav, if you but keep your eyes open.
i'be remedy! Certainly not indiscrim
inate drugging, a proceeding as fooluih
as to load your dog with an clopliant's
burden and expect him to carry It. If
the stomach cannot take care of its na
tural guests it will resent the intrusion of
Tho panacea la rest for the stomach by
the use of light foods, and rest for tho
mind by anything which will draw at
tention from tho sutTerinjr orpan. Few
tldngs accomplish this latter bettor than
the diversion of hearing good music
You may think it strange, but there is an
eminent physician abroad who writes
out a prescription for musio much as we
w-ould for calomel. It possesses a won
derful swav over tho lower orders of life,
and you have often noticed the spirited
action of a hors the arched neck and
proud canter, when hearing the strains
of martial music.
Murfo cheers the soldier on tho long
march and renews hia flagging energies.
So will it aid the dyspeptic The instru
ment . is a matter of choice, the violin
hardly to be recommended unless handled
by a master, for no instrument Is so
capable of distracting waillngs, when In
the hands of a novice. The voice la, par
excellence, the best of musical remedies,
and four part eougs are potent for good.
I dare say, you who have been victims
of atrociously bad performances will not
agree with me. But give tho beet a tria).
Just go to some of the near by resorts
that offer so many harmonious attrac
tions and try the curative effect of a
concord of sweet sounds." Richard
Guernsey, XL. D., in Once a Week.
Expensive Funeral and Monuments. '
Is It not about time that tho societies
and other efforts put forth to reform
funerals and reduce the expenses of
burials, included tho conceited display of
monuments? People never heard of be
yond their street have the resting places
of their bodies marked by stones that
cost anywhere from fl.OOO to $20,000.
This cannot bo the result of family affec
tion, but is more likely to be ' family
pride. There la but one posslblo advan
tage of such display that is tho creation
of showy and interesting cemeteries.
But people of sound sense are, nowadays,
ordering that they themselves bo buried
without display and their graves marked
in tho simplest manner. The amount of
wealth already unnecessarily stored . in
our cemeteries is high among tho tens of
millions, or even hundreds of millions.
The mausoleums of the dead were In
primitive times the earthly homes of the
spirits of the departed; but we have no
longer this excuse for unlimited expense
Cilobe-.Democrat. - . .
Sbeop Shearing by SfaeKInery.
The process of sheep shearing by ma
chinery is now performed in Australia by
an ingenious kind of device, the results,
as represented, being very satisfactory.
The apparatus in question is a very
simple one, being made on the samo
principle as the cutter of a mower or
reaper, and the knives are worked by
means of rods within the handles, thtse
in their turn being moved by a core
within a long flexible tube, which is kept
in a rotary shaft, and wheels driven by a
stationary engine. The comb is in the
form of a- segment of a circle, about
three inches in diameter, with eleven
conical shaped teeth. - Each machine is
worked by a shearer, and as the comb Is
forced along the ekin of the animal tho
fleece is cut. . The machine can be run
either with a steam or gas engine, or by
ordinary horse power, and does not easily
get oat of order. New York Sun.
Hot Expressed Just Right.
'I am so glad your sister enjoyed her
visit to us, Air. Smith."
Oh, well, you know, she is the sort
of girl who can enjoy herself anywhere,
you know.'1 Life. ''
Poison la tbe Breath.
If the condensed breath collected on the
window panes of a room where a number
of persons have been assembled be burned,
s smell as of singed hair will show the
presence of organic matter; and if the
condensed breath-be allowed to remain on
the windows for a few days, it will be
found, on examination by a microscope,
that It is alive with animalcules. .The in
halation of air containing such putrescent
matter causes untold complaints which
might be avoided by a circulation of fresh
air. Philadelphia Bulletin.
A good many have been built upon, but
there axe still 444 burying grounds in
AMONQ THE DUTCH B0ER3.
Some Ver 'Juwr roelnniM -Medicine and
The traveler (I speak of una wild Is
supposed to understand Boer speech and
hubiu) arrives at a farm house In, say,
the Orange Free slate. A farm house
mny have one field of forage and a stone
kru.'ih otherwise the fm ni U oeii coun
try. He will not oft saddle hi horse
without receiving jiermlsslon; this having
been nuked for and granted, tho fanner
leads him through the half doors Into the
main a)iartmeiit. There is home made
furniture, numerous pink and white
paHr" flowers, and painted on the
walls vnsca t( fruit liko those seen
depicted on the tjnndon pavement.
