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About The Springfield news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1916-2006 | View This Issue
TI1E SPRINGFIELD NEWS
HENS NEED CARE
IN COLD MONTHS
Precautions Which Guard Health
of Fowls and Increase Pro
VENTILATION IS ESSENTIAL
Chickens Can Stand Much Cold Air
Provided It I Dry 8cratch
Grains Compal Hana to TaKa
Neceeeary Exerclee. J
(Prepared by (ha United Btatea Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
If good results are to be obtained
from tho flock In winter t he bo imp a,
which should have been Jut In good
condition ot the beginning of the win
tor, imiKt be kept clean ami well ven
tllatfct. and the troier kind of feed
Guard Agalnat Draft.
Drafts Nhould be avoided In the ben
house, poultry eclaliHte of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture any. If bena are placed In a
draft In winter, cold will develop,
which may result In roup or other all
mem a. The south aide, or front, of
the poultry house inny be left com
paratively open, but should be under
control, ao the opcnlnga mny be cloned
gradually aa cold weather appnmehes.
Ilnve intiMlIn curtulna at the front
openings of the tiouae. One window
should be left partly open In each pen,
nil on the coldest night, to permit
ventilation. Fowla can atand consid
erable cold air provided It la dry.
Feed the grain In a deep litter on
the floor In the winter to compel the
"hens 10 exercise for nil of their grain.
The moult mny bo fed either wet or
dry and nhould bo ao regulated that
the fowl will get about equal part a
of maHh and aerated grain. It la nee
eisinry to give the fowl plenty to eat
to obtain good rcHult. hut the bird
should be eager for each feed. In cold
weather feed about one-fourth of the
Tna nan la One Pat That Brlnga In
Dollara and Cente.
acratch grains In the morning and
three-fourths at night.
A good acrutch mixture may be
mnde of three pnrta by weight of
cracked corn, one part wheat and two
part onta; and a maidi may be mnde
of two pnrta comment and one part
each of wheat bran, wheat mlddllnga
utid beef acrnp. Green feed, audi aa
cabbagea, mnngel wurzel beets, cut al
falfa or sprouted ont. should be pro
vided to replace the green feed which
the fowls have been obtaining In the
field; and beef scrap, skim milk, cut
green bona or almllnr feed la needed
to replace the Insect a which the fowls
have been getting on the range. Reef
scrap or feed of this nature Is essen
tial In obtaining a good supply of eggs
during tho winter months.
MAKE WOODLAND PROFITABLE
Plan to Hav ' Permanently Produc
tive by Protecting It From Fire
Make your woodland permanently
profitable by protecting It from Are
and from overgrazing; select for cut
ting only tho mature, defective, over
crowded and Inferior kinds of trees,
leaving tho straight, thrifty and better
kinds to grow for a future crop.
INSECT DOES SMALL DAMAGE
Leaf-Roller Hae Attracted Attention
on Account of Ite Attack on
A minute, green caterpillar, called
the red-banded lenf-rnller, has attract
ed attention through Its attack on
vegetable crops, particularly beans,
sweet potatoes, asparagus and corn,
as well aa strawberries and other
plants. The extent of the damage,
however, which has been Investigated
by entomologists of the United States
t 1 . :i
IS QUITE IMPORTANT
Factors to Be Considered In
Basket, Crate or Carton Should Be
Suited Especially to Produce to
Be Marketed Daalraa of Cue
tome re Muat Be Met.
(Prepared by tha United Rtatee Depart
mant of Agriculture.) i
One Important requirement for mar
keting farm produce from producer
direct to consumer Is a proper and
antlafuclory shipping container, aay
marketing specialists of the United
Mate department of Agriculture. A
container ahoutd be suited especially
to the produce to be shipped and
should be selected only after consid
ering such factor as durability, slae,
apiiearanco and coat.
Durability. Much dissatisfaction
with direct marketing has been caused
by using containers which were not
ajHBJMBBWeaaav tt f
Satlafactory Baaket for Potatoes.
suftlctentty strong. This Is especially
true when containers are used more
thnn once. Shipping containers should
be light In weight but sufficiently dur
able to carry the produce.
8lie. The else of a container de
pends upon the desires of the custom
ers. Jlost persons wish lo obtain small
quantities of each product, at a time.
Containers should he Just larpe enough
for the produce shipped. If the carton
Is too large or too small, both the
produce and the container are likely
to be damaged, for tho produce will
not bo kept In place and the container
will be crushed. The larger the quan
tity of produce shipped In one parcel
the lower will be the cost per pound
for transportation nnd tho lower the
container cost per pound.
Appearance. A container should
present an attractive appearance, both
on orrlval and when opened, and
should show the produce to advantage.
Of course, new containers are more
attractive thnn those which have
been used; nnd only those second
hand containers which are clean
should be used agnln.
