JOB PRINTING. (rami tviRT niPii.l IL Y. KlRKPATiacK . TTpuulighera TERMS OF SUBSCRlPrlOIf. On Tmmr . 2 00 nn PRE " Iter aKrik at -. ; JoS Palatini Doss ci Urd I:!;.::.- 7 K.i HiiiUu - 1 Tkre HoaUil . 6S (Parable in tdiuoe.) TERMS OF A DVEBTI8INQ. tLXOAll On malt, first insertion tl 00 tuk audi kml insertion 0 (lOCAt-i ' local NntlcM, per Una .- IS mnta Ki ulr adr.rtteesa.Dtit tnwrtd upon lliwrtl rmi. Legal Blanks, Business Cards, ; Letter Heads, Bill Heads, ' -; , Circulars. Fosters, I . TTOTtia in (sod Mfl and a knraat Wia arim. ' VOL. II. LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE 15, 1888. NO. 1L LEBANON SOCIETY NOTICES. UBAXOX LoDGE. SO. 44. A. F a A M : Mscta at tketr new ball lu Mwuto Block, on Saturday .i.. n r. . o. full moor. J WAS80S. W. M. LEBANON tXTX!l5. NO. 47. t. O. O. P.: Mwta Sat urday eroi.ius of w :h w,-ek. at Odd Kellnw. Hail, Main atreet: ttaltinc hrathreu eorttUily Invited ta attend. J. J. I RAlU-ToX, . O r HOKOR IOPGR NO. . A O IT. W . Lebanon. Oregon: Meeta avery Brat and third Thur.tA even Icxa in tba month. F. H. R08CX. hi W. A. R. CYRUS eX CO., Real Estate, Insurance & Lean Agent. General Collection and Xotary Vnblle Baslneas Promptly Attended to. C. H. HARMON, BARBER & HAIRDRESSER, LEBAKOX. OREGON. Shavlnf, Hair Cutting, and Shampooing Id the lateat and BBST STTLBS. SV Patronage respectfully aoUdtad. St. Charles Hotel, LEBANON. Oregon. x. w. Oaran Main and Sherman Streeta, two Block East of K K. IVjk. H. E. PARR1SH, Proprietor. Tables Supplied with the Best the Market Affords. Barapla Boema and tba Brat Arcranmoflarlona for Commercial mea -GENERAL STAGE OFFICK- WINTER Artistic Photographer, BROWNSVILLE, OR. E larging from Smt'l Pictures. I u stautaneous Process. WORK WARRANTED. G.T. COTTON, DEALER 19 Groceries and Provisions. TOBACCO t CIGARS, SMOKERS' ARTICLES, Foreign and Domestic Fruits, CONFECTIONERY a 4 i I ass ware. Lamp aaa Lama Flxtarea Mala Lckaaa. OrrsOTJ. ST. JOHN'S HOTEL Sweethcme, Oregon, JOHN T. DAVJS, Proprietor The table is supplied with the very best the market affords. Nice clean beds, and satisfaction guaranteed to all guests. In connection with the above bouse JOHN DOXACA Keeps a Feed and Sale Stable, and will accommodate tourists and travelers with teams, guides and outfits. BURKHART & BILYEU, Proprietors of the My, Sale aiflFesi Slles LGBASOX, OR. Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman. Fine Buggies, Hacks, Har ness and COOO RELIABLE HORSES For parties going to Brownsville, Wa terloo, Sweet Home, Scio, and all parts of Linn County. All kinds of Teaming DONE AT REASONABLE RATES. BURKHART & BILYEU. ANCIENT FIRE-ARMS. Xbe BatUe-Axe, Plutol, the Aretiebose aaa liMl-ljk of Old Timet. The battle-axe pistol had the pistol in tba handle, the weapon being fired by reversing the battle-axe. Many of them did not reverse, however, the muzzle of the pistol in those projecting slightly beyond the head of the axe. The Paris museum has a sword gun, straight sword of remarkable line workmanship, having for about a quarter of its distance a pistol barrel ......: n. 11-1 !L. 1. .1 I I : muting pntilliei Willi It, tuts IOCK oil nin pisiui uriujj cvucvaieu ill idc unuuie " oi me sworu. A hnnting arquebuse belonging to Henry VIII. is still preserved in the Tower of London, the system bcins. nearly identical with that of a favorite modern rifle; and not one modern plan of breech-loading is known that war not at one time or another foreshad owed in ancient weapons. The holy-water sprinkle was a mace, strong and heavy, and having six tubes running through its length. These were the six barrels, all com municating at the base with a common chamber and all fired at once by means of a match applied to the powder. Oi course such a weapon as this once fired was useless as a gun, but still as good a mace as it was before. The wheel-lock, which came In th sixteenth century, consisted of a steel wheel with ratchets working against flint. The wheel, being released bj moving the trigger, revolved rapid! t and struck sparks of fire from the flint, thus igniting the powder. The wheel lock was considered a wonderful in vention, but no long time elapsed aftet it became common before it was super seded by the flint-lock. The whip-pistol, specimens of which are seen in many European museums, lunch resembles an ordinary horse man's whip, with a short, thick handle and long, heavy lash, but concealed In the tassels which apparently ornament the stock is the lock of a pistol, tin barrel of which project slightly be yond the handle of the whip. It war much used by Italian robbers, postil lions and stage-drivers in the south ol Europe. The Berlin museum has two-daggcr-pistol. one having the barrel on tht side of the dagger, the weapon being tired with a wheel-lock; the othei showing the ban-el in the eentcr of the dagger-blade, a point being fixed al the end of the pistol-barrel, which, when the pistol was not in service, answered for the tip of the blade. Both these were very richly urn wented. being inlaid with gold and siiver. and evidently used by person? of rank and wealth. When hand firearms came into us the only method of firing the gun w by applying a blazing fuse to the prim ing in the pan. This was slow and uncertain.