The visitor will rooe.Ml to shake hands,
commencing with the stout vrauw
and ending with tho ldy in arms. This
is not the English "handshake," but a
resting of palm within palm. The coffee,
which Is maile from sunrise to sunset, is
then brought In in bowls, Uilc!o
touches are exchanged, and conversa
tion, which seldom varies, commences.
The visitor and the farmer answer or re
ply pretty much as follows: "The veld Is
green. The clouds are heavy ; there will
Iks a thunderstorm to-morrow. I have a
very fine red horse running. Nachtmual
(communion) will lie nest month. My
vrauw has a cold. Tlie pnwident is a
fine man, Jnpie do Villiers (pronounced
Vilje, and minus the prefix) hiis had a
nun born with five heads. The English
aro thieves." The handshaking cere
mony is then reiented, tho horse, fed
and rested, is brought round; the trav
eler mounts, smacks his sjamlaK'k, sliowa
off his steed and proceeds cm his journey.
. The farmers Imvo trnlnd ponies to a
special pm willed a "tiipple," and a
Rtmd "tilppler" Is always priaed. With
this pneo no "porting" of the saddle is
required, and on a long Journcv the trip
ptor will arrive each niht without turn
Ing a hair, w hile the' trotting horao, his
compnr.ion. may l done up. Distance
Is reckoned by time six miles to tho
hour. If an Englishman near the hour
of sunset asks a Dutchman w here such a
village lies, he will be answered by a
raiietl hand mid "a little wny over that
hill." You then ride ten miles and sleep
out lis a . thunder storm. jxrhnia. You
reach the village tlie following midday.
8uiertititNi and fear of contagious div
eases are great among this ople.
The Dutch are accomplished lierlml-
Ista, douldlesa obtaining the knowledge
of the Hottentots und Bushmen: tttey
have herb brandies for colics and plants
for sores. They are often the prey of
quack doctors: the more as genuine prac
titioners, win) have to pn lotijr distances.
chare,ii heavily. A Dutchman is satisfied
with Ihe treatment so long ns his medical
adviser brings to tho house a quart bottle
of thyMc; if he present him with a small
vial lie UOUI4S his kill and sends for an
other man. The dead are buried on tho
farms, and over them traveling masons
erect mausoleums of brick. Dutch wo
men aro enormous in sixe, good cooks in
their style, gobble sweets and rakca all
dav and take liillo exercise, ltut now
and tlien a Dutch wife and her daughters
may l ecen kmahn; the sheep at even
tnp;. A lhier like ins wife companv.
and will leave pamrngers bv his wagon
stuck in Um mud and half starved w hilo
he tracks off fifty milea with another
vehicle to pay a visit to the vrauw,
Feather hoda are greatly prized by this
people; they EencruU v carry their" beds
wit H f cm httimnii.
The trvkkinga of " the TJovrs aro re
markable. Annuallv the farnihoufe on
tho "low veld' is almt up, and the sheep
and cattle aro taken Mores of imles iij
to tne "logo vela for mountain pas
ture. IloBido aomo rushing etrvam the
wagona are catmied. perliape tents are
pitched, and dot noetic life goes on as
usual. Fowls cluck among the wild
graMies, and the cows are milked beneath
tho shadows of mitrhtr mountaine. Tho
KCiK-nil belief in tho excellence of Boer
shooting ia no delusion.
' The people are excoesivvly fond of
munic aud dancing; concertina, Iiaruio
niura and fiddle aro their delight. A
withered Hottentot dwarf will draw a
strain from tho sole of an old shoe etrung
Willi Eiuew, and men and maidens ,wul
vigorously dance to it for hours. For
dancing tliere ia no touching tho English
Afrikander, and his measures seem quite
original. The Doers have a bad
character for pilfering. When the
men . and the women enter
au up country Uore they are allowed to
carry off small Kl,ods like sweets or rib
boos, which they unconsciously pay for
i.-i tho bill. The farmers ore not often
rich in money, their wool crops being
mortgaged Boinctiuice to the stores for
two seasons ahead. "Young bloods" are
impudent and wild. A ninurt curveting
horse and hat wiili white ostrich plume
usually denote this p; veil -a. When a
Boer drinks he Is an entire fool. In
order to keep a firm hand over the young
men riding transport, tho elders of the
fret, state recently Kissed a lull tiroliibit
iiur tho sale of liquor at wayside can
teens, und thereby lost a large revenue.
