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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1888)
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H. Y. KIKKPATHU'K .
Kfarf 4corliaiuti taf -
TKUMH Of SUttHCKlPl'IoK.
On Y- . . .
t. M 'Htha , , t ......
( -!I1 m a.lvanoa.1
Jot Printing Ccse n K:ti:.9.
TKttMS ur AUVKHTI81NU.
On mtuar, Si lwawtti.it , . tt 90
Kaclt felvU lUal iiuxfiUou. ........... . W
Wo) N t.. p-rltn. IS stint,
K-.nlar mOoiti.-wiii-nla lita-rtil uptm ll'wtml tarna.
Legal Blanks, Buatneaa Cards,
Let tar Heads, Bill Haads,
Circulars!, Postara, 9ut$
Xxawaea ta f4 atjrta ul at iewtat Brtuf pa-tcsa.
A NOVEL RAILWAY?"
LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, MAY 18, 1888.
LEBANON Loral K. NO. , A M t : Mrftt
at thftlr war liatt In MMtl eiwca, cm Sattmlaj
av.iiUij, u ur botura tb. lull miW)
J WASHON, W. M.
tEBmN i.oiHSR. no, r. i o o r.: mu nt.
lint .jr vtcnini if aa h . at SMil sVI.. a Halt,
Man atrevl; iliiuni ktathiim cmillailj Ii1iih1 w
attend. J. J. J HAKl.ruK, H O.
HON H LotXlR NO. Ss, A O V. W, I.ahanwt
tw m: Mu trj Aral ami atstril Thuiwlw m
Ino ta tha (moult. I'.IUiUlXiS M..
A. R. CYRUS & CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
eneral Celleetlow aw Notary rvblle
Haalneaa lrniptlv Attended ta.
C. H. HARMON,
BARBER & HAIRDRESSER,
Btaatln., Hair Cutting, an.l Shampooing la tha
Patron rrapntfully uliciu4-
St. Charles Hotel,
N. W. Corn Main and Sherman Simla, tw MoaA
t of R R. IS-poC
H. E. PARRISH, Proprietor.
Tables Supplied with the Best ths Market
Sa) Roocna ami tha Brat
-GENERAL STAGE OFFICE. -
I. F. CONN,
aad Biaeelfleatlaae l'inillkti
a Hkai t Satire.
ILL USDS OF CiSPESTER WORI COSE
And Satisfaction Guaranteed.
A4-PR1CES VERY REASONABLE.
Alaaay al laanaia. Or.
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO & CIGARS.
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
l(ietawr aad UlMswarr.
Lamp aad lamp FUtareav
Mala Lcbaata. Orfti.
,- -. '
BVIIL, Sl KELLEXBERGER.
Tresh and Salted Beef and
Bacoi ni tiii always on Haul
Main Street, Lebanon, Or.
Horse Shoeing and Gen
Ail Work Guaranteed to Give
Trices to Suit the
There were lynched in the United
States during the year 1887 ho fewer
than 123 persona.
Sir Morei.l Mackknzik examined
ho throat of ihe Crown Prince with
tn electric lamp. The lamp is ap
pended at the end of what looks like a
long, slender pen-holder, ri.d the pro-
ortiouately tmall buttery which sup
plies the electricity ia worn about the
xamining surgeon's neck.
A small trout with to heads
I een discovered rtccntly In the
Hatchery at Iona, Mich. The head
tre perfectly formed and the bodies
unite at the back fin. The little fel
low ia described as looking like an an
imated boot jack, and as lively a wrig
gler as any fish in the pond.
On a recent very cold day a ciliten
of Chaplin, Mae.., went fox-hunting.
At the edge of a wood he put out hi
hound, which soon dixapiteHtrd from
view and hearing. The hunter waited
three weary hours, and then went to
his wagon, where he found the intelli
gent dog snug and warm under the
Yf.ixow or orange stain for wood is
one of the mtt rought for in orna
mental or cabinet work. A beautiful
result is reached by digesting 2.1
ounce ol uneiy powdered tnrmono
tor several days in 1T.5 ounces of 80
per cent, alcohol, and then straining
through a cloth. The solution is ap
plied to the articles to be stained.
The apparent paradox that the
most transparent water is at the same
time perfectly opaque from a certaiu
point of view is shown by a si.nple cx
rxrimenL Tartly fill a glass goblet
with cler water, and hold it a little
above the level of the eye and distant
oot or more. No object can be seen
when helJ juH over the surface of the
water, but the wa'er surface appears
like a burnished mirror.
A series of experiments lately made
I y a French metallurgist are suid to
have proved tht steel loses weight by
rust twice as rapidly as cast iron when
exposed to moist air. Acidulated
water was found fo di solve catt iron
much more rapidly than BtetL From
thi it would seem that steel bridges
are le?s affected by the acids contained
in the smoke of the locomotives than
are iron ones.
Instruction in the use of tools is
. . . i i : 1 1 . i.
aoout to d luiruuuieu iu ait ii
primary schools of France. It ha i al
ready been introduced in many, and
hits been ucccsfefully tried at such
-choola in ManchcBUr, in England. It
is found that the me of tools furnishes
an agreeable relaxation. The appren-iice-hip
schools, which are the next
niglur grade, are taking the place of
the uld apprenticeship system in Ger
many, Sierland nd France.