-and the difficulties a rising in me nse or early nrearms was so great that some wonder may be ex pressed at their being used at all. Thr gunner was forced to carry coarse powder for his charge, fine powder foi Ins priming, a bag of bullets, a rest on which to place his piece when firing, and a burning match. So much lug gage renderi'd his movements and progress exceedingly slow, and every mnn who carried a gun was, therefore. generally attended by au assistant taJ keep his fire going. Perhaps the most antique effort U combine ancient and modern niethixli is seen in the pistol shield, of whicl. twenty-one specimens are to be found in the Tower of London. It is an ordi nary shit M. to all appearance, but in stead of a boss in the center an oblong tube projects a short distance in front of the shield. This is the pistol barrel, and behind the shield is seen the lock for firing. The pistol was a breech loader and provided with four separate thimbles, each one containing a charge, so th.-it the weapon was practically a repeater. Just above the barrel there was a little hole in the shield through which aim might be taken, but the ef ficiency of these weapons must have been very small. It not infrequently happened in an cient times that during a rain two hos tile armies were forced to suspend military operations entirely from the fact that they could not keep their powder dry or their matches blazing, and the spectacle of opposing forces in the field waiting for a shower to pass, spreading out their ammunition on cloaks in the fun. then sitting down and waiting for their powder to dry, provoked the merriment of even their own day. Besides the process of load ing and firing was incredibly slow. At a battle fought in 1636 the best sol diers were able to fire only seven shots in eight hours, while two years later, in the battle of Wittembergen. the quickest arqnebusei-s fired but seven shots each, although the fight lasted from noon till eight o'clock iu the evening. Chicago Xcws. The Style in Butter. "I wish that the fashions wouldn't change so often," remarked Sniythe h he stabbed the boarding-house but ter. Why?" Because it keeps the popularity of shades in hair in constant fluctuation. and a feller can't tell one day whether next day's butter will be a white horse blonde or a zambesi brunette. i. ercltanl 7 raveii r. Europe does not want to go to war. A war over there would in terrupt the travel of Americans. X. 0- Maine is losing prestige as a ship building Siat.. Figures show that Cleveland alone buiit more tonnage and better tonuaj- last year than the whole Piue Tive S ate. Maine sb'p- vards turned om- forty-one vessel. with a total of 17 454 tons measure me ;.. Cleveland kuilt seventeen ves sels, with a total net tonnage of 19. 621 tons. "Henry," said the wife of a travel ing man. "there is a woman on the next block who hasn't spoken a word for twenty-seven years. Isn't that wonder ful?" 'Hum. she's deaf and dumb ain't she?" "Yes," she said witb- little . .i T 1 .. ... AA m,.,-a ilVl nD. 1 pou w J chant Traveler. . PERNICIOUS READING. Danger Larking la Paper Devoted to Matrimonial Advertising. The publisher of a matrimonial ad. rertising sheets sends us a copy upon which he has written the following memorandum: "Over five hundred leading newspapers have occupied from one to twelve columns each in discussing (many in ridiculing) while very few understand it. Please read." . ept . fair-seeming a request Jjaj a spite of the pressure on our time a pressure which the publisher of a weekly like the one referred to can not probably comprehend we have complied with it. We have Tead;" and we think we can under stand why many" of the five hun ired leading newspapers have occu pied some space in ridiculing the pub lication referred to. If they had read it a little more carefully they would have found it too serious for ridicule and would probably have condemned t. The paper in question purports to be "devoted to seekers of domestic happi ness." What it is really devoted to seems to be the making of money out f the silly, the foolish and the cranks who believe in matrimonial advertis ing, and the wicked who find in a sheet which does such advertising an oppor tunity to ensnare the silly and foolish. It is filled, with the exception of a few solnmns devoted to self-exploit'ition ind specious plea iing in behalf of this miserable method of bringing marriage about, with advertisements, or what purport to be such, of men and women who want partners in wedlock. The descriptions which the adver tisers give of themselves have all the peculiarity of a bill of sale or a chattel mortgage, and are quite as devoid of sentiment. One. for instance, de scribes herself as "a widow of 30, 5 feet t inches in height, dark eyes, light hair, weight 160 pounds, well educated, fair musician and a fair housekeeper. She admits an incumbrance in the hape of "one boy" age, size and weight not given and wants to corre spond with "a estern gentleman over 40. widower or bachelor." She closes with the suggestion that she will be "a Intiful wife to a good man." Another ays she Is "a neat little housekeeper" who "is willing to display her abilities in making home happy;" but how can die (she asks) unless some good, true, temperate man over 15 whom she could love proposes? Another, on the masculine side of the paper, describes himself as a "gen tleman oi K vears. five feet seven ln- fhes, fair complexion, not much money, hut a true and honest heart." 