However, there are smugglers.
The Boers are great rehinous formalists ;
end at certain times they and their fam
ilies ride into the .villages from great dis
tances to celebrate tho Nachtmaal (night
meal or communion), their wagons loaded
with produce presents for the parsons.
At this time business is brhdr and the
streets are like a fair. Yet. 'where natives
and land ore concerned, the Boer's con
stant violation of the Commandments
does cot need pointing oat. The Boers
are by no means modest, and their family
conversations ore at times boisterously
indecent. Household arrangements, save
on rich farms, are necessarily meager,
tuid the traveler must be prepared to sleep
on the floor in tha mldnt of four or five
elstcrs and their three or four brothers,
all grown up, while the bead couple snore
on on elevated and ponderous feather bed
in a curt&ined corner of th room. When
sleeping at a superior Transvaal farm
house, it is well to examine the mattress:
if it rests on sheepskins, throw the skins
out. St. Jainea' Gazette.
The Consclentlon Newnpaper Man.
It is my experience that a conscientious
ewspaper man will do his work inler
iewiug included -about right If the mnn
vlio has tho news to give will only lot
dm. Reporters don't wilfully and ona
iciously. misquote talkers aud misstate
Jucts, as they are so generally credited
ivith doing, and I find that the best plan
to pursue in giving material for publica
tion is to state the facts clearly and let
the reporter do the dressing np. These
fellows who always insist on being re
ported verbatim, and who must dictate
the text of every Item they furnish, in
variably make, a sorry mess of it. An
other thing I've noticed: If a man has a
speech prepared for a banquet,' presenta
tion or any occasion of that character, he
bad better give the reporter the manu
script and go it blind than trust himself
to stick to his prepared speech, for, nine
times in ten, he'll jret away from his
paper before he is half through, in which
case he'll thank his stars forever that the
reporter has a grammatical and reason
ably coherent composition to print instead
of his disjointed "impromptu" speech.
Dan Llnahan In Globe-Democrat.
TO PARENTS AND TEACHERS.
A t'loa In nehaU of ftrhool Children Tha
Occasionally is encountered a lad who
has grown up In our itreeta and success
fully eluded the truant officers. Such a
one Is almost always of the "gamin" or
der, 111 foil, scantily clothed and gener
ally neglected. 'And yet, notwithstand
ing the hardships Implied, we find him
strong, active and "wiry." If pitted
against a country boy of his age the
chances are our city lad would "use tho
other up." All things considered it
must nptear evident to those who study
the subject that because our children nra
sent to school at Aoo early an age Is one
notent reason why they suffer so much
from the contrast with their country
cousins. But It is puriKMolegs to attempt
to persuade parents to keep their littlo
ones out of school until it Is safe to send
them. Borrowing an expression, one
mlcht as well hope to. level Gibraltar
with a crowbar. In the tTOer authori
ties Is our only hoie of reform. They
Cannot lx Ignorant of this grave re-
SK)nsibihty. ltcluctantly accenting tho
situation, we will give mothers and
teachers a few words of practical oil vice
an regards their treatment of school
children, in so far as pertains to health.
"Ckmilinens Is next to godliness." Its
Importance Is not always appreciated,
either by parents or children. Every
child should have a full bath at least
once a week, whereas many in our pul
lie schools know that lusury only when
the publio 1 m thing houses are opened to
them, w hich Is. of course, only In warm
weather. Neglect of cleanliness propa
gates other mean haljits, and tends to de
velop the beaut In one's nature. If a
child's body is continually" dirty he will
soon grow low and depraved, notwith
standing till his other influences are the
best. Let parents fix that fact In their
minds, elso by that one neglect they ut
terly ruin tho natures of their children.
Thoso who live in humble tenements,
destitute of bathing facilities, fchould call
the washing tub into service at least onoa
a week, and a general scrubbing of the
children take place. Borne mothers take
plcasuro and pride in tlie epearance of
thrlr little ones; others seem positively
Indifferent whether or not llielr faces are
washed or hair is ever combed. They
should see that both la done faithfully,
not only in tho morning, but on going to
. The character of the clothing fjener
nlly is .not a matter of dictation. We
cannot expect tlie children of poor pa
rents to wear "goxl clotlies," but wlint
is worn can be clean, and there Is no ex
cuse for their being otherwise. From
this time out until school closes in the
spring, children should w-ear flannel nest
to tho frkin, and let mothers rememlier
that underclothing worn during the day
must not tie worn during tho night while
In bed. Children, as well as adults,
must have undershirts for night wear.