Cotton, according to a scientific;
authority, is t.ot a fiber, but a plant
hair. It holds to be spun into a j
thread .becatii-e of peculiar twists in
each hair shown under the micro
scope, especially in polarlied liht.
Linen thread may be spun, because
the fibers have certain roughnesses on
their surfaces which enable them to
cling together. Hence it is impossi
ble to ma'-e as fine linen as cotton
cloth, tut it is much stronger.
The first train to cross the Arctic
Circle p-.ssed the line on the Lulea
Railway recently. Thii most north
erly railroad in the world runs up from
the Swedish rort of Lulea, at the
Head of the Gulf of Bothnia, into
Swedish Lapland, within four miles of
the Gcllivara Mountains, famous foi
their yield of iron ore. The works
were begun twenty-seven years ago,
ind then were given up until quite
Berlin, it seems, has gradually be
come the head-quarters of the carved
wood industry, supplanting Switier
land. Six hundred artists in wood-
carvmsr, tne same numoar oi turn
ers, and 700 carpent rs are engaged in
4 . .
manufacturing such articles aa cigar
ase8, newspaper and picture frame,
napkin rings, etc. The value of the
tnnual expoit of these articles is given
as 5,000,000 marks, and this is exclu
sive of the cotly Carved wood furni
ture, the manufacture and export oi
which are assuming large proportions.
As Hardy Delonq and hia son
Reuben, who live on Black Lake,
abont eight miles from Ogdeni-burg,
X. Y., were driving along the highway
they saw a large bald eagle sitting en
the fence. The bird was covered with
mad and too weak to get away from
them. He was soon captured and put
in their buggy. In the field near by
bey found another bald cgle lyinp
'ead. The scratched and torn con
ditin of both buds showed that tbeie
hud been a life and death . tiuggle be
The plan for signaling accurate
tim from eeaeoasts w.-ts first adopted
by Gro-U Britain about thirty years
aro. That country has now on its
coasts fourteen time-balls and five
other tune-signals, and its colonies
and dependencies have twenty-six
time-balls; Germany hna seven time-
ralU; France, two time-balls and two
other li;tie signals; Bweded and Norway-.
Austria-Hunff:iT- nlland and
Belgium, and the Units I States, hare
fire-' time-balls each; i Denmark has
two; Sain and Puitujal, one each;
JUlr. none. Boston RnSct .
Epilftoe of the Principal Eveaii
Attracting T bl e lateral
Th supreme court of Illinois ha
funned the decision of the lowei
court in the county ' boodler" case,
and defendants will have to serve theli
Urin of sentence.
U. 8. Mershl Franks has been al
lowed f 1,301 97, for expenses incurred
in blinking Ueusou, of survey fame,
Ewing Waiterson, son ef Henry
WalU-ritoti, editor t the Louisville
Courier Joumnl, has teeii arrested on
a charge eif aaaatilt with intent to kill
Mrs. Irene Uukel.
- Officer Mai tin Nolan was shot in
several place and fatally wounded
a bile trying to arre two mvmbers ot
the noUrius Mollie Nalt gang ol
house br -ak era in Chicago.
A freight car loadenl with powder
while standing in the yrda at Mont
gomery, Ala , exploded from some un
known caue, destroying several carr
near it, and killing K jbert Givan, s
Amos 11. Tyler, of Utth N. Y., i
aalesman, shot anvt fattlly wounde
Dr. V. F. Gilroy, a demist. Tyle
went to Gilmy'e hou,. and non tin
lattei's appearance begart shiM'ing a
him. Three balls entered Gilroy
The remains of Gen. Martin Beem
if Chicago, will be interred at Alton
III. The death of Gen. Beem by sui
cide, at 8tanton, Nebraska, was a mos
unexpected blow to his friends am
relatives, to whom the deed was inex
Win. Spurgeon, who has been rr
siding at Hpringtield, Mo., sometim
under the name of Hamuel Whittle)
was arr strd for the emln'tilement o
over f IfaJ.OOO while in the employ of
private banking firm ef Btltimore a
A gang of men were working in
sewer trench al Yonkera, N. Y.f whicl
is sixteen feet deep, when the water
pie burs', cau-iug the sides of th
ditch to cave in, and quickly fill in
ehe trench with earth and water. Hi:
of the lahortr, are known to bav
been buiietf alive
The boiler at the sash and blin
factory of J. Hdges, al Manchestei
X. 1!., exploded. Wm. Tyler am
llarv.y Emeiy were killtd, and Ei
iinet-r Thoiuiwon was f. tally iujured
A piece of the boiler struck the hou
of Mrs. James Mahoney, 500 feet dis
tant, and fatally injtmsd tint lady.
A vacant frame tuil ling on Foui
teenth street, in Chicago, colltpset
while a number of a.-hool Kills wei'
therein romping. Liliian Collins, 1
years old, was buried iu the ruins an
had to be chopp d out ol tha wreck
She was horribly crushed. Theolhei
had A narrow e-cape.
A eyclone s ruck the village of I
calonica, III., wre-cking wvt ral houa-
and iunumerablo ouibuiMings. Un
woman and tlir.e vhiUlren were ir
j.uevl, lu. not fa tally, by flying tin.
er. The storm came all the way
from Freeport, accomptnving Ih
evening train prt of the distance and
camtins havoc i lonir the route.