11 neither smokes, chews or drink whisky; and does not say what vice hi does patronize in place of these. Still another is "a widower of 43. having property and income sufficient to sut port a wife, owainj n well-establishet' i.usiness in a town where he is wel known and can give the best of refer ences. He wants 1be acquaintance of a lady of suitable ase who lias no chiien." It can hardly be necessary to sav to intelligent, right-minded readers that this whole notion of advertising for a wife or a husband is degrading and de moralizing. Our system of marrying ami giving in marriage is bad enough at its best, resulting as it so often does in ill-sorted unions, which the courts are compelled to break. It is infinitely better, however, than a system which has its foundation in the matrimonial bureau. There is a pretense at least in all caes and the fact in a great preponderance of cases of mutual ac quaintance and of liking, if not of ro mantic attachment. It may be a lottery, out there is a chance at least of drawing a prize."" and, as a matter of fact, the majority do draw prizes. In a system of marriage upon the bargain and sale theory embodied in the advertisement plan it is inevitable that the vast ma jority mnst draw blanks. No woman of real refinement with right views of the married state, its meaning and its responsibilities, could content herself with a man who wonld answer an advertisement describing the particular kind of a husband want ed, as one would describe a carriage, horse or a pug. JNo sneh woman in deed would advertise for a husband What is true of the woman is true of the man. Detroit Free Press. The True Housewife. Among the things that money can not buy is the true housewife the old- fashioned helpmeet to the toiling hus band. J he wile must herself occupy this place, using servants as helpers, or Kwill remain vacant, and the home becomes wnat it is so oiten caiteu, a residence only. The duty that parents owe to the girls of a growing house hold 19 to fit them to become wive and mothers. If this is done the question of their marriage may be lett to care for itself. If they should be wedded they will be ' qualified to make their married life happy; if chance shou'd de prive them of the blessed privilege of taking charge of their own households and caring for their own children, they will nevertheless l e cultivated women. independent, self-reliant; useful to themselves and to others. No graces or accomplishments without this skill and training can make women any thing better than toys, to be idled with and cast aside when new ones are pre sented. Baltimore Sun. Minister(to widow) "I was at the cemetery to-day, niy dear Mrs. Bentley, and. I discovered that your Lusbaud s grave is quite overgrown with grass.1 Widow( fetching a sigh ): "Yes, I promised poor John just before he died would see it was kept green. Dr. Pellet "So Scalpel set your broken arm?" Patient Yes, sir. Pellet "What were his charges?" Patient "Twenty dollars.' Pellet Robbery, sir downright robbery. I would have amputated it for twenty- five dollars." Detroit Free Press. Mamma," said Johnnie, "can any body hear with their mouth?" "No, dear; I don't think they can," replied his mother. "Then mamma, what made Captain Smythe tell Lucy he wanted to tell her something, and put ; Us lips to her mouth instead of her UarP" . .- . ..1 .r. . - BILLIONS OF EGOS. Wh:Te the l.srg. Cltle of the Country Ob tain Their Supplies. begin to come in from the Eggs South in January," said a Dey street dealer to a reporter, and they run up just like shad or strawberries. A few come from Texas. There is big money n the business there if it is only de veloped; but that's the trouble. North Carolina starts in first. In about four weeks after that we get some from Washington which come from the dienandonh valley, in A irgini.u Then nie the Eastern Shore eggs. Fenn- ylvania eggs are next, and then come Ohio. West Virginia and Kentucky. Ohio usually drops in a month after Xorth Carolina, but this year she was ven with her. The far West and Southwest, by way of Kansas and St Louis, are next in the procession; after hat Iowa and Illinois. Then come Northern Indiana, Minnesota. Dakot-t, Jforthern Iowa and Miihisan. We ret some eggs, though not many, from Dakota." How about New Tork?" "This State h.-. so many large towns hat most of her eggs are consumed in the interior markets. After they get hrough picklin-r. however. New York tate deal rs send us soma fresh eggs n the summer, uauaua comes next to the far West. Foreign eggs have been barred out this season because prices have been better in England. 'I hey ook very well nhere they could be old for enough less to make it an ob ject for people to nse them." hy nre Southern eggs so much mailer than others?" Because they raise game fowls lown there. The difference Is not only n the size but in the quality of the neat. 1 he Cochins. Plymouth Rocks r any other Northern breeds aford tltogether morj nutriment in their girsthan the Southern fowL 'I he best way to shi.ls In free cases ith patent illviuinir paste boarils, nn- css the shipper Is Very skillful, when he best way to send them is in barrels acked in cut straw. There are firms n this State that pickle from 100 to 1. 