and the tno taken off at bedtime should
be spread over a chair to dry and air
well. A word hero about tho sleeping
room. ur poorer people are forced to
content themselves with a few small
rooms, and, as a rule, they aro sadly
overcrowded. That cannot bo helped In
many Instances, Imt such rooms can Iw
properly ventilated. Open throw wide
open tho windows of the bedroom a
littlo w-hile before the children go to IxhL
and then, when they are ready to un
dress, go in and tartially, but not en
tirely, closo them. Leave them open as
much as tho weather will permit. A
tiiHineij nation to ventilate titeir rooms
properly Is ouo glaring and fatal fault
with ignorant peoplo. , To that cause
nloiiooaii bo attributed much of the sick
ness and many or . tiio ucauis among
Rome mothers allow their children to
remain in 1ml in tho morning until late
and then hurry them away to school.
The eon'OHiueiiee is breakfast must be
bolted. It ought not to be necessary to
say that children should have ample timo
in which to cat, and should be forced to
do so slowly. Tea and coffee are injur!
ous to them. If mothers will Insist In
allowing tliem to have those drinks, then
let the quantity lie small, and In much
milk. Cocoa is liked by every child.
and, if not made too strong. It is whole
some and nourishing. One thing more
about breakfast ; lie sure that the children
eat enough. Even if they eat heartily,
as a rule they will be hungry before din
ner time comes; therefore, provide them
with a light luncheon bread and butter
and some sound, ripe fruit if possible,
"Early to bed and early to rise" Is a rule
which cannot safely be violated by chil
dren. That they need much more sleep
than adults, every one should know. Let
the hour before retiring be passed quietly
In some form of amusement.
To allow them to go to bed excited
cither by hard play, by study, or by a
"siory book," means wakeful hours or
sleep disturbed by d renins. When
child appears to bo ailing he should bo
kept out of school until lie ia himself
again. By teachers much too high
premium Is put upon punctuality and un
broken attendance. In consequence,
children are encouraged to go to school
when they aro really quite sick enough to
bo at home and in bod. Scurlet lever.
measles, diphtheria and tho liko aro very
easily transmitted from an affected child
to one in perfect health. ..The former need
not bo very ill; he may, in fact, be in
school and appear but slightly ailing, and
yet it is quite possihlo for him to bear about
with him tho germs of disease, and com
municate thorn to those with whom he is
brought in contact. All must remember
that a case of Infectious disease need not
be severe to bo a source of great danger
to others. A child is just as likely to
"catch tho disease" from one who bos
only a very light attack of an infectious
nature as he would were tho attack of
Again, the first sufferer mny be only
slightly ill in fact, be up playing about
tho house, or even in school and yet the
one to whom he transmits the disease
may become terribly ill with it and die.
Hence, there is but one rulo for mothers
and teachers to follow: Never send a
child to school who appears to be ailing,
no matter how confident you may be that
the trouble Is but trifling. And a teacher
should never allow a child to remain in
school a moment after she detects a sign
which leads her to suspect that he is not
well. If this rule is rigorously observed,
tho death rate will be measurably de
creased. Boepon Herald. .
Chine o Opposition to Steamboats, ,
Among . tho remarkable reasons ad
vanced hy tho Chinese for opposing the
introduction of steamboats on the Upper
Yangtse is the. allegation that a very
fierce and strong species of monkeys live
along the river where it breaks through
the mountains, and that they would not
fail to hurl large stones from the heights
down upon the steamers, probably sink
ing them, while the authorities would be
powerless to prevent the outrage or arrest
the offenders.. . .
Tho real obstacle In the" way Is no
monkeys, but alsjnt 20,000 jnnk men, who
think steamboats would take away their
present means of livelihood. New York
INVENTION AND DISCOVERY.
A Tout Rm
of Distinction fletween
Two Kotable Instances.
Two words which glibly enough fall
from tho Hi's of tho. average man In a I
careless sort of indiscrimination as If they
were synonymous. But there Is a vast
sea of distinction between them. Liter
ally, they are not so widely separated;
but they have oomo to represent two to
tally different aspects of human action.