Fin; wa seen on tho tarin t.f Widow
Fnx-xe. near Arlington, Neb. A pos
of ciiixena went out, and were horri
tiol at finding the chaired lemains ol
seven human IxKlie, only il-ntifieel
by their stature as follows : Old lady
Freexe, Fred. Gratelus -hen, his win
and three children, and Fred's brothei
L uis. scailert-d in ditl'erenl p iria ol
the bam, among the hurst s and cows
Emma Althouie, a young woman I
Attica, X. Y., who has be-cn subject to
trancts of long duration lor son e
time, awoke, af -or a sleep of thirty-
t'lrvedtys. -When tola il lit-r prt
tracted swep slie evince J much sui-
prise. During her s'ep her gri d
father, residing i i Kentucky, ttid
Wnen Emma awoke, she informed tin
family physician of the fact, but si e
could not tell how she cunio to km w
A number f explosion, of natura'
ca occurred almost simultaneously in
Buffalo, X. Y , caused by over pre
sure, and created widespread exoi't
ment, besides dextroyiiiK iSt. Paul's
Cathedral, the pride and glory of tl
city. An explosion occurred in the
furnace in the basement, blowing eut
windows and doors. Flames at on e
broke out, and in half an hour the
tenor of the beautilul church was
The climax in the case of the Wil-
limantic SivuiKS li.siuuie in Connect
lout, whs reached in the arrtst of
Cashier Royee, on twenty-five counts
which indicate that Kovce a pecul
ions nave been more rxd and ex
tended than at first expected. The
indictments allege misuse of deposit i
and the making of false entries for a
large numlier of notes and bills re
ceivable which were never sent for col-1
let tion. He is als charged with ap
propii ding ab.tut 35,000 at different
O.ie of the largest, if not the largest.
pensions on record has leen granted
to C. B. Gillett, of Whatcheer, Iowt.
the amount being $12,013. Gillett re
. . i 1-. ? . .
ct-ivrd a sunatroKe wnue in tne army.
was treated at the hospital for disease
if the eyes, and finally discharged
from service on account of this disa
bility. In 1872 he applied for a pen
sion, but bi claim was rejected in
1878 on the ground that his blindness
s uld not be directly traced to sun
stroke while in the service. A few
ye.ira since his relatives and attorney
had the case reeqiended, ar.d the ret uh
is an allowance f orr f 12.000 on tin
rirst payment, and 172 a month dur
ing the remainder of hi life.
The rem iua ui a woman wen
found in the brush in Sweitzer can
yon, -almut three milea eaH of San
Diego, Cal.. by Mr. Grubnow, a dairy
man. The remains had been shock
ingly mutilated by coyotes. In a
satchel near by were several letters,
one addressed to Miss Annie Cunning
hum, care of Samuel John Erwin,
Fresno, California , postmarked Ireland.
A photograph of a woman about 45
years of age waa also found, believed
to be that of deceased. An empty
box of Bough on K .ts was found near
the " and one theory is that being
aa! j ' ain employment, Bhe beer-
; od walloped the
I Iaaorallaa la achnol-Taehla(
Ualna Triad la N.w York.
A novel system of manual training.
the adoption ot which earnest men
have agitated for sovoral years, and
which Is expected to revolutionize
Dublio school education, went Into
operation on an experimental scale In
several city schools recently.
lite new system must not be con
founded with that of industrial work,
which Is also being agitated. In the
ower grades it consists of a few
simple helps to the children, caus
ing thom to use their hands and eyns
n the ordinary studios hitherto
In the study of geography, for In
stance, they will be supplied with flour
and water and taught to mike chains
of mountains In paste, with rivers of
real water between them. In niltli-
n-'tlo and geometry the Innovations
joiislst of t'.ie use of eiay in forming
curves and triangles, ami actual
blocks of wood to prove their gooinut-
The toys will not he made carpen
ters or plumlMTS or Inm-worker, nor
the gii ls taught the complete art of
Iresamttktng or cooking, but tool-
hops and cooking-rooms will be pro
vided and much r .luahle Instruction
$tven in the theory of those arts.
I he use of the knifn, grindstone and
lack plane wilt he taught to the boys in
he lowest grade during two hours of
n:uii week, and the older pupils w ill in
time lie Initiated Into the mysteries of
the snw. the vice, th hammer am)
mils and the plane. The principles of
lovetailing and making joints w ill Im
(xplaiiied by special teachers, and in
the highest grades finished boxes will
be constructed propriy sand-pnpered
Two hours per week are set apart for
instruction to the girls In sewing and
hemming, measuring, cutting pi r.
patterns and fitting. Two hours weekly
re allotted to the theory of cooking.
esetial attention lielng given to in
struction in the who osomeness and d-
free of nutrition in the various article
if ftHxl, the csre and nse of tin. Iron
tnd copper utn isil. the precautions
netcnary to prevent verdigris the
orint'lplt'S of economy in purchasing
food, the means of deiermininsr the
whoh'Homciieas or iiiiwlinleaonteness
and the nrmes of the various kinds t
poultry and the joints of meat.
Ample provision has Wen msde for
the uei'csanry supplies of mtterial.