000 barrels. 840 eggs to the barreL owa has single picklers that put away ram 50J to 5.000 barrels and so has Vlinnesota. Chicago has refrigerators hat can hold 50.000 cases. In thi ity the refrigerators are only used in ases of emergency. But talk about pickling eggs. Ger- uany takes t :e lead. There are some vats in this country that bold 2a,000 2gs, but one German plckler has a at that holds 500 barrels, or 420.000 rig's. He pickles yearly from 75.000 to :txt0 barrels of egTS. or from 63.- 00.000 to 84.000.000 eggs." N. 11 m LEARNING TO HOWL. el -Reformation the Only nay to Reform the VTorld. It Is an old Spanish proverb, we br ieve, '-lie who lives witn wolves w i oon learn to howL" He who lives vith the faults of his frien.ls. and ounts them over and sorts them ami reiglis them and measures them, will oon have equatly grave ones oi nis wn. which his friends will be sure to ;ee. ana wnicn win mane mm posmve y nnable to cure them. There is noth- ng that so deteriorates character as his nndue looking after faults and ijlemUhes in others while we are blind to our own. V, e may abhor meanness uid stinginess in our neighbor, and be ble to give a hundred reasons why he shotiM give away more iu charity, and ee a thousand little things to indicate lis sruallness of soul, and at the sanu .ime we mav be so engrosseu witn one hase of meanness in him as to forget mother phase of meanness in our- elves. We mav abhor u itrnth so y - 'leniently in someone else that we shali rget to hate impurity In ourselves 's may desp'se our neighbor for his arpness and trickery, and spread ver our own slackness anu iniene- mil shiftlesness the coverlet of Thank God. I'm not a sharper!" Tl e Uie. mi liuess nvin can never reiorni tiie over-shrewd speculator; the Ini- u e man can never 1 ft the untruthfu n-in out of tie bog; the gossip is not it to cure t'.e miser of his selfishness li ere is onlv one way, after all. lor - nrm the world. Not by learning to iowl at its faults, or to bark at its nistak s, but fir t to 1 egin the wo.kl reformation with ourselves. We conn i ck inevitably to the old truth so ften before stnted: "In order'to make .he best of otheri we mn-t first make the best of ours lvcs. Golden Rule. Contagiousness of Emotions. Frances Power Cob be, in an article n the contagiousness of emotions in he Fortn ghlly Rev eta. speaks of the demoralizing effects of attend ng cruoi shows. A friend sent the following in stance from his own knowledge: "A patty of English people went to the mil ring at San Sebastian. tVhen the rst horse was ripped np and h's en trails trailed on the ground, a joung lady of the party burst into tears and insisted on going away. Her brothers compelled her to remain, and a num ber of horses were then mutilated and k lied lefore her eyes. Lng before the end of the spectacle the girl was as excit -d and del:gh;ed as any Span iard in the assembly." The tragedies of life and those ex hibitions of heroism which come with great suffering, have much to do with giving shape to the thought and sym pathy and under proper influence and direction to the moral sentiment of society. Iheyarenot pleasant; to . a a -a nse the apostle pnrase, iney are "grevlous;" but a "nevertheless" fol lows them which is as significant as that addressed to the Hebrews. It is at the blessed side of t'-cm we ought to look. United fttbterimn If thirty-two is the freezing point, what is the squeezing point? Two in the shade. tuck. When Mr. Hamlet remarked: "Eye, there's the rub," he is supposed to have just got off a railroad train with ciuder. in his optic, Eclipsed Ex change, In the court room. Why Is it they are so mighty .particular about order hereP" "The judge, you remem ber, can only serve during good beha vior. V Boston Transcript. MISSING. nt yon seen my sailor boy, as yon cam s rosa t:ic sea? Hare you seen my sailor boy, with the laugh ing eyes ol blue. With the iiinllyht on bis balr, and bis face so ymtii and fair. And the smile he nte3 to wear, brave and truer O. he kied me on tbe cheek st he sailed sway to rea. Sailed away from rilostcr Town, and I never raw him more. Out th siiip they come snd go. and tbe tides ihrj el.b and flow. And the wave are moaning low on the shore. Ah! tber told me be was dead, but 1 know It is not true; For he comet to me at night, when the world is all a:;!rep. And he speaks to me by day. when the tempests sweep the buy. And the billow, are st play on the deep. For he tald he would coma back, and be never broke his word Hare you seen my sailor boy? He Is coming aron. 1 k- ow, f would go to btm to-day, if I only knew the way. Though the grave before me lay. 1 would go. J. J. LocAt. in A T. IndeptnsUnt. m ABOUT LIP COURTESY. Aa Article Thst fa Worth Much and Costa Hat Llttl. Nothing is more gratuitous than the good counsel which Is often given to a traveler as to h!s liehavior abroad. If he be a traveler of experience, be knows all about it experimentally. If not. he can not help In-ing foolish, fifty times in the day, in his attempt to act upon such counsel. Parole doure. et main aa bonnet, Ne coute rein, et non eat. (Gentle words, hat i hand, cost noth ing and are acceptable.) The saying comes from Henrv IV., of France, tiie merry Henry of Navarre, This King whs a terrible lib :rtine, and not wise as a sovereign; yet his