Cost The cost of containers puts a
distinct limitation on small shipments
of farm produce. A shipment must
have considerable value In order that
the transportation charges and cost of
container may not equal a large per
centage of the price. The price which
can be reasonably paid for a container
will depend on the value of the con
tents, the cost of transportation, nnd
the price received for the produce as
compared with the price that could
be received locally. A maximum price
that should be paid cannot be stated,
as each case must be decided by study
ing nil of the factors Involved.
Garden and Fruit Needed.
No farm Is yielding the greatest re
turn without some gnrden and fruit.
Department of Agriculture Is not
largo, seldom being sufficient to war
rant artificial control measures.
This caterpillar rolls a leaf shelter,
the Interior of which Is rather difficult
to reach with Insecticides. Ordinarily,
the rolled leaves can be clipped and
burned, aa they are easily detected.
Arsenate of lead, two or three pounds
to N) gallons of water, la recommend
ed as a foliage spray when the leaf
roller becomes abundant.
HIGH VALUE OF RED CLOVER
On Many Farma Crop Has a Place
Becauao of Ita Adaptability to
Undoubtedly much land formerly In
red clover Is now growing alfalfa 5 but
on many farms red clover has a place
and Is more valuable thun alfalfa be
cause qj Its adaptability to short rota
In growing tomatoes they should not
be planted In soil containing disease
saving Tin: si:i:dlinu
OUT8IDR above the ground It was
beginning to be warm and sunny,
but under the earth, where lived Mr.
Mote, It was still chilly and dark.
Old Mr. Earthworm was Just be
ginning to stretch herself, for she was
hungry, but thinking that It must be
rather enrly for tho young Seedlings
to be In condition for her to enjoy she
turned over to take another nap.
Hut the Seedlings were nearer ready
thnn Mrs. Earthworm thought al
ready their little legs and arms were
reaching out and above to get to the
light nnd old Mr. Hoot, who bad
weathered mnny a summer and win
ter, was warning them to be careful.
"The first thing you know you
nwake your enemy, Mrs. Earthworm,"
ho told them ; "keep quiet end do not
kick out with your little fibers or she
will be upon you with her whole fam
ily ond you never will see the light."
lint the Seedlings were young; this
was their first season and they did
not know Mrs. Earthworm, nor did
they fear anything, for, of course,
they did not know as much as old Mr.'
Hoot, so they paid no attention to his
If Mrs. Earthworm hud not made
her bed so close to that of the Seed
llugi It might not have happened, but
ahe did, and by and by the Seedlings
got bo squirmy and reached out so
far with their little fiber lega and
arms that they tickled Mrs. Earth
worm, and over she flopped.
"What was that?" she said, wig
gling and stretching herself. "Well,
If I haven't overslept; here It Is time
I was up and eating; come, come,"
she called to her family; "get up, the
Seedlings are almost ready to go out
nnd there you are all sleeping."
In a few minutes all of Mrs. Earth
worm's family were nipping the legs
and arms of the young Seedlings who
now were really frightened and call
ing for help.
Old Mr. Itoot could not help them;
there was only one who could and
that was Mr. Mole and Mr. Root knew
where he lived; It was not far from
his borne, and he managed to send
"What's in a Name?'
By MILDRED MARSHALL
Ftcti about your name; lit hUtorvi mean
ing whence It was derived: significance!
youi lucky day and lucky Jewel.
ONE of the quaintest and most
whimsical of origins Is that from
which Dorothy, sprang. Theos and
Zeus, father of the gods, were Identical
terms In ancient Greece, from Theos
came many masculine names and one
feminine, Theodora, which signified
"gift of Ood" or "living gift." Curiousi
enough, the reversal of the name or
Dorothea was speedily accomplished
and, though absolutely Incorrect,
gained more prevalence In the Westerti
world than Theodora has ever
The beautiful legend of St. Dorothea
helped to give her name widespread
fame. It Is the story of the Cappado
clan maiden who sent the roses of Par
adise by angelic hands as testimony of
the Joy she was reaping. Dorothea be
came a patron saint In Germany and
England sttutghtway adopted her name
because of Massinger's powerful dra
ma. Dorothy was the next step In her
evolution and Dolly became a popular
diminutive. Indeed, so common was It
In usage that it became the generic
term for wooden children or puppets In
the time of Elizabeth Stuart, and hence
our own "dolly," or doll, beloved of
the small girl.
Dorothy became a Puritan name at
the height of the reign of the house of
Hanover, and was used by Mrs. Doro
thy Cromwell and other Roundhead
daughters. France called her Doro
thee, . while Germany preferred the
original Dorothea, and Italy omitted
the aspirate and made her Dorotea.
England and America favor Dorothy,
with Its fluffy diminutive Dolly. Rus
iIa, by some mysterious translation,
claiming that the patroness of DarlJ
was an Athenian ludy martyred with
u wireless message telling him
of (be poor Seedlings' troubles.
Mr. Mole Jumped out of bed and
ran through bis tunnel, for he bad
known about the family of Mrs. Earth
worm and Intended to get them as
soon as they awoke; but he, too, bad
overslept that morning.