Knelt cooVinir tttoiu will have a range
tnd set of utensils coating and
f3o0 will be appropriated for putting
up and a-ipplying rat h woikshop w Ith
Calico iind muslin, srlssors, needles.
patterns, etc. will lie supplied on
iejuiition to the teachers in the dress
sl)ur object," said Trlnclpal O'Noil.
"is not so much to create new studies
as to infuse new interest in the teach
ing of the old studies. Manual train
ing is to education what the telephone
and tetegraph hare been in the ordin
ary business of life.
"By building ranges of mountains
on maps, making geometrically shaped
model in clay and giving practical il
lustrations of the use of the needle and
the plane we shall be able to give the
pupils more usefu knowledge in one
hour than was possible in two hours
under the old system, " Y. T. Evtring
SLAVES IN TURKEY.
fkat Thajr An SVorta aad Bow Thay Ar.
Traatad bjr Thatr Owaara.
According to Mr. Cox. "there Is
scarcely a family in Turkey, which
has the means, that docs not possess
a number of women and girl slaves.
black and white. The blaek are from
Central Africa and Nubia; the white
are Circassians sold by their parents."
The prico of 'the female slaves varies
with their pretensions to good looks,
the comely ones being to some extent
educated and taught to sing, dance
and make themselves agreeable. We
learn that a "girl under 10 will bring
$100, a maiden between 12 and 16, if
she be attractive and can play upon
the zither, from $3,600 to $5,000. Ii
the young woman be a blonde, with
black eyes and otherwise of rare beau
ty, she may bring from $4,000 to $6,
000. An amateur will pay double that
for a choice specimen, well educated
in French and other graoes." But Mr.
Cox adds that "this tariff by no means
applies to the slaves from Africa,
the depots tor whom are In Scutari
and in the villages on the Bos
porus. Tho black male slave will
bring $90, the black maiden $75. and
a eunuch perhaps $400." We aro as
sured by tho author that "the slave has
not a hard lot. Tho child of tho slave
has a part of the inheritance of the
father. More than half the marriages
in Turkey are with slaves." Each so-c.-illcd
wife of the Sultan, for instance,
:s a slave, his rank being too exalted
to permit of his entering into any mar
riage proper. "The fact is," thus Mr.
Cor. sums up his observations on the
subject, "s!avcry in Turkey is but a
name. The slaves have nothing to
complaioof. The white slaves rush to
shivery as an alternative to some thing
else and worse; only the black slavos
who are brought from Africa have (in
the course of transit) undergone the
horrors of the traditional slave trade.
Ouce received, however, the house
slave, though perhaps looked down
upon as one of under condition, is
nevertheless, from infancy to old age.
treated as one of the family. After a
female slave has worked faithfully for
i while, say seven years, she is nearly
dways freed by the mistress or master
if the household." -V. T. Sun.
An eighty-ton fiat car, the longest
ever constructed iu this country, is
building at the Lehigh Valley at Pack
erton. Pa., for the purpose of hauling a
piece of machinery from New York to
Bethlehem, Pa. It will be three times
as long as the ordinary flat car.
H. F, Snedigar, of Iroquois, D. T.t
has a prairie yacht in which be skims
over the country. It consists simply of
an ordinary road wagon to which sails
reattached, and there is a steering ap
paratus in front,
from IroqnoU '
He recently traveled
Huron, a distance ot
J;" hour and half,
II I Mail by Mliln Krtra"t ot
with Any Ordinary Sirup,
Among the curious invent Ions fm
which a patont has bnon irrn ti I I
one to Joslah Dally, of Madison. Ind .
by wulch any body who likns m;ipl
sugar and maple sirup limy ' renddt
supply himself at a small cos. If the
patentee's statement is correct, ii is im
longer necessary to go t1iruuh t'.ie
to Hons and exhausting labor, of trei
tapping and sirup-boll ing in order to
obtain maple augar. If It should W
found that the patent proeesi will also
eoiivert Into maple sirup a solution of
tha newly-discovered ehnmlent stveni
known ns "saoehailno, Mhlih Is stild
to be three hundred times sweet r
than cane sugar, or the more
recant artificial stiznr f Die
Fischer and Taf.-U than the very aiiio
of transf rmallon will hav i Iwoit
reached, and the Interposition eif Con
gress will be necessary to save Urn
genuine maple sugar industry from
goIn! lo destruction. Too patent
maple sugar Is made by simply mixing
an extract of hickory with an t.r.llnnr,
sirup, such as cane sugar sirup or
aorghum. Tho pnlentoe saysi T he
exiraetls U be obtained In any cm,'- i
venient manner, such as making a de
cnctlon of the hickory bark or wool,
or percolating liquid thrmi rli tlm
same, or drawing off the sap fro-u tho
tree. Tho bark or wood of the hickorv
tree may bo ground to facilitate th
i x'i action of I s principle, and I lie
x ri ot may be mada more or )
strong by Increasing or diminishing
the nuaii tlty of bark or w.hI, r
by boiling the extract f r longer i
shorter time. It pr1 piling sirups I
ordinarily add abmt three tabl spoon
fuls of the decoction to a eitllon of
h -ated or boiling eirti K O' eotir-o
the stronger the extract Ihu lcs die
quantity required for fl a r tiring a given
amount of sirup. Tho sirup may be
manufactured from any kinl of sat-
eh rine matter or mixture f sac
charine matters, or the sirups ordi
n.trily found in Ihe market may b
used. The effect of the extract or dc
e ctioii la to give, to the sirup the
flavor ot the maple, producing a
-irup which can not be distinguished
fitim genuine maple sirup. It Is evi
dent that the flavored sirup nitv b -boiled
down and a sugar reso ubling
mapld suar in tVM may l '
d need. " Hck nt ft i American.