To the writer's thinking, tho terms have
been greatly confused. Columbus hardly
discovers! America, he Invented it that
Is, na to Its cognizable existence. He
studli!, figured, applied the laws as lie
knew them, and determined that there
must Ie a continent there, and be
plodded on till ho proved tho fact, and
reduced his Invention to practice.
rtewlon discovered tlie law of gravity,
ono might say, without' either mental or
physical effort. Watt Invented the steam
engine und Btephenson Invented the loco
motive. They felt and knew the goal was
ahead, but how to reach It was the ques
tion whiun requirou invention or the
highest order. Ell Whitney saw the
painful and laliorious methods of clean
ing out cotton and shredding It, Intui
tively felt it could lie dono by machinery,
went to work and gave tho world one of
bis great Inventions, tlie cotton gin.
Howe's great Inspiration to place the eye
at tho tolnt of a needle may lie said to
have lieeu a discovery. It unfolded a
picture to his mind prophctio of good to
almost countless millions, but Invention
hail to Im invoked to give tiio picture life,
ami the sewing machine, in all Its beauty,
mine slowly forth from the chrysalis of
Howe s discovery. Tlie Irregular lathe
and the modern harvester were inven
tions; their dim, indefinable forms loomed
up In the mists of their inventors' minds,
they felt tho impulse of Improvement,
tho vnlue of tlie goal gained, and they
went to work and at last succeeded, and
the wood er.rver and reaping hook lost
their usefutness'to that extent.
Tht. electric telegraph was never dis
covered; it was consistently invented.
Countless devices and methods were de
signed, tested, thrown away to be after
wards revivified, many of them new
appliances and systems laboriously
worked out, the midnight oil unspar
ingly sacrificed, until at last a perfected
aud practical system and apparatus were
given to tlie world.
It is hard to say whether the dynamo
was Invented or discovered, considering
Its prototype, tlie magneto machine. The
probabilities are It was an accidental dis
covery. Tho aro tight was a discovery
puro and simple. Electric incandescence
was a discovery, but tlie Incandescent
lamp In Its commercial form stands forth
as one of the most lieautiful examples of
man a Inventive faculty. The courtlesa
exNt'imHits on material, the' bulb, the
seal, the standardising, the pumps, and
all the appliances that go to provide us
with the beautifully glowing luminary,
all aro ineradicable proofs of Invention of
tho very highest order. Midnight oil aud
noonday sun, morning's vigor and even
ing's rcitosefu! ruminations, were all
culled into requisition to complete the
work. I hu U truo Invention.
Tlie phonograph was originally a dis
covery, a hnipy thought of Edison's, but
invention of a high order was necessary
to produce tlie lieautiful Instrument of
the present day. It was liko Howe's
ncodlo tho germ was tliere, but tho ma
chine tuv! to bo dovt-eu to make It prac
ticable. The undulatory telephone was a
discovery, a brilliant one, but still a dis-
eovery. A hnppy thought supplied the
missing link in an incomplete clialn, and
when tho weld of that link was accom
plished the whole work! was enchained
in admiration, the wonderful utility of
the device was quickly recognized, and
tho discoverer reaped a rich harvest.
Tho pneumatic process of Bessemer was
an invention of high grade and far reach
ing importance, and the Siemens rcgen
erativo furnace lias proved Its equal In
merit as a methodical and logical inven
tion iK-autifuliy carried out.
Hie Inventor sees his goal, and consis
tently strives for It. Ho knows the object
U tliere, and lie goes energetically after
it, sometimes straight to it, but oftener
Li many times lost In tho wilderness of
deluded fancy. Ho sees a light ahead.
sighs relief and darts after it, only to
Iind It a will o -tho-wisp. Undaunted.
ho starts again, only perhaps to meet
other and worse misfortunes. But he
struggles on hopefully, and at last
reaches the shrine of his adoration and is
for tho time content, -
Tho discoverer walks along calmly
toward some goal, or lies on the roadside
meditating, and hnppening to cast his
idle eyes downward, sees a gem spark
ling at his feet, and he sometimes picks It
up and adds it to the galaxy of the
world's diadem, but he as often fails to
note the scintillations that betoken Its
prcciousness, and spurns It back into the
doeper dust, to lie unseen and unknown
pcrhai for ages. Which of these two
promoters of the world's welfare merits
tlie hlglicst praise, it is needless to ask.
Electrical lieview. .
Soldiers Antlseptlo Ammunition.
