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About The Springfield news. (Springfield, Lane County, Or.) 1916-2006 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1918)
THE SPRINGFIELD NEWS
THURSDAY, NOV. 7, 1018
FatmeTy Stockman and Dairyman
Advantages of a Silo
Tho use of a Bllo has mnny ndvan
taRC8 to farmers encased in dairying
SeedWn havo many opportunities
to lncludo educational matter rcRard.
ing bettor rhnuing methods . through
tho medium of publicity matter Issued
by them and sent to farmers or by
giving Buch matter to their local now
jiapors. to bo used as novrs matter.
For tho benefit of seedsmen who
dcslro to use publicity matter of this
nature, tho following ten advantages
of a silo arc given:
1. Tho silo provides a means of sav
ing a largo percentage of tho nutri
ents In tho corn crop, especially In
caso of drought, early frost, or failure
to mature, s,
2. Tho silo conserves tho nutrients
of the entire corn plant In a palatable
3. Sllago Is succulent and provides
conditions In winter similar to sum
4. Tho silo Insures a saving of time
and labor In winter feeding. Tho
tanner does not havo to wade through
snow or mud to haul feed from tho
fields In stormy weather.
5. Sllago furnishes a uniform quality
of feed and puts bloom and good coats
cm livestock in winter.
6. More Jeed can be stored in tho
form of silage than In the form of fod
der or hay.
7. Acre for acre, sllago Is more effi
cient as a feed than fodder.
" 8. Sllago can bo used profitably as
& supplement to pastures In summer.
9. Silage properly mado is a good
feed for horses, cattle, and sheep. It
Increases the flow of milk in winter
When prices are highest, thus lowering
the cost of production and increasing
10. Silage reduces the cost of beef
production, is economical for main
taining breeding animals and keeps
young stock thrifty and growing all
Standards to Be Fixed
A public hearing to consider the ad
Tisability of adopting definitions and
standards for corn meal and corn
flour will be held by the Joint commit
tee on Definitions and Standards on
December 3 at the Bureau of Chem
istry, United States Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
All persons interested are invited to
attend and present pertinent facts.
Those who desire may present their
Views in writing on or before the date
of the hearing to the secretary of the
committee, Burean of Chemistry,
Washington, D. C.
Soils Need Lime
There is such a great variation In
the degree of acidity In soils that it
is evident no specific amount of lime
can be recommended. Each field
should receive Its own test and the
ground limestone be applied accord
ingly. The average need is from one
and a half to three tons an acre. This
need is affected somewhat by the state
Of fertility of the soil.
There is no better time to apply
limestone than before planting wheat,
spreading it on the plowed land and
harrowing or disking it in. This is
particularly true where land Is to be
sown to clover in the spring or alfalfa
is to bo seeded a year from now, "inas
much as it gives' Mirtlclent tlmo for tho
llmo to bring about tho favornblo
choinical and physical conditions In
Tho prico usually paid for ground
llnicstouo varies from $1 to $1.50 at
tho crusher. Tho cost of shipping,
hauling and spreading will amount to
about $1.50 a tun, making tho total
cost about $3 a ton. Based on pres
ent prices, a ton of llmestono will re
turn ?S In Increased crop yield If ap
plied to the averago Oregon soli lack
ing tho constituent, Tho llmestono
should bo ground flno enough to pass
through a ton-mesh sieve. If coarser
material Is used, larger amounts will
bo required. ,
Tho correction of Boll acidity is ab
solutely necessary for tho growth of
such crops as clover and alfalfa, but
tho fact that it will also greatly bene
fit tho ataplo grain crops Is being fast
recognized. Clover and alfalfa, how
over, will surely fall on sour soil and
since these crops, particularly clover,
bear such an Important relation to
Joil enrichment, tho question of 11m
'ing is of greatest importance Tho
value of clover as. a soil improver may
be Judged from the fact that two tons
of clover returned to tho land in
creases tho nitrogen supply of, tho soil
SO pounds, valued at $32 It bought at
Aside from tho Importance of llmo
In the soil to correct acidity, there are
other benefits. It improves the tex
ture and drainage of a soil, hastens
the decomposition of organic matter
in tho soil thereby rendering the inert
nitrogen more available to plants, and
assists in setting free the phosphorus
and potassium in soil minerals.
Pasturing on Meadows
It Is a common practice on farms
whore timothy is grown to allow live
stock to graze on the meadows dur
ing the late summer and early fall.
It there is a comparatively large
growth of aftermath timothy, mead
ows may be used for pasture without
serious injury, says the United States
Department of Agriculture, provided
the grass is not grazed very closely
at any time and 'the animal3 are kept
off the meadows when the soil is wet
Meadows arc less irequentiy pas
tured during the spring months. It
is tho opinion of most timothy grow
ers that grazing the meadows at this
time injures tho crop to such an ex
en t that the practice Is not profitable.