WliT LtwTrri Shsalit. Ha Cuiirll tat
Trat Wltaaaaaa DwraaKjr.
A lawyer who is proficient in ihe art
of badgering a witness seldom lack
client. He is considerwl niart;"
and if, by dint of insolent and - exas
m rating cros-qties'loniiig. hi can
goad a man into such a sta'e of evi e
ment that he contradicts himself, nnd
in Voluntarily com mils porj try, lie
f at is It oked upon a a "great legal
ti'liii.it.li I leettainti nil i ItuM.,! an
abusitecouns..! is coufroated. WMl ,,f '
court, bv an enraged lines, and r .- j
i ! :.i..:i!, ... i... ...... I
Ive to be readily forgo to i. Not long
ago a sonvwhat tint otitis mem
ber of tliii. bar In a S nit hern
city was Iremendo.tsly jtounded hv
a witness In a divorci cuso, nga!usi
nln m. Ill summing up for tin? lefene,
he bad Insinuated nearly all thcniine
enumerated In the dcealogu'. - Tint
libeled ciiix'n, who was a per on of
Irreproachable charac:ei-. met the i ro-
fessioual trad OCT at th'j courl-'iom
door after the conclusion of the day's
i roccteling and lhrahed h m nilhoiii
stint or pllr. Tho 11 tgdlaut was ar
rested a d held to bail for tha nstaittf,
and will doubtless be punished by Ii .
or Iniplsonmont, or both; but lm wn
content, he Said, to endure any p-nal-ly
the law might Inflict for the cujoy
mont of so prime a luxnrr.'
We ht.ve never been ivblo (o sen why
a lawyer should bo permitted to ad
dress a respectable n cmb r of society
Iti the witness box. or to refer to him
after he has left it. In terms as
oj probrious ns if he were a b irglar or
a pit k; ocket. It i. or should Ik', i!k
bullions of a court to pro! let fr mi in
sult perso is who aro summoned b -fore
it often to their own great incon
venience to f irtlmr tho en ?s of
justice; and if such protect iou is no;
extended. WD hold it to bs littoral
right of the oulragtl parties to
chaat'it at the first convenient op
portunity the inaligiiers and sla uler-
cis. L,ei me privileges oi tno I'g.ii
profession be respected; but why
should men who play the ruffian at
(ho bar be exempted from the puni-h-
n.ent wliieh we all delight to so t i i
fl cted upon ruffl tulsm ill tho sire "if
s. r. uajr.
For Medicinal Purposes.
A fanner living out on the Gratiot
road bought a gallon of whisky as ho
was trading the other d:y, nnd while
he was absent from his wagon sunn
one substituted a jug filled with water.
B.iek he came next day, wa.ko.l into
the grocery with the j.ig, nnd setting
it down with a bang he exclaimed:
' Hero's that w hisky ami it's fr m
as s lid as a rotfcf '
Try it an I sec!'
Tho groceryman look a s ick and
jabbed away until ratisfi al th it such
was the case and then said:
"Well, It's queer, and I'll make it
all right That must have c me from
the barrel that lsell for mudicinal pur
pose .Detroit Free Frcss.
Mrs. Bridget Eagan. ot Konaour,
X. C is 105 years old, and she says it
makes her mad to have young folks of
80 or 90 years to come round and tusk
il she ia "foeliag poorly."
Man wants but little here helow.and
it is to be regret' ed that tho same can
not be said of woman.
Mrs. Partington, who is a gseat suf
fcrer from toothache, declares that .e
almost wishes she had been born with
out any teeth. Harper's Batar. .
Only 3.000,000 women In this coun
try have to work for money, and all the
rest of the women get their money for
nothing. What in the world are they
kicking for? T, Commercial-Advertiser.
The eolleeiion of the National
Museum is tc. be enriched with the heid
of a veritable sea serpent The repW.l
was capture in the Gulf of Mexu ,
but on account. "f its immense sue o- u
Man in miu-air.
Prof. Prnrtor 1111. . Kllcht ta M' Pawl
bl. rur tha Naiaaa ramlt.
I believe that athletes such as those
who first obtained mastery over the
problem of the bicycle could very soon
li nni to float, to ascend, to descend,
to ride upward, to soar, and so forth.