suhj-tcts adored him, ami. like other libertines, he was the pink of courtesy. This fair saying of Henry of 3f.t varre's may be matched by the Spanish proverli. "Cortesin de boca niiicho valo. y poco euesta" lip courtesy is worth much and costs little. No one who has not been through Iberian lauds and mixed with high and low in them, cat have ai idea of the iin ort ance of this brief maxim. The S, an iards are a gracious people; we can tut', compare with them in the matter of civility, but their civility runs be n.et with civility, or it quickly deve'.op" into hatred of the most bitter kind which we all know as the outcome of a mark of contemp. Of eourse. where tliis civility gm-a beyond a certain p-int. It must he tale t at a reasonable valu ation only. No one, for exampl?, wil: construe a Spaniard to the letter a hen he says, with a bow, 'My house Is at your disp.sitiiin." These are merely conventional courtesies which sig iify that the uit'-r-r of them has a regard for you. and will gladly .give yo;t a glass of wine, or a cup of coffee, and a cigarette, if you call some aftern ion, and find him with nothing better on his hands. Hotvever, it is well not to le to; ready to reciprocate nati nal eourtesit-s in kind. The young English man who thought to outdo Sp tin by offering his watch and chain, suiting the action to the word, to the Spaniard who admired it, kad nojuH grievance t 'ien the other toox it with a bow and a "mochas gracias" niany thanks. AU the Tear itoun L ONE WOMAN'S WAY. Bow She Makes Married I.lfe a rrrfeet Hravm oa Earth. In the morning -after the beds an made, ihe sweeping and dusting done anil every thing put in order for the dav, I raise the window-shades and let the sunshine fliod rooms flowers and canaries. 1 open the plam and draw niv hushnnd's favorite chair to a cozy place near the fire, so tha' when he comes home at noon, tired perhaps, he can have a few moment' rest Then I brush my hair, change my morning wrapper for something 'rerh and clean, put on a linen collar and am ready to si., down to sewing oi mending. When he returns to dinner I always greet him with a smile and a kind word. If I see his brow is clouded and business is on his mind. I inquire into matters, because what Interests one should interest both, and a wib hould be a helping hand, not a burden. We exchange opiuions. One nevei enters into any thing, no matter of how trivial a nature, without the sanction of the other. Our motto is "Bear and forbear." His purse is mine. When 1 need money I am not compelled to ask for it- If I spend a few dimes. 1 am not questioned and made to give an account tf every cent, as so many poor martyred wives are compelled to do. When evening comes I brighten the hearth with a cheerful fire, liht the lamps, place my husband's chair be neath the raj-s of the hanging lamp, his slippers on the hearth-rug and un fold his paper, a'l in readiness for his coming. Ere long I hear his footsteps, and when the door opens and he comes in, he greets with a smile the cheerful ness awaiting him. My husband never spends his evening away from home. Every day I see husbands going home to cheerless hearths, and dowdy, scolding wives. No wonder there are so many men who spend thoir evenings in the bar-room and at the gaming t:ib!es. Wives, make yourselves attractive and your homes worthy the name of home, with a cheerful fireside a haven of rest for your dear ones r.fter the toils and cares of the day are done, and you will keep them by your s'kIc. Cor. Farm and Uoine. Jones "Yes, sir, it is mighty naru to collect money just now. I know it" Smith "Indeed! Have you tried to collect Hnd failed?" Jones "Oh, no." Smith "How, then, do you know that money is hard to collect? Jones "Because several people have tried to collect of me." Boston Cou rier. m oi An old lady who had several un married daughters fed them largely on a fish diet, because, as she inge niously observed, fish is rich iu phos phorus, and phosphorous is tho essen tial thing in making matches. m . m When a woman undertakes to read a long and interesting lecture to a man on the sin of chewing tobacco she should alwavs be careful to remove the gum from her augelio mouth before she commences Lincoln Journal. ST. BERNARD HOSPICE. IILtory of tbe Famoaa Ch iritsble end Re llgluas Institution, The hospice of S . B ;rnard. In the Pennine Alps. Is situated at the sniv. mit of the great St B -mar J pa-s from Switzerland info Ita'r. It is sail to be the highest inhabited building in Europe, the exact elevation abort s-n level being 8. 