According to The Medical Press a use
ful huggcbtion is being carried out by the
Netherland government, by which pro
vision will bo made for supplying each
soldier during the time of war with
cartridge containing some antiseptic
dressings. Each cartridgo will be made
of convenient size, namely, about tliree
inches In length by two In width, and
will bo secured at one end with a safety
pin. The dressing contained in each will
consist of a bandage about three yards
long, and two pieces of gauze, all of
which have been rendered antiscptio by
a sublimate solution. Hence in the
event of wounds being received a ready
means would bo at hand for tbe Immedi
ate application of antlseptlo dressings.
Soldiers In the case of slight injuries
would probably at once avail themselves
of the dressings, and tho latter could not
fad to be of. much use to the surgeons.
Tho idea ia well worthy of tlie attention
of tho military authorities In this coun
try, and might even with advantage bo
adopted, as it has been for years past in
the ucnuon army, in tne wars In which.
during tho past few years England has
been engaged in tropical climates, the
early application of antiseptics to the
wounds received by the men was ad
mitted to be a matter of the utmost im
portance by the army medical officers at
tached to tbe forces. Science.
Wife You say you shot this duck your.
self, John? I con nud no marks on it.
Husband (who hadn't thought of that)
W ell-cr-my dear, tho bird w' y high up,
you know, and perhaps Un fan killed it.
It Is a Pity. "
"It Is a pity," said an Irish laborer the
other day as be mopped his brow; "it is
pity that we can't have tbe cowld weather in
tbe summer and the hot whether in the
winter." Boston Courier. .
Almost Enough to Start a Newspaper vntn.
Tbe income of Oxford university for 1S?
was fwCO.OOO. Chicago Herald.
NATIVES OF MARTINIQUE.
Peculiar Type of Fhyslral
mending of llaees.
Then you begin to look about you at
the black, brown and yellow faces that
are studying you curiously from beneath
the yellow striped Madras turbans, or
from under the shadow of mushroom
shaped straw hats large as umbrellas.
Watching the bare bucks, bare shoulders,
lare legs and arms and feet, you find
that the oolors of flesh are more varied
and surprising than the colors of fruits.
And It Is only with rruit oolors that
many of these skin tints can be compared
at all, tbe only terms of comparison used
by the colored people themselves being
terms of this kind, such as peau-sapoUlle,
'sapot skin." The sapota or sapotille
a Juicy brown fruit, with a rind
satiny like a human cuticle, and
lint the color, when fresh and
rie, of a fine mulatto skin. But among
tlie brighter half breeds I think
the colore are much more fruit like; tliere
are gourd tints, banana tints, orange col
ors, with occasionalifiushes of pink show
ing through, like the first pink of the
manga Agreeable to the eye the darker
tints certainly are, and often very re
markable, all tone of lironee being repre
sented ; but the brighter hues are abeo-
utely beautiful in certain half breed
types, cootie and quadroon. Standing
perfectly naked at doorways, or playing
naked in the sun, astonishing cluldren
may lie seen banana colored and mango
colored babies. But there la one peculiar
tyjie, totally unlike all the rest; tlie skin
is an exquisite pichdlio yellow, s perfect
gold tone; the eyes are long and black;
tlie Intensely dark and lustrous hair falls
over the neck in a lienvy mass of thick.
rich, glossy curls that show blue lights in
I cannot speak of this comely and ex
traordinary type without translating a
passage from Dr. J. J. J. Cornllliac, aa
eminent Martinique physician, who re
cently published a most valuable series
upon Uie ethnology, climatology and his
tory of Uie Antilles. In these he writes;
When, among tlie populations of the
Antilles, we first notice those remark
able metis whose olive skins, elegant and
slender figures, fine straight profiles, and
regular features remind us of tlie Inliabi
tanta of Madras or Pondiclierry, we ask
ourselves In wonder while looking at
their long eyea, full of a strange and
gentle nuAanclioly (especially among the
women), and at I lie black, rich, silky
gleaming hair curling in abundance over
the temples and falling In profusion over
the neck to what human race can be
long this singular variety. In which there
is a dominant characteristic that seems
Indelible, and always shows more and
more strongly In proportion as the type
Is further removed from tlie African ele
ment. It Is the Carib blood, blended
with blood of Europeans and of blacks.
