The Santiam news. (Scio, Linn County, Or.) 1897-1917, February 25, 1898, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

The far west “inexhaustible fertil­
ity’/ farmer sends ten pounds of
nitrogen up jn smoke in burning a
KO Y B. GILL & ALBEBT COLE, ton of straw, while his eastern
brother “jyorn out” farmers spends
$1.50 for the same quantity of the
gció, L.ÏNN CO., OREGON.
same element in a cqtnmercial fer­
z$he ÿd/ntigim <^Cews.
Per annum, Invariably in advance.........|1 50
3ix months,
Per annum if not p^id in q,dvanqe, .......... 2 00
When a hog has kidney worms he
will begin to get weak in the back;
Advertising rates at fair, living rates,to pe the hind part will wobble as theani.
paid monthly.
rnal trjes to walk. As the disease
Transient advertisements must be paid for progresses the hind legs will give
When the order is given for their insertion.
way and at last the animal will not
be able to stand on its hind feet at
ajl, but can only move by dragging
St. Louis Republic.
them along on the gronnd. If let
Death came out of the black night’s alone the sihimal will linger along
for a Jong time before death will re­
And- steered for a battlership,s lieve its sufferings:
If taken in time turpentine will
cure. But a small quantity
But never a man of the sailor clan
on the small of the back over the
Looked on the Deathman’s ride.
kidneys, and repeat for several days
The «Kansan lad and the Hampshire or nntj| the gnitpal is cured. Give
a tablespoonful in milk once a day
And the boy from Tennessee,
until cured.
With never a fear that death was
Swung into eternity.
and liberally supplied. Almost un­
consciously other dairymen in the
neighborhood have adopted the same
plan, and are daily proving its val­
If we were able we would pay for
and send to every dairy farmer in
this community a good farm paper.
Come into this office and borrow cur
There ape improve­
ments going on all the time lnstock-
and dairy4arm|ng that a farmer
ought to know* Thaj; other men
are making money on farms we
knpw, and reading what they write
will dp no harm and mjght be of
benefit to some.
Some dairymen wet the hay with
hot water and let it stand from ten
to twelve hours before feeding, and
claim that it pays them to do it.
One writer says he scalds his hay
and finds that his cows relish it and
eat more, and the flow of milk is in­
A number of experienced poultry­
creased materially.
men say that one of the best feeds
fpr young chicks is hard-boiled eggs,
When we' consider that it has mixed with bread crumbs, using
been repeatedly proved that the feed this feed the first three or four days,
that will make a pound of dressed The eggs are boiled hard and
beef will make a pound of butter mashed fine, shell and all, and
when fed to a true dairy cow and mixed with the bread crumbs.
when we further consider that the Other breeders do not favor this
price of the butter is from three to feed, but the merit of it may depend
five times that ot the beef, we can on the quantity given to chicks. It
see how smart it would be for a makes an extremely -rich diet, and
dairyman to breed cows, feed cows, it would be very easy to overfeed.
wait on cows, be to all this dairy ex­ This being avoided, it would proba­
pense for beef in place of butter.— bly be an excellent food-^Texas
Hoard’s Dairyman,
Stock and Farm Journal.
Nor flag, nor shot, nor battle cry,
Nor strain of. the nation’s air,
Broke into the gloom of the sailor’s
I doom,
N ot yet a priestly prayer.
There looks a face from far-away
With eye bent on the sea,
For the Hampshire Jack who’ll not
come back,
Or the lad from Tennessee.
Not theirs was the glory of battle;
No victory crowned the day,
But a nation weeps, that the dark
•sea keeps
per dead beneath the bay.
A Column Devoted To The
Interests of Farmers.
While it is generally admitted
that the Barred Plymouth Rock is
about as good a general purpose fowl
as can be had, and especially so
when raised the carcass for the
market, it is but fair to say that in
the matter of egg production as for­
agers a cross with the famous Leg­
horn would give better results. At
Edgewood (N. J.) a cross of Golden
Wyandottes on Brown Leghorns
brought out a breed that has been
most satisfactory. The pullets are
strongly marked with the main
characteristic of ihe male, Wyan­
dotte and "have retained all of the
egg producing powers of the Leg­
horn and none of her lightness or
smallness of frame; The cross seems
to be a good one and will be kept
for several-seasons of trial when the
reverse cross will probably be made
—using a Brown Leghorn cockerel
with the crossed pullet—to more
strongly, if possible strengthen the
egg producing powers of coming
It is a pretty good rule that the
sooner a pig can be brought to 200
pounds and the sooner he can be
gotten to market after reaching this
weight, the greater will be the per
cent of profit in feeding him. Aside
from the risk etc., it has been
shown that the gain above 200
pounds costs more, and that even
with pork bringing good prices,
there is often an actual loss in feed­
ing above 250 pounds.
The expense of supports for peas
is a detriment to their cultivation,
and for that reason many prefer the
dwarf varieties, which, though
early, are not as prolific as tfie taller
growing kinds. It has been sug­
gested that 3-inch mesh of Woven
wire be used in the rows for peas,
having the rows run north and
south, planting early peas on the
east side and later kinds on the west.