In many sections where timothy Is
grown, especially where dairying is
an important industry, it is quite com
mon to use the mead ws for tho pro
duction of hay for one or two seasons
then to pasture it for one or more en
Ire seasons before plowing the land
or other crops.
Campaign Against Grain Smut
A staff of forty fierS men of the
United States Department of Agricul
ure, under tho direction of eight lead
ers, is conducting a campaign for the
control of smuts and other preventable
cereal diseases in the northern and
western slates. The field men work
'in conjunction with State agencies,
county agents, and other farm advis
ers In conducting seed treatment dem-
j ' )
' PJjfr Tj ke hcme. Easy to p3pp''
i j pFrllff' I8P"P Lights at the touch of a ttr
ft'i fjfey&tku PwLiWKj match. Gives long w
f ' wwijlj lit"!! hours of cozy, comfort-
. jtt mmwlJaxub SmI b'c warmth on "one j
mf&r'Siffl a fi,,in with Pearl 0il '
WM S Z $ ilt Jfl tho ever-obtainable fuel.
' JxK?..J 'LuS-l. EOSm0C jrodor '
fllrtWlBBdf , 1 Hettar today. Dcttett
ggggggJgggggggOlhj Standard Ott Co. grgTHBjfl
onstrnttons before farmers' organtia
Mens, movable 'schools, county and
township high schools, nnd city or
ganizations. Emphasis Is placed on
tho treatment of preventable smuts of
whont, oats, pnrloy, ryo, nnd grain sor
ghums. Tho work thus far conducted
in tho territory mentioned probably
has resulted In tho treatment of CO
per cent at all tho seed wheat, oats,
and barley sown. This means a prob
able saving) according to tliu Depart
ment of Agriculture, of not less than
10.000,000 bushels of wheat, 25,000,000
bushuls of oats and 40,000,000 bushels
Utility and Profit of Sheep
In good farming allow nothing to
go to waste.
Oi many farms ovory yoar grass
and weeds around buildings, in barn
lots, along fences and roads, In corn
or stubble fiolds, go to seod nnd be
come wnsto material. Those weeds
could be turned to good account If
I thoro was a bunch of sheep to cat
No farm animal will respond more
readily to care and feed than sheep.
Thoy need but Uttlo attention if such
as thoy require is given at tho right
There is a world-wide shortago of
.'sheen. Tho consumption of mutton
(is on the Increase. Tho wool supply
of tho world is about exhausted. Fat
' lambs and woof bring good figures.
Not alono on account of tho wnr, but
I from a genuine demand of the people.
There is wonderful interest in sheep
growing everywhere, but tho demand
for mutton and wool is so great that
producors cannot meet it. There
should bo sheep on ovory farm.
Sheep need a chango of pnature.
Turning them from ono field into
another furnishes this chango and
keeps the sheop healthy.
Expensive housing Is unnecccssary.
Warm shelter Is essential only when
the lambs are very young. Tho roof
Is tho most Important part of tho
sheep house. Keep tho sheep dry
during tho winter season and the
Jleece will provido tho warmth. A
bunch of good ewes will return good
profits. Their requirements are sim
ple and their returns in fleece and fat
lambs will surprise you.
Thero is no bettor winter feed for
the ewes than good sllago and alfalfa
hay. A good ewo will give more milk
for tho feed consumed than will the
' best dairy 'ow. Her lamb will do tho
1 milking and,- by converting tho milk
' into fat lamb, tho farmer can ' got
much more per one hundred pounds
for the owo'8 milk than for the cow's,
c,ifd in addition, the ewe furnishes a
fleece each year to sell.
Care shduld bo taken notVto feed
sour or moldy si In go to sheep. It will
kill them. Large owes raising lambs
can be fed sweet sllago up to four or
five pounds per day, after they have
become accustomed to it. During tho
winter before the lambs arrive, the
ewes, if in good condition at tho start,
I need only a light sllago ration with
I alfalfa bay and com fodder. Some
1 times a feed of bright straw is rel
ished by the ewes.
Sheep kept in muddy yards for long
periods are almost sure to get sore
feet. Give them dry footing and there
will be no trouble.
' Select a bunch of rugged "mutton
shaped" ewes and mate them in tho
fall with a purebred slro of good form
i and fleece. Have tho lambs born in
I March If thero is plenty of good feed
, for tho ewes and warm shelter for the
lambs. Otherwise tho lambs had bet
ter not arrive until later, when tho
weather is warmer and tho owes, can
To Ship Bread-Stuffo
The United States Food Adminis
tration Issues tho following':
I'rder the agreement entered Into
by tho Food Administration with the
, food controllers of the allied natlbnaj
nur breadstuffs export program for tho
coming year, will be: Wheat, rye, bar
' ley, and com, or flours calculated as
gram for breadstuffs, 409,320,pp0
1 1 , - - . 1 . . . 4 .A AAA AAA ,
uuhiiuih, oi which trom iuu,uuv,uuu to
luii uiu,uuu MiiMieis may uo cereaisj
oinur nun wnuai.