In a way w hich would very decisively
Indicate the possibility of a much fuller
mastery over the problem of flight later
on. Experiments which have been al
ready made prove decisively that a
man's weight can be supported by
planes or sails of very moderate ex
tent not ni licit greater proportionally
to his body than an eagle's wings if
only there is either rapid motion of ad
vance or a strong current of air against
their slightly slanted surface. But
these experiments have Hot yet been
so carried on aa to show fully what can
be done when practice In the art of
balancing in tho air and in making the
adjust ments necessary for changing
the direction of flight has been sufii
dently extended. Yet Mr. Charles
Spencer, a teacher of gymnastics in
England, was able, after obtaining no
greater velocity than would be given
by rllnnin ava a tmM int.UrHS to
sustain flight by the supporting action
ot wicker wings for a distance of 120
feet Besnier, Indeed, toward the close
of .tho last century, devised a method
of supporting the body by pinions,
which enabled him, after a sharp run,
to fly across a river of considerable
width. It Is' certain that very little is
to be gained from the attempts which
have been made to direct balloons. The
velocity which can be given to a bal
loon in still air is very snialL Avery
moderate breexe would carry a balloon
one way despite all the mechanical at
tempts to direct it In another, let the
balloon be shaped as It may. More
over, all such attempts are dangerous,
for the wind has a great hold on the
necessarily large surface of a balloon,
and going against the wind would sub
ject the balloon to destructive Influ
ences. Whenever man attacks the
problem of flight, seeking real -advantage
from its mastery, he will aim
at much more than such mere floating
power as the balloon gives at more
even than the rapid .floating motion,
with power of guidance, which may bo
obtained by the experiments suggested
shove. There must also be a newer of
energetic propulsion while still In. the
sir. This might be obtained by suita
ble adjustments of Icjrers to be worked
by a man in actual flight But while I
believe flight to tie possible for man in
this w-ny. I considor the only kind of
flight which is likely to be really use
ful to men to be that of flying machines
propelled, balanced and directed by
some one or other of the natural forces
man has brought under his control.
That man w-ho has learned to traverse
the land more swiftly by mechanical
means than its most actual denizens.
h1 to make the w ide seas his highways
br 'm.Iar devices, should bo unable to
travel in the air. which by natural
selection alone has become the home ot
creatures, descended from reptilian
forms, is to me unthinkable. ItUhard
A. Proctor, in Philadelphia Fret.
China's Army and Navy.
At the close ot the late war between
tho French and the Chinese (the so-
called biaek flags in Tonquin) a paper
ioo Choo, in China proper, said
they must change their military sys
tem. For several thousand years they
had been applying themselves to the
arts of peace and to philosophical
studies, neglecting the art ot war.
That is why the English. French and
other Powers could attack China and
despoil her unpunished. In continued
contact with Christian nations, the
heathen Chinee mut turn another leaf
and preparo to beat off any further en
croachments. Carrying out that pro
gramme, the Chineso Government en
gaged Major Pauli, a Germin officer,
who for some time past has been active
in reforming the military system of the
Celestial Empire. The harbors are be
ing surmounted with forts and gener-
j ally put in a state of defense.
jor has founded at Tientsin a military
school consisting of a preparatory and
a general military department and a
high academy of war. The graduates
of the latter are appointed teachers in
tho lower grades. With a greater num
ber of w ell-trained officers the Chinese
army and navy will, no doubt, be bet
ter able in future to meet European at
tacks Chicago AVm?.
Truth the Great Requisite.
The dismissal of a reporter from the
staff of the Evening Sun for reporting
an interview which never took place
is just what would have occurred in
any respectable newspaper office. It
is impossible for a city editor to be
personally aware of the truth of all
the matter written by his staff. He
depends upon the reporters, and his
confidence is seldom misplaced. When
it is, retribution always follows. It is
not a light task to collect all tho news
of a large city every day and present
it in a readable shape to the' public
The fact that so few errors occur be
speaks the efficiency and reliability of
reporters. A great many people think
it smart to speak of "those horrid.
lying reporters." This is a malicious
libcL Reporters are, as a class, men
of education, experience and veracity.
Four-fifths of the reading matter of
every issue of a paper is the work of
reporters, and the few errors that ap
pear are usually the result of circum
stances that the reporters can not con
trol. The first requirement of every
reputable newspaper is truth. Phila
delphia Aorth American.
-""Come right out and say what you
mean, Mr. Crimsonbeak," said tho
boarding-house mistress; "I dislike to
have any. one 'make any bones of any
thing at my table," "U s quite impos
sible," replied theyonng man, glancing
nt the fowl ju.t brought in. "to make
bones of something that is bones al
ready." Tonl-ert Statesman,
"Papa, what is a confidence manf"
Inquired a bright but somewhat In
quisitive youth of the author of his be
ing, "Confidence men, my son, are
generally bank presidents who have all
the confidence In the world in their
1 cashiers until they abscond with the
1 funds of the- nd then bey are
' ' "Miv.a of '" " "
PAINTING ON GLASS.
IVurli. of Art I lamil br Artlit of
The early windows w ere marked hi
simplicity In design and br.llia'tcy of
color. Ii tho thr tee nth eonlury an
Improvenieiit in design took pine-;, fits
nrcVt c apparently supplying lln 11 -in-
s. if w e may j idge fro ii "l lie woikt
of Wilms de lloueeort, who has let)
rnitu ig his dravlugs scores of siudiet
of llgures, draper! ,-s and proportion."
In thoe days there was less subdivi
sion i f th.t nr. a than is the case now,
ami so "the glass-painter often ein
braced in his work the whole nrt of
his pr -ftjssloii. from the first prepara
tion of the glass o the painting of the
finished wi tdow; at in th cms t of the
Alsailan vgla pal iter, J tat d i Kirk
Ii I in, who ex -cut ! great
works In S rasburg C tlie
ilral, (about A. D. 131) )
whern he is describwl as V.ireator
faHor vltrorunt, glass-pa er. P.ctor."