wldob in spite of all subseqaent cross
ings, and In spite of tlie fact that it has
not been renewed for -more than two
hundred years, still conserves, as re
markedly as at tlie time of tbe first Inter
blending, tbe race characteristic that in
variably reveals its presence in the blood
of every being through wboee veins it
All this population Is vigorous, grace
ful, healthy; all you see passing by are
well made; there are no sickly faces, no
scrawny limbs. If by some rare chance
you encounter a person who has lost an
arm or a leg, you can be almost certain
you are looking at a victim of the fer de
ance the eertient whose venom putrefies
bring tissue. ithout fear of exagger
ating facts, I can venture to say that tho
muscular development of the working
men here is something which must be
seen in order to be believed; to study fine
displays of it, one sliould watch tbe blacks
and half-breeds working naked to the
waist on tho landings, in tlie gas houses
and slaughter houses, or on the
Dearest plantations. They are not
large men, perhaps not extraordi
narily powerful; but they have the
aspect of sculptural or even of ana
tomical models; they seem : absolutely
devoid of adipose tissue; their muscles
stand out with a saliency that astonishes
the eye. It is marvelous. At a tanning
yard, while I was watching a dozen
blacks at work, a young mulatto, with
tbe mischievous face of a faun, walked
by, wearing nothing but a clout about
bis loins; and never, not even in bronze,
did I see so beautiful a play of muscles.
A demonstrator of anatomy could have
used him for a clans model; a sculptor.
wishing to shape a fine Mercury in bronze,
would be satisfied to take a cast of such
a body, without thinking of making one
modification from neck to heel. L&faca-
dio Hearn in Harper's Magazine.
The Climate of St. Petersburg.
If it is May or June do not come to
Russia without the heaviest winter cloth
ing and the heaviest of winter wraps-
even though you may have left England
all ablaze with bawthorne blossoms, Hol
land carpeted with tulips and Berlin at
summer beat. Remember that the Knssian
calendar is twelve days later than ours.
Bemember that St. Petersbug is on tho
shores of the Baltio sea. Remember also
that you are on the direct route to the
North pole. Already I have seen two
bard snow storms, and our teeth have
been on a continual chatter since reaching
hero. In the country (May 23) the peas
ants are just plowing and sowing for
their summer crops, and in tbe city
heavy overcoats and furs seem quite at
There is one thing, however, that
strikes an American very agreeably as
well as strangely, and that Is tbe suddenly
increased length of the days. Even now
the sun does not set until about 0 o'clock
and rises no one knows how early; and
soon the longest days will have reached
here when the sun is only nominally be
low the horizon from one-quarter past 10
till one-quarter before 2, but really the
twilight Is so bright that one can read
with ease all night. No doubt this has
much to do in maturing the harvest so
rapidly in tho few months of summer.
Cor. Detroit Free Press.
An Agreeable Manner of Introducing.
It is well for a lady in presenting two
trangers to say something which may break
the ice and make the .conversation easy and
agreeable, suggests Mrs. Sherwood; as, for in
ttonce, "Mrs. Smith, allow me to present
Mr. Brown, who bos just arrived from Stew
Zealand;" or, "Mrs. Jones, allow me to
present Mrs. Walsingham, of San Fran
cisco;" so that the two may naturally have a
question and answer ready .with which to
step over the threshold of conversation with
out tripping. ,
" Full Dress for Gentlemen.
Full evening dress for a gentleman consists
of a dress suit, a self tied bow of white
cambric or mull, lavender gloves and patent
feather shoes. With the latter it is the cor
rect thing to wear black silk half hose, with
or Without embroidered clocks of same color.
The Address of Invltailooa.
In sending invitations to a family, each
on receives a separate invitation. No satis
factory reason can be assigned for this, but
it is the accepted custom. If there ia more
than one daughter, however, one invitation
addressed to "The Mlsass Blank" suffices.
FOR FLESHY PEOPLE.
Outline of th s-h wrnlnrsr Treatment
The system of Prof. Ernst Schwenin
ger for the treatment of obesity, which
was Introduced here about two years
ago, has by this time been suaicienuy
tested to demonstrate that, any body
who will determinedly follow the regi
men prsoribod by it can reduce bis
flesh to any reasonable degresdesired.
It being understood, of course, that bis
physical condition Is not such by rea
son of Incurable heart r kidney
disease as to m;ke reduction perilous.