In a few minutes he was on the
scene and not many of the Earth
worms escoped, for Mr. Mole Is quick
and sure and very fond of Earth
worms. When the last of their enemies had
disappeared the Seedlings thanked Mr.
Mole and told him that they never
would have had a chance to see the
light if be had not come to their :es
cuc. "That Is all right." replied Mr. Mole;
"It was no trouble at all, and any
time you see one of those fellows Just
call on me."
"How did you' know where to flqd
him?" the Seedlings asked Mr. Boot,
for they knew be had sent the mes
snge that brought help to them.
Oh I I know all about bis habits
and he makes his fortress near me.
so all I hod to do was to send him
word ho was wanted," said Mr. Hoot;
"you take my advice and don't let
your legs and arms reach out so far;
you are sure to tickle one of that
Earthworm family and you aee wbat
happens when you do."
HOW DO YOU SAY IT?
By C N. LURIE
Common Errors in English and
How to Avoid Them
'AGGRAVATED' AND 'PROVOKED'.
(T WAS so aggravated that I almost
A became III," said a woman to
whom something vexatious bad hap
pened. She was guilty of an error of
speech which Is quite common, and
which Is condemned by all authorities
on English. The word "aggravate" Is
derived from a Latin word meaning
"to Increase in weight," and In English
usage should be employed only to mean
"to Increase In gravity or severity, to
become worse." Therefore, It Is cor
rect to say that a disease or a misfor
tune may be aggravated, but not the
person who has the disease or Is sub
ject to the misfortune.
Hut this is drifting somewhat from
our subject. It is to be borne In mind
that "aggravoted" does not mean and
should never be used In the sense of
"angry," "vexed," "exasperated," "Irri
tated," etc. In the sentence with which
thla article began any of- these four
words, or a word of similar meaning,
should be substituted for "aggravated."
her husband Chrysanthus at Rome
and burled In a catacomb which was
opened In the reign of Constantlne the
Great The modern Greek rendition of
the name is Thorothea.
Dorothy's tallsmanlc gem Is the dia
mond. It Is said to afford her protec
tion from evil and bring her great hap
piness. As the old legend goes :
"The Evil Eye shall have no power to
II Ira that shall wear a diamond as a
Saturday Is tjer lucky day and 2 her
lucky number, while the flower as
signed to ber Is the daisy, signifying
yd -- 1
Of all the kiddies who are playing
before the camera little ten-year-old
Mae Glracl le believed to be one of
the moat fortunate, for thla aereen lacs
Is "doubling" for Prlecllla Dean In a
characterization that shows Miss Dean
aa ehe looked at the ago of ten. Lit
tle Mae atarted work in the "movies"
at the age of six. She wae born In
Loe Angelee and is of Italian parent
age. IXTrJLL, 1 been deesa place tonga
VY time now and 1 gotta plenta
deesgust for lasta me twenty-fiva
year. For longa time I wanta see
deesa Washtown, United S. A, but
now I no wanta see any more. So I
feegure I leava town nexa week and
no come back.
Rut I wanta tella you somatlng. Een
deesa place ees too moocha job and
no moocha work. Everybody gotta
poslsh but no amblsh. I meeta plenta
people and aska where he work. Mosta
da bunch tella me he worka for Uncle
Sam. And only ting gotta do here for
holda some da job ees seet down and
walta for da payday.
Uncle Sam gotta greata beega fam
ily but he gotta wronga Idee. One my
frlen gotta beega family, too. But
when some bees keed getta beeg be
go out and maka da leeving.
But Uncle Sam gotta plenta teed
wot seem Ilka never getta beeg. Da
Uncle he gotta keepa dat bunch so
longa be leeve. Eef ho no maka some
go to work preety queeck mebbe he
ees broke before ees olda man.
You know wot's matter here ees too
moocha seet down and no moocha
work. Eef deesa bunch could maka
da egg every time be lay round lika
de cheecken we could buy da eggs
feefateen cents a dozen.
And eef all da sweevel chair een
dees town gotta broke saraa time
Uncle Sam losa da wbola family.
Wot you tlnk?
Compaaa at South Pole.
At the South magnetic pole, which
Is a long way from the geographical
South pole, a compass needle sus
pended bo as to swing In a vertical
plane, dips until It reaches a vertical
position with the south end downward.
An ordinary compass needle suspended
so as to swing horizontally only be
comes sluggish near the poles, the
magnetic force of the earth tending
to pull one end of the needle down, In
stead of making the needle swing.
A LINE 0' CHEER
By John Kendrick Banks.
IF ALL tha world were veld ot
1'4 atlll be full ot gratitude for
Tha loving eye. tha amlllng- 1 1 pa.
Tha touch of tender flnger-tlpa.
Tha aacrlflce of aelf that we
Tha Bona ot Earth may stronger ba.
Tha conatant care, the constant
For helplesanesa In trial caught
While Motherhood remalna the ring
Of Joy eMail thrill tha aonga I eing