Iu E:iglan I mm It destruction of works
of arts and if records took placa. O
casionnl'y, however. ih-y wrj i it
fenloiisly preserved, a, for Ins ance.
the records' of N -wst a 1 Abbey,
"which lay for centuries uuns4vetd
in the brass ball of its loe'er.i, now
s andlng in the choir of 8 mi th well
Minster.' M Nil of the glass was f r
eign, es, e. g., tin win lows f r Ri
vaulx Abb". which wore sent from
Franco in 11 it la 1.1)3 t cum
upon the name of an Ki-rl'sh glasi
painter, which 1 preserve I In t'lo his
tory of Eeeter Cathedral, where for
140 foot of painted glass, nnd other
such work, -Walter the G'asier' w is
paid various sum. A few year i after
"Waller of Eve'er," the na ne of
It latrl of York is i-riserve l. aa bar
tug been paitl in 1M at the ra'e of
twtdve pence pr .foot fir hi
paints I glass. He painted I ha
gteal west window of Turk Ca
thedral. Another nariio occurs in
the records of Ktder Cathelral
that of R .Ist-rt Lyen. (A. 1J. 1331 )
Men of bis craft wer held in nigh
estimation in I iruur time. b;lnx ro
ll, vod from hn pools un ler the E np
for C nstantin. Theol-ssin aril
Valenlinian; anl at Vonieethi mas'-
er gl mh rs of Murnno were honorel
by high social iriviligos. admitting
thorn lo Intermarriage with the Vjnt
lian nobility, and It the raik of
nolili .-, w ith their titles inserib altn
their libro dC oro." 1 lie destruction of
painted g'ass was 1 1 nocon'iry grea
er than in Italy, where thisb anrh of
art was little appreciattML Iudc-el.
with walls adorned with mosaic and
freicoes. there is more need of pnra
sunlight than variously-colored light
shining through srlas windows. There
was a school of at-liu Fioroncr, at the.
convent outside tlit Porta a llnti.
wb-re monks established themselves
in 134:1. and where, o itil ihe sigt
In 129. wheu it was entirolr
ruinetl. ibey employed them
-e ves ii the pnic ice of
varioi a nr s, and pre-eminently in
glass painting. "lueir prior pre
pared wiih his own bandi tho ultra
marine for Pietro Pcrugino for tho
fre-coes which he painted on the wai'S
of the convent; and for Michel Angel",
upon his undertaking the fresc tes on
Ihe vaulting ol the bistirse U iaptl In
the Vatican." B fore the end of the
f iiirteen h century this art had a
tainef to eminence in nor. her a and
C ntral Italy, but it rarely penetrated
tho south. Instances are given of
glass painters of S'ena aid Pisa,
among whom two, "about the ye tr
1400. tilled wi.h tlioir painted g ass
the arcade on tlx. two sides of ehe
Campo San'o, for the pi-oerva'Ion of
the frescoes tln-ro from tho action of
a brcex-s B. da Scarnaria and
lie e eta.
a F.oroiitine." Edinburgh
Rude Anchors of Fishermen.
At most of tho fi-hin ' villazos of
Cane Br ton. ihe traveler will l: re-
min led of the lime when iro i was a
so tiewhat rarer commodity than it
no iv is. bv s.-eintr a peculiar kind ol
nnobor. known us a "killick." A
"killick" is a curved cross madt of
two sharpened pieces of wood; into
this cross are fitted four or eijrht stro ig.
flexible saplings, which, b-tweo i them.
inclosed a long and heavy stone;
above the stone the saplings nr bent
Uigellier and firmly lashe.L The whole
makes a very serviceable anc.ior in
a'l but rockv bottom. Then tnero is
what is called a du'ehman." which
ni ty bo d -scribed as half a "killick."
having only two flukes. Itigenl- us
and economical as these devices arc.
ihey recall the stone age, and are, p s-
sib'y. an inheritance from the aborig
inal Iiidian. The name of lulth
m an" speaks for a different origin,
but the implement certainly has aviry
primitire appearance. American Mag.
A 'solitary fjmalo vi..nre hl
dwelt for twe ity-flve vears vi the
Blotseborn. in the upper Va'ai. Swit
zerland, a d escape I co lutlcss at-
teni ts at captura. R cntly, during
sev.-re weather, a p isoned left be
low the c'.iff proved a snccessfal Lait,
and the bird was found d-al. Th
body was stnffj.t and placed in iho
museum at Lausanne. It measured
across the ' wings 83 inches. It is
possible that one or two solitary
specimens still remain, but it is
rpi e certain there is no nest, a id the
spee'es is believed to have di apeareJ
from Swi6s ten-itory.
There is In England a soe-l ty con
di c ed by ladies for the promoting of
loag service miio g servants. V.tln
aM ; pr'x 'S are give a.
The Imcrieon Analyst warns the
pubiic against the use oi the ordinary
toilet soaps aad towel, found at hotels.
It says some soaps are made of the
cheapest and nastiest materials, very
often rank and disgusting but for the
odor with which they are disgeised.
Some of them, it says, act as an irritant
upon the skin, and their application
upon the delicate cuticles of babies and
young children sometimes results in
painful eruptions and running sores.
it ears that the towels used at hotels
. . , . . -
ware not entirely ireeu iro:n -7-
ge'rius byjjuwrihg fftnan'1
advises- arters who tn-". .