When the peas are removed set out
large pot-grown tomatoplants. The
wire should last for several years.
When young men tell you they
never read experiment station bul­
letins, that they take no stock what­
ever in the farm institutes, and at
the same time, they are about to be
sold under mortage on a farm their
old father gave them free of debt,
there is something wrong in the
brain machinery of those men and
no mistake.—Hoard’s Dairyman.
Oregon horses are being shipped
out in all directions. One car load
left Portland for Vermont last week,
one for Manatoba,Canada and several
boat loads for Alaska.
most desirable hams anfi the most
savory bacon. A pig that can be
made to weigh J 50 to 200 pounds in
seven months will yield more profit
than a 300 pound hog a year old.
The shorter lives the less danger of
their loss by disease. Some experi­
ments have shown thaf pp to 150
pounds less than five and one-half
pounds of food,- on the average,
made a pound of pork, while with
500 pound hogs it took eight pounds
to make the same weight. It has
been proved that up to fifty pounds
at a given price for grain, the pork
costs three cents a pound, but that
at 175 to 200 pounds each pound add­
ed costs nearly six cents. Of course,
the price of food must have been
much higher than here, but the
principle involved is the same for us
as for them.
In finishing fiogs their heallh
must be constantly looked after.
They must have clear feeding plat­
forms and pure water. The ration
must be so balanced, as to supply,
muscle fat. An exclusive corn ra­
tion will not make the highest pric­
ed pork. The Canadian farmer bal­
ances his starch corn with nitrogen­
ous peas or beans. Alfalfa is a good
food. So is skim milk When made
into a mush with ground grain.
Fed as a drink itls not well digest­
ed. The good farmers no longer
keep their swine in filth, but give
them dry quarters, clean food and
pure water,- keep charcoal where
they can run to it, crowd them from
the day of their birth, ki|l young
and make monpy.—Rural Spirit.
We are N ot “Closing.out at Cost”, nor purpose selling at C ost at all, because it
takes money and P rofit to keep a business going. But beginning with tomorrow
and lasting until further notice we will sell goods at unprecedented low prices.
Whenever the grass seeding fails,
Ffankly we do this in order to get hold of a little money to pay our debts, and at the blame is usually laid upon the
the same time reduce our stock, which is too large for this time of the year, and there­ weather. J3ut that is not always
correct, even in part. Grass belongs
by make room for spring'goods. The following prices will show you that-we are’not to the same botanical family as
talking through our hats.
wheat, only the grain has had a
development of its seed.
$2 50. Leather boots, mens
All farmers understand that the
$3 50 & $3.- Fine shoes, ladies
wheat crop needs phosphate to be
$1 50 He,avy shoes, ladies
" - *
grown successfully year after year,
on the same land. To be sure, the
Childrens shoes proportionately low.
soil is cultivated, and these is a new
We have a few children’s mackintoshes at
1 35
seeding with some manure .,each
A big line of shirtings, outings and satteens at low prices.
year, for the grain crop, Yet farm­
ers think that grass, without reseed­
Brown-muslins 20 and 25 yards for . , »
1 00
ing, and without new supplies of
Good dark calico 25
mineral matter, will continue to
grow. The result is that the grass’
We have one of the biggest stock of dress goods . in the country and
gradually dies out and is replaced
will sell everything at C ut prices.
by mosses or other weeds of low or­
40 cents per yard
52 inch lady cloth, the very best
• »
ganization that can live without
mineral plant food. Not only is the
32 ”
Tricot, all.wonLand.excellent value
of grass lessened, but its
Nice half wool goods
? .
. 15
,quality is also jmpair«d by lack of
Flannels of all colors,
the best on earth
the mineral. On land that has long
been without phosphate, cattle will
Our prices on Clothing nobody can beat.
“ out 01
Is I
3 50 per pair
Long-leg Snag Proof boots,-good as ever sold • -
Long-leg common
3 00
2 50
Short-leg Snag Proof ” good as ever sold
2 00
Short-leg common
Ladies first grade over-shoes
And lastly have you heard how our prices on coffee rqake our poor
compeds. turn pale?----- Read:
Arbuckles & Lyons 10 cents a package, 10 packages for
1 00
Good broken roast, 20 pounds for
1 00
(Our compedsask 11 cents per pound for the above.)
1 00
14 pounds Green Rio for
4 cents per bap
Baby Elephant Soap
All kind of poultry is High.
$3 50 dozen
Large fat old hens,
Good last years chickens from
$2 50 to 3 00
Good geese 7i cents per pound or
7 50
Dried aples, sun dried 5.cents, machine dried 6 & Qi cents per pound.
Eggs *
< '
17 cents per dozen,
Ross E*. Hibler, Scio.