12J feet. It sta ids on the edge of a small lake, which for nine months of the year is frczjii, an ! the temperature even . in summer is often exceedingly cold. In winter twenty to twenty-eight degrees below z-ro is a common state of the ther mometer. The hosp co owes its exist ence to Bernard de Menthon, a noble man of S.ivoy, who erected it in the year .962 for the assistance of pilgrims j'Uir.iey lug from the northern countries of Europe to Bima About twenty Augustiuian monks now lire there, spending their time in lodging and at tending to visitors, in religious serv ices, the su plying of their own wants, and the rescue of wayfarers lost in the now. Travelers of all nationalities who visit the hospice are boarded and lodged gratuitously, but are expected to deposit the cost of their entertain ment isj the poor-ixx on leaving. The St. BcrVard . dogs, who assist the brethren to find a-id ex ricate travelers burled in the S'iow, are famous all over the world, although the original breed is said to be extinct. In the middle ages the monastery was very wealthy, and Einperors r.nd Kings recognized the services rendered to humanity by "the pious monks of St. B rnard by gifts and grants; now, however, the small revenues of the hospice are chii-fl- d -rived from cot lectious made in Switzerland, and to a much less degree from the offerings of visitors. The buildings, which have suffered grievously from the dangerous avalanches now common in the mount ainous parts of Europe, consist of two blocks, one containing a dining-room, a library, a church, the rooms of the brethren and spacious accommodation fir travelers; the other, called the Hotel de Sr. Louis, being a refuge in case of fire, a store-house and a lodg ing for the poorer wayfarers. The mam building da: es from thj midd'.e of the sixteenth century. The church was built so long sg as 163 J. As one' of the chief of the Alpine passes the great St. B -rnnrj has been the scene of many s:irring events of history: during the Napoleonic wars French soldiers were quartered in fhe hospice for more than a year. The nunts usually live for fifteen years in the cold and solitude of their mountain dwelling, and are said to suff-r se verely in health from the severity ol the climate. Vh-'e tgo Times. GORDON'S LAST HOUR. Aa Kye-Wita' Awtheatle Aecoanl ot the tall of Khartoarn. E-tgland lit the anniversary o G rdou's death go by unnoticed, save by a few Tory newspapers and a con gregation of abut two hundred (crsotis who attended a memorial -ervice In Lmdon. At this service R-v. 1L Walker, an old personal friend of General G nlo i. preached the ser mon, and during the discourse read the following sworn testimony of one of the loyal sergeants who was presen at General Gordon's death, and which was communicated to Lieutenant Gor don, nephew of the late G-neraL The sergeant said he was formerly in the garrison of B -rber, but escaped at its fall to Khar! ou m, where he was one of four scrgean'.s, orderlies to Gordon. He was on duty on January 26. and was with G rdon on he lookout." on the top of the pal ace. Gordon, on the eTening before. warned the people that he had seen a great deal of ex. ra excitement in the rebel camp, and that unless a good re sistance was made that night the town would falL As the morning alar rose the reb -Is made a f-Mnt at a portion of ihe di-f snses, u.i ier F rag P.idha, with the black troops; but at the same time they directed their full attack at the defense commanded by Has sen Bey Ben Assereh, with the Fifth regiment of fellaheen, and succeeded In getting Into tbe town,. hen G.trdon heard ihe rebels in town he said: "It is all finished; to-day Gordon will be killed, and weut down s'a rs, followed by the four sergeants, who took their rifles with them. lit took a chair and sat down on the right of the palace door, the four sergeants stand ing on h's left. All at once a Mieitti galiopmi up witn some Bagaree Arabs. The sergeants wer on tbe point of firing when Gordon, seizing one of their rifles, said: "No need of rifles to-d.iy; Gordon is to be killed!" (as before). The Sheikh told Gord on that he had been ordered by the Mahdl to bring him alive. Gordon refused to go, saying he would die where he was adding that i.o harm was to be done to the four sergeants, who hail not fired on the rebels. The Sheikh repeated the order three times, and each time Gordon gave the same answer. After a few words the S.icikh lrew his sword, and. rushing up to G 'rdon, cut him over the left shoulder. Gordon looking him in the f. ce and offering no resistance. H's head was cut off and taken to the Mahdi at Ondurman, and his body was burled close to the door of the palace and a tomb built over it. The tomb is treat ed with respect. A'l Y. Tr.bune. I took my first lessons iu agri culture in driying the cow to pasture, and leading the horse to plow upon tho farm; and though fate has led me in other paths, yet there never has been one, there never will be any, where I shall enjoy a purer and more unalloyed p'.e isure than I did at that period of my life. Horace Mann. A farmer In Pi.-c.Uaqnis County. Mi, cut down a tree and hauled it home the other day. When he went o split it up for fire wood he was -.really surprised to fi id a big bear n joying his winter nap inside the hol low log- A flock of wild turkeys alighted in the corn field of John Wa ker, near Cowdoa, Ind. The ground w;ts mud dy, and the weather turning cold, sud denly their feet were frozen into the earth, and they were all captured. THE GENTLEMANLY CLERK. u Thoasht He Knew a Thing or Two, Bat IV a Kadly Mistaken. "Now, that name," said the hotel clerk, running his diamond-bilted fin ger down the register, and pausing at the name of Gurlproat, "that name is a fraud. That man is traveling incog., and there is something crooked about him." Why do yon think so?" inquired a reporter on the tra.l of a fugitive item. "Why do I think so? Why. 1 almost know it in fact, I do kn iw it Intui tively. It is my bnsiness to be famil iar with names nn I the derivation and nationality of them. Now. there is no such