Travallas Twaatr Ml la. Hoar Ove
aleajio-Kaill Track. '
I enjoyed this afternoon the privilege .
of a trial trip over a single-rail rail
way. The line, which is ten mile ia
length, runs from Listowel toBallyb'un- .
nluu in the County of Kerry. It baa
been constructed on what is called the "
Lartigue single-rail system. The im
pression which the railway gives to a
spectator is that It Is a very substantial
wire fence. It is abont three feet six
inches in height, the top rail, which
bears all the weight of the train being
about two inches wide. Springing
downwards from this on each side are
two iron supports, forming, as It were,
a capital letter A. or rather an in
verted letter V. These are fastened lo
Iron sleepers at a distance from aeh
other of about twenty inches, the sleep
ers themselves extending about tea
Inches on either side, and being so
formed thai when the road is firm they
become so embedded in the ground
that no other sleepers are required- In
other parts, where the permanent way
is loss solid, wooden sleepers six feel
wide have been laid. Into which the iron
sleepers are fastened with bolts. A
guiding rail passes along each side
of the trestles at a uniform distance
of about two feet These side-rails
bear no weight, but are merely extend
ed to balance the rolling stock, which
it will be perceived is of a very novel
and very peculiar construction. A
spectator looking at tha engines, the "
lenders, the carriages, the wagons
nd the trucks, is struck by the
fact that no wheels are visible, and it is
only upon a, close Inspection of what
may lie called the center of the engines,
carriages, etc, that wheels can be seen
at alL Tba secret is this: The wheel
on which, as already indicated, the en
tire weight of the engine or carriages
hang are in the center, and practically
divide the carriage or engine into
halves. These wheels are necessarily
placed well up in the center of ihe car
riage. Although the single rail upon
which they run is about six inches
above the level of permanent way, the
floor of the carriages proper is only sis
or eight inches above the ground. Per
haps the best Idea of the way the car
riages are attached by the top rails will
lie conveyed by saying that the two
sides of the carriages rest on it, or.
rather, oo the framework above the
center wheels hang over on each side,
like the panniers of a saddle on a
donkey. The side rails serve as guid
ing rails, their other practical purpose
being to balance the carriaye on the'
center rails. The center wheels are
tweuty-two inches in diameter and
three inches in breadth, with a deep
flange at each side, and are placed in
the usual vertical position, whereas the
w heels are placed in horizontally, so
that when in motion their friction is
lateral. The carriage is in reality borne
upon the single lop raiL All the rails,
trestles, etc. are of steel, and as they
form substantially the permanent way
it is estimated that the expense of main
tenance and renewal will be very much
below that of ordinary railways. Lon
THE FRENCH ACADEMY.
II ltory aad Fmrpnmm of tttm WorttTa Stoat!
aKaplaaa.n L tmrmry Bowny.
The French Academy is a society t
club made np of forty of the iwrit gifted
as well as famous of the literary men
of France. It had its origin in
literary coterie which held meetings io
Paris during the time of Louis XIV,
and it was Cardinal Richelieu thai
gave it its unity and purpose. His
object was to have a fixed standard 9!
grammar and rhetoric given to tut
language, believing that this.-would
tend to the unification and peace oi
France. The duties which the great
Cardinal -imposed upon the members ol
the Academy were to purify and fix
the national tongue, to throw light
upon its obscurities, to maintain its
character and principles; and at their
private meetings to k-eep this objeert in
view. Their discussions were to tnrn
on grammar, rhetoric and ioetry; theit
critical observations on tho beauties
and defects of classical French authors,
in order to prepare editions of their
works and to compose a new dictionary
of the French language." The Academy
at present preserves little of its origi
nal character of a mere coterie 0
grammarians, and as for the !.-
tionary, it is, after all these years. n.
yet completed. The original Academy '
was swept away in 193. In 1803
Napoleon partially restored it. but not
under its original name, which, how
ever, was revived with the restoration
of the Bourbons. This association
meets at the Palace Mazarin. Paris. -Its
chief officer is its secretary, who
has a life tenure of his position. He
receives a salary of 12.000 francs, the
society being allowed, by the Govern
ment 85.000 francs a year for the pay
ment of its officers and the care of its
library. 'The Academy is always to
consist of forty members, all vacancies
being filled by the votes of those
already composing the body. To be
long to it is regarded as a high honor,
the members being spoken of as "tha
forty im mortals. v Ambitions authors.
therefore, employ much social diplo
macy to secure the favor of members,
and no doubt the choice of new '
academicians is often made on the
basis of personal admiration or com
munity of sentiment, rather than of
pure .merit. But for all this, no other
mode of selection could protlably be
devised that would enable the body to
sustain, decade after decade, the same -character,
purpose and standards.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
" Daniel. Once More. Teacher (at
the Mission Sunday-school) "Yes
children. Daniel was east into a dea of
lions, but not one of them dared touch
him. How strange " Pupil (scorn
fully) "Aw, dat'a nuthiu. I seen a
duck do that act in der cirkis las
rear." 7V- Kits.
in order to secure a case against a
dentist who was using contraband
matches, the detective of at French
match company went t 'offender
and had a tooth t?Ti- ,'a.kiiiir
, t flilt A eltTM.1". -
; - .