Like many other things it is easi­
er to prevent than to cure, and one
means of prevention is to keep a
supply of salt and wood ashes in a
box in a place where they can help
themselves. This will not only get
rid of the worms but help material­
ly to keep the hogs healthy,—Exch,
The Atlanta, Ga., Journal tells the
following story, incident to that lo­
cality, which illustrates the value of
the care of good CdW'3, “way down
south:” A successful dairyman has
in his employ a Swede, whose love
for cattle is rather unusual, and the
care he gives the cows is almost
amusing, but it has proved profita­
ble. for the herd has a better butter
record than any other for miles
around. The Swede makes it his
daily business during the winter to
brush and curry the cows as he does
the horses; the food is carefully pre­
pared, and regularly given in proper
quantities, an occasional dainty, not
part of the regular ration, being in­
cluded. The water is tempered in
cold weather, the barn Is free from
draughts, and the bedding is clean
When a farmer through ignorance
or laziness tries to make his cows
believe that.straw for feed and a
board fence for shelter is as good as
the best of care, he will come out in
the spring declaring that cattle in
general and milk cows in particular
are a failure. It requires care and
feed to make a milch cow profitable.
Dairy authorities claim that a cow
which does not yield 4,000 pounds
of milk in a year is not worth keep­
ing. Perhaps some milkmen in this
country can guess what is the mat­
ter with their cows. The remedy is
this: improve the stock by breeding
from a good dairy sire. Two-year
old heifers of likely build and good
lineage are worth $60 cash in dairy
counties in Eastern states. Stait
out to buy a good cow in this county
and you will soon find that good
cows are worth good money and
considerable of it.
The verdict of dairymen in re­
gard to the silo is that they can
keep one • third more stock and
make more butter from the cows
than without one.
It is said that when the milk from
cows long in milk fails to churn eas­
ily, that by thoroughly beating the
milk on the stove there will be no
trouble in bringing the butter.
It is comi ng to be the general opin­
ion in Eastern states that the only
way to make, money by raising any
kind of live stock is to keep it grow­
ing from its birth and turn it off ear­
ly. In the case of hogs it is prefer­
red not to let them pass a single
winter. While the Eastern condi­
tions are sodifferent. that weassume
that what is the bost practice there
will not be f und the best here, yet
we would do well to understand the
Eastern idea. There the packers
now demand lean hogs, for the rea­
son that their customers want them ,
their change of taste growing out of
the changed condition of modern
life, under which men expose
themselves less, have fess need for
fatty foods, which in fact, they
obtain far more than formerly from
vegetable oils.
They are also becoming more fas­
tidious In their taste and have dis­
covered that young hogs make the
FEBRUARY 25, 1898.
not thrive, and cows which give
/ milk will take to the eating of old
I bones to secure the mineral nutri­
tion they require. People who have
learned that ground bone is good to
make hens lay are apt to forget that
the more bulky.cow has an equally
wonderful operation to perform.
That is to take from her grass feed
the nutrition required to make
mjlk, which is less concentrated
tljan the egg, but contains very
nearly the same kind of nutrition.
When we began using mineral man­
ures on grain we found that thè sec­
ond and third crops of grass seeded
with the grain did not pan out as
they used to do. It is far better to
apply the phosphate with the grain.
The grass seeded with it will get the
effects of the mineral fertilizing for
at least two years thereafter.—Am.
Prof. Bailey, of New York, in a
lecture before the Wisconsin. State
Horticultural Society the 2d inst.,
affirmed and established the follow­
ing principles regard to root and top
pruning of fruit trees.
.To stimulate top growth retards
fruiting; cutting off branches stimu­
lates top growth; To retard top
growth hastens fruiting. Pruning
the roots retardstop growth. There­
fore, top pruning retards fruiting;
root pruning hastens it.
A bearing tree should not be
greatly disturbed._ If a tree refuses
to bear change your treatment of it.
Winter pruning is proper in the
east, but if practiced iii the north­
west the wounds should be painted.
Never prune severely at one time,
but a little every year as needed.
John Cruze, of Lee County, Io.,
writes to the Rural World as fol­
lows: '
- “Have just had some interesting
experience with mange or scab on
pigs. Lost fourteen out of thirty-
six, from doping them with every­
thing I heard or read about. Was
in despair, until common sense came
to my aid. I figured it out (hat it
was a parasite under the skin, and
to cure the pig the parasite must be
destroyed. (So I mixed up some'
turpentine and coal pil, half ¿nd
half, and added quite a bit of sul»
phur. Then, while the pigs were
at the trough, I squirted the mix­
ture all over them, from nose to.
tail, by means'of a machine oil can.'
Have not lost a pig since, and have’
not been obliged to repeat the dose.”
Why don’t you patronize
the School Library at Peery
& Peery’s? It contains the
boohs of our best authors.
Reading for short or long
periods at very low r^tes.
Call and examine it.
Jto Shaving ■ Jatto;
On and after January 1 1898/the
old prices will be resumed, towit:
Haircutting, 25c; Shaving, 15c;
Shampooing, 25c; Seafoam, 15c;
25c; 6 Batht’ks. $1
Shaving by the month, (cash in ad­
vance) two baths included,
1 50
H. L. Sumner, Prop.
The Weekly Oregonian, Per year $2 00
2 20
San Francisco Examiner,
Hoards Dairyman,
Orange Judd Farmer,
Thrice-a-week World,
2 00
Farm, Field and Fireside,