A. H. SPRAGUE, Special Agt, Standard OH Co., Eugene, Oregon
Chambers Hdw. Co., Eugeno, Ore. Monroo Hardware Company, Eu-
J, W, Quackenbusb & Son, Eugene, gone, Oregon.
Oregon. Ax Billy Department Store, Eu-
Tttwapsoa Hdw. Co., Eugene, Oro. gone, Oregon.
Arsenic Under Embargo .
At tho request of'tlje United States
Food Administration "the War4Trado
Bcai-l baa placed an embargo on tho
px. e.-laJon of whito arserilc. r,Jio
c'i of purposo of this order is to-pro-tec'.
American farmers and gardeners
against a shortage of arsenic insecticides.
Clover 8eed With Nurse Crop
Experiments conducted with tho
scedjag of clover with various nurco
crops In the far northwestern portion
of tho United States, extending over
a period of several years, gavp tho fol
Clover seeded with four different
'nurse crops produced a successful
stand on 75.9 per cent of tho area
'seeded in winter wheat, on 96.5 per
cont of that soeded In spring wheat, on
89.7 per cent of that seeded in oats,
and on 97.8 per cent of that seeded in
barley. Tho principal factors contrib-
Did one of these 200
letters come to you?
A DUSTY courier slid off his motor-cycle at the big double hut
in a French town and tramped up to the canteen.
"Got a note for the secretary from, my commanding officer,"
he said. He handed a piece of paper across the counter to a smiling
This is the note the Secretary read:
We landed here three day a ago miles from anywhero.
Can you send us some supplies, especially writing
paper? This is the first chance the boys have had
to write home and we have no paper to give thexxu
The older man looked tip and grinned
"Got you away off in the woods, have thoy?"
"I'll say they have!"
"Can you carry anything? "
"All you'll give me!"
From the shelves the secretary took big packages of paper and
"Too much?" He asked v
"It will be gone ten minutes after I get back!" said the boy.
"Tonight," the secretary went on, 'Til drive out a truck
with more supplies and a man to stay with you. And tell the boys
that if their letters are finished, 111 bring them back with me tonight,
and get them into the mails."
An hour later that motor-cyclist whizzed into camp, loaded
down with writing paper, and in ten minutes letters were being
written to 200 American homes.
The United War Work organ izatiSns know what letters mean
to American soldiers. They know that fighters want to get letters
and want to write letters.
So in every hut and on every ship your boys find writing paper,
envelopes, ink, pens and pencils, and tables where they can get off by
themselves and tell the folks back home how things are going.
Millions of sheets are given away free every week to American
boys overseas. That is why the letters you get from your boy are
written on the stationery of one of these organizations. It is one of
'the plans to bridge the Atlantic. Help keep the letters coming !
Your dollars will supply a whole Company for several days. Dig
deep today; help to bind together France and here.
Why you should give twice as much
as you ever gave before !
Tha need Is for a sum of 70$ greater than any gift over oiked for sine tha
world began. Tho Government has fixed this rum at $170,500,000.
By giving to these seven organizations all at onca, tha co6t and effort of el ad
ditional campaigns la caved.
Unless Americans do give twice as much saever bofoie, our ooldlora and Bailors
may not enjoy during 1019 their l
8,600 Recroatlon Buildings
1,000 Miles of Movie Film
100 Lending Stage Stars
2,000 Athletic Directors
2,500 Libraries stipplying 5,000,000 boolca
85 Hoateia Houses ; :'
15,000 Dlg-brother "Decretaes"
Millions of tfoIUua of borne comforts
When you give double, you make euro that every fighter has tha cheer and
comforts of theso seven organizations every step of tho way from homo to tha
front and back again. You provide him with a church, a theatre, a cheerful home,
a store, a school, a club and an athletic field and a knowledgo that tho folks back
homo are with him, heart and soul I
You have loaned your money to supply their physical needs.
Now give to maintain the Morale that la winning the war I
UNITED WAR WORK CAMPAIGN
ZV I T.H&fc T.W.. II JT ij.
5SXV yA"W XrXV Amiua fT3
("V AtwaiCAM LiiaAaV i
fJ J 4MOOAT10II V vjj (
utlng to the failure of clovor seeded I hick ooedlng of tho uurao crop, poor
with a mirso crop are said to bo foul I seod, late uoodlntf, and lack of proper
Ian el, poor seedbed preparation, too I noil Inoculation,
. As you behold the glory of America
In future years, do your part bow m
you may rofloct the glory theft.