And thero Is just one thing about it
that is hard to got ami to. That is the
absolute prohibition of all liquids dur
ing meals and for an hour befor and
an hour after each meal. It does not
oem so difficult to do without fluids to
wash down one's food until it is tried.
and the Iron1 pressure of habit in sip
ping and even gulping water, wine,
nllk, tea, or coffee while eating is
realized. The very fact of probiVion
vrms to make one mora Internal
thirsty, and the juiciest food takes oa
the astringent dryness of chewed
pomegranate rind. Of course, one be
comes acciistomod to It after awhile,
eventually does not feel any desire for
liquids at the prohibited times, and
even finds less disposition to drink at
any time than he had before- Then
bis reward comes, not only in the re
duction of Bosh, but In a surprising
diminution of tbe nuisance of perspira
tion, which is the misery of all H
It roust not bo supposed that this
shutting off of liquids is the whole of the
treatment, though it appears to be the
most important requirement. That
ranking next to it is that one must not
gorge with food, especially food la
hich sugar and starch are largely
The Iron Chancellor still Tires by
Schweninger rules and in doing so
keeps down his tendency to growing
fat and reAalns a wonder of vitality
and vigor at his advanced age. Ha
longer ago than last April one of tiio
special dispatches told bow he re
stricted himself In eating to a Bghl
breakfast and substantial dinner, with
no liquids at meals and only a glass of
wine dally, taken just before retydng.
One experiment with the bogus system
of three pints of water before breakfart
by Bismarck would doubtless afford
Germany another first-class fuueraL
There is no royal road to relief from
eorpulenoe that may be traveled with
ease and safety, and without self-sac-riSce.
Nostrums are from time to lime
advertised as affording it such as ono
now boomed in England, and finding
not a few dupes here but they do not.
Starvation a la Banting, and the nos
trum euros that profess to reduce glut
tons while practicing their gluttony if
they will only 'Hake a wiaeglasstnl at
each meal, ar alike dangerous hum
bugs. Renouncing liquids seems to be
demonstrated the safest and best thing
when accompanied by duo moderation
In eating. . But in no ease Is it abso
lutely safe for fat person to adopt any
really effective measures for reducing
weight without thorough preliminary
knowledge of the actual condition of
his vital organs. If. T. Sun. ,
POOR MARBLE HEART. .'Tf
Be Meets the Man With the Iroa Fist Bad
- Learns s Lease.
A young man. from some Interior
town, who was in that condition known
as "sprung," was seeking a skirmish
at the corner of Woodward and Jeffer
son avenues yesterday. He said be
was the young man of , tho Marblo
Heart, whatever that ia, and that ho
felt lonesome because he had n't shed
somebody's blood for three long hours.
The policeman on the beat warned in
a fatherly way to scatter himself over
the city, but he replied:
"Not a scatter! Honor chains me
here. I am the man of the Marblo
"Yes, but you don't want to be locked
np, I take it," protested tho officer.
"There's no use in getting into trouble
because your heart isn't made on the
But ho would n't go. He wanted gore
and other high-priced summer goods,
and waiting until tho officer was a block
away he bristled up to a man with a
basket on his arm and dared him to
"I warn ye to kape off!" exolaime4
th mum na he moved &lonr.
The man of the Marble Heart moved
after hinv Then the basket dropped,
the young man went into the gutter ia
a heap, . and a sport declared him
knocked out in the first round. The
noliceman returned and picked him no
and called tho wagon, and it was not
until the victim reached the station
that he spoke. , Then he said:
"S'all right. Man of the Marblo
ueart can i siana up 10 ue ju.au wiw
the Iron Fist. Didn't know It before.
but I shall remember it now always
remember it." Detroit Free Press.
Tho Grand Duchess ,- Elizabeth,
wife of tho Grand Duke Serge Alex
androvltch. of Russia, is a . late addi
tion to royal authors. Sho writes of
court life under the pen name of Ary
Ercilaw, and real -people masquerade
through her pages. She is only twenty-four
years of age, but she has lived
a life-time of sorrow In being com
pelled to marry ono man while she
loved another. Her face is said to ex
press the sad story of her life.
It is said that if Victor Hugo had
devoted himself to pictorial art he
would perhaps have eclipsed every one
past or present who made black and
white a specialty. Ho was never at a
loss for material a soft quill pen, with
sometimes a hard one to finish up, and
ordinary writing inks washed in with
the feathery end of the pen, with any
paper that he found at hand, were
often what he worked with. His ink
drawings were frequently finished up
with offee grounds.
Unless you are smarter and strong
er than the thieves down Jericho way
and I guess may bo you are not; very
few men are why, you keep off that
road. You stay In Jerusalem, and
you'll have more money and less head
' v- -