name as Gurlproat It is neither English, Irish, Scotch. German. Swe dish. Welch. Frjnch. Spanish. Italian. Russian, Malay, Greek. Norwegian or Choctaw. It is a machine nam. man ufactured for an emergency, some thing like the characters in Dickens' novels the Veneerings. Podsnaps. Weggs. Dorrltts, Jaggers. Nickelbys and Chuzzlewits. I am obliged, you know, to be sharp in my business." "Are there any other ear-marks by which yon know this man to be a fraud?" "Well, yes; I have spoken to him on several occasions, calling him by name Gnrlproat and on every occasion he has appeared to fail to recognize the name as at all familiar, and I have to repeat it I tell you he is a fly fakir from Flytown. He is a queer, and yon can bet high on that." Now. there is a matt." continued the hotel clerk, pointing to another square-toed specimee of caligraphy. that man Jones, there, A. Q. Jones, he's all O. K. There is no subterfuge about him. He comes in and planks down his gripsack, deposits a roll of bills in the safe, calls for a stylos, in dorses the register, and there you have t straight and flit-f ote.L A. Q- Jones. 9 2,000. in his role in the safe. He is a m.tn who will d.i to tie up to. We have to be good judges of human na ture in this business. I tell yon. and are obliged to be t-e totally and strictly sharp. But Jones is solid with this bouse. He h-vs been htve a week now and I hare advanced him $550 or $900 on his ro'L" "You are sure the ro'l contains mon ey, nre you?" inquired the reporter, ej-r-dessly. Sure! Why. it is an express pack age, sealed, and the amount marked on the corner. Guests often leave them with ns for security." "I should want to know that it was all right before I loaned m joey on it," pursued the reoorter. That's where yon would fool your self. That's where you would insnlt guests and drive trade away. But" the sharp clerk sp.ke this a little ui easily "just to show you what a square man Jones is. I'll send np this bill." and the clerk proceeded to sound a load timbrel which summoned a bell boy. Here, run np to 53 with this." said the clerk. While the bell bov was on his mission the suspicions Gurlproat came up to the office to settle his bilL "That's him Gurlproat" said th clerk, forming the words with hi. mouth without uttering sound; "$8.25 two days and a halt" ""Hay?" said the deoised Gurlproat "lwo days and a half eight and a qnarter." answered the clerk, winking at the reporter. Eight dollars" "Eight and a quarter." "All right correct." and Mr. Gurl proat tendered a ten-dollar bilL The sharp clerk spent five minutes critically examining and testing the same. While doing so the suspected guest observed: "If Colonel James Gurlproat, of Montgomery, Ala., calls for me. please tell him I have gone to Washington. The hotel clerk looked suddenly up. and his face was like a circus-poster gilded by the rays of sunset "Are you Congressman Gurlproat, of Alabama?" he inquired. Hay" "Are you Congressman Gurlproat, of Alabama?" "No, I am his brother. 1 am Judge Gurlproat formerly of the Supreme Bench." He had his change, and in another instant the porter was obsequiously escorting him out to a carriage. "Why," exclaimed the clerk. "It's singular I happened to forget that Gurl proat family of Montgomery. It just beats alL Funny, isn't it, when you miss a man s name. The bell boy returned at this inter esting juncture of the proceedings with the startling information that A. Q. Jones had skipped, bag and baggage, hook, line ' and sinker, foot, horse and dragoons. The clerk turned white and his finger shook 1 ke a splinter on a rail in the wind, as he suddenly went lown into the safe after the express pneknge. He fidied it np, tore off the end and proceeded to shake out a gen erous wad of newspaper clippings, some if it gems of poetry, the balance choice xtracts from the hnmoious papers and medical reading notices, Texas ftl ngs. m Innocence imposed Upon. Caller (to Bobby, in his first trous ers) Those are nice trousers, Bobby, or a little boy. B bby (proudly) They ain't boy's : rouscrs. Ma says they are regular n.e:i's trousers. Caller Are they? B bby Yes indeed; they're made ver from an old pair of pa a. A. X. Sun. "Father." said Robert, "I have long cherished the desire to go on the stage, and have at last decided, with your permission, to" My son," interrupted the foud father, "all the world's a stage. Take that hoe hang ing in the woodshed and go and dig those potatoes back, of the orchard." Harper Bazar. Papa (severely) "Did you ask mamma if you could have that apple?" Three-year-old "Yes. sir.' Papa "Be careful, now. I'll ask mamma, and if she says. you didn't ask her 111 whip you for telling a story. Did, you ask mamma?" Three-year-old- "Truly, papa, I asked her. (A pause.) She said I couldn't hare it" fJUJa delphia Call. :' , , " WOMEN AS ENGRAVERS. the Preealsos and) Umltatte :loss of the Work Clearly Deoaed. Engraving to-day la not mere copy ing, it is an art la Itself, which should not be attempted by any persons ex cept those who have a good acquaint ance with drawing, and also some artistic talent To be sure, if any en graver wants to be a mere copyist of the lines, he can earn his living. His task will be the cutting cf designs for patent reports a kind of work poorly 3 MM ,t? rernaneraieu, xne vniuee copyist has his merits, and there are man r Chinese out of China. The well-paid wood-engravers of to-dav must have originality, lor it Is originality in a certain sense which accrnes to his benefit, although he may apparjntly only carry out the inspiration of an other. To engrave with skill reqnires art instruction in the widest sense. There roust be accuracy in drawing, an acquaintance with effects, a knowl edge of tints, shadows, and the power to supplement the crndeness or the vagueness of the original design with effects of one's own. A woman can make a' living by do ing what is called fashion or stock work, but when engravers get into that style of work it spoils them for the higher grades of engraving. Unless a woman eia devote two or three years to nothing bat practice- work, she might as well nevr have begun her career. She may get into an office, but unless she is willing to accept much lesi pay tban a man she will not fi id a position. If she wants to do picture-work, that is. engrave from photographs or wan drawings she had batter make up her mind to study three years without ex acting remuneration. It seems nat ural, after a woman has gone through a three years course of engraving, to ask for work at an office- She will in all probability be refused. - - The reason -given is that men are preferred. Only two or three women in New York hare come up to the high standard of men in wood engraving. One of thse has been working hard for ten and an other for fifteen veais. Women ara apt to be weak in s yle. and the first requisite in wood engraving is firmness and clearness. A 'nice little line here and a fine line there amount to nothing.' Each line mast rep resent something, and show that it was not pnt there to fill up space. The fault with the general rua of women engravers is that they do not select a special kind of work. I should advise women to take special work, and sticking to that, they mi?ht hen make a modest repntation. Let hem try to become landscape, fi;nrs r portrait engravers, bat not attempt ill three of the so at one time. The greatest compliment that can be paid a woman is to tell her that she works like a man. That means she has a man's boldness and firmness of touch. If a woman wants to become an en graver, she must devot? s'x hours a lay to her engraving, and two mora to drawing, making eight hours a day. Very fw men or women ara willin? to do this. At first there) should be drawing from the east with charcoal in a broad style. As tho pupil advances she mn-t keep up her engraving, later on drawing from lift Drawing and engraving must go on together. It is a good plan to take the wore of some leading engraver and study his method of .treatment I know of some wo nen who. following this plan, have acquired a fair reputation. If. i hen. a womaa has some talent aad perseverance, there is so reason why she should not attempt wood Engraving. It is, however. use It s when a woman reaches middle age to study engraving. Her future is too short for that Fourteen is not too young for a girl to begin, for it is easier then to leara how to handle the tools. I have known some who bave spent their first year ia acquiring facility with the tools. It seems an easy matter, but ao one knows how difficult it is until tried. In the course of instruction women are apt to de oend overmuch on their teach-rs. They are afraid to cut a face or a hand without th help of their master. If i hey make op their minds to cut a face or a hand without aid, they wonld see how much easier the next ona could be engraved. Adviee how the work is to be done does the pupil more good than patterns set for her. Pupils who rely solely upon their instructor never have a style of their own. It might be supposed that I do not favor women as wood engravers. What X do think is this: that it is a great mis take for so many women to adopt the profession when they have no talent for drawing. Competition exisrsjje- cause there are so many women who work like machines. Harper's Bazar. Mrs. General Sherman. like her husband, is a regular first-nighter at the theaters. Miss Jennie Chamberlain, the Ohio beauty that created such a sensation ia Europe, is now living at a hotel in Cleveland. She seldom goes out. re ceives few visitors and leads a very quiet life. George Bancroft, the octogenarian, politician, and historian, is the only private citizen admitted to the privi leges of the floor of the Senate, and tho only person to who such courtesy is extended by name. Senator Stanford's California ranch contains 56.000 acres, and is probably the largest in the country. Some 5,800 acres are planted in grape vines, and he has a wine cellar that holds 1,000,000 gallons. Worth, the famous Paris costumer, receives his customers in a short em broidered jacket, capacious trousers, a white flannel shirt fastened at tha throat with a loosely-knotted scarf and. a brown Tarn O'Shanter cap. Sir Donald Smith, tho millionaire pioneer of the Hudson Bay Company, gave his daughter, lately married in Montreal, a check for $2,000,000. The groom was Dr. J. B. Howard, a young physician of moderate means. . A Nashville carpenter arose in his sleep and went into his shop and began filing a saw. The noise woke him up and he was mightily puzzled to find himself engaged at work at two o'clock la the